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Saturday Times-News, The (Newspaper) - December 31, 1977, Burlington, North Carolina THE TIMES-NEWS 90th Year No. 160 Burlington, N.C., Saturday, December 31, 1977 15 Cents 28 Page 4 Sections Tongsun Park Agrees To Testify WASHINGTON (AP) South Korean rice dealer Tongsun Park will return to the United States and testify iii court about his alleged influence- buying operation in Congress, U.S. and South Korean officials announced Fri- day. Under the agreement, which was criticized immediately by principals in a separate congressional investiga- tion, the Justice Department will drop its criminal bribery and influence- buying indictment against Park once he testifies truthfully in court. Once his testimony is given, Park will be allowed to return to South Korea and will be immune from any further U.S. prosecution. However, he can be charged and prosecuted for perjury if he gives false testimony in his court appearances. Park has been accused in a 36-count indictment of trying to buy influence in Congress for the South Korean government by distributing contribu- tions to more than 20 past or present congressmen and entertaining dozens of others. Congressional criticism came from the chairman of the House ethics com- mittee, conducting its ov.-n investigation into alleged South Korean influence-buying attempts. "The agreement is a facade, It does not embody true cooperation because it excludes congressional access to Mr. Park and enables South Korea to control his saidRep. John J. Flynt. "This, to me, is nothing more than a continuance by South Korea of its refusal to cooperate with Congress." Special committee counsel Leon Jaworski added his condemnation in a separate statement. He said the Under the agreement, which was criticized immediately by principals in a separate congressional investigation, the Justice department will drop its criminal bribery and influence-buying indictment against Park once he testifies truthfully in court. arrangement is inadequate because "it fails to obligate Mr. Park to testify" before Congressional com- mittees and "enables the South Korean government to point to an in- stance of cooperation with the United States, when, in truth, its action is a mere token of cooperation." Assistant Atty. Gen. Benajamin R. Civiletti said he has asked Jaworski not to subpoena Park and "he has said he does not feel any inclination to honor that request." But Civiletti said he expects no con- frontation because he said he cannot imagine the Justice Department challenging Congress' legal right to subpoena Park. The assistant attorney general said he cannot speculate on whether Park's testimony will lead to criminal indict- ment of any more present or former congressmen in the influencebuying scandal. "I don't he said, "because I don't know what Park knows com- pletely. Certainly we will know more facts." Civiletti said he and Paul R. Michel, head of the Justice Department's Korean investigation, will go to Seoul Jan. 6 and expect to be there about two weeks. Under the agreement, they and Korean prosecutors will question Park possibly with the use of lie detec- tors. Transcripts of Park's testimony will be given to both the House and Senate ethics committees and probably will be turned over to a federal grand jury, Civiletti said. Although the agreement specifies that a lie detector may be used, Civiletti said it will not be necessary to use it throughout the questioning of Park in Seoul. Civiletti was asked if the presence of South Korean officials at the preliminary questioning might not have "a chilling effect" on Park's tell- ing the full extent of any South Korean government involvement in his alleged influence-buying operation. "I believe we're past Civiletti replied. He did not elaborate. The House committee got public testimony in Oc- tober that the Korean Central Intelligence Agency conspired with Park's operation and that at least one former South Korean ambassador tried to give congressmen envelopes stuffed with bills. Civiletti said the agreement on getting Park's testimony in U.S. courts reflects cooperation by the South Korean government that brings hope of "early settlement of the pending problems between the two governments concerning the case." Earnest Hate's Plymouth In Fountain At Fountain Place Photo by Chambers Laird Wet Surprise One Car In A Fountain By MIKE HAILEY Staff Writer Police were surprised, almost as much as Earnest Hale was, when they responded to a call about a car that was in the fountain on Fountain Place in Burlington Friday evening. When they arrived on the scene. Hale was still in the drivers seat. Neighbors, some with cameras, braved the chilling night weather to watch as Hale, 75, was helped from his water soaked, late model Plymouth. The fountain is situated in the mid- dle of the street with a birdbath in the middle. The sides of the street splits around the fountain. "Boy, I'm sure said Hale af- ter stepping out of knee-deep cold water. "Hope that the food is all right." Hale stated that he was coming home from the grocery store to cook dinner when the accident occurred. "I don't even know what hap- pened...didn't even see the he said. Hale, whose address is 802 W. Front St., stated that he received no injuries in the mishap. He was not driving un- der the influence, according to policemen on the scene. No charges have been made as of yet. The car, which took about 20 minutes to remove, was damaged although the amount was not available at the time. At State Dinner Carter Pledges 6NoWar' President Carter And Polish First Secretary Edward Gierek WARSAW, Poland (AP) President Carter pledged Friday night that America would never start a war ex- cept by mistake, and said he believed the Soviet Union would begin a war only under 'the most profound provoca- tion or misunderstanding." Carter made the remarks in a toast at the close of a state dinner with Polish Communist Party leader Edward Gierek. As the president entered the ornate palace for the din- ner he passed about 100 dissidents shouting in Polish, "Carter, Carter, save us, save us." Their demonstration on the cold, rainy night was dispersed by Polish police. It could not be determined if there were arrests. Saturday December 31, 1977 PARTLY Weather Precipitation: 20% Highs: lower 40s Lows: in the 30s Winds: NW 10 to 15 mph Across The State..............Page 3A Church News.................Page 5B Classifieds..................Page 7-8B Comics ......................Page 7A Editorials.....................Page 4A Inside: Police Watch For Strangler, Page 2A Soul City Building For Sale, Page 3A Pitt Topples Clemson, Page IB Chapel Hill Wins Holiday Classic, Page IB People.......................Page 8A Sports .....................Page 1-3B Stocks.......................Page 6B Theaters.....................Page 8A Weather................ Page 5B Women's News............Page 5-6A AREA DEATHS: Mrs. Frances Motley Driver; Mrs. Bessie Duncan Foushee; Mrs. Maude Holt Phillips. See Page 46. Monitor Victim Of N.C. Gale WASHINGTON (AP) There was a gale blowing off Cape Hatteras on that New Year's Eve 115 years ago as the USS Monitor, the latest thing in naval warfare, struggled south to join the Yankee attack on Wilmington, N.C. But the going was too rough. Soon, the Monitor put out the red distress lantern. Then, the ironclad vessel, which had proved a match for the Confederate enemy but not an ocean gale, became one more victim of the "Graveyard of the Atlantic." Eleven men aboard died when the Union warship slid under the waves. The site of that Civil War sinking was discovered on March 7, 1974, by a professor from Duke University. A year later, the lost crew's grave was marked when the site was des- ignated as a Marine Sanctuary to protect it from treasure hunters and salvors. The red distress lantern is back from the depths now. It was recovered last summer in a project conducted by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Harbor Branch Foundation, Inc. The expedition photographed the sunken ironclad and explored the area, but NOAA officials are not sure if it ever can be raised because of the rough waters and the possibility that the ship might break apart if moved. The Monitor, which ushered in a new era of naval warfare, is resting bottom-up on the sand, its revolving turret visible, under 210 feet of water about 16 miles off the North Carolina coast. The vessel "has a dark green cast to it and the armor belt and turret look to be in very good condition the ship ap- pears to be austere and solitary and very much like a ship- Cmdr. Philip Johnson of NOAA wrote in his log after viewing it. The Monitor, which gave its name to a whole class of war- ships in the late 19th century, had been built in response to Confederate experiments with ironclad vessels. Its mere 18 inches of freeboard the part of a ship's side that is above water drew some criticism, but the design was approved by President Lincoln and the ship was built in less than 100 days at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. In his toast, Carter said: "I know in more vivid terms than before that na- tions like your own and like the Soviet Union, which have suffered so deeply, will never commence a war unless there is the most profound provocation or misun- derstanding brought about by lack of communication. "We also want peace and would never start a war except by mistake, when we didn't understand the motives and attitudes and desire for peace on the part of our potential adver- saries." The dinner ended the first full day of Carter's mile, six-nation journey that will take him to Iran on Saturday. Before the dinner, Carter met with Polish and American reporters in what was believed to be the first full-scale news conference held by a U.S. president in a. Soviet bloc country. He complimented Poland on its human rights record but raised a sensitive rights issue the government's refusal to allow dissident journalists to attend the news conference. In an opening statement, he noted that the dissident reporters had been barred and he said he would answer their questions later in writing. There was no immediate official Polish reaction to Carter's statement. But it had the potential for stirring up the second diplomatic flap of the three-day Carter visit the first having been a U.S. interpreter's erratic and slightly comical translation of Carter's arrival speech into Polish. After the news conference, Carter attended a state dinner with Polish leader Edward Gierek. That capped a day of snow and rain that also included a tour of national monuments, a visit by Mrs. Carter to Poland's outspoken Roman Catholic primate, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski, and an 80-minute meeting between Gierek and Carter and Secretary of State Cyrus R. Vance. The president was to fly to Iran Saturday on the second leg of his six-nation tour. On the subject of the Middle East, Carter told the news conference he will con- sider visiting President Anwar Sadat in Egypt on his current trip, which ends next Friday, "if it's mutually con- venient and desirable." Carter is eager to help move the current Egyptian- Israeli peace talks ahead and to reassure Arab leaders of U.S. evenhandedness in the Mideast. Egyptian President Anwar Sadat said Thursday he was "d-sappointed" by a Carter statement backing the Israeli position on the Palestinian issue. Carter already is scheduled to meet with Jor- dan's King Hussein and Saudi Arabian leaders during the tour. Carter told the news conference he offered Poland million in agriculture credits to help ease grain shortages from four suc- cessive crop failures. Now Say That Again Please WARSAW, Poland (AP) President Carter ran into new translation difficulties Friday night. This time it was a brief problem with the Polish interpreter sub- stituting for the American who had made embarrassing mistakes in Carter's arrival address Thursday. Carter paused after delivering the first sentence of his toast at a state banquet to allow the substitute Jerzy Krycki to translate it into Polish. No translation came. Carter delivered another sentence and waited. Again no translation followed. Then the translator who had rendered Polish leader Edward Gierek's .toast into English stepped to the microphone and took over. Presidential aide Barry Jagoda defended Krycki, who was once employed by the U.S. Embassy in Warsaw and who was furnished by the Polish government to translate :arter's news conference earlier Friday. Jagoda said Polish television had praised Krycki's .ranslating at the news conference as "faultless." Ex- jlaining the Friday night pause, Jagoda said, "What hap- >ened was that he and Gierek's interpreter, a man he studied under, got together and realized Gierek's in- terpreter could do a better job." Polish journalists said Stephen Seymour, hired by the State Department for the Carter trip, spoke "very rusty" Polish. His simultaneous interpretation of Car- ter's airport speech Thursday night drew snickers from the Polish welcoming crowd, although Communist leader Edward Gierek and other officials kept a straight face. When the president spoke of the desires of the Polish people, Seymour translated it as "your lusts for the listeners said. Carter's "when I left the United States" became "when I abandoned the United they said. Seymour also interpreted "Our nation was founded" as "Our nation was and "He won the admira- tion" as "He merited the respect." Wait One Second Before You Celebrate WASHINGTON (AP) Before you start celebrating the new year, you should know that 1977 will last one second longer than originally scheduled. The world's timekeepers will add a "leap second" to the year Saturday to keep clocks in step with the earth. The National Bureau of Standards in Boulder. Colo., operates atomic clocks and radio broadcast stations which provide most of the Western Hemisphere with standard time and frequency signals. These signals will incorporate the "leap second." The leap second will begin at exac- tly p.m. and 60 seconds, Greenwich time, and end one second later, when the new year officially begins in London. The leap second will be officially ad- ded at 7 p.m. EST in the United States. Adjustments such as this have been made once every year since 1972. In 1972, the first year to use them, two leap seconds were inserted. Leap seconds are needed because the atomic clocks which generate of- ficial time do not run at exactly the same rate that the earth spins on its axis. The Bureau of Standards says, do not want these ex- tremely accurate clocks to get too far out of step with the earth's variable rotation.
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