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Olean Times Herald (Newspaper) - December 13, 1939, Olean, New York THE WEATHER Light mow xnd colder tonight. Thursday cloudy and colder with flurrlea. Sun Seta Sun Rlaes TIME ERALD Edited for Stuflmcstera New York ind Northwestern Pennsylvmia GOOD AFTERHOON Mussolini k portrayed M Thinker" in an interesting by Mwwner on the Editorial VOL. LXXIX., No. 293 Pally Entered as Second Claw Matter, Foitofflcc, Clean. N. T. WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 13, 1939 ?ally ttciilatlon La't Week PRICE THREE CENTS Fight for Lift Science rallied all its resources to fight for the life of the infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. Rickard of Jforth Scituate, Mass. Born three months prematurely and weighing- only thirty-three ounces, doctors gave her a'50-50 chance to live. She to pictured in her tent in Providence, R. I., hospital, where she gets oxygen through the tube ar4 fed alternate "meals" of brandy and goat's milk every three hours. Miners Called To Give Testimony In Labor Investigation Asked To Describe Strife In Industry And Deal- ings With Relations Board. By M1ULIAM 11. l.AMKKXCK WASHINGTON The House Committee investiga- ting the National Labor Re- lations Board called fifteen members of the Progressive }Iine Workers of America (AFL) loday to describe strife in the coal industry and the union's relations the Labor Board. Joe Ozamc. Springfield. Ill president of the union, a rebel off-shoot of John L. Lcw.s' United Mine Workers of Amer- ica. heads the witnesses. He repeatedly has charged the Board with "bias" in favor of union. "We'll have plenty to say against the Board.." Ozamc said before testifying. He revealed that plans had been matie for one member of his group to before the committee clothed in work clothes, miner's cap and light, ar.d with tools. The committees decision tu shift its inquiry from membci-s of the Board was made iate yes- terday after it concluded ques- tioning Board member Dr. Wil- liam M. Lciserson, who. during two days before the committee. Jhc Board and the Wagr.cr Acl in general but ihs- oJosod disagreement a m o n j; Board members" cm policies and his own repeated bat unsuccess- ful efforts to remove Board Sec- retary Nathan Wall. The committee cave no indica- tion when it would call the other Board members Chairman J. Warren Madden and Edwin S. Smith. It refused Counsel Charle.5; Fahy's request that the other members be allow ed to fol- Ivciscrfion and rebut his fnUcwans Eugene Shittlcl, Ward. W Va whose was a "cans orlebrc" in The soft coal slnkc last .spring was among the pro- gressive mine union members here to testify. He was dis- charged hy the Kelly's Creek OUJjcnes Company wtaJc a mem- ber of both the and the PMXVA. Pope Cancels Audiences On Advice Of Physician VATICAN war and spread of Communism into Eu- rope have been such a shock to Pope Pius that he is canceling all general and most private audi- ences until Christmas on the ad- vice of his pnysician. Dr Riccar- do Galeazzi List it was reported today. It was believed that His Holi- ness would have sufficiently re- covered by Christmas time to re- sume all audiences, including the traditional Christmas Eve recep- tion to members of the Sacred College of Cardinals. The Pontiffs severe penance, including fasting, as atonement for the world's ills, was believed to have aggravated his condition Japan Expects Early Treaty With America TOKYO The Foreign Office i'aki Chiro Sunia. said today tial Japan hopeu to settle all dufcrcnces with the United States before the com- mercial treaty between the two countries exn.res Jon 26, but th.it Japan would not idly await the next American move "like an ignorant boy waiting in a gar- ccn for can.1y." He said a non treaty period would have disadvantages for America as well as Japan, and thai a "non-treaty period docs not a non trade period.' He admitted that trade with Rus- sia could not replace trade with America. Teachers Agree To Decrease In Salary SCHENECTADY Public school teachers agreed today to "voluntary refund" of four per cent of their salaries to iree: :he deficit created by the Ke- piifclican education cat from the slate budget. The cut will be effective on January 3. 1P40, Three classes of workers in Ihe school svstttn are earning .SOO or less: secretaries, jani- tors receiving Sl.OCK) or and teachers, who under the new Hilary jachedule" are dcpmfil of -noTnrents because of Uic re- duction in state aid. Parents Arc Fined For Leaving Children Out fined 44 par- ents in the town of Eislcbrn io- dav because their children were on the Mi eels dunng blackout Centenarian Expects To Live To Be 150 COLUMBIA VILLE N Y Charles H, Benedict nho js be- lieved to be the oldest resident in New York was born sn today's jitlei- tnsgs keep going c.vprc" Jo live Jo a ripe old age Benedict celebrated 105th anniversary yesterday. His .iaughtcr solved the candle prob- lem by two His birtMay speech was "I never felt bettT in my life, ind don't be sijrr.nsetl if I live to be 150" Benedict said Ihr mfdfm con- League Of Nations Expected To Approve Soviet Expulsion Bitter Battle Fought Finns Report More Than Russians Killed In Fighting Near Gulf. B> XOKMAX B. DECEL United Staff Correspondent HELSINKI. FINLAND land, fighting for its'national life against gigantic Russia, claimed important victory today on the "mid-Finland front where two gicat Red armies are repoitcd driving for UJP Gulf of Bothnia to cut the country in two. It was asserted that the Finns killed more than Russians in a battle on the Tolvajaervi sector about 140 miles east northeast of the top of the gulf. Machine gun, rapid firing rifles, machine pistols and other materials were captured, and Russian tanxs destroyed, in an engagement which resulted in the annihilation of three Red army battalions, it was claimed. Admitting the enormity of the task which confronts them in combating the Soviet TOO..OOO people against ISO 000.- said that they had forced at least a temporary stile- mate on the Karelian Isthmus in the south and were prepared to fight to the end on the SOO mile front to the north. It was admitted that the Rus- sians by sheer mass pressure might force their way across to the Gulf of Bothnia. Even then, Finns said, they could fight on. They held that Russia's com- munications lines would be so long that it would be impossible for them to endure the bitter northern winter. All the time, they said. Finnish soldiers fight- ing as guerrillas would be raiding their lines, attacking outposts and supply trains. The Russians, they asserted, would starve to death or be cut to pieces, Governor Proclaims Sunday Finland Day ALBANY Governor Lehman, urging prayers for Finnish non- combatants, formally proclaimed Sunday as "Finland Day" today, and called upon New York's 13.- 000.000 residents to contribute to the relief drives for the stricken nation. Replying to Herbert Hoover's appeal on behalf of the Finnish relief fund. Lehman urged "gen- contributions be nia-le through local newspapers, coop- crating with the former pre-n- rient- He also asked mayors to- issme similar proclamations an J cooperate in the relief work. Lehman the world "ueepiy shocked at the brutal an i inexcusable armed invasion o: Finland Douclas Fairbanks Rites To Be Quiet SANTA MONICA. CAL Douglas Fairbanks. Sr, wjU no curtain-cill ;n tieath for Uic world that thrilled to his dash- mc career on and off the screen His sudden death early yester- day placed his beautiful widow. the former Lady Sylvia Ashley. wr.Jer tne oarc of a physician she recovers iunera3 ar- rangements will remain tentative. However, his business nxis- agtr. OarT.oe indicat- ed that, unlike the services for Will Racers Jean Hax3ow and other film notables whose rncnirn- puMir c-i'hcred by the thou- sands. wnce.? will bo q-.uei and Envoy To Belgium Sees And Bitter War WASHINGTON Una ted Stale? Ambassador to Belgium. Joseph K Dalies trOd of State Ordell Hull todav that in his opinion "nothinc short if s miracle fan .ad been l.oTis for A rexisod trade agreement SSCCITIC Hull he went to the White lo give the PresidenJ s report cm He said that BclgsiTm pre- it? neutrality "with cioal- cst At tnr OT.e biiiU np "a -f Between Soviet "Big Shots" Salute Big Guns Resolution To Y_ _ lii .i4.n 4-It si i-mmr-i Qnxriol" laoriOI'C CQ1 titor! RllCClQTl In a ceremonial prelude to the Russian invasion of Finland, Soviet leaders saluted Russian military might when the Red army paraded in [Moscow to celebrate 20th ersary of the Bolshevist revolution. Left to right, are Josef Stalin; Vice Commissar of Defense Marshal Budenny and Premier V. M. Jlolotov. Taxpayers Drive Designed To Hasten State Tax Cuts Sentiment For Reduc- tions Likely To Result In Broad Legislative Pro- gram. By PAUL H- Cmited Stiff Correspondent New York taxpayers who will have a powerful voice in election of a President in 1940 are on the march for reduced gov- ernmental expenditures and lower taxes. A United Press survey showed today that taxpayers in the counties, cities, towns and lages of President Roosevelt's home State have initiated an "economy in government" drive designed to hasten State tax re- duction in the legislature. The survey disclosed that the State's local governments, gen- erally. have proposed 1940 bud- get reductions ranging from thousands of dollars to 532.00. Also, many local budgets clear the way for tax reduction for property owners. The "back-home sentiment" for reductions in governmental spending undoubtedly will result in a broad economy campaign in the 1940 legislature, which con- venes January 3. The "halt governments spend- ing" demands are commg from the State's largest and smallest communities, whether Demo- cratic or Republican controlled. A study of the various local budgets, mam- of which remain to be enacted into law. disclosed that the first objective of the taxpayers was for tax reduction. of course. A cross-section of the survey revealed that: Schohane County has pro- posed a budget of S354.00S21 :or 1940. SSS.173 less than a year aso. 'Rochester City: 529.951. less than 1939. Trey. less than last year Nassau County. below the 1959 budget. Albany .the city singled out for attacks by Thomas E Dewcy sn his 193S Repute 3ican ca-npaipn for governor achieved s properly tax rtf per valuation, ine West saner British Operate Security Patrols Over Nazi Areas Announcement Thought To Reveal New Tactics To Halt Mine Operations. By H. I.. PERCY I'nitctl Start Correspondent laconic Air Ministry announcement that Royal Air Force 'security had been main- tained continuously last night over German mine layer and aircraft bases was believed today to mark a new British anti-mine cam- paign. British planes flew repeatedly Helgoland Bight, the water between the German fortified North Sea base, and the German coast, it was said autnontatively, i eady to attack any enemy planes which might be encountered. It was believed that the air ministry announcement revealed new tactics to halt mine laying by German to catch enemy planes as soon as they left their bases, before they got out into North Sea steam- ship lanes, of waiting in hope of driving them off the British shores, perhaps after they had laid their mines. Royal air force security patrols were maintained last night." said the air ministry announcement. It was the first the phrase pitrol" had been tisec I: was suggested that the pres- ence of British patrols in the Helgoland area explained the ressalJon of the Bremen ar.d Hambwrc ladio stations Jast r.icht Thev suddcr.'y the "f i newscast n ar.d not on tV air hours of Empire Sfate Makes History In Housing Housing Su- perintendent Edward M. Wein- feld ha? estimated that more than 1.000.000 low income fami- lies in New York State live under sub standard and overcrowded conditions. Declaring the State Housing program, authorized by the 193S Constitutional Convention and the 1939 legislature, is "just get- vns under way." Wemfeld told a gathering last night that "the job is not an easy "I am convinced that York State stands at the thres- hold of making history in tae field of he said. "No other state the union has ary constitutional and legislative housing provision such as ours which lay a. firm basis for a long terra program by the State." Germans Credit Navy For Assisting Bremen straggled to be modest today a commenting on the safe return of their finest merchant ship, the S20.000.000 Bremen, from Murmansk. Rus- sia, through the British North Sea blockade, to aa unnamed German port. The "pooh. pooh, that's noth- ing" attitude expressed in offic- ial quarters was intended more to belittle the effectiveness of the British blockade than the ex- ploit of the Bremen crew The German navy also was given of the credit ir. the High Command communique which slid that "among other things. were dispatched to gr-e the necessarv Failure Predicted For Reciprocal Trade Plan Russian Railroad Near Murmansk Is Bombed A t? ihc National Tidcnte iny that Fir.r.-5h aviators flew low over the Len- ir.g-rafi-JkjurmansJ: Railroad vesterday arrf bombe-i tweive and on? haJf of so ,5-Jcrcssfuily that tte l.n-- was blocked Any to th. br a rr-vrkel Fin- Rus- M-i-- n tak" to s opcratins fron the tors dcnt Rppscvclt rontsnur the sd tion trade t7 WASHINGTON- Western T.f- nnd IVnuviatir Sen.i- ''O ____ --__- today that Prcs-.- .x action -J "ttkcn" A Contributions Roll !lr Crf1t In For Relief Fund r-f the all Rorublirarje NEW YORK ti-Tie 1 Hcrbe-t to- n mrtstantial in i> to -hire" -i 11 the thai they to ficht if .1 finish to- kill the in siid esteniiy he -R fiild .-.1 Iradc .IJT l; elate June V2 tviff on :mpcrtt-d Ss-na'p Minontj Cnai- th-xigM there woulJ be a bitter L McNnrv R" Cnc leafier of hstiff Refenirj: t-- the rrcsj- in M'acV on tl be icadv f hm. 1 Vi A: R i-5 for.tnb-atjonjs vvs K H tr> rticago :o 1 rftTifn wuh M- et Mr Give Finland Aid Is Sanctioned Rodolfo Freyre, Argentina's Delegate To Session At Geneva, Leads Attack On Russia Announcing That Unless Nation Is Expelled His Country Would Quit. By SAMUEL DASHIELL United Press Correspondent committee of thirteen nations, appoint- ed to consider Finland's ap- peal against Russian aggres- sion, agreed today to submit to the League of Nations Assembly a resolution that Russia be expelled from the League and that league members aid Finland. The committee met immediate- ly after a plenary session of the assembly, with 40-odd nations represented, at which Rodolfo Freyre. Argentina, leading- an at- tack on Russia, announced that unless Russia were expelled his country would quit the League. He charged Russia with fla- grant violation of the League Covenant and with spreading death and destruction through Finland. It had been arranged that Freyre should open the attack. As soon as he had spoken and a new League Council for 1939-1940 had been elected, the assembly adjourned and the special com- mittee of 13 on Finland met. Adolfo Costa Durels. Bolivia, presented to the committee the tiro prepared recommendations: l) Concerning Finland's appeal under the League Covenant and Recommending Russia's ex- pulsion from the League and the imposition of penalties against her as an aggressor. Then a smaller committee was named, consisting of Great Brit- ain. France, Sweden. Portugal and Bolivia, to review the recom- mendations and submit them to the assembly this afternoon for immediate discussion. Under the League procedure the assembly would vote on the recommendations and present them to the council, or govern- ing body, for a final decision. A majority vote only was necessary for adoption by the assembly, but unanimity was required for the final council vote. The strange situation was pre- sented that China, a member of the council as well as of the as- sembly, did not want to Russia's expulsion because Rus- sia had befriended her against Japan and she hoped for more aid. But Germans, present ai Geneva in numbers though Ger- many 15 no longer a member of tie League, were urging that Russia be expelled. Some dele- gates for tius reason alone, op- posed expelling Russia, believer that she would be thrown closer to Germany. Freyre. the ArgenUr.e delegate, ha'j been nominated to open the attack on Russia. Fourth Red Held Another important Communist to be charged with passport fraud. Harry Gannes (below) was indicted by a New York Fed- eral Grand Jury. He is foreign editor of the Daily Worker, Com- munist newspaper. Successes Claimed By Red Troops Communique Issued At Moscow Indicates Army Fighting Way From Rear. BT HENRY SHAPIRO Unemployment Division To Add To Its Staff More than ac- iitional employes will be hired ay the Divwaon of Unemployment Insurance to facilitate investiga- tion of employer delinquencies in roninbuting to the unemploy- insurance fund, thr State Labor DopsrUnonl said today. The new employes audi- tors and office will be lircd on January 1. They the dep-irtrnfJit to check up delinquent employer? bj mspcctini; periodical- ly. prior to any complaints from or vjditor? after fih-s; of MOSCOW Russian troops. we-stward in an effort to cut Finland m half and fighting their way along the shores of Lake Ladoga m the south, haxs had new successes, an official cemniur.ique asserted today. There were unconfirmed rum- ors that numerous Ruwian wounded were pouring into riCTHci A? fighting intensified on r." fsvnts Hea Jqu-irten? of the Leningrad area asserted that on front the Rua- s.an army operating from ti< rkhta frontier district capturc-i the tc-wa of Markajacrvi, fifty- en inside Finland at rT-cwc5t toward the. top of tV Gill' of Bolhnia. arsiy driving- along this TiTt1-, and iorth-ae.< slhoies "I mtcal o" .t? way tSown line on- tvf rcir fycur-if} the vil- Hunttilr. rfnrl the staUca o' north of the lake, 1' v. .v "d wslh opcratxHifl Trollej Workers At Flint Back On Jobs f FXhcm.ar; bv .in ve Icr left Three Badly Burned When Tank Explodes THOnXBlT.Y O.VT- FLINT, MICH rciir CIO v? i n .n the l-Axt Bi y-inl Ncre wul rrcer.-c a five-cent hcnirly 'f sftoucird They hai 3'- a ten cent vi-
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