Olean Times Herald, December 31, 1945

Olean Times Herald

December 31, 1945

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Issue date: Monday, December 31, 1945

Pages available: 5

Previous edition: Monday, March 12, 1945

Next edition: Monday, April 1, 1946

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Publication name: Olean Times Herald

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All text in the Olean Times Herald December 31, 1945, Page 1.

Olean Times Herald (Newspaper) - December 31, 1945, Olean, New York Weather Forecast an-3 considerably colder weather with SHOW ilurric-s and Tuesday. TIME OLEAN.N.Y. ERALD Edited for Southwestern New York and Northwestern Pennsylvania TOMORROW January NEW YEARS Day Being: a legal holiday co editions of the Times Herald will be published. VOL. LXXXV., No. 307 Entered as owil except Ssioday at the Post Office at Oieaa. New York, under the Act of March 3. 1ST3. MONDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 31, 1945 PKICE THREE CENTS Stark S Adequate' Warnings To Pacific N earl Harbor. He Chiang Is Ready For National Coalition Government In China CHUNGKING Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-Shek nuuaced' in New Year's message to the Chinese people to- day that he was ready for the formation of a national coali-. tion government. Chiang, still studying the'Chinese Communists proposal to cease the civil war, said "the national government was ready "to invite leaders of society and other political parties to take part in the government. Either, councils or in executive branches." A seconda session of unity talks between Nationalist and Commun- ist negotiators was scheduled for tonight., Meanwhile, the Deino- cratie'League sent letters to both -the Nationalists and Communists urging they issue "cease-fire" or- ders on New Year's Day "to give the "people a new JChiang: said .the only condition for a: coalition ticipatingV- should hot- --'-maintain autonomous armies serve as' instruments of war for forcible seizure of power." "It is Chiang said. "that if troops of other than the National .army are allowed to ex- ist it would be tantamount to 'im- perium in imperio' and the coun- try "can never be unified. If "two separate armies, with distinct characteristics and obeying differ- ent orders, are allowed to exist it would be tantamount to creating another government." Chiang stressed peace, unity and democracy for China. "We must go to any lengths to Teaching In Jap Schools Curbed ByMacAithiit TOKYO General :Ma'cArthur Japanese" history; -geography and morals suspended in all education- al institutions in Japan. The order issued. Mac- Arthur said, '-inasmuch as the Japanese government has used ed- ucation to inculcate militaristic and "ultra-nationalist ideologies which have been inextricably in- terwoven into certain textbooks imposed upon Textbooks and teachers': man- uals on those subjects will be col- lected and destroyed and the pulp will be used to make new text- books. written along democratic lines, headquarters announced, The directive was issued when a survey showed the educational preserve international he were interwoven said. "We must use every possible Shinto othe means to. solve internal He mentioned convocation of a national assembly which has been .costponed many times and is now set for May 5. "This momentous and necessary step must never postponed he said. "In order to enable the popular vv-iii 10 De universally expressed, the government is reacfy to increase the number of dele- gates to the assembly so that lead- fnsr D'ersonages. society representa- tives and other political parties may take part in the delibera- tions." He said a coalition government could be formed between, now and convocation of tile assembly to "promote stability of internal con- other prop_ t dtions and machinery." strengthen political Trying To Avert Telephone Strike NEW con- ciliators continued efforts today aganda objectionable to the Al- lied Command. Forty-three of fifty textbooks and manuals studied contained much objectionable matter. Two nad only a limited amount of un- desirable material and five were relatively innocuous, dealing most with factual history. Headquar- ters found it impractical to try to delete all the objectionable matter. War Labor Board Will End Tonight WASHINGTON The War La- bor Board, which has handled thousands of wartime disputes "and wage cases, goes out of existence at midnight tonight. It will be replaced by the La- bor department's Wage Stabiliza- tion Board, which will rule only on wage raises where price' relief is sought. More than 1.200 WLB employes j go off the government payroll to- night. The remaining. 800 will work lor the WSB. More Troops Ready For Discharge additional army men and women be- came eligible for discharge to- day, and the United Press learn- ed that nearly one-half of -al! combat divisions have been in- activated. The .critical point score need- ed by enlisted men for separation dropped to fifty while male of- ficers NOT in the medical ser- vices now need a total of seventy. These point changes were an- nounced previouly by the war de- partment. Length of service requirements for discharge w'ere reduced to these totals: Enlisted men forty- two months, male officers forty- eight months, enlisted WACS thirty months and WAC officers thirty-nine months. Medical and dental'corps officers are now eli- gible for discharge at the age: of forty-eight while WACS. maiTied -to dischargeo.: veterans' ;may-- separated on Of the eighty-nine divisions com- mitted to combat during the war, a total of forty-five already have been inactivated while nine other divisions are scheduled to join them by the end of March. Still another six divisions scheduled to come home from Europe and ex- peeted to be inactivated are the Eightieth; Eighty-fourth. Eighty- ninth. Ninetieth. Ninety-fifth and 100th infantry groups. Based on present plans, eleven U. S. divisions will be utilized as European'occupation troops, thir- teen Pacific and five at home as a strategic reserve. This woidd leave an army of twenty- nine divisions after the first Quar- ter of 1946. Divisions remaining in Europe, according to this calculation, would include the First. Third, Ninth. Forty-second. Seventy-first. Seventy-eighth. Eighty i r d. Eighty-eighth and 102nd. Infan- try divisions and the First and Fourth armored divisions. Army forces in the Pacific would include the Sixth. Seventh, Twenty-fourth, Twenty-fifth. Sev- enty-seventh. Eighty-first, Eighty- sixth. Ninety-third. Ninety-sixth. Ninety-seventh and Ninety-eighth infa'ntry divisions, the Eleventh Oregon Is Swept By Worst Flood PORTLAND, ORE. Oregon's most disastrous flood in fifty years today besieged the. state's two principal cities, Portland and Salem, after claiming two lives and. causing property daraage of millions of dollars. The flood's crest swept, into" Salem, Oregon's capital, inundat- ing outlying thousands of acres of rich bottom-land and hop fields and washing out processing plants. Plane Into River; One Woman Killed NEW Salvage work was begun today on the Eastern Airlines Transport plane which, crashed in a fog .into the East River off. LaGuardia Field, killing a woman, passenger.. None 'of the other- thirteen 'pe-r- -spns aboard theiplanei seriousljv but all-.were .'treated for: shock, submersion and minor lac- erations. The" crash occurred at o'clock last night'when the Miami- New York transport overshot the runway while trying to land and' dumped its eleven -passengers and1 three crew members into the cold waters :of the river. The lone victim of the crash was Scully, forty-nine, New Yorkl She was alive when, pulled from the river, but died an hour later, in the Overseas Airline De- pot in the presence of Mayor F-- H, LaGuardia and police officials. Her husband was at the airfield to meet "her and witnessed tlie crash. The plane, a Douglas DC-3 trans- port, left Miami at A. M. and had made several stops before arriving at New JYork. The fact that only one life was lost in the crash was attributed to the quick. action of Ralph Byrnes, a control tower operator, who sounded the alarm when he saw that the plane was going to overshoot the runway. to avoid a threatened nationwide telephone strike by making an- other attempt to settle a dis- pute between the Western Elec- JLJCiegaieb trie comnanv and 19.000 of its "NEW YORK American Travel Near Normal ALBANY New York Central railroad officials here today re- ported 'Very near normal" holi- day travel thus far. Most trains, although running one or two hours Airborne division and the First I behind will not.be over- Cavalry division. crowded. MacArthur Will Try To Make Jap Program 'Work' Douglas Mac- Arthur will try to make the Big Three control plan for Japan v.-ork. eves though ie dislikes it and refuses all responsibility for Its adoption. The supreme commander made those points clear in a statement released yesterday. A. spokesman for his headquarters reinforced it by stating that Mac Arthur, had no communication whatsoever with the Moscow conference while Japan was under discussion. MacArthur's statement said: "A statement attributed to a far eastern commission officer that I 'did not object-.ta the new Japan control plan before it was ap- proved at_MpscQW'_ is., "On Oct. final- disagree- ment was contained in my radio to. the chief of staff for the sec- retary of state, adxasing that the terms .'in, my opinion are not ac- Since '-that -time" my views'; been.vsought. Hits. Mine Arid Sihlis, Loss Of Life Is'Moderate' .PEARL, IT. S. Navy, announced today that the heavy minesweeper U.S.S. Mini- vet sank with a "moderate loss of life" off the coast of. Kyushu, Japan, Saturday, after striking a mine. The Minivet had been supervis- ing mine-sweeping' operations by Japanese vessels, cleaning up Jap- anese and .American minefields. Her normal crew was -nine officers and eighty-two, enlisted1 men. and sea rescue operations began immediately. Reveals Roosevelt Planned To Seke Azores Six Months Before Japs Attacked HawaiiK Harold R. Stark insisted today he sent to Pacific commanders before Pearl Harbor to alert tliemagainst a Japanese attack! Stark said he. had felt that the United States was .'already at Avar in the Atlantic, and that President Roosevelt ordered a task force assembled to seize the Azores six months before Pearl Harbor. The order later was cancelled. The former Chief investigating committee of Naval Operations defended himself before Harbor. :e against Navy Board charges of .-faults of omission" -in .connection America's DeweyHas For Greyhound Strike Will End Thursday strike of 4.- 000 transportation workers, which has tied up Greyhound Bus ser- vice in eighteen states since No- vember 1. will end Thursday. Howard T. Colvin, federal con- ciliator who has been in charge of a two-day meeting of company and union representatives, said the workers had agreed to halt the walkout at five A. M. Thursday, pending an investigation of the dispute by a fact-finding board. Hope Abandoned For Miners Trapped In Kentucky Shaft As Fire Drives Rescuers Out PINEVILLE, raged unchecked through the Kentucky Straight Creek Coal WASHINGTON America had the- FTTJyrnes' that 'national aims. ahd: weri protected- at '-Moscow'-, while a was be- ing reached among the members of the Big Three. r In a half-hour radio report to the nation last: night, Byrnes -said the agreements -reached the foreign ministers of -Russia, Brit- ain and the United States, in Mos- cow this week "should bring hope to the war-weary people of many Byrnes explained point by point, the various portions of the com- munique issued last Thursday fol- lowing the conclusion. of the con- ference. He'sought to allay criticism by declaring: The new control set-up for Japan will not in any way Im-r pair the "criietmt administra- tion" of General Douglas Mac- Arthur. No atomic secrets will be before worla safe- guards are established. The agreement on European peace treaties meets U. S. in- sistence that all nations partic- ipating in the war have a say in the writing oJC the peace. Allied aims in Korea are to hasten the day of that slaved nation's independence and that the trusteeship pro- posed in the Moscow commu- nique may not be needed. No secret agreements were made at Moscow. Bvrnes said he proposed the Moscow meeting "aware of th risk of another impasse such as occurred at London" due to lack of advance assurance the Big inorease. Jacob R. Mandeibaurn. federal was to meet today with 'officials of the Western Electric plant in Keamy. N. J.. to see whether they would in- crease a fifteen per cer.t wage boost offer which the employees previously rejected. The 14.000 workers m various Western Electric plants are mem- bers of the Western Electric Ein- Association. rr.e backing of the National Fed- eration of" Telephone Workers. Three .would reach ment. final agree- Blaze At Lake Placid LAKE PLACID, N. T. Or.e man was burned to death anc twenty others forced to flee in scanty attire when fire swept the mine today, halting all rescue work, and officials were reported ready to abandon the search Nprthwwds ini% jme for the eighteen victims still trapped in the shaft. All hope of finding any of the victims alive was abandoned after a very heavy concen- j _ Lake Placid's winter-summer re- 1 sort hotels on Mirror Lake. Harbor haired fronv holding -_? ;JBBcU; quire superior call upon. .-to appVoYeYaVroafl program designed :o status j-giving.them state taxeijin a guarantee agafliiit it was learn- ed reliably The unprecedented program, drafted .-.by special commission: headed by State Comptroller. Frank C. Moore, will completely .reorgan- ize the. century-old system j-ibuting state taxes ambng.local- ities. the-present method as "outdated Dobbin." Highlights of the plan, which will be submitted to the legislature soon :af ter it convenes next, week, State collected taxes, aggregat- ing millions.of dollars, will be dis- tributed on the basis of population to cities, villages and towns. The percentage will favor cities. The state will assume, eighty per cent of the cost of all home relief, instead of the present forty per cent. That will mean that relief costs will be a minor problem for municipalities in the future. Creation, of a huge reserve fund to guard against depression years when revenue from. taxes fall be- low amounts needed for essential services. Both the state and lo- calities can draw from the func without interest. The plan to distribute state col- lietters: and 0 i ?acific: commanders jiprlor .4--V cember 7, -1941, were keep; on- XHTtant.'military: and; -r; we-' mew. thenu" lected taxes on a per capita. will benefit such cities'" as New- York. Buffalo, Rochester. Syracuse Binghamton, Albany and Water- town, it' was said-. Some of the smaller villages, or war-boom towns. wil> b? h'.'.rt financially but will benefit eventually, according to the commission. Creation of the reserve or stab- ilizing fund was described by sources close to Dewey as a "nev. conception" in government.' The fund would be set up with a maxi mum fixed by the legislature. Dur ing good years, the fund would be kept at the maximum. Monej withdrawn during bad years woulc be replaced when conditions per mit. ed with the morning; tide. Organization were bound for tae London meeting today aboard the tration of deadly gas was discovered in the vicinity of "Six -where the majority of the'Jr ay -HIKC r reulCieu liner Queen Elizabeth which sail- j working when the blast occurred. A large coal fire also was raging in the vicinity BUFFALO, N. Y. _ Higher o wages for steel workers in the new year were predicted today by Joseph P. Molony. district direc- tor of the United Steelworkers. I cio. New Zealand First Nation To Offer To Put A Mandate Under Trusteeship Of UNO LONDON New Zealand be- j that the UNO charter placed mor- i of the main explosion. Harry R. Thomas, chief state; mine inspector, will inake the j final decision on whether or to discontinue the search after an I air analysis has been made today. i Jiascue operations have been at i