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High Point Enterprise: Wednesday, April 15, 1942 - Page 1

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   High Point Enterprise, The (Newspaper) - April 15, 1942, High Point, North Carolina                                THE WEATHER Weather Point Hlgl Point mid CONTINUED MILD THE HIGH POINT ENTERPRISE HIGH P O I N I Southern lurniAire and ttvis Muvktl Hosiery capacity dozen pairs 105 ASSOCIATED SERVICE HIGH WEDNESDAY APRIL 1942 WIDE WORLD FEATURE SERVICE PRICE FIVE CENTS ENEMY ALIEN RAIDS HERE Seven or eight High Point homes xvere raided and searched here this afternoon in a series of simultaneous raids conducted by agents of lie Federal Bureau of Investigation secKing unregister ed enemy aliens or evidences of illegal activity on the part of enemy Cooperating in the simultane ous raids were High Point police Guilford County sheriffs deputies and members of the Stai Highway The raiding parties divided Into four were armed with search warrants signed un der an executive order of Presi dent which makes it illegal for any enemy alien to possess shortwave radio send ing or receiving blueprints or maps of vital The warrants authorized and seizure and arrests can be made upon the recom mendation of United States At torney Carlyle The raids were conducted fol lowing detailed investigation in High Point on the part of the FBI as well as by local Not only were the inquiries made in complete but a veil of secrecy shrouded the movements of the officers in High Point this un til after the raids had been con The raids here followed a wholesale series of raids in Dur ham Monday and in Greensboro Federal men here did not reveal immediately whether anv arrests would be made as a result of the raids but it was be lieved that two persons were be ing taken to WinstonSalem by FBI men for questioning at Hig fins office It also was believed that some radio equipment and other banned items had been confis The homes raided were all occupied by Italian or German families it was and no Japanese were involved in the V THE WAR TODAY By DeWITT MacRENZffi Wide World War Analyst The return of foxfaced Laval 1 to a position of power in the Ivichy government of harras sed old Marshal Petain cer tainly is a matter of grave anxiety for the but Iwhile can see the somber influence in the im jmediate it strikes me Ithat its too soonto forecast Iwhat will develop from the One thing which does seem Iclear is that we are witnessing a Ihistoric drama which involves the survival of the French The spirit of France of the French people is in the leading role and Iwe must look to this for INAVY is PROBLEM Of with half an eye one can see plenty of potential trouble Ifor the United Hitlers acquisition of the French Ihis possession of Frances colonies las a diplomatic rupture bc Itween France and the United so eagerly sought by the and what while those thnigs are distinct possibili Itics they arent and has no guarantee that they lever will One of the most important ac from the Allied stnnd is that the Vichy govern icnt represents the people of un lappy France only so long as it ursues Pctains policy of neu with no further outstand ing concessions to the hat is to if the marshal now das been supplanted vhy a pro iNazi the government no onger will have the good will of the vast majority of the people That majority is antiNazi and I must qualify by saying the French havent Tutch use for and never iid But they arc for the Allied and on the whole lave a This is one reason why Hitler heretofore has moved circumspect ly in trying to force concessions rom who has been acting feo far as he could in the spirit of his famous battle cry which Itoppcd the Germans at Verdun They shall not pass Its one ling to have conquered physically proud race of forty odd million and its another to control Lhcir FEARS FRENCH PI BMC Hitler has boon afraid of the hostility of the French The oeoplc know that their salvation in an Allied and there Rould be danger to him if he ap pHcd strongarm methods too WARPLANES SMASH AT JAP BASES IN PHILIPPINE ISLANDS Caustic Comments Of Hugh Johnson Silenced By Death AngryTongued Ironpants Dies 12 Hours After Writing Last Column Against Doctors Orders for Rest April AP General Hugh Johnson the angrytongued iron pants of the World and the recovery period and more re cently a caustic newspaper columnist died of pneumonia 12 hours after writing a last column against his doc tors orders for Death came to the 59yearold former soldier at in a Washington He had been weakened by several months ofili Although he rose from captain to a brigadier general with a dis tinguished service medal in the World Johnson died a tech nically private President Roosevelt on last April 30 refused his reappointment as an army reserve General Johnson came to na tional fame in when he stormed across the country organ izing the recovery pe riod system of codes of practice for business and industry to keep prices and wages from being de He assailed as to and traitors all those who refused to cooperate with When his NRA was in full swing he estimated that it had made jobs and increased the countrys purchasing power by a In his vitriolic campaign against violators of the NRA blue eagle codes Johnson added the phrase j crack down and many others to the American In the Supreme Court declared the NRA setup unconstitutional and Johnson explaining thai his blue eagle was now a sick impatient of the gen eral had quarrelled frequently with fellow New Deal He often criticized the brain trust of presidential advisers and in October of he denounced the New Deal for amazing blun ders and failures and called it GENERAL HUGH JOHNSON British Fall Back In Burma RelenHess Pounding Forces British And Chinese Back Japs Near Oil Area NEW April fierce fighting along the entire Burmese British and Chinese troops have been forced lo fall back before the re lentless pounding of the Japanese OB S rule by He once publicly told Harry Hopkins to go to the 1936 election cam paign Johnson was still in President Roosevelts He declared in campaign addresses that the Republican candidate Alf Landon had swallowed the old guard doctrine whole and called for reelection of the Four veara John son was in the Republican i wno now are within 30 miles of Fiom personal allegiance to theilne Burma oil the British President but hatred of the brain announced The Japariese have occupied the town of on the Irra waddy River 30 miles from the oil the British The hardfighting Chinese were forced to give ground on the Sit tang River the communi que It was reported from the Chi nese expeditionary force field headquarters that Chinese forces on the southern front have with drawn to a few miles north of the fighting strong delaying action all the the communique said in describing that In one Taungdwingyi section about 45 miles southeast of Migyaungye and between the Tirawaddy and Sittang the British said they were holding their positions in i of repeated air and ground The resorting to their infiltration tactics used so success fully in succecdd in push ing small parties around British positions on the Taungdwingyi front with the object of inter ferring with our lines of communi the communique They are now being engaged by our the British The British declared that the on trust his policy had changed to denunciation of what he termed i the third new deaf as pointing the nation toward He was among the first to back Wendell V Bush Warfare Continuing In Philippines April and Filpino bands of American troops are waging steady bush Warfare against the Japanese to keep as many as pos sible of theinvaders engaged in the Philippines reports from the islands showed The war departments com munique last night said that small bodies of AmericanFilipino troops carried out successful raids against lightlyheld Japanese po sitions in the mountains of north ern Six hundred miles to the south a raiding party ambush ed a Japanese truck column and inflicted heavy The only report from Corregi dor was of intermittent duels be tween forts and enemy bat Soviets Smash Through Nazi Defense Line First Line Of German De fenses Guarding Bryansk Cut By Fierce Red Assault By EDDY GILMORE AP Soviet troops have smashed through the first line of German defenses guarding 200 miles southwest of and are battling fiercely in the second dispatches from the front reported The direct assault on the forti fied lines guarding the key sali ent barely 60 miles from the fron tier of White Russia was said to have developed from an offensive in which numerous communities were recaptured and Ger mans killed in the past two CAPTURE SUPPLIES The dispatches said Nazi sup plies engulfed in the westward sweep of the Russian forces in cluded quantities of new rifles and machineguns apparently mov ed up for a German spring Fierce fighting also was report ed northwest of where the Germans were said to have lost men in the past few Red Star said guerrilla detach ments operating back of the Ger man lines in the Smolensk area and widely through White Russia had captured numerous German soldiers including ten An article by Zhurave lev in the Moscow review ing the fighting since the start of said the Germans had tak en advantage of improved spring weather to try out relatively heavy counter attacks in which all types of arms were brought into The counter the article cost the Nazis dead I and several times that many wounded since April No matter how great a num ber of planes and other en gines of war Germany may pos he it is clear that in 1942 they can no longer carry out operations on last years He said that in intensified air fighting in the first seven days of April the Germans lost 466 planes to the Russians EXPECT MAIN PUSH Red Star expressed the belief ithat the Germans were shifting i their commanders into final posi lion for their expected main I The best information available I here is that Eduard Dietl is in charge of the Karelian front and that Nikolaus vort commander of the German army of occupation in may be moved to a com mand on the Russian jArnheim is said to have replaced Rudolf Schmidt in the sector southwest of Lake Heinz the tank specialist who commanded in the Smolensk is be lieved to have been called back to leaving that section under command of Adolf who has been in charge in the Rzhev sector where Ger man forces are threatened with All these commanders on the on Page 3 Plans Huge Fleet Of UBoats Apri 15 new subma rine construction program to gixe the United States the under seas striking poxver for a crip pling bloxv at Japans long Pa cific supply route is being pre sented to The program provides for 000 tons of undersea xvhich xvould allow for more than 100 of the present cruiser type Sixty five of this type already have been authorized under the 1940 supplementary and the Navy last October had 186 i submarines in NUMBER IS SECRET Chairman Vinson DGa an nounced yesterday he xvas in troducing legislation for the pro but said that for reasons Say Normandie Cebu AndDavaoHit By Bombs Blaze Due To Carelessness Congressional Subcommittee Says Opportunities For Sab otage Were Abundant April A house naval sub committee blamed careless ness and lack of Hangars Destroyed and Runways Damaged at Nichols Field Three Transports Sunk and Two Others Hit at MacArthur Announces UNITED STATES ARMY HEADQUARTERS IN AUS or proper suj April AP Thirteen big American bomb pei vision today for the firejers operating from Australia made smashing attacks on Jap w men damaged the liner j anese baes and shipping at Davao and Banan m fsew York butgas in the Philippine island Monday and it was an zeported that opportunities nounced dant Were abun i communique said enemy docks and air Concluding a the s a long report n navai i handling of Gen Ralph Nichols Cebu and Davao dls9loscd orders had were divulge the number of undersea craft to be built under its pro It will go a long he toward providing suprem acy for the United States in underseas if we havent already got Success of American subma rines now operating in the Pa cific and Indians Oceans against Japanese troops and supply con voys was believed to have led to development of the new pro Submarine commanders have reported sinking or damag been given for it to sail on Feb ruary five days after it burn ed and j Asserting that the fire unquo tionably started from sparks from a bloxv torch xvhich ignited life the subcommittee said investigation failed to disclose any persons intent on acts of sab otageand said the fire was not started with willful or malicious There is no escape from the that the cause and consequences of the fire are directly attributable to care Supplies To French Are Held Up Washington By RAY TUCKER HUMAN A quiet search for pilots by the Air Corps has dis closed that the Armys system of classifying new recruits is incrcdii bly inadequate and In view of the prospect that the sup ply of fliers will soon fall far be low the number of planes rolling off the assembly the situa tion shocks With the aid of the Civil Aeroi nautics which tnusht seventyfive thousand hoys in its comparatively short tho aviation branch has culled rolls of the military They j have discovered thai approximate ly eight thousand men xvith ele mentary or adxanced studies in aerial schools haxe been grabbed and retained by rival serxices in duties for xvhich they have no particular Exen though some of this group cannot qualify as radio opera tors or they should be fit subjects for important ground or mechanical They xvill be roexamined when the survey has been and transferred to the sections xvhich soon must be expanded to a personnel of two The need for airmen is almost Training facilities are so scarce and so congested that on i Surprise Attack Sinks 15 British Japs Say As new submarines come into American admirals xxould haxe the undersea strength to use the same xvolf ypack tactics against the Japal nese xyhich Germans have used against Atlantic The United Nations haxe been able to keep ahead of these sinkings xvith their huge ship building The Japa are believed to haxe limited shipbuilding facili ties and therefore to be espe cially xulnerable to protracted submarine Automobile Tire With Little Rubber Developed By Ford i April i Ford Motor it xvas learned has developed an i automobile tire using only a frac j tion of the amount of ubber need cd for the conventional j Ford engineers xvho have been I experimenting xvith the nexv j since the rubber shortage forced I rationing of all stocks of standard haxe developed a process for j treating the fabric and using not more than onesixteenth the amount of rubber heretofore used in tire Company officials are withholdi i ing formal announcement of the nexv dexelopment pending further although trials under operal ing conditions are said to have the tire to be capable of xxithstanding great The Ford company has beenj a large part of its oxvn tires in a division that is part of the great Rouge Before the upon tire produc tion for cixilian uses it xxas said to haxe a capacity of more than units a V CURB SERVICE citys first xvar time style hitandrun robbery has been Cobb told police a toxvering man rode a bicycle up to him on the then pedaled axvay xvith his billfold and April United States hail held up shipments of non military supplies to French North Africa tending clarification of the sit uation in This xxas disclosed todav ly mandie may be attributed sa Secrctar State ft T j t ing 08 Japanese nava and suplessness and lack of proper superj ply the report i 23 RECOMMENDATIONS There xxas no evidence to in1 dicate that the fire on the Nor Welles xvho told a press confer ence that two in New York harbor loaded xvith sup plies for North xvliich xvere about to sail in accord ance xvith an agreement an nounced last would he held in Arrangements to send a Red Cross ship xvith milk and childrens layettes to un occupied France also have hecn held in he V x x x opportunities for sai botage or almost any subxersive activity abundant on the x x x that lhe fire may not be attributed to botage is only there of the fact that if I there xvere did not deem the I time ripe for The subcommittee made 23 rec ommendations intended to a repetition of such a one of xvhich xvas that operation of Unit ed States merchant xessels should be placed under the jurisdiction of the secretary of the This question of bringing the mechant marine under the naxy Chairman Vinson DGa of the House Naval committee is noxv being discussed at the White MOREHEAD April 1 by Chairman Emory i Fifty nine survivors were i Land of the Maritime landed here folloxvjng ihe Vinson expressed the personal ling of txxo mediumsized merchant opinion that tht change xvill off the Atlantic coast last come for the merchant xvith all members The Fifth Naval District an under navy nounced the sinkings last The report xvas difficult Four seamen xvere gixen up for to place the responibility for eight others xvere reported of carelessness on any one indivi dual but did say there xvas undue The first attack xvas last Thurs Survivors Of Torpedoed Ships At Morehead City indecision and tack of care1 The cargo ship xvas set ful planning in connection xvith and survixors said the the conversion of the i vessel xvas still burning and set AWARDED KMINtJ CROSS The bombers had hardly come to a standstill on the runway on re turning to their base somewhere in Australia xxhen Rush representing the United Nations air George rushed up and handed General Royce the dis tinguished flying as directed by President The DFC also xvas axxardcd to John Hubert Davies of and Frank The raiders destroyed three Japanese transports at Cebu and hit txvo others struck iwo trans ports and probably sunk one at shot down three Japanese planes and damaged several others on the ground destroyed and damaged runways at Nicholi Field near and did con siderable damage to the an nouncement At a Japanese cargo ship presumably carrying military supplies xvas 4 LOSE ONE PLANE The entire spectacular raid was accomplished xvith the loss of only one and its crexv xvas General Brett issued a state ment commending General saying he volunteered for this most important and that His accomplishment xvill un doubtedly be told in detail at a later but noxv it is desired to Continued on 6 RAF Continues Air Offensive Over Continent V From Japanese Broad April warships operating so close to the shore of India that the sailors could see hills and xvhite forts sank 15 large enemy merchantmen in less than an hour on the morn ing of April 6 in a surprise attack on a British a Japanese naxai commander said The described as an eyexvitness of the said there were more than a score of vessels in the British He said that as the xxarships moxed up to attack the officers apparently mistook the Japanese for a British naval unit and continued to sail southward The Japanese vessels moved in until the rightinch guns on the decks of the British craft xxerc clearly visible and then opened up it r fire before the British had a chance to Uio commander Sexeral ves sels xverc set An ton vessel was the first to sink and 14 others xvent doxvn short he Bulletin tling by the stern when they were picked up by a rescue Third Mate Noxvall Sweeney and Ordi nary Seaman Richard Lyons no addresses given were lost when The hardhitting RAF began its scc ond hours of a nonstop air offensive over the continent this morning with raids against he thcy jumped oxcrboard after their j stronglyentrenched occupied coast lifeboat caught Lyons body i after leaxing very large fires xxas The other 32 burning in the Ruhr crcxxmen xvere brought here and The daylight attacks xverc made jfive xvere gixen i in the xvake of blasting raids on The other ship xvas torpedoed j the Ruhr by a very heaxy force of MAJOR OFFENSIVE April v The Japanese are I Saturday and Third Mate j noxverful night bombers and all launching a major offensive in Marion Feathers of Texj day attacks against occupied Eu southern Shan states in and Radio Operator Posnan 1 rope the Chinese announced jTiers mo address xxere kn oxvn to The gigantic industrial target in TWO SHIPS ATTACKED April Navy announced totay that txvo United States tuer vessels had been torpe doed off the Atlantic coast and survixors had been landed st an east coast portOne was a me dium sized ship and the other small the Navv survixors have died in the Eight j Ruhrwheremost of other crexvmen xvere missing j man hcavy industries are concen has been under a hail of heaxy bombs for six of the last 10 TONS OF BOMBS The xvcight of high xvhen the 2 i brought WITH CLASS dinner for the gagmasters of Spokanes athletic round table was served by a singing He was Nino famed lyric tenor of the i United States And Vichy Near Break In Diplomatic Relations BV WADE WERNER April United States and Vichy France neared a break with the recall of Ambassador William Leahy generally expected in in formed The State Department withheld any official indication or its reac tion to the return of Collabora tionist Pierre Laval to a key po sition in the Vichy regime pending a report from Admiral Lcavy on the A high source seriously weighing the advisability i xvhole structure of VichyWashi of calling Admiral Leahy ington relations considered these Such a recall of j questions i take place xvithout a formal sex The French Under German explosixe bombs being dropped on the Ruhr xxas said to run into hundreds of tons rach night an attack is The air indicating the xvidc scope of nights an nounced 11 bombers xxere The muffled sound of distant ex heard at Folkestone from the direction of the Belgian coast indicated that the RAF had re sumed its daylight offensive against I set a record of nine i and a half hours duration yestcr Flying too high to be for mations of British planes later erance of leaving the sit control or under orders to collab uation between the American and orate with warships of Petain governments the same as that betxveen Washington and Berlin in the months preceding ac tual MUCH CONJECTURE There xxras much conjecture as to the possibility not only of a the French fleet noxv based at Toulon could be a serious menace to the Allied not only in the Mediterranean but also in the North MADAGASCAR IMPORTANT This strategic frankly conceded last hoxv that a complete reexamina tion of American iclations xvith Vichy obviously xvas j this Whether this xvould lead to a final What Hitler and the Japanese rupture of diplomatic clean break with Vichy but a more j French noxv under Vichv positive and allout support of the vmay become the key to Free sources against jumping at conclusions mi thc flew over the English evi dently forays returning over the from morning Boulogne and Calais areas of occupied northern The ministry said a strong force of bombers took part in the Ruhr Industrial objectives were heav ily bombed and many some of them left French Infqrmcdj lne battle for India and the Brit es hoxve ish fjhl to kee a foothold in the communique within relations might be expecting to get out of I the Japanese position in the vital was a matter on which obserxers the new turn in Laval s fortunes here there were in was a matter of grav concern dications that the government was l Officials reexamining the j theater would be similar to on I 7 ih K Ti Wit ha base on Madagascar Havre and in pied Mines also xxerp laid in enemy xvaters by other RAF   

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