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Lima News, The (Newspaper) - March 6, 1973, Lima, Ohio is the golden chain by which society bound together" Cod lit' 60 Pages, 4 Sections, THE LIMA NEWS Serving Northwest Ohio More Than 88 Years Vol. 89, No. 65 TUESDAY, MARCH 6, 1973 Weather Showers tonight and Wednesday. Lows to- night in upper 40s. Wednesday's highs in the 50s. Monday's high was 64 and today's low was 45 degrees. See weather map, page 4. 10 Cents Government' Wage-Setting Scale Studied WASHINGTON (AP) The General Accounting Office, watch dog agency for Congress, is investigating tbe'government's pay setting machinery to determine if it is biased in favor of federa employes. Specifically, the GAO wants to know if federal workers are getting paid more on the aver- age than employes holding comparable jobs in private in dustry. Although it may take two years1 to finish the study, the GAO hopes to have ready its first set of recommendations this spring. A spokesman said those recommendations could lead to either executive or con- giissional action. The GAO investigation was triggered by allegations tha the pay-setting system gives federal white-collar workers a break and leads to over compensation in comparison to private jobs. It is hard to prove the case either way. Federal statistics show that government employ es in some parts of the country earn more on the average than do workers in comparable jobs But in other areas- they earn less. The pay-setting process cov- ers 1.3 million federal white- collar workers directly, but fed- eral and military jobs are linked to the 'federal salary scale so that actually more than four million arc affected. Comptroller General Elmer B. Staats said differences m pay rates for federal and pri- vate employes "can have 'far- reaching effects on working relationships and the costs for salaries and wages throughout the entire economy." The pay-setting process is called comparability. The aiffl is to make sure that federal workers almost automatically get salary adjustments1 each year so that they receive roughly the same pay for the same kind of work as their pri- vate-industry counterparts. The system is a complex one based on government efforts to match federal and private job easy and then compare pay rates. Annually, on the basis of the salary surveys, the Office of Management and Budget de- cides whether federal workers should be getting more money, and sends its recommendation to the White House. The president can then in crease federal salaries by exec utive order, in line with th survey results, or, recommen to Congress that something els be done. The last federal pay raise, 5. per cent, took effect Jan. 1. The GAO also is looking int executive-level pay in the gov ernment, those jobs that gener ally pay and up. Ther is a ceiling on those sal aries, primarily because ac ministration appointees in po licymaking positions start a that rate. But the ceiling probably wil be lifted next year, and the pay of federal executives coverec by the civil-service system wil drift upward, too. Although those top-paid civil service jobs -are not covered bj the comparability survey, the government tries to keep them generally in line with the sala ries of private-industry execu tives. Staats said that is particular ly difficult, because in private industry, executive pay often includes bonuses and other fringe benefits government men don't get. Some ries: sample federal' sala- GS-3 level, covering clerks, draftsmen, stenogra- phers and the like, pays an av- erage of a year. In pri- vate industry, the surveys in- dicate, the average is GB-7, the average feder- al pay is Among the jobs" in that grade are accountants, and engineering technicians. employes at the 3S-9 level, among them some unior attorneys, chemists and engineers, make an average of public-rela- tions officers' average between and federal management evel begins at the GS-14 rating, and an official at this level earns on the average. "On the average, I think ve're roughly comparable to >rivate a civil-serv- ce official said. Muddy Faurot Lake Claims Cop's Horse An off-duty Lima police officer was pulled to safety late Monday from Bear Pit Lake in Faurot Park, but his horse, valued at approximately wasn't as fortunate. Patrolman Jack R. Thompson, 22, told investigating of- ficers he was riding Monday with a friend and at approxi- mately p.m., the horse, frightened by a passing motor- ist, jumped into the lake. Thompson said he was thrown clear and swam towards shore where his riding companion pulled him to safety. A search ensued for the horse and about an hour later it floated to the top. The horse apparently drowned when it became entrapped in heavy mud at the bottom of the lake. Pearl Buck, Nobel Winner, Dies, DANBY, Vt. S. sionary in China from 1914 until PEARL S. BUCK Dies At 80 Buck, the daughter of mis- sionaries who won the Nobel and Pulitzer prizes for her writ- ings on China, died today at her home here. She was 80. Beverly Drake, Miss Buck's private secretary, said the au- thor died "quietly" about a.m. today. She underwent gall bladder surgery last fall. Born in West Virginia June 26, 1892, Miss Buck was raised in China and learned to speak Chinese before she learned English. It was that upbringing, she said, that influenced not only the subject of her writing but her style as well. She spent the first 17 years 'of her life in China, returned to the United States for a stay and then worked as a Presbyterian mis- 1935. The Chinese government refused her request to revisit the country last October. She won the Pulitzer Prize in 1932 for "The Good a book detailing the rise to power of a Chinese peasant which was cited for "its epic sweep, its distinct and moving character- ization, its sustained story in- terest, its simple and yet richly colored style." In 1938 she became the first American woman to win a No- bel Prize for Literature. The award made special mention of two 1936 biographies "The Exile" and "Fighting Angel." She was the first American woman to win the Nobel Prize for literature. Miss Buck had been in failing health in the past year, than 30 languages. It was hospitalized twice for extended periods. Last July she spent nearly a month in the hospital following a pleurisy attack and in Octo- ber was hospitalized again for two months as she recovered from gall bladder surgery. A family spokesman would not make any comment on Miss Buck's death other than to say it had come "quietly" and said in accordance with her wishes funeral services would be pri- vate and would not be in Ver- mont, The spokesman did not say where they would be held. Of her scores of books, far the most popular was "The Good which reflected the development of modern China. It was translated into ie, which won an Academy award for Louise Rainer in 1937 and also starred Paul Muni. Mrs. Buck continued writing throughout her life, turning out three books a year. She pub- lished five novels under the pen name "John Sedges." For years she was among the top selling writers in America, but she said her largest public was in Europe. In an interview in 1969, Mrs. Buck said that American critics tend to dismiss her "as a wom- an writer." "American she said, "accustomed to dealing with American writers, ought to face the fact that I am not a 100 per cent American writer. My con- cept of the novel is based on the Chinese novel, which has a simple, direct style. I read Chi- nese novels almost exclusively until I came to America to go to college." Mrs. Buck said she found most contemporary writers "boringly preoccupied with sex." "I'm not moralistic at she said. "It doesn't shock me. It amuses me more than any- thing else." Among her interests in recent years was her foundation to aid Asian children fathered and abandoned by American GIs. It operated in seven Asian nations and last September opened an office in Saigon. (See DIES, Page 4) 2nd Crash Averted French Sky Boycotted PARIS (AP) A number of Robert Galley, the French airlines boycotted French skies today because two Spanish jet liners collided during an air controller strike, and a Swedish let captain said he nearly had a second collision over France. The chief of staff of the French air force acknowledgec he radar cover in the area of Monday's crash is "less than perfect." Gen. Claude Gngaut told a news conference that shortage of ground equipment left gaps n the radar network arounc Mantes, a control checkpoint in western France for virtually all air traffic between Spain and Britain. But he insisted the main cause of Monday's colli- ion was pilot error. The report from Stockholm said SAS pilot Rolf Bandell re- ported a big plane suddenly crossed his course at the same altitude Monday near Abbe- ville, in northern France. Th3 eport said Bandell was flying Boeing 720 jet with 178 per- ons aboard, bound for the Canary Islands. The military air Controllers eplacing the French airports strikers had not at in- ormed him of any other plane n the vicinity, Bandell said. When he reported the near-col- sion, he said he was an- wered: "Understood, under- tood." The two Spanish airliners col- ded about 760 miles southwest f Abbeville, near the coast be- ow Nantes. One of the planes, n Iberia Airlines DC9, broke p in the air and all 68 persons board were killed. The other, Convair Coronado flown by ie Spantax charter line, land- d safely although part of a ing was knocked off. It had )8 persons aboard. The jets hit in clear weather ver western France as both ere heading for London, beria said the dead included 47 ritons, 11 Spaniards, 2 Japa- ese, 1 Irish passenger and the Spanish crewmen. Another 30 Britons missed the an in Minorca and took anoth- r flight. Most of the 99 passengers on plane also were 3 minister of transport, said the Iberia plane was about two minutes behind schedule and the Spantax was ahead of schedule despite instructions from the ground to slow down. He said that, as the charter plane was turning at a checkpoint near Nantes, the two planes brushed wingtips. Galley blamed the crash on "pilot error" and said: "I have found nothing at the present time which could question the responsibility of the very correctly." However, the striking air controllers said the defense ministry, which is supervising air traffic control, bears "full and total responsibility" for all consequences of the strike. The government has refused to negotiate with the saying then- walkout is illegal. The French pilots' association claimed a dangerous situation existed and grounded its members Monday night, halting most flights by the three McGovern Nixon D Lawyer WASHINGTON (AP) Sen. 3eorge McGovern said today he has proof the new director of the Office of Economic Opportunity plans to sharply limit he kind of help poor people can obtain from federally-paid poverty lawyers. He said the Nixon administration seeks to destroy the independence of the Legal Services Program and "let political appointees decide when and low the rights of the poor may >e asserted." The Smith Dnknta Program cern is to get rid of the existing backup centers and much less with what they put in their he said. Under the Legal Services Program, some poverty lawyers work out of 900 offices. They handled more than one million cases last year. Congress has appropriated million in legal services funding for the current fiscal year. French airlines. British European Airways, British Caledonian, Lufthansa and Iberia joined the boycott of the French skies. BOAC has by- passed France since the con- trollers' strike started two weeks ago. SAS, the Scandina- vian line, said it would main- tain its scheduled flights to French airports but other flights would not fly over the country. The U.S. Pilots' Association said there was "a very h'gh risk situation" over France, bul there was no immediate word of curtailment by Pan Ameri- can, TWA or any of the Ameri- can charter lines. Leonard Wareham, one of the >assengers on the Spantax light from Madrid, said there was "an enormous bang and a "we- dropped and dropped and were rocking about." Wareham said he look- ed out the window and saw half the wing was missing." The pilot was able to land the four-engine jet at Cognac, 125 miles away, without injury to any of the occupants. It was the second crash in three months involving a Span- tax Convair Coronado. All 155 aboard another one of he line's four-engine jets were tilled when it crashed shortly after taking off from the Cana- ry Islands on Dec. 3. j SURROUNDED Navy Lt. Cmdr. John McGrath of San Diego, Calif., is mobbed today by a happy class of elementa- ry school children at Clark Air Base, Philippines. McGrath was shot down over North Vietnam on June and was released Sunday. (UPI Telephoto) e charter ritish. released a memorandum from a ranking OEO official to Act- ing OEO Director Howard Phil- lips which indicated a mil- lion research service for pover- lawyer was being termi- nated. The research service in 15 nationwide "backup located mostly at university law schools, should be pulled back under the direct control of OEO officials the memorandum said. i By taki 3 out the "backup! the memorandum i said, OEO would end attempts: by poverty lawyers to use the! program as an agency to force broad social change. It said there is nothing in fed- eral law "which either requires or encourages attorneys em- ployed in the Legal Services Program to be at the beck and call of every public and private entity in the U.S. interested in social problems." The memo, drafted by Mar- shall Boamian, OEO's acting director of program evaluation, ;he "backup centers" vere Becoming public interest law organizations, which sometimes acted to encourage liberal so- cial cgislation in the states. In his speech, McGovern said Phillips first decided to cut out the backup centers, then sought justification and reasons to pro- vide critics by having Boatman write the memo. "The problem of what to do about OEO's legal services backup centers is most ur- the memo said. "How- ard Phillips asked me (Boar- nwn) to prepare a rationale for phasing them out and replacing Ibcm with an in-hmise unit." Boarman could 'not be reached for comment Monday night. However, Theodore Tct- ENGLAND SUFFERING Threat of a na- tionwide general strike today in protest Against the government's anti-inflationary wage freeze, could duplicate scenes like this empty ward Monday at King's College Hospi- London, in other areas of Polish life. Protest stnkes in Britain have crippled hos- pitals, closed schools, cut off heating and cooking gas to homes and disrupted train service. (UPI Telephoto) CLARK AIR BASE, Philip- pines (AP) Eighty of the 106 American prisoners of war re- leased by North Vietnam this week will be flown to the United States on Wednesday, Operation Homecoming offi- cials announced. The announcement said planes carrying 20 men each would fly to Andrews Air Force Base in Washington, D.C., Scott Air Force Base at 111.; Kelly Field at San Tex., and Travis Air Force Base at Fairfield, Calif. They are due Wednesday afternoon, between and p.m. local time. Their departure will leave 56 American POWs and two West Germans still at Clark Air Base awaiting transfer. Two Thai sergeants freed in Hanoi on Sunday were flown to Bangkok On Final Lap Home today, leased and two Monday Filipinos re- were trans- ferred to a Philippine military hospital in Manila. Officials at the base hospital reported that most of the men released with his name on it for the past year. The girl, Debbie White, daughter of T.Sgt. Russ T. White of Colorado Springs, Colo., took the bracelet off and gave it to Christian. He kissed the white mark it had left on her wrist. The airmen were visibly touched by the reception from the young people, "I could almost come to tears even though I'm supposed to be a big said Navy Lt. George T. Coker, 30, of Hous- ton, Tex., to a group of ele- mentary school pupils. Air Force Col. Norman C. Gaddis, 39, of Winston Salem, N.C., told the children: "At first, I didn't really believe it" when told he was to be freed. Ur Force CapL Loren H. Torkelson, 32, of Carmichael, Calif., told the children about his capture in April 1967 after his plane was shot down by a "I bailed out and landed on a side of a he said. As soon; as I landed on the hill, I heard; several Vietnamese ringing bells, I guess warning the people they had seen me. I had, of course, my parachute and all my equipment on. Be- fore I could make any moves, I had to get rid of it. By the time I collected my thoughts, gotten this equipment off, they were all around me, and I had no op- portunity to try and evade or escape." He was taken to Hanoi in a truck, and people threw rocks and tomatoes at the truck. "Did the rocks hit you in the someone asked. "No. they he replied. Viet Cong Ask One-Fourth Of Prisoners Held In South SAIGON (AP) The Viet] "On what date will the gov- Cong asked the Saigon govern-1 ernment of Saigon start the re- ment today to 'fourth of the Communist prison- ers n holds and begin the see- release one-ljcase of mintarv personnel, on what date will it terminate? Does the Saigon government consent to turn over civilian de- ond phase of Vietnamese pris- jainecs to ibe Provisional Revo- af Alir
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