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Rocky Mount Evening Telegram Newspaper Archive: April 19, 1951 - Page 1

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   Rocky Mount Evening Telegram (Newspaper) - April 19, 1951, Rocky Mount, North Carolina                                 TELEGRAM PHONES Dial 5161: Ciroulation-Bookkeepins Dial 5162: Soolet; a-d News Dial 5168: Manasring Ed.-Sports Dial 5164: Display-Classified Adv.  the Evening^ Telegram  THE WEATHER  Warm toniglit and tomorrow, with some showers Friday.  VOL. XL-NO. 142 TWENTY FOUR se&S ROCKY MOUNT. N. C., THURSDAY AFTERNOON, APRIL 19, 1951  Ths AssooUted Press Wir* âcd Featur« Sarrlc*  ★ ★ *  PRICE FIVE CENTS  M'ARTHUR ASKS FOR BLOCKADE OF CHINA  ★ ★ *  ★ ★ *  ★ ★ ★  ★ ir ★  ★ ★ ★  Over Reservoif Area  MacÀrthur Célébrât ion In San Francisco  Limited Drive  Enemy Pulls Back Suddenly After Stubborn Defense  ^ OLEN CLEMlBNTS \ ^ TOKYO, April 19—W)— Allied troops today launched a limited attack north of the newly captured Hwachon power dam and reservoir on the east - central front in North Korea.  The Allies seized the big hydroelectric grid Wednesday after Reds who had defended it stiib-bornly for days slipped away to the north.  Thousands of^Allied doughboys poured into the dam and reservoir area. vUnited Nations Tifle-men struck north from Hwachon at the west end of the reservoir. They traded: fire with an enemy group of undisclosed strength but later withdrew.  Chiriese Reds pulled back all along the central front in the mountainous area west of the reservoir.  Rain, smoke and haze made air observationMmpossible. But United Nations troops patrolled aggressively far ahead of their lines in those craggy heights without "opposition.  Heavy rain slowed the Allied push on the western front.  Chinese mounted a daylight, company-sized counterattack 10 mi^es inside Red Korea north of Yonchon.  Allied artillery and a late af-ternoon air strike threw back ttie ^ attack.-  U. N. forces inched-iforward up the last hillci-esb before Chorwon, 17 air miles north of the border. Other Allied troops neared Chigyong, southeast oftChorwon and 16 air miles inside the Red-land.  Behind front lines, American engineers and Korean road crews were working day and night to ..^.•s*s#atliwi5»?oof-'-'io(ids- a' ' riiria sqon due". ' / > ¿There Vas no official explanation for the sudden Red pullbaoR that permitted the Allies to take over-the Hwachon dafh and res-ei-voir. ■  Eight of the dam's 18 floodgates were still open. The dam is SSOteet long and 250 feet high. It backs up water for 11 miles and once was a mojor source of power for Seoul. Allied troops seized Hwachon  rat the western end of the reservoir Wednesday without a fight. They captured Yanggu on the " see KOREA Page IB  Truman Expects  Says Joint Chiefs His Far Eastern  Surrounded by a Kng« erowd, Ben. Douglas MaoArthur drives away from the St. Franeis Hotel, San Franeisoo, at the start of a triumphant tour of the oity. With the General are Mayor Elmer Robinson (center) of San Franolseo, and Qov. Earl Warren of California.  Truman Designs Program Against Red^ In Far Eas  'ProgranTOf Action? W^uld Hold Steadfast In Korea, Avoid Extending War Elsewhere  action'  In Cancer Made  May Help Save Many Victims  BALTIMORE, April 19— A strange pai-allel in the case histories of 13 women has resulted in a discovery that Johns" Hop kins doctors hope will wipe out cancer of the cervix as a killer of womankind.  The discovery is a new method of detection which exposes the disease early enough to remove the faulty tissue by surgery..  The discoverers are Drs. Richard Te Linde, Gerald Galvin.and Howard Jones ,all gynecologists connected with both Johns Hopkins Hospital and the Medical College. Until now, cancer of the cervix f was identified after surrounding , tissue was attacked to such a degree that it was often too late ,i to save the patient's life. ' Under the new method, cancer can be detected by the way tissue cells are aranged. In healthy tissue the cells are arrayed in rows like soldiers.  In cancerous tissue, the order-• ly lineup is broken, the doctors . found. ,  This was discovered after an intense examination of the records of 700 women who came to the hospital over the past 10 years with advanced cancer of the cervix, or neck of the womb. -  Thirteen of these women had been in the hospital previously for other disorders of the womb. ,,,  And though« cancer didn't ap pear for them 1 to 17 years after their first examinations, the strange tissue alignment was dis covered in each case.  The» important thing here that there were none of what doctors regarded as symptoms of cancer present at the time these women wei'e first examined.  Yeit in each case, canopr ultl mately' developed. '  The researchers concluded that ia disturbed tissue alignment is mptom of cancer. Dr. Jones said: "What we for merly looked upon as an early orm -of cancer appears to be late form of the disease. It appears that cancer of the cervix does not develop directly from normal cell condition to an invad ing cancer, but goes through an intermediate stage within the epithelium (the outer layer of cells.)"  Dr. Jones said if other forms ol cancer aliM go through this in See fiANCER Page IB  WASHHiGTON, April 19—(ff^— T/ "^e adrntaistration has laid down a tlire^^pdint '!progiam of designed to combat Com-,i.iii ,Asla .5an4 protec tthe  _ ■'ir ..  The plan was outlined! in .pait yeisterday by Presmeffft "liuman. In filling in detail ItCfet night, ecretary of State Acheson urg-ed-^-the; nation to "hold a steadfast cburse In Korea" and steer deaf of any Idea of extending theiconflict there.  Acheson made this, plea on the eve of the arrival here of Gen-Douglas MacArthur. MacArthur was relieved of his Pacific commands when the President decided the general's policy views were not in accord with his own. MacArthur favored air strikes ; Communist Installations and supply lines in Manchuria, and the use of Chinese Nationalists troops against the Chinese Reds. Mr. Truman and his advisers contended these moves might touch off World WarSni.  Acheson said last night ,in speech to the Women's National Press Club, that if there is any widening of the Korean fighting  More iainilies Driven From Honies By Mississippi Flood  M  Sen.Yandenberg  the Kremlin and Red China must be held responsible, '¡"Tbe Ainericaa peopleffdll neve» choose thisT-ooursei't^he declared; "They will' apt, falTinto the tfap" of Seeming to choose Iti" ^^i^out direct criticism of the apposed iar East commander or his .proposals Acheson declared that to extend the fighting would gravely Imperial world peace." The projected Par Eastern: feo-giim called for:  1. A probable defense arrangement" among the U. S., Austra-r lia and New Zealand. Mr. Truman announced'in a statement that he directed Acheson, Secretary of Defense Marshall and Ambassador John Foster Dulles to continue negotiations in this direction while working out a Japanese peace treaty.  The President told newsmen later the agreement would be modelled on the North Atlantic Pact pledge to regard an attack on one coimtry as an attack on all.  2. Increased efforts to h e 1 p Asian countries strengthen their independence and achieve relief from poverty, but such means a^ Marshall Plan Aid, technical as-  See TRUMAN Page IB  Agency To Have Power To Handle Disputes Of Labor  WASHENGTON, April 19—(fl»)— President Truman will set up —probably within the next few days—anew Wage Stabilization Board having authority, to handle emergency labor dis putes during thé defense pro gram.  Annoiincing that intention at a news conference yesterday. Mr. Truman brushed aside the objections which management representatives have raised to the proposal, recommended by the newly-created 17 - man Mobilization Advisory Board.  When you get a three to one decision, Mr Truman said, it's time to operate. That was a reference to the fact that the new Wage Board plan had been approved Tuesday b®» the 12 Advisory board members representing labor^ agriculture and the public. The four industry representatives dissented.  Mr Truman had little othei news for reporters yesterday.  He«made it virtually certi he and Gen. Douglas MacA; ' would not get together; today f^ lowing the general's OTnirn fro Tokyo. Mr. Truman Msted him last week in a poUj^- disagreement.  The President said it was true, as a spokesman bad said, that MacArthur would be received at the White Hpuse If he asked for an appointent. Signs are the general didn't plan to seek one.  Mr. Truman ' refused to be drawn out further. He said ,(a) his views,'!•■.on,the Fur East-........------ " known;  Asks Aid For Chiang  12,000 Gatlier Around Airfield  BT RELMAN MORIN  WASHINGTON, April 19 —(JP) The tall ma^ in the trench coat paused on the top step of the raniip. paused tor just an instant, as though he wanted to catch and keep this memory forever.  He looked a little tired.  The lines around his mouth were a little deeper than usual and his dark eyes were weary. He stood there, with one band on the ramp, just looking.  Then he smiled.  He stepped aside and his wife hurried down the ramp ahead of hini, a tiny, bird - like woman in a dress the color of claret. A surging roar welled up from the crowd. He hurried down the steps and onto the runway.  Gen. Douglas MacArthur was back in Washington, back in the city from hence came the order which stripped him of  Carolinas Tune In  By The Associated Press  Business and school books were set aside in the Carolinas today for Gen. MacArthur's speech before Congress.  Mòre than a half-million persons saw him over television stations in Charlotte and Greensboro, TV stations estimated. Coiintless others heard him over the radio.  Not since V-J àay has interest in any one thing mounted so high.  Many schools installed either TV or radio sets and called a recess for children to gather in auditoriums for the historic account. Downtown establishments everywhere had radio or TV sets for persons unable to get home.  Pounds Truman  I  * I I  Busy Day Ahead For MacArthur  Slated To Fly ~ N. Y. Tonight  Denies Being War ; ; Monger In Address  WASHINGTON, April 19-r«ii ; Gen. Douglas MaoArthur pound-ed the Truman adniinistration'i| Par Eastern policies before Goii-> gres today and said he imder-| stands the U. S. Joint Chiefs ofi Staff shared his views from the! military standpoint.  In a fighting speech, the| year-old general of the Army dared: "Efforts have been n to distort my position. It been said I am a war nioj Nothing is further frdm| truth."  He had previously restatq four points of his strategic i for the Orient. They . wjsrj said:  1. An economic bli China.  2. A Naval blocj China coast.  3. Removal of on aerial recon China.  A re  ■(b) lilacArtbur-' isvgoingito'giv]^ (his-owa .views A,nd Cc) he dldi^'t intena^tò answer stety Qtlestlons. òn ttìfe subject.  By The Associated Press  More families left their homes In the upper MIssissIppr Valley region today as surging waters irom the Mississippi river rolled out over lowlands in Iowa, Minnesota and Wisconsin.  Cooler weather spread over the flood area. It was cold and snowing In parts of the Rockies and Plains states.  The big river threatened heavy damage In Iowa and Illinois. Plans were being made ^n many Tlver towns for evacuation of families early next week. Red Cross workers. National Guardsmen and city officials prepared for the expected overflows from the big stream.  Thirty-five famiUes left their homes in Dubuque, la., as flood-waters spilled over a three^block area. A record 22.5 foot flood crest was expected by Monday.  Workers sandbagged the levee in east Dubuque, 111., and residents were alerted to be ready to evacuate. At Sabula. la., workers sandbagged a 5,000-foot dike that protects the town of 800 population.  The highest crest In history— 18.5 feet—was expected in the  area of the quad cities of Ullnols-lowa about Tuesc^ay. Officials In Davenpoi-t, la., estimated 300 families will have to be evacuated. Precautions were being taken In Rock Island, Moline and East Moline, 111.  The National Guard at Des Moines said 300 sandbags had been sent to Clinton, la. The Red Cross sent cots and blankets to Galena, 111., for use if the river floods that community of some 4,000,  The Mississippi crested almost three feet above flood level yesterday at La Crosse, Wis., where sòme 1,500 persons have been forced from their homes and another 1,000 were In homes surrounded by water. At Prairie Du See FLOOD Page IB  Respected Leader Dies At His Home  GRAND RAPIDS, Mich., April 19 —Wl— Sen'Mrthwili Hv Va,n-denberg, -on,^. ¿p t%'tj6lie1t| e|;n States? ^ qioSV re^ctecl^^^tatBS-»^eri,- iV dead at 67. ' ' ^^;  "The Michigan Republican, a foreign policy expert whose advice and leadership were sought by the heads of both major parties, died last night. In his sleep after several years of illness. He had undergone several major operations in the last two years.  , Vandenberg's death at his home'here meant the loss of one of t!^e founders of the United Nations and one of Congress' foremost advocates of a bi-partisan, unified foreign policy in the cold war with Russia.  It also undoubtedly meant a gain for the Democrats in the Senate. It falls to Michigan's Democratic governor, G. Men-n^ Williams, to name a successor to Vandenberg, whose distinguished career spanned 23 years in Congress.  Williams reportedly has four possibilities in mind — former U. S. Sen. Prentiss M. Brown, University of Michigan Law Professor John Dawson, former Michigan. Attorney General Stephen J. Roth, and Noel P. Pox, head of the Michigan Lahor Relations Board.  With Vandenberg's death the Democratic majority in the Senate became 49 to 46. The ax See VANDENBERG Page IB  Wealher Summary  71°  1  67«  Courtesy CAA Temperature at 10:30 a.  m.  Temperature at 7:30 a. m.  Wind direction SW. Velocity 9 mph at 10:30.  Barometric pressure at 10:30 a. m. 29.88.  Relative humidity at 10:30 a. m. 47 per cent.  Sun rise 5:32.  Sun sets 6:48.  Précipitation, none during last 24 hours ending at 7:30.  ^è'stl^;  on the question ' Of settings up a new Wage Board to repldce the one which has bee^ impotent since: its labor membërs .resigned iii protest over a ^age ceiling formula two months ago, there had been some legal doubt thé President could V act.  Economic Stabilizer Eric John-ston^hias said gome goveiiiment attorneys hold the Défense Production Act forbids «iving new board any power to handle disputes without agreement from both labor and management.  But Mr. Truman evidently was accepting the advice of other attorneys that he can establish an 18-man stabilization board as an emergency step under his powers as President to take action in extraordinary conditions rather than under the Defense Production Act.  , The law called for agreement at à, labor - management conference before a disputes board is set up. No agreement was possible because organized labor and management differed on the type of disputes which the board should handle. The majoritis» of the advisory group See f CONTROLS Page IB  iodeh stool, a burly teenager with a, Confederate flag, a man wlíh a paper tílacard, "welcome back. Doug."  A chill east wind was blowing, and a lop - sided moon fought a losing fight with the great flood lights cn the edge of the runway. Across the Potomac, the Capitol domé, lighted, seemed to be floating In midair. The Washington ' Monument was a white néedle gleaming in (he moonligh The crowd kept coming. A bo-llqe'éstimated Its peaj£iAtLl2,OOQ> " Secrétaií»f^;oíí CP^M _ shall,, and mé^lJolflts»^^ Staffs ,Gen. bmii Bradley, Oeh; J. Lawtoii . Collins, Grá; Hbyt Vandenbérgr. and Admiral. Forrest Sherman, did not appear until about 10 minutes before Mac-Arthur's plane was sighted, winging ih from the west.  It was an hour earlier than the original schedule called for. And In fact. It was several minutes before MacArthur's pilot; Lt. Col. Anthony Story, had estimated.  The doors opened. Tlié ' ramp was rolled up against the silver sides of the Bataan. The V-shaped pattern of military guards was ordered to attention. A hush fell.  A crewman opened the door. Mrs. MacArthur appeared first. Then, behind her, MacArthur stepped out and stood on the top of the ramp, peering through the blazing white lisbts.  When he reached the ground, a babv riot broke out. There was a sudden surge of people toward him, and the soldiers and officers seemed powerless to stop it.  People packed In so closely aroimd MacArthur j,that he could barely grasp the Tiands held out. He called to Col. Story: "Tony take care of Mrs. MacArthur. Story tried to shield her with his arms and shoulders.  See ARRIVAL Page IB  TV Spollièht On MacArthur  WASHINGTON, April 19 —{IP) The four television networks serving the East and Middle West of the nation merged thei>. facilities today to cover Gen. Douglas MacArthur's day in Washln^n.  Station WNBW, of Washington, announced thàt National Broadcasting Company» Columbia Broadcasting System, American Broadcasting Company and Du-Mont will cover the event on a pool basis with 11 stationary and five mobile units. Voice corn^ mentaryby top announcers of the four systems will be linked to the picture coverage.  Telecasting will begin at noon (EST) in the lobby of Hotel Statler, where MacArthur stayed after his arrival early today. One mobile camera will picture the deposed general's arrival at the Capitol building and three cameras inside the House will watch his speech to the combined Senate and House, other units will trail MapArthur's parade down Pennsylvania Avenue and three cameras will view the wind - up ceremonies at the Washington Monument grounds, about 2 p. m The telecast will be fed Into the four networks from WNBW, an NBC station.  51 Legislature Boosted Improvement Of Rivers  address before ____  and then headed into a bus afternoon of pomp and ceremony.  His widely awaited address before a joint meeting of Senate and House members over, the general's schedule called for:  1. Lunch in a private dining room at the Capitol.  2; A motor procession along flag bedecked Pennsylvania Avenue to t;he Washington Monu-mént.  3. A civic program at the Mon-Bp^t at to re-  sivejthertó^á l^Híiércity and re-, Bpühd .'«rlth^a' bíief talk. 1 ,4: Ariotiiér brief speéch beftire the Daughters thé^tAmerican Revolution meetings in convention here.  "6. An aiipearance at the annu-^ méeting of the American Society ofi Newspaper Editors.  ■Tonight, at 8 p.m. (EST), Mac-Arthur was scheduled to fly to New'York for a mammoth Mán-hattan reception and ticker tape parade tomorrow.  MacArthur went to the Capítol in a 15 car caravan accompanied by his wife and their 13 year old son, Arthur.  The MacArthurs drove to <3ap-itol Hill in a 1938 black Cadillac.  (Trowds in the hotel lobby that had awaltod , the general's appearance for nearly an hour ap^ plauded and cheered as MacAxv thur and his family, stepped from an elevator (and went to the motor ramp, v  MacArthur smiled and waved his hand.  Shortly before the general left his hotel suite; Republican House Leáder Martin (R-Mass) Senate Republican Leader Wheriy of Nebraska, and Démocratic Leader MacParland óf Arizona arrived to escort him to the House chamber.  Among the first to leave the elevator, several minutes before MacArthur and his group appeared. was Gen. Jonathan Wain-wright hero of Corregidor who served with MacArthur in the Philippines.  The crowd gave Wainwright an ovation.  A 15 car caravan accompanied the general.  The skies were overcast but a light drizzle had stopped.  Presidential Secretary Joá= eph Short told reporters Mr. Truman would not turn on his television set to catch MacArthur's appearance before Congress.  There was a tremendous cheer as Mrs. MacArthur was ushered to a seat in the gallery section usually reserved for White House representatives.  The general's lady wore See SCHEDULE Page IB  Ictlonsi ■ Natioii?| sap-'  ig the Wà- '  ates'^ffirr^  . briefly , |e secp^ r^  -poUcy|| pvera»!"  kd,aliéii  shek with nishing  Cheer:, when he and third po£ MacArthur "For this 11 havi criticized in many cipally abroad." Bi had never heard a; these views military autho: own joint chi( . Ma&Afthur _ 'for'remforcfemi  wasinformed __  able. He said he had waniepf/| that unless permission was gran% i ed to bomb Mânchurlan baSês. blockade the China coast andTA,. usé Nationalist forces on For- v mpsa the position of his command ' forbade victory" in Korea.-Bluntly, MacArthur said 'the? inteéventlon of the Chinese Com-munists in the Korean' flghtlàg had called for "realistic adjusts!-/ ment, of military strategy anO sUch d e c I s lo n s have not beenf forthcoming."  MacArthur . said he was not consultfed In advance on the sending S)f American troops into;> Korea, but the move "proved toji be a sound one."  His voice rising in vibrancy, MacArthur told Congress "We-could hold in Korea by constant-' maneuver. . . . But we could.;-, hope at best for only an inde-.^; cisive campaign."  Those who would appease Red 7 iChina "are blind", MacArthur'-.; said.  He declared Soviet Russlaï would not necessarily mesh her?; power with Red China if the ; United Nations forces carried;; the'war further. Any new en- , emy, he said, will, strike only if-; it feels the balance is in her favor on a world .scale. ^^^  He had declared earlier that , ,, Formosa must not be allowed to . ; fall Into enemy hands.  It is part of an island-arc, he said, from which U. S. air and: if sea power can control the Pa* ^ citic and maintain it as a proi? ' tective "moat" for all the Amerr i  icas. ....... - ■ ■ ■  MacArthur concluded witK iii recollection of . the- old - sbldiefe|i ballad "Old Soldiers Never Die.llf They Just Fade Away." ' '  He said he was closing outi92|| years of military service " that ballad in mind.  "I now close my military ïoar-\ a reer and just fade, away,'' vhé«'^ said dramatically. "An. old. solifi dler who tried to do his duty^/M^ God gave him the light to^vseé^ that duty." .'"Î^l  MacArthur finished speaklngif^;.;^ 1:10 p. m. His address, lasted'36''I See MACARTHURcPage lB'"*  Search Continues  RALEIGH April 19— VP) — State and local officers pressed a search today for the second of two fugitives who staged a clever escape from North Carolina's Central Prison Sunday night.  Still at large is Cecil King, 41, of High Point, who was serving 17 to 25 years for armed robbery.  King's accomplice, Earl Jackson, 63, of Sanford, was caught at his wife's home in Sanford late Tuesday night. Jackson was serving 10 to 20 years for burglary, possession of burglary tools, breaking, entering and larceny.  Prison Warden Joseph Crawford said King had last been seen in Lee county. Both prisoners were tuberciilar patients. They placed dummies in their hospital beds, then used a window sash weight to beat a two-feet wide hole in the prison's east wall.  RALEIGH, April 19 —(JP)— It may be years before a change Is noticed, but the state's rivers and streams are In for a better deal as the result of action by toe recent General Assembly.  In one of Its major changes in state policy, the assembly enacted Into law far-reaching legislation designed to curb stream pollution. Moreover, the action had the backing of a major section of Tar Heel Industry.  Sometime within the next few weeks an eight-member Stream Sanitation Committee will be ajp-polnted by Governor Scott to work within the State Board of Health. It will be composed at least partially of persons who have served for the last five ye&rs on a Stream Sanitation Study Commission.  Briefly, the committee Is empowered to establish standards or classifications for every watershed in the state, after public hearings have been held.  After the standards have been adopted, a firm or Individual must obtain a permit from the committee to open any new outlet for sewage or industrial wastes, or to increase the present rate of discharges.  All of this wUl take time, says J. E, Jarrett, chief sanitation engineer for the Board of Health who will be an ex-offlclo member of the committee.  "The watershed studlss will come first," he says. -"These studies wl" form the basis for setting standards. It will be only after these standards are set and compliance Is noted that the public will notice any change ih the streams running past their door."  Actually, a lot of preliminary work already has been done, enough, that is, to set the pattern for a tremendous job yet to come.  Under direction of the old Stream Sanitation Commission a complete study has alread ybeen made of the Yadkin river basin, the river Itself and . some of Its tributaries. A study now about 90 per cent complete. Is being made of the Catawba River Basin from Old Port to the vicinity of Charlotte.  In other areas a study > has been completed of the Neuse River from Durham to Golds-, boro, and of certain portions of the Cape Fear and Haw Rivers.  Results of these studies aided materially in convincing the  General Assembly that thing should be done to curb stream pollution. All showed pollution from the extreme stage to the mild.  Altoough the new legislation has-been called "toothless," it is a compromise between industry and advocates of more stringent .control.  In its original from the legislation called for a separate Stream Sanitation Commission with authority to apply any means necessai-y to curb stream pollution. In the final draft, the separate commission was abandoned and an independent committee was set up to fvinctloh within the frame  work of the board of health. Moreover, the committee's powers were spelled out.  Even then, the -legislation was adopted ■■ only after a bitter battle. Efforts were bean down to exclude fish and recreation from any declaration of policy by the'committee.  As It now stands. Industry, agriculture, wildlife, and municipalities will have a voice in setting policy. The committes .will  some-be composed of one member from agriculture, one from wildlife, two from industry and two from HMmicIpalities; In addition, ' the board of health's chief sanitary engineer and the chief engineer of the Water Resources Division of the Conservation ÌJevelopment Department will be fion - voting ex -officiò members.  At least six of these members must be picked from the Old Stream Sanitation Commission. After the initial appohit-ments, future places on the committee must be confirmed by the Senate, with appointment^ made while the General Assembly is in sésslon.  In the final analysis, says Jarrett, the committee's work will of necessity be one of cooperation. The work will be slow and tedious.  '•in carrying out any program of this nature, we must work with the people," Jarrett said "It will not be the policy of th'e committee to start a lot of court casesi Through public hearings we hope to arrive at a spirit of cooperation between everybody concerned."  Editors Plan Censorship Of Free Press  -Ì  WASHINGTON, April 19—tff)— Pour hundred editors met today to draw new battle lines in defense of freedom of the press against censorship and news suppression.  President Dwlght Young of Dayton, Ohio, cautioned the American Society of Newspaper Editors that an outcropping of "would - be dictators" In the federal, state and local governments has become a home-front menace.  At the same time, a "very strong" resolution denouncing the closure of Argentina's great newspaper La Prensa was reported being written for consideration at the close of tiie ASNE's annual meeting on Saturday.  Even the hero of the hour. Gen. Douglas MacArthur. was to come under the editors' scrutiny. They have invited Keyes Beech, Chicago Dailv News' correspondent, to describe his publicized tiff with MacArthur's Tokyo's headquarters.  was  MacArthur himself ^ pected to visit .the editors-afternoon, after his address L, Congress. But Young ' said NE's invitations to the generé® . had brought no definite accep|||^ tance, and the editors did nò| expéct a full-dress speech. 1  Correspondent Beech reports ed from Tokyo in January that' ¥ MacArthur wanted to pull., i his troops from Korea and carry" the war to China by sea and air blockade. Both \ MacArthur's headquarters and Washington'^ denied the story. Last week, afii8| ter the general was fired b^^ li President Truman, Beech dIs- . closed that his sourpe was Mac^;, Arthur's military secretary, Malisil Gen. Courtney Whitney. He will' tell ASNE about it tomorrow.: 1©]«  The editors arranged to view the general's appearance at the Capitol and the MacArthur ceremonies at the Washlngton-Mo^;|| ument bv tele"vlsIon. Their luh'<^l|| eon speaker. President Trumt^fi^ had canceled out. explair that he felt this should-^be It iy MacArthur's "   

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