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Robesonian (Newspaper) - July 11, 1945, Lumberton, North Carolina VOL LXXVINO 1086151 Dailr Except SatMrtor N C WEDNESDAY JULY 111945 Six Pages Today County God and Truth Price 5 Cents Established 1870 Col Ubell Hit Lethal Fire Bombs Truman And Aides Enjoying Trip On Historic Warship Party Is On Peaceful At lantic Crossingen Route For Big 3 Parley AIR TECHNICAL SER VICE COMMAND IN EUROPE Robert N Isbell professor of organic chemistry at Wake from equipment in the field re quiring no separate manufactur ing ol parts The two chemical weapons with Forest N C College now onwhich he io shown aie converted military leave was icvealed as triefather of the lethal fire bombs pictured above which played such ait important role inspeeding the destruction of Germany While serving as chemical of for Technical Ser Command in Europe Colonel Isbell designed these fire from discarded and capturedaux iliary fuel tanks His fiie bombs which are also playing a laige role m the deleat ot Japan fiom the are considered the more miraculous foi being developed aircraft fuel tanks At left is one By Ernest BVactaro Aboard Cruiser Augusta July with this historic warship carired President Truman steaidily closer today to his first big three meeting on the outskirts of Berlin Mr Truman holds high hopes his Potsdam talks with Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin not only will chart the course of lasting European peace but speed an Allied victory over Japan as well A twocruiser task force is car rying the chief executive and his party across the Atlantic As the ships reached midocean yesterday Mr Truman approved the first direct shipboard report on his voyage whichup to that through waters as calm as the Missouri river Cor respondents of the three news services and a representative of the radio networks are making the trip withthe presidential party Enjoying Himself Up no later than 6 a m every day Mr Truman wears a sjjwrty cap cocked on the side of Jiis head and obviously is enjoying himself He is suntanned and looks as fit as an athlete On Monday the President con More Army Unite From Europe Arc MASSED AIR POWER HITS JAPAN of the thousands of captured j ducted his newsmen companions German tanks which was filled na tour of the battletested snip by the chemical section with a highly inflammable compound and dropped on enemy concentra tions of vehicles and supplies It led from the boiler rooms to the highest control towers and took in giant en gines kitchen facilities living quarters of officers and crewmen m J i1 1 A I M O VFJL a O1JU t 1UCJ The fire bomb at the Bright was and the airconditioned sick bay made from a regulation XJ S auxiliary tank with acapacity of 108 gallons Colonel Isbell will be reriiem beied by geneiations of Wake Foiesleis as oigan ized the college band ussies secure Dan Bay Move Toward Oil Fields J V position In Push To ward Refinery and Oil Fields Gains Counted In Yards Thirteenthv airforcer Liberators and Mitchells continued to closely support blasting ground enemy operations by gun positions Chatting seamen patients there Mr Truman voiced the hope to one youth he would recover soon then added It looks to me like ou aie getting pietty good care chief executive made easy transport and buildings In northwest Borneo Aussie By Spencer Davis Manila ians by a new shoretoshore movement in southeast Borneo slightly more than 400 miles east of Singapore Killed In Action Among North Carolinians re ported by the Navy department as dead Woodrow Wilson Falls cox swain USNR husband of Mrs Elizabeth Beeson Falls of Pem broke v Carlton Matticke Fonvielle storekeeper 2nd class USNR son of Mr and Mrs Edward William Fonvielle of Tabor City Believed Executed on the Ninth division patrols were active but failed to find any Japanese south of the Miri oil area Supporting aircraft sank three enemy freighters off Kuching a have completed the capture of the major Borneo airfield which is Balikpapan bay area including terrain commanding all of the fine broad harbor and also have invested the fiercely defended Pandansari refinery area head quarters reported today With the enemy still in control of all major fields which formerly supplied the port with pure bun ker fuel and the refinery machin ery a mass of twisted wreckage the capture of the port has no immediate military significance Beyond Balikpapan once the greatest oilrefining and shipping port of Borneo other Australians of the Seventh division smashed against a Japanese resistance point on the low slopes of Mt Batochampar six miles north Slow Advance Northeast of the bay roadto the great salt marsh oil fields Aussies advancing slowly beyond Manggar aifield crushed two Japanese infiltration attempts Saturday night The Aussies gained a thousand yards along highway five which the enemy has attempted to block with drums of blazing oil The highway swerves inland over roll ing forested hills at Tarttip about five miles beyond Manggar but the fighting thus far is still in the flatlands under native cultiva tion along the coast Final control of the area aroiincl the big Balikpapan anchorage which will handle unlimited ship ping was effected by a smallboat landing of Maj Gen Milfords Australians at Djinabora four miles north of previous positions at Cape Penadjam on the west shore of the bay Just across the bay Dutch Troops held Cape WEATHER Considerable fJotiriintM ami a little cooler today and tonight HcaUered over wmtheaxl portion thta afternoon ThvfMUr partly cloudy and mild High yesterday 94 tiw thta mornuic Sailed From Newport Leaving Washington last Friday night the party sailed Saturday froai Newport News Va Jn the staff ever to accompany a president to such a Secretary State James F Byrnes Fleet Admiral William D Leahy the Presidents personal chief of staff and his military and naval aides Brig Gen Harry H Vaughan and Capt James K Yardman High speed j radio transmitters keep Mr Tru man in constant touch with the White House The guns aboard this and the acompanying cruiser are a con stant reminder of the war still be ing fought on the other side of the globe Gunnery practice was held yesterday and Mr Truman watch ed the firing He was an artillery captain in World War I Plans Tentative All plans for the Potsdam meet ing are described as tentative in cluding reports of a visit to Lon don The 14yearold Augusta was the scene of President Roosevelts and Prime Minister Churchills historic rendezvous of August 1941 at which they drew up the memoranda later known as the Atlantic Charter At the time of Pearl Harbor the vessel was the flagship of Admiral King and in October 1942 became the flagship of Rear Adm H K Hewitt it took part in the North African Normandy and Southern France invasions Large Number Of Men Aboard Ships Docking At New York and Vir ginia Ports By The Associated The following army units arrive iw the United States today Wed from Europe At New general hospital advance units of 10 othf er general hospitals Eighth force units 345th and 347th regi ments 87th division 4HUi and 415th 104th division Also 462nd ordnance tire repair company 440th 446th 458th and 491st bombard ment groups advance detach nvent G24th ordnance base auto mobile battalion headquarters and headquarters company of 1199th engineer base depot 374tli 375th 376th 378th and 79th air service groups 394th 395th1 396th 397th 417th 418th 419th 420th 421st 422nd and 423rd MP gate detachments headquarters and headquarters battery of 87th division artillery 87th CIC de tachment headquarters and headquarters company and head quarters special troops of 87th division headquarters and head quarters company 5th corps with MP platoon headquarters and headquarters battery Sth corps artillery 5th engineer special brigade headquarters The 205th CIC detachment 55th and 56th order of battle teams 169th 170th and 171st photo in terpreting teams 329th medical battalion 804th ordnance light maintenance company 104th quartermaster company 104ih signal company MP platoon of 104th division 787th tank battal ion 47th bomb group 84th and 86th bomb squadrons 794th air materiel squadron part of 101st cavalry reconnaissance squadron mechanized 781st tank battalion and headquarters company 12th armored group and 22nd infantry regiment Fourth division At Hampton Roads and 787th tank battalion ele ments of 22nd infantry regiment Fourth engineers battalion Fourth rnedical battalion and Fourth sig nal company At Newport Netvs VaPart of Sth infantry division 13th in fantry regiment and 373rd engi neers service unit More than1500 U S planes based on carriers and American Islands of the Pacific roared over Japan July10 In the great est single days attack on the Jap empire Ship and plane sym bols denote the course of attack The mammoth assaults follow ed on the heels of a raid by a force of 500 to 550 Superfortresses flagr and plane symbols on five Jap cities Superfortresses bas ed in the Marianas hit Sendai 180 miles north of Tokyo in the longest mission of the war and also raided Gifu Wakayama Sakai and Yokkaishi AF Wirephoto Both Niraitz And Tokyo Talk Invasion As Carrier Strike Finds Jap Planes In Hiding Seventh War Loan Sets New Records In War Financing Biggest Loan In History Ends With 994 of E Goal Reached Washington July Seventh war loan has gone down in history as the bigge5t financing operation of this or any other war There will be another bond drive this year starting perhaps Sheared Of Bonus Awaits Approval i Major Changes Are Aim ed At Simplifying Loan Procedures Washington July 11 UP A revised GI bill of rights with a servicemens bonus provision dis carded awaited final approval to dayof thejipuse vj State Leaf Crop Estimated Only 2 PC Over 44 Raleigh July mates of the 1945 fluecured to bacco crop in North Carolina were revised downward yesterday to a total of 756675000 pounds by the State Department of Agriculture The new figure represents a two signed to simplify procedure by tram It makes no major changes in the loan education and job pro visions of the original overall veterans benefits measure but is intended to overcome difficulties that have developed during the bills first year of operatio Stricken out by a onesided committee vote was Chairman Rankins proposal to pay every veteran with 90 or more days of honorable service an outright bonus of This is the same amount provided in the GI bill for exservicemen unable to obtain jobs The Mississippi Democrat offer ed the proposal to offset what he said was an encouragement to idleness in the original bills pro vision for jobless pay ments for one year His plan called for the weekly pay ments to every veteran employed or unemployed The bonus proposal definitely is not dead Rankin asserted To Simplify Procedure Major changes approved tenta tively by the committee are de Charters Critics Air Their Views To Senate Group in November are not likely just ended Final figures But future drives to equal the one were announced No Air Opposition Met Carrier PJanes Had Whole Day Free To Bomb Tokyos 70 Air ports Jap Planes Be lieved Hoarded For Invasion last night bySecretary of the Treasury Morgenthau Although sales of Ebonds fell short of making the quota the Amer ican people reached 994 per cent of their goal securities New 7ecords in those lowcost re set in each category of the drive Here ara the statistics Total sales Quota Previous record war loan in the 4th Individual sales Voice Opposition to Previous record fication May Go to Floor Next Week For Debate per cent gain last years crop First Game of Junior Series Rained Out Red Springs first contest of a fivegame series to determine the American Legion I Junior championship in eastern North Carolina was rained out in the second inning at the Bobbins park here yesterday At the time Laurinburg had a 21lead over Wilson The game xvill be played this afternoon Malcolm Grandy pitched for Laurinburg and Herman Vick was on the mound for Wilson Joseph Morton As sociated Press war correspon dent h believed to have been executed by the Germans in Slovakia Ian 24 1945 after his capture while on a military mis sion It is thought he was the first Allied war correspondent executed by the Germans Mor ton was a native of St Joseph Mo Ap as against a previously estimated four per cent gain According to statistician J J Morgan the 1945 crop still would be the second largest on record being exceeded only by the 1939 record of 812 540000 pounds of fluecured leaf Cool weather followed by high temperatures and deficient mois ture during the growing season were said to have resulted in early budding and reduction in weight Morgans report shows 714000 acres planted in tobacco this year five per cent above last year and fourth largest acreage crop on record It would be exceeded onlv by the 1929 1930 and 1939 acre ages Earning well underway in the Border belt is now beginning in the eastern section Morgan said Rains from the tropical storm of June 25 caused some drowning of the crop in Columbus Brunswick and Pender counties according to reports Liberated Among North Carolinians re ported by the Navy department as wounded Cpl Roy Rudolph Locklenr USMCR son of Mrs Margaret B Locklcar of Lumber ton Pfc Ezra Theodore Brhmn USMCR husband of Mrs Lucinda Pait Brisson of Dublin Erwin Kcdreth BulUrd seaman 2nd class USNR husband of Mrs Mary Bullard of Chadbourn R 2 f Among North Carolinians re I ported by the War department as liberated from German prisons Second Lt Albert Warren Wil liams husband of Mrs Rebecca B Williams of St Pauls MASONIC MEETING There will be a special munication of St Albans No 114 A F and A M at the Masonic hall Friday at 8 p m for work in the first degree com veterans may obtain gov eminentguaranteed loans and io liberalize the educa tion section of the original legis lation The changes resulted from complaints to the committee that red tape was making it diffi cult for veterans to avail them selves of the laws benefits The committee adopted an am endment by Representative Scriv ner RKas giving either the sen ate or the house committee hand ling veterans affairs authority to review and veto any regulations issued by the veterans administra tion under the G I bill 45 Tobacco Crop PC Below 44 Washington July ponents of the United Nations charter trooped before the foreign relations committee to Tex expressSa any restrictive amendmentwould be beaten down The first opposition witness Mrs Agnes Waters ofv Washing ton D C was escorted from the committee table by policemen when she attempted to continue after her allotted time had ex pired What we need is a good old fashioned American revolution Mrs Waters shouted as she left Mrs Waters a familiar figure at congressional committee hear ings said she represented the National Blue State Mothers She denounced the charter as an in ternational fraud Other opposition witnesses in cluded Mrs Cecil Broy of Arling ton Va representing Americans United Inc who said the charter will lead to empire ruie and the Rev J Paul Cotton Cleveland representing the World Peace For um who declared there is some thing sinister in the speed senate action on the pact Ely Culbertson bridge expert submitted a statement declaring the only effective way to prevent I War aggression isto esablish a world vvide limitation on heavy arma ment and an international police force As the foreign relations corn the 5th war t Ebond sales in cluded in the individual Quota Previous record in the 4th war loan Corporate sales Quota Previous record By Leif Erickson Guam July Fleet Adm Chester W Nimitz and the Tokyo radio spoke openly of fu ture American invasion moves to day as first fragmentary assess ment of Tuesdays 1000plane car rier assault on Tokyo accounted for only 154 enemy planes The defending enemy air force clearly xvas absentbr reluctant Tokyo radio speculated that the American carrier strike presaged an invasion and recalled that the last carrier force blow at Tokyo was followed promptlyby landings on Iwo Jirria Admiral Nimiti reported a re grouping of growing American air power in the Ryukyus giving Gen May 14 and ended June 30 The accounting period ran fromApdl 9 through July 7 S Robert Parnell Home From Great Lakes Robert Parnell seaman first class arrived last night to spend a week with his wife and chil dren Lynn and Robert Jr Par nell entered teh Navy May 23 and completed recruit training at Great Lakes Naval Training sta tion Manganese a material used in small quantities to toughen steel may be needed in the human diet so tests with rabbits indicate down aggression Charter supporters made It plain at yesterdays hearings that they believe Edward R Stettinius Jr designated by President Tru man as this countrys delegate ought to have wide power to de cide upon the use of U S mili tary forces in such a venture all army planes added that his own marine and navy aircraft will continue their strang ling blockade of Japan prepara tory to further amphibious as saults1 No Air Opposition Preliminary reports for the morning half of Tuesdays carrier plane asault showed that only two of the 154 Japanese planes des troyed or damaged were airborne Both were reconnaissance craft snooping too near the mighty U S Third fleet circling offshore None of the warships including the biggest type carriers and battle ships was attacked Nimitz said With no indication of ajr op position the heavily armed Helldivers Avengers Hellcats and Corsairs evidently wer frcp odd Airports A simultaneous strike of Ivo Jimabased Mustangs at Kobe a major port of Honshu on the In land sea found virtually no aer ial opposition there either One enemy plane was shot down 18 knocked out on the ground The raiding pilots turned to shipping and ground targets burning an Washington D C July llUP 1945 tobacco crop was esti mated yesterday by the Agricul ture department at 1890328000 pounds a drop of three per cent from last years harvest but still 36 per cent above the ten year average A production of 1091000000 pounds of fluecured tobacco was forecast This is about the same as last years crop of fluecured Total production of all types compared with last years crop showed North Carolina 774875 000 pounds and 755806000 South Carolina 132000000 pounds and mittee he heads to hear an abbreviated lineup of opposi tion witnesses Connally told re porters he is ready to face the is sue of charter amendments now adding Weve got the votes to knock them down Connellys estimate was sup ported by Senator Wheeler CD Mont who said in a separate in terview he did not believe any reservations would obtain 4 ma jority vote The committee allotted 15 min utes each today to about a dozen witnesses opposed to the 50na tion peacekeeping agreement Connally tried to get the op ponents started yesterday but none responded to his call to tes tify Saying he had been advised they wanted to go home and study the constitution first the chairman added he bought that a laudable activity Connally said a similar num ber of charter proponents will be heard and the hearings closed probably this week It ought to be possible he added to get the treaty before the senate early next week There are indications that at jthat time reservations may be 1 offered attempting to define the The United States has produced authority the American delegate about 50 percent more food an nually during the present war period than in WorldWar 1 to the proposed world security council would have in voting to I use United States troops to put Former Lt WiJHam K Dob son above of Atlanta served M months overseas with the army was wounded twice in battle was is back in the army as a private drafted hv his local selective service Ixvml He has gone to Fort Blamlinff FU for basic training AP Photov aircraft plant ravaging two air fields and sinking or damaging 25 vessels Fleet aircraft and Southwest Pacific planes hit 16 other enemy ships There was no indication today from fleet headquarters whether Vice Adm John S McCains pow erful Task Force 38 was continu ing its search for targets around Tokyo or had moved elsewhere in its search for the last of Japans air power SUll In Vicinity Tokyo radio said today that the U S carrier task force from which 1000 planes have been blasting the Japanese apparently has withdrawn in fear of suicide plane attacks Tokyo reported there had been no raids by carrierbased aircraft today but expressed belief that the enemy task force is still in the seas in the vicinity of our homeland The enemy broad cast was monitored by the federal communications commission Tokyo said 1200 carrier air craft raided airdromes around the capital for 12 hours yesterday Propagandists made the claim that there were almost no damages inflicted upon our air fields airfield facilities and ships Theradio claimed thai o raiders were shot down and a considerable number of others damaged While reporting the carrier plane lull Tokyo said that American fighters continued steady pounding of airfields the home island of Kyushu The enemys remaining ccnVcat aircraft either were remaiaiv hidden for invasion day use or had been far from Tokyo to rally quickly to that citys defense Three Air Commands The shift in American air com mands in the Ryukyus will wAt in three powerful commands M operating within striking distant jof the Japanese homeland j Far eastern air forces under iMacArthurs air chief Gen George C Kenney now include the Okinawabased Seventh iir force as well as the Fifth amM3tu air forces Fleet and Marine aircraft on bothOkinawa and TwoJima underAdmiral Nimitz command The newlydesignated strategic on Page
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