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Olean Democrat, The (Newspaper) - February 6, 1890, Olean, New York SIXTEEN PAGES. rfae Democrat. VOL. XI OLEAN, CATTARAUGUS CO. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 6, I 890. NO. 11 WIIKRK THEY STAND. SPEAKER CARLISLE DEMOCRATIC EXPLAINS POSITION. THE ter Hl'-Ct tai.c Be an Address to the Country ilie of the Minority in tho OUT thn Rules Their Position Justified by the of All ON, Feb. 4. An address to the country, explaining the position of the Demo- cratic; ni'Ti.'vs of the house, has been pre- pared b_, Carlisle, and will be signed v nil of the minority members to-day. The a'it.u.-- in full text is as follows: The .ituation in the house of repre- sentau.'-. i.-. <-o anomalous and the unpre- cedented. i" .'j-jiis of the speaker are so full of danger I; the integrity of future legisla- tion thai it our duty 10 submit a brief statenx of the facts in order that the propriety r-f the courbe wo have taken may be fairly deiormhipJ. The house met on the second day of Decem- ber. 18o9, and imme-liately organize! by the election of a speaker and other ofticers. On the same day by a resolution of the houss, the speaker was authorized to appoint a commit- tee on rules, and the rales of the last preced- ing house were referred to that committee. The committee, consisting of the speaker himself and four other members was ap- pointed on the fifth day of December, and on the ninth, it made a report authorizing the speaker to eppoint all the other committees and defining their jurisdiction. The com- mittee on elections, to" which was referred all cases involving the rights of moml-ors to their seats v.as appointed on ths niaUi day of December. THE COMMITTEE OJf RULES. Although nearly two months have elapsed since the committee on rules was appoinced, it has made no report upon the ma CLTS re- ferred to it, except tiw partial one made on the Dee. 9, and the house has been compelled to conduct its business with- out any rule or system, except the general parliament-ay law as construed by the speaker. There Lave been no calanders, no order of business, no fixed time to receive re- ports from committees or for the considera- tion of bills .or resolutions, and, in fact, no regular methods whatever in the proceedings of the house. LIKE A POLITICAL CONVENTION. The American house of representatives has been during all this time and still is, so far as rulf? for its government are con- cerned. in isoly the condition as a popular i ig o.' a politi' si convention, in which ihc. chairman and his part ab- co'Urol ull the pi 000 lings. No can get before the house for ccnsid-.: unless the speaker chooses to allow it to be presented, and members have HO menus of knowing in advance what they are to be upon to discuss or decide. This is the first time in our history that a legislative or even a public meet- n l i u 10 dffliii" U at tV pcni'in not V. Ir-n tli MI i. it in jounuil, br.t il any in. vot The icn actually it I.H Ire of the fact and ng mil or motion had vote is not ta'ccu by not cut'Tcd upon the iixt'ii-s the point ;t, d the pro to tho contrary the proceed- ings a "linl lative body are regular and valid, and therefore when the official record does not show that less than a quorum voted, or attention i'. not called to the fact in such a to furuNh legal evidence of it, the qut'tion i.-iii'uit be made afterwards. Many bills have passed when there was no qiKirnni and it is equally true that ma ny have pav-ed w ben there as no quornm pn rent, but this does not prove that the proceeding would have been valid ir either case if the official record had shown the fact. In order to secure certainty and stability in the administration of the law, it is a rule in our jurisprudence that when a particular construction of a constitution or a. statute has been for a long time acquiesced to, not only by those whose duty it is to execute it, but also by those whose personal and property rights are affected by it, the courts will recognize it as the true construction, and en- force it accordingly. Even if this were an original question, it would not be difficult to show that the practical construction of the constitution which has prevailed in the house and senate for over one hundred years is the correct one. Speaker Reed himself, when in the minority on the floor of the house, stated the true meaning and the true philosophy of the constitution when he said: "The consti- tutional idea of a quorum is not the presence of a majority of all the members of the house, but a majority of the present and participating in the business cf the house. It is not their visible presence, but their judg- ment and votes, which the constitution calls for." WHY THEY OBJECTED. Gen. GarSeld, Mr. Elaine, Mr. Hawley, Mr. Conger, Mr. Ptobeson and other eminent Republicans have taken the same position and their arguments have never been an- swered. If any legal or political question can be settled in this country by the long acquies- cence of jurists and statesmen of all parties, certainly this question has passed beyond the domain of discussion. When, therefore, the present speaker repudiated fois settled con- struction of the constitution, and decided that when the official record which the constitu- tion requires the house to keep, shows on a call of the yeas and nays, that a quorum has not voted, he can count members present and not voting, and thus by his own act, outside of the recorded vote, determine that a meas- ure has passed, we considered it our duty, as a part of the representatives of the people, to enter our protests in every f orm available to us under the circumstances. THE JIINORITY NOT TRYING TO EULE. "We are not contending for the right of the minority to govern as the supporters of the speakers have endeavored to make the coun- try believe. On the contrary, we are deny- ing the right of a minority to eject members from their seats, or to pass laws for the gov- ernment of the people. Under the constitu- tion a majority of the members of the house constitute a quorum to do business. We are contending that the majority shall take the responsibility which properly belongs to them and shall come to the house of representatives and vote if they desire to control its prcceed- as legitimate ever since the j ings, and we are protesting against their government was established, cvd when at- j right to carry their measures by counting us tenrots Lave been "iru'e 10 itpp.es ing, has to transact business for A GRIST OF ACCIDENTS. FIVE DROVERS INJURED IN A WRECK, THREE FATALLY. A Wildrat Train KUII Down by a Trull Tiaiii 1 Boiler nt Phila- delphia Kriult-i iu tlio Serious Injury of yifii Natural CHS Blow-t'p at ne, I'a. KAXKEKEE, 111., Feb. Five persons -were badly injured. three of them possibly fatally, by a wreck near Peotone on the Illinois Cen- tral road yesterday morning. The fruit ex- press crashed into the caboose of a wild train. The latter had been made up at Kankakee of sto-k aiiJ ,e, ivvl left for at The fruit express followed five later. The morning was very loggy a D'.'ln this side of Peotone the engineei of the wild train reduced Vila rate of ppee.l and fruit train, being close behind, struck tLe caboose, overturning the stove, which set fire to the car. The caboose and one car of merchandise were destroyed. Five drovors in the car were badly injured, thc-ir mmes being: Hiram Good.vin of Kankakep. both legs broken and injured intcrnallv, con liiion critical; Al. Kinson of Sheldon. Til broken lower limbs para lyzrvl .''.r. vjhiistens of Sheldon, injured internally; Mr. Isley of Oilman, 111., injured internally a drover from Sheldon, badly injured. __ BOILER EXPLOSION. KNIGHTS OF LABOR. The Troy Conference Propoicd THUY .Labor BC< tn the st PAY WASTED. TriF. Five Men Badly Scalded at Philadelphia, Fa tall v. PHILADELPHIA, Feb. explosion of a boiler on the fourth floor of the Edison Elec- tric Light company's building, 90S Sausom street, resulted in scalding and otherwise in- juring five men. Investigation shows that the head of ths boiler had blown out. and j those who stood near it were more or less J scalded. The injuro.l were removed to a hospital. Their names are as "Will- iam Booth, Charles Herron, John Eashell, j James Abbey of 107 Spencer street; Brook- j lyn, "William Herroa. j Charles Herron and Booth were severely scalded about their faces and hinds. Bushell received a contusion of the rirht wrist by Herror, v.'cre not badly injured the steam, but the former received a cor.tusion of the left side by being thrown against some ob- ject by the- force of the Thus far it is not known what caused the explosion-, but an investigation will be made. any considerable period without a regular code of rules prescribing the order of its pro- ceedings, and the inconvenience and the in- justice resulting from such an attempt have been forcibly illustrated in tLe nt in- stance. The speaker has during these extraordinary i 'fused to entertain ptiil'iinentary motions tnat have "iru'e 10 itppeai from I-Is decisions Le t-) nit the ques- tion to the house-. By hi- arbirrary ruling, sustained in by less a quorrrrr, he has ni. .--rted every pri comtituty nnl raid pnrMnnientary lav, LojVtc- fore recori'izeu in the house. pel sop'ii and partisan domination of the houVe is Mibp.itted to, though not w ith- out reryr.te'l until v.e bocame con- vinced that it was t- e deliberate purpose of the speaker PH! his supporters to proceed i out'lies to the mcm- seats are contested their Republican opponents, wh-her clectod or not. DETEKTIVTD TO STOP rr.OCEEDIXQS. On Wcrlw-flay, Jan. 'JO. the committee on election.- i-n L-d up a cor.testc-d and members det -rrnned that iii tho r.b-ence of rules it not be if they could prevent it by any projt-r i arlif-mc-ii'ary proceed i" vs. ingly rai-vjd the que.-tion of tion" fit Tiand'--1 tba yeas and and on the call of the- roll refrained from voting The result was that IMS tbnn a rrn.-titutional quorum voted, but the sprakrr. in violation of the ir-lform practice "f tho ho-.i-e r T than a v.t. but not r, id de- clared that the b..d flncidt-1 r-.V tin case up. fiis an taken, 1 on to lay tbi< the t.tbi- '.b- Ai-ns mil naj.s v.en-u'Vii. and (j..- mm voted, but iV.r- ijx-.iker rr.t-mbers not and dc- ci'hd that th? motion was agreed to and his ralir.g th bv .Mi-tained. Tfcp rf the United States pro vide5 that a may nty of each "-.hnll a quorum to do a srocllor r.r.mber may from Hny dav. -vrhen we do not vote. The claim of the majority that they have a right to govern the house without attending its sessions and taking part in the condact of its business, is too preposterous to require re- futation. It must be evident to any one who understands the position taken by the Demo- cratic minority in the house, that it cannot possibly result in an in jury to the country, or in any injustice to the majority. Its only effect will be to compel the Republican majority, elected by the people, to assume the i-psponsibility imposed upon them. On the other hand no one can foresee the evils that may result from the inauguration of the practice of counting votes not cast in order to make a quorum. Under it a minority of the members-elect to the house and senate may pass the most tyrannical laws for the oppression of the people, and the most cor- rupt laws for the spoliation of the public treasury. "Whether so intended or not its direct tendency is to break down the barriers heretofore existing for the protection of the citizen agair.st the encroachments of power and spoilt ion of th? treasury by destroying the limitations which the constitution has wisely impospd upon the legislative departs ment. Constitutions are made to restrain and protect minorities. A ma- jority without limitations or restraints i. v "-r, is a pure acd is in- .it our of Gas Explodes. Feb. o'clock last iiisht the police dppartment was notified that ?n" had occurred at the Duquesne Steel v.orks ani that eight or ten injured men were coming in on the Virginia and Charleston railroad, due at p. in., to be taken to the hospitals. The hospitals were similarly notified and their ambulances were sent to the station to receive the vie- i tims. The. orJy passenger that alighted from the train was John Burk. one of the injured J men. From him it was learned that an ex- j plosion of natural gas licA occurred at the steel works at Frank Ecltin. night superintendent. probably fatally i burned, as was ako :i laborer who caused the l by carrjang an exposed light into the casting pit. Burk was seriously injured. Fob. 5. The Knights of in session y-torday t with the FanwTs'alliance m '.u lion ol' the rate of in per cent, and an equalization of following were ahu indorsed: The electoral reform bill; the Collins lien law; the weekly wages bill; abolishing state contracts; the anti-Pmkerton bill; a bill prohibiting the sale of prison made gooiK. indorsing the action of the state workingincn's assembly; an amendment to the fa. ton inspection laws, and indorsing the action of the general assembly at Atlanta, Ga., on goods made by the Fuller Warren company In the afternoon the conference considered proposed changes in the ritual of the order and decided upon some to be recommended for action upon by the general assembly. An executive committee of twenty-live was also appointed upon the state of the order. Part of the committee's work will be to secure a corps of lecturers, who shall visit each dis- trict in the state and deliver lectures upon important subjects of labor interests. It was also decided that representation in the con- ference should be on the basis established in the National General assembly. The fact that some is to be expended on public buildings in New York city the coming season and the stone for the work is to be contracted for Norcross Bros, of Massachusetts, was also brought up and it was decided to appoint a commit- tee to go to Albany and request the New York members of the legislature to assist in amending what is known as the consolidated act so that public work shall be let only people within the state. The present gathering has been in nature of a conference. The real object has been to establish a state assembly of the order. The sentiment in many districts is in favor of this bat in others it is not. New York city with its very large membership and many delegates it is feared would con- trol the other places in the state. The pros- pect is that the assembly will finally be or- ganized. Albany is a candidate for the next general as-bcmbly. The finance committee reported a per capita on the various branches for the purpose of meeting the expenditures of the sessions of the congress. Pveport adopted. The following officers were then elected for the ensuing year: President, Thomas B. Maguire; vice president, M. A. Fitzpatrick; secretary, Joseph R. Mansion: treasurer, James H. Buckbee. The convention then decided to hold its next annual session on the first Monday in February, 1S01, at Rochester. On motion it was ordered that all district assemblies be instructed to report to the sec- retary of the congress, the assembly, sen- atorial and congressional districts covered by their respective organizations. Among the resolutions passed was the fol- lowing: Resolved. That we demand of the state legis- lature rbe of a law empowering the state railroad to select from among the different automatic car couplers that in their jurigmeat shall prove, a ter suit-ibl trial, to be the b'4st. and sue-h car eoupl Ad- Into tin- the b-i and Tru' The Ui in their d in full. -V of CIcxu-u I VO.sIiingtoii lin- ]Vb. feature of tho l.lilmstoring. The blind l-i aver feelingly alludul to of both i'vci Llairie Tf. 1, to the LA T DAY'S CESSION Of thp I'r< U ii< th" I 1' H, or bij to giii tic to of t K l.i f t1 Mo t ne. T'a- i t'.i- i- not i left i AVI t') 'ill-1 t.1 t lib 1 to o.: WORLD'S FAIR COMMITTEE. The NEW YORK LEGISLATURE. The AVorld's Fair Hill U-! to a In senate yesterday the journal Mr. Fassett ALBAXT, Feb. 5- af ter the reading o: moved to t ike from fhe t ible the world's bill ar.'l refer it to the special committee on the wi" Id'.s fi-ir for amendment. The motion was JL In the assembly Mr. Towne's bill was passed, amending the code of civil pr'v-edure relating to motions for a new trial cases brought about by judges of th" court being taken to form a second divL-ionof th2 court of Icsstn.ir. To the Leajjae YORK, Feb. An afternoon paptr that Mr. James J. tV- of the league baseball grounds, will shortly the grounds to the New York and Xew England Railroad company for a term of niwty-nine years. Mr. Coogan. it is saH. has made an offer to Mr. Day. president of the York club, of soo.oon indemnity for tbp eTpPTse inoirrrd in fitting up the Mr. Day be did pot bow the New York could be fo.rred to their pro-sent prounflf. as the COT- more year. Th? of this Oliio COLOTBUS, O., Feb. At the special elec- tion hel 1 yesterday for represent atn-c in this mty, to fill die varaiy-y j c-dbv <1. .nh of Hon. JohnB. i A. D. llf'.r.T, Democrat, was rle I :t.i All but three I give II.- ".'.'-r a majority, which w J.JfiO by full returns. and say thit in that senatorial district at 1 sppfinl rOc- -tiou to cheese the of f-'ci.ni- r -b'.airn, who d.ed. Hon. John M. 1 wns elected OVT lieb Jr., by 1.000 majority, carry- :i. I ovvr t.c m- 'rivnlo ing: Brown by and Ciermont by 000. Ktinncrs at New Orlenni NEW F-.-b ystor- I! Ih-v-'xxl timo, 1-17. Svon-l race, sellinc. mile: Kinipy ,nl Hu-'lv ran a beat, M.irr-hburn third. r. 1 'J "t." nr.-ofT was bv Senate Bill to Kcported Nineteen Names Added. ALBAXT, Feb. The committee on world's fair legislation met yesterday in the senate chamber yeste: Jay at 3 o'clock to hear argu- for the world's fair bill as 1 origi-nal'y presented. The only speaker v, as I Senator baxton, who asked that amendments l be inserted so that the committee to be named I by the bill would be limited to a certain sec- tion. and that arguments and suits could be brought into court. He thought that amend- ments to this effect would better protect prop- erty and would not hurt the bill. There appearing no other people to speak, the went into executive session. 1 The committee was in session fcr over two hours. from what could be learned the discussion was mostly upon the constitutional character of the bill and then it turned upon i the question of the additional names. The Democrats allowed all supposed to be "mug- wumps" to be stricken out, but would not ogree to the additional names. An adjourn- ment was taken until 8 o'clock. The committee reconvened in Senator Brown's room at The Kenmore at 8 o'clock. 1 There was a long and stormy session, but at j 11 o'clock it was announced that the Repub- licans had agreed to report the bill with the nineteen ad-'ed. as suggested by the j conference Thej- had stricken 1 out the name of Hiram and put in 1 the name of Theodore Myers. They had 1 agreed not t-- :-t th? have any power over of Eightieth stro-t. i The bill to a --prcial order directly after the reading of the journal this morning and, it ib soiil. will be pass-ed. of the minority repeated and the reading of the journal Ieiiij completed Mr. Springer declared that :i had been omitted, but as Mr. M, J-Iinloy was on his fe_-t with a mo- tion that the journal Le approved, the speaker paid r.o attention to the gentleman from Illi- nois, but the loader of the major- ity, w o his first motion a de- mand for toe previous question, 103; nays, 0. A number of Demof-rats. sulticieut to make a quorum were entered on the journal as present and not voting. Ibe journal 163; nays 0, the speaker arranging the constitutiona quorir.'.! in previous instances. At this point Mr. Springer was recognized to ma1 motion to adjourn. The motion was put an-i 114; nays, 01. s laid before the house variou: senr.ti- for reference, among them one t intruding the committee on the -1 imbia to inquire into the con- i t' C .H ration of ti-. I ch'.inl. 'T Britain an-1 It. .an 1 f-rr-cil. -h ct fully the ,.ud Re- 'JL Great 'i "hortt le in f v> as the rm-Ajtariaa minst r ju. Dr. Hcht'.'T en to read, "The allaiy-e of churches of the world." Dr. White the amendment. A vote n. than taVn on the amendment offered by Rev. Dr. White and it pissed, The second of the first paragraph was then tak.'n up and The last paragraph of the overture then taken up and read. Dr. Hall said he hoped God v.o'iid rescue the Presbytery from embarrassment. He said it was stated and again that the missionaries in India can- not bi ing inhabitants to comprehend confession. "I do not said, '-that the inhiibltaiits cannot be made to under- stand wh. n our own people here are so mixed. on the subject.'1 The paragraph which reals as follows was adopted: believe thas there is a demand for such a creed, not as a substitute for our confession, but only to summarize and supplement it for the work of the church. Vv'e would and we must retain oar standards, wbieb' we have as our family inheritance, and as the safeguard of our ministry and our u> stitutions. But a brief ani comprehensive- creed at once interpreting those standards would be welcomed by our churches as most helpful and benefieient for the exposition of what we have meant through all these years by -the system of doctrines taught iathfr Holy Pcripturrs. We want no new doctrines but only a statement of the old doctrines made in the light and in the spirit of our present Christian activities, of our high privileges and our large obligation8: a state- ment in w hich the love of God, which is in Jesi.s. our Lord, shall be central antf dominant.'' The vote was then taken on the overture as a wLoK and it was passed almost unani- Prayer was offered by Dr Hall, and tha loner d'lscustion of the confc-ssion was over- SUPREME COURT BANQUET. a b.ii at of Vr.. i-Inzton fire department. yr. ITT-' 1 -.r-il the resolution was based upon tLe f I'-ii flrt-at Secretary Tracy's house. lie ui'I bfiwever, to imply any cen- sure i p MI u.'irtraent. 3Ir.Dav.e--. 1." ing moved that the senate d to if of executive busi- ne's, Mr. i iai sai.i he had intended asking to take up the bill for the organi- zation of the territory of Oklahoma, but would yW-1 to the senator Massachu- and to-day the senate to consider the bii! fc'i- t-ie organi'ation of a government for Oklril-oma. A Fitting Wind-ap to Centennial Celebration at York. NEW YCTIK, Feb. 5. Tlie banquet in con- nection with the celebration of the supreme court centenary took place at the Lenox Lyceum last evening. Chairman Jaraes Carter of the entertainment committee sided at th3 principal table, where were seated Chief Justice Fuller and associates of the suiyfii.e ct cx-Preadcnt Cleveland, Matihe'.v Hale, pre-ident of the State Bar association: es-Jrd-ze Amoax, C. 5L Depewr Rev. W. R. Hun-.iirgtos. William Allen But- ler, F. R. Coudf rt. Senator Evarts, Mayor Grant, President Low of Columbia colleSB and Chief Justice Paxson of At the other tables sat tha state supreme court judges. Chancellor HcGill of Tcr- sey and many others. Rev. William Taylor opened the ings with prayer. After the banquet j were responded to by Justice KaiLia, tor Evarts. Chief Justice ter HiH of tVorjria. C. I W. R. Kii Chi-f J the Paxson, Wal- Depew. ifot and others. .c-t Passon, in his .ho future will have '-I- There are jp-ave qya.t. 'i Low, of bo- at work to do. fore us. There are disturbing work in our society. There is a he.-r swell under an apparently surface. There is an irrepressible 00-3 1i and capital, v.ith the Anirchl-S" bomb thrott-n. The have been very liberal towards trusts, but the judiciary alone can grapple w ith the serious are-ing out of these and like con-plications. Mr. DCS? wn- he A- find at 5 p that the unfinished busi- 'M.-jntional bill, which he had .'-I [-v tak-n up at but as he would address the vnato v.cnt into arijoumed. secret session of AGRICULTURAL SOCIETIES. Condolence from the O WASHINGTOX. Feb. 5 Tho following mes- sage of condolr-noe was by Serretary Tracy last evening: Mift at Albany ihe Deane ALBANT. and Adjt. Gen. Rrport- S, Feb. 5. Tb0 of Adjt, Gen. Kelt- -a UTOB the mil: tic. force of United has been sent to the It shows the strength of the milst.a of the to consist af 7.0'J7 3T3 enhjted and n.en j. -t izcd. but available for military duty; 214 officers. availables: of tue Distnct of 141 officers, l.CVn mm and avaiiaMGt, making a crawl for the UniieO of men and availaliles. of the states either no regular nui.tia or have nade DO report to the adjutant p- i.eral. Among stalW are Arkansas'. Florida. South Pak- ia and Washington. York is the har.rec militia state, with 743 men and (vV 7. 171. -xr, Feb 4. :t IT ores c.-iH-'ity IT Mr. r .17
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