Olean Democrat, The (Newspaper) - December 18, 1890, Olean, New York "v H DECEMBER 19. IB T -j ALL AROUND THE HOUSE. FORMATION OF PRACTICAL: IM- FJPORTANCE TO RURAL READERS. A i a u Mliiiy Tliut Dcliclfiit in iiml I' ic-Ka O'vt'itary Hot) 'IViliciiiK Work I ll.l M.) IHI i it Uiib nnd A rr In D. S. flribont 1 has l'i Loos hero illiT- tniti to say Aincr- The i IHH t'lc i l.i'lcs v.'l'irh are ortlhtdl, i I an' I in my Own v It v.-ri 1 'on, TV .1 tint Of way hot'.-} have ;ri :v 'it improve- ment tuu L.Jj f.j.i'l- peat. tbese hoe; fi soil as easily as Single 1 li'i TJ of the double arr> tl icy pick t i i t i c-oop i in t.ic cvt, M 1o T.j t'.vj e i i l.i.'go is reconrnr.'i.le 1 DOUBLE POINTED out singly weeds, savin: the back and using the I call them my Crgcr for the wor1: llir-y do in this re i; better and jaor-3 quickly done than with any other form of hoe. They do not glance oft and turn as single points do, but cut the root or resisting object and penetrate tl e soil With a steady motion. I 1: op them sharp with a file. Nos. 1 and 2 I use for stirring the soil and for the general purposes of a weed hoe, and >7os. 3 and -1 for more delicate work close rovro of plants. While at work with these hoes I can perform tbe labor so ranch raoi'c rapidly and with so much less of force, that If I were again a boy I could not feel that old dull tired feeling that every boy esperiencs1; when set to hoeing the garden. There is an in- f-tellectual interest in the work in con- nection with such tools. Nos. 2 and 4 'were made out of common hoes. A no; The hoi' be bnib C wlio e numbers t ''tis being when built to hold not ov er: Did you ever calculate ths of a single potato, on the basis that that sin- gle tuber was the only one left in the world? That one would, of course, con- tain within itself the possibility of re- stocking the world with a valuable arti- cle of food. If one potato would pro- fodder when mlsed with meal or j duce. when planted, but ten potatoes, nourishing food has considerable in ten years the total product of thit one value. Straw is poor stuff for p, but hay will be consumed more ly by them if cut. When straw is np and mixed with hay or bran the will eat it all up, but if fed to i alone they will only nibble the best i off it. Every animal will show its for chopped food, and this alone is sufSeient to convince one t there is n saving in the animal econ- cutting the fodder. American irator. ___ of Crops Per Acre. Statistician Dodge places the average i of corn for the country for 1890 at Lf which is the smallest aver- reportcd, except in when it 1 18.6 bushels. The highest rates are i New England. New York averages S.8 bushels per acre. The principal de- is in tbe corn surplus Cot- i makes the average yield ITponnda per aTe. Louisiana leads with Arkansas, 22-5: Mississippi, 200; 191 pounds and bst down fa Florida. i its averapo acr" of 103 pounds Hut. Tb" yield per of is TiT..1) with two tions the lowest ever reported. The from tobacco districts make yit-ld per acre pounds, lr-wer than the avor. >Ibr the bnt higher t Of last year potato would be 10.000.000.000. which would stock the whole world with seed. If the world were reduced to one single potato, it would be better that London or Chicago be blotted froui the earth than for that one tuber to be lost. Evaporated Farmers in some localities where the apple crop has failed this year have found use for their evaporators in sav- ing tneir pumpkin crop. There is a good demand for evaporated pumpkins, and at good prices. American Cultivator tells of one fanner who had 1J acres in pump- kins, evaporated it, and the product is now worth Pretty good this for a year when many farmers allow their evaporating apparatus to lie unused. 1 1 1 l'. r 1- l 1 ii ou 1( i he i r! Ah th i LV i.ui, 1 in the L.-UI It, j. L L.kes fci.x times as r t butter hi a 'uail ,o d', ,j i.i ono f f ri'js. uav a vxoolc n factory in a town '.Ii application of .'-iz times i.Lit of Libor for cry vcb of it it does in another fiic'tory, how I a I and There. The fall sowing of wheat is growing in favor throughout the West. The potato disease was widespread in Europe this seas'in, which means a short potato crop. probably a much was hug in tbf United r' g the an- rf ;Vl 1 y of th- W -urn Sorioty, M valuable vldi- to the old list, an 1 the former rival to the it is in States as at One f crop in D> hw is that the the peach have A wrstT in Ti. r'V f f c1 i _ failure of the an 1 Man Lin i bv silt 1: 1 It i- t do if 1 all ra. the 1 jng is fonncr factory going to bt and t'jii coiupjUtiou of tau latter? I have no Hiring for the laan who has so little lik- ing ior his wuo t.iat he do all ihe churning, when she id doing ail tl-3 cooking, A farmer's wife in Ontario does twi< work of the woman auy- where el.vj in the whole world in my judgment, bhe cannot get help, she cannot get servants, and when slio does get girls fcome fellow comes around and whisks them away. The one thing that will lighten her burdens is to have the milking all done by men, and to have the butter all made in creameries, and then the farm labor will be considerably equalized. That is one of the benefits of co-operation; it lightens the labor of individual persons. Then the quality will be improved, though I woulu not venture to whisper a word that would detract from the reputation of the dairy butter made with the old contrivances. But, after all, while the women of Ontario make fine butter, we sometimes have very bad butter to eat from some- where in Ontario. But because of the great varieties of qualities it cannot be uniformly fine, and therefore has no sat- isfactory market value as an article of commerce. We want to have such but- ter manufactured in this province that not only our exports of it will ineiease, but that our cheese exports will double themselves. If we put skill into the business and feed our cows with ensilage and make our butter in creameries, why a circulation of gold equal to twenty millions will run into the province from Robertson at Ontario Dairy Convention. lint] lloiiHe oration. table r i i :.ud be fathered from the 'i uliirli 's ii rujllitho v Dcwn.tcir C.MI( I'.inij-IK r: A v ..ililul for ilin dinner I.1' i. in: v. itii a lung, narrow of in the jr. the e 1 I i vnall of m.'iili nlia.r, i.' i 1 liitu c'if. uitli it. n-. i ince tied in the in.iy bu laid about tiie table. Tht-y bbuuld be small size and of brocade that convsnondk in coloring; v. iuh t'ic real in them and tliu table. They emit a soft, in dc-fin-ilk- perfume throughout t Me phere, and may be as favors iF de- si rud. A tal'K' iL-corntioM of fern-, con-iists of t'.-iv.' cluster composed of I l.ri's- up i'i brocade b-igs, ap- tilte 1 each other, tied together with a wreath of real, small sin- gle flowers. Each men-i had a real flower thrust through two holes pierced iu one corner. Tree lichen moss laid in designs on preen moss is one of the new arrangements ior decorating church window sills; some- times the vivid yellow toadstools are used for letters or monograms. Frosting has come to be quite a feature j in house decorations; for this ground glass powder or diamond dust may be used. There is also a new gold metal powderdust, which is very coarse grained, and intended to look rouch and catch the light. It is applied with size, and the rougher tLe foundation the better. It c -.ibines with diamond frosting with most excellent ef- fect. A new introduction is glass wLich shows the grain of wood as you look at it, and the shapes in which this is maie render it particularly well adapted to .table decora- tion. Have you used Two Pretty Christinas Trifles. Our cut represents two modest Christ- mas first an appropriate offering for a young lady's dressing table; the sec- ond sure to please any young man who cherishes a proper regard for the chief or- namental feature of man's neck- tie. Good Housekeeping, which originally is the Churn. When the churning for the day has JEWEL CASE. illustrated them, tells how to make these been finished, take a pail of boiling water, articles. For tbe jewel case have five pieces dipper in hand, and wash down all small particles of butter that may stick to in- side of churn, allowing same to run out at milk outlet. Next add about ten gal- lons of boiling water to a 300 gallon churn; put on by hand, giving vent at each turn for three or four pat belt on churn for five minutes, allowing small vent to be open during churning. draw off water, keep covers on tight, steam gently for of glass cut the desired size, and paste rib- bon around the edges of each piece. When thoroughly dry overcast the pieces of glass together by the ribbon to form the box. Then make a pad of China or India silk, tufted and scented, to lay in the bottom of the case. Do the tufting with baby ribbon. Fasten a ribbon diagonally r.cro.-s the case, with a bow at each end. The necktie case is made of buckram. Cut two pieces of cardboard r desired them together with ribbon, like a book. five or ten minutes, inserting steanmose scented, then covered with some pretty at milk outlet. The steaming must be soft material. A pretty design can then carefully done the first time. j be either painted or embroidered on the After steaming, add ten or more gal- I outside. Fasten the two pieces together Ions cold brine (very put covers with ribbon tied up at each end, or bind on and turn by hand several times, j Care must be exercised here to prevent j the churn from collapsing, by leaving a small vent open. Put on the belt and churn ten or more minutes until the I wood is cold. You will observe this last brine churning renders the wood hard i by being absorbed into the surface of the wood: also removes all loose wood fiber and grease, making the churn white and sweet. Churns that have not been treated to this method will not be white until sev- eral treatments. After once perfectly sweet one treatment each week will be sufficient during warm weather, and once in ten days iu cold weather. Robert McBeth in Creamery Journal. tVhey Vats. The practice of canying the Light's and morning's milk to the factory in one can is a custom that should be avoided from May 13 to Oct. 1. especially if the yesterday's sour whey is to be" trans- ported back home in the same can. It is wonderful what foolish things some patrons will do, and then eipect that thi-ch.cte maker is coins to make the Dest. i am about sure tnat tne manv fatal cases of cheese tj-rotoi- icon are traceable back to carrying rot- ten whey ia the milk can: the trans- mitting of the germs of putrefaction from a never washed, ever germ breed- ing and stinking whey vat to the milk. In additoa to the usual sermon about belter cows and cheaper food we do need some of us a full sermon of gen- uine John Calvin orthodoxy hurled at us for our sins of mixing tbe result of dirty hands, clean milk, FOUT whey and rusty milk cans promiscuously together, all in one original package. Why don't we stop Gould in Hoard's Dairyman. was and Dainty Confections cf tlie Modern Dinner. At almost every modern dinner, lunch and even breakfast some dainty confection is served. A very chocolate can be made at home that show-, bewitch- ingly through the cut glass of .-j bonbon dish, and is, so a writf-r York World asserts, pupcm-" i t.iste 'to many famous niakts of choc ilate and much lesfe expensive. This is tbe exact recir.e: One cup of grat- ed Baker's chocolate. cups of granu- lated sugar, a piece of butter the size of a walnut, with a cup of Lot water, a pincb of silt, and ateaspoonful of vanilla. These are the and it is an easy task to boil them dor. n to the consistency of candy. it and allow it to boil for ten minutes only. Try it in a cup of cold water, and so as it is cf tbe consistency of thickene.S molasses pour into butter-'! tins. Then vi'i'Ji n .silver knife stir it bick and icith till 3 on find it is When marking it off in little squares yon ir.ay put it awav to Speafang of a butter test that made in Europe bclwws Holstein Jersey. Hoard's Dairyman says: In these days and in this country, where the but Ur yield determines the value of milk moro acd more, as prog- ress goes on. it is not hard to we that the test nvralftl that th" Jersey wonld be the inrr.- cow. f r ,v milk runs betwc-n any one knows that fi'ity-six pounds of Jersey miK- nKrf butter iu it than fifty- fo-jr pirind- r.f milk, and each was ,n Ev.rope at same A I'inc Sivcct tVl-ito Fir. To sweet pie parooil one pound potatoes, and wLen quite cokl i' in. Crccm together one-half cupful of butter and three-fourths of a cupful of whits sugar: add the beaten yelk? of four eggs, one tablespoonful of nutmeg, one tablespoonful of cinnamon and one lemon, juice and rind. Beat tbe potato into this mixture by cJejirees. and when it is quite light stir in one cupful of milk, a wineglassful of brandy and the beaten whites. Bake in dishes lined with good paste without a crust. Tbe Lily of the Valley. Tbe old fashioned favorite of onr gardens Is handsome for botnc culture if a half dozen pips or bulbs are planted in a pot to- gether. Water and place in a sunny win- dow in rVccmber, and tbey will bloom in To on" cupful of cold boiled nre add pint of flour, two one- quart of milk (or enough to make thin ba.tte.r1, one tahie- gpoonful of bntter and a teaspoonfnl of salt. Beat well and bake quickly. inr- bcmght fwo tivw from Kentucky t Tliittrr. Toe vay to itak p-x 1 r to inako it ja.-: r.-bt -.m Every ffsuueryirian has tbe I light inwst that when bp buys j it If prepared in tue way bet; I to his He biawelf can 1 teftnct LfeJifeaM wtot UaU war A pair of Cindloticks has OTI tbe Kiie of r.ich a C'npid. r.nc armed with and parne Hs-T. tijc otbrr in the act of nc aim r-nd each nTf fonr clover- .ih leaves; the sbadcs pale green Daint" trifles-for the r ,r.tc in Cope jAnd with sprinkled with cf tarqnois hJnc ia rehef ar? in oii German fai- ft.rc. o- -sn of that -srare -w doe- crumpled MiTit-'n with tiry like rmlico. Rocking chairs Are bftckfd and xpiodled! than DRESS FOR WELL MADE PERFECT FITTING CLOTHES GO TO DUFFY FASAIONABLE MERCHANT TAILOR, f. J ESEST 3MCetIa.oc3J.fitt Exchano-eNational Bank OF CLEAN, N. Y. CAPITAL STOCK PAID SURPLUS..........................................23O.OOO.OO MILLS W. BABSE, GEO. V. FOBMAN, VICE-PEESIDEST. FRANK L. BABTLETT, Y. FOKMAH, F. L. BABTLETT, D. C. LEFEVBE, C. S. CABY, M. W. V. FBAKCHOT, G. H. STBONQ A LARGE STOCK. Well Olb-oxoe] Seleo-bxoxLs, i See To FURNITURE DEALER, XO. aOD'UNION STREFT OLEAX. K MANUFACTUBKK OF Granite and Marble Monuments, Headstones and Tablets. DESICNSTANU ESTIMATES FURNISHED.ON APPLICATION. 71 STAT3E JOT. NFWSFAPF.R!