New York Times, January 2, 1902

New York Times

January 02, 1902

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Issue date: Thursday, January 2, 1902

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New York Times (Newspaper) - January 2, 1902, New York, New York “ДП the News That’s Fit to Print” THE WEATHER. Fair and not so cold; wind north, shifting to soutlieast. VOL. LI...NO. 16,221NEW YORK, THURSDAY. JANUARY 2, 1902.-FOURTEEN PAGES. /'«1    In    Greater    New    Yorlt.    X    Slsewlia ONE CENT Jewey City and Ifewarlc. $ TWO CBHTI. OfENIHG MT OF Ш STATE LEGISLATORE Senate and Assembly Hear the Governor’s Annual Message. Speaker Nixon’s Address Deals with Tax Reforms and Public Schools— Protection of Governor’s Lilb Suggested. ALBANY. N. Y.. Jan. 1.—Many State Senator.s and A.s.‘“;einblymen had to. forego the plea.'^ure of spentling the holiday with their familici; on account of the Constitutional provision for the as.sembling of the l.egi.«lature on the flist Wednesday in January. During the <iiiy manjf bills were in-trodueed in both houses, Md the-Governor’s annual mes.'iage w’as vwd to the raem-ber.s of eaeh.    ** In the Senate there was the u.sual floral display on the No preliminary election had to be Jield, the .«iame officer.s wito were chosen last year having been selected the most eminent political economists in our country advocate a complete separation of State and local taxation, on the ground that the State I.s too large a territory to equalize with justice a tax upon the various counties. ” It is entirely fea.sible to abolish our State tax upon land, except the small j amount required by the Constitution (Section 4. Article VII.,) to make payments on the canal debt, and I hope to see the abolition accomplished this year. There are plenty of bnrden.s left for the lanuowners and home-ow'ner.s to bear, in the local taxes for improvements, schools, roads, bridges, poor funds, and so on. “Notwithstanding the grow'th of our State in population and wealth, the tm-nual api)ropriation for the support of the common schools has not been increased since bSDO. That year it was raised $‘2r»0,0d0, making    and that amount has continued to be our annual appropriation for common schools ever since. During the eleven years that have elapsed since .any increase in such annual appropriation has been made the cities and large villages of the State have grown much more rapidly than the country, so their proportion of the public monev has increased until the amount received by a rural district now is less than it Was twenty years ago, when the State appropriation was    les.s. “ This money is distributed by first giving .‘¡¡KW) for every teacher employed. The liigh schools that are now found In every t *.    ^    i    r>U*llUi.llS lllcll «IIP I1UV> iUUllVl ill    V at tlie RepuhlicTin rnucMis last e\exnn^. 1 ne    hirge    town    require    a larger num-    . T .    r____.1    *<y-ve    t,-.    »v.-v    I    ,, aT     —    ^    ^    V» Deniocralic Sen.ators had decided not to go through the n.vele,.;s form of placing candidates in nomination. Tlte officers are; rierk—Jaine.s S. Whipple; Sergeant at Arms-'C'harles R. I lou.ghtaling of Albany: As.sistant Sergeant at Arms—William W. Adams of Hornellsville; .Stenographer—A. B. Saekett of (.'.inandaigua; Prineipal Doorkeeper—John E. Gorss »f Tonawanda, and ber of teachers than ever before. The country school must have one teacher, although the .attond;inee of pupils may have diminished, as is generally the case. The result is that less atid less State money goes to the smaller districts, while teachers' salaries have eonstatitly advanced. Thus the burden upon the rural taxpayers increases every year, until many a farmer is paying a school tax that amounts to more than all his other taxes combined. “ It seems to me that the growth of the EX C1TÏ OFFICERS’ ROOKS UNSER SEAL Wrongdoing, If Perpetrated, to be Fully Exposed. RAMAPO TO BE INVESTIGATED Mr. Holahan. Informed that President Cantor Has Called Expert Accountants, Courts a Thorough Examination. One of the acts of Pre.«5ident Jacob A. Cantor of the Borough of Manhattan yesterday was to order that the books of the outgoing officials in all of the city departments under his control be sealed and locked up. President Cantor intends to call in to-day the expert accountants of the (Commissioners of Accounts iind start a rigid investigation of the doings during the last four jejxrs of the officials of the Department of Streets and Highways, the "Board of Public Improvements, and other departments. President Cantor w’ould make no detailed M. DE BLDWITZ RESIGNS? London Times’s Famous Paris Correspondent Will, It is Said, Retire and Be Succeeded by an American. LONDON, Jan. 1.—The Candid Friend says that M. de Blowitz has resigned as Paris correspondent of The Times, and will retire to private life. It adds that he W’ill be succeeded by Arthur Fullerton, an American. Spccia! 10 7 ill' A'ru' York Times. BOSTON, Jan. l.-“Arthur Fullerton,” who, it is reported, succeeds M. de Blow’itz as Paris correspondent of The London Times, is William Morton Fullerton, a Massachusetts man who has been for about ten years as.soeiated with M. de Blowitz, attending to all The Times's work in I’aris except international politics and diplomacy. He Is the .«on of the Rev. B. M. Fullerton, of Waltham, ajid is about thirty-eight years statement about the matter exoe'pt to say he had ordered .such action to be taken as First Assistant l)oorkeeper-^R. C. L)uell of j State demand.s a substantial Inc Cortland.    common    .«ciiool    appropriation. An unusual oceiirrenoe of the Senate’s session was the rect'iiil by I.,ieTit. Go\'. AVoodruff of a magnificent basket of roses 1 Increase In and the changed conditions as’ to the relative number of teachers employed give an added claim in behalf of the weaker districts. •• We ail believe in economy, but we from Gov. Odell. After the reading of the Governor’s message the Senate adjourned out of respect to the memory of the la e Senator Rns.sell until Monday evening at S;:!0 o’clock. The Assembly was slower to complete its organization than the Senate, as the for- niality of balloting for each office was ear- ¡ I would not mar the glorious record of New’ A’ork State by diminishing St|ile aid to common schools. Our State has the r<roiid record of being the first of all the States to make an appropriation to sup))ort common schools for the education of all the j peojTle. Appropriations for this purnost^ ! should increase with the growth of the State, w’itl) especial aid to the Interior districts. where expenditures have inereased, ponulatidn has diminished and tho higher I school tax ried out. the minority members, havingij for a limitée! candidates for every position. Those- elected by thè Rr-niibllcans were as follows: Clerk. Col. Archie Baxter of Elmira; Sergeant at Arms, Frank W. Johnson of Erle;| Principal Doorkeeper, Jacob Kemple of New York; First Assistant Doorkeeper, Andrew K’ahn of 'Albany; Second Assistant Doorkeei)‘*r,~ Charles (’. Gray, and Sten-ograpner, iienry C. Lammert of Kings. The Democratic.nominations w’ere: Speaker, George Al. p.almer of Schoharie, who ■W'lll be' the minority leader on the floor; Clerk. Calvin J. ilnclson of Yates; Sergeant at Arms. James Stevens of Green; Principal Doorkeeper. Riclkrd E. King of Rockland; P’'irst A-ssisiant Doorkeeper. George Polok of New’ Vork; Second Assistant Doorkeeper. Philip Day of Erie, and Stenographer. Lewis S. Posiier of New York. The floral disulay in the Asseml>ly wa.s even more eialiorate than in the Senate. Back of the Speaker's desk rested a mag-infieent ))anel. v.’ith a good-lnek horseshoe, the gift of a few personal friends. Hardly a member wa.s not remembered, noarlv ail the de,«ks having at least bominet.s on them. MR. NIXON’S SPEECH. Speaker Nixon, after e.vpressing his thanks for the liotior of a fourth eon.secu-tive election to office, referred to the as-feas.sination of President AleKinley. and the plan to make National laws dealing with Anarchists. “ A State law providing special punishment for any attempt upon the life of the Governor might well he enacted.” he said. The of the Speaker’s address was, in part, as follows; ’■ Measures for the improvement of our pro.senr tax s.vstem which is frequently inequitable in its practical operation, should reeei\ e <>ur most careful atteni'on and con • gideratior). In my closing before the last .Assembly 1 said upon this subject: ” ‘ The most important measure before u.s i that failed of enaetment W’as ihe Mortgage Tax bill. Tlie di\ision of o]jinion on the measure indicated that the subject must be studied, and there must be a sea.son of education amo:ig ihe people to decid«.- what they want. This much is c.-rtain. that the present law’ for the taxation of personal property is grossly unequal in its operation and miserably inefficient. Year by year the wealth of the .State increases, and the proportion of personal property on the tax lolls decreases. Worse than that, it is the falls upon lho.«o who toll hard ed income. Th*ey ‘ build school houses and raise men in those districts, and their jiatriotism and zeal for education never fail.” The Assembly listened to the reading of the Governor’s message, and after that the annual appropriation bill w’as Introduced. After the selection of seats, the session •W’as adjourned until 8:30 o'clock Monday evening. The niossngo of (¡ол’. Odell is рпЪ-lislied on PuK'es H and !> of this Issne. SPEECHES BY IRISH M. P.’S. Sir Eugene Crean Says If King Edward Goes to Cork He Will Be Hunted Through the Streets. I.ONDON TiMns—New York Times .Sjieoial <^ablt^‘prarn. T‘ONDON. Jan. 2.- A telegram from Dublin to The Times says John E. Redmond, M. P., the Irish Nationalist leader, speaking at a Nationalist demonstration in County Sligo, said if the Government postponed Irish land legislation until 100.“, he would not be sorry, because the interval would be used to raise such a flame in Ireland that all remnants of landlordism would be burned to ashes. A telegram from Cork to The Times says that, in speaking at a meeting of the local branch of the Ignited Irish League, Sir Eugene Crean, M. P., referred to King Edw’ard’s .expected visit to Ireland. Ho said if the King came to Cork they would hunt him through the streets as they did before. BRITAIN’S LOSS OF PRESTIGE, f Max Nordau Declares that It Has Been Greatly Exaggerated. Loxuon T[mes-New Y'ork Times -Special Cablegram. '4.0ND0N, Jan. 2.—An article in the Neue Freie Presse by Max Nordau is quoted by the Vienna correspondent of The Times. M. Nordau says the Continental proph; ■\vidows and orphans and con.scientious citi- | ets of evil greatly exaggerate the preju- zciis mortgages get on the tax roils. Avhile wealthier iieople by various devices tixoid sut'h liability I belie\e that a uniform tax sho’cid be imposed, v.’hich can be (olleeted alike from ail. J trust iliat public sentiment may he so cry.stallized before another J.egislatiire meets a reinedy will be found for tlte present unjust sys'oni, and a law promptly enacted in the interest of justice as between those who are and those w'ho should be taxed for support of the Government. dice wiiich Great Britain has suffered in her interests as a world pow’er by the South African war. He declares that the concession to the United States in regard to the canal treaty was not due to events in South Africa, but was rather the result of Great Britain's new political doctrine of conciliating her mighty cousin a protection of the city's interests. ” I do not claim,” he said, “ that there has been any wrong doing or that any startliiig üisciüsures will be made bv an examination. No one can tell w’hat the books wilt show when they are submitted to experts. The work is going to be thorough, and if there ha.s been anything wrong done it will be ferreted out.” It was stated yesterday that important disclosures would be made by the Commbs-sioners of Accounts of the Low admiiiisiru-iion in reference to the asphalt monopoly, and the methods of doing business in the department over w’hich Commissioner .James P. Keàting has had control for four years. There has been on an average about ÿ.’V.iHio.OUü a year spent through this department, and the prices of asphalt paving during the administration of Mayor Van Wyck increased about l’."> per cent; Anotlier line of investigation which is to be carried on by the Commissioners of Accounts is to lay bare all the facts about the attempts to put through the Ramapo contract by the Board of Public Improvements. This department has been under the control of President Maurice F. Holarfian. Under the new charter this board is abolished. President Cantor would not say whether any important information about the relations which are supposed to have existed between certain politicians and city officials in reference to the Ramapo contract have been discovered. Mr. Holahan was seen at his home, 137 East Fifty-fifth Street, last evening. He said: .“Nobody at the head of a department of the City (Jovernment objects to an in-vestl.gation of his actions in office. I sin-cei-ely trust that they will examine my books, and 1 wijl do all I can to help them do it. Public officers are not placed in power to steal, and if they do they ought to be punished. If the new Administration investigates the city departments they are simply doing what is expected of them, and what they should as public servants do. “ I will also say that if they find anything wrong when they finish their investigation. it Is their dut.v tt. let th*^ public know about it. On the other hand, .‘••hould they find that everything is all right, why, they ought to let the public know that, too.” Mr. Holahan was then askeu .about the Ramapo contract. “ Y>s.” he replied vehemently. “ I hope they will investigate that, too. The public never got the truth about that, and if they make an investigation maybe they will. My side of that question has never been published, for I never could get a new’spaper to do it. Y’es, let them investigate Ramapo. and I will help them in every way in my power. “ I want to say.” continued Mr. Holahan. “ that w'hen r was Deputy Commissioner of Publii’ Works, for five years jirior to 18!>4, one of the indictments brought against the departments in the City Government was that the Department of Public Works Was reeking with corruption from beginning to end. When Mayor Strong went into office he apnointed expert ai'oountanis to examine the office. That e.xaminatlon was conducted when Commissioners Brookfield and Collis were in power and in possession of the office. It lasted nine weeks, and at the end of that time the experts reported to Mavor Strong that they had been unable to find any evidence of corruption or wrongdoing in the department. “T will add that the other departments of the City Government -were also examined at a cost to the city of .S30b,000, and the onh corruption they found was in the Registrar’.« Office, w’here a clerk was charged w'ith failing to turn over to the City Chamberlain .<îl.’27. a discrepancy that bn a subsequent investigation proved to be absolutely untrue. “ As I said before. T trust that this Investigation will take nlace, so that the impression made on the public mind that every Tammany office holder i.s a thief will be corrected in the public mind.” old. After being graduated from Harvard in the class of IHSti, with honors in English literature and composition. Mr. Fullerton became connected with The Boston Advertiser as literary critic, and also did con-sitlerable dramatic criticism. In the same year he went to Europe, and obtained a position on a(j English magazine. Fbr a period he was :in editorial writer on The Times, whl(‘h finally sent him to Paris. Ai. de Blowitz has now been the Paris correspondent of The London 'Times for over thirty years. In that time, it is ^said, he has secured more news “ beats ’’ for his paper than atiy other correspondent of ;iny newspaper. It was he who revealed, in a letter to The Times in Alay, 187ri, the intention Of the (German military party to engineer another invasion of France, and it was he who sent the text of the Treaty of Berlin to T’ne Times before it was signeil. M. de Blowitz W’as born in December. 18’>2. He has sometimes been accused of writing fiction under the guise of new’s, but he himself has suffered, as have few well known men. as the result of fiction written about his origin and career. It has been declared, among other things, that his real name is not Blowitz. but Opper; that he is a Jew’, and that he was born a German subject. Ernest Daudet, in an article printed in the Paris Figaro in 1S87, disj)Osed of these rumors. The famous correspondent is entitled to the name de Blowitz—to that <»f Henri Georges Steithane Adolphe Opper de Blowitz. if he W'ants to use it all—he is not a Jew’, but a good Catholic, and he was not born in Germany, but in Aloravia. Consequently, he w'as an Austrian subject until he became a naturalized Frenchman in the Autumn of 1870 -a time when very few per-,«ons desired to become Frenchmen. AI. de Blowitz is an officer of the TjCgioti of Honor, and a Doctor of Philosojthy. ES RICE Ш HOTEL AND PLAVHODSE BDSTDN’S “VENETIAN PALACE.” Three Hundred Guests, Panic-stricken, Flee for Safety. Morton House Menaced, with Keitn’s Theatre—Chief Croker Alarmed— Fourteenth Street Stores Burned. Mrs. J. L. Gardner’s New House, About Which There Is Much Secrecy, to be a Museum of Fine Arts. ^tccia! to The New York Times. BOSTON. Mass.. Jan. 1.—There is no longer any doubt that Air.«. John L. Gardner intends her “ A’enetian Palace” on the Fenway to be a museum of fine art.s for the benefit of the people of Boston. On Dec. 1 she placed its control in the hands of a corporation, capitalized at made up of $10 shares. She is Treasurer of tlie corporation, and the Pre.«ident is John Chipman Gray. The other Directors are Henry Walton Swift, Harold Jeffer.son Coolidge, I’harles L. Pierson, AVilliam Thomas Sears, and William Ameroy Gardner. The company is officially known as.” The Isabella Stuart Ganlner Museum in the SETH LOW TARES T It’S С Ex-Mayor Van Wyck Leaves the Fenway.” l’resi«lent Gray 'saia to-day; “THE TWIN SISTER.” Louis Parker’s English Version of Ludwig Fulda’s Play Cordially Received in London. Ppooial Cable to THE NeW’ Y'ORK TiMES. LGNDON, Jan. 2.—Because good plays of serious purpose are so scarce On the London stage', Louis Parker's English version of the German poetic piece by Ludwig Fulda called “The Tw'In Sister,” produced at the Duke of Y'ork’s Theatre last evening, may have a run: but it is an artificial play of an old pattern, reminding one in its. plot and developments of Sb- ridan KnovVles and Westlan 1 Mar-ston, and not remarkable for literary excellence, whatever the quality of its German original may be. Its fibre, however, is incontestably dramatic. It is a highly Improbable story of a betrayed wife winning back her husband’s affection by pretending -to be her own tw'in sister. It is so told as to give fine histrionic opportunities to the tw’o principal actors. Henry B. Irving was notably successful with the audience in denoting the traits and moods of a sullen libertine transformed into an impetuous lover, while Lily Brayton’s portrayal of the exceedingly difficult rôle of the heroine has much merit, its lack of force and variety of tone being due largely to the actress’s youthful inexperience. In the lighter passages her acting is really charming J and notable. The scene is laid near Padua, in the indefinite age of romance, and all the pictorial accessories are admirable. The reception given to the play last evening was prodigiously cordial. THE SDCIALIST CDNVENTIDN.'';h.u ail ilioifkl'br,a'!“o'or ,inne,"lini j    the    Atlantic by every available thf la.x .shoultl iM)t bo loft alone upon those means and of excluding from the domain i I>«»'tlca. P«».lbmtle» a hoatne encount- loett^d may siold more tha>i a large tax ' cr with him. that can ’ue easily evaded. 1 trust that you I will take this pro’ob'm home with you and AI. Nordau concludes with an allusion talk it over- with your neig’nbors, and that to the devotedne.«s of the British colonies RECDVERED FRDM LDCKJAW. Ex-Councilman Ghumar Cured by Tetanus Antitoxin in St. Francis’s Hospital, Trenton. j .Spechi to The Л’гх’ У’or к Tinics. of >ou who return here next Jan-    ,    vintberland iiary will come prepared to give it a >    Motheiland- £11(1 just .solution. vvTiT'b'Xne vThrhbh^jf^miil    !    POWERS    TO    PROTEST    TO    TURKEY. ten and every corporation to contribute lo the support of government and public im- | Collective Note Reaardlng the Salonika provoments in exact proportion, as near as 1    ^    r-.____ , may be. to t’oeir ability to make .such contribution.’ •• 'n Pennsvlvania a tax of four mills is levied on money at interest, including mortgage.«. judgments, bonds, and note.s. This | Quay Duties Being Prepared. Loxdon Ti.mes—New’ Y'ork Times Spedai Cablegram. LONDON, Jan. 2.—The Constantinople ta.x IS usse.ssed by county offi(>ers. but    l.UiNlOUiN. ami. xne three-lourth * r.f the revenue derived from t correspondent of The Times says that, on T'nf-iou'r’.h'ffof l'r!!o    !    the    initiative    ot    Great    Britain,    the    e,n- county where the tax i.s collected. This bassies are preparing a collective note law’ has put upon the as.sessment rolLs of the Sta'te (»f Pennsylvani.a valuatiotis of protesting against the exaction of quay monev j'.t interest amounting to about ! duties at Salonika without the previous iTOa.O-MDKtu. In our State the total amount ______ruo if aif kintis of ne^sma! nropt^ty ass^ | approval of the powers I.s les.s than “ Fpon the .luestion of abolishing all direct State taxes, we may be able to t)rofit Notwithstanding diplomatic protests, the authorities at Salonika began levying quay bv the method.« and experience of other i duties on Dec. la. The Amba.ssadors at States. Gonnecticut has accomf)ilst,ed the j Comstantinople have been in conference ot entire s^pmration of State and local tax- | the subject with a view to joint action. ption. New Jersey levies a State tav > if-ficient to produce ?o for each chihl of school age, but iX) per cent, is returned to the county in which it is collected: .so the ci^mount contributed upon a different basi.s ^ not sufficient to cause strife in equalization betw’een counties. Pennsylvania levies ! r>o State tax upon land, but raise.s all its | THE CHINESE COURT'S JOURNEY. LoxDO.v TUiEs—New York Times I Special Cablegram. LONDON, Jan. 2.—The Chinese Court, State revenues from various forms of per- says a dispatch from Shanghai to The Times, arrived at Cheng-ting-Foo on. TRENTON, N. J., Jan. 1.—The ca,se of ex-Councilman William Chumar, W’ho recovered from a severe attack of lockjaw in St. Francis’s Hospital, is attracting w’ide-spread attention among the medical fraternity, and the officials at the hospital are kept busy answering queries in reference to the treatment administered to the patient. Dr. Martin VV. Rcddan of the medical staff of St. Fraqcis .said: ” The patient was given sixty cubic centimeters of tetanus anti-toxine. fifteen centimeters at an injection. There was an improvement within two days, the spasms being less freauent, and the patient being gradually freed from the awful cramp that held him in vise-like grip. Air. Chümar was talking to me to-dav. and I believe will ultimately recover. There have been used in this treatment two vials of antitoxine serum at a cost of .$10 per vial. “ In the case of (^humar, his finger was lacerated in moving a piano, and a tetanus germ got into'the wound. He was brought to St. Francis’.« Hospital quickly, and we have watched the disease in all its stages and been able to do all that medical science knows, and have undoubtedly cured him. Chumar was in the hospital about a week or ten days, during -w’hich lime he was being fed by enema until W’e discovered hi.s broken toothy This we used to a better advantage, as it did not cause the .spasms occasioned by thq first method, although w'c experienced more difficulty in getting the food digested in this way on account of the. patient’s inability to swallow.” Prussia’s Treatment of the Poles, the Boer War, French Caesarism, and American Trusts Denounced. Loxdox Times—New’ Y^ork Times Special Cablegram. LONDON, Jan. 2.—The International Convention of Socialists, says the Brussels correspondent of The Times, has denounced the Germanization of Poland by Prus.sia. Barbarous methods are alleged, and the resolution points out the hypocrisy and duplicity of the governing classes, w’ho show' indignation at British barbarism in South Africa, and yet ap-I prove and encourage the scandalous oppression of the Poles. The latter are ex-I horted to seek protection and economic independence in Social Democracy. The South African war, Agrarian laws, French Caesarism, and the Aiperican trusts are equally denounced by the con-! yention, and the inadequacy of trades ! unionism in England as a social force is deplored. GLOOMY OUTLOOK IN GERMANY. Berlin Papers’ Political Reviews of the Year Display Pessimism. GEORGE GOTJID BUYS PONIES. sonai propcrry taxation. Massachusetts has a mixed syst^'m. as we have a mixed system, bi!t not exactly similar. DIRECT TAX UNDESIRABLE. “ Tt is contended by some that a direct Btate tax is desirable in order to insure economy In appropriations, but I have never di.scovered that it accomplished that * Tuesday, and w’ill continue the journey I to Peking by rail to-morro%y. Oraer* from n Texan Ten More Ani-mnlH Trntne«! for Polo. Special to Tlhg Nczv y'ork Times. Methodist £1,050,000 Fund Assured. LONDON, Jan. 1.—By a special collection taken up last Sunday, which Is .said to have re.sult. Strong public sentiment, a con- j realized £67.0<Ю, and by promises from other scientious Legislature, and a determined i quarters, the Wesleyan Methodists have Executive are far more efficient. Some of practically completed the collection of the Wesleyan Methodist Twentieth Century INDEX TO DEPARTMENTS. Amusements.—Page G. Arrivals at Hotfis and Out-of-Town Buyers.—Page b.    _ Court Calendars.—Page 10. Losses by Fire.-Page 5. Marine intelligence and Foreign Mails.— Page 12. Real Estate.—Page 13. Society,-Page 7. YVeather Report.—Page 9. atesterday's Fires.—Page 5. Fund of 1.000.000 guineas, which was started three years ago. The fund was collected for evangelistic, educational, and Ijhilanthropic work. The Southern’s Palm Liinited. Now York and St. -Augustine. Exclusively Pullman train via P. R. R. and Southern Ry. Luxury of modern travel. Equipped with every convenience. Superbly appointed, and service of the highest standard. Leave New York 12:40 Noon. commencing Jan. 14th. Two other dally trains with perfect dining and sleeping car service. N. Y. afflces. 271 and 1.185 B’way.—Adv. AUSTIN, Texas, Jan. L—It i.s announced that George Goukl has placed an order with J. H. Tappan for ten polo horses, and that the animals are to be delivered at New York next March. Mr. Gould and a party of friends will visit Mr. Tappan’s polo horse ranch the latter part of February and witness the feats, to be performed by the horses which Air Gould has selected, prior to their shipment to the East. Mr Tappan’s ranch is located near San Antonio. The animals are bred and trained on this ranch and are shipped to England and manv distant parts of the world. The training is done by expert cowboys. The animals are of fine-breed and are put through a course of training which develops their muscles and fits them for the sport for which they are to be used. London Timer—New Y'ork Times Special Cablegram. LONDON, Jan. 2.—The political reviews of the year just ended in most of the Berlin journals, says the correspondent of The Times in the German capital, reveal a distinctly pessimistic strain of reflection. The domestic situation, says the correspondent, is full of perplexity, and the fate of the Tariff bill is not assured. In foreign politics opposition has been excited in more than one country by the new developments of German commercial policy and by various phases of the Pan-Germanic and pro-Boer movements. A BREACH IN THE DREIBUND. Deerfoot Farm Sanaaige*. _ With increasing knowledge of the danger to health through carelessly prepared food, consumers grow more fastidious in their selection. “ Deerfoot” means purity, daintiness, cleaiUlness. —Adv. I.ONDON Times—New Y'ork Times Special Cablegram. LONDON, Jan. 2.—The Vienna correspondent of The Times refers to an avti-cle In the Neue Freie Presse, w’hich journal, hitherto a supporter of the Triple Alliance, now reluctantly admits that there is a slight crevice perceptible in the framework of the Dreibund. The alliance IS spoken of by the Neue Freie Presse as forming “ the foundation of our foreign w>ucy.” Fire wa.s discovered early this morning in the engine room of Keith's Theatre, on Fourteenth Street, between Fourth Avenue and Broadway. The fire was di.scovered by J( .-eph Burn.«, the engineer of the Morton House, W’hich adjoins the theatre. He rii.«hed into the hotel and notified the clerk, who .«cut in an alarm from the box in the hot('l. Chief Groker arrived at the fire on the first alarm. Before the companies got to WHirk the fire W’as gaining rapidly, and lipreading up through the engine room to the first floor. Immediately Chief Croker sent In a second alarm, and the firemen plunged tlirough the .smoke and fought the fire from the leading to the cellar and engine room. There was great excitement among the 30«) guests in the Morton House. The hotel rapidly filled with smoKe, and panic-stricken men and women, clad in their night clothes, fled from their rooms, darted dow’U the .« and rushed into the street. The halls and corridors of the hotel were dense with smoke, and the guests had to grope their w’ay to get out to the street. Keith’s .Theatre is a six-story building, and the Morton House Is five stones high. '1 l,ey ar<‘ both practically In tb«^ same building. By 2 o’clock the flames had spreacl with remarkable rapidity, and it seemed a;-; if the firemen would not beable to i)rcv€nt them from spreading to every part of tin? theatre. Chief Croker feared that if the lire got the lea.«t headow'ay the entire block on lYiurteenth Street would be n danger of going up in flames. It W’as learned that the fire started in the storage room adjoining the engine room, li was separated from the engine room by a shcet-iron door. A Uttle after 2 o’clock the fire had spread up stairs, eating its way to the stores adjoining. The clothing store of Benson & Co.. at GO East Fourteenth Street, w’as a mass of flames in a few’ minutes, as was the cigar store of Emanuel Diaz, a cigar dealer, at G2. The firemen went directly to work and made an effort to save the adjoining propertj. Chief Croker. when he saw’ that the fire was gaining such rapid headway sent in a third alarm. In the storage room in the basement was stored a quantity of oils and paints and carload.«, of scenery, all inflammable stuff. This burned briskly and the gases and odors drove the firemen back repeatedly when they tried to force their way to the cellar and attempt to confine the blaz. there. Dense volumes of smoke filled the theatre and rolled through to the M(>rton Hoii.-e. Alen and women did not take the time to ])ack up any clothing, but fled in their scanty attire. They rushed uji to Broadway. many of the women screaming hysterically. They were conducted to the hotels in the vicinity, w’here they were cared for. The Fire Chaplains and the searchlight arrived at the fire on the third alarm. Chief Croker placed the searchlight directly in front of the theatre, but the fire seemed as if it was raging in the inside. The firemen tried repeatedly to force an entrance through to the cellar. If they cculd have gottetn to the basement and poured water on the blaze in the storage and engine rooms they might have been able to prevent the flames from spreading, blit there was imminent danger of the firemen being overcome from the deadly fumes that filled the halls and corridors and all the entrances to the basement. The crew of a Hook and Ladder Company commenced .smashing in the doors and windows of the two stores that had caught fire. The flames had shot up from the floors and enveloped the places. The fire threatened to spread upstairs, but me men concentrated their efforts to save the houses adjoining the theatre. It was feared that the Morton House would be on fire at .any minute, and the firemeh dragged lines of hose thn^ugh the halls and corridors and lought the fire in thè theatre from the rear. All the employes in the Alorton House, as w’ell as the guests, fled from the place. I‘orters, waiters, and chambermaids rushed to the street. Several w’omen in rushing down, the stairs fainted. Everybody got out of the hotel in safety. Three firemen who w’ere trying to stretch a line of hose through the front of the building to play on the flames that were coming through the floor were overcome. One by one they dropped, but were quickly rescued by their comrades. The men overcome are Edward O’Connor, Charles Choups, both of Engine Company No. 72. and Stephen Haley of Engine Company ;>3. Firemen were placed on the stage of the theatre with lines of hose, w’alting to fight the blaze should the flames shoot up in the rear of the theatre. The fire at 2:4.*» A. AI. was still raging in the basement and the cekuir, and there seemed to be no way in which to get at it. The firemen could not get near the cellar because of the fumes of the paints and oils and they w’aited in all parts of the theatre to prevent it from spreading. The theatre, it is said, is fire-proof. In the building at the time the fire was discovered w’ere John Raynor, the w’atch-man of the theatife; Robert Elliott and Arnold Greves. Elliott w’as asleep when the fire broke out. He w’ould have been burned to death but for Raynor and Greves. They dragged him up stairs and through the hall to the street. Captain Woodw’ard, a performer who has seventeen sea lions at the theatre this week, was stopping at the Morton House and he was aroused by the first cry of fire. His sea lions were in cages back rf the stage. Without any hesitation Captain Woodward plunged through the smoke w’lth Greves and carried them to safety. Ravnor rushed back a minute later and succeeded in getting a number of costly costumes and some pieces of scenery. Six more firemen were overcome by the fumes at 2:4.'» A. M. They were stretching in a line of hose on the Fourth Avenue side W’hen they fell unconscious. Their comrades had all they could,do in getting them through the dense smoke and to the street. Chaplain Walkley and a Fire Surgeon administered to the firemen. They were all unconscious. Urgent calls for ambulance.« W’ere sent to St. Vincent’s and the New Y ork Hospital and the surgeons stood by and attended to the firemen as they were brought out. “ Our relations with the State Government are most cordial. ” 'that was all he would say. Air. Coolidge siyd: ” I do not see why ihe pai>crs .«hould noi a.«.ast the w’ork of Air;«. Gardner. The corporation has a definite purpose, which will be beneficial to the city and public. As for details. I am not at lihfU'ty to go into them at all.” The newspapers have shown little desire to ” assist ” Mrs. Gardner, indeed, she called at Police Head(iuarters this atter-noon to protest against the publication of \ alleged descriptions of her to which no news gatherer had yet obiained entrance. The entire work of construction and furnishing has been carried on with the utmost    secrecy,    and it is    her intention to preserve    her privacy until    such time    n.s    i she shall see fit to    unfold her ireu.sures    lo    | the world.    i City Hall Alone. The New Executive Greeted with Courteous Words by His Predecessor Asks the People’s Help in Redeeming His Solemn Pledges. MR. PAYNE CONTEMPLATES NO RADICAL CHANGES. Next Postmaster General Does Not Favor Postal Telegraph Nor Immediate Penny Postage. Special to The Xe:e York 'I'lmes. AIILWAUKEE, Jan. 1,—“ All this talk about the line of policy I am going to pursue as Postmaster General is non.sense.” said Henry C. Payne to-day. ” It wouhi be exceedingly foolish for me to express an opinion on the practical workings of the department without having a more practical knowledge than I have at th^s time. “ 1 see that 1 have been creditejd with being in favor of a postal telegraph, I wish to .«ay that 1 have never express'd myself upon that subject. I believe in leaving something in the industrial line for the people themselvc;« to attend to. 1 do not believe in the Government engaging in all kinds of business. ” Then again, it has been said that T am in favor of a reduction of letter postage to one cent, ritbn point 1 will say iliat the ideal rate would be a penny i>ostag>s but the first want is the l>esi laeilities that can be obtained. The.«e should be extended to the fi’.llest extent before curtailing their efficiency by reducing the revenues.- i believe in extending the Postal Service to the rural districts; in giving the t<»wns and villages and the farming communities the benefits of free delivery, which the citie.s have. “rndoubtedly many abuses have grown up in the Postal Service. A large amount of matter is .«cut by mail Which should not be. and which costs the Government large sums of money. The mails should he lim-itde to their legitimate functions. To what extent pound rates of postafre should be allowed on books and trashy novels I am not prepared to say at this time. 1 don’t know to what'extent the mails are used for such purpose.«, biit officers of the department have informed me that a saving of $1.">,(MK».(MM( a year eouUI be made to the Government by' thinning out the articles whit h are sent through the mails that should not be.” AN ALBANY BANK SOLD. National Commercial, Which Recently Took Over the Merchants’ National, Purchases the City National. special to '¡he Л\тс York Times. ALBAN A', Jan. 1,—Announcement was made to-day that the sale of the Albany City National Bank to the National Commercial Bank had been effected. The sale of the Alerchants’ National to the Commercial W’as made only a few weeks ago. The City Bank is to be taken over at 170. Two-.birds of the stock has been signed to the agreement of sale. The transfer of the bank will be in effect practically to-morrow. The displacement of the City Bank will i work quite a few changes in the force of ; officials and employes of the Commercial Bank. According to what w’as. learned today. Cashier Charles h. Sabin of the City Bank is to enter the Commercial as Y'ice President and General Alanager. Cashier Edward A. Groesbeck of the Commercial having decided to retire some timé ago, Edward J. Hussey, at present his assistant. succeeding him. and Hugh N. Kirkland. Assistant Ca.«hier at the City, becoming an As.sistant Cashier at the Commercial. The capital stock of the City Bank is $.3(V).()G(). Tt was organized in 1S.‘»4, and became a National bank in 18GT». Erast us Corning. Sr.. was President for a long period. In 1890 the bank’s capital was impaired to a considerable extent by the Gould-Whitney defalcation. The bank’s dividends had to be suspended for a long period on account of its misfortune.s, but it i.s now paying .*» per cent, per annum, and the last ‘sale of the stock was made at L’10. IRON AND STEEL PRICES LIKELY TO ADVANCE. Cost of Coke Is Rising, While the Scale of Wages Has Not Been Reduced Recently. Special in The Nezv York Times. PITTSBURG. Jan. 1.—A general advance on all iron and steel products can be looked for. Coke prices for the year were advanced to-day and the wages for the workers will be continuecl on the same basis as last year. Blast furnace coke, which ha.s been selling for $1.83 and $2 per ton, ha.s been pushed up to .$2.2."». Foundry coke was advanced to $2.73. Fully 8,000,900 tons of Connellsville coke has been advanced and contracted for at these prices, this being the major portion of the annual output of that district during last year. A conference was neld to reduce wages during the Summer because so many low-priced contracts had been let. hence the workers will get no advance on the new price, as the reduction was made last year. About 30,0(X) ton.«, of Bessemer pig iron was sold in the last two days at $1G, valleys for future deliveries, «pot iron being worth $18. but the railroads cannot transport it. In spite of increased production the furnaces are sold ahead of their output for the first half of this year. Wire pro«iUct.s have all been advanced, nails going to $2 per keg. and No. 9 plain wire to the same price for car lots. It W’as thought that the starting of independent wire mills would reduce prices. The advance wiU not affect the w’ages of the w’orkers, as they have no organization or scale. This indicates a general advance on all stefel products. Ore from the old range ha<} been established recently at $4.23 per ton, and the Me.saba range operators held out for higher prices. Thev surrendered» aAd the rate of ^..30, the equivalent of old range, was adopted for 1902. Seth Ta>w became Mayor of the City ot New* York at noon ycstcrday. The change iii the guardiarship of the city’s affairs was made quickly and effectively. In less than two hours the eontr« 1 of many millions of dollars of the public money.s and all the interests of and the right to govern the largest city in this country w’ere .suddenly shifted from the hands of one set of officials—those controlled by Tammany Hall, Wiio have been in po'wer four years— to the Republlcan-Fu.sion officials chosen at the last election to admini.«ler them for two years. The chief interest in this formal change Of power centred in the City Hall. Here Ylayor Y'ao Wyck courteously greeted his successor. Seth Low—not yet Mayor I,ow— walked through the crowded corridors while a band played “ Hail to the Chief. ’ Tiiere was sume cheering, which Mr. Low a* knowletigeil by smiling aiut bowing to about him. Thi.« was about 11:50 o’clock. In les.s than half an hour every detail of the transfer of the city affairs by Mayor \'an YVyck to Mayor Low was completed. Then Robert A. Y'an YVyck. a citizen without the res]»onsibility of office, was escorte(l through ;i jnivat»' exit into the corridor mar tlie <'ity Hall stejss. He waa iu*i noticed by any one. He walked with quick step, neither looking 1o the right nor the left, but with his eyes turned toward tlie ground. He wa.s alone. In his walk aeross City Hall Park he was not rect.gnized by even one of th*- hundreds of picple hurrying to the seat of local gov-crnmeni to greet the now Ylayor. The band in the corridor which had played “Hail to the Chief” on the, appearance of Seth Low’, played a dirge .soon after the outgoing Mayor left. The bandmaster declared that there was no intentional slight, and explained that the répertoire. consi.sting of “ There’ll Be a Hot Time in the Oíd Tow’n To-Night,” “ Creóla Belles. ” and “ I Can’t Afford to See My Baby Lose,” had .run out .«o that a selection’ of a more .serious turn was necessary. YVithin the Mayor’s office all wa.s bu.stl« and excitement. The throng of people who came to shake hands with Mayor Low numbered several thou.«and, and in thls»-throng were the men made happy by appointment.-^ lo city offices, ready to ba sworn in. The Mayor’s private secretary, James B. Reynolds, had made needful arrangements so that the work of taking the oath of office by the Commissioners. Deputies, and others was quickly done. The meeting between Mr. Y'an YV^yck and Setb I.ow in the City Hall was very cordial. Ylr. Y'ari YY’yck arrived at his office . soon ati'^r 9 o‘clo< k prepared to end his duties. He spent some time collecting papers, books, an i otiier things. At 11 o’clock the corridors were so crowded that it required the services, of fifty policemen to keep the_4>assage clear so that officials could get in and out of the Mayor’s office. Floral offerings by the score were arriving. Ylany were taken to the Mayor’s office, to the office of President Cantor of the Borough of Manhattan, anti to the office of President Fontes of tlie Board of Aldermen. MAY'OR Y'AN YYYCK’S LAST ACT. The last official act of Mayor Y'an YY'yck consisted in swearing i.n Patrick Keady as Justice of the Court of Special Sessions, Second Division. He also swore in James YY*. Hyde, the law\ er. as Trustee of the College of the C’ty of New Y’ork. Ylayor Van YVyck then announced that he had vetoed the ordinance authorizing the change in llie mai> of the First YY’ard of Queens. The Mayor seemed pleased to announce t’nis veto. This map was denounced as a “ grab ” by several newspapers, and the claim wa.s made that it would give to the Standard Oil Company, the Astoria Fuel Company, and the Calvary Cemetery Corporation land and advantage.« worth millions of dollars. In the veto message Mayor Y'an YVyck said: “ Yly objections to this ordinance arqthat it makes too many radical changes from the present map by closing many existing streets, by opening new streets, and the creation of new' parks.” Seth Low came from his residence to the Cltv Hall in his automobile, and he w’as well within the City Hall before he was generallv recognized. He was greeted at the outer door of the flavor’s office by Alfred YI. Downes, Secretary to Mayor Van \Y’yck. who ushered him into the sanctum. After a short talk and a New Y'ear’s greeting between the two men. many Commi»* sioners-elect were admitted. At exactly noon the door of the inner office was opened and Ylr. Y'an YVyck came but. followed by Mr. Low’, Mr. Downes, and Mr. Revnolds. They walked to the Mayor’s desk in the main office. Mr. Y'an Wyck took bis place behind the desk and Mr. Low' stood at the corner. The outgoing Mayor then said: “ Mr. Mavor. it is my duty and pleasure to receive >'ou and to turn over this office to von. Y'bu come here by right, by the votes of the people, and I most sincerely wish you every success in this office. We all wish vou success. I wish you a Happy New Y’ea'r and that you may have a peaceful and successful administration.” Mavor Y'an YY’vck’s tone W’as very polite, and he spoke with evident sincerity. Mayor I.ow then spoke briefly in reply. Y T Q    i * “ I thank vou sincerely for your kindly ereeting to me and for your kind word.*. I speak for myself and for my fellow-citl-zers and I am sincere when I wish you succès.« in the future. I wish you great prosperity. The burden that you are laying down .«eems to me heavier as I approach it. I am not sure that you are not the one to be congratulated. I take up these duties with the sincere desire to consecrate myself to the welfare of the people. “ To those who are to be associated with me in ihe City Government I want to give a word of welcome and wish them a happy New Year. I want to give my first word of greeting to the representatives of the press and the people of the great City of New Y'ork. I want to say to you that the officials can only do their part and the people must co-operate in order that the i best interests of tbe public may .be con- Bnrnett'« Vanilla 1» Pure. Don’t let your grocer work off a substitute.— Adv. Extraordinary etIlUon of The New Yobk Times on Sunday. Jan. 3. Don’t fail to leave order in adipanee with your newsdealer. See announoament on Page 10. served, and for this co-operation I earnestly ask. I wish you all a happy New Then the new Mayor and the ex-Mayor again shook hands and spoke earnestly for a moment. Mr. Y'an YVyck and his swre-tary then walked through to the inner office and the former left the building. At this point. Just before the crowd commenced to surge around Ma^’or Low's desk to congratulate him. a photographer who was standing on a table shouted out Mr. Low’’s name. Everybody watched the cam era man.    ; “ Stand still a moment. Move your hradr 7 slightly this way.” cried the photographer, and Mavor Low obeyed good-natureaiS>- * / . Ж/ Jr.: ■ .    Li.    ,    *    s.- ;