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Cambridge Jeffersonian: Thursday, January 26, 1871 - Page 1

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   Cambridge Jeffersonian, The (Newspaper) - January 26, 1871, Cambridge, Ohio                               THE i. 3D. OHIO. Virtus 9 I 1 the year a OO One copy in adsance If piikl within llivyia After COUNTY Pi-obutc Judav -W. 11. llurnuU. It- -K. C. Alexander A. Taylor. A. Lawrence. ffoteeuUng Ut Williuui C'lays- juBittliau Hwst-. ur Andruw .Suiiiirlrvv. Suitt. Uurtfufr ifcivld of M11I- lier.svllU. Jnflrnmru oJ W. M. of MliWle- of Henecavlllo. I. A. Citmbi-Uyr Chaptef Xv. K A MeuU Tuesday uvxt after full Moon. E. W. MATHKWM. H. C. K. -V... .4. CunilxTland. AH-uts Monday ryeuiuts or before each lull moon. O. W. IT. 1'. 1. N. Sfi-'.t .V'. f Af-Muets on Tucvl.iy oveuinu next picevcilinit ouch Muou. JOIIN H. M. J. AV. THOU Eureka SMity A- .-I. .V.. Wash- iiiKton. u i .1.1 next prccetlluueaeh mil moon. M. S. B. I.AWIU..N' -c J I K.t jl. rum- bvrliuul. AKiN l'a- -ilv be- fore each full mi M. llowni.t.. W. M. IJiauw Fiiirrii-ui IV-. .V. CAMBRIDGE VOL. JANUARY 1871. NO. 37. WM. ItKKuior. T. F. I IKUUIO'l'T JSt.lK'K. OHIO. 8' TAtt Public Court Ohio. TlllMlIOUNV iMtuMVHMll lit IHO'll'I'M Htylo. It nNo Jiixt hi-en nntl ni-w stiiblr luix nifnl-tlilnnniiiplcHi'ciitiiiiiotlHtlon. npUtf N. U. Proprli-tor. YT IBK Corner Mnrkrt nnil Fourth M. M. KUltC P W'T-Coiinoiitcd with this hotel Inn Inrgc utul eotnmtHllniiNMlnlitr. R Fine Cold nixl Sllvri-. Amrrlcnn I'oin ntul Sti-i-lliisj Silver mid t-'lut'Tiihtuniul I'liuk- mid t-'lut'Tiihtuniul I'liuk- cl l-'ri-iicli unit Aiuri'lcivn Kin- Anns nnil l-'lxcil .U'Welry ntitl Oorle lit-p.tlrlliu In all KM brani-hi'-.. No. IOO Muni Mlivi't.iWil Fol- lows' Uhlo. Wttit.iAMx. FUKII. WILLIAMS. WILLIAMS And Aiiii-rk-iiu nml Kori-lmi Mm'- Mill- pulillpSiiuiin-i I'.viihrlilift'. a.1 lull M- I-'I.AIN. W. M. Friday li luoon. A. M. CvmMityr f F-Meefs OVcry ThurMiav V. U. J. A. i-'y t. o. Cuiaborliuul. .M- i-t- Hntuviliiy ulng. W. U. J. 11. TIME TAHI.E It. O. It. C. O. O. D K. KVI.K. Dt-nlcrlu And tii.-uiufiii-fiiii-i ot Al1.i IR-ill- tilt-H. Dliln. Kfi limit iitu-iuli'il to promptly. r. WOKKS. NIL r. M. A. No. s. NIL A. H. I1. M. Wliok-'ulr und Urtiill hi l-'on-tun nud Atiu-rli'.iu M.-u'iili-mnl .-aniliKUy Akron unit I'l-nit-iit. und Cali-lnril niul l-'ii'i- lirli-k. Miiuu- of H is it r.K MAS- ASO of rvory itf-criptloli. 11 -Multi Xiuu'-vltli-. iiliio. Hi-otcii ttiul Iron MiintoN KurnWird to onli-r. j N... No..'i. STATIONS. T. M. I'. M. A. Jit. A. M. Cumpix ir- will run Hun- KWUlii an 'I. W.C. til M. T..T. ixst of t'iKtem -rltrro Toi'h. .North of Plillu. tor tli' -il-ovi- old ri-llubk- coiupank-s C. I.. -line In iiud from Irellllld lllld tliisotllce. Al- Unit on I'Muntrii ttili 17-coU'ly Sluit't Vout C.V.1HIK1IX.K J'OSTOPFICE. U.K..cast m. li. U. ea-t p. m. K. H.. WCM p. U..WIM m. I Cumberl'd Ilimi.i. m.iCiimherl'l. p. m. I Wa-liatn m. Kl.Clau-svl. p. m. M a. In. in.nl and every and at f. .Mill- liersville. t Friday at 11 a. rn. Monev i'-.utd on alt parts of fulled --tati Ulliee from .1. m. to p. m. M.M.ISO.N. r. M. M.I I n I Hlln iir.uuli lill IM1. CAPITAL i i .t AI oij VN. I'fi -t. f 1. 1'. Woopw V. 1'revi. Uluhlnoiul. M. N AI HAS Sllpt. II. I.. o. AM. FILI.KD. Jan. --II. TO Tfi.VCHKHS. Pmbvi'-ri-tn 1'n i'l W. V. It. .1. P. Vail. l'i Ki-v. Si Pastor. Clli-iill'in V. t'a-tor. JtitjttM- Hi v. 1'nstor. in'iut will IH- hvld-ili CA-M- mauGK I'TI. .Isinuarv Tlitrd Saturday. l-Vhrii.n.v Mitreh. t'li-t and Third Mittiiritay. April May .tune Third Saturday. July TOHNSOM CMCIOllTOJi. mf nt And Notary Cuinlividae. Ohio. up OMf Ur.vt west ol PuMK- square. attention to JTobutf EW. Attorney Ohio. I'liH'tic-es in and itdjoiuiiiK voitntii Collectloni dnd Ufllcoovefljorry 41 A 'mils' store. JW. Attorney CnmbrldKC. Ohio. Will itttt-ud to the vttrl- ous Irfiiiiehes or pnieiii-e ill tin- of tWIsiind iiiijolnliiiti-oiiiitles. UIHi-e upstuirs 111 Xutloiml Itnnx InnldiUit. ert itlcalt ol moial signed by will lie ill all east--.. Examination- will promptly ntlioVliH-k.A. no iipplluiint will permitteilti' join the niter it lias uro- Kri-s.std. JOHN s. J-Kxam'rs. C. H. Attorury nt I.H.W. Ohio. I liavi- the Briu'tiecoflaw.iind wHl uive uttention to tusliie--' in i-otirls of the state umi the V'nJtcd State- witnln Ohio. P1I1LAUKLP1IIA Irt TJIE GUEAT DOMESTIC WOOL MARKET. o. 0 Ml Wit FROST HTRKET rn. Attorney nt Pra'-llivs in the Court-- of Uuernsey ami mljol mm countle-i. All bus- Iness will reeeUe attention. nt L.IHV. And Notary I'libiii-. Ohio. Spe. clul attention vlM-n to eolleerintf and con- veyancing. 1'ostotllee. Attorney nt i Ohio. Will take iivknowledKiiienH of deeds and eertily allidavits and take de- positions. SAfKS frcoof c Cun-espondi'iice with wool gruwurs lii-jti'd. tuloriniiilon In regard to thr- miirkct i-rtnlU flu ni lied at all 1'artii-uliir altenllxn paid to handling furmers' dips si nt direct. W. M. McMiilion Drugs and Miiiii ilivi tin- Ohio. I have now in und for Mill- tiHMi- t r.itf luw Muck of UK DID HIS LEVEL WEST. EO. Uovcriimcnt Clnlm l.ii eii-i d to pen- lii.e.t and oll.er auiiiiisl Ihr n nmenr. made jf collecnoiis me not Olllco In next to iialliey 's Mtori-. T Kolnry county Ohio. Convej- eliciim and the ol dupnMlioii-t rccolve prompt atlenllon. M. thirty yours inMctM'i- in tliH ciniiniiitilty. proprlolor oIT Inglo'K Culolu-iiU'il PI IK A .11. D.f .Surei'iin.TT. S. Pliyaleliiu itntl ttlvrn iiinl nil the Kyi'. Of. llco over MrMiilum ISrass and I'oj'pfr Ohio. Hheetiron wai-eand Tinners' stock at Kast- orn prices. Main west ol puhlie. square. JB. Jeweler nnd Silver Musical tn- atruincnts O. Klvo Window Wall 1'nlelll .Ili-illelm-s. l.ye in While etc. KTlULOll.S for iiii-'llclnul Cart-fully At nil hours oft If or J. Ill K HVSTKll Cnbittet And dealers in 11110 nud common l-'urnt- ture. Opposite old U. H. hotel. F AIVO 1 am now prpjMimd to nlve on the Pluno IVrMitiH wishing to iv- ruction cnn npl'l.vutiny rwUlciico or by mull. M. F. HH.X In bolimr.lo Ohio. IE WSPA PERfl fi C H i V E _. A. DRUGS AND MEDICINES Ohio. and Liquors Carbon Bill lio tlnxl on nn Which fun on the Ami iimny n iliiy old numliiT ilniwn u liniil. Ami Billy WHS stern uiul Nuvnr ciirltiK for or Wliru duty ranilritl his He'd ilo his h'VL-1 day In n cold Tlioi'iiKliK'ut'luid an A sllnlil touch ol'cholvrn And iiIson pulii In his Anil hcMnyii to Kun tho nuichlnouud me a Anil Hilly lookud apuiul my Ivrul Hu run machine to off ami h'lstud In A couplu of ylusMos of whisky And one ulul n hull' of Kin. oit'wltli the engine Not earing for ulvou or For lie WHS a hoy that nlwiiys Would do his k'vcl best. He ran them safely In StowH'il oil' ut u t'livoi'ite Got tnrre a little more whisky And nlsosome nips of Kin Ttu'n started oil a .single Toislvc tliu machine u For bill Ml liliili on that void And his level best. Hi1 tookril his surprise Thodtu'iii'il tilling watn't He didn't know what was to Whether to wliUlli1 down brakes for Bui finally thought he'd send 'er For he ourcd not tor sleep or And hesent the DolIlK her level best. Anotherttaln Inn dlll'ercnl way Tiled lo Uiul Mimic The didn't Ami then a of a Kour ears were three pusseiiyers dt-iid. lilll stokes in with the But his spirit as it Itixued I've done my level tor MuHrtnal MntMttt Xtc. A full sttii'lcof latent Miedicinos All KOIMN warranted us represented. 1'liyl'Miii'.' pre.rrlptlons tivvurutely rum- from fresh and pitt'o medicines. Millionth hours -Sloroopun from in. tn I in. and Irom.'Uo n p. m. H OOP SK1HTSI NKW t'IMDK Of TItK These vklrl.s lii all tin- latest fanliional style 4just receiveil us. Wvolfvr them us the hi-st Skirts and at tlio OwliiK to the pecuilur inuinier In which they are made Ihey will outwear two of atiy other muke. All i-d of the fully wutTalltcd. ADAMS. GBTTIXO MAHItlKD. YOCNII ON TttK fj ilellalitsof and or ofai-lllnx wltli nan- llary help lor those ivlio lei-l niilUted for niati'imonliilliapplni'ss. smi In.si-ul- edenvcloperf. AHWO- Jlox pn. TOUDOOISM. The Devil and the rtoo Wide-spread Influence of Savage Heathen- isut in the United States. A great tlcnl has been written nbot but very low people of the north have any dis- tinct idea in relation to its myste- ries still i'ewor know the extent rind influence over the negroes of the south. No white men tire ever initiated inlo its and no mcuns can be found which will in- duco colored people who arc faniil- liar with its workings to reveal what they know of it. But those who have had the best opportuni- ties to torm an intelligent have no doubt that it is the devil worship luilivo with additions by the teach- ings of the Hebrew and Christian adapted to suit tho purpose's of those who thrive upon the credulity of its believers. IN VOCDOOISM. Tho belief in Vottdootsm is al- most universal the colored population of the but its stronghold ia in Louisiana and in the'lower regions or Mississippi. It is also thrives exceedingly in the Soa Islands of South Carolina and in Georgia. IVot only the igno- rant negroes of the also the intelligent and well educa- ted mtilattoes of New those of the jilrtvue who are wealthy and strong believers in the supernatural pow- ers of the Voudooa. There arc colored men in Louisiana who have been educated and arc possessed of superior intelligence and thorough scientific of them extremely arc as much afraid of the Voudoosus the most ignorant field hands. Even white men of intelligence and high social posi- tion are in dread of the mysterious powers of the Voudoo practition- and frankly say that there is something strange and unaccounta- ble about the matter which they cannot and of which they stand in awe. Nothing positive is known in relation to the rites of but it is certain that its or as they arc. are its leading and exercise a much greater influ- ence than the males. The present Voudoo queen in New Orleans is a full-blooded and is sis- tnr of Harry member of t'uc Louisiana legislature from Rapidcs. A 'riJUU SNAKE STORY. the smybols of Voudoo ism the serpent holds a prominent and the Voudoos are credited with wonderful power over snakes of all kinds. A Louisiana planter of undoubted veracity re- lates tin instance of the power of which fell under his own observation. A party of field hands were engaged in gathering Spanish when a sudden scream arrested Ins and presuptly a negro boy came run- ning toward him with a rattlesnake bringing from his the poison ous reptile having its fangs firmly imbcdcd in his flesh. The boy's father caught the snake by the threw it on the and killed it. The case was a serious one. The planter was two or three miles from his and there was no time to procure medi- cal asssislance. Just then a couple of negroes came forward and of- fered to cure the boy. They first plunged his arm up to the shoulder in after which they took him into a were they passed some time in mysterious which no one was allowed to wit ness. The next morning the boy was about as and though he was somewhat affected with nausea for a day or his cure was com plete. Soon after this gentleman's overseer was bitten by a and although he had the best of medical in less than twelve hours he was a corpse. VOUDOO1NO A BATTLESNAKE. The same gentleman relates n still more rcnmrkublc story. As some of his hands were at work in the in turning over a Inrgo log they discovered an immense rattlesnake which had been hilling under it. The reptile at once showed fight. A distance away was a negro a half who was reputed to be a voudoo. The gentleman im- mediately sent for this and on her he told her to take up the snake. The instant she approached the reptile its rage appeared to it com- menced boring with its head in the as if trying to get out of sight. The negress walkod up to patted it on the anil handled it without it manifesting the least disposition to harm though only a minute before it was aggressive and furious. In this cane there was no possibility of de- as the snake was discover- ed by and the woman did not know of its existence until she was called by her master. After it was killed its fangs were and found to be of extraordinary length. VOUDOOISM IN INDIANA. Although the headquarters of rouduoism are in Louisiana and evidence of its influence crop out in regions far remote from those localities. A late num- ber of the Sit. Democrat tells a story to the clfect that one Joseph Able having some difliculty with a Samuel colored the former made a contract with the devil to place a snake in Painc's leg. Paine de clared that he suddenly felt the body of the serpent embedded in his and he knew at once that he was but had not the power to help himself. His wife exercised the snaKc by a poultice of red and succeeded in re- moving when it was found to be a foot in length. She says that it wriggled on the floor at but last she caught it and threw it on the fire. The truth of these statements was sworn to before a magistrate. THE DEVIL A POWER IN POLITICS. The influence exerted by the ex- perts in Voudooism over the colored people of the South is grcatcrthau can posibly be imagined by the Northerners. The delusion is preached against by ministers of all the Catholic Church has fought against it with- out avail. Devout Methodists and Baptists pray to be delivered from its but have no doubt as to the supernatural power of the priestesses. Planters pay Voudoo queens fees of from 8100 to 8500 and find the negroes they employ industrious and without they secure the good will of those personages they are in continued trouble with their hands. Schem- ing politicians make use of the same influence to effect their and throughout a largo portion of the South the through his ostensible is an acknowl- edged power in politics. Panther Hunting in Kentucky. A panther hunt took place in Kentucky a few weeks since. The appearance of wild animals near the town of Bethel alarmed the peo- ple of the and Messrs. Morri- Jeffries and organized a They three miles from a huge male measuring eight feet four inches from the end of his nose to the tip of the and weighing considera- bly over 200 though appa- rently poor in flesh his teeth were almost as his claws strong and sharp. He was com- paratively and was fully competent to master a half-grown i out-lniiTding of one who started in at least. The beast was life at the same with no great- killed near the residence of Mr. er but honesty and in Burgher. The country around is dustry built up that while very and the citizens say dissipation destroyed the they have frequently heard this panther during the post few months A Fearful Agon tot'Destruction. a French civil en- gineer nud has invented an engine cf war to which he has given tho name of Satan's Rockets. The following is n description of this formidable and infernal weapon of A tin receiver in the shape of a conical ball is placed at the end of an ordinary rocket. A chamber filled with a composition of which sulphide of carbon is the and which in combustion gives out a tremendous is placed in this a mutch connects the chamber with the end of the rocket. When about to be used the tin ball is filled with and then the rocket is shot ofi' in the ordinary wny. On iking the spot aimed rocket lights the composition inside the chamber fo instantly the ball bursts- and se'.s the petroleum anil a shower of fire falls and continues This rain of lire will cover a space of from twenty to twenty-five yards according to the size of the rocket. They are manufacturing three sinus. The first throws a quarter of si gallon of the sec- ond half a and the third a gallon. They can bu thrown three and a half miles. The aim is very and precision is obtained by means of a stick attached to the which preserves the inclina- tion given to the rocket at the mo- ment of firing. Experiments have been made against St. Cloud. In less than ten minutes a considerable extent of ground was covered with a sea of fire. A committee of artillery of- ficers witnessed those experiments. This committee has declared in view of the fearful effects of this engine of no civilized nation should use it except in and that it should be employed solely in the event of the Prussi- ans throwing shells filled with pe- troleum into as they did at Strasbourg. The committee of national de- fence has given the invention a place at and has order- ed the manufacture of these Satanic rockets on a large scale. Two hun- dred workmen arc employed. This force is soon to be and within a fuw days there will be a largo stoctc of these rockets on to use in case of necessity against tbe Prussians. No Jlome. No nifsforfuneT How sad the There are thousands who know nothing of the blessed influences of comfortable merely because of a want of or from dissipated Youth spont in frivolous amuse- ments and demoralizing associa- leaving them at middle when the physical and intellectual man should be in its greatest enervated and without one laudiblo ambition. Friends long since confidence and nothing to look to in old ago but a mere tol- eration in the community where they should be ornaments. No home to go to when wearied with the struggles incident to no wives to cheer them in their despon- no children to amuse and no virtuous household to give rest to the joys of life. All is blank and there is no hope of succor ex- cept that which is out by the hands of private or public charities. When the family of the industri- ous and sober citizen gather around the clieei fill fife of a wintry the homeless man is seeking a shelter in the cells of a station or begging for a night's rest in the giving vent to unearthly screams. Two little sons of Mr. hearing the clogs bark upon the side of the supposing a squir- rel had been and taking the went up to shoot it. In a few minutes they very much and declared there was an elephant up the and begged their father and Messrs. Morrison and T. B. who happened to be to go with them and see it. Having reached the they not an elo- but a huge resting quietly in the forks of a some some twenty feet from the ground. They did not approach very holding a hurried Mr. Morrison started immediately to town for men and while Mr. Harrison galloped off across the country for that veteran hunter Mr. Willis leaving Bur- his and dogs to keep watch over his panthership. Dur- ing their absence the panther kept occasionally giving utterance to a kind of low raising him- self brandishing his and and looking down with a contempt- uous eye upon the faithful dogs at the root of the tree. In a short time the reinforcements and assuming positions at various four of them fired at once into the left reserving the remaining barrel for an emergency. the shots were and with a dull heavy thud the panther fell to tbe his last expiring effort being to knock one of tho dogs about fifteen feet with his right arm. 'em Two years ago a rivalry existed between two hotels in Massachu- both houses running free coaches. One of the proprietors find put every available vehicle on the among which was one in a most dilapidated and which threatened dissolution at ev- ery bounce. The coach was driven to the and having secured ttvo the driver drove in triumph to the which he approached with a grand flourish of the whip and air of tiio greatest triumphs. Calling upon the waiter to open tho door and lot the pass- engers the coach 'was found to be tbe dickens arc said the as he looked in a glance of dropped through the bot- tom up here about a said a little fellow who had just drove old of the Bed picked 'cm up and carried 'em to his he said the rival by I knew I had 'cm some consolation in the other house had to be content with my Mormon physicians are for- under a penalty of and not less than a year's to prescribe any of the more powerful agents known to the medical .without first explaining to the patient and his friends tbeir medical and procuring the unqualified con sent of all concerned. Congressional Summary. Jan. 18 1871. bill to provide for the redemption of copper and other passed. Mr. from the Finance reported adversely on the allowing goods purchased prior to January to come under the old The Judicinrv Committee were directed to inquire how far Congress is authorized to regulate the fare and transportation on under the provision of Constitution to regulate com- ncrce between the Slates. Mr. Morton moved to refer the papers accompanying the President's mes- detailing outrages in the to a Special with power to send tor persons and japers for the purpose of inquiring as to their truth and to prepare neans to prevent them in the future. This motion led to a long debate on the condition of affairs n the South. Without reaching a vote the Senate adjourned. Swann reported a bill appropriating for the expenses of the joint Commission fix the north-west boundary. A passed changing the time of iolding the terms of the Circuit uid District Courts at La Crosse. The Legislative Appropriation Bill was passed. The amendment in- creasing the salaries of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and Associate Justices to and respectively was agreed. Mr. Sargent introduced a bill to enable the people of Utah to form a Constitution aitd State govern- and for its admission as a State into the Union. Jan. 1871. from the Committee of Naval re- ported the bill to abolish the oflices Admiral and Vice Admiral in the with an amendment that the offices shall continue until a vacancy occurs. The bill was passed. Mr. Hamlin introduced a bill to secure the cheap transportation of bread- stuffs and provisions from the West to the at uniform rates throughout the year. All bills ranting subsidies to steamship lines were made the special order for Friday of next week. Mr. Mor- ton's motion for a special com- mittee to investigate the condition of the South came up. Mr. Cas- serly's motion to refer the subject to the Judiciary Committee was re- jected. Mr. Morton's motion was then agreed to without a division. twenty or more first-class steam- together with machine Mr. Paine in- troduced a bill to allow imported riulroad iron to be transported in bond from the port of entry to the place where it is to be used. Mr. Peck introduced a resolution for an appropriation to improve the- Maumce above Toledo. Mr. Van from the Indian Com- reported a bill to provide for the consolidation of the Indian and to organize a system of government in tie Indian Ter ritory. After discussion tlie bill went over until Tusday next. Dat Two Dutch farmers at Kinder whose farms were were out in their respective when one heard an unusually loud hallooing in the direction of a gap in a high stone and ran with all his speed to the where the following brief conversation took vat is le says vas try ing to climb oa de tob of dish high and I fell and all de stone wall tutnhlc down unto me and has broked one of mine and both of mine smashed my ribs and dose pig stone lying on de top of mine says the you hollo so I tot you got ter toofache.'' Cnnijbalism in Paris. A Paris paper publishes a bill of fare for a dinner as it was given at the Jockey Club in the beleaguered ci- ty. It comprises horse soup and rat mule's liver with mush- and dog's leg and other delicacies of a compulsory to which might be added such as snails en the half had the bombardment been fairly begun at the time of the dinner. One of the however suggests the re- duction of the Parisians to a direr necessity than we had before con- since it represents the mem- bers of the Jockey elnb as dr.ven to canibalisnv THE WOOL TARIFF. All kiiidh ot Printing neatlv and anil ui moderate Can .andbee specimens. Terms of OO ejxeh iwldUiuiial week........ SO Business por voar........ O 00 half and column adver- tisements at the usual rutor. THE census has shown that there has been a most alarming increase in the number of adult persons in the United States who can neither read nor write. In 1840 there were who belonged to this class. In 1850 it had increased to In 1860 it had reached the portentious aggregate of and now we have the fearful figures raised to or nearly three njilions of our adult popula- tion who can neither read nor write. The Grant of the- Grand Rapids and Indiana Kailrord is through the heaviest pine land's in Michigan. value of these lands is esti- at Evils of Protection Exposed. Hon.Tlios. It may be the examples of the tariff I have adduced are cases of and that we cannot argue against the use of a thing from its abuse. Then we will con- sider the protection of wool and woolen which may be called lational if any may. The woolen manufacturers made ous gains during the war for -he and when peace came ihey sought to maintain their high prices. The breeders of fancy which they were selling as liigh some times as 8300 a were notoriously the first to stimu- late the farmers and wool-growers to form Wool-growers As- to get a high tariff on wool. The woolen manufacturers soon joined and they pro- ceeded to the impossible task of making wool dear and so enrich- ing the and making woolen goods dear and so enrich- ing the woolen manufacturers. They got a new tariff on wool and woolens in which was designed to keep out the cheap wools which had been formerly ad- and a tariff on woolen goods that beomed well nigh pro- hibitory. By this the cheap wools costing from 9 to 37 cents a were tariffed from 13 to 57 per cent. 'Woolen cloths for clothing were tariffed from 56 to 95 per cent. Carpets and druggets from 50 to 83 per cent. Wooolen rags 152 per cent. Dress goods from 44 to 75 per cent. Hosing 75 per cent. Blankets 92 per cent. Ready made clothing 54 per cent. They got this enormous protection this law to enable them to charge so much more for their they were burthen- ed with an internal revenue tax of six per on their manufac- tures but this six per was taken off next which relieved them of anual taxes eighty million dollars but the tariff remained aa before. If protection could foster indus- try surely here was pro- tection enough and yet the result has been most in raost departments of the wool industry. The act had hardly been when American wool began to de- cline in price. From 1827 to the average price of American washed was 42 cents 8 mills a year after the passage of the ht0 tariff on it fell to 35J in it was 43 cents in 30 cents 44-i but a pound of wool in 1870 would not buy so much in market as the same would in 1860. This depression in the price of wool so discouraged the wool- according to the Department of everywhere farmers parted with their fine wool some one the whole. In the Western States sheop that cost their owners large sums of money to im- prove the were allowed to die of some were slaugh- tered for their pelts and some were sold at 25 cents some were killed ami fed to the and in the United States there was a loss of four million sheep. The troubles of the woolen man- ufacturers began with their high the importation of foreign woolen goods steadily increasing. In 1867 there was more than twen- ty-one million dollars worth im- ported in 1867 we are officially informed that worth was and in 1869 942 worth. High duties encourage smug- gling. In 1865 there was impor- ted into of British woolen and in the year of our- big tariff on woolen what made these Canadians import por over their regular woolen goods immediately on the enactment of our big tariff on woolen goods these Canadian importations were smug- gled into the United States. It is the more unjust in because they might be sure we could not do if they had a high tariff. no. And it would not be right to suspect our own people of smug- gling across the Canadian The Philadelphia Record of Nov. says one hundred million dollars' worth of various goods is smuggled into this country in every year. Cape of Good New and Australian wools arc now practically excluded by our but they come fast enough into where cheap wools encour- age manufacturing. Those con- versant with the business predict that all these wools will be made into and travel over the Canadian lines without payment of duties. The principal reason why the manufacture of woolen goods is so depressed here is because the man- ufaefurer is limited in his choice of wools. The multitudinous kinds of woolen goods made all over the world depend on a grout variety ol wools arid their but here the manufacturer is restricted mainly to American merino with which he cannot make the 1 best face goods. If he had German or Australian wool lor he could shut out foreign competition in the liner.kinds of as well as in the coarser in which latter he keeps the but Ilie turiir on foreign wools kills therefore he contents himself with coarser giving a face with shoddy. But the market for this shoddy stuff is and when the manufacturer has filled it he turn to anything else. got up where they woods of the most beautifal quality. But they are made for show and not for they are made in part from imported and cannot be made for prices that will com- mand the on account of the high tariff on wool. If I have made myself under- I have sufliciently explained why both wool-growers aud woolen manufacturers are depressed The because after killing off four million they still of- fer more wool than the limited wants of the manufacturer aud they cannot export be- cause they cannot compete with free trade countries. The msufacturer is restricted in the choice of and in this condition the making his goods out Df free trade steps in with his superior undersells spite of the tariff. The best exposition of the diffi- culties under which the woolen manufacturers labor is found in the letter of Edward Harris a woolen manufacturer of Rhode Island. He shows how the tariff on his materials kills him. The foreign clothing wool he requires is tariffed from I10 to 120 per on olive oil 25 cents a on for fuel and motive per ton on for clean- ing 123 per on dye- and other articles.an average of 40 per cent. The effect of all these tariffs is to enhance the cost of manufacture 76 per while the tariff on the finer kinds of woolen goods is only 50 per giving an advantage to the foreigner of 26 pet- cent. it is plain thai the woolen manufacturer needs to have his foreign olive teas- and everything else he works clear of all and then he could defy coinpetetion. If he can stagger alone with 26 per against give him free trade and he will be master of the situa- tion. And how about the is he to lose protection by the free admission of foreign wool is pretty much kept but fine woolen-goods come in plentiful enough at 50 per and this must govern the price of the far- mers' wool. The farmers would find an increased demand for tbeir if the woolen-mauufacturera were flourishing. It is pleasing to reflect that all woolen-manufacturers are not struggling. There are three or four blanket manufacturers East of us who do pretty well. Blankets are tariffied. according to from 61 to 92 per cent. The quantity imported in 1867 was quite and for the last the New York World one has been imported. An ordinary pair of blankets sells for which is a pair more than we could get them if it Were not for the tariff. New. if we allow two million new blankets a year to forty million of these three or four blanket manufacturers wilt get out of us more thaa a fair price. There is another department of the woolen manufacturer that is very but I cannot tell to what extent. There are three or four carpet manufacturers East of us who have a patent for a car- pet-weaving which gives them a monopoly against their and as the taiiff on carpets of from 50 to 64 per cent. keeps out the foreigner to some they make a good thing of it. The chief man among these carpet-machine weavers is one he has written a book to show what a good thing protection is. ___ WHAT DOES HE the correspondent of tbe Cincinnati has been reprimanded by somebody for not speaking respectfully of President Grant. Don in reply for the President has no respect for the I have.no re- spect for the President. It is for His Excellency to keep np his and if he fails it is. only that I am released from any effort at ito but I feel it my duty to dissent. it is in- cessantly reported about Wash- ington that the President's official irregularities may be largely traced to artificial and it fa even stated that he has been OTCF and over again incapacitated for considerate attention to IF we apply ourselves to wisdom we shall never without true but learned with everything. We should be pleased with poverty for not having much to care and ob- ccurity for being unenvied. buff woman who has six been divorced from the same and widow. SWSPAPERf   

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