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Lima News Newspaper Archive: April 30, 1975 - Page 1

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Publication: Lima News

Location: Lima, Ohio

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   Lima News, The (Newspaper) - April 30, 1975, Lima, Ohio                               r, Survey Recommends Closing Of 2 Gity Schools By LYNN BRONIKOWSKI News Staff Writer In order for the Lima city school system to better utilize its buildings and achieve some racial balance, the School Man- agement Institute of Wester- ville recommends that Garfield and Longfellow Elementary schools be closed. RELATED NEWS On Local Page EDWARD E. HOLT Achieving A Balance The recommendation comes in wake of findings compiled by SMI, which embarked upon the building utilization survey earlier this year following school board authorization. The report, released during Tuesday night's school board meeting, says that in order for the system to accommodate stu- dents from buildings to be closed, it is recommended that a six classroom addition be made to the Washington-McKin- ley site. The addition would cost the system about and would, upon completion, in- crease operating costs by about annually, according to the report. Closing the two schools would save the school system annually in operational costs. Once the ley construction was completed, students from the two closed schools could be shifted to various schools throughout the system, by redrawing bounda- ries, the report states. In addition to closing Garfield and Longfellow, the SMI report suggests a third alternative which calls for closing or diverting Edison School. Al- though Edison is one of the phy- sically better buildings in the system, one with reasonable operating costs, its location in proximity to South Junior High School is not desirable, the re- port says. According to a map, provided by SMI, the entire area now served by Longfellow School, would be shifted to the expand- ed Washington-McKinley site. The shift, by the 1979-80 school year, would result in approxi- mately 78 white and 10 black students added to the Washing- ton-McKinley student popula- tion. A shift of 145 Garfield stu- dents living in an area, from North Sugar Street to the Nor- folk a nd Western Railroad tracks and from North Street to South Pine and East Elm, to the Washington-McKinley School, would result by 1980 in an added 92 black and 53 white students. Based on the above projected enrollments, the Washington- McKinley student population by 1980 would be approximately 600 students, at least 25 per cent ot whom would be black. The report further recom- mends that the entire Garfield area, from East North Street to the Penn-Central R a i r o a d tracks, and from the Railroad tracks to the Ottawa River, be shifted to Emerson School. This shift would result in ap- proximately 51 black and 11 white students being added to the 1980 population of Emersop. Also, the shift would help defray .some ot the heavy looses in stu- dent population estimated for Emerbon. This shift would re- sult in contributing to a 1980 stu- dent population at Emerson of 220 students, 30 per cent of whom would be black. Another shift of Garfield stu- dents, living in an area from the Railroad tracks to Main Street and from the Penn-Cen- (See SURVEY, Page A4) "You are not to enquire how your trade may be in- creased, nor how you are to become a great and powerful people, but how your liberties may be secured, for liberty ought to be the direct end of your government." Henry TEE LIMA NEWS Serving Northwest Ohio More Than 90 Years Weather 86 Pages, 8 Sections Vol. 91, No. 119 WEDNESDAY. APRIL 30, 1975 Showers tonight with low in upper 40s to low 50s. Cloudy with a chance of showers Thursday. High in mid to upper 60s. Tues- day's high was 75 and today's low was 58 degrees. Weather map on page A4. 15 Cents Sai Surrenders To Communists Asian Policy Shifts Eyed By KENNETH J. FREED WASHINGTON (AP) A major task for the Ford admin- istration following the ragged end to the American role in Vietnam is development of a new, realistic Asian policy while warding off possible Com- munist adventurism, U.S. offi- cials say. The focus of a policy redevel- opment ordered by Secretary o{ State Henry A. Kissinger will be on Japan, South Korea, the Philippines and Indonesia. Thailand, which now faces a serious Communist threat, is in a special category and will be treated separately. Speaking privately in the hours after the U.S. evacuation of Saigon and the subsequent surrender to the Viet Cong Tuesday night, these officials said American diplomacy in Asia has been staggering for the last two years. Events in Indochina in the last few weeks also have re- vealed basic weaknesses in many old ties with other na- tions in the region, the sources stated. While many reasons are of- fered, the consensus centers on Kissinger's view that congres- sional intrusion into the execu- tion of foreign policy, particu- larly the removal of the mili- tary option, eliminated the basis of U.S. policy in South- east Asia. The idea behind the reas- sessment, therefore, will be to strengthen old ties and develop new ones based on mutual eco- nomic and political concerns rather than military accords. The argument goes that Ja- pan, the Philippines and the others will feel much more se- cure in such ties than in prom- ises that their joint anti-Com- munism will lead to military aid. In his Tuesday news confer- ence following President Ford's announcement of the evac- uation, Kissinger talked in soft terms about a new Asia policy. "We will soon be in con- sultation with many other coun- tries in that area including In- donesia and Singapore and Aus- tralia and New he said. In those talks, Kissinger went on, "We hope to crystalize an Asian policy that is suited to present circumstances." Whatever the outcome of the policy review, Kissinger said it must be realistic and long range. "Surely another lesson we should draw from the In- dochina experience is that for- eign policy must be sustainable over decades if it is to be effec- tive." Kissinger said "the ex- perience in the war can make us more mature in the com- mitments we undertake and more determined to maintain those we have. "I would therefore think that with relation to other countries that no lessons should be drawn by the enemies of our friends from the experiences in Vietnam." The secretary defended his policy of seeking improved re- lations with China and the So- viet Union. In fact, he said Moscow was of "some help in the evacuation effort." And while saying the Soviets must be responsible for the consequences of actions "that lead to an upset of the situation in the secretary also warned against expecting the Russians or Chinese to do "our job for us." Twisters Kill Five In Southern Sweep By ASSOCIATED PRESS Tornado-spawning thunder- storms roamed the South today after hatching a rash of twis- ters that killed five persons, in- jured more than two dozen and caused widespread property damage and power failures. Two persons were killed and at least seven were injured as a result of possibly six tor- nadoes in Louisiana early to- day. Tornado watches were in effect in the predawn hours in parts of Oklahoma, Ar- kansas, Missouri and Louisiana. Police said as many as two tornadoes whipped through Ver- DOD Parish, La., where the two died. Six persons were Injured in Beauregard Parish, one in Concordia Parish and several more south of Alexan- dria. The early-morning twisters were a continuation of severe weather that broke out over South Texas at midafternoon Index Business DS Classified .............E8-11 Comics Deaths ....................A4 Editorial A6 Entertainment Sports .................D2-4 TV Schedule ..............E6 ...............C2-4 Tuesday. Nineteen tornadoes were reported by the National Weather Service nine in Texas, six in Louisiana, two in Oklahoma and one each in Mis- souri and Illinois. Three persons died and five were injured when a twister smashed through the South Texas community of Yancey. Eight were injured in the Beau- mont-Vidor area and four were hurt at Calvert. Many sections of Vicksburg, Miss., and Alexandria, La., were without electrical power following heavy thunderstorms there during the night. Power lines and trees were torn down in Natchitoches, and numerous mobile homes and house trail- ers were overturned across Louisiana. Large hail accompanied se- vere thunderstorms that raked_ portions of Louisiana, Kansas, Oklahoma and Missouri through Tuesday and into the night. Rains of an inch or more were common. Wintry weather clung to sec- tions of the northern Rockies and Plains. Stockmen's adviso- ries were continued in parts of Wyoming and South Dakota. Up to 14 inches of snow in the Lead-Deadwood area of South Dakota on Monday and Tues- day caused a lengthy power outage that forced cancellation of school classes Tuesday. EAGER VIET YOUNGSTER TAKES A TUMBLE AT MARINE BASE He Was Aboard First Plane Loaded With Refugees For U.S. Viet Refugees Begin New Lives By TOM JORY Associated Press Writer Thousands of South Vietnamese have joined a widening stream of refugees bound for the United States and what could be months of grappling with red tape and uncertainty. About of the refugees, some who saw their homeland torn by war, the government they sup- ported in collapse, arrived at West Coast military bases Tuesday. Many, many others filled a tem- porary tent city on Guam. Military officials on the Pacific island listed the refugee population early today at They said it would reach as evacuees streamed in from initial processing centers on Wake Island and at Clark Air Force Base in the Philippines. Senate Republican Leader Hugh Scott told re- porters that by noon Tuesday, refugees had been evacuated from the country. Later in the day, President Ford said in a statement the evac- uation of Americans was complete. Hours later, the Saigon government surrendered and Norm Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops entered the city. Military and Immigration and Naturalization Service workers on Guam said they cleared refugees Tuesday for departure to the States and that they expected the rate to increase to a day in 10 days. Most of the first to pass through Camp Pendle- New Bill Proposes Refugee Aid Funds EXPLORING NEW HOME Vietnamese chil- dren play in the dirt outside their temporary new home at Camp Pendleton, Calif. Tuesday eve- ning. The children were part of the first group of about refugees to be flown to the United States from Guam, where another are ex- pected to undergo processing before departing for the West Coast WASHINGTON (AP) With the evacuation of U.S. citizens from South Vietnam complete and Vietnam surrendered, Con- gress may scrap a million aid bill and start over on an Indochinese refugee aid mea- sure that could cost even more. The new bill funding evac- uation and the care of Cam- bodians and other non-Ameri- cans as well as some South Vietnamese to the United States was proposed Tuesday by House International Rela- tions Chairman Thomas E. Morgan, D-Pa., and backed by House Speaker Carl Albert. "I think it will be a lot more than Morgan said. He said he had no estimates but believed the cost might be high to reimburse the mili- tary's evacuation costs over the past month as well as the new costs of bringing refugees to the United States. Albert said he believed con- troversial congressional author- ity for Ford's use of military forces for the evacuation should be knocked out of the new bill as moot. "I think we should start from scratch one a new bill- eliminate the things that have al- ready been eliminated by the facts and provide humanitarian assistance for these Cam- bodians and South Vietnamese and the Albert said. Morgan had issued a state- ment harshly criticizing Albert for pulling the original bill off the House floor at the last min- ute Tuesday. Morgan said Con- gress should have voted on au- thorizing the U.S. forces before the evacuation was over. The House had already start- ed preliminaries to giving the bill Congress' final approval when Albert ordered it pulled off the calendar. House Democratic Leader Thomas P. O'Neill Jr. of Mas- sachusetts said Ford agreed it could be dropped because he no longer needed it. O'Neill, had split with other House leaders last week and opposed the military evacuation authority. He said he and other leaders did not want to force a vote on the precedent of author- izing the U.S. evacuation troops if they did not have to. "It's moot O'Neill said. "There's no need for it. Why establish a precedent on some- tning that is Morgan said Congress has been trying since 1973 to make clear that the President has no power to send U.S. military forces into hostilities abroad, with few exceptions, unless Congress authorizes it. ton, Calif., the sprawling Marine base near San Diego, were Americans with Vietnamese wives, their children and their wives' families. By late afternoon, many had been processed and were headed home. But others arrived with neither homes nor friends in this country, and for them military and civilian authorities hurriedly prepared necessary shelter, food and medical services. The Pentagon said temporary homes would be provided refugees at Pendleton, at Eglin Air Force Base in Florida and at Ft. Chaffee, Ark. Spokesmen at Eglin and Chasffee said officials there were geared for the first arrivals by the end of the week. Preparations were being made to provide housing for refugees at each of the in- stallations, officials said. There was no clear word on how long the refugees would re- main at the bases. One soldier at Chaffee said he had been is- sued 90-days orders. The first evacuees to reach the United States landed at El Toro Marine Corps Air Station, near Pendleton, and at Norton Air Force Base outside San Bernardino, about 90 miles away. They were bused to Pendleton. Others landed at Travis AFB in Northern Cali- fornia. Lt. Col. Arthur Brill, a public information officer at Pend- leton, said the Vietnamese were "being kept isolated out here for their own protection. "They are in a foreign coun- try, new to this place, and for the time being it would just be better that he said. Among the first to land at El Toro was Gen. Cao Van Vien, former chief of the joint gener- al staff of South Vietnam. He quickly slipped out of sight. About 220 officers and men, in addition to 30 military ling- uists, were at Ft. Chaffee, a deactivated Army installation in west Arkansas. One spokes- man said the first refugees would arrive Thursday, but Rep. John Paul Ham- merschmidt, R-Ark., said he had word the first would fly in Friday. Takeover Reportedly Nonviolent By GEORGE ESPER SAIGON (AP) The Saigon government surrendered uncon- ditionally today, and Viet Cong and North Vietnamese troops occupied the South Vietnamese capital. Many of the South Vietnam- ese troops in the city turned in their arms and tried to lose themselves amid the civilian population. But there were peri- RELATED NEWS On Page E-8 odic outbursts of gunfire some from pockets of resist- ance and others from celebrat- ing Viet Cong and North Viet- namese firing into the air Loud explosions' were heard in the late afternoon. They were reported aboard an am- munition barge burning in the Saigon river, but they were causing no damage to the city. Otherwise life returned to a semblance of normalcy in the city. People strolled the streets, greeting the arriving Viet Cong and North Vietnamese troops with smiles and handshakes. Motorbike traffic picked up. Viet Cong flags appeared on many buildings. After 112 years of French colonialism, Japanese occupa- tion during World War II and American military intervention, the Indochina peninsula was free of foreign domination. President Duong Van Minh announced his government's unconditional surrender in a broadcast at midmorning and ordered the South Vietnamese armed forces to turn in their arms. Four hours later a jeepload of North Vietnamese soldiers brought the 51-year-old retired general back to the micro- phone, and he appealed again to the government forces to give up. "At (a.m.) on April 30, 1975, the flag of the Provisional Revolutionary Government (PRG) of the Republic of South Vietnam fluttered above the palace of the puppet president and on other buildings in the declared Hanoi's Viet- nam News Agency, in a broad- cast monitored in Tokyo. The broadcast reiterated that Saigon has been renamed Ho Chi Minh City in honor of the late north Vietnamese leader. Mrs. Nguyen Thi Binh, the foreign minister of the Viet Cong's Provisional Revolution- ary Government, said in an in- terview in Da Nang Tuesday that Minh "might still have some role to play in the future of Vietnam.1' The Viet Cong took over the government radio station and announced that they had raised their flag over the presidential palace and occupied all strate- gic points in the city. "We representatives of the liberation forces of Saigon for- mally proclaim that Saigon hag been totally the broadcast said. "We accept the unconditional surrender of Gen. Duong Van Minh, president of the former government." A curfew was ordered from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. The broadcast also called on all government employes to return to work and on students and other youths to participate in a demonstration at a time to be announced lat- er. (See SAIGON, Page A4) SiFWSPAPFld   

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