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High Point Enterprise, The (Newspaper) - June 3, 1942, High Point, North Carolina WEATHER Weather GrecnsboroHlgh Point and Men either late this after Boon or THE HIGH POINT ENTERPRISE KEEP FLYING 154 ASSOCIATED SERVICE HIGH WEDNESDAY JUNE 1942 WORLD FEATURE SERVICE PRICE FIVE CENTS BRITISH SLASH AT AXIS IN LIBYA AS BIG BOMBERS AGAIN ROAR OVER ESSEN THE WAR TODAY By DeWITT MacKFJVZIE XWkle World War Analyst X Chinese Recapture Yangki Cologne Essen And after hati Some twentyone years ago he late General Gulio Dou one time head of Italys nilitary advanced a neory which has come to ear his name that a na iori could be forced to sur in fortyeight hours hrough systematic destruc ion of its cities by waves of nemy he gave a hypothetical picture of rrance and Belgium being under in two days by a nighty German air Douhets idea was that as city after city the morale of the wpulation would go to and he government would lose all con Said he It will not be long before the driven solely by an in of will de mand cessation of hostilities at any CIVILIANS SUFFER The general admitted that in order to effect such destruction t would be necessary lo ignore the safety of civilian he maintained that such deaths couldnt be avoided in mod ern during the frightful months of August and September iwo years after the collapse of it looked as though Hitler was going to demonstrate in large degree the Qpuhet Horrible dealh and devastation from the clouds untilit seemed that tortured nerves ot Ihe people of Britain could stand no But they turned their brave faces to the skies and defied the It seemed thai Hiller had shown us the limit of bombing But two years have brought great and we now see far more powerful air fleets carrying to German cities the catastrophe of which Douhet A huge portion of the ancient Rhenish city of Cologne lies and the tvsualties are said to run to big Rhineland Heavy Rains Hinder Japs On East Coast House Votes War Against Three Balkan Countries Chinese Cut Triangular Chunk From Flank Of Japa nese Lines In Chekiang V By The Associated Press Chinese dispatches reported today that Generalissimo Chiang KaiSheks armies had cut a triangular chunk from the flank of the Japanese lines in Chekiang province with the recapture of 45 miles northwest of Kinhwa and said heavy rains were bogging the Japanese invasion of Chinas east Serious difficulties still con fronted the Chinese in lower Che as Japanese col umns battled the defenders only 12 miles northeast of the impor tant city of 45 miles of the Jap aneseoccupied provincial j While Chiangs armies struggled to stem the British For eign Secretary Anthony Eden told i parliament in London that Britain and the United States were send ing China all leaselend war rials which it is possible lo supi ply amid other urgent ments and ihe difficulties of trans The United States yesterday signed an agreement bringing j China into the leaselend bloc oft allies on virtually the same basis as Other developments Madagascar Frances Vichy government announced that Brit ish troops had starled moving on the French island of off the coast of Southeast and had oc cupied the town of No fighting was mentioned in the but air activity was said to have increased on both RAID JAP BASES Douglas Mac June ff The House of Representatives voted without a voice be ing raised in lo add Hungary and Rumania to the list of countries with which the United States is at The resolutions declaring war will be acted on tomorrow by the which was in recess to There was no debate or dis cussion as the resolutions were rapidiy disposed of in as routine a manner as if they had been minor GAY ATMOSPHERE In sharp contrast to the som ber atmosphere that prevailed when three previous declara tions were Germany and House was almostgay as it went about the work of officially labeling the three Axis satellites as Uncle Sams Members talked and milled around and there was so much confusion in that respect that the clerk had difficulty at times hearing roll call Speaker Rayburn announced the vote on the Bulgarian reso lution as 357 to Miss Jean nette Rankin who cast the only vote against the claration against Japan last De and who later voted present on declaration against Germany and was not on the floor when the first roll was cabled Evidencing the same unanim representatives promptly started voting for war against All three of the na tions have declared war against the United and Presi dent Roosevelt yesterday recom mended that this nation offi cially recognize the existence of a state of Rayburn announced the vote on the Hungarian declaration as 359 to with none voting The Rumanian resolution came The in recess arranged to vote on the resolu tions Discontinuance Of CCC Voted House Committee Edwin Gill Has f I Free Hand In Revenue Badoglio Protests Subordination Of Italian Officers Program For Production Of Steel Cut Material Shortages Will Pare TenMillionTon Steel Expan sion Program SuddenThrust Menaces Axis Supply Lines London Admits Has Mopped Up British Forces in 9Mile Sector Nazi Planes Wreak Vengeance on Canterbury Fight ing Rages Near Leningrad By KOGEK GltEENE Associated Press War Editor Britains desert armies lashed out on the offensive with a 30mile thrust against the Axis in North Africa today while June RAF perhaps 400 battered the great German previously planhvar foundries city of Essen for the second time in 24 ned tenmillionton steel ex London military quarters acknowledged that Axis troops pansion program will be cut 30 to 35 per two top war production officials announc ed because of material American industry in general must prepare to patch and pray i to keep its existing equipment at said William in a press conference at which he gave a frank and unencouragyig re view of the countrys looming j shortages of copper and other war Ball is chairman of the WPB requirements He was at the conference by newly named director of WPB materials had mopped up British forces in a 9mile sector of the 50mile British defense line in but declared the Axis supply line was seriously endangered by a thrust to Rotunda June state paroles commissioner since today Tiad a free hand to reorganize the stormtossed State Department of Governor an nouncing the appointment of Gill as revenue commissioner succeed ing Allen said that the new money division chief would be given an absolule Arlhurs headquarlers reported v frcc hand to make personnel residents reportedly are seeking j that ailied bombers had inflicted safely in panicky The i heavy new blows on Japanese neihboring city of with racks and other targets on enemy bases north of neighboring city its vast Krupp armament held invasion a similar cxpcri and Hitlers main source of A communique said United munitions has been given a terrific blasting ONLY THE BEGINNING And this is only the beginning of a systematic destruction of Ger man one by British Premier Churchill has promised and has added grimly that the assault will be intensified when Ihe American air flcel joins the Royal Air Force in this un precedented To what ends will such power carry ihe ajiies Right here I think we should regard with reserve predictions that the Anglo American air forces can reduce the Germans to impotence withoul the necessily of opening a second land front in Western That is assuming more than pre lient facts although theres no harm in hoping it may come German civilians tor the first time are being made to feel the weight of allout war such as their fuehrer thrust upon the They escaped manhandling in the and had hoped lo avoid it on a large scale in this Will German morale stand Ibis new lerror Time alone will Who can say that human nerves can endure what hc allies arc now handing and undoubtedly will intensity What we do know is thai Ihe chirf isbeing dealta fierce and perhaps irreparable in the destruction of We lack details about hut the Ios of any considerable portion of this mainstay of German arms would be a major disaster for the ions airmen set huge fires at deep in the Solomon is ands off Australias northeast and also who earlier had had a bitter exchange of words with Ihe office of Stale Auditor George Pou over the responsibility for the deiection of recent short ISagcs of former Revenue Depart s merit will head a new ralias norlljcast rcscarch after becomes effective Klving Ti assistant pa Ber volunteers were officially as cVediled with destroying 28 to 32 j paroles commissioner b the Tapanese planes and making 12 The paroles commission s major attacks with a loss of only j chief mvestiga lor William will succeed Maxwells rcsignalion had been widely predicted since a recent in vesligalion of mishandling of pub lic funds in his department and the indictment and conviction of several former employes on em bezzlement charges but Governor Broughton reiterated that there was nothing to reflect on Max wells six planes during CHINA RECEIVING ALL AID ALLIES CAN SUPPLY June eign Secretary Anthony Eden as sured the House of Commons today that Britain and the States were sending China all leaselend war materials which it is possi ble to supply in view of other urgent requirements and the diffi culties of Appropriations Group Ap proves Huge Sum For Labor Jiine AP The House Appro priations committee approved today a bill for the labor the so cial security board and related agencies after eliminating a fund for the Civil ian Conservation Chairman Cannon DMo of the committee said the members voted 15 to 12 to end the CCC program on a motion by Engel Hare chairman of the subcommittee which prepared the said the committee mem bers apparently believed that the CCC was no longer BILL ALREADV The which had been in the bill for the CCC itself was a of from the 1942 There were at thebeginning of present fiscal yearand the reduced appropriation was to have trimmed this to CCC insisted in testimony that the corps was necessary for work at army cantonments and for forest fire and argued that a on rage 3 June Tass dispatch from Geneva reported to day that a tetter complaining against the undignified subordi nation of the Italian general staff to German command has been written to King Vittorio Emanuclc by Kieid Marshal Pietio b being Avidety cir culated among high Italian offi Bill Would Double Size Of Navy June I can see times ahead when a TAl measure au shipway may Huge fires were said to have been left raging in Essens In a spokesman said the objectives of the terrific assaults on Cologne and the Ruhr had al ready been substantially achieved and declared that a total of RAF planes bombing Germany j each month was not a fantastic j We will repeat rhe dose and the ciose will get the spokes man i In the House of Representatives voted war against Hitlers Balkan satel av irllo io i moriziiiu construction of j die for lack 500 fljrhtinir Hungary and Ru i ammunition mav nw ouu of steel and ammunition mav slow down for lack of copper and Batt Thus far the military has been able to dip into civilian he but this pool is nearly SHIPS IN CONVOY June States ships were included in the China recently has issued urgent large convoy which fought its way appeals for greater to Murmansk last though especially to help comj five days and of heav at bat powerful Japanese offensives I tacks by German dne bombers and torpedo ofti on her east and The United States yesterday sighed an agreement with China bringing her into the leaselend cial circles reported Russian and British ships also were In the which bore in ii i it i 1111 w iv iv bloc of allies on virtually the same tanks and aircraft lo basis as Part Of Votes In Randolph Thrown Out June To these High Point boys who have died in the service ot their this city pays tribute and gives its eterni JAMES GASH AW EDGAR JAMES GREENE SAMUEL WILLIAM WASHINGTON By RAV TUCKER DAMAGE Army topnotchers concede in offtherecord discus sions that a few sour ones have crept into the officers corps since the United States contracted to build historys most powerful mili tary But they maintain that commissioning of unqualified children of political and wealthy families has been checked by Sec retary In a sharp memo to the High Command many months the cabinet member declared thai he intended to adopt vhe lofty ideals and standards established by his man instead of accepting an indi vidual simply because he wanted honor and glory for himself and The conscientious New Yorker for a while insisted that every applicant bo brought before him for personal But when rapid expansion of his unit made this task too he created an Officer Personnel Board consisting of some of our most exacting retired Their identity is kept secret so that the politicos and influential cannot reach and harass The few incpts who slipped past the gacs did so before the issue of this Stimson In ho intervened because of their unob cail The Randolph County Board of Elections today ordered all votes cast in New Hope Town ship Uirown out because held that they had been improperly im pounded with the result that Lassiter led the sheriffs race in the county with votes just nine more than the second high man Cofeaturing the developments in the political situation in Ran dolph was the resignation of Colvjn as chairman of the countys board of elections and the ap pointment of a former chairman in his who was appointed by state elections board met with the two other board Burns and here this morning and decided not to count the New Hope Township vote they the ballotscast in that town for which John Johnson is were improperly im New Hope Township is located just above the Montgomery County line on Uwharrie north of the old Russell i Marshal Badoglio was chief ofi the Italian general slaff for 15 years before his resignalion was announced during the ItalianGreek Little has been heard of the warrior since his resignation but a report in to the New York Times last April said Badoglio was known in Rome as the official opponent of Pre mier Tass report quoted letter as expressing regret Ihe present situaiion of Ihe Italian general PUPPET OFJICEKS Badogiio was said to have point ed out that as a result of what he called the cooperation between the Axis armed Italian staff officer virtually were denied the possibility of planning inde iwndently their operations on the Mediterranean The news report said Badoglio declared that the Italian army has its own traditions and its own strategic principles bill under the present situation the Italian armed forces could not fol low these tradilions and princi It was said according to many Italian high offi cers share his lhat such a state of affairs may lead to the degeneration of the Italian Sometimes called the Italian Marshal Badoglio had supreme command of all three branches of the nations fighting forces before his communique announcing his re ttrement gave no saying only that il was on his own re SpcThat Marshal Badoglio still was in the good graces of King Vitlorio Emanuele was indicated in a New York Times dispatch from Switzerland lasl April JS reporl on Pace S Is Sunk Off Burma Merchant Vessel Ripped Open by Two Torpedoes From Axis Submarine June A British merchant shin was sunk several hundred miles of Ber muda May 20 by a submarine vhich ripped hrr oprn with two orprdoes and surfrcod to ire four as the crew lowered killing six of their num Details of ihe daylight attack were told here by 15 survivors who seven days on the ocean in a lifeboat before they were picked up by another cargo The navy announced the sinking of the mediumsized vessel n progriuii which would ionie close to doubling the of the United States fleet was drafted today liy Chairman Yin son DCa of he House naval CaG ANTIC PROG Yiiisvn the for the pro a dissenting voice and without The Senate will act on the resolution lomor On he north African dis patches reported there was no sign letup in the terrific pace of Rotunda Axis lies30 miles of the ad pram ever authorized at one vanced Axis aid that the CARRIED GUN CREW Crewman Sidney Bousfiold of lold newsmen the ship was armed and carried a gun crew of sailors and and said that the twoocean navy probably would he finished in the next 24 j The bill would call for 000 tons of aircraft tons of cruisers of both the light and 000 tons of destroyers and de stroyer escort and 800 small vessels for patrol niinelaying and The new ships would be in ad dition to those already authoriz ed for In its lust official disclosure of strength in October of last navy reported 310 fifclitinjr ships service and 847 The House appropriations committee sent to the floor to dav a supplemental marine corps and coast cunrd supply hill callinfr for in direct appropriations and in contract authori of which was earmarked for submarine Just how many subincrsibles this would provide for has never been disclosed but WITHDRAW TANKS Frontline dispatches said the Germans had now established a new alignment after withdrawing westward from a violent tank bat tle at 25 miles southwest of While the RAF blasted German night raiders again at tacked the ancient English cathe dral city of a Nazi communique The German high command ad rniued that the British had caus ed considerable damage in an at tack on Ruhr Valley neighbor of and that the death toll at Cologne had risen to i Fires and smoke still shrouded on The ship listed so that ttie gun crew was unable to train its deck gun on the undersea he i semiofficial estimates were that xuaettTO it would add upwards of 100 lonp ranjre undersea raiders to the i House Group Urges Legislation Paying Fighters Families Three lifeboats were lai hut became separated the second day and the occupants of Bous fields boat did not sight the others There were 21 men in fields boat wheh it was but five were killed and another fatally wounded by splinters from the submersibles which struck the sinking ship near the lowered The five bodies were buried at sea and that of the sixth who died shortly before he rescue vessel arrived was brought to Nor The ship went down 40 minutes on Page 3 AXXENBLRG FREE June Philadelphia was released from the Northeastern Federal Penitentiary on parole today because of his health after sening 23 months of a threeyear senlence in the largcsl Individual income lax case on He left here just before 9 Associate Warden Alex ander disclosed after the Juslice Deparlment at Washington an nounced the publisher was being released immediately of on June 11 as originally Devastating Air Assaults May Make Second Front RV JOHN miiMTOWKK power alone was entirely fca forces need move in against litllc June j Asserting that the time has now j come when many men with do i pendents must of necessity assume the responsibility of defending their the House Mili tary Committee pressed for pass age today of legislation making financial allowances for families of fighting EXPECT EARLV APPROVAL Chairman May IDKy said he hoped to win House approval by nightfall of a bill under which senice men with dependents would allot part of their pay to depen dents and the government would make supplementary In urging passage of the meas the committee emphasized did not intend to give local draft boards the inipression that estab lished families should be indis criminately uprooted and torn from their mooring solely because of the fact that their financial needs have been taken care some committee mem bers said that whilethe War De partment did not contemplate the drafting of family heads unless June I these were own First World War served Even the brass thp late Newton Besides i contCnd thai there are not fixing rigid and detailed specinca moro than a score of these in a lo Siimson required that the government need and seek the Continued on Page Three Other results in the as result of ihe throwing out of the New Hope Brad and Fred Hcnrl No announcement had born made today as to whether i run eft would be called for by the sheriffs Enthusiastic American hailing Britains massive bombing attacks on Germany as a demon stration of the true meaning of aerial predicted today that the growing might of British American air forces could reduce the Nazis to virtual military impo tence without the opening of a sec ond front on the The flaming devastation drop pqd on Cologne and these experts were only the prelim inary to a campaign of strategical bombing which oould the Some relief of pressure on the Russian fronl by diverting Luft waffe strength to the protection of industrial Destruction of industrial cen such as the great gun works at Essen and the metal plants at so as to increas ingly difficult for the Nazis to re place their front line war ma OPINIONS DIFFER Beyond these the ories as to how lo conquer Ger many are split between those who JVMULMl IS IHVn c German war machine without the claim that American and British air power can do the whole aid of land Military men holding more tra ditional concepts of warfare did not go nearly so far in thair ap praisal of although they acrred that attainment of sonif immediate objectives by the use of and the more traditional strateg ists who it as an undertaking for cooperating air and ground The airmen more than nominal This wcakcning they can be achieved by strategical bombing which they describe as an entirely new method of attack that the Germans only approached in their assault on England in the Fall and Winter of As authoritatively Ihe method works like this Suppose it is decided to inter rupt enemy production of heavy Plants in which bomber parls arc made and assembled are ploilcd and the most vulnerable poinl in the construction process is Perhaps it is found that that only four plants make under Tliesc arc selected for at and either damaged or M7T VITAL INUtSTKIKS that if ihe Sincr bombers cannot fly with job is left lo them the ground Continued on Fngc 1 absolutely future devel opments may make such action In lhat they pointed the legislation under considcralion would lessen finan cial The measure provides for ricduc lion of 520 from Ihe monthly pay if a service man in the lowerpaid to and including ser geants in the army and men of corresponding navy rank who have what the bill calls Class A These consist of a children or a former To the S20 thus to his the government would add S20 for a and 10 addi tional for each anJ in the case of minor dependents SIS for the Tirst child and S10 for each additional A divorced wife entitled to alimony would re ceive S20 from the government 1 and from her former
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