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Olean Times Herald (Newspaper) - February 25, 1941, Olean, New York 1 'j. WEATHER FORECAST Snow flurries and colder tonight. Snow and colder Sun Sun rises TIME CLEAN; NX Edited for Southwestern New York and Northwestern Pennsylvania TRAFFIC RECORD Since Jin. 1, 1911 CITV Accidents ..16 Frcvinui to 3 p.m. Total ToUl 3 IS Injured ....19 VICINITY Accidents ..31 Dead........ 9 Injured ....43 31 10 43 VOL. LXXXI, No. 47 Daily Entered as Second Ckass Matter. PostoHice. Clean. N. TUESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 25, 1941 PRICE THREE CENTS Of Brest, German U-Boat Base s Answer To Threats Of Hitler Defense Orders Will Be Given Preference Ventilation by Goering. Prayers are said in." this English church, even though German have blasted out the walls. Passage Of Aid Bill Hoped By Saturday tty WILLIAM H. LAAVKKNCK United Press Staff Corrofipnndent Dem- ocratic leaders, after a lengthy conference with President Roosevelt, said today they still were driv- ing for Senate passage of the British Aid' bill by Sat- urday despite opposition threats to filibuster against any speed-up in Senate pro- cedure. Chairmaji Walter F. George, D., Ga., .of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and pilot of the bill in the Senate. Senate Democratic Leader Alben YV. Barkley of Kentucky, Vice Pres- ident Henry A. Wallace. Speaker Sam Rayburn and House Demo- cratic Leader John W. Germans Boost Victory Claims was asserted of- ficially today that German sink- ings of "enemy" shipping in the two preceding days totalled 000 tons instead' of the tons announced by Adolf Hitler yesterday. It was said that new reports had increased the total. The Official News Agency said it had learned belatedly that the "German Mediterranean air force'" attacked a convoy off the North African Coast Sunday. It sank a ton transport and made a direct hit on a 15.000 ton transport which burst into flames and remained stationary, the agency added. B.v .MACK JOUXSOX United 1'rass Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON De- fense officials predicted To- day that the government soon would invoke manda- tory priorities to divert the output of eight or more in- dustries into national de- fense. The office of production man- agement told aluminum and ma- shine tool producers that they must give preference in-the fu- ture to defense orders; that all their pending orders must be submitted to the OPM once a 'month for priority rating. NOT THE LAST OPM officials said this invoca- tion of mandatory priorities would "not be the last.'' Other products in which similar prefer- ence is needed to meet "acute shortages." they said, include magnesium, neoprene (a synthe- tic zinc, structural steel shapes, stainless and nickel steels, nickel and tungsten. All of these, except nickel and tung- sten, now are under some form of voluntary priority restrictions. Edawrd R. Stettinius, OPM direc- tor of priorities, announced gov- ernment-control of aluminum and machine tool output late yester- day. He promised that steps would be taken to prevent any drastic dislocation of civilian life, but conceded that under such a mandatory system "somebody must ge hurt." Defense officials have tried voluntary allocation of defense materials without marked suc- cess. That led to the decision to invoke the first industry-wide control of industrial output. MAY WAIT LONGER To the man in the street, the order may mean that he'll have to wait longer for delivery of a new automobile. The housewife may not be able to buy as many aluminum pots and pans as she wants and may have to pay more for Uio.sc available because of the limited supply. To producers of aluminum and machine tools, it means that the government, once a month, will look over their orders and say which are to be filled first and. maybe, -which are not to be filled at all. Stettinius acted under the naval speed-up law of last June which gave President Roosevelt authority to invoke, mandatory priorities. He delegated the power to the OPM. Stettinius snid no mechanism" has yet been set up to enforce mandatory priorities, but one legal expert said violations prob- ably would be taken to the Feder- al courts for enforcement through injunction proceedings. Ministry Warns Of Punishment LONDON The Ministry of Food ruled today that, effective March 10, any person eating two eggs or fish and meat at the same meal would be liable to a maximum of two years impris- onment and a fine of mack of Massachusetts confer- red for approximately ninety minutes with Mr. Roosevelt. "We hope to get through by Barkley said, "but of course we can't be sure of it. "I haven't seen any evidence of filibuster." Open threats by opposition Senators to filibuster have been directed thus far against sugges- tions by Barkley to hold longer Senate sessions to speed up ac- tion. rather than against the hill itself. Barkley said he hoped the Sen- ate could begin considering amendments on Thursday. might, be one amend- ment offered as a test." Barkley said, indicating that if the Ad- ministration could show its strength in suclr a might .be less controversy ovef other amendments. The "test" amendment, to which he referred probably will be that by Sen. Allen La., which .would provide that nothing in the bill could be con- stnicd as authorising1 the Presi- dent to troops 'abroad; ,i, v A WorkersAskArbitration By President At Buffalo Steel Work- ers' Organizing Committee an- nounced today that it had invited arbitration by President Roose- velt or a represcntatix-e to vent a strike at the Bethlehem Steel Company's Lackawanna plant which "might easily involve approximately workers in other Bethlehem" plants." Union officials revealed that Philip Murray, president of the SWOC and the Committee for In- dustrial Organization, had sent a telegram to. the President urging him to use the forces of his office to end the dispute. Murray was reported to have told Mr. Roose- velt that the SWOC was "more than willing" to arbitrate griev- ances through his office. labor dispute reached a crisis at an emergency meeting: of SWOC chief tains. Attending the; conference were: Van AJ Bit- ter, National Director to organ- ize workers in Bethlehem plants; Lee Pressman, CIO counsel Lome H. Nellc. International represent- ative and head of the Lackawan- na office, and Nathan E. Cowan, srubregional director. Emphasizing that prompt action is expected, the union of- ficials threatened a strike in- volving thousands of employes at the Lnckawanna plant unless t.he concern grants two salient de- mands. The demands were listed as: 1 ---Suspended employes .must be rehired immediately with fall seniority. company must consent to an immediate election, under the supervision of the National Labor Relations Board, to de- tcrminV whether the SWOC shall be sr. collective bargaining agent tor Bethlehem workers in tho Buffalo area; Moves In War Today An umlerntaudiiblc explanation ot operations at tin- fnmt mean and what they portenil. by t military critic. tty J. AV. T. 31ASON 1'nitetl Press Wnr K.vpert Uncertainties in Hitler's mind regarding a new air blitzkrieg or an attempted invasion of Britain are sug- gested by his speech yester- day, telling the German peo- ple what to expect during the coming months. The Fuehrer's emphasis fell on submarine activities and on the superiority of Germany's eco- nomic system based on repudia- tion of "gold, as his present means of winning the war. If a repetition of last sum- mer's air offensive and an at- tempt to land an army in Brit- ain were Germany's next offen- sive steps, the' Fuehrer would have followed his previous pro- phetic methods in intimating what was coming, as long as he was sure of the results. Last year's unfortunate date fixing for his arrival in London, how- ever, hadsome-repressive--results on Hitler's methods of advance announcements. STAFF TTXCIOKTAIN It seems safe to nssume at least that the German General Staff is uncertain about the ad- vantages of challenging- the Brit- ish in the air again on any scale commcnsulate with the efforts of last August and September. If Germany has abandoned hope of air mastery over Britain, then an invasion likewise must have been written off, unless the Brit- ish relax their vigilance. Last year, the Fuehrer's hope of victory was based on the svi- periorily of his air arm which was to destroy the British avia- tion defense and so open the way to an invasion attempt. This year, it would appear from Hit- ler's address, his reliance rests on an intensified submarine of- fensive, designed to prevent American supplies reaching Brit- ain and forcing the British to capitulate through starvation. ANOTHER STOUV The Fuehrer tells the German people about great numbers of new submarines with newly trained crews, waiting to start their depredations next month. But, there must he many Ger- mans who remember In si year's assurances from the same source of the Fatherland's vast super- iority in the air that was to bring victory, just as now it is superiority at sea. The German people now know where to watch for Hitler's next great move to bring Britain to her knees. However, if the sub- marine offensive fails as the air offensive failed, German memory will have yesterday's promise in mind. Emotionalism has its uses in oratory but only realism produces results in war. To what extent Hitler is realistic in hit present faith in submarines is highly problematical. Numbers of sink- ings count not wishful thinking. CLAIM FANTASTIC The Fuehrer told the German people yesterday he had just been informed that tons of enemy ships had been sunk in two days. The British declare the claim to be fantastic and the question arises whether Hitler is being given false figures by the German admiralty or whether he intentionally is deceiving the German people. Today it is announced in Lon- don that total British and allied sinkings for the week ended Feb- ruary 16th were 37.636 tons, little more than one-half the average for the war. This is the week in which the Germans claimed to have sunk nearly tons of British ships in a single convoy attack, apart from Individual sinkings. There is no reason to doubt the approximate accuracy of the British figures. Great Britain wants American assistance in re- placing ship losses and it would be poor policy to conceal the actual sinkings when pnrt of the stiinulous for speeding: up Ameri- can shipbuilding la to let the actual facts became known In the United Stales. To understate losses, might Interfere with In- tensified shipbuilding action. Sea War Begins Now. In a Munich beer hall, Adolf Hitler marked the twenty-first anniversary of the National Socialist Party by telling: cheer- ing old party comrades "Our battles at sea can begin in reality now." He predicted a tremendous joint Italo-German submarine campaign next month, featuring1 a "new type'' of U-boat. Here is one of Hitler's latest photos, showing Jiim in army xmifonn. It arrived in New York by plane as the Fuehrer was making his speech. Nazi Cruiser Is Bombed By Royal Airmen Gunner Faces AirportBombed Murder Count AtAddisAbaba LONDON, ONT. Gunner .1. B. McGuffin, twenty-three, of the 12th Battery, Royal Canad- ian Artillery, Petawawa, Qnt., was booked on a charge of mur- der today by police following the fatfil shooting of two men in a beverage room. Eye-wiUiosscs toUT officers the soldier fired five bullets from a .32 calibre revolver into George Stonehouse, twenty-nine and Charles Kennedy, forty-nine- year-old widower find unemploy- ed chauffeur. Both mo.n died within a few minutes. Eleven Men Die In Truck Crash further check- up revealed today that eleven men lost their lives yesterday when a truck, which was cany- ing them across the: frozen St. Lawrence river at Longueuil, plunged through a large hole in the ice and disappeared. At first it. was thought there were only fifteen men on the truck, but it was learned Inter that sixteen men were aboard, five of whom were saved. South Africans Capture Brava NAIROBI, KENYA South African troops adx-ancing with surprising speed along the coast of Italian Somaliland. have cap- tured the Port of Brava, only 100 miles below Mogadiscio, the cnp- itnl. it was announced today. Ethiopian irregulars have cap- tured the town of Itfoyalc. lying on the Kenya-Ethiopian frontier, it was asserted, and South Afri- can troops have now taken over the Ifoyalc area. CAIRO Considerable dam- age was done to wirdromo build- ings in a British bombardment of Addfo Ababa yesterday, tlu- Royal Air Force Middle East headquarters said today. A com- munique yaid that the South Af- rican air force attacked fuel dumps at Nefasit, cji.st of As- mara, capita) of Eritrea, and bombed a rond north of tho town. The RAF said that its planes, supporting tho Greek army in Albania, heavily bombed Italian military buildings mid motor transport in the neighborhood of Tepelini. British pianos also wore said to have attacked troops and transport nt Dlknj. Albania, in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire. Bitter Fighting At Juba River ROME -British troops have succeeded in crossing the Juba River, in Italian Somaliland, after days of bitter fighting, the high command communique ad- milted today. British planes caused some cas- ualties in wounded and small damage In a mid on Tripoli, cap- ital of Libyn, the communique snid. and "British Empire troops continue their pressure on the. Gfcvrabub oasis. There was normal activity on the Albanian front, the com- munique said. Ky HAltltlSOX SALISBURY 1'nitcd Staff ('orrnspondent Great Britain answered Adolf Hitler's threat of un- precedented sea warfare to- day by smashing for hours at the big Nazi submarine base at Brest: on the Atlan- tic Coast of France, The RAF attacked Brest dur- ing the night and carried out what was indicated to be one of the heaviest raids of Uic war. A cruiser of the Admiral Hip- per class was spotted in the har- bor and was believed hit by Uic British bombardment. It was a warship be- lieved to be of the Hipper cluss which was credited with the Ger- man attack on a British convey off Portugal Feb. 12. ALKKADV INTENSIFIED The British answered Nazi claims which would indicate that sea wur already has been inten- sified with figures of losses far smaller than those claimed by 'the Reich High Command. Issuing I IB first report on the Portugal attack in which the Germans claimed a toll of four- teen ships totalling tons, the British Admiralty listed the highest possible loss In the at- tack at less than half the Nazi claim. London admitted t.he loss of five ships totalling tons and said that four more of 19.- 698 tons hrui not yet reported in but were not yet overdue. This totals only 44.8S4 tons, even if mmo of the four ships still un- reportod turn up. HAH'' OF In fact, the Admiralty placed totnl British losses for the week of Feb. 36 which included the Portugal attack at only :i7.Goij' tons, just about half the average British weekly Josses clncn start of the war. London scoffed at German claims of new heavy tonnage de- struction made by Hitler in his speech yesterday and amplified by the German High Command in today's communique. Hitler" placed the sinkings of the In-st two days at 215.00 in hi.s speech. A more exact figure of tons was given by the official DNB News wjis boosted today to 2t53.000 by the Nazi High Command. CLAIMS OVKK1.AI' There seemed to be .some over- lap in the. German claims but it was broken down partially a? fol- 125.000 tons, including .in auxiliary cruiser sunk in one mass .stibmjirinc attack on a con- voy; tons including a tanker mink by. other U-boats; sunk by "overseas" navnl forces; an additional 20.000 tons by a Nazi warship raising the Wifrship.s total bag to The also reported, without indicating: clearly wheth- er the tonnage wns included KI their total tabulation, that Nazi plane? wink a -t.OOO-ton ?hip ami badly damaged a lu.OOO-ton ship in the Mediterranean Sunday ar.d damaged n 2.000-ton sbip off tile British coast yesterday. Navy Scout Bombers Are Missing From San Diego Supreme Soviet In Convention Supreme So-, vlet, highest Russian legislative body, convened today, in the for- mer Czarist throne room, the Kremlin's St, Andrew's Hall, and after an organization.session ad-j Journcfl until: tonight. The meeting was the first In nearly a year) Tonight it will moet in Joint the council' on SAN DIEGO, Navy announced today that two scout bombers, with a pilot and radio man abroad each, have been missing for "several hours." Reports ot "an explosion" at sea reached the sheriffs office shortly before the navy's an- nouncement. A.' destroyer and a coast-guard cutter were dis- patched to search off Carlsbad, north of San Diego. The sheriffs office. said uni- dentified persons also has seen flares dropping into the ocean between Carlsbad and Encinitas. Officers at Nortli Island Nav- the crew mem- bers could not be immediately identified. It was believed the planes had been engaged in bombing prac- tice. Carlsbad Is thirty miles up coast from the air station on North island and maneuvers arc frequently held there. Oceanside police said two youth reported having seen .1 plane power dive into the surf. They snid they had "seen flares on 'the a-nd soon other planes came over, dropping flares. Navy officials declined to comment. Shore lights were set up to aid the scorching destroyer and Coast Gnard boat, but they were hampered by a drizzling' rain. Ky 11RYDOX TAVES I'nitpil Tress Staff Correspondent Royal Air Force answered Adolf Hit- ler's submarine threats to- day with a crushing attack upon the Nazi U-boat base of Brest where a 10.000-tori Admiral Hipper crusier was believed hit, and followed this with daylight bomb sweeps of the French invas- ion coast. The Hipper-class cruiser was believed to be the Nazi raider which fell upon a British convoy off the Portugese coast Feb. 12 and is known to have sunk five merchant ships totalling- tons and possibly an additional four of The heavy bomb loads dumped during an hour long attack on Brest were believed to have hit and possibly damaged the cruiser which was spotted lying at one of the Best docka. With daylight great forces of RAF bombers protected by es- corts.of fighter planes roared off to the French coast and, the-echo- of bomb explosions heard on the British coast indicated that-a heavy assault was delivered. Racing across or diving upon their target in the face of fur- ious anti-aircraft gun firc> British planes straddled their target in all directions with many sticks of their heaviest bombs. According to Uie Air Minis- try all planes returned safe. "its communique indicated strong belief that the Admiral Hipper, sister ship of the Bhiecher which Norwegian shore batteries sank at the outset of the German invasion of Norway, must have been hit by the bombs. I'OWEUFCL BOMBS The attack on Brest started nt eight o'clock last night and continued for hours, the Air Ministry saW. "A very heavy load of the most powerful bombs used for targets of this kind was drop- ped" docks where a Hipper class cruiser was berthed." it added. The communique pointed out that Brest, the most, westerly French port.-was the outpost for Gorman attacks on Atlantic trade routes. Royal Air Force planes took off only a few hours after Hitler had maofe his speech to raid Brest for the forty-first time since tho Germans established themselves there and the fourth time in a? many nights. Aviation quarters reported that the raid was one of the heaviest and most concentrated of the wnr. TIP OF PENINSULA Brest, nt the southern end of the invasion coast, is at the tip of France's Brittany Peninsula which juts out into the sea 140 miles south of Plymouth to .sep- nrate the English Channel arid the Bay of Biscay. Germany is reported to be making increasing use of it ,as a base and concentration point for submarines which are to operate in the spring campaign. Well informed quarters as- serted that Britain had been preparing for months for Ger- jnan submarine warfare on an unprecedented scale and was ready for it. Newspapers (fending: Adolf Hitler's speech yesterday as "beer cellar b'.uster." expressed confidence in the ability of the Royal Navy, backed by the Royal Air Force, to raeot and beat Use submarine attack the Fuehrer SKCKET DETKCTOK Behind this confidence lay thf belief that new secret de- tector apparatus would streogtto- en the Navy In combating U- boats. New ships of. the compact efficient Corvette type joining the fleet constantly and so are other types. Some of the arriving American are being used as ocean patrols, to watch for submarines 'German planes, The hope that the .States would! send more destroy- ers was expressed by the news- paper, tho News
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