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Gastonia Daily Gazette: Thursday, March 1, 1945 - Page 1

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   Gastonia Daily Gazette (Newspaper) - March 1, 1945, Gastonia, North Carolina                               RKPORT QASTONIA DAILY GAZETTE COUm. THE FINE COMBED YARN CEOTER OF AMER1CA_____Z tocxr. H'Eh Yesttrdiv i.ow LMI 2 P. M. Today "o March M U ___ 1 FIRST ARMY HAS ESPONSIBJUTY flN il! SAYS IF ?R ADVANCES IN DUREN. GERMANY ....-777.777" II nlpers. (Signal Corps Radloelephoto.) Two Thirds Of Iwo In U.S. Hands -BY LKIF ERICKSO.V- U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEAD- QUARTERS. Guam, March Al but the northern third of rocky mile Iwo JIma was In American hands today as the marines; their special supplies parachuted from transport planes, fought to clear the vita! central plateau. Front dispatches said the Third Division devildogs already had cross- ed the plateau In places and were moving for the first time since D-day, ii days ago The battle for the pillbox-studded central plateau was termed n de- cisive operation by Maj. Gen. Graves a. Lrfcme. whose Third Division marines overran the main village of Motoyama, just beyond the captured ISLAND IS INVADED Arthur's Communique; Virtual Destruction Of Jap Garrison On Corregidor Revealed. 1-W-American invasion of Pala- wan Island, the occupation of which would so far toward Gen Douglas MacArthur made no reference tn snrh iblv ?00n3 that a of Yanks-pos- iDly landed at 11 a m Wednesday hn wan, 250 miles southwest of Manila Weanesday on TELLS CONGRESS UNITED STATES MUST TAKE LEAD President, In Message On Historic Yalta Conference, Ex- presses Firm Belief Good Start Made Toward World Peace.7 (Tht text of President Roosc- wlls message lo Congress on the lalla conference will be found >m D. HAROLD OLIVER- WASHINGTON. March 1-wn- President Roosevelt told Congress and the nation today that America will have to take the responsibility for world collaboration "or we shall nave to bear the responsibility for another world conflict." Mr. Roosevelt said he returns iiome-from-his long journeys Jinritri a firm belief that we have made a good start on the road to a world peace." Sitting in the well of thc.House chamber at a joint session of the two branches ot Confess ihe President said in a personal te- port on the Crimea conferences the Allies will not desist for one moment "until unconditional surrender" U won. "The German people, as well the German he assert- ed "must realize that lhe sooner they give up and surrender, by groups or as individuals, the soon- er their present agony will be over. They must realize that with only complete surrender can they begin to reestablish themselves as people whom (he world might accept as decent neighbors." Unconditional surrender of Japan s as essential as the defeat of Ger- many "if our plans for world peace are to he declared, adding :hat Japanese militarism must be Russians Cross The Inha River Defense Line East Of Stettin In New Drive RICHARD KASISCHKE- LONDON March Russians have crossed the Inha liver defense line east of Stettin in their offensive Baltic- the German high command said todav and Moscow dispatches said a large section of eastern Pomerama appeared to have been virtually cut off cjrorr' A'-Ki Sokolsky's artillery has the Danzifr- Ste tm coastal railway under fire in several sectors theie s no traffic moving from east to said a Mos- cow dispatch from AP Correspondent Eddy Gilmore The Geiman communique ._______ Marshal Gregory Zhukov's First LEGISLATURE ON HOMEJTHETCH Speedy Action On Finance Bill Anticipated; Veterans Bill Gets Favorable Re- port; Other Measures Up. RALEIGH, March the accelerated tempo of the 1945 ses- sion ot the General Assembly can- NEARS CENTURY landed" Tlie marines had artillery, naval gun and close air support as they drove ahead more than 500 yards all along the two-mile. battle line against the toughest, cleverest de- Pactrc encountered anywhere In the Aisociated Press Correspondent .J'mlr Lmdsley called the terrain "hell's principal suburb." An important supply problem was licked yesterday as U. S. transport planes flew in low and dropped sup- plies on the captured southern bomber field, Motoyama 1 Hcd and green parachutes landed spe- cial parts and medical supplies Ilown from the Marianas in response to a hurry-up call. Several days would The Third Division's push pene- rated the center of the main enemy line of resistance. Prom there north- ward Japanese strength can be ex- pected to weaken. MaJ. Gen. Keller E. Hockeys Fifth Division advanced up the wcit shore paced by tanks, after being slowed momentarily on Tuesday Mai Gen Clifton B. Calcs' Fourth Marine' are on the east coast. Adm. Chester w. imltz announced that opposition continued stin in alii to IWO JIMA. Page Arthur's forces in the Philippines Tive island, 275 miles long and 25 miles across -at ifs widest point is the dividing line between the Sulu and South China seas. In American hands it would place United States forces along more than a 600-mile stretch of the South China sea extending from Lingayen gulf on Western Luzor In an arc to Palawan's southern lip That tip lies within 90 miles of Dutch Borneo. The nearest Ameri- can holding in the Philippines Ls Mfndoro island, 125 miles north- east of Palawan. Palawan's principal port, Puer- to Princesa, U midway along the east coast. MacArtr.ur's communi que today reported the port's instal- lations were pounded by "strong formatloas of attack bombers with escorting fighters" Wednesday. On Corregidor, a little more than Yanks, comprising the Parachute Regiment and elements of the 24th Division, have all but wiped out an enemy garrison twice hat size lo pry open Manila's big bay. Already a cargo ship has entered the bay, bringing badly needed supplies to liberated but hard hit Manila, once more lhe capital of the Philippines. MacArthur said dead Jan- -----Turn (o JAPS SAY, r-12 Familiar Since 1870s. Makes IfcT Final Passenger Run The Carolina Northwestern Railroad's Chester-to-Lenoir pas- senger traiiis, a familiar eight in Gastonla for generations, yesterday made their last. run. Under ODT Order No. 41, a gen- eral nationwide order Issued by the Office of Defense Transportation cutting off all trains with less than 35 per cent Of passenger occupancy during a test 1044-tlie C. N. passenger service, which included one irain each way daily between Chester and Lenoir. was cancelled indefinitelv as of today. It marked the first inlerniptnn or C N. W. passenger service road W3S rn PROTEST FRUITLESS Efforts of community leaders in cities and towns served on the C N. W. line lo hare the ODT order reversed or delayed at-least until pcrmU au aHdlt o{ CONGRESS FACES A FRESHJATTLE Fight Over Compulsory Military Training Will Follow Settlement 0 Manpower Issue. WASHINGTON, March' Congress, its current fight over fur :her manpower controls still raging oday faced the prospect of another What to do with the nation's youtl when peace returns. As the Senate delayed for at leas 24 hours further consideration of its OBIJ. softer version of House-passec work-or-jai! legislation, a House committee promised speedy action >n proposals for a peacetime inili- ary training program. Responding to an American Legion )lea, Chairman Woodrum (D-Va) of he postwar military policy commlt- ee said his group will open hearing' n the highly controversial issue a.s oon as the wartime manpower sub- cct clears Capitol Hill. That, he old reporters, may be very soon However, with the Senate taking line out today to hear President Roosevelt's 'account of the Crimea onfercnce. and to consider former 'ice President Henry A. Wallace's ommation to be secretary of com- nerce. a decision in that chamber this week became all but impossible Senator Bailey a co-an- thor of the House-passed bill crit- icized the substitute sharply in yes- terday's debate. He said it isn't a 
                            

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