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Gastonia Daily Gazette (Newspaper) - February 22, 1945, Gastonia, North Carolina RKPORT Showm and today, followed by oartlv fair and moderately cold. GASTONIA DAILY GAZETTE COUNTY. THE FINE COMBED YARN CENTER OF AMERICA IOCAL Kijh Low Ust Night 2 p. M, tebruary rainfall to date GASTONIA, N. C., THURSDAY AFTERNOON. FEBRUARY 22, 1945. T_ __ ROW 3RD -Patte-n-i YANKS NEARING KEYSTONE CITY ON HAZUHVEH 33 Towns Taken As Third Army Spurts Ahead On Wide Front; Whole West- wall On Move To- ward Vital German War Works. -BY JAMES M. LONG- PARIS, Feb. Gen George S. ration's American Third Army, running high, wide ami handsome again, stormed within five miles of Trier today crossed (he Saar river against dis- integrated German resistance and swept up 33 more Nazi towns in the Moselle valley. Already tanks and infantry were within sight of main de- fense works Trier, a city of and keystone of the whole German defense system before the middle Khine. They were a mile and a quarter from Konirsthnrf a large fort at the confluence of the and Moselle rivers. Patton's columns advanced three miles or more immediately north ot Ihe industrial Saar district, while Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's 1th Army smashed Into the district from the south, advancing to within two miles of ruined Saarbrueckeii the capital. His Americans captured half of Forbach, French gateway to Saar- brueckeii, from raw conscripts of the Volksslurm who were bolstered by heavy German weapons. Storied Spiceren fell; the Siegfried line was within view. NEAR CALCAR The Canadian First Army In the north pounded to within yards of bitterly contested Calgar In Its drive toward the Ruhr valley. A report from Lt. Gen Omar 11 Bradley's 12th Army Group head- quarters said German resistance in the Saar-Moselle triangle, now vir- tually cleared, had "completely dis- integrated." The Saar crossing south of Saarburg was unopposed. Saar- burg itself was almost cleared. There were indications of a general Ger- man withdrawal into the Hochwald. BIO PUSH COMING Despite Ihe spectacular gains of the Third Army and the slow cWp- pmg progress of the British and Canadian troops in the north it was evident that Gen. Eisenhower had not yet loosed his full scale offensive. ANOTHER DAM Reports reaching Bradley's head- quarters told of a tremendous ex- plosion just before midnight near the Urfttalspcrre dam on the rfoer headwaters. Its reservoir empties in- to the larger Schwammenauel Lake. Reds Gain But Fall Back in E. Prussia Soviets Bypass Guben South Of Berlin And Strive Tor Union Of Two Russian Assault Armies- Keels Give Ground In North Before Heavy surprise German Counterblows. ad; Clears LONDON, Feb. Th Russian First Ukraine an rs raine Army having bypassed the German strongpoint of Guben 51 miles southeast of greater Berlin, fought today for a Pirst White Russian at the con fluence of the Oder and Neisse rivers. new gams-southeaslrof-the Geiman capital, other Soviet troops were forced to give some ground in East Prussia in the face of heavy German counterblows west of Konigsberg. The Berli The Berlin radio said a surprise Nazi counleroffensive had re-es- tablished a corridor between Koen- igsbcrg and the porl of Pillau, in miles south. The Russians acknowledged some German ad vances in that sector but said the drive was costing the Germans enormously in men and equipment. Moscow announced Soviet forces lad seized a strategic ridge position n the forest on the eastern ap- >roaches to Guben, taking more than 50 populated places norTfranaiouUrt of the immediate sector. ENCIRCLING FRANKFURT Further north Marshal G. K Zhu- kov's First White Russian Army to Open Forums Slated Here units were reported attempting lu complete the encirclement oTFfarTk- furt. The German radio announced Zhukov had slashed communications between Berlin and that city on the west bank of the Oder 33 miles from the German capital, but said they had been restored. BERLIN1 34 MILES Pravda said the Russian army stood only 31 miles from Berlin in that area. The piper did not spec- ify the location but indicated Zhu- kov's troops had crossed the Oder. Nazi radio spokesmen said Ger- man forces were fighting a defensive tattle between Berlin and the Frank- furt-Kuestrin front, but declared Russian bridgeheads west of the Oder were "far too small" for a ma- jor offensive toward Berlin DANZIG 33 MILES The Second White Russian Army yesterday drove within 33 miles of Danzig in its sweep up'.the Polish corridor. Marshal Stalin in an order of the day announced the capture 45 miles southwest of now 00 per cent empty. It was not immediately apparent whether th? dam had been breached, loosing new floods on the Roer, The river up !o midnight was sufficiently low and slow to allow bridging the First Army front near the dams, southwest ul Cologne. Bright sun bathed the western front again today, and planes took off early. jn sorties yesterday -Turn to PATTOX LUNGES, P-9- Blaze In Winston-Salem WINSTON-SALEM, Feb. 22 of undetermined origin, early this morning swept through the Darling Shop and caused an esti- mated damage to the build- ing and contents. The place was a mass of flames Bt the front when firemen arrived about a. in. The place is fully covered by in- surances. of Czersk, Danzig. Moscow said Russian withdraw- als were made in (he face of vi- olent counleraxsaults by the Ger- mans on Samlan.l in what appear- ed to be an effort to set up a "Dunkeriiue" escape from Pillau Turn to REDS GAIN', p-9 _ Rivers And Harbors Bill May Pass Soon WASHINGTON, Feb. 22. important bill. The first big rivers and harbors bill in this Congress got its chance for final passage in the House tcday. Passed a few weeks ago by the Senate, the bill calls for postwar navigation, irrigation and hydro- electric works estimated to cost nearly Chairman Mansfield (D-Text of the rivers and harbors committee predicted prompt passage without changes in the Senate Among the major projects ore the S60.000.000 Alabama-Coosa water- way, the Trinity river, Texas, program, the channeling of the Missouri river between Sioux City and the mouth to cost 000, the Illinois water- way, and the Snake river development. Chairman Bailey (D-NC) of the Senate commerce committee said ihe Tennesscc-Tombigbec channel, the Beavcr-Mahoning waterway, and the S25.000.000 San- tce-Congaree development would be covered in the second bill First of a series of open forum meetings sponsored by the Gas- tonia Women's Inter-Club Coun- cil for community discussion of problems involved in the estab- lishment of permanent peace and world securily will be held tomor- row night, Friday, February 23, 8 o'clock in the Gaston coaotj courthouse; A group of experts qualified to discuss candidly problems which will be faced in the mating of the peace will lead the panel discus- iion. The genera! public is cor- dially Invited to attend and parti- cipate in the discussion, which will be thrown open to all present. There is no admission charge PANEL MEMBERS Mrs. Roland S. Clinton, president of the Women's Inter-Club Council announced tcday that the panel leading the discussion will be made up of Dr. Lycan, who heads the history department at Queens Col- lege, Charlotte, Father Cuthbert Alien of Belmont Abbey College P. C. Whlllocfc, Charlotte attorney' and Captain William R. Capers of the Army Service Forces, who was assigned to Gastonia some time ago to expedite production at Fire- stone Textiles, Inc., local plant of mammoth Firestone Tire and Hub- ber Company. Dr. Lycan will discuss "Postwar Delations Among the Great Pow- ers." Father Cutlibert Allen's topic -Turn to OPEN FORUM, P-fr_ Local Company, Union Summoned____ Cocker Labor Case Will Be Heard In Washington A hearing has been scheduled for March I3fh in Washington before fhe full National War La- bor Board on the labor dispute Cocker Machine Foundry Company, local plant, D. Laihan Friday, general man- of the Cocker Company, aiinounrfd today (he management has been notified to appear at Washington on thai date and thai leaders of unions which rep- rtsenl the striking Cocker cm- plorcs have also been nolificd to appear. The unions involved are the In- ternational Association of Ma- chfnisls and (he International Moulders and Foundry Workers, both AFI, affiliates. The Cocker strike today went into its 22nd working day. The company was on war production before the work stoppage occurred. Union affiliated Cocker em- -------Turn lo COCKER, p-9_____ ASKS VOloF CONFIDENCE ON DECISIONS i LONDON, Feb. Prime Minister Churchill said loday the government would demand a parlia- mentary vote of confidence on the joint policy agreed to by the three powers at the Crimean conference, particularly with reference to "unity of action" in peace as in war. As leader of the House of Com- mons, Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden set down the government's mohon for the debate for next Tuesday and Wednesday even as tlic parliamentary lobbv buized with reports of possible revolt among some members of Chur- chill's own Conservative party over the Polish issue. Government spokesmen were op- nily confident of getting a blan- ket endorsement of the Crimean de- cisions. The extent of the revolt report- ed brewing was not clear, but it was not believed large enough to threaten Churchill's position. The prime minister was in the House sgain today. In answer to a question he gave assurance the Allies, in imposing peace terms on Germany, would be.ir in mind the Nazis' indiscriminate bombing by V-wcapons. George Washington became iirsl in war not so much by reason of victories over the enemy, though he had won such, or of sue- cess in strategy, though that had been his, artcrthe triumphs ol a constancy which no reverse, no hardship, no incompetency, no treachery could shake or overcome." -CHIEF JUSTICE MELVILLE W FULLER Bataan Fight Continues Japanese On Corregidor Blow Selves To Pieces GERMANY GETS HEAVY BLOWS FROM THE AIR N. C. DEMOCRATIC CLUB TO BANQUET WASHINGTON, Feb. The annual congressional banquet find ball of the North Carolina Democratic Club of Washington has been selldtiled for March 24 at the WillarO Hotel. Approximately 300 Tar Heels are expected to attend the party, the mast important social event of the year for the club. Harold Thomer- secretary to Congressman Fol- ger Is president. HENKY B. LONDON, Feb. airmen returned to the attack upon (ermany by daylight today after a mighty fleet of more than RAF night bombers had blasted the western front railway centers of Worms and Duisburg and struck a fresh blow at Berlin. German radios began sounding ilerls throughout the western half of the Retch before 10 a. m., svig- ;esting that attacking Allied planes were out in force. The RAF night raiders loosed tons ol high explosives and incendiaries on the railway hubs, smashing for he second successive night at the communications system through which the German.? are trying to supply their hardprcssed troops on the western front. also was hit the previous was bombed Worms was by a force of nboul 500 heavies and was m support, of the American Third Army, which was advancing less than 60 miles awav. Dukburg is the" western exit of ine Ruhr, and the attack on it was aimed at bottling up the military traffic through this great industrial region. The air ministry announced that twice. The blow at Yanks Slowed In Manila By Desire To Save Civilians FRED MANILA, Fcb scattered enemy remanfs were left on Corregidor ioday but fan- atically resisling Japanese troops still held out on the second floor of the famed Manila hotel, turning fhe hostelry Info the hol- iest battle spot in the capital city at dawn today. Early fronl line reports that elements ot the First Cavalry Di- vision had captured the big hotel, one of the most luxurious in the Orient, have been correcled lo say that they have occupied the i n i L V first fioor, fhe Japanese the sec- sulvlVed all but two ap- ond. Historic Bataan was cleared of Yanks Sunk By Own Bombing WASHINGTON, Feb. American bombs sank a Japanese prison ship loaded with Americans off the Philippines last December and of the fewer than half Counterattacks Beaten Off As LossesVTount erattacks have been beaten back and U. S. Marine ties have risen to in the desperate battle for the island, Admiral announced today BY AL V' T HEADQUARTERS, Guam, Several heavy Japanese counterattacks last night were driven back by Marines on tie slopes of central hvo island, Adm. Chester W. Nimite announced American offensives were resumed toward the cen- ral fighter f.eld and toward the Suribach volcano for tress on the southern tip of the island nf TI Were with support of the Jhird Marine Division, poured into the island yes crday to support tlic -Fourth and Fif fch-divfefens halted bitter Seven Japanese planes were shot down in an air attack which in- flicted some damage on the V. S. Meet standing offshore. American casualties were esti- mated as 38i killed and wounded up to p. m. jester- day. Marines, supported by flamethrow- ers and tanks, launched an assault on the northern face of Suribachi's gtin-studctcd cliff. BLOODIER THAN TARAWA The enemy garrison, tstimslal at some men, was clearly inflicting heavier casualties on the Marines than they suffered at Tarawa. Gen, Graves B. Ersklne's Third Division, victors over the Jap- anese in the invasions of Bougain- ville and Guam, made a timety ar- rival Wednesday as headquarters ror the first time acknowledged "no appreciable change In our lines Eimont Waite, Associated Press war correspondent, reported "Amcr- can casualties already are approx- nutely twice Tarawa's losses." The commitment of three Marine divisions in the four-day-old Iwo nvasion meant as many as neu may be either ashore or in '.he process of being sent against :lie enemy. Men of the Third, fourth and parently were recaptured Historic tsataan was cleared of i tu Japanese, Gen. Douglas MacArthur Une 01 tne survivors, Navy reported, and "so far as can be Lt. George Karl llrt 1 1 .Tnrtimura __ _ told Qj tan uu vjtvjii-t: .rrLllTy Tnln found, no living Japanese soldier nf s now on the peninsula." oi Lne SinKing at a news C011- -_ i to AIR ATTACKS, 6th Grade Student Stcp-Motlicr Of 10 SHELDON, Mo., Feb. Mary Lou Brown, sixth grade student, is the new stepmother of 10 children, two of them in the army ar.d five of them her schoolmates. She and Ralph Houdeshell, farmer and father of the chil- dren, were married last Saturday at Girard, Kas. consent for the girl to marry was signed by "Maude who listed her daugh- ter's age as 17. Miss Nadlne Crites, the girl's school teaclier, said she was 13. HuUdcshPll gave his age as 30. Hourieshelt's first wife and mother of the 10 children died year ol the age of -'3. IGNITE AMMUNITION Hopelessly sealed in the vast net- work of tunnels on Corregidor, Nip- wnese troops blew themselves up by touching off one of their main underground ammunition dumps. Typical of the bider inch by inch struggle for downtown Ma- nila was the baltle through most of the night between the Yanks and Japanese on the second floor of the Manila hotel where a con- tinual fight lo Ihe dealh went nn in ihe corridors and rooms and on the staircases of Ihe building which stands "on Manila's south shore district. A succession of Japanese In- filtration attempts resulted in the killing of 137 of the enemy around the captured Army-Navy club, the high commissioner's office nnct (o JAPANESE ON, Manpower Bill Gets Approval FRANCIS .1. WASHINGTON, Fcb. manpower control bill with heavy- jail and fine penalties directed against offending employers was reported favorably today by the Senate military' committee. EX-CIIARI.OTTEAN IS NOW DEAN CLEVELAND, Feb. 22-W-Ap- polnlment of Dr. Joseph Trcloar Wearn, professor of medicine nl Western Reserve University, as dean of the university's school of medicine was announced today by President Winfrcd G. Leutner. Dr. Wearn Is a native ol Charlotte, N. C. ference today. The navy said his was the first account of the disaster, which occurred off the west coast of Luzon. Two previous prison ship by submarine been reported in the Pacific. One occurred last October with the appar- ent loss of all but five of 1 800 Americans aboard. In the other, in September, only 83 of 750 Allied prisoners sur- vived. Petritz, 27, of Rockford, III., told reporters few of the prisoners involved in the lat- est sinking died as a result of the air attack. Peritz said he believed the vessel was headed for the Japanese homeland when it was attacked, because many Japanese civilians were aboard along with the pri- latter crowded into three dark, poorly venti- lated holds. The only other prisoner who escaped death or recap- ture, Petritz related, was an army identity also made his way lo the protection of Philippine guerrillas. rifth Marine Divisions, having scal- ed off the southern third of Iwo encountered tough going at the oiilh tip of the island against Jap- ineso on the slopes of volcanic Ml. Juiitachi and to the north near the sland's center in a drive to capture Motoyama airfield No. 2. Fourth Division Marines, who captured the three-runway bomb- er base, Motoyama airfield No. 1 Tuesday, succeeded in Inching north Wednesday afternoon up -----Turn (o IWO FIGHT, P-9___ Question Of UpAtMe4 SAYS NO MASS SURRENDER ON WEST FRONT WASHINGTON, Feb. War Secretary Stimson said'today "no mass surrenders" are occurring on Ihe western, front although more than 900.000 Nazis have been taken prisoner in that theater. Stimson told his news conference that "in view of rumors of mass sur- renders" he nad cabled Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. The Allied supreme commander replied, the secretary- said, that prisoners are being taken but that there are "no indication of mass surrenders." Resistance remains stiff along the front, Eisenhower told Stim- MEXICO, Feb. fina's position outside the circle of American nations took on ever- increasing importance today as the Inter-American Conference got down to the business of attempting lo solve some of the war and post- war problems facing Ihls hemis- phere. Without mentioning any countries by name, President Avila Camacho of IWexico declared keynotinn address Jasfc night that establish- ment of political and economic de- mocracy throughout the hemisphere s a prerequisite to successful func- loniiig of any international group He insisted that democracy was :hc strongest bulwark against the 'tortuous machinations of those who eek internal unrest as an excuse for oreign clashes" Deploring the absence of Argen. ma and El Salvador from this con. erence, JVfexlco's chief executive ex- pressed the hope that circumstance! won would enable them to join thi ommon effort of the Americas MAY NOT RECOGNIZF, The Argentine question been docketed for consideration'u the final business of conference, which is scheduled to end March 5, but a strong determination lo prevent any move toward recognition of the present Buenos Aires govern- ment already has become evident, MEXICO OPPOSED Er.eqiilel Padilla, Mexican foreign minister and conference chairman said in an interview that if any dele- -----Turn to ARGENTINA, P-9----- Tokyo Radio To Cheer Jap Troops (By Associated Press) Radio Tokyo announced today it would beam a special one-hour broadcast to "oiir brave officers and men" on Iwo "in par- tial expression of the gratitude of fhe people on the home front." The report was recorded by the Federal Communications Com- mission. May Take 6 To 8 Weeks Refugee-Choked Berlin Braces For Death Stand -lERJE (Swedish Newspaper Correspondent) (Written for the Associated [Copyright, by the Assoc. Press) STOCKHOLM, Feb. have just left Berlin, city of the doomed, where the fateful arrival of German army deserters helped spread paralysis among the capi- lal's five and one-halt million barricaded, bewildered ind bomb- dulltd inhabitants. I got away lo Sweden in an automobile which amount of money In the could buy, but two old suits, JMM socks, ties and two pounds of fee turned the trick. As the front moved-doser closer to Berlin more ami mtrt destriers slipped into the euitaL One by chance I desperate mother ewfUe In other woman that her n comrades had arrived in torta from the front fettrtm. la BERLIN P-4- t
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