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Bismarck Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 15, 1945, Bismarck, North Dakota thought lot The divine power moves with dll- ttcutty, but at the same time surely. THE BISMARCK TRIBUNE North Dakota's Oldest 1873 The Weather- Mostly fair and colder this afternoon and tonight, dimin- ishing wind; Friday fair and continued cold. Low tonight high Friday above. VOLUME 39 BISMARCK, N. D., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1945 PRICE FIVE CENTS Russ Race Across Germany With Aid of Mighty Allied Air Blows Canadians Smash to Rhine 2SS" .HitiWith rar aryzing rorce For Major Gains Drive Threatens fo Outflank Ruhr Munitions Center 'ought through flood waters ,o the west bank of the Rhine >pposite Emmerich Thursday ind swung slowly along the lorthern end of the Rhine val- ey in a drive behind the Sieg- 'ried line threatening to out- lank the Ruhr munitions in- lustries. The 20-mile Kleve front was the ply active one in the west. On its bath flank, British empire troops rushed a series of violent German ounterattacks and pressed close to Is key defense bastions of Goch .nd Calcar. Nowhere was there evidence that he Canadians were attempting to TOSS the wide Rhine, The offense ilready has overrun 120 square nulas, nost of it in Germany. more and more Germans were drawn Into the semi-aquatic battle which steadily was turn- ing the German flank In the north. Barrages from hundreds upon undreds of Field Marshal Mont- omery's big guns and huge fleets f Allied planes paralyzed every Ger- lan attempt to regain ground and xacted terrible casualties. Nonethe- iSS, tfte threat was BO real to the iuhr and Hhineland, the very heart f the German war effort, that Field larshal Walther von Model mus- ired every reserve he could scrape. The Rhine was reached at Huren- eich. There the river is normally ,270 feet wide but breaches in dykes i the desolate lowlands have made even more imposing. Kfere and west of Emmerich, the Rhine was as wide as the English chan- nel between- Calais and Dover and flood waters were eight feet deep, leaving only Islands of sunken villages. The Canadians used amphibious tanks to ad- vance, Three of Gen. Eisenhower's arm- to the south watched a gradual icession of floods on the Roer river arring their path to the Cologne lain. Still farther south and near le center of the western front, the iiierican Third army made quarter ille advances to within eight miles t Bitburg, where .seven military Ighways meet. Alsace was quiet. Jugoslav government n Exile to Belgrade LONDON Prime Minister inn Subaslc and other members the Yugoslav govemment-ln- ntinue until a general election can i held. Tokyo Admits Bombing Damage (AP) Superfortresses rained fire and explosives anew on Ja- pan's home island Thursday, and War Secretary Stimson said Nippon's "diminishing area of conquest offers no se- cure safety anywhere." Almost simultaneously ihe war department announced that a new group of the giant bombers now is operating from Tinian island in the Mar- ianas. Tokyo radio acknowledged damage to the important in- a fleet of 60 B29s. The enemy account said the planes loosed their explosives and incen- diary bombs also in Mie pre- fecture across Atsuta bay from Nagoya. confirmed reconnaissance pic- tures showing the dismant- ling of the important factories. Tokyo said the plants are be- ing moved to Manc.huria. A week ago Stimson told Discussing the reporters that although air ress -blows- against the Jap- anese homeland at his news conference, Stimson said: "The Japanese admit the present damage to their in- dustry and the certainty of much greater damage in the future when they speak of moving airplane factories and other vital plants to Man- dustrial city of Nagoya from, churia." Enemy accounts have attacks had been doing dam- age to enemy industry, "Ja- pan's productiveness has not yet been fundamentally weak- ened." Today he said damage in- flicted on an aircraft factory at Ota last week was "seri- ous." In announcing the new Tinian base, Gen. H. H. Ar- Brutal Atrocities Reported In Ruined, EmbattlecLManila i (AP) skies black from new enemy demolition destruction, Amer- ican troops cautiously tight- ened an inevitable death noose Thursday on Japanese so des- perate they cold-bloodedly shot and bayonetted civilians in South Manila. Yanks of three divisions closed in on the enemy, fighting for each street intersection, amid a flood of front line reports of Japanese at- rocities matching the of Nan- king. The Americans had to move care- fully so as not to kill civilians within the Japanese lines. Front line ac- counts told of the enraged Japanese Reich Industry Threatened shooting and bayoneting the un- armed civilians at their mercy. Flames Sweep Old City Explosions and flames swept the oH Intramuros, the Ermlta and Ma- late districts along the Manila bay shore south, of the Paslg river mouth. The devastation, wrought by demoll- tlon charges, threatened to equal HOLLAND EindKovef that which ravaged the Escolta bus- iness district north of the river. The doomed Japanese, holed up primarily in the Intramuros, where some walls are 40 feet thick at the base, were weakened but still fight- ing. Japanese artillery fire fell off markedly alter American big guns. nold, said it "will increase the scope of bombing operations against Japan." He added that with head- quarters of the 21st command established on Guam and the original bases on Saipan in full operation, jor islands of the Marianas group now become an impres- sive center of B29 operations in the Pacific." Aside from reporting that a force of Marianas-based B29s hit Honshu Thursday, the war department's first an- nouncement of the newest strike gave no details. Coghlan Conviction Upheld on Appeal ST. LOUIS, MO. The U. S. circuit court of appeals Thursday affirmed the conviction of Joseph Coghlin, Bismarck, N. D., attorney, on U counts of making false peti- tions for farmers and omitting in- formation relative to personal prop- erty holdings of farmers so that they could qualify under the Frazler- Lemke farm bankruptcy act, Coghlan had been sentenced to two years Imprisonment on each of the 11 counts. Coghlan has sought a directed ver- dict of not guilty. He contended that he did not act as an agent of the .farmers and that the ommisslon of the farmers' applications did not con- stitute concealment of assets on his (Coghlan's) part. The appellate court found that he- was an agent of the fanners and that his being an attorney at law did not render him immune to pun- ishment. "A license to practice the court ruled, "is not a license to commit a crime." The original indictment of Cogh- lan was returned by a North Da- kota federal district court grated Jury Aug. 5, 1942 and Coghlan was tried In federal district court at Bis- marck in the spring of 1944, and convicted, Shaded areas show possible Allied drives into German industrial areas In ths' Rhineland and the Ruhr. Canadian First Army forces (1) advanced on Emmerich in their offensive at the north- -errr end ot the linei, while S. Third Army (2) drove through Pruem. i_ 10 n j DOIlu Churchill Cheered ly Athens Throng Prime Min- ter Churchill arrived here by plane Wednesday and received a stirring in Constitution square as he thnrte. Athenians to "let party atreds die" and promised personal f operation in the rehabilitation of reece. "These are great Churchill tic the assemblage. "These are the jys when darkness rolls away and le future lies before your country I "There has been much misunder- i undlng ind ignorance of our corn- on and misrepresentation of sues fought out here in Athens. "Speaking as an Englishman, I am >ry proud of the part the British played in protecting this 1m- ortal city from violence and an- 'AM Leaders Okay 'eace Agreement By the Associated Press The central committee of the EAM sometliiiig to stimulate bond sales National Liberation FronO Wed- during the Interval between the big. nisht approved unanimously! special campaigns which c-me along enemy-held sector Tuesday and Wednesday. Troops of the 37th division, bear- thb tt.p brunt of the house-by-house onslaught, Wednesday reached the University of the Philippines cam- pus, a half mile from the high com- missioner's residence on the bay front. Japs Hold Hospital The Japanese still held the Gen- eral hospital nearby, however, and the American position was untenable. The hospital has been converted Into one of the enemy's strongest positions. Associated Press Correspondent Fred Hampson jaid -the enemy was confined to an area about yards by yards. "Gen. Douglas MacArthur said In his communique Thursday that the 37th Infantry, First cavalry and llth airborne divisions were "grad- ually compressing the circle on the trapped enemy garrison." (George Thomas Folster of NBC broadcast that men, women and children had been burned to death in houses fired by the Japanese, and killed if they fled the flames. He said some civilians had been bay- oneted or hacked to death with sabers in "this wanton mass mur- der." (CBS Reporter John Adams said Japanese atrocities in South Man- i ila "undoubtedly will go down in his- tory as a darker chapter than the rape of Nanking." He said army photographers documenting some i of the atrocity incidents found, at one South Manila intersection, "the bodies of 26 civilians, of which nine were babies. It appeared that gll. had been bayoneted, and many of them with their hands tied behind their backs. It was the same story WASHINGTON (IP] Crndr In other parts of-the Harold E. Stassen, named by Presi- On Bateau, 38th division tanks dent Roosevelt to the American captured Abucay in an 11-mile drive delegation to the San Francisco down the east coast of the bitterly world security conference, is in contested Jungle peninsula. Washington. Sen. MagnusoniD, Corregidor fortress took another, Wash.) told reporters Stassen ar- heavy bombing as- Liberators un- i rived Thursday. The former Re- I loaded 107 tons on coastal batteries, I publican governor of Minnesota has already pounded virtually into use- I been serving on the staff of Adm- Sinatra Would Like To Sing for Troops NEW YORK Frank (The Voice) Sinatra, who still is in that nebulous state somewhere between 4-F and 1-A, Intends to hit the fox- hole circuit this June as an enter- tainer if the army reject.-: him. George Evans, the crooners' press agent, said Sinatra had offered his services as an entertainer to the army and the USO, both of which considered it prudent to await the results of last week's medical exam. Asked how he thought servicemen would receive songs by reed-shaped j'rank, idol of the bobby-soxers, Evans replied: "Why forty per cent of Sinatra's overseas mail is from service men who ask when he is coming. They're craz., about him." American heavy bombers carrying out one of the greatest offensives of the war, blast-1 (AP) German military spokesman said ed Dresden again Thursday and Thursday Russian tank and cavalry forces, smashing ahead bombed the clogged raiiyards of cott-117 miles in 24 hours, had crossed the Neisse river in an area bus only 12 miles from a sector injonj gg from Berjin in the ddve Qn the German cap. which Russian spearheads were re- ital from the southeast. Other spearheads, Moscow dispatches said, had raced 22 American miles in the offensive west of Breslau and reached Goerlitz on the Neisse only 53 miles east of Dresden and were now bat- ported operating. Still another force heavy bombers again of synthetic oil plant outside Magde- burg, 75 miles southwest of the smok- tling for bridgeheads in southern Germany. ing German capital. beratora with 450 fighter escorts was had been almost paralyzed. Marshal Ivan Konev's steadily reinforced blows fell with i a speed and success whlchluggrated trfaT German resistance making these attacks, the German radio sounded new alarms. Fresh formations of Allied bombers were reported flying in over Holland and also from the south over Austria. The attacks brought to about thus far the number of planes which have linked the eastern and western battlefronts under a blanket of explosives and incendiaries in the last 48 hours. Frontline reports said tactical air- craft, also, were having another great field day against Nazi road movements. Allied bombers continued one of their greatest offensives just ahead of the Soviet columns. 650 Japanese Internees Are Brought Here Six hundred and 50 Japanese in- ternees have been transferred to the Ft. Lincoln internment camp here from the war relocation authority lamp at Calif., Coy, officer in charge of alien de- tention here, said Thursday, The 655 arrived Wednesday. McCoy said other Information could not1 be re- leased at the present time. Sweep Entrance To Manila Bay By the Associated Press More than 20 American mine- sweepers swept an entrance to Man- ila bay Tuesday under cover of a naval and air bombardment, the Japanese Dome! news agency re- ported Thursday in an unconfirmed dispatch saying "some ten enemy transports" were believed to be fol- lowing for a seaborne thrust at Manila." The Dome! dispatch, recorded by the Federal Communications Com- mission, said 11 U. S. warships en- gaged in an artillery duel with Cor- regldor's remaining big guns while the minesweepers went to work on the channel lying between the rock- like fortress and Bataan. Simultaneously Maj. Gen. Ma- senorl Ito, one of Japan's leading military commentators, discounted the worth of Manila. Dome! quoted him as saying it was of "no strategic value" and should not be defended to tin last man." Stassen in Capital Appointment of E. D. Salzman as chairman of a special committee to direct a bend drive by the American Legion was announced Thursday by Don MePhee, commander of the local post. Other members of the committee are S. S. Boise, Milton Rue, James F Vadnle and Kenneth W. Simons "The quota for the American Le- gion and it-s auxiliary In Bur'.eigh county is said Salzman "If we raise It, we will have donci Boys Vote Ban on Jeans-Wearing Gals TULSA. tent' any fun to take a girl out on a date when she looks like your kid the boys club of Tulsa junior high school told girl students. Those girls who wear Jeans were informed they'd have to walk alone Besides the boys like jeans, too, and the girt are buying out the shipments. tessness. William F. Halsey. Marshall's Visit Bouys 5th Army's Spirits WITH THE FIFTH ARMY IN ITALY Gen. George C. Mar- shall, making a surprise tour of the Italian front, told Fifth army sol- diers Wednesday that they have im- mobilized large German forces in Italy, preventing these Nazi troops from bolstering sagging lines on i the eastern and western fronts. It is estimated the Nazis have 27 divisions in Italy. Marshall's statement was an ob- vious tonic to the Fifth army troops, many of who have been overseas battling the Axis more than three years. The U. S. army chief of staff made an unexpected, three-day tour of the Fifth's sector on his way home from the Crimean conference It was Marshall's first visit to the Italian See Relaxation of Italian Armistice LONDON A joint British and American statement relaxing Italian armistice terms to some ex- tent was reported in the offing Thursday as Paris dispatches de- clared President Roosevelt was ex- pected to visit Rome before return- ing to Washington. It was predicted the statement would promise greater economic aid to Italy and lift some of the Allied control of administrative affairs. An Associated Press dispatch Wednesday night from Rome de- clared it was understood there declaration would be announced soon in Washington and London. This dispatch said agreement on the new status for Italy was reported to have been reached after the British steadfastly refused an American suggestion that the present armis- tice be scrapped. The new pronouncement was be- lieved in Rome to keep Italy still definitely in the category of a con- quered country. Some Italian offi- cials are said to have advocated full elimination of the armistice agreement on the ground Jit consti- tutes a psychological impediment to full Italian collaboration In fight- ing the Nazis. Ground Force Losses Since D-Day WASHINGTON Army ground forces on the Western Front lost men from D-Day last June to Feb. 1. In reporting this Thursday Sec- retary of War Stimson said that 410 were killed, wounded and missing. This report reflected an increase In casualties on the Western front of in January, including killed, wound- ed and missing. Simultaneously, Stimson reported that the army's casualties in all theaters since the beginning of the war now are on the basis of names compiled In Washington through Feb. 7. Linked with the navy's latest re- port of losses of this puts local American combat losses at an increase of since last week's report. front since June and he made senate vote on Wallace's confirma- 15 stops. To Dedicate New Church Sunday Nazarenes Move Building From Flasher, Reconstruct It Here George Bill Passes First House Hurdle WASHINGTON W) Demo- crats barely won their first house test Thursday on the senate-passed George bill, key to confirmation of Henry A. Wallace as secretary of a trimmed-down commerce depart- ment. The house 202 to 192 to pro- ceed with consideration of the bill to rip the multi-billion dollar RFC out of the commerce office prior to a tion. Two minor party members joined 200 Democrats on the test vote while 18 Democrats aligned with 174 Re- publicans in opposition. The Berlin military spokesman said, Konev's free-wheeling col- umns had reached the military highways northwest and southwest of Forst, 65 miles from Berlin. Armies Loosely Joined Forst is on the west side of the Neisse, 12 miles east of Cottbus and 40 miles north of Goerlitz. The Germans, said Konev had established a "loose connection" with Marshal Gregory Zhukov's forces fighting east of Berlin, where they have established bridgeheads over the Oder south of Fuersten- berg. Fuerstenberg is 27 miles north of Forst. To the south Konev apparently had bypassed the Important railway junction and stronghold of Kohl- furt in his 22-mile jump from Bunz- lau to Goerlitz on the Neisse, last natural barrier before Dresden. tl Goerlitz, is a five-point trunk rail- way center. Pravda first announced Konev's thrust to the Neisse, the last major water barrier before Dresden. Its correspondent said whole groups of German towns had been captured, by-passed or sealed off in a specta- cular 22-mile advance, The speed of the drive indicated Nazi resistance in that sector was The new successes of Konev's troops left the Silesian capital of Breslau surrounded some 45 miles behind the Soviet vanguards. Moscow announced that Marshal Zhukov's First White Russian army had completed the conquest of the holdout fortress of Schneidemuehl, 15 miles behind the Soviet lines in Pomerania killing more than Germans and capturing after a two weeks siege. Spies Death Sentence To Receive Review review of the death sentence imposed on William Curtis Colepaugh and Erich Gimpel will follow as part of established pro- cedure in the spy trial just conclud- ed by a seven-man military commis- sion. The commission found the two men quilty Wednesday and sentenced them to death by hanging. Maj. Gen. Thomas A. Terry, com- manding general of the second serv- ice command, will review the find- Ings and send them to Washington for inspection by a board of revifft. Then the commission's decision wffl go to President Roosevelt.. The commission, holding hearings as both judge and jury since Feb. G, on historic governors island, deliber- ated less than three hours. The men were adjudged quilty on all three counts: they violated the law of war by secretly landing be- hind our defense lines from a sub- marine; they acted as spies and they conspired to commit espionage and sabotage. Taciturn, German-born Gimpel, 35, heard the verdict without emo- tion and later told the commission through his counsel he thought he had recevied "a most fair and im- partial trial." Colepaugh, Connecticut-bom and 26-year-old, also showed no emotion. Jap Position in China Gets Worse K peace agreement which Its re- and the Greek govern- ent signed earlier this week, an regularly, the next of which Is due about June. "The Is sclieduled to ex- tend from Feb 1 to Mar. 31 and if _ American Uomoers Hit Japs' Home Island By the Aisociatcd Press Sixty American Superfortresses raided the Important manufactur- in- home The First Church of the Nazarene an- nounces the opening and dedication of its new church home located at 601 Ninth St. Not having had a building of its own and feeling the great need for_proper_ facilities for successfully carrying on its work, the con- gregation purchased a church building in Flasher early in April, 1944. modious, uell equipped and neatly designed church building. Rev. Teare states the the first services in the new building will be held Sunday, Feb. Northern Minnesota By the Associated Press i A blizzard swept the northern half of Minnesota Thursday, blocking i transportation The weather bureau forecast that the storm would move into the southern half of the state during the 18. There will be a Communion service at 11 a. m., preceded by Sunday School at 10 o'clock. The dedication service will be held at Gen. Al- bert C. Wedemeyer, commander of American forces in the China thea- ter, declared Thursday the Japanese position in China is steadily grow- ing more unfavorable and express- ed optimism over the military out- look. At the same time Wedemeyer voiced a hope that government and communist leaders would be able to reconcile their differences in order to expedite the war effort. Meanwhile, Communist Negotiator Chou En-Lai returned to Yenan Thursday after negotiations here during which the government's pro- r 'he immediate and exact appllca- on cf the said the Under the personal supervision of the city of Nagoya bn the Japanese j pastor, Rev. Laten E. Teare, the building was ,me island of Honshu Thursday. fa t Bismarck and, re_ said constructed here. Facing what many might Domel news agency reporting the have considered insurmountable difficulties, Rev. Teare and the men of his congregation. AM broadcast from Greece declared tend irom reo i 10 Mar. ji mm u name isiana 01 nonsnu uiuisuay, i j..w_ Qnj tfl hursday "Measures are being taken we are going to do this job we'll have, a Japanese Imperial communique tv to get Salzman said he would call remittee to meet soon and outline j communique in a broadcast inter- NOSTALGIA WALLACE. -A South iclfic soldier wrote he'd rented s copy of a plr-up for a cltlf reading 1 could have got be added. N E W SVAPEIlfl IC H i V f plan of action which he is confid-1 -eoted b> the Federal Communlca- ent will "deliver the goods" i tion.s Commission, said the B29s also struck at places in Mie Prefecture ARTIST DIES acrosi Atsut- bay from Nagoya STROUD ENGLAND _ 11 Sir The Japanese conceded incendiary Vllllam Rothenstein 73. one ot Crl-1 and high explosive bombs caused lair s foremast artists, died. damage assisted by many interested friends, worked after hours, often far into the night, Lo bring the work to completion. As a result of faith, hard work and perseverance, there st. Js today at Ninth St., and Avenue B, a com- Ive to 35-mile winds much a.s a foot of new snow Into drifts, and with snow still p. m., with Rev, A. G. Jeffries of Fargo, falling heavily, the state highway i chou rcw proposals by the superintendent of the North Dakota district I Apartment pulled its snowpiows on bu[ sald ne doubted of the Church of the Nazarene, delivering the i tumi near the his party would accept them dedication sermon and conducting the formal I dedication ceremony. The evening service, at will be the opening of a two-weeks evangelistic campaign, with Rev. Jeffries as evangelist. The pastor of the congregation expresses Hart Sworn in as Benublican Senator a unif'ed high command and would not accep' a compromise WASH INGTON I'l Adm i ir.. a sincere desire that many will be present at Thomas c Han wav sworn ,n Tnu the dedication vival services. and attend the enduing re- day n.s a Republican Connecticut. PICS HAS INFLUENZA VATICAN PlUl XII Is suffering from Influenza and audiences hue been temporarily rator from r announced Thurs- 1 a"
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