Syracuse Herald Syracuse Journal, August 27, 1939

Syracuse Herald Syracuse Journal

August 27, 1939

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Issue date: Sunday, August 27, 1939

Pages available: 43

Previous edition: Saturday, August 26, 1939

Next edition: Monday, August 28, 1939 - Used by the World's Finest Libraries and Institutions
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Syracuse Herald Syracuse Journal (Newspaper) - August 27, 1939, Syracuse, New York This Issue of the Syracuse Herald American is comprised of four sections: FIRST Kftws Section, with exclusive WJre- spurts, financial news and national and worldwide news coverage. SRCOND News Section, with local news, news ol Central New York, society, real estate, resorts, radio, theaters and classi- fied advertising. The AMERICAN WEEKLY. The COMIC WEEKLY, PUCK, the tectlon devoted to the best colored comics. Be sure to get them all. The price is 10 cents. Pay no more! SYRACUSE HERALD VOL. 59, NO. Si'KACUSE, N. Y., SO'XDAY WORKING, AUGtTST 27, 1333. TEN CENTS RITAIN KEEPS PEACE DOOR FINAL CITY EDITION The Weather Fair today and tomorrow; wanner todav. U.S. Hopeful Of Peace but Prepares for Emergency Roosevelt Confers With State and Navy De- partment Aids New Snag Is Feared French, Polish Envoys Discuss Situation With Welles I "Washington, Aug. 26 I from abrond gave j; official "Washington a measure of hope today that a European war might be averted, but j; lucre was no relaxation in the I hour-by-hour study of ilevelop- ments or in the Gov- eminent's advance prepara- K iions for the steps this conn- 6 try will take if war breaks out. V President Roosevelt, still awaiting I German'replies to his two messages f- In behalf at peace, conferred Trlth A. A. Eerie, assistant Secretary of State, and Louis Johnson, assistant 4j! Secretary of War, regarding plans to i meet the problems of war would pre- j-: sent lor (his country. M Neither the White House nor the State Department had received any Adolf Hitler would reply to the Pres- Idcnt's peace appeals.' It generally was however, that week-end J developments would show T Europe wouiJ be plunged into war or would settle Its dlncrences by nego- i- tlatlons. I The French and Polish ambassadors i- called nt the State Department and discussed the fast-developing Euro- pean' events with Stunner Welles, Undersecretary of state. Jerzy Potockl, the Polish repre- ;V sentatlve, expressed the appreciation of his government fcr Mr. Roosevelt's _ efforts to avert war. "The only thing We can do he asserted, "Is to ,y wait and wonder what Hitler will do." Potockl told reporters he thought recent German sud- den stoppage of communication with i' the outside world End its unexplained jv resumption, the grounding of com- mcrclal pianes and the call for Ger- man shipping to return designed as another step in Hltier's "war or nerves." The polish Ambassador reiterated M previous declarations that Poland 1 "was entirely willing to negotiate ji with Germany." But he added that "negotiations cannot be carried on in an atmosphere of threats." Avoiding a direct answer to aques- tlon as to whether Poland would be -willing to negotiate over the status of Danzig, Potockl asserted that Po- land could not afford to Qo anything that would destroy her "vital rights." "I The French Ambassador, count dc il Saint Quentin, told reporters Jie merely exchanged information with Welles, as he often had done in the i past. "While asserting Jie had no rc- ;j ports as lo what course Hitler might pursue. Saint Qucntln added that 'press advices nbroad Indicated 8 lessening of tension. After his talk with the President, iy Johnson asserted that latest Euro- jican news warranted some optimism end added: J; 'The situation appears to be un- l folding, but it may hit a snog." >J Tho Army, Johnson said, "is ready S to carry out any domestic plans s fc'ar In Europe makes necessary." Berle discussed the President I; B list of emergency proclamations B which would be issued in event of war. The proclamntlors have been drafted tentatively at meetings of g high Government officials during the last week. The Itst Includes several en neutrality. At his press conference, Secretary Hull evinced neither optimism nor pessimism about the European de- y-lopmenu. 1 He said the State Department had received. no tangible information ftbout Hitler's reported proposal for B settlement of the Polish contro- .vcrsy. He declined to express an opinion on whether recent dispatches Indicated a lessening of European tension. A-report from Berlin that the dan- Ecr or a world war had been definitely averted was weighed by officials In v the light of advices thr; the British Parliament would meet Monday to I consider Hitler's reported peace pro- posal and that France would nego- tiate for any settlement of the pres- ent situation only on the basis of complete, parity. Ono wfll-advlscd observer said that H "anybody's gtiess" what might happen In Europe over ihe wecJc- cnd. He that If the week-end puss without Inci- dent, then there would bo reason to would be averted. Americans and Britons Flee From Poland Into Reich GERMAN PHOTOGRAPH. This picture, taken near the German-Polish'border, shows' a scene at a railroad station as foreigners had their baggage inspected by customs officials. It was radioed from Berlin with the cap- tion in German as shown. Translated, the caption says, "The trains toward the German border bring .foreigners fleeing out of Poland. Our picture (U. B. Unscr Bild) shows British'and. Americans'at control stations at Upper Silesiau Kail- road station passing the border into Gcrniany.''1 Hitler Plan All Warsaw Prays for De- cision That'Will Avert War Violence Is Reported New Border Incidents Keep Tension High in Capital Warsair. -Aug. 25 waited and prayed through day of drizzling rain today for diplomacy's decision in greater capitals that might break up the clouds of war. The-Poles declared they had their part, consistent with honor, by agreeing to refrain from any hostile act if Germany also avoided "such act, direct or indirect." President Moscicki, in'a.message to President Roosevelt, agreed to a sug- gestion for conciliation of the Ger- man-Polish quarrel. Adolf Hitler had 1- Britain Abandon Polish Alliance England and France Are Reported to Have Rejected Berlin's Latest Terms ranee Tens Nazis' Party Congress Off; Hitler Speeds Mobilization Military Moves Are Not Expected Until After Henderson Returns Food Short in Reich Chaplains and Nurses Called to Duly; Mail Is Regulated England Delays Reply as France Rebuffs Hitler Henderson Taking Final British De- cision to Berlin Today; Parliament Expected to Meet Monday Negotiate.Directly With Warsaw, Paris Reply to Berlin States By Webb Miller London, Aug. 26 Britain was reliably re- ported tonight to be preparing a message informing Adolf Hit- ler that his suggestions for solution of Europe's crisis are un- acceptable but advancing counter proposals for a settlement. With men under arms in Europe. Prime Min- ister Neville Chamberlain met with his Cabinet this evening and discussed Hitler's suggestions as relayed by Sir Nevile Henderson, the British Ambassador to Berlin, who will fly back to Germany with the Government's answer, probably on Sun- day. The Nazi Fuehrer's views, ns ried by Henderson, contained ossur- iofc replied, but lie was believed In F ances of Germany's desire for friendly to have advanced fl com- _lit_ .._, Pol! promise plan through the British am- bassador to Berlin, who carried it to London today. f Interest was focused tonight on the conversations between Hitler and Sir NevlJe Henderson, British ambas- sador to Berlin, and the impression in Polish circles was Mist' Germany had been impressed by the firm stand of the western powers. and Poland. Official circles said the Polish gov- ernment had been Informed by Great Britain; concerning the Hitler-Hen- derson talks nnd that the main 'ob- ject of these talks was one of "gen- eral proposals" concerned only wltn British-German relations.. This led to rumors here that Hitler had submitted, a nonflggresslon- pact to Britain. Responsible circles de- clared they were "completely conll- (Concluded on Page 6, Column -I) Dynamite-Laden Truck Explodes; 4 Believed Dead Biir.gor, Mr., Aug. 26 dyna- mite-laden truck exploded tonight In Holden, sis miles southeast of hero, killing an undetermined number of persons. Slat's Trooper Abel Bouch said first reports Indicated nt least four persons were in the several of them children. The truck was blown to bits.' Frag- ments or bodies were strewn ovsr the Bangor-Ellsworth highway and Identi- fication of the victims was not im- mediately possible. The terrific blast, which could be heard miles away, blew down' tele- phone wires and cut Holden and the nearby lowft of Eddingion oil from communication. The blnst swept another automobile off the highway and injured -its three one ol them critically.' i But, according to sources, Hitler said thai relations with Britain nnd Prance, luthoritative he wanted a free hand to deal with Poland. One wen-informed governmental source said that one of Hitter's "sug- gestions" was for restoration of the 19J4 German frontier, which would mean roughly the cession of about one-third of Poland to Germany. The delicacy of the negotiations I" which the big powers are now In- volved, and on which war or peace presumably depends, was emphasized by the secrecy surrounding the In- terchange or messages or "sugges- tions" nnd the desire of British offi- cials to avoid any move that might break off the exchange. was emphasized, for instance, both here and In Berlin, that Hitler had not proposed any "peace but tliat Henderson merely conveyed his suggestions to the ernmcnt. Likewise it was reported that the British government did not Intend flatly to reject Hitler's sug- gestions, but that, at the same time. it found them unacceptable and would therefore make counter sug- gestions. In this way. It was pointed out. the ftnhl ihowdown migln be post- poned and. Great Britain would avoid wfcat soma sources .believed was on attempt by Hitler to place on the British government .the onus of jectlng s per.ce gesture. Then, as Chamberlain met with his Cabinet after officials had ndvlsed King George of deTeJopments and consulted, with the French', Polish and United States Ambassadors, the pur- port of HJtler'S'SUggcstlons wore dis- closed on good authority.' According to this source, tho Nazi lender 1. FTPS City of Danzig to the. Reich at once 2. That Germany be given a free hand lo deal with Poland In direct (Concluded on rage 2, Column 1) Reich to Respect Swiss, Belgian, Dutch Borders Brussels, Aug. SG The Ger- man ambassador, Dr. Von Buelow- Schwante. reaffirmed to King Leopold today the pledge that -Germany will in no way violate Belgium, provided Belgium remains strictly neutral In event of war. The pledge was given to Belgium originally on Oct. J3, 1937. Premier Hubert Pierlot today sub- mitted two wartime measures to his cabinet. One would give the King dors wltn different emphasis. More Troops Called Envoy to Moscow Re- called by Paris for 'a Long Leave' Paris. Au-z. 26 was' re- ported tonight, to have told Germany. in a firm to Esichsfuehrer Hitler's peace proposals, that the way to settle the European crisis for Germany to negotiate directly with Poland. The French answer, handed per- sonally to the afternoon by Coulondre, was Nazi chieftain this Robert lid by Paris diplo- matic sources to have stated the French position in two points: 1. France does not want to fight but she has given her guarantee to Poland and intends lo make good on if. 2. If Germany wants a peaceful solution she must negotiate a set- tlement directly with Poland as equal power treating with equal power. In demonstration o: her firmness, shortly after Premier Dalsdter pcr- scna'.Iy Crafted, the response to Hit- ler. France called up three additional groups of reservists. Estimates of the number of men this "will bring under arms varied up to 3.000.000. Diplomatic sources here said that France and Britain were replying sep- arately to the German proposals be- cause the Fuehrer presented his plan to the British and French ambassa- Aug. 26 German Government tonight cancelled the Nazi Party Con- gress which was to have been held 'at Nuernberg beginning 2. The projected, congress, to which Adolf Hitler himself had applied tha name of "party day of peace." was called off at P. M. P. it E5T) after long conferences among Nazi party leaders. Whether the congress will be held at a later date was not immrfiatelT decided. Official quarters said National So- cialism's biggest show was called, off because of the tense international ituation. The official announcement resd; "The party congress, schedules to have been held between Sept. 2 and 11, will not place. date will depend upon developments." The cancellation ol the party con- vention, for which vast preparationi lad. been made, wss re-cardEd a evidence the seriousness with Germany regards the European outlook. The impression prevailed that the cancellation was ordered after Berllu heard something of what had taken place in London tonight. The latest Nazi step had the im- mediate effect of dampening the slight optimism .which had been spreading through Berlin earlier In the evening, The drastic action was regarded another indication that the Wilhelm- strasse was taking an serious view of developments. A Nazi "pF-rtei tag." with Its ar- rangements for participation br more than a million persons, is not called off lightly. It was also Indicated that Berlin was somcwnnt less than satlsaed with reports from France HS to the manner in which German proposals for the of the Polish Corri- dor-Danzig problem had been re- ceived. It was indicated that Premier Dalndier's comment that there "can be no conference simply to satisfy Germany's claims" had created the impression here that the western powers beiieved Germany was de- manding something that was unjust or unacceptable. LONDON DOUBTS NAZIS WILL RISK WAR OVER POLAND London, Aug. 27 (Sunday) rope's oullook for peace darkened early lo- as Fuehrer Hitler announced a sudden cancellation of his great Nazi party con- gress at Nuremberg, which was to have opened next Saturday. The move- announced in Berlin shortly before midnight, followed dispatch of the French reply to the Fuehrers peace proposals. France v.'as reported to have told Hitler firmly that she has given her guarantee to Poland and intends to make good. If Germany ivants a peaceful solution, she must negotiate a settlement directly with Poland as an equal power, France Avas reported to have informed the Fuehrer. Meanwhile Britain delayed replying to the Hitler message, brought to London by airplane Saturday by the British Am- to have demanded a straight or "no" reply to his pro- posals. The British Cabinet met late last night in framing an an- swer, and Henderson was expected to take it back to Berlin today. It was reported Prime Minister Chamberlain had de- cided to call Parliament into special session on Monday. The Nuremberg Congress cancellation was not explained, but the inference was that Germany was dissatisSed with ihe reaction of France and Britain to the Hitler proposals- It seemed obvious in Berlin that Nazi and government lead- ers figured on being too busy in the coming weeks to participate in a party convention. Berlin reports said Hitler appeared to have been all ready to strike against Poland early Saturday, but decided suddenly late Friday upon another course, after which he called in ihe French and British Ambassadors, along with the Italian and Japanese- and gave out his peace terms. This was interpreted in London as indicating he did not want to risk a European war over his claims against Poland. Polish circles in "Warsaw said Hitler apparently had been impressed by the stand of Britain, France and Poland in the face of the crisis. Informed quarters said Prime Minister Chamberlain had decided to call a special meeting of Parliament Monday as a result of Hitler's message, the nature of which was undisclosed. Another meeting of the Cabinet was called for tomorrow morn- 'Ming, the first Sunday meeting since the crisis last September, The German government. the Whatever Hitlers it was authoritatively stated, Britain's position is that Poland nnist have the say as to whether the proposals are acceptable to her as a basis for negotiations between the two countries. An informed source said further clarification of Hitler's views might have to be conveyed back to London. This ap- peared to indicate that Henderson would not take back a def- inite final reply to (he Fuehrer's proposals', but a cautiously worded answer designed to keep open the door for further consultation. France, emphasizing her position as "one absolute firm- brought her army to a stage approaching complete mo- special wartime powers to take ur- 1 gent measures for security and de- fense. The second was a decree pro- viding for mobilization of the army If the European situation Warrants. Berne, Switzerland, Aug. 26 German minister nssufcd the Swiss government today that Ger- many would respect Swiss territory and neutrality in event or war. Amsterdam, Aug. 26 many, today officially assured the ttint the RcicJi would re- spect Dutch neutrality m event of war. The assurance was given by tha German minister In a visit to Queen Wilhelmlna, the .foreign cilice- an- nounced. First British Troops Are Shown in France Paris, Aug. 27 morning newspapers today printed pictures of British troops on French soil under Lhc caption "English Troops Arriving In The War Department said t had "no information on tha eub- Jcct." As diplomatic circles in Paris pieced together jcstcrday's dramatic inter- views between Hitler and British, French, Japanese and. Italian ambas- sadors, the Fuehrer, when he called them in separately, gave them sepa- rate messages lor their governments that diflered in details. With French Ambassador Cou- londre, these sources said he was (Concluded on 1'nge Column S> France Halts All Air Lines To East Europe Paris, Aug. 26 French Osrornment tenant cut off all sir communication between France and Eastern Europe. A decrpt1, to become- effective at 9 A. A. M. E.D.T.) tomorrow, lorbado any planes except French military craft to fly over French territory east of a line from Calais, south through Paris and Lyons to Marseille. Eight regular air routes used by lines serving Belgium, the Nether- lands, Germany, Switzerland and Italy, as well as countries farther tast, Tcro eliminated by the order. contrary, has consistently held that its demands on Poland are moderate and entirely justifiable. An omnious implication lar in the that Hitcr and all Germany had. been advertising the Nazi Congress as the "party day ol peace." Hl'.ier himself had chosen that I phrase. 1 Another ominous r.ote was the sue- i that the Congress would be held on some other datc-s only if circumstances seemed to permit, But it was obvious that all Nazi and government leaders figured on J bilization with men estimated under arms. 1 wcSs 'to'taiw "'There can be no conference simply to ratify Germany's {part irTa party'convention! one high French official said, "but only on a basis of Before this development the absolute parity.11 chances for peace in Europe appeared Usually well-informed Paris diplomatic circles said Hitler (Cnnrintfeii on i-n-e g, column 6> madc '.sucll a clevcr that it was "almost ira- possible not to envisage discussion." Henderson conferred for three hours today with the Cham- berlain and Foreign Minister Lord Halifax and reported to King George. Lord Halifax then conferred with the French and Polish Ambassadors, Charles Corbin and Count Edward Faczynski, presumably to acquaint them with Hitler's offer and to obtiiir. their government's views for submission to the Cabinet meet- ing tomorrow. A highly placed informant in Berlin, who said today that "the danger of a world war is (JcSnitclj- indicated Henderson's mission resulted after Nazi generals urged Hitler to show the same willingness to negotiate that Polish President Moscicki expressed in his reply to President Roosevelt's ap- peal. British Crowd Tries to Lynch Bomb Suspect Liverpool, Aug. 26 bomb explosions, which police blamed on the outlawed Irish Republican Army, occurred here tonight, and angry after-theater crowds attempted to mob a man who was detained by police. The crowds tried to overturn the police van, in which the man. was tafcen away, but were quickly con- trolled by a squad of policemen. Part of the front of a sub-post office was blown out by the first ex- plosion. The second occurred in the shopping center, as hundreds of per- sons were pouring out of theaters. The bomb was seen to fall from the coat of a man and explode. His coat was set afire as he fled. When the crowd saw a militiaman iolze ft caatleis man, there was an angry cry of "lynch the swine." No one was injured in either of the Orders which would have sent German troops on the march r.long the Polish border at this morning were rescinded, this source said, at 3 A. M. (9 P, M. Friday- Despite this apparent "eleventh hour" respite- and tha glimmer of hope raised by the desperate diplomatic .maneuvers, Germany, Italy, France, England and Poland pushed ahead with military preparations. Home dispatches said Premier closely inloimea by HUler of his efforts to avert war by in a "last attempt to save the peace ol Europe." 11 Duce continued cohicrencea army, navy and air chiefs and diplomacy, alw was actively engaged' (Concluded on Page 2, Column 5) ;