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New York Times, The (Newspaper) - January 2, 1902, New York, New York _ i, "AH the News- That's fit to Print." THE WEATHER. Fair and not so cold; wind shifting to southeast.. VOL. LI.-. ttO. NEW YOKE. THURSDAY, JAKUAItY 2, 1902.-FOUKTEEN PAGES ONE CENT In Greater IVew York. T- City and CENTO. OPENING DAY OF THE- STATE LEGISLATURE Senate and Assembly. Hear the Governor's AnnuaHfessage. Speaker Nixon's Address Deals with Tax Reforms and Public Protection of Governor's Lifc Suggested. ALBANY. V., Jan. Many State. Senators and Assemblymen had to. forego the pleasure or spentlinsr 'Uie .holiday with' their families oii 'account' of the Constitu- tional provision for the assembling ol the; I.eBislarure on the first Wednesday in'Jan- tiary.. Durins Lhe'duy '-.mansf- bills were-in- in both, houses, Govern- or's anmial'tnessaKe. was. reid.to thc-mera- bors of each "T In1' the 'Senate there was .the usual floral display' on the desks. preliminary -elm.--1 tlo'n had to bo held, the same officer? whn were chosen la'sll year bavins' been selected nt the.Republlean caucus -last .ovtMilns. The bemoe.-'aiic -Senators had' decided not to ,KO triroi'ish the useless form nf pliiclng candi- dates in nomination: The .are: f.f Arms-Charles P.. 'lUniKlitrillng1 of Albany. .Assistant Si-recant ill' Vi'IHiam W.- 'Adams n! A. 'B. Saekett of Canamliiigua; Principal .Door- John' K. Oorss T'onawanda. and First Assistant R. C. Iniol! of Cortland. An unusual 'the Senate's session was i-he-- receipt by Lieut! C-tv. AVoo'lruff of a inaKnitireat basket of roses from C.Mv. Odell. After the reading of the Governor's mes- sage the Senate adjourned out. of respect, to the memory of. "the laie Senator 'Russell. Monday evening: at o'clock. .The Assembly slower to complete Its organisation than the. Senate, as. the fi.ir- mality of balloting for each office was car- "tied out. the. minority, .members. having ca'ndklafcs for every position. Those' c-lect- ed by ihc Republicans' were, as follows: .Clerk; Col. Archie Baxter of seant at Arms. Frank TV. Johnson'-of .Principal Donrkeeper, Jacob Kemple of.' New York; First Assistant Doorkeeper, Andrew Kuhn of -Albany: Second Assist-! ant Doorkeeper? Charles'c. Gray, and Sten-- oprap.'ier, C. 'Lamtnert of lyings. The Democratlc_nomlnatlons werer'Speak- er, Georcre M. Palmer of Schohnrh'. who1 will be' -the minority leader 'on the floor; ClerK, Calvin J. Hutlsonj'of Yates: 'Sergeant at Arms! James. Stevens of Green; Pr'inei- pal Doorkeeper. Kiellanl E. King of Kock- Jand: First Assistant Doorkeeper, 1'olok of New .York; Second Assistant Door- keeper, Philip Duy Of Krle. and Stenograph- er. IrfWls S. Pbsner of N'ew York, The floral disulay In the Assembly even .muiv.tliilir'rfcto. than -In' the1 'Senate. Buck 'of i'he Speaker's "desk rested a mag'-1 iilficent panel, with ;f horseshoe, 1 the s-lft of a few personal friends. Hardly a member was not remembercil. 'nearlv all the desks having at least on them. MR. XIXON'P SPEECH. Speaker Nixon, after expressing- -his thanks for. the honor of 'a. fourth t'onsecu- tlve election to office, referred to the., as- eas'Siitation of President IMcKinley, and. the ..plan- to make' Xadonal laws dealing with Anarchists, 11 A 'State .special punish- ment fur any attempt upon the life of .the Governor might well 'be enacted." he' said. The tlie Speaker's address was. In par.t. as fallows; Aleasu.ros for the improvement of our present tax system which is frequently Inequitable in its practical, operation, should receive our nrist careful attention and con-. eideratigr.. In iniy closinjc before the las; Assembly I sakl upoiivthis sub- 'The most measure before us that failed of er.at-tmt-m -wtis.iiie Tax bill. The .division of opinion on 'the nieastire indicated tliat the subject must be studied, und there must be a of education the people In decide.- wha'q they want. This muvh is certain, that the present .law for the taxaltnn nf personal property is grossly unequal ir, its operation. and miserably inolficient. Vear by yeur the Wfulth of tho State increases, and the pro- Donii-M of personal priiperty on the tax lolls decreases. Worse than that. .it, is the widows andiOrnhans.and eonscicMitli.ius citi-. zcns whose mortgages gel 'On th.' tax rolls. i while wealthier people, bv various1 devices "avoid sueh liability altosi'tlx-r. I that a uniform1 lax- shnuld- be imposed. can be eollfctu'dj. 'alike from all. 1 trust thin public may hu- so crysinlllz-.''! anothfr J.esislaiun.' meets thn.t .a remedy, will he found for the present, unjust and a1 law promptly. the most eminent political economists-m our country advocate' a complete separa- tion of State and local..'taxation.1 on the ground fhat the State Is too large'a terri- tory. .with" justice.-a- tax upon the various counties. '.-'Ml feasible to1 abolish our State tax1-upon land. the -small amount .required by the Constitution (Sec-1 Article VII..) u> make payments on the canal debt, and I hope .to, sec the accomplished .this year.. There a're :plenty of burdens, left for anil- home-o'wners to bear. In the. local taxes for improvements, schools, roads, poor-funds, and so on. Notw'flhsta-ndins the growth, of our State In .population -and weal'th. the an- nual appropriation fur the. support-of the. scliools has. .not ..Increased since 1S1IO. That' year'It was ra'lsed 'JSW.OOO.. and that amount has continued to. be our annual appropriation .for common achools ever since. elc.yen years, that "have elapsed since any incrt-'ase.In such annual appropriation has been cities and..large, villages of the'State-have prown much more rapidly than the so. their proportion of the public money has Increased until- the. amount reeeived'by a rural district now-is less than It- twenty'years ago. when the Slate appropriation .was sT.'-O.lMI less. "This money is distributed by first clv- 1ns: for every teacher employed: The .'liiuh schools-that are .1'iow.found in 'every city and hu-R-e town require a larger-num- ber of -teachers than ever before. The country school imist have one teacher, al- though the attendance of pupils may. have diminished, as is Kencrnlly .the' case. The. result is tha.t less, and less State money to the sm-.ilkM" districts, while -teach- ers' -salaries- have constantly advanced. 'Thus the burden upon the .rural taxpayers increases every year, until many-a farmer is payliiK a--school tux .that- amounts'to more ihtui all-his other taxes "combined, U seems -to me that the growth of the State demands, a substantial Increase In the -common school appropriation, and the -changed conditions, as to the relative num- ber uf teachers employed Rive an added claim in behalf of the weaker .districts. ail believe i-n economy, but TWC I .would not mar-the piorious record of..Xew Yorlt State by diminishinir State 'ai.1 to commoii schools. Our State has the- r.rotul record of being, the first of all the States- to make' an appropriation to support com-" mom schools fur the education of all- the people. Appropriations for this purmse should increase, wjth the jrrowth of the State, with i-snccial aid to the .Interior dis- tricts, where expenditures have Inereaseil, ponuliuloii has diminished nr.d th.> hiuln-r schunl tax falls unon those who toll hard for a limited income. Th'ey build -sch.Mil- liouses and 'raise men in those and their patriotism and zeal for education never fail." I The Assembly llstenc'd to the of. I the Governor's and1 after that the annual appropriation bill was Introduced. After the 'selection' of seats, the. session I was adjourned until olclock j Tho moMmiKo of Oov. OOell IM ItNltOtl O5I 'PlIKQ.H.K.Hlltl nond..M. p., the Irish Nationalist leader; -ar a Nationalist-'demon'stration .'In County -said If. the" Government i postponed 'Irish .land- legislation until iif- would not be sorry, because t'he interval, be used -to raise such a. frame, in Irelandv.'t'hat-' all remnnnts ..of landiordis.m would be burned to ashes. A telecram from Cork to The Times- 1 says that, in speaking at a. meeting- of the local' branch -of, -the TTnited li'lsb LeagMe. Sir :Eusene- Crea'ni. M. P., re-. ferrod to King KtUvard's'. expected visit lo Ireland. He yairl if the Kins ctttne to i they would' hunt him thi'ous'h the (.streets as they did before. 'contract by -the Board- of Public Improve- ments. This department has been under .the.1' control of President Maurice P. Under the new charter this board Is 'abol- j Ished, President Cantor would .-hot say .whether any important Information about 'I the relations which are supposed to. have existed between certain politicians and city officials III: reference to the Rr.mapo con- tract have been discovered. Mr. Holahan was seen at his East Fifty-fifth Street, last evening.. He said1: at the head of a department of the City .Government-Objects t'o-; an1 In-' vestlgation of his actions. In office.- I sin- Ci-rely trust- -that -they will 'examine my books, and 1-will-do a.ll Ix-an'to help'them do it. Public officers' are not placed in jiower.to steal and if'they do they ought, to be punished... If the new Administration Investigates the city-1 departments they are simply-.doing, what' is expected .of them, and what they should us. public servants. do. "I will, also say .that 'if. they, find any- thing-'-wrong when 'they -.finish in- it Is their duty U. let th-> pub- lic know 'ffhout it. On the other hand, .should 'they, find that everything "is all right, why, "they ought to. let, the public know-t'hflt, Mr. Holahan was- tlten. abu'Jt the Ramapo contract. Yes.'.' M replied vehemently, I hope they too. The public never "got the. truth about that, and if they make an investigation maybe .they "My side of that ci'.iostioa.- has been published, tor I' never could get. a'. newspaper to do it-. Yes, let them inves- tigate Ramapo. and I will help them .In sons dt-si red' to become Frenchmen. M. de 'Blowiti! is ar. officer of the of. Honor, 'and a Doctor of Philosophy. cal knowledge ihaiv.l have at th s time. 'THE TWIN SISTER." i By .o'clock the flames had spread i remarkable .rapidity, and it' seemtd as if I ".he firemen would iiot bcable to- prevent part of tile V i sec liiaf 1 have been credited with be- i them from spreading to ever; i theatre.1 Louis-Parker's English Version, of Lud- chief Crokor feared that. If the fire pot wig Fulda's Play Cordially Re- the least headoway the entire block on ceived in London. PiA-l-l to THE NEW. YORK TIDIES. tho1 in LONDON', Jan. lhe ,he of serious purpose arc so' scarce.on the u ,v.ls from, tin; engine room by_a London -stage. Louis. Parker's English.! A little after the fire had spread up stairs, eailng its way to. the stores ad- joining. The 'clothing store -'if1 .Kensori Co.. at East Fourteenth" Street, .was a of flames' In a few. minutes, as svas tliV- cigar store of .Kmanuel Diaz, a cigar ihg in favor of n postal telegraph say that. 1 never express I wish to od myself e, a1 a prompy. tnactrd in the Jaterc-st, of justice as be- tween t'.its.' v.'hb are and 'tliose who Khouljl be taxed for support of the Government. V i -.simply Insict thu.t oil siinuld be- or .nnne. and. the tax .sho.ul'f not he left hlone ujion those least able to pay it. I alsn "thai a small .lax that caa- be -.11 'formly 'col- lected inay. yield -moiv lli-iH a large tax BRITAIN'S LOSS OF. PRESTIGE, f Max Nordau Declares that It-Has Been- Greatly Exaggerated. _ i VORK TIDES' Bpl-c-lar An article.'tn-the' N.ctte I'Yele11 Prosse .by Max N.ordaii is. quo'tcd the -Vienna1 correspondent of M1. Nordau says the Continental ,ets. of evil greatly exaggerate the preju- dice which-Great'Britain has'suffered in her interests as a world, power .by the South African .war. He-declares that the concession to the United States in regard- o the canal treaty was not events in South Africa, .but was rather the re- sul.t of Great Britain's new political-.doc-, trine-of conciliating, her mighty .cousin iit-ross by every available' mean', and. of excluding from the domain, of. political-possibilitif-s a hostile encount- er -with him. ,M. -jiord'au'concludes .with an allusion; to .the dc'.votedness of tho British colonies to the Motherland. every way. in m'y. power. f want1 to say." continued Mr. that I was .Deputy'Commissioner of-! "Public Works, for five, years -prior one of the Indictments brought against the in the .City Government was1 (hat the Public Wnrks'was reekimr with corruption from beginning to. end. .When Mnyor-Strong went into of.ficn'. he'appointed expert accnuntants to examine the office. That examination was conduct-' when Brnokfieid and1 coilis. were .In power in' possession of- office.- It- lasted nine-' weeks., and .it the end of 'that- tlnic tile experts reported to Mavor they hail been unable to find any evidence of corruption or wrong- (Ining In.'th'e department.1 "t will add that the other-departments "of the City Government were also examined :it- a cost.-to the. city, of S.'iOO.nnn. :md the onh corruption they found was in the Reg- Office, where a clc-rk with- 'failing tn turn over, t'o' the City Chamberlain-SI.'27.'. a discrepancy .that on ,'i 'subsequent1 investigation proved to be abso- lutely untrue..1 As-T said, before, T trust that this In- vestlga'tlon will, take nlace. the pres'sion made, on the 'public mind that. Tammany office-holder is n will 'bo corrected in the public version of- the German -poetic piece by Ludwig-Fulda called The Twin produced at the DukO' of York's -Theatre .'last evening, may have a. run: but It Is run -artificial play of an old re- mliuiiTiK ono ancLdevc'lopments of -fi-.Tldan .Knoivles and Westian-l1 Mar- ston, and riot remarkable fnr literavy'.ex- .cellenc'e. whatever the quaHty of its Ger- .mati original may be.. Its fibre, however. 'is incontcstably dramatic. -It .is a hlshly improbable story of a betrayed vrlfe win- ning back her husband's affection by. pretending -to be her 'own twin sister: It is so told1 as to' give 'fine histrionic .op-. portunities to the two prlncipalactors; .Henry Irving-' was- notably success-, j ,.ful with the1 audience in denoting, -the traits and moods .of a stillen .libertine transformed into an impetuous dealer, at The firemen went directly 'to nn effort -to save the ad- and inr.de joining property. j -Chief- Croker, when .he saw th.it-. the-: 1'irc1 was.-gaining such rapid headway sent j In--a third -Iiv the storage roonvln the basement was -j i 'stored a .q'uamity of oils and paints ar.d i carloads, of.scenery, all Inflammable stuff. Tlils burned briskly and the gases and 'odors 'drove the firemen back repeatedly I 'when: the.y tried to1 force their way'to and attempt- to confine the blaz.. th'ere. volumes of upon that subject. I believe in leaving! something'in the industrial llne-for the noo--.1 pie themselves to 'attend to. 1 do ijof be- lieve- in the. Government engaging in all kinds of business. I li .has been said that T an) in favor of a redncllon of letter postage to'j one cent. this point 1 will say that j -the rate would be a. penny postas1-. j but the first want is the best facilities can be obtained. -These sliould be extended j to the fullest extent before, cm-tailing Uivir. t'fficlency by ivdtielna- the. iwenues.- L l.v.-- lieve in exu-nding the Postal Servh-e to the rural dis'iriets; in giving nnd vil- lages and the farming' communities .the benefits of free delivery; which the cllic-s h.Vv... "Fndoiibtirdly many abuses have grown up Iri the-'.Postal Service. A lorp'i.' amount of matter! Is sent by mail should, not be. ftml whichl eosts the
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