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Syracuse Herald-Journal (Newspaper) - April 27, 1976, Syracuse, New York American among 21 new cardinals By PEGGY POLK VATICAN CITY (UPI) Pope Paul VI today created 21 new cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church from every corner of the world, including one American, in a move that would en- large the College of Cardinals to 138. The single U.S. cardinal-elect named was Msgr. William Wakefield Baum, 49, archbishop of Washington. D.C., and a native of Dallas. He will be one of the youngest cardinals in modern history. Another newly named cardinal is a native of New York, but is now an Italian citizen Opilio Rossi, apostolic nuncio in Austria. The Pontiff identified 19 of the new cardinals. The Pope also nominated two more cardinals "in or within his breast, whose names can be withheld until some later date. Vatican spokesman Federico Alessandrini, making the long- expected announcement, said the consistory would be held May 24. It will bring the number of cardinals under the age of 80 and thus eligible to vote for the next Pope to 1189 Only three of the cardinals-elect are over the age of 70. The oldest is Msgr. Boleslaw Filipiak, 74, Polish deacon of the priests making up the Tribunal of the Sacred Roman Rota, and the youngest is Msgr. Jaime L. Sin, 47, archbishop of Manila. Since the last consistory in March 1973, which raised the number of cardinals to 145, death has reduced membership to 117, only 99 of them under 80. With relations between the Roman Catholic Church and the Communist states of Eastern Europe slowly improving, the Pope openly nominated as cardinal Msgr. Laszlo Lekai, re- cently named successor to Cardinal Jozsef Mindzsenty as arch- bishop of Esztergrom in Hungary this time. Like his last selections, the Pope's new choices for cardinal came from throughout the world including four from Africa, four from the Americas, two from Asia, two from Europe and one from Oceania. Associated Press ARCHBISHOP W. BAUM FLURRIES Low tonight in mid 30s Full report, map: page 8 SYRACUSE TEMPERATURES In Fahrenheit (and Celsius) SYRACUSE I a 1 :i 3 -j 4 fi ;i li a 37 37 37 37 :i7 37 I3l 1.11 en i.ll 7 a.m. 8 a.m. 9 a m. 10 a.m. 11 a.m. !2 noon 37 36 36 37 39 39 13) 121 Cli 111 14) H E R ALD JOU RN AL if iM if Associated Press United Press International Chicago Daily News Service if A'eui York Times Service UPITelephoto FINAL NIGHT EDITION if Complete Local Coverage SYRACUSE, N.Y., TUESDAY, APRIL 27, 1976 VOL. 100, NO. Second class postage paid at Syracuse. N Y. Published Daily 15 CENTS Kt Per Week Deli vered Exchange chairman resigns By TERRY KIRKPATRICK NEW YORK (AP) -James J. Needham resigned today as chairman of the New York Stock Exchange following a highly unusual early morning meeting of the exchange's board. No reason was given for the action. JAMES J. NEEDHAM Good times forecast By PETER S. NAGAN Of Our Washington Bureau WASHINGTON Govern- ment officials and economists are increasingly convinced that the United States is enter- ing an extended period of busi- ness growth and relative price stability much like the first half of the 1960s. There are still potential de- velopments that could derail this pleasant prospect. But there are also many parallels between the earlier period and the present. The similarities bring nostalgia for the five years from 1961 to 1965. More than that, the Ford adminis- tration finds in those five years a case for continued moderation in government ef- forts to get the economy mov- ing faster. Until the failure to ade- quately finance the war in Vietnam ended the era, the early '60s were, in economic terms, the happiest years of the postwar period. And they still offer an unmatched record of expanding output with minimal inflation, cer- (Concluded on Page Nine) The board of directors said it suggested that Needham re- main as president, a job that does not now exist, to "work with his designated succes- sor." William M. Batten. The board said Needham declined the offer, choosing "to pursue other business but would remain as a consultant. Special Meeting It apparently was decided sometime last night to hold the special board meeting at a.m. Normally the NYSE board meets in the afternoon and makes any forthcoming announcements after the close of the trading day at 4 p.m. Ncedham's resignation is ef- fective on May 19. He has been chairman of the exchange since 1972, when he left his previous post as a com- missioner of the Securities and Exchange Commission, the in- dustry overseer. Needham, 49, was the first full-time chairman of the exchange. Needham said he had been discussing with the directors for several months his future plans as well as the problems which the exchange has been facing. Future Unclear Needham's resignation comes at a time when the exchange's future is unclear. The SEC has mandated a central market for the securi- ties industry and the exchange has to determine its role in this type of securities trading. The exchange has said that the auction market as it exists on the floor of the exchange must be the cornerstone of the market place of the future. Some have maintained that stock trading could just as eas- ily be conducted outside the exchanges by computer, a sys- tem that has come to be known as the "black box" on Wall Street. Capital Crisis Needham also has been a consistent spokesman regard- ing what he has called the cap- ital crisis. This campaign has called for tax incentives which would make investment by the public in stocks and bonds more attractive. Needham says such tax ben- efits would generate more money for corporations to expand, thus providing more jobs. Needham's career on Wall Street began as a part-time Batten has been a member of the Board of the NYSE since 1972 and is the former chairman and chief executive of J. C. Penney. Terrance Mott, the six-year-old missing all night, is happy to be in his mother's arms, and she, Mrs. Lettice Brown, is happy to have him there. Happy ending Boy found The search for a six-year-old boy missing since 3 p.m. yester- day ended happily, when Crime Control Team officers found him this morning on his way back to school. Police said Terrance Mott, son of Mrs. Lettice Brown of 686 W. Onondaga St., apparently went home with one of his school- mates, who lives in the 200 block of Midland Avenue. Mrs. Brown said she grew concerned yesterday, when an older boy who usually walks Terrance to and from school re- ported that the youngster was nowhere to be found at school. Known to Skip School She said that Terrance is walked to anand from school be- cause he has been known to skip school and not come home after school. Police were not called into search until 8 p.m.. said Mrs. Brown, who started looking for him on her own. "We've had trouble with Terrance before, and I assumed he was in the she said. The missing-child call had some 20 Crime Control Team offi- cers, under the direction of Sgt. Thomas Schafer, scouring neighborhood homes, garages and friends' homes all night. An- other 20 men joined the search force at 6 this morning. Convinced Not to Worry Eddie Brown, the boy's stepfather, said Sgt. Schafer had him convinced not to worry, saying that in most similar cases the child turns up at a friends' home. Sgt. Schafer stayed with the Browns all night, according to Mr. Brown. Terrance this- morning finally was spotted by CCT officers Daniel Erwine and Gary White on Seymour and W. Onondaga streets, on his way back to school. Police this morning questioned the father of the friend with whom Terrance went home, who said he assumed Terrance's parents knew where he was. Unaware of Search The man, whom police did not identify, said he hadn't been aware that a search was going on for the boy because he didn't own a television and hadn't heard reports. Terrance could not say this morning why he hadn't called his parents to let them know where he was. Chill continues When it comes to persis- tence, nothing beats the Cen- tral New York winters. Chilly temperatures and scattered snow flurries are ex- pected to continue tonight and tomorrow. There is a 40 per cent chance of rain mixed with snow tonight; the overnight low temperature should be in the mid-30s, compared to a seasonal normal of 51. Tomorrow should bring mostly cloudy skies with the daytime high near 45, accord- ing to National Weather Ser- vice observers. The extended outlook for the week calls for periods of sunshine on Thursday, with skies clouding up again for the weekend and bringing a good chance of rain on Saturday. Temperatures for the week should range from the mid-30s to the upper 50s. Women's gains limited so far WASHINGTON (AP) There are more women than men in America, and the women live longer. But females have a long way to go before pulling even with males in jobs and education. Such are the findings in one of the most comprehensive reports ever compiled on the status of American women. The report, the first of its kind by the Census Bureau, shows demographic, social and economic trends among women. It shows women comprise 51.3 per cent of the popula- tion of There are 5.6 million more women men. By 1373, aromen could expect to live aver- age of nearly eight years longer than men, compared with 3.5 years longer in 1930. The figures show the number of women in the labor force nearly doubled between 1950 and 1974 to 35.9 mil- lion, while the number of men increased by only one- fourth to 57.3-million. But the income differences between men and women remain substantial the median earn- ings for women were in 1974, compared with for men. The report shows that among people ages 25 to 29, ap- proximately 77 women had completed at least four years of college for every 100 men hi 1975, compared with 66 women for eveiy 100 1950. Senate report FBI identifie 431 Soviet spies By MILES BENSON Of Our Washington Bureau WASHINGTON The FBI "positively identified" at least 431 Soviet intelligence officers who were on permanent as- signment in the United States as recently as last year, the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Activities dis- closed last night. The true number of Soviet intelligence agents in this country is probably much high- er, said the Senate panel headed by Sen. Frank Church, D-Idaho. The extent of the Soviet spy threat and the problems of countering it arc part of the fi- nal report of the Senate com- mittee. Extensive Espionage "The espionage activities of the Soviet Union and other Communist nations directed against the United States are extensive and the committee reported. In some cases, the commit- tee said, efforts by U.S. agen- cies to combat foreign espionage went too far and led to abuses against American citizens which the Senate com- mittee was created to investi- gate in February, 1975. Drawing on testimony by FBI counter-intelligence experts, and from a previously classified CIA report on the same subject, the Church panel reported: More than 40 per cent of the Soviet officials on duty in the United States in February, 1975, had been "pos- itively identified" as members of the KGB or GRU, the two main Soviet civilian and mili- tary intelligence services. Soviet Students Of 400 Soviet students at- tending American universities in the past decade, one out of four was an intelligence offi- cer. And more than 100 Ameri- can students attending schools in the Soviet Union "were the target of Soviet recruitment approaches." "Hostile" foreign intelli- gence agents have attempted to recruit executive branch personnel and congressional staff members. The CIA report, included as an appendix to the Senate committee report, said the main targets of Soviet intelli- gence efforts other than U.S. government officials are members of tlu- business, sci- entific and political communi- ties with access to government information, and other "influ- ential entities" among youths, (Concluded on Page Eight) Top court issues tough drug ruling WASHINGTON (UPI) A divided Supreme Court ruled today that government agents can supply suspected drug dealers with heroin, then ar- rest them when they try to sell it back to undercover police. Three justices said that if he defendant was predisposed toward selling illegal drugs he could not avoid conviction even if law officers partici- pated in a key element of the crime. The court decision coincided with President Ford's call to Congress for a stiff new law calling for imprisonment of dealers in hard drugs and bet- ter cooperation among domes- tic and foreign authorities in cracking down on narcotics traffic. Affirm Conviction Two justices, while voting to affirm the conviction of a St. Louis, Mo., man, said that un- der more extreme circum- stances the conduct of law of- ficers might be so offensive as to bar conviction. Three other justices dis- sented from the court's plural- ity ruling and said "police ac- tivity in this case was beyond permissible limits." The defendant, Charles Hampton, was found guilty of distributing heroin supplied by a government informer. He sold the government-supplied drug to another government He received a five-year suspended sentence. Decision Upheld The trial judge refused to in- struct the jury that if it found Hampton was selling narcotics supplied by the government he must be acquitted. The judge's decision was upheld by the U.S. Court of Appeals. Hampton admitted he was predisposed toward selling illegal drugs, but that police enticement by providing the drugs and then arresting him was so extreme he should be acquitted. Justice William H. Rehn- quist cited a 1973 ruling that the "entrapment" defense is available only if the accused had no predisposition to com- mit the crime charged. If po- lice acted beyond their pow- ers, Rehnquist said, Hampton's only remedy was to file a civil suit and his crimi- nal conviction must stand. Justices Concur Chief Justice Warren E. Burger and Byron R. White concurred with Rehnquist. Justices Lewis F. Powell Jr. and Harry A. Blackmun voted to affirm Hampton's convic- tion, but disagreed with Rehn- quist in saying there could be circumstances in which police involvement in the crime was so great it could be a defense. Justices William J. Brennan Jr., Potter Stewart and Thur- good Marshall dissented. Carter fights to keep lead IN GOOD HANDS. Mrs. Sylvia Brandt, wife of Hanover, West Germany, zoo veterinarian, holds three-month-old brown bear she has raised in her home since the cub was abandoned by its mother. The cub weighed just a mere pound when it became an outcast, but now weighs a healtny 20 pounds. It will be returned to the zooas soon as it is olf} enough. AP laserohoto. T PITTSBURGH (UPI) Jimmy Carter today battled traditional voter apathy and wintry Pennsylvania weather, hoping to bury the presidential dreams of Henry Jackson and Morris Udall in this state's crucial primary. Early reports showed light voter turnouts among Pennsyl- vania's nearly 2.8 million reg- istered Democrats. Tempera- tures ranged from the low 30s with occasional snow flurries in the Pittsburgh area to the mid 40s under cloudy skies in Philadelphia. Carter the Democratic presidential frontrunner and winner of six primaries to date said he needed a big turnout to counter Jackson's endorse- ment by labor and the state's political machine. That sup- port was partly designed to preserve noncandidate Hubert Today's chuckle If nobody the troubles you've seen yon don't live in a small town. b Humphrey's chances in event of a deadlocked convention. Election officials in the in- dustrialized Monongahela River Valley in western Penn- sylvania said a few hours after the polls opened at 7 a.m. that the turnout was the lightest in memory. Today's features Page Amusements ...............24 Bridge Business ....................48 Classified Ads...........51-55 Comics .....................47 Editorials ..............H, 15 Food Section ............29-31 Junior Set ..................26 Letters to Editor ..........14 Lifestyle................13, 19 Obituaries ..............20, 22 Sylvia Porter...............'36 Radio .......................32 Senior Forum ..............27 Sports....................4143 Television ..................32 Wilson 24 I TODAY'S PICTURES
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