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High Point Enterprise, The (Newspaper) - May 16, 1942, High Point, North Carolina THE WEATHER GrecnswroHlgh Point Point and COOLER TONICHT THE HIGH POINT ENTERPRISE KEEP EM FLYING 136 ASSOCIATED HIGH SATURDAY MAY 1942 WIDE UORLD FEATURE PRICE FIVE CENT THE WAR TODAY By DeWITT MacKUNZlE World War Analyst This daily ronductcd by DcWItC Wide World war news is written today by Glenn We Americans would do to rid ourselves of that fiveyearold habit of looking at the in China as something far beyond the range of our immediate inter ests a fire on the other side of the as the Orien tals The Japanese obviously arc opening a new phase of their heroically resisted effort to slug China into The lias leaped the It is all part of our war no longer merely a case of giving qur sympathy to the undaunted Chiang KaiShek and his IMPORTANT TO Those weirdly n widely sea I tered Chinese fronts are as much a part of the United Nations struggle as the Crimean Kharkov although in the coming weeks they may not take up as much black But in the long range view our fortunes are only a little less involved in the Nipponeseeffort to knock China out of the war than in Hitlers lat est try to achieve destruction of Soviet Japans current onslaughts on free China are marked by a vigoi 1 which has been lacking since the capture of Hankow three and a half years Many signs sup port the thesis that regardless of what the Mikados war machine may attempt in 1942 in other the aters perhaps China campaign will be a major perhaps most important of To accept this view it is not nec 1 essary to regard the current thrust up the Burma Road into Yunnan I Province as the primary phase of jthe campaign although doubtless I the Japanese ever alert 1 will exploit any I weakness there to the This Imay prove only the preparatory closing the way for Allied laid and setting up the proposed for tho MANY FRONTS Free China faces the Japanese Ion a score of looselyjoined fronts along a zigzag mile line Ifrom the deserts Inner Mon golia to the subtropical shores of Ithc South China Many of Ithese are springing into ominous Ilife after months or years of quies The Japanese are attack ling in Hu Kiansgi and IChekiang on land and lin the at the same time their columns are darting lup the Burma Road in with miie and a half high lairpin turns and dangerous river The terrain of which the Chinese call the sea of moun plus the undiminished fighting spirit of Chiang Kai Sheks veterans may be sufficient hold the Japanese at one of those the Mekong if not the where the bridges al ready have been Red river if not the But there ire other avenues of approach to Chungking where the geography at Jeast is so RELUDE TO ATTACK General Shuroku com nander in chief of Japans armies In has said that the pres pure already being applied to Chi ungs forces in North andCentral 3hina is merely the pielude to Jreat attacks to We have Jearned by now the folly of dis clieving the Japanese when I hey aast of the blows they intend to Our stake in this is more than the fate of deeply admired and Jvclibctoved If Hitler knocks iuf Russia the Allies prospects of getting at close grips with the ene Europe will suffer great Similarly if Free China enslaved our hopes of obtaining oases on continent of Asia from which to hammer Japan must postponed to a future not eas Jy predicted especially if the Continued on Page 5 V ays Pipeline Gas Carried To Areas lot Restricted May Brought on today that baseline brought into North Car klina by pipeline was being trans ported in huge quantities to nn leslrictecl areas in neighboring Such a practice is a kithout a discrimination Khich cannotbe said xvho has been fight ig to have gasoline rationing re cd in North The governor said he had been ifbrmed that the national office If Price Administration had or pered an immediate halt to trans Drtation of gasoline from North Carolina pipelines to parts of Vir linia not under the rationing pro The chief cxcculivc iuw that i is still true that as fclinc is being transporter from lipclincs or storage tanks which is under into not under and lso Ho other stales not under RUSSIANS REPORTED IN KHARKO AS NAZI ARMY OCCUPIES KERC RAF Bombers Raid German Supply Ships Berlin Claims 14 British Planes Shot Down Off Western Coast of Europe May Hudson bombers set fire to three German supply ships and hit sev eral others in attacks on two German convoys off the Frisian Islands in the North Sea last the air ministry announced The British pilots raked the convoys from a low level despite strong German a commu nique Five of the bombers failed to The communique text Coastal Command Hudsons made a series of low level attacks on two strongly defended convoys off the Frisian Islands last Three mediumsized supply ships were left on fire and several oth ers where Five of our air craft are GERMAN REPORT BERLIN From German Broad May German high command reported today the destruction of 14 British planes in the past 24 hours in sea and air engagements of the western coast of German patrol boats off The Nctherland s were said to have shot down five of eight RAF bom bers which attacked a German while off the same coast and on the English Channel Ger jnan minesweepers and naval ar tillery were credited with three bombers and one A German minesweeper and a patrol boat were heavily damag the communique The high command said that fairly weak RAF forces were over Helgoland Bight and off the Danish Coast during last night and that night fighters and anti aircraft artillery downed three of the planes and minesweepers downed V Conservation Of Tires Stressed At Atlanta Meet May ernment spokesmen charged with awakening the nation to the seri ousness of its transportation prob lems have given the southeast sweeping plans for conservation of tires and The plans were outlined to tire truck and bus public utilities commissioners and others concerned with the prob lems a I one of a nationwide series of meetings here last They were asked to return to their communities throughout the southeast and impress upon all cit izens the urgent need for using transportation only on the road to SINK BRITISH SUB ROME From Italian Broad cast May Italian high command said today that Italian torpedohoats escortinga convoy had sunk a British sub marine in the Central Mediterra SUBMARINE BRINGS GOLD FROM CORREGIDGR Safe in Pearl crewmen unload a vast amount of silver and securities from a United States sub marine which brought the valuable cargo from The submarine carried am munition to Corregidor and escaped with the rich cargo right under the nose of the Japanese Fail To Achieve Lightning Victory In Yunnan Convict Shot While Trying To Run Away May 16 Plenderson County road gang prisoner was shot and seriously wounded Thursday in an attempt ed dash for Penal Su perintendent Oscar Pitts announc ed On the same three honor grade prisoners escaped from the Catawba Couniy The wounded prisoner was Al ford sentenced in Guilford County on November 10 from 10 to 15 years for armed robbery and to two years for trespassing and carrying a conceaied Pitts paid Duke was shot by BULLETIN NEW OFFENSIVE May Chinese command an nounced tonight that the Japa nese had opened an offensive in a Chinese maritime proxince south of with many columns driving southxvard a xvho call ed lo the prisoner to halt before dropping him with a from a LIVED IN HIGH POINT xxhose last residence xvas High is in a Henderson County xvhere his condi tion xvas described by prison of ficials as The three xxhite xxalked to their liberty from the Calaxvba list ed by Pitts as Carl sentenced in American Fliers and Chinese Governor Stall Conquest of China Province By DANIEL De LUCE May CAP The Japanese failed last week in an attempt at lightning conquest of Chinas Yunnan it was re vealed thanks to a de fiant Chinese governor who rallied his weakening troops and to daredevil Chinese and American fliers who ruled the The storv of how a Japanese push stalled near Paoshan a week leaving the enemy wjih a expensive campaign still 10 fight came today from aces of tho American volunteer group who were in the bat REGAIN TERltlTORV Since the AVGs valient inter vention to turn back the first Japanese the heavily have would have a tendency regained all the territory they were promote natonal and allay Earl Browder To Be Freed President Commutes Prison Sentence of Com munist Party Leader WASHINGTON President Roosevelt today com muted the sentence of Earl Brow communist party leader who has served approximately 14 months of a fouryear sentence for The former general secretary of the communist party in the Unit ed States will be released from the Atlanta penitentiary as soon as proper arrangements can be Browder paid fines of at the time of his sentence and was committed to prison on March The sentence imposed upon said a White House state was longer than the usual sentence imposed for offenses in volving the fraudulent obtaining and use of The statement added that the president believed that the prin ciple of obedience has been sufficiently vindicated by the pun ishment already It was said that commutation to the term already com ing as it does shortly before Browder becomes eligible for pa to ExchangeOf Big Victories Diplomats At n Jl LiL Begins Being Claimed compelled to abandon at that timej and taken even any feeling which may exist in some minds that the unusually r j J ln ma long sentence in Browders case Was by Way Sahvwn n es in side and sent another col umn off to the north to capture the important town of Tengyueh The having destroyed the Sal ween noxv hold the casl n upon him because of his political CHURCH IN cto mer Chinese warloard and trusted i NTcw Hanover County on Novem ber o five to seven years for highxvay robbery last resi dence i Frances sentenced on March in Buncombe to sexen to 10 years for robbery and attempted assault with a deadly weapon last Chinese sixth j from the Shan statesof Marvin sentenced on r An advance enemy detachment Paoshan CAROLINA HIT BY TORNADO said he organized i a successful defense of the pro vince almost stiffening the leadership gf the scattered army retreating March in Cumberland to three to five years for snan itself xvhen the goxcrnor as breaking and fast resi1 sumcri the military May tornado demolished Pisgah confidante of Generalissimo ChTantJ I ciulrch in a rural section late yes They said he oreanixpri i entoy as a resident of the community looked Shixar heard the road of the approaching and sent members of his family rushing out of their telling them to lie flat on the The storm missed them by a fexxyards but struck the church and shattered Some other nearby buildings xvere raided the enviYons of Pao Cases Of War Fraud Will Be Prosecuted By JAMES STREBIG May Evidence on alleged fraud in xvar production contracts soori xvill be placed before federal grand juries over the Attorney General Biddlc announced Preliminary inxestigaticns of complaints haxe been undcnxay by the departments xvar frauds unit for sexeral months and these xvill be intensified under an expanded organ i The unit also xvjl prosecute cases aris on dollars in alleged chiseling CLARK IN CHARGE Biddlc said that the cases soon o be ready for prescntatoin to grand juries inxolvcd Faulty supplies and xvorkmanship in products de lixered to the Alleged conspiracies to in Within 48 the American i fliers the Japanese had been j driven back from the Salxxccn River and even although the invaders have been Chungking reports that the Chin ese still hold the west bank of the rixer in strength and the Jap anese still arc 55 miles from Pao xvhich is on the Burma Road about 125 miles from the Burma The Chinese central agency said today the invaders had suffered more than casual tics in Yunnan in the past Tough Governor Lung re ported to haxe ordered the execu tion of the disgraced former sixth army general xvhen he ignored an opportunity to commit Total of 923 Axis Nationals Taken Ashore Americans Arriving From Italy By RICHARD MASSOCK LISBONrMay The diplomatic exchange ship Drottningholm docked here after having anchored a quarter of a mile away for several 923 Ger Hungarians and Bulgarians began coming Many of them looked somewhat for alarce nroportinn werr women with children who faced the prospect of wartime Europes dangers and A former secretary of Germanys Washing ton embassy however it is a pleasure to feel free again AMERICANS ARRIVE One hunded twentyfive Ameri cans had arrived by train from Italy for repatriation on the Drott among them the Rev Hiram Gruber of rector of the famous Pauls American Episcopal Church in Rome who arrested 18 on suspicion of Harold Denny of DCS New York Times cor respondent who was captured in and a United States army Michael who also was captured in the midst of an African tank were among 60 American diplomats and newspaper correspondents who ar rived on the fourth and last diplo matic train from Woolf had been tried secret ly and sentenced 10 30 years im prisonment by a special tribunal for defense of the state and held incommunicado nearly six months before he was pardoned by King Vittorio Emanuele four days He left on the train the next The release of the rector was arranged as a condition for repat riation of certain Italian notables in the United The United Staiss government had insistedupon his inclusion in the official repatriation party un der threat of criminal prosecution of 13 Italians in the United States whom it was said serious charges could be Denny had undergone seven weeks of questioning b ythe gesta po in a Berlin prison before his re lease May The German legation took three Lisbon hotels to German diplomats who will start leaving Lisbon As soon as the liner came along side officers got busy hand ling about Some 100 United States remained in Italy with the expec tation that many would be al lowed to go home on subsequent sailings of the THREE TRAINS DUE Three rains from Germany were due later today with pas sengers for the first One of the outstanding nonof ficial Americans on the last train from Rome was Louise Teddy former society debutante torch singer in a New York night who in private life is the wife of Paul Los Angeles oil She was studying operatic sing ing in Rome when she was arrest ed after the declarations of She was held in a womens prison five days without charge or then she was interned with six newspaper correspond ents at the medieval resort of The including the were arrested inunedi Continued on 1 By Both Sides Reds Breach German Defenses at Lozovaya Effort to Cut Nazi Communications Churchil Says Allies Within Sight Wars Turning Foil By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Adolf Hitlers field headquarters asserted today thaj German troops had occupied the Crimean town of Kerci gateway to Caucasus oil but a greater prize appeare to be falling within the grasp of the Red Ukraine City of Unconfirmed reports said Marshal Semeon Timoshenkoi troops already had battled their way into the northeast sub urbs of Kharkov and were lighting the Germans in the streets Vicky Chief Turns Terms Unoccupied F r a n c May chief of announced today that Vichy had informed Wash ington officially thai it could not accept the United States condi tions regarding ihe status of Mar Laval told thepress thai a note Washington declared the American conditions tu be a grave blow to French sovereign ty over Frances West Indies pos France will not relinquish any of her riehts over no matter what the pro a SfbcUholr dispatch said the f ing Kharkov to the hat breached ihe German defenses Lozovaya in a drive to cut communications xvith the entiT front south of that Lozovaya is a rail junctic about midway betxve Kharkov and THREATENS NAZI DRIVE A successful lunge through there xvould imperil the big hy clroelectric poxver city of Dnicl perdpetrovsk and threaten tV xvhole German campaign in Crimea and along the Sea of Azov Soviet dispatches said the Gerj man xvere paying a terrific in killed and Millers command issued a spec ial communique asserting thai i troops penetrated yesterday after oxercoming stul born and added The loxxn and harbor are German A Reuters British news ag cy dispatch said the Germans had temporarily occupied part 6 Kerch but had been overrun by fierce counterattack of Soviet Axis chief of government told corj tanky artillery and infaijtry strikJ s fron 10 mil NOT CONCERNED TnTny i The goxcrnment maintains that Lavals government is not concerned in thenegotia tions it is conducting at Port De France xvith Admiral Georges the French commis seeking effective neutral ization of Washington maintains the admiral is the ulti mate authority and that Lavals reactions do not concern Thursday an authoritative Washington source said agreement on Pape 3 Strange Malady Causes Birds To Fall In Hundreds May hundred small apparently affected by a strange malady while in fell dead or dying onto this community yes Police said they tumbled dike rain before and estimated between 500 and Health officers sent baskets full of them to xvhere the state vet erinarian and the game warden were Specimens had been sent to the federal wild life service in Wash Game Warden Rich ardson said they might have drunk toxic substances from a Philson of Iho Uni versity of South Carolina said the birds were Maryland yeilow also known as black masked ground the fall of b xvould not necessarily mean Hitler could reach out and sei2 the great oil fields across the narroxv Kerch Strait from Kerch The Germans held Kerch fori txvo months last year xvithoufl risking a thrust across Ker Strait under the guns of the viel Black Sea Soviet dispatches gaxe no indli cation of Kerchs reporting merely that stubborn battles ed throughout the night on Kerc Of the Kharkov 3SO miles north of a Red Army bulJ letin reported that Marshal Time shenkos army xvas inflicting haxx on the Germans under Field shal Fcdor Von cat luring a large number of pris destroying 255 gunsj xvrecking more than 250 tanfc and shooting doxvn 10 TANK CEMETERY The Russians said a big newj tank battle in the Kharkov sector left one field cemetery of Gerl man with 35 IVazi panzer on Pape 3 tories built to produce xvar ma Practices xvhich haxe in mg under of price admmus creascd tho cost of food and tranon ration and pnccccilmg or fbr army and navy The attorney general announced S i Tom fomior chief indictments connection with of ac1ivitics on the x the ration and hay do and hrad of xrioprd cases xvhich officials esti mated involved several million i on Page 2 j Ihe annihilation of 300 Japanese xxhose raid on Paoshan had been CHINESE REORGANIXE Cheered by a virtual ringside xiexv of American and Chinese fliers bombing Japanese positions along the Salxveen May 6 and dispersed Chinese on the xvcst bank reorganized with on Page 5 Gas Shortage Leaves Plenty Of Open Space On Nations Roads Bv The ASMjrlatcil Prcvs The open road is a lonely place these Oncejammed highways along the eastern seaboard had only a trickle of travelers as gasoline rationing clamped down yester Many filling stations had no gas oline at alt as a result of the rush to b the Others xxere certain to run out oxer the week Typical of the traffic situation xvas a report from New York State police at Troy which said hardly anybody was in sight on the the hijrh percentage of requests for wick and Prince Kdxvard Island xvas were slashed to approximately red by the of Price Admin1 gallons a istration in Washington re Thousands of automobiles in TRADE CARDS More motorists traded in unlim ited or high allotment ration cards anrt took smaller This versing its original prepar ed to make public all rationing so that anyone could see xxho Rot xxhich The only ex ception xx as personnel of military or enforcement agencies whose duties require Broughton of North Carolina xxas seeking to haxe ra tioning relaxed in his de claring that gasoline brought in by pipeline xvas being transported in huge quantities to neighboring states not under the CANADA FEELS PINCH Canada felt the pinch of the shortage xvhcn ration for nonessential drixing in the prox prompted by criticism of inces of New Bruns the Eastern United States xvere tucked away for the Nexv York City reported 10 per cent more cars in dead storage than a year Nexv York used car deal ers said sales virtually had ceased since announcement of the ra tioning prograrand that prices xvere off 25 to 23 In the fire department stroxe to onforcc an ordinance against storage of more than one gallon of A Richmond judge fined a resident S2o and said he xvas guilty of an unpa triotic act in storing 15 gallons of In the same city txxo men xvorf sentenced lo 30 days in jail for stealing 50 cents xvorth of Japs Moved From Military Area SAX May Japanese have been moxed from military area comprising Southern Arizona and the xxestem portions of and Wash or are under orders to be evacuated by May The army issued a summary of its activities in evacuating Jap anese folloxving promulgation by General Dexvitt yesterday of five nexv exclusion These brought the number of onlers to SI since the first xvas announced March Martin in charge of initial evacuation op said orders affecting Jap anese still remaining in the mili tary area xxould folloxv To these High Point boys who have died tn the service of their this city pays tribute and Rives Its eternal gratitude JAMES GASHAW EDGAR JAMES SAMUEL WILLIAM
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