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Evening Telegram (Newspaper) - November 25, 1954, Rocky Mount, North Carolina TELEGRAM PHONES Dial 6-5X61: Publishcr-Clroulation Dial 6-5162: Society-Bookkccpingr Dial 6-5163: Editorial-Sports Dial 6-5164: Display Advertising Dial 6-4068: Classified Adyertisinc THE EVENING TELEGRAM WEATHER Fair and continued cold tonigbt and Friday. FORTY FOURTH YEAR 32 PAGES THREE rODAT, B£0TlONS ROCKY MOUNT, N. Ci THURSDAY AFTERNOON, NOVEMBER 25, 1954 DAILY 5c—SUNDAY 15c—WEEKLY 35c Court Is Asked Thanksaiving Day Finds A Youiig Man With A Purpose Americans Renew Traditions As They Lay Worries Asidë By LEWIS GULICK .WASHINGTON OB—The ^ Justice; epartment says the controversial k of sending white and Neg;ra childi'en to the same public schools should be carried out under local federal court dh-ectlon—not by a general Supreme Court order. Atty. ' Gen. Brownell : proposed this to the Supreme Com-t yesterday. And in so doing he seemed in agi-eemfent with President ' Eisenhower and with the parties directly involved in the historic case on public school segregation. Brownell's brief was filed as part of the proceedings stemming from the high tribunal's May 17 decision that public school segregation is unconstitutional. The court withheld a final order at the time, asking instead for furthér argument on how school desegregation should be carried out. The date for hearing these arguments has been put off at least until next year. Eisenhower told a news confer-ence,Tuesday that he understands the high court is tryin" to find some sort of decentralized process, and that he believes weight will be given to the emotional and practical problems involved. Suggestions that federal district courts handle the job were offered in briefs filed Nov. 15 by Texas, Maryland, Virginia, Delaware the School Board of Clarendon County, S. C., and attorneys for Negro parents who are principals in the original cases. ' . ■Brownell emphasized the. local control idea in asking that the dis trict courts be assigned the task although his recommendations on other matters differéfl In some re fipects from the other wiefs. Directly Involved in the case are . South Carolina, Virginia, Delaware, Kansas and the District of Columbia. Kansas and the District of, Columbia already have told the 001114;' their public school Integration pfqgrams are well .underit^vay, 60 a futurt^^-order on how to m out integration - Is expected to: ^ ply SSfeclfiSiRlly only to the other three states. •However, the May 17 decision outlawed school- segregation throughout , the nation—thus paving the way for possible suits in any other state to bring about ac tion in line with the Suprenvî Court order. . ' A number of Southern states havei made arrangements avowed ly aimed at getting around, the May 17 decision. In one of these Georgia, State Atty. Gen. Eugene Cook commented after hearing of Brownell's proposal: "It is Immaterial to the people of Georgia what method they use to enforce the decision because the . people of Georgia ai-e still de termined to circumvent the dec! «ion lat all hazai'ds." Brownell said schf>il authorities and lower courts are In the best . position to carry out integration [jecause "it is clear that no single formula or blueprint is readily susceptible of application to all localities." He emphasized however that he believes the Supreme Court should keep .lurisdiction in the matter "for the purpose of making such further orders, if any, as may become necessai-y." The attorney general proposed . these steps among others: A Supreme. Court decree declai'-Ing racial segregation m public schools is unconstitutional aiid that all laws requiring or. permitting . euoh segregation are invalid. A return of the cases itivo'ving the four states and the District Columbia to the lower courts whence they came, for further action in line with the supreme Court's decision. See. SBGREGATICW Page 10^' Chief Executive Recalls Pilgrim Fathers' Deeds Î-I- Ways To Free Captives Sought By U. S, Officials WASHINGTON W) — Measures demned to prison by Red China. When little Ralph Eason learned where drum sticks come from he went in. search of one for his Thonksgiving dinner plate today. And out on the farm of his father, Will Wi Eason, of Rocky Mount, Rt. 4, fiveryea»-old Ralph found it. But the question here is just how to get at it, because its source is just a bit over-sized, nearly as big, in fact, OS Ralph himself. But he has managed to creep to within range of the big bird ond is about to unleash his deadly blow (Telegram Photo by Killebrey) Holiday Finds' Weather Cold By THE ASSOCIATED FRESS .Blustery weather was the outlook on Thanksgiving Day for most of the northeastern section of the country. Generally fair to partly . cloijdy skies prevailed in most other areas although there was some rain 'and iog in. sections of the Pacific coast More rain and snow fell in north eastern areas, extending front east of the Mississippi and north of-the Ohio River. The rain areas included the lower Michigan Peninsula and parts of southern New England. Strong winds blew in parts of the wet oelt. Light rain fell.in western Washington and in the interior, of north' See WEATHER Page lOA Mail Of Senators Swinging In Favor Of Censure Action short of war were being carefully weighed today by American officials charged with trying to win freedom for 13 Americans . con- Little Evidence LOmSBUBG — Franklin County Sheriff C. Willis Ferry said he had little to go on as he' continued his investigation today of the robbery of, a high stakes poller game. The cheriff said a masked bandit held up seven men at an isolated cabin four miles «ast of here Tuesday night and fled with a gunny sack containing their money and their trousers. "We have very little to go on sine«: the matter has not been officially reported," said the sheriff, "and none" of the witnesses are yet willing to testify." Reports of the bandit's loot ranged from SI,000 to $4,000. With military action apparently ruled out—President Eisenhower yesterday pledged every step "humanly possible within Deaceful means'.'—these State Department officials had three principal avenues open to them: 1. To protest in "the "strongest terms possible," as they already have set out to do, to Red China's representative at Geneva. 2. To bring pressure on Communist China, as they have in the past, through British and other Allied representatives at Peiping, or perhaps even through the Russians. 3. To go to the United Nations, as they did with protests against atrocities in Korea- and the shooting down of an American plane, with demands for a resolution of censure. See.CHINESE Page IDA By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Americans the world around time off today from worries tiabbut the Russians, taxes and the hlbrh cost of living to give thanks for the many blessings they do have. Although the weather over much of. the nation left much to be desired, the day promised to be one of the most joyful in the annual observance of this uniquely Anierlcan holiday of prayer and feasting. With the world's shooting wars stilled by ah une&sy peace, the nation coula ecno with deep-felt thanks' Presideiit Eisenhower's Proclamation: ; "We are grateful that our beloved country ... remains free and strong, and that each of us can worship God in bur own way." Government economists did their bit to spread Jby/]}y calculating that the traditional turicey dinner would be fch^per than last yeari Turkeys, the/j^irts said; generally were 4 to li "cents a pound un-der last year's levels. Only the weatherman w a s gloomy. He forecast: Snow ? flurries for most of the noHifieas^ section of the country, wlth'ifain in' New York,. NewHev-sey knd coastal sections of New En^^nd. Partly cloudy was -the word foi! all the.-northern statesjli-pm- Min-heisola, to the PaciflciiQceiih, with '^eil^isisiiiroi andi*^^ ' northerly winds. ' ■■ ■ Thi^' south^ third ^ of the nation; hQweve'r, wfis expected to ihavei generally fali weather. , ,i»reslden(?;ipd. Eisenhower were in;Augiteta,.GMfii for the hdll day.Tjike thoUsahdis of other Americans, they had a guest to help them-eat their turkey—Britain's Field Marshal Viscount Montgomery, the President's World War II comrade in arms and now deputy commandier of Allied forces in Europe. The presidential bird, the gift of the National Turkey Foundation, weighed 43 pounds. The Army furnished turkey dinners to its men in foreign posts. Vice President Richard M. Nixon, vacationing in the Bahama Islands with his wife, was host at,a Thanksgiving dinner for 35 guests at the Nassau home of U. S. Consul Hart-well Johnson. As usual in America, thousands of sports fans were rushing from the loaded dinner table to football stadiums throughout the country to watch one of the traditional Thanksgiving Day games. Among RALEIGH A Craven county the top contests-were Cornell vs man. Reeves Gatlin. convicted of i'sn^ylvania, Colgate vs Brown, manslaughter was granted a new|S6e THANKSGIVING Page IDA trial yesterday by the State Supreme Coiirt. The high court said a Superior , Court judge-has no aur thority to sug:gest to a Jury what its verdict'should i>e. Gatlin..was convicted in Craven last April in the highway death- of Doris Franks, 11, near Vanceboro Feb., 27. Judge Clawson l; Wil- If^-i®,™ ^ LBWISBURG. Pa. ») - FBI In a Cabarm<! rounfv pflsp thpl®®®"^ federal penitentiary couVheS'^at fhetev'.'^l:'. K' Kindley, a member of the South- ide Church at Concord, could.con- ^ije tinue his $30,000 libel suit against^f „ as, saying he was thP T?PV H A PvIvpHp nn^tor in.ured by ' a couple of the chuich." "¡hoodlums .who got all worked up By LEWIS GULICK WASHINGTON — Americans gathering around the Thanksgiving table, going to church or murmuring a special prayer of gratefulness today will be following one of the nation's deepest-rooted traditions. As President Eisenhower noted in his proclamation for today, it was the Pilgrim fathers who started the custom of "dedicating one day at harvest time to rendering thanjts to Almighty God for the bounties of the soil and for his mercies throughout the year." Every schoolboy has heard that the Pilgrims fought death, disease and hunger their first year in the new world. Then in the autumn of 1621, their first harvest in. they celebrated . with the first Thanksgiving \dinner ingg^elrlca. The .custom gsefigthtoughout the colonies, then '"•fiiij.'iiie fledgling United States, even during time»? when it miglit not seem tliere w«' much to be thankful for. , . The Continental Congress annu« ally named days of Thanksgiving during the perilous years of th»: War for Independence. President W a s h 1 n g t o n prflr claimed Tlianksgiving Day in 1789; at Congress' request that the peb-i pie have a chance to acknowledge; "with grateful hearts the many signal favors of Almighty GMi especially by affording them "iaa; opportunity peaceably to establish! a form of government for their; safety and happiness/' . : President Lincoln saw reason to be grateful in the autumn of 1869 even though, as his proclamation put it, the nation was "in thè; midst: of a civil war of unequal«^ 'magnitude and severity/' Linco^ listed iilesslngs which,, he saifi; ' See TRADmON Page lOA -.V Si « Tar Heels' Plans Yariecl By THE ASSOCIATEDÏFRESS :l4ike the Fii^i-'im Fathers, North i'olinians'^paused toddy ,to -glve i&ks for their" blessings. ■ Viftny expressed their, tl^anks at , sclal Thanksgiving church Éerv-■iiceii Others "îtalned lu a'prayér.at -the'-^iUtin — - on. tiUlce^ 'êgi^ckett. wlth'^ trimmings. It was a day , of . rest for mdst citizens. Federal, st.^te,, city' and county offices were closed along with ' schools, post offices, banks and most business -es!;^Ushmentsy It was. anything bùti<i holiday for tile state Highway Patrol, which had Its 530-man force on duty In a special accident prevention drive. The entire patrol force was put on 'round the clock duty from yesteiTday through Sunday. The patrol's electi-onio-,Speed d«-. - tooting; equipment , also .wai in ui.?'. ■ .,Col.. James Rt.:'-Smith," patrol , dommander," heiitledfthef drlve-Zln I aijl(efi6A,> hoW'i^flo ifealitl^s J and.'accidents,; Liili Holiday Brings Pause Today n Cleveland's Sheppard Case Is Being Probed By RICHARD H. SMITH CLEVELAND Ifl)—The prosecution paused for the Thanksgiving holiday today in its effort to send Dr. Samuel H. Sheppard to the electric chair on a. charge of murdering his wife in her bed last July 4. For 13 full trial days the state has paraded its witnesses to the stand, of the small courtroom where the handsome osteopath listens Intently and sometimes takes notes while the case against him la constructed. The trial concludes Its sixth week tomorrow, but the first two and a half weeks were occupied with selection of the jury. The prosecution has been ttying to do two things: (1) Discredit as Invention the defendant's story that a bushy haired prowler Invaded his Bay Kindley charged that Privetts by all the publicity about Commu- had secured his exclusion from the See .COURT Page lOA By JOHN CHADWICK WASHINGTON WI—The offices of several senators said today that in the last week the mail they have, received in favor of censuring' Seh. .McCarthy (R-Wis) has shown a marked Increase. "A noticeable' shift has occurred," said an aide of Sen. Ku-• chel (R-Calif), who has not committed himself on the censure is-sure. Until about a week ago, the , aide said, the bulk of Kuchel's mall was "heavily pro-McCarthy." ■ Several other senators of varying opinions on the censure issue were likewise reported getting more mail opposed to McCarthy's case, although in some instances the over-all ratio was listed as still in. McCarthy's favor or aboufe evenly divided. < On the other hand an aide to Sen. Jenner (Jl-Ind) said the senator's mail was 100 to 1 against censure and had shown no change Jenner is a McCarthy supporter The Senate's debate on the proposed censure of McCarthy, unanimously recommended by a special committee of three Republicans-and three Democrats, began Nov. 8 but was recessed a week See MCCARTHY Page lOA Two.Markets Left For Sales Santa Fe Chief Cars Derailed In Calif.; Four Are Injured Liberals Ask For Resignation Of Prime Minister Yoshida ; TOKYO (/Pt—The newspaper Asa-hi today said administration Liberal party leaders had voted that Shigeru Yoshida should resign as Prime Minister and president of the party. The newspaper said the decision of party leaders would force Yoshida's resignation. Under Japanese law, this would bring about the automatic dissolution of his cabinet. > Party executives, who met at Yoshida's request to discuss the current political crisis, also voted that Deputyi Prime Minister Taker tora Ogata be named president of the party. That would.make him the 'party's candidate for Prime Minister in forming a new govei-n-ment. Tfie Liberal move boosted the chances of'71-year-old Ichiro Ha-toyama to become Prime Minister as the compromise candidate of the conservative parties. Hatoyama, founder of the Liberal party, broke with Yoshida last week and led 124 conservative lower House members into the new, Japan Democratic party. See JAPAN Page lOA ............. Ji« By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS All flue-cured tobacco markets in Virginia and North Carolina were closed, today. Workers get the full advantage of a long holiday weekend'with the markets Remaining closed until Monday. . Most average prices weakenp.d yesterday the Federal-State Market News Service reported. Declines up to $3 per 100 pounds were ■ reported on the Virginia-North Carolina Old Belt with some grades showing-slight gains. Tuas day's gross sales were 5..516,240 pounds for an average of $46.18 down $3,48. Virginia markets sold 3,074,750 pounds, 'averaging on North Carolina markets sold 2,441,490 pounds for an average of $44.16. Volume was light and prices firm on North Carolina's Middle Belt. Tuesday's sales grossed 1,-$48.32.. North Carolina • markets age, down $3.43, the aeason'.s low Only Rocky Mount and Wilson will resume sales on tlie Eastern North Carolina Belt Monday. The six markets operating ruesda y sold 2^441,490 pounds for an average of $44.iiti. NEEDLES, Calif, (fli—Eight cars of the Santa Fe Chief, en route fiam Los Angeles to Chicago, were derailed • lait night near Cadiz in the Molave Desert. Railroad officials said four passengers were injured, suffering minor bruises. The wrecked train's nists." Remington, convicted of perjury after denying he gave government secrets to. the Communists, died in thé Lewisburg. penitentiary hbs Pital ye;Bterday. of a skull fracture Frison officials sa4d; his head was battered whiie hé, slept Monday An emergency opération .Tuesday failed to save his life, late. The train left Los Angeles atl Two other convicts — Identified 4 p.m. yesterday and was due in as George Junior Mc . Coy, 34 Chicago at 9:45 a.m. tomorrow. Gnindy, Va., and Robert Carl The Thanksgiving, eve derail-Parker, 21. Washington, D.C. — ment, cause of <which was unde- were charged with murder In con termined, jolted'the cars off the nectlon with Remington's death tracks at a remjjtfe scene five Both men are serving time on auto miles from the nearest highway theft chai-ges. and 62 miles west of here. Eighteen The probe of the attack on Rem- 95 passengers arrived here today. None of the cars overturned. The ¡hundred feet of trackage" were llngtbn'came as tirison authorities fii'st three cars and the engine re- torn up. temporarily blocking the at Lewlsburg prepared for the ce- Santa Fe main line. lease Saturday of Alger Hiss, due Names of those,injured were not See REMINGTON Page lOA immediately available. 'The passengers miiUed about the station here,, excited but showing See DERAHAtENT Pa,ge lOA malned on the tracks and brought the passengers here. The railroad made up a new train to cqrry the passengers on eastward and said they could continue their journey about 4% hours Rèa son Enough One Confession In Record INDIANAPOLIS W)-One of Victor Lively's repudiated confessions was In the record today as his trial for first degree murder in the dresser drawer killing of Dorothy Poore recessed for the Thanksgiving holiday. The trial will be resumed tomorrow. The state, seeking the death penalty, is expected to move then for admittance of a second statement admitting the killing of th3 18-year-old Clinton, Ind., high school graduate. ' The stocky, 25-year-old' Texan was. on the stand yesterday during a three-hour fight by his counsel to block admittance of a statement he gave to officers at the time of his arrest. The jury was excused! during this argument. L1V e 1 y's attorney, Ferdinand Samper, contended that Lively was under "mental duress" at the time he gave the statement in Missouri. Lively admitted ♦'^-»t no physical FORT WORTH, Tex. (/PI — Doctors stood by for emergency surgery If needed. An ambulance and security patrols, sirens wailing, sped to the runway at Carswell Air Force to meet a civilian plaiie allowed to land because it was feared a man's life was at stake Airman 3C Weston E. Nel lins, Woodlyn, Pa., was lowered to a litter violently ill and almost unconscious. Medics made quick check and came up with the dia^osis: Air sick, acute. Neliins, restored with a couple of pills, caught a big, smooth-flying airliner, on to Woodlyn force was used. However, he said Capt. Robert Newbold .of the sheriff's office at Clay ton,iMo., slapped! for O^anksgiving with the home' See CONFESSION-Page lOA 1 folks. c; ,A;'"S A, Motorists T^i^fe oau '-c'di-efully. -Travel wti be heavy, Five-peijson in .highway jjnishfeps last giving Day; ' ^ • . Gov. and Mrs. Hodges had thelriAi Thanksgiving' dinner at the- exe't^;^ tive^mansion. • ' ' Today marked the opening of '&ic season on rabbit, quail, wild tur-i key and . pheasant. Hundreds 'fof. ; hunters took to the: fields See TAR HEELS Page lOA ' Village home, rained 27 savagt: blows-on the pretty head, ofxihls ,. pregnant wife,! knocked - him -conscious twice when he tried« to; help her, then rifled papers; jaa desks downstairs in a searcht for i money or narcotics and fled carry- i ing the murder weapon: with him.s (2) Build up as the, motive the' crime quarrels between J^iii Sheppard, a boyish-looking 30, and^ his wife Marilyn, 3lT-quarrels oo?;i? casioned by his attentions to other v.'omen, particularly to attraotiv«|, auburn haired Susan Hayes, whos®i;:| home is in Rocky'Rlver, a aubijrftf: ' adjacent to Bay. Village. i-i -The freckle-nosed Miss HayesVij,! 24-year-old laboratory technlci^ai who got to know Dr, Sam-v.ferii?! well during their work togethei^-te;.^ Bay View Hospital, lis to be a sjaT'ss witness for the state. See SHEJ>PARD Page lOA v,,. ——__—- " - ....... •—^ U. S. Offer Of Aid Loosening Hoarded Supplies in Pakistan By HAROLD K. MILKS KARACHI, Pakistan (ffi—Sharp government shakeup and the offer t^iiifeäi A combination of .political economic problems following i lapse of Pakistan's Korean of 105 million dollars In United markets had sent prices to reci States economic aid have combined to loosen hoarded supplies In many sections of Pakistan. Gradually these supplies, including steel and cotton yarn, have started to flow back into the markets in view of promised American help to replenish depleted stocks. This does not mean that Pakistanis economic crisis has been solved. But one of the biggest factors — fear of the immediate future — has been eased. One of the most pronounced developments has been a sharp drop in the cost of native yarns following government decontrol. high levels here; and slashed buying power of this young ria?: tion's 76 million people. With.ffi"-situation came hoarding, movei * buy up available supplies ' store them .away for future ji Under the U.S. assistance gram. Pakistan redfeives ,mc economic help this- year thàn^ larger neighbor; Indlav Thei futti will be used in part to furnîS steel, sugar, long.'staple cotton, mixing with Pakistan cottoni-j: and nonferrous metals; pétrole' products, and machinery up 'to. value of about 40 million doUfiaii Then 35 millions will be us|d," See PAKISTAN Page lOA Absentee Ballot Applications^ RALEIGH (ff) — The State Board of Elections has turned over the 9th District absentee ballot applications to J. ,E. Holshouser of Boone, Republican member of the board. Raymond Maxwell, executive secretary of the board, -said yesterday the applications are from all counties in the district except Caldwell. The Caldwell applications presumably are in Statesvllle with other records of the Nov. election in the 9th. Holshouser will be in charge of the applications while they are being examined by a house campaign investigating committee looking into Republican complaints of al leged misuse of absentee ballots;^lBsd the" 9th. The committee will beginil' hearings 'on the charges Dec, .7i:at / Statesville. , Samuel H. Still, agent committee, had said the board-foinii ficials may be subpoenaed to ¡f; duce the absentee applic'atloB«',-? However, Board Chairman ; Hampton Price said Tuesday thajt Still could see the applica,ti6hs, without a subpoena pi'ovided .thsy.l' are in the possession of an agentV' of the board. Still telephoned yesterday. Statesville that this arrangeti is all right with him. Counties in the district art.; See BALLOTS Page IDA
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