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Olean Democrat, The (Newspaper) - November 13, 1890, Olean, New York SIXTEEN PAGES -njr-ip" PAGES The Democrat VOL. XI. CLEAN. CATTARAUGUSICO.'NEW YORK, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1890. KNIGHTS OF LABOR. ANNUAL MEETING OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY AT DENVER. Mr. Powdeily Advocates i rco Dis- CtUsioii of the Ihcorics otwtlon mud Free Kovli-us the Cen- tral Strike at Length Unmercifully Scores the 1'uvois an Alli- ance With the 1 Colo., general assembly of the Knights of Lauor con- vened in annual session yesterday, Gen- eral Master Workman Powderly presid- ing. Over 2UO deletes were present. Mr. Powderly read his annual address, at the conclusion of which the assembly ad- journed till to-day for the prrpo.se of giv- ing the committee on credentials time to prepare their report. But two contests were from Massachusetts and the other from Florida. In his ad- dress Mr. Powderly leniinded the dele- gates that on Dec. 20 the organization will have been in existence twenty-one years. "For years during this Mr. Powderly said, "the most important of a series of questions that has agitated the people of all nations if that of tariff and free trade. We have not, a.s an order, adopted a tariff or an anti-tariff clause in our preamble nnd I do not advise such a thing now. We should, however, throw open the doors of our for the discussion of this great problem so that our members may become educated in the basic jciples of protection and free trade. _ "While we do not allow the. question in- side of our sanctuaries, our members are asked every four years in the United States and every five years or oftener in Canada, to register their votes either iri favor or against protection. My recom- mendation is that, on and after Jan. 1, 1891, it shall ba permissible for local as- semblies to discuss the question of high tariff and free trade. By putting the question in this shape, which will bring the greatest good to the greatest number tariff or free com- mit the order to either school et al- low our members to take up for discussion and agitation that vital question." Upon the question of maintaining legis- lative committees Mr. Powderly thought tbnt if the assembly decided to 'maintain Ibem it should also decide what measures such committees shall advocate. He op- posed making any change in the constitu- tion, except such'as will reconcile conflict- ing clauses and make plain obscure pass- ages. "In the early part of the Mr. Powderly continued, u'information came to me that members of the order employed by the New York Central railroad and under the jurisdiction of District Assem- bly 246, were growing restive under the treatment received at the hands of the officials of the company. Individual efforc in the direction of ameliorating the con- ditions that were not easy of e ndurance had proved abortive, and when the aid of men of influence was invoked it usually turned out to be the same. Public offi- cials were appealed to to approach the officials of the New York Centr.il and in- tercede for the workmen that they might receive better treatment in the matter of wages and regulations. r.othiag ever come of it. "The public press from Buffalo to New York was. with but few honorable excep- tions, under the influence of the Vander- bilt-system. Whenever an editor lecided to travel east or west he applied to the president of the company and was- granted a pass for himself and friends. When- ever the interests of the company required it these paper.s would always respond and publish whatever was presented to them. With the chosen servants of i he people traveling on passes of the company, with the editors of the papers along the road subsidized in the same became impossible for the workmen to get the pub- lic ear or place their grievances before the officials of the company without subject- ing themselves to dismissals.4' The general master workman then went int? a lengthy review of the Central strike, giving all the that passed between himself and Mn.stor Work- man Lee of Albany and stating his rea- sons for recommending that the strike be inaugurated. Continuum, he saiii: "Dur- ing the Central strike we had an opportu- nity to learn who our friend1; were unions; the newspapers, and found that they -were exceedingly few. We were quan- tities of counsel, warning and censure. Many of the papers that wen- friendly to us did net sseiii to uailcrslan 1 sit'ua- tion or the of men who work for low wastes. the Central strike there were rumors of anot 1'er one on the Erie railroad and the papers 50 show that there was no for a ikv on that road, for f.e 'rrunacer.-' were working in hsrmony. The-e will al- ways be harmony between employer employe when ihe former r" jn power to dictate what the emjilojr-s drink an-3 (-in- r i can con'ro] the market he will lv- 1 men. Whin t be employer has ;i no iv of the market h also a mor> of the liarnv ny th-it our so much. The tijrer always h
clefamers in England is believed by many to be in the nature of a -bluff." it has had the effect of stopping the mouths of his enemies for the time being at Jeasr. In- terest in the case continues, however, and many are the criticisms he uoon the unlucky members ot the "re..r su.ird." The release of Castcio by :hj queen's bench yesterday greatly (.eriri'tL-d the Swiss Radical colony in Lon-lvn. Castino was escorted from the court to his lodg- ings by a number of sympathizers, who tnarcued to the music of a b.-.nd em- ployed for the occasion. I'fc" ruling of the court is a surprise to th- public, as it has not been generally undorj-tocd that the murder of Councillor Jio-si was a political crime, though it occurred at a time of popular revolt. Two hun-lred Jews who v.ere expelled from have arrhe'l in Berlin on their vay to the United S'.-u s They de- clare that they consider fiu-eives for- tunate in away from :i country where they were subjected much per- secution. Many Jews who attempt to emigrate are prevente.5. The action of j the police iii this matter wholly capricious. One family in a v.Jlage will be notified to leave the en; a family of relatives or friends -who prepare to accompany the exik-s will ic ordered to remain at home, and cannot pnx-u-e pass- ports. The Daily News and otherLiber.il news- papers in highly jrr.iii.'i-d Terms of the accorded Mes-r- -John Dil Ion and William O'Brien New York and oiluT American citir- Times and Standard. 071 the ot'. point out tn.it only AiiH-rir.ins ivh iurt in the are politicians, kn .1 .issuch, and that class of Aiiuric.ms are conspicuous their The police are n'-w that no person was connected Mrs. Piero-y in the mur-ier of Mrs. Phoebe Hos2 .ind her child, and thv knew nothinz about the tr-iirr 3v. Mrs. rnade a of i up to'" does not tiie actual nr From her staUnu'iits, it appears 1 r. 'he :n- rs The! brinpnj ctii'd in a per.unbulator. The} had words at iei. prob- about re'iTi.-'n- nh Mrs I Pierrev 1 111 f -.wcij ftp thf of h frin oj.lv .if. -rf i fmr- 1he of Mrs t i-b-iij i jii i- .nr Hi" i T Pitrff liberau-1.-'-.ir: thf-diil 1 lie j. .pe h s the rpl- BRAVERY REWARDED. liiirnn rreKcutrcl it some Cold Watch. Uri-TMo. Nov. Mr John T. Burns, the LHS.I- s'jore engineer who saved his train ni last month, received, tlr.-oug'i Chi.-f Engineer .Arthur of the HrotlnM'hoo i of Locomotiv Engineers, from A. Andrews, projtn tor of the Diamond Palace, San Francisco, a very substantial token for his bravery. It is a heavy gold watch of the finest Elgia move- ment, and on the back appears this in- scriptio-i: A. Andrews of San Fivn >--i o to Ehgineer John Kur-i lor H.- bruvcry, Oc t. J'j, b'.) i. Col. is the geatlem.in who two years ago presented a wat -h ,o Miss Min- nie Freeman, the Nebraska sf'iool teacher who saved her scholars from freezing in the great blizzard. Accompanying Mr. Burns' watch was the following letter: SAN FnANCisco, Oct. 19, 1800. P. M. Arthur, Esq., Grand Thief Engineer Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers: MY DEAR The heroic act of the brave fellow mentioned in the inclosed news dis- patch deserves recognition wider than that so readily given by the immediate beneficiaries of his coolnces and courage. Tbe American public owes to him acknowledgement, for in his example is increased safety for the mil- lions lives every year depend on the locomotive engineer. As a part of public in this di-tant commonwealth vlioae Sensibil- ities are in concert with those of all people whose puhes were quickened by the story of his devotion and unselfishness, I offer the ac- companying tribute, which you wiil receive by express, and do me the honor to acknow- ledge and forward to Engineer John Burns, his personal address being unknown to me. Yonrs respectfully, A. ANDREWS. Mr. Burns has received a a very compli- mentary letter from General Superintend- ent Wright, inclosing a testimonial signed by a number of the eastern passengers who were on the train. KOi.VKI) TO THE WALL. LEADING YORK FIRMS MAKE ICNMLNTS. HOT SOUTHERN BLOOD. Fatal Ontcome of a Family Quarrel in Georgia. CotOiBrs, Ga.. Nov. C. Dawson of GlenvilK Ala., was shot and killed at the race track at ths Chattanoochee Val- ley exposition yesterday by Dick and Robert Howard, brothers, and James Bickerstaff, their brother-in-law. Immediately after the gentlemen's trot- ting race Mr. Dawson drove into the open space in the rear of the judge's stand and got out of his sulky. Immediately there- after Dawson was seen running, pursued by three men who were firing pistol shots at him. Dawson drew his revolver as he ran, and turning fired upon his pursuers. Thirteen shots were fired, when Dawson fell and died shortly afterwards. He had four bullets in him, two of which inflicted fatal wounds. The cause of the shooting had its origin in a family trouble. Dawson having mar- ried and deserted a Miss Howard, sister of the two men named. Dawson was a son of Hon. W. C. Dawson, a prominent and wealthy citizen of Alabama, now residing in Eufaula. The Howard.-, belong to one of the oldest and most respectable fani- ilies in Georgia. The Howard boys and j Bickerstaff have been arrested. They re- fuse to talk further than to claim that they were justified and ask suspension of public opinion. i ENVELOPED !N FLAMES. Two Frightfully Burned at Rochester. _ N. Y..Nov. Guss and Edward Fischer ;.t work vester- day varnishing tiie interior of a large fer- menting tub in the American brewery, and when u crew dark and they had not complete.! rhe work they lit a arulle and took it into the tank. they climbed dovin into the vat whir1, the flame :rom the candle communicated to the in- lammnble varnish and in a moment the nterlor of the tank was a mass of flames. Che two men attempted to make their escape from the vat, but it proved a veri- .able prison. It was some time before they were res- cued by their fellow workman. Guss j was the most s-verely injured. Portions i of his clothing v-re burned fn.m his body, lis hair was singed and his face, hands, back were badlv burned. in places were H> badiy th- flesh droppr.l off. He his eyes an .i t iuis his ivc-sightwas i aved. Fi'-che'- severely burned, but he will recover. It to feart-J that Guss will die. Governor Campbell Slightly Better. O i TMHFS. o., Xov. 12 Governor N :i is r'-; to be sri-htly better. is -T to lea'-'t led. It is nt h- a-, a result f his illness, he will irra: t H Elmer Sharkey. who was to have executed to-morrow Froiulni'iit -ii.i.iU Wealthy BroUcis the i I Arc at Hi-tAci-n f'SO.OOO.OOO ami 000- Were to Ihe Keceut I u ,M rinanoial World. NEW Vi T. Walker Son. iii ivh-iiiti, and importers at 81 Prince street, made an assignment yes- terday. The cau-c> of the .Oiilure was the in- ability of MahUnsale Bros. Knigtt of Patersoii, X. .r.. silk manufacturers, to liquidate t'-c.r liability to the firm. Ac- coi-diu? to Rjles the Paterson firm oves p-tate of John T. Walker Son of which the Mini of is overdue, 'i lit- active capital of Walker Son for the past two 3ears has been about -o they were unable to withstand losj arising from the non- payment of .Nightingale Bros. Knight. The firm been carrying the heavy load for the four years, and whenever the firm v.-as unable to meet its obligations i: taken care of. Owing to the money market and the sus- spicio'i concerning bilk paper, caused by several receni failures, the firm was un- able to get the usual accommodations and suspended payment. The liabilities are about, an'l Ihe nominal assets about com- posed of in merchandise and j v. orth of accounts and bills re- i ceivable, of which over is due from Nightingale Bros. Knight. Decker. Howell Co. made an assign- ment to William Nelson Cromwell. The firm was considered very wealthy. It had j been identified for years with the move- j ment of the Villard stocks. The failure was couriered the cloud that had been hanging over the market, and after it was announced a rally of 1 to 2 percent, oc- curred. Air. Cromwell makes the following state ment concerning the firm's affairs: The liabilities are about and the assets, at the present market price, largely exceed that sum. The liabilities are due almost entirely to banks and bankers on loans made and are well se- cured. The cause of the suspension was the inability of the firm to borrow the necessary amount of cash required in the day's business. The firm's transactions were very large, it being necessary to bor- row several million daily. The firm had abundant collateral and it was not for lack of security, but the inability to make it available that caused the crash. As the securities are of a special line there may be a disposition among the creditors to sacrifice them on the market, but such a course would be suicidal. The character of the securities show that their price on the market is far below their act- ual value, and if creditors have the judgment to hold their securities they will be amph- i 1. The frm 01 ,er. Howell Co. was identified with the Villard, but with the StM-.-ia oil interests as well, and also the auounts of the big- gest stock operating firm in Chicago. After the failure of the firm was an- nounced sales >f under the rule for its account v.-i-re in Edi.son general electric stock, which .oiced the price down to C5. a decline' of points from Mon- day night's clj-p. A large amount of Great Northern Pacific preferred, common and preferred North American, Manitoba, Western Union, Central, and Missouri Pacific were also sold under the rule for this David Richmond, a s'ock broker, made an assignment to Frank L. Regun. Mag- dalaine Kic'imond is a preferred creditor. Whitney Co. have failed. The firm was composed of Charles M. Whitney, Edwin b. Larchar and Frank M. La-char. The offices of tL'; firm are at06 Broadwav. Mr. ifcCnrdy, tue counsel for the firm, said that the creditors would be paid full unless the p-mic and sales in the ex- change so reduced the margins as to ren- der the money shorter. No statement was made showing the r.ctual financial con- dition of the firm's affairs. c rc-atea aKaiU'.S tttfc Hank of Noit'i xmerica was a puxxle. ft- was thsit, the liim of Decker, ifv h.-.doveidrawn their account to th.il n, this could bj finitely During the day (lie Mer-b.r.ici and bank made its Hcmento with the clc.-iiing house and thf othertwo bunks meived fiom the other j bi.nks jn the association pulled through a At the J'ank of North America it was st'i cd that the trouble WHS directly due to the account Howell that D'w 'lie account of that firm wAs close.! ,iu( ban c in a stringer po- sition Trie niost important la'tor i i iJii i1 jTi.'uts wii-i the wiirciM Money. Right up to the clow it was in great demand, and per and legal interest was charged on loans, equal to 189 per cent, per annum. Thii fact and the troubles of the banks caused a special meeting of the Clearing House association to be called, and after a long debate it was decided to appoint a com- mittee of presidents with authority to issue clearing house loan in order to enable banks to settle balances between themselves. These certificates will be based on receivable, collateral securities, cash i and the united credit of the banks. This action is intended to distribute the re- serves between the institutions. one bank is unable to settle its in cash it will deliver securities and to the certificate committee, and if that committee accepts the securities it will authorize an issue of certificates on them. It was hoped that this action will prevent any of the banks being forced to ciose their doors on account of the scarcity of money and at the same time the united action of the banks is expected to restore complete conadence. Not Affected by the "Whitney Failure. NEW ORLEAKS, Nov. answer to an inquiry the Whitney National bank has issued the following statement with reference to the Whitney failure at New The president and directors of Whitney National bank officially state that the suspension of C. M. Whitoey A Co. of New York only affects the Whitney National bank to the extent of The Whitney bank are not now, nor have they ever been directly or indirectly in- terested in the firm of C. M. Whitney Co. or their transactions. A small com- plimentary account has been kept with C. M. Whitney Co., the National Bank ef Commerce being the New York corres- pondent of the Whitney National bank. Slight Flurry in Philadelphia PHILADELPHIA, Nov. excite- ment in the New York stock market was reflected to a certain degree in this city The transaction on the local exchanr footed up largest .or many years. The bond salee amounted to The local stocks, in -Ir-ding Reading, Pennsylvania and Valley, were held firmly, although transactions therein were very large. On tha fioor of the exchange there little more than the usual excitement, bat the offices of the various brokers were crowded all day with clients, most at, them looking for bargains, VTilh i. HAM. N imn a b citr. 'i jjj; l.is <-hoj. man a L" who rn Ji here in Factory Nov. Homes In- .visf.v: :rer of ihii I" "I'f-rf' rius vi rh d female in of fX'hadfd Miss AachnfT e held tr.aJ In- f acr.i: I 171 the TO THE RESCUE. Appeals to the Treasury Department. WASHINGTON, Nov. panic terday in Wall street caused some appre- hension in tbe treasury department and the situation was closely watched. A fiat appeals were made to Secretary Windom to come to the relief of the market, trat these appeals were not formidable and the day closed without the treasury depart- ment taking any action in the matter. STATE FISH COMMISSION. Monthly Meeting of New York NEW YORK. Nov. meeting of the Csh commissioners of state of New York was held in tbe FoItOk bank building yesterday morning. _ Blackford presided, and CommisBUnm W. H. Bowman of Rochester, Borden of Troy and L. D. Huntingdon at New Rocbelle were present. W. H. Thompson of the St. La association and J. J. Groff of the Utioa> association appeared before the sion and asked that P. F. Drew, and game protector of the state, wbd been discharged 1-is.t year and W, Warren Poad put in his place, be stated. It was resolved that the secretary pare complimentary resolutions to be to Gen W. T. Sherman, who has as a member of the commission and them ready at the next meeting. L. D. Iluminffton was appointed to___ charjre of Gen. Sherman's Cold Spring Harbor, and Mr. of tbe Adirondack and Fulton chain dis- trict hatcheries. The next meeting of the co will be on tbe second Tuesday in ber. I clmo K1; i >r- nf t-n: 1 1 'IT C k i c re r' r A French Schooner Nov :2 The French of Pt. Pierre aHaed smuggling at Codefoy. An excitant; fight ectned M between Ofiirfr Gilnw the capt.i.n sml crew of tbe Mrhoontr, excrement the scboontrdrifted and mtn jumped n__ The Frenchmen dropped tWir take-1 The pnsoDfrswetT TTTesvH to Johns. Tlip of the sisted of w tr.e annv on Tinll N NVht. arrl PORTI N T for vy b Kitttin ii i New by day k for twenty and re- to a h'.maa beirsg f r- cnfhf-red tip. to X ,r f ind NOT, 11-TW prill of owMd by M. K. it Aon malty iartreyaj wtckt 1ft SEWSPA.PF.nl
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