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Troy Record, The (Newspaper) - January 26, 1946, Troy, New York The Weather Cloudy and colder. THE TROY RECORD UTEST Now Tin- lUimnl Uon to Pram ThBD Any Othnr Horataf Hold In Troy, Seriei 23. u WCODJ t'lui it Uu PIKtulllnv I >t Troy. N V., Undir th bitter attack on Senator Vandcnberg Thomas, president of the C. I. O. United Auto Workers, had distrib- uted copies of his statement to committeemen and reporters. It said that Vandenbnrg "carried the G. Af. torch" nnd "helped lay a tmp into which President Truman has stepped." The Thomas alleged, wafi Vandenberg's piopos-al that the President call a labor management conference. He asserted the Sena- tor "knew that the automobile industry wanted the labor-manage- ment conference to fail." The in- dustry, he added, "made sure that no agreement would be reached, and that theie would be legislation proposed by Mr. Truman if no agreement weie reached." Thomas contended that the pro- posed fact-finding -.ill was the re- sult. Thomas had developed only part of this argument, but had made1 other derogatory references to' Vnndenberg, when the committee I members stopped him in the mid- dle of his third page. Senator Morse (R.-Orc.) made the first remonstrance, calling the testimony irrelevant, and Senators Donncll Smith (R.-N. J.) and Taft (R.-Ohio) quickly joined in the protest. Chairman Murray CD. Mont.) finally Thomas to cease his attack "on a senator who is not here to defend himself." Vanden- berg is a delegate to the United Nations meeting in London; not a committee member. Thomas lotuinod a liim sir" to questions of Senator LaFollelte (Prog.-Wis.) as to UNION LEADERS DISCUSS MEAT Jimerson, (right) president of the A. F. of L. Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen of America, and Patrick Gorman, (left) secrelary-lreasurur, discuss the meat strike situation in Jimer- son's Chicago office. (AP Wirephntn.) I j W T __ Tortured. whether any new labor legislation is needed. Senator Ellender (D.-La.) asked Thomas if the goveinment could do nothing hut let General Motors and the union "sweat it out? "I think it's got to be sweated Thomas said grimly. "I think the best thing to do is leave the situation alone if we are going to have n democracy." Senator Fullbright (D.-Ark) asked Thomas whether he thought the present strike situation was a benefit to the public. "Not right now but in the long run it will Thomas replied. Thomas' testimony followed that of President Charles B Wilson of Geneia! Motors Corporation, who likewise opposed the f.ict-flnding bill. Wilson argued that fact-find- ing impedes collective bargaining and makes it difficult to reach ri cement in labor disputes. Wilson asserted tint hourly mended wa by the increase Geneia! recom- Motors fact-finding board has led unions to hold out for a settlemcnl at that Jigure. Under questioning, lie said he would not be willing to submit the two-month-ohl G-eneral Motors strike to arbitiation unless "Con- gress said that was the thing to do." Wilson denied General Motors had participated in any joint in- dustrial action against labor or was party to any "mutual strategy" or corporations to fight the C. I. 0. wage drive. Morse Code Signals to Moon May Solve Age-Old Question Washington, suc- cess In csLahHsliing radar contact with Hie moon described last, night as an "opening step" townrd solving the use-old question whether human life exists else- where than on earth. This Is the view of Mnj. Gen'. Harold McClelland, air communi- cations officer of the Air Forces, when queried as to further possi- bilities growing out of the Army Signal Corps announcement that ft had achieved several radar contacts with the moon since Jan. 1C. McClelland told a reporter: "J see no reason why, eventually, a form of Morse cods by radai could not be transmitted to some of the celestial bodies about which conjecture has been mnde that human life exists. "If sufficient power could he genei ntud to got signals out through millions of miles of upace to reach the planets, intelligence could be simply transmitted by such signals. "And if intelligent human life exlsU beyond tho onrth su h had developed techniques supeiioi to our own." H. E. Rurton, principal astron- omer of the U. S. Naval Observa- tory, pointed out that conjectures have been mnrie that lifi1 exists on the planets Mars and Venus. He declared that Mars had a thin enough atmospheric envelope to admit passage of radar signnls if sufficient power were, generated to span the miles between the earth and Mars at their closest point of proximity. Nuernberg, Flench New York prosecution witness told the Inter- national Military Tiibunal yester- day th.it 47 American and Dutch flyers were lortuied and stoned to death at Mauthausen murder camp, and said the Gel man people knew "very well" of the misdeeds of their masters in Nazi concentia- tion camps. The witness, Maurice Lampe, once a piisonei at Mauthausen, also declared the Germans'at that Aus- trian murder camp executed fifty Russian officers and political com- missars as n special treat for Hem- rich Himmler, Gestapo chief. Lampe, declaiing Gennan civ- ilians, were not ignorant concern- ing events in concentration camps, said: "We were divided into work corps, most of them were sent into towns, to work side by side Geimans whom we told what was I month-old picketing of Western Union's main office flaied yesterday into a series of which resulted in the anest of nine persons. Several otheis, according to the police re- port, were injured. The most serious disturbance oc- curied slioitly after noon when 55 uniformed policemen and detec- tives flourishing nightsticks sought to protect groups ot workers at- tempting; to enter and leave the building. Three mounted policemen edged their horses into the broken picket- line, forcing many to scamper for safety. One picket, Michael Hunt, said he was stepped on by a horse. Mra Sadie Shiopbhlre, 50, fell to the street because the said her legs had been "painfully hurt." happening, .Sometimes one of our I jn.r number would be summoned fiom work to lie executed." He testified that the and Dutch tlyeis airived at Mauth- ausen the morninjr of Sept. 8, 39H. They were haiefooted and dressed to enter the build- d twenty policemen on duty. Lawrence Kammet, publicity of- Amencan flcer, for the Ameiican Communi- cations Association (C. I. O.) which onlv in their underwear, ha added, continuing: called out members in New York and New Jersey in a wage dispute with Western Union, told _, the strikuis from a sound ti uck The tlyers were taken before the that some day next week a picket commandantand told they were I line would be established thiough condemned to death for trying to escape. One Ameiican ofricoi re- quested the privilege of dying "like a soldier" but he was beaten. The group was led. still barefooted, to the bottom of a stone quarry. "Bach man was then loaded with Ktones and had to go to the top of the all 186 steps." Lampe said "That first trip each man earned 25 to 30 kiloguuiid (53 to (S3 pounds) of stone. They were beaten all the way. They h.id to i un back down ajrain. "On the second tlip. the loads were heavier still. The blows on them icdoubled and stones The Army reported that pulsed nt speed of light, miles a sec- tile roundtrip in two and ft half seconds. Astronomer Burton snld he be- lioved it would bo virtually Impos- sible to contact Venus by rndar be- cause of that planet's extremely dense atmosphere. Uurton declnred that while It is generally accepted that human Mfo does not exist on tho moon, it may bo that lower forms of llfn exist theie. "Wo he said, ''that be- cause the moon has little atmoH- pliero that there Is no moistuio there nnd hence no forms of life, Rut a topographical mapping of the moon by radar might reveal Hint signals coiJld be answered. Wr them Is moisture In the cicvlces might And that planets of tho lunar mountains." weie huiled at them. The same process was repeated the whole dav. "That evening the party in which I was working came from the guaiiy and climbed the steps which were covered with blood. I almost stepped on the jaw of a mnn. "Twenty-one bodies weie lying there and the otheis died the following morning." Of tiie executions of tin- Rus- sians, Lampe said he watched the Russians kiss one another fare- well bffoie they were marched singly down the .steps to the execu- tion chamber. Prosecutor Charles Dubost de- clared that the similarity of Ges- tnpo thctics of torture in all occu- pied countries of Western Europe proved that orders to employ brutality came from a higher au- thority, nei haps even from Reichs- inarshal Goering himself as war rninioter, Swiss Feel Tremors Bern, Switzerland uri-Enrtli tremors toppled scores of chim- neys and haloonic-i In Sittou night. Police snld there was no lews of life. Tremors Listing four lo HCVLMI .seconds W'IM-O felt in a number of Swiss plm'i-; at fi-35 p.m. local time, emi.-lng widespiend d.imnpr. Somo ipildcnla of Hern lied to the strerls when thoir houses swayed, hut many tilans did not notice, the which "even a flea" would not pass. Eight of the persons arrested weie jpleased on 4100 bail for hear- ings Jan. 30, anaignment of the nintli was scheduled later Meanwhile the company sought a co-jit order to restrain the union from mass picketing employes' homes, using sound trucks nnd violating the company union con- tract. "Tho company has asked for this injunction in order to protect its employees from acts of violence and intimidation to which the union is now T. B. Gittlngs, i company vice praident. said. i The order is in state i respondents wciv Josc-ih Solly, and Alfied Dumar, presidoiu and secre- tary, respectively, of the union. Sloe! Fabricators Seek Wage Parleys -Pitlsburg tug steel strike, now five days olri, was no nearer settlement last night hut a group representing 50 steel fabri- cating and processing firms moved Workers Remain Out Chicago, government seized at 12-01 a.m. today 11 meat packing companies, including the nation's five largest, all of which have been tied up by striking A. P. of L, and C.I.O. Union workers since Jan 16 Gayle G. Armstrong, government representative for President Tru- man and the Secretary of Agricul- ture, took over possession of the plants without formal ceremony through each company's officials, whom he had designated as his aides. The head of each company had been instiucted earlier to display the United Stato flag and post the official notice of goveinment seizure. Aimstiong said lie would I deliver subsequent orders to the company heads who would in turn delegate authority to plant of- ficials "down the line" as necessary. Union leacleis of United Packing House Workers (C.I.O.) yesterday refused to order their ineuibeisliip to return to work, hut officers of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Work- men (AFL) on Thursday ordered their members to return to work for Uncle Sam in a tempoiary truce. A. F. L. Consents to Work. The A F. group consented to work for goveinment opeiators at existing wage rates, awaiting out- come of hearings by a federal fact- finding panel, but U. p. W. de- clared its membership would not return to work withou'. assurance from fhe union's wafre demands would be put Into eliect during federal occupation of the plants. The government seizure was ef- fective at a.m. (E.S.T.) in the Eastern Time Zone then west- ward at hourly intervals in the various time Eight other companies listed in the Piesident's original seizure order Thursday will be signed up this morning, Armstrong said, when their officials reach Chicago. Possession of the plants included "without limitation, all real estate, buildings, machinery, tools, equip- ment, inventories, and all livestock, materials, supplies and articles of pioduction and processing of meat and meat products (Continued on rage Thirteen.) GOVERNMENT Only U. S. Loan Can Save France, Gouiu Declares Paris, Socialist deputies de- clared yesterday President Felix Gouin had told them that only a loan of from the United States could save France from financial chaos. The Socialist president, seeking to win complete three-party sup- port of a drastic financial piogr.im aimed at halting spir.iling inflation, pleaded with his paity members to appiove the plans of Piene Mendes Fiance, an Independent Rjdical Socialist and tortnei finance mini- ster and minister of natioral economy under Gen. Charles de- Gaulle. The Socialists said Gotun outlin- ed Fiance's financial and food situation pessimistically, and de- liveied an ultimatum that he would supreme court next Tuesday. Xamnd weT'rej'dod.0 'inllncinl General appioval of the program was announced by all three major the Communists, Socialists and Popular Republican Movement but piospects for quick foiTiiation of a new cabinet dark- ened hist night when Gouin an- nounced th.it Mcndrs-Fiance had declined to become finance minister in his cabinet. Gouin saKI Mendes- France declared because tho Radical Socialist Party hud decided not to participate in tho govern- ment. to rotlle their own differences with the C. I. O.-Umtcd Steel Workers. The boaui of directors of the Trislale Industrial Association, whose member companies in the Pitt.shurg area, employ around 000 men, recommend wage negoti- ations he resumed Individually whenever tha union inn km n request. C. 1. O. President Philip Murray, In fi sttacment earlier regarding the situation confronting the fabri- cators, snld the union has been nfid Is now prepared to engage in col- lei llvo bargaining. The fiteel nhoititge was ii-Merfmd j last night in Iho auto Held with the layoff of !''ord workcrrt at Church Directory Clarified Comic Crossword Htlilorials Enough Markets Meny-Go-Rounil Obituary Political Slage Detroit. Up' to remained I'lllSfi Of the People On Inside Pages idle, at coal mines and on fuel carrying railroads and reports from scattered areas showed the short- age was rooking Itself felt lu other llnti. Kadio Sodal Rvcnls Sports Thualcn Page 6 16, 17 15 13 8 12 8, 13 18 8 8, 1.) 5 4 14, 15 13
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