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Rocky Mount Evening Telegram Newspaper Archive: May 24, 1953 - Page 1

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   Rocky Mount Evening Telegram (Newspaper) - May 24, 1953, Rocky Mount, North Carolina                                 -7—r  TELEGRAM PHONBi Dial 5161: Clrcutation-Bookkeeplnf Dial 5162! Society, Sunday News Dial 5163:,News and Sports Dial 5164: OistMay-Classlfiei« Adf.  THE ROCKY MOUNT  Sunday Telegram  Weather  Fair ta paitl? cloudy aad m«&> er today and tonight.  VOL. XLII—NO. 207  THIRTY SIX  Hages •loday  FIVE SECTIONS  ROCKY MOUNT, N. C. SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 24, 1953  DAILY 5c—SUNDAY 15c—WEEKLY 35c  I Socialist Asked  Canád^n Home Destroyed By Tornado  4  f  To Create New French Cabinet  French Growing Alarmed At Weak Govt., Leadership  PARIS. May 23 (iV-President Vincent Aurlol today called in Guy Mollet, Secretary general of the French Socialist parly, in an effort to get a Cabinet to succeed-that of Premier Rène Mayer, which •the Socialists helped to oust; Thursday. Mollet deferred his reply»  'There were growing indical'pns, as Auriol searched for a, iiew premier, that many parliamentarians were becoming tired and alarmed "by the feeble management of France in the postwar years.  Mayer a Radical (moderate) — Socialist lasted only a little more thaii frur mon .i-,. His rather cmi-servat.ve co'''i'i.i'i! was Princo'-s ISth eovernm-nt since Pavis^wps libetited from the Germa.is in IM.  ■ To most cl;tr''i-!s, Aurio'.'s move to get Mollet in the prim ersaip appeared to be a routine The. Socialists hsve balked at, the proposed rearmament of West Germany under the six-nation European Army Treaty. With their 105 deputies making up the largest single grouu in the National Assembly, they have pre- SEOUL, Sunday, May 24 (/Pi—An fered to stay out of recent cabl- ! Ainerican honorably ' discharged  Rescuers search through the wreckage of aidetnolished home that once stood in this quiet neighborhood oi Sarnia, Ontario. Canada, before a tornado ripped through the city. May 21.  Soldier Faces Murder Charge  i  nets. They have been in definite opnosition to the last two.  Socialists, Communists and De GauIJists were allied against Mayer's government in the vote of confidence by which it was toppled 328-244. Mayer had demanded power to bypass the Asseinbly in trimming the national spending down to a level to fit the taxes he hoped to raise.  Mollet served as vice p'emier under Radical Sociaüíit Hsnri Oueu.:e in 1931. Earlier thit yp?r he had tried himself to term a Cabinet In one of France's many fcrises, but failed to get parlia-Imentary approval of the ministers he wished to appoint. It is not certain that he will try again. He may reply tomorrow.  The most popula r Premier France has had in recent years, Antoine Pinay, was another pos.si-bility. He is an independent. Members oí Parliament and old new-s-paper hands covering the Assembly ."=aid it was more likely he would wait awhile before r.;si!ming the prenfiership from w.nicli he was ousted fiv^ months ago  He tûld. neiswaenL as leCt for •lis I'ome in Gentval France for the long Pentecost week end that he AVDUld b^'wiling to com^fe .bácfcJ'íP I am given .the means" m meet the government's problems:  "Thé powers refused to M. Rene Maver are. much less than -vould ' be .'really needed," he said.  Criticism of France's confused interior and foreign policy came both from Frenchmen and from-I abroad.  Spokesmen for the land-owning Peasant party, AVhose influe'.ice n!\r, grown in recent months, declarec: "We are coming to a time when ' France must accomplish -some deep (interior) reforms and. decide what its position is to be in international afalrs."  Ex-Red Says Soviet To Attack EUirope In 1955  from the Air Force nearly six months ago was under heavy guard today in a.Taegu prison stockade awaiting court martial on charges of murder after being arrested in a Pittsburgh, Pa., steel plant and flown back to Korea.  ■r^he steel worker, Robert W. Toth, 21i is accused of slaying a South Korean civilian back in September. 1352. .  Considerable secrecy shrouded the first such return of a former member of\, the armed force,s to military custody for court martial under the uniform code of military justice.  Under the code, effective June 1, 19.51, an ex-service man can 'be arrested for court martial if the often.se is punishable by ImpVison-mont of five year.s or more and he- cannot be .tried in civilian courtiS. /!  Toth was arrested quietly while at work in the steel plant May 1.53. He arrived back in Korea five days later. Washington disclosed the case Friday, May 22.  Toth's - mother Mrs. Jacob Mert7.. said in Pittsburgh that the military police acted with such .unr expected suddenness, .that frantic calls by relatives for a time-iailed to find him; then ■membèrs of tiif family had to hurry out to Pittsburg airport to pick up Toth's work clothes. He already was back in uniform.'  The Air Force said, however» that Toth had not been whisked away from Pittsburgh before seeing relatives.  "He talked to his father and a brother before he left," a spokesman said.  The spokesman also said Toth was offered the right to demand counsel in the United States but declined.  Air Force source,-; were mum about where Toth landed in Korea See SOLDIER Page 2A  Red Offered To Trade Freedom  By B. L. LIVINGSTONE  WASHINGTON May- 23 i/P)— A former Czech army officer, trained in Soviet military strategy, has informed the House Un-American Activities Committee of alleged Russian plans to launch war in Europe "before 1955."  the Russian decision to "take over Western Europe," the com-mittee was told, is predicated on •  Washington, May 2:1 (/n—Less than a week before William Oatls Soviet suspicion that Britain  ike May Crack Down On Foes Of Budget Cut  Opponents Fear Weak Air Force Can Hurt Security  By .TACK BELL WASHINGTON, May 23 (i)-Sen. Ferguson tR-Mich) indicated today President, Eisenhower's military prestige will be invoked in an effort to quell a threatened senatorial rebellion against proposed Air Force money cuts.  Ferguson's observation came as some Republicans appeared ready to join Democrats in protesting against the administration's decision to slash five billion dollars off the Air Force appropriations asked by former President Tr^I-man.  Among these GOP members, Sen. Young of North Dakota said he fears the proposed economies will leave the U. S. with an Air Force inferior to Russia's "And I don't think we can afford to let that happeny"  "We can'i match the Russians in the number of men ,t)>ey can put into armies but we can certainly do it in the air and should," he declared.  Ferguson, who heads a Senate appropriations subcommittee con-isidering defense requests, said he believes the facts to be brought out in hearings will demonstrate that the Air Force will' be built up faster under the teisenhoiver administration's program than under plans laid down by the Truman administration.  "I believe that when the facts are all known, most of the senators will' go along with the President on this because he is a military expert and his judgment must be trusted," the Michigan senator  Allies  With  Set To Resume Talks Last Ditch Truce Plan  Smiles After Tidelands Signing  Carolina - Made 'Nike' Will Be Placed Around Key U. S; Areas  was released from a Czechpslovak-ian prison, a former. Ciech Army officer offered to exchange his own freedom for the release of the Associated Press correspondent.  The offer was made by "Col. Jan Bukar" to.the House Un-American Activities Committee at a-closed-door session May 14. His testimony was made public today.  Col. Bukar. w^iose true identity was kept .secret, fled to this country in December. 1952, after being ti-ained in a Russian military school.  The witness criticized negotiations (theri still in progre.ss) for Oatis' release as a .demonstration oi ■ "diplomalid, weakness" and offered himself as a hostage to the Kremlin.  In a foreward to the record of Bukar's testimony, the committee noted that Qatis was relea.sed by Czechs May 16 arid observed there wais "nothing unusual about Wil-liajn Oatls  "In nlyhig his trade in the normal American manner, Oatls was charged with violation of the espionage law's of Czechoslovakia. He was found guilty anrt sentenced to imprisonment for lO years."  Bukar said the Czechs kept Oatis in jail for two years in an effort to"psychologically liquidate' any Czech resistance to their Communist leaders. He added:  "The underground of Slovakia has serious misgivings in the case of Oatis, in thinking that the democratic West does not protect its own citizens.  1  By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON, May 23 l/P)-De~ tails of the Army's program tn spot gtlaed missile anti-aircrai. units . around major U. S. citiss came to light today, including ths fact that oome batteries will b'i located underground.  Information which became avail-■ able for the first time showed the Army will require an average of 96 acres for a battalion using the Nike missile to protect industrial, port and government centers against any swift, high flying enemy bombers.  Here are some of the other hith-ertd secret details:  Twelve launchers will be used in above ground installations ta fire the 1,000-mile-an-hour riiissiles which, the Army claims, has an uncanny accuracy against even other guided missiles or supersonic aircraft. For above-ground bases, the Army will need 96 acres to deploy the weapons in proper firing position.  ground installations. The acreage specified m these installations ?s 24, but this is assumed to refer only to the surface area, not implying that the actual bomb-proof dugouts would involve that acreage.  Above-ground launchers will .cj placed in revetments (earthworks) to help protect them against strafing attacks.  Specifications for sites require that they be adaptable- to ràdar use for detection and ..tracking of enemy bombers, be clear of obstructions ior the take-off of the missiles and, if .oossible, have natural features to aid in camouflage of the sites. The' sites also will-include underground storage facilities, magazines and housing for troops.  Except tor details made avail-, able today and two previous announcements, the Ar-my has been officially silent about guided missile defenses.  'Nike batteries will be set up  preparingr "a definite attack iti destroy the Soviet Uniop" In' 1955,. ■ • - ;  . The testimony, given in a se-? cret committee session May 13' and 14, was made public today in' an unusual volume entitled, "Soviet Schedule for War, 1955."  The witness is identified a.<(. Cpl. Jan Bukar—a name which Chainnan Vclde (R-Ill) .sajct wus assumed to hide his true identity' as a Czech partisan  Ther were signs that some Re-pubican members of the .subcommittee other than Young were critical of the propo.sed cuts.  Sen. Margaret Chase Smith (R-Me) addressed a series of sharp questions to Secretary of Defence Wilson. Sen. Thye (R-Minn) said his support or opposition to the cut would depend on clearer ari-•Swers by Pentagon officials to vital questions about aircraft, costs and other matters.  Led by Senator Hill of Alabama and Maybank of South Carolina  fighter against the Germans Jnl Democrats already are out in the World War II. t^open with their battle against the  The 'year, 1955, is the same 'Eisenhower administration's re-  . — .. ___t. 2 • _ ________• J A MM M n ^ *  year which former President Harry S. Truman and his fe-p advisers listed as'the period *^'"  the .• greatest, , oi atts  fiWrRUssra; ' ' / .  President Ei.senhower has. scoffed at this idea, disclaiming any faith in what he called magical formulas.  Attacking Truman's defense planning as a "crazy quilt" program, Eisenhower told reporters at a news conference April 30:  "We reject the idea that we must build up to a maximum attainable strength for some specific date theoretically fixed for a specified time in the future."  He said he did not believe anyone could predict when, if ever, another government would See RUSSIA Page 2A  Nine launchers will be in under-'See NIKE Page 2A  commended slashes.  Maybank has demanded that Gen. Hoyt S. VandenlserR, retiring '4ir Porc?r\chief, and Gen. Carl Spaatz. former head, be called for testimony. ' . v.»  Maybank .said in a leU&fltS'Ferguson that Wilson was doinfe goijd work in trying to cut expens^. except for the reduction in the number of proposed Air FcJice wings Maybank said would be caused by the appropriation cutback.  Wilson told the committee pre^ viously that Vandenberg had been present as a' representative of the Joint Chiefs of Staff when the National Security Council -decided on the air money cut. But he conceded that Vandenberg never had approved the reductions. Ferguson said "he would call both Vandenberg and Spaatz.  Rosenbergs May Be Saved  Engineers May Not Dynainitef Highway In Flooded La. Area  By JAMES V. MCLEAN Charles were built up from back-  LAKE CHARLES, La., May 23 til—Engineers held off dynamiting U. S. Highway 90 tod.ay between this flood wrecked city and nearby orange, Tex.  "As things stand'right now," declared George S. Covert, Louisiana highway director, "it won't be necessary to do anything to the road unless the water suddenly begins to rise again. However, we're keeping an anxious eye on it and are, prepared to take necessary steps!and damaged 10 million dollars in case the situation worsens." worth of property. ♦ ,  waters tjf • the Calcasieu River'. Weatherman' Paul S. Cook summed the prospects for the South-west Louisiana port city of 50,-000 this way: ^  "Lg^e Charles will just have to sit nere four or five days more with this flood at or near it^ peak.  The flood waters swamped the .Lake Charles Air Force Blase forcing its abandonment; chased 15.000 persons from their homes  Wilson Deputy Quits Following Trial Incidents  WILSON, N. C.. May. 23 iJd— T^e resignation' of Deputy Sheriff W. B. iBoykin Was announced here today and Sheriff J., W. Thompson " issued' a statement connecting it with the mistrial last week of a 30-year-old widow.  "The sheriff said Boykin had tupied ui his badge yesterday in "the best interest of the county and the sheriff's depart-.ment."  Although not giving- the^cause of the resignation, the sheriff referred to criticism directed to his office following a mistrial in the case of Mrs. John C. Crocker. who was accused of murdering her husband.  A mistrial was ordered by Judge Joseph W. Parker after he heard testimony t;hat 'jurors had taken part in a drunken hotel brawl during the week-long trial. T\vo jurors and the jury guard, Fred M. Lamm, were sentenced, to 30 . di[,ys for contempt of court as a "result of the testihiony.  Sheriff Thompson said his office got a lot of unfavorable publicity recently during the trial of Mrs. Crocker. "I realize that we've taken a lot of criticism but I think the situation has been remedied."  By .TACK ADAMS  WASHINGTON, May 23 — Justice Department sources indicated today that Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, might still have a chance for clemency if they should decided "to talk."  "This is always a factor in every case," these sources said.  It was diaclosed that the couple, awaiting execution In Sing Sin? prison as spies for Soviet Russia, have been sppcfically told that if they know things about espionage in this country .which have not been brougnt to light, and want to tell about them, such action wnl be taken into consideration in weighhig their clemency pleas.  This, officials said was pointed out to the Rosenbergs before President Eisenhower in early January rejected their petition for commutation if their death sentence. The President, however, has the power to commute federal sentences at any time, whether or not a petition is pending.  "ITie ' Rosenbergs have strenuously protested innocencé, and officials ;icre say they have had no word M any change of heart on their part.  One of the things that concerns the government is that althoug'n an extensive roundup of atom spies has been carried out during See TRAITORS Page 2-A  President Eisenhower wears a wide smile as he shakes' hands with Sen. Spessard Holland (D-Fla), leader oi the Congressional fight for passage of the tidelands bill, after signing the measure into law at the White House, May 22. Applauding are Hep. Leslie Arends (R-Ill) and Hep. Craig Hosmer (R-Cal), center.  Senators Say Âmimo Shortages Cost Lives  Harrison Expected To Call Showdown On Prisoner Issue  By ROBERT EUNSON TOKYO, Sunday, May 24 I«-Th8 Allied truce team prepared to re« turn to the Panmunjom conferenca table tomorrow and hand the Redi what Is reported to be a "last chance" offer on how to handle 48,500 Red prisoners balking at being returned home.  Sources here said the offer, which Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison will carry back to Korea prob. ably will be coupled with a call 'or a showdown.  Harrison, chief Allied negotiator, was winding up meetings in Tokyo with Gen. Mark Clark and tha United Nation commander's political adviser. Ambassador Robert Mui'phy.  How this ultimatum-like strategy will work—whether the Communists will do business on this "last and best offer" or reject it^ia not known. For one thing, officials do not know how the Reds will react to the announcement Thursday that President Eisenhower, Prime Minister Churchill and French ■ premier will meet on world problems next month.  Some au: horities hei'e, think ths coming conference may prompt the Communist high command to stall any Korean agreement 'B ' hopes that Churchill may press Eisenhower to soften his .Fa? Eastern policies. The Reds are well aware of Allied differences in that field. '  An opposite line of reasoninSi however, is that if Russia wanf.a to assure a Big Four meeting (the Western three plu.s Premier Malenkovi as a sequel to tha Bermuda session the Kremlin may now throw its full weight behind i a prompt Korean tnice agreements What happens in Korea' is deivi scribed by responsible authontiea; here as likely to influencii'Presi-.'i dent Eisen'-;ower'8 thinking>"Bboutii., any meeting with Malenkov^.'.Tha .f Pl-gsidfent has ffttid a Blgkl^.af , ,| sesjsion snould be precedeU. -by-  Allies Fail To Regain Ground  By GEORGE MCAK^hA „ - .  SEOUL, Gun'da-v, Mày 2'4 (ffi -/resA.ent TVum,ini.''on down, foi U: S. Sabre jet pilots,, fresh fromimiscaloulatint'fhs ;'aggressive de their biggest'week of MIG kills in-  By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON  WASHiNGTON, May . 23 W -Four of five .lenjitors who investi-r gated aminuniitilin' supplies in -Korea reportediiloday that "there was a needless loss of American41.vfi&i^ because of shortages there.  While RBserting "H is difflcttU-lo pinpoint:the responsibility,' •ihey ..^lamed.. POULoy-makers of the re cpnii.|fc flmini+iiia^ioact'Ji om ■ forniEr  sign t)i International Commu-  eight months, shot down one Red jet and damaged anther Saturday in sky fights near the Man-  churian brder, the Fifth Air Forcfl ^ . . - --reported ; i been ^tremely costly to the  On the pround. Allied troops |'^mei'ican people," the report con-killed or wounded more than ,jooleluded. 'A i=bpetition of this type  of miscalculation and Inability to  nism.'^.  Congi!,ess wai absolved of. any share ins the blame. VThis is a tragic episode which  Chinese Reds Saturday in five bloody pitched battles but failed to regain ".jst gro.und.  During the .same period, the Air Force said.only one Sabre was shot down in combat but a • total loss of 10 planes was admitted — six planes shot down 'by Red ground fire, two Sabres and an Australian Meteor lost to "other causes,", presumably mechanical failures.  Hand-to-/,and fighting ripped the ground front Saturday. Most of :t was between Chinese Red.s-and Ra-public of Korea soldiers.  After 24 hour's of action, the South Koreans and Chinese still were within easy gunshot range on opposite sides of .Outpost Victory, a 300-yard Idng Eastern Front, ridgeline which the Reds partiallv occupied Friday. Korean 20th Division soldiers made five counterattacks Saturday against the Red.s on the eastern end of the outpost, near Christmas Hill, but failed to smash back the Chinese.  Operation On Twin Succeeds  ijaKe I a dam  ; .was u  in case . .  The built-up roadbed across the 35 miles of marshlahd between Lake Charles and Orange-became a dam against drainage of mounting backwaters from the Sabine  The body of an airman who ,was not identified wa.s found floating in i feet of water on Lake Charles Air Force Base, two miles east-,of lhi.s stricken city. Whether he was drowned in the flood was not de-•'About o{ie mile of the highway [termined. He was the first fatality was under 7 inches of water at ¡reported.  mid-day, Saturday, but the flooded That was part of the toll of a section" was six miles east of week of floods following 12 inches Orange in a sparsely populated of rain throughout .Louisiana. They area. ■ ' ■ drcve 30,000 ¡persons from theii  Orange appeared to be winning dwellings, rumed more than a hun-its flood battle and,helping thatUliec million dollars in. crops;, and city would be the oijly reason for ('sir-aeeH- highways in excess of cynamitins. . [three million dollar,';.  The floods standing up to house; .At Orange a bedraggled, muddy windows over a third of Lake i See FLOOD Page 2A  Boston. May 23 (/P) Surgeons successfully removed a tumor from the abdomen of a 41-year-old Siamese twin today while her sister, also anesthetized, lay strapped beside her on a tilted, extension table.  Dr. Frank H. Lahey performed the two-hour operation on Miss Margaret Gibb of Holyoke, Mass , in New England Deaconess Hospi tal and said he found no evidence of malignancy.  Her sister, Mary,, underwent nearly all the experiences, of the operation except the incision.  Mary suffered post-operative shock along with her sister, since  both, in effect, have the same circulatory system.  Late today the hospital issued a bulletin saying the condition of thj twins was "very good."  It was the second surgical service for the sisters. In 1.94G, Dr. Lahey removed a stone from Margaret's kidney in the same hospital.  . Preparing the twins for surgery took more lime than the operation. They are joined at the thigh in such a manner that they have h; common spinal column at the base.  Two anesthetists injected pent.i-thol intravenously. 'The twins fell asleep almost immediately and ether was dien applied.  Reading Index  ' SECTIONS  News ........................A  Features ....................B  Society ....................C  Sports ...............;......D  Comics  FEATURES Appointments by Howland 8A  Building .......... ... ...6A  Business School at UNC IB  Classified ...............4-.5D  Dance Recital ..............SB  Editorials ................ ..2B  Financial ..................40'  Fungs Re.search at Duke .. 8C  Globe Trotting Marine ......5A  Hi Lites ....................7C  Human Scene ..............3B  Local News ........-......2A  Mau Mau Terroism ......IB  Negro News ...............6B  Radioactive Rain ..........6U  Relax .....................".SB  Taylor. Legislative Counsel 3A  Telegram Town Hall.......fil)  Union Boss Quill ..........5A  plan for the defense and security of the United States could result in catastrophe for this nation."  The fifth member 'of the investigating subcommittee. Sen. Ke-fauver (D-Tenp), took sharp exception to the finding that lives were lost because of ammunition shortages.  Declaring this was based "as the committee acknowledges,- on conflicting testimony between va-See'AMMO Page 2A  »vents'holding out some reasoSkbIa'' hopiki; of success in the cau^^i.ol'"  cretary of State Dulles: '^EOREA Page  McCarthy Imnti British To Appei /nM/Tf&eCoj  BALTIMOBEi,*>Mfty'i MfeCarthy fR-Wis) sald'i , subcoiylmittee "woud be glao have any British shipping repr sehtatives come before it aind an-'j swer testimony that their Tessels' have transported Chinese Gom-munist troops. '  However, McCarthy added- at .'y Piihlico Race Track, the subcom-mittee does not plan to invite any i vrttnesses to reply to the charges. I The Wisconsin senator arrived. . I at Pimlico a few hours after bemg dischafi'ged this morning from tha ■ Navy Medical-Center at Bethesda, j Md., where he had spent a few ': days "resting." - j  "If any British shippers want to d come before the committee to tes*!"-fy under oath," he said, "we ^ would be giad to have them."  Woman Federation Will Not i Be Invited To White House  WASHINGTON, May 23 («—Mrs., No snags were anticipated, sea-Eisenhower is very, very sorry, ing that Mrs. Eisenhower had re-but she can't invite the General peived 3,000 members of the DAR, "i  Federation of Women's Clubs to the White House, although she hopes to drop In on one of their convention sessions next week.  That was the news which greeted early arrivals to .the 62nd annual convention of the world's largest organizations of women. It brought expressions of disappointment that they, unlike the Daughters of the American Revolutien and other women's groups, are not being received at the White House during their first convention in Washington.  The General Federation has 11 miUon members, half in this country and half overseas. -It represents 800.000 individual women'.s clubs-in the U. S. At least 3,000 members are expected for the convention. •  Mrs. Oscar A. Ahlgren of Whiting, Ind.. General Federation president, several weeks ago submitted several plans to the White House for recognition of her organization.  N. C. Colleges Graduate 6,000 In Next Two Weeks  By The Associated Press North Carolina's colleges, back on normal footing after a floodtide of World War II veterans packed their campuses, will graduate nearly 6,000 seniors during the next.two weéks.  Th^nnual parade of graduates ; which*Started last week epd at East Carolina College at Green-vjlle,. will reach" its peak next week end when most of the state's 33 senior colleges will be awarding degrees to seniors. Three other institutions, among them the University of North Carolina, will hold their exercises the following week.  Official state figures show that degrees will be given to 5,987 graduates, a drop from the 6.244 of last year. How.e.ver. total college enrollment this year has increased to 41.370 from 3R.5J0 last year.  The state's record college enrollment ^as 47,071 in 1947-48 when  hordes of war veterans, aided by the G,I Bill of Rights, filled the various public and church colleges to the bulging point. Now only a comparatively few veterans, some of them with Korean service, attend classes.  The Consolidated University of North Carolina reports that the trend of enrollment at its three institutions, dropping after the postwar peak, is now upward agaim.  While many of the state's colleges reportes larger graduation classes this year than last, .several of the state's larger universities show a decline in graduate.s.  Di'. Alan K. Manchester, dean of undergraduate studies at Duke Univer.>!ity, explains this by saying: '  "Actually, thi.s .v(>ar'.s figures for the number to receive degrpcs are  years there has been a  decline in graduating classes here and at other universities, due largely, to the fact that during 1946-49 large numbers of students I mostly veterans) returned to the University and re - enrolled as juniors and seniors. This increased the size of the graduating classes out of normal proportion."  He also notes that students leaving their college' studies for. Korean service also have.-caused graduation figures to decline this year.  What are the job prospects for  By R. GORDON BROWN  WASHINGTON. May 23 (/Pi — A measure providing $398,884,100 for flood control and navigational projects —far below presidental re-general Forces immediately after gradua-Isuests — was sent to the House  ,000 wives of members -attending the U. S. Chamber of Commeroa convention and smaller groups. -f  But up until late Saturday after-'' noon the clubwomen had no reply ; to their suggestion. ' v '  Inquiries at the White House' .'1 brought from Mrs. Mary Jane ,] Mcpaffreee, the first lady's personal secretary, a prompt denial that there was any thought of slighting : the federation. 1  On the^. contrary, she said, Mrs, I Eisenhower was reviewing her ■ next week's program in hopes of i finding time in which to attend ; one of the convention's sessions. Che could not say yet when thii^ 'J' might be. 'I  Mrs. McCaffree said Mrs. Eisen- | hower's calendar next week is packed with events. Including the' White House veterans garden 1 party Tuesday, the first big re- -m ception to be attended by both the President and Mrs. Eisen..'J hower. • 1  Reduced Flood Control Budget Facing Debate On House Floor  tion. ¡floor today by the appropriations  Montreat, a Presbyterian school I committee, of 10 as compared with last year's i The amount recommended by 12. The student body this year;the committee for river, harbor jumped from 118 to 137. The Rev. i and other such works for the fiscal John H. McKinnon Jr., a Knox- year starting July 1 is nearly 17  ville, Tenn., Presbyterian pastor, will deliver the commencement ad-  per cent under President Eisenhower's proposal and 40 per tent  this year's graduates? State edu-1 Negro University, will confer f'-.uv cation officials say they're good ¡honorary degrees tomorrow. Doc-for students with technical train- tor of Science awards will go to ing, such as engineers. And the  dre.ss tomorrow while Dr. Vernon less than former President Tru-S. Broyles Jr., of Atlanta, secre-lman's Januai-y budget request, tary of the Presbyterian Church's; Tlie House is scheduled to take Board of Church Extension will be ¡up the bill Tuesday, and from the baccalaureate speaker today. ! there it must go through the Johnson Ci Smith, a Charlotte Senate.  As it now stands, the bill carries  Stale Department of Public In-  funds for 58 projects in 24 states, considerably fewer than in past  Lewis King Downing, dean of'years.  Howard University's School of En-j Last year Congress voted $.561.-struction notes that there's plenty i gineering and Architecture, and 1906,000 for such projects. For the of room fo'r teacher.s, particularly i Dr. Simon Overton Johnson ofthcjcomine 12 month? Truman rec-tho.se in the elementary grades, j La kin. W. Va., State Hospital.i nmmended .i6fil,5:?4.1000. Eisen-Many of the graduates of military i Doctor of Divint.y degrees will be! hower trimmed tills figure to  normaL During the la^t three I .colleges will enter the Armed I See COLLEGES Page 2A  I $479,490.100,  The past nistory of flood control and navigation bills has been one of sharp cuts by the House and , sharp increases by the Senate, fol-lowed by a compromise between the two chambers.  Critics sometimes refer to tha bills as "pork barrel" legislation and contend cuts are difficult' to ^ make because the Army Engineers '' work closely with local groups -which exert pressure on Congress to provide for pet projects. J  The House committee, in its re-"i port on the bill, was critical of.1 local interests for not making' larger contributions toward the cost of initial surveys would have :,; a deterring effect since about 33 per cent of the projects proposed are found to be economically unsound.  The committee was critical of the Army Engineers for building up "large and unobligated balances" irdm appropriations of previous years. Such balances repre-j sent not savings but "insibility ig carry out a realistic constimctij® program," the committee 'a'al  HI,  if_   

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Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!

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Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 145+ million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.

Genealogy Made Simple

Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!

Choose the Membership Plan that is right for you!

Unlimited 6 Month

$99.95 (45% Savings!)

Unlimited page views for 6 months Learn More

Unlimited Monthly

$29.95

Unlimited page views for 1 month Learn More

Introductory

$9.95

25 page views for 1 month Learn More

Subscribe or Cancel Anytime by calling 888-845-2887

24 hours a day Monday-Saturday

Take advantage of our Introductory Membership offer and become a member for 1 month only for $9.95!

Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!

Your Membership Includes:
  • 25 page views for 1 month
  • Access to Over 145+ million Newspaper Pages
  • Ability to View, Save, and Print
  • Articles featuring over 100 million people
  • Weekly Search Alerts - We search for you!
  • & Many More Features!
Subscribe for a Monthly Membership only for $29.95
Your Membership Includes:
  • Unlimited Page Views
  • Access to Over 145+ million Newspaper Pages
  • Ability to View, Save, and Print
  • Articles featuring over 100 million people
  • Full Access To All Content including 10 Foreign Countries
  • Weekly Search Alerts - We search for you!
  • & Many More Features!
Subscribe for a 6 Month Membership only for $99.95
Best Value! Save -45%
Your Membership Includes:
  • Unlimited Page Views
  • Access to Over 145+ million Newspaper Pages
  • Ability to View, Save, and Print
  • Articles featuring over 100 million people
  • Full Access To All Content including 10 Foreign Countries
  • Weekly Search Alerts - We search for you!
  • & Many More Features!

What our Customers Say:

"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.

"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.

"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.

Search Billions of Newspaper Articles 145 Million+ Pages and More Added Weekly!

Uncover 400+ Years
of Newspaper Archives
(1607 to today!)

Browse by Date

Research Newspaper Articles from 19 Countries
& all 50 U.S. States

Browse by Location

Explore 6,200+ Current &
Historical Newspaper Titles
and Counting!

Browse by Publication