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New York Times: Wednesday, April 14, 1869 - Page 1

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   New York Times, The (Newspaper) - April 14, 1869, New York, New York                               VOL. XY1I1........NO. 5478. BRITISH NORTH AMERICA. NEW Are tbe Colonies Gravitating Toward tbe United States T Reported Increase of Annexation Sentiment. InoreasB of Emigration to the United States. Special CoiTMpondcnM of Haw- York Tlnm. WASHINGTON, Monday, April 12, 1869. From private correspondence and other rollnble sources, It is proposed to lay before the readers of the TUIBS a brief but comprehensive view of the present condition of affairs In too Rritlsh North American Colonies. The subject presents Itself under two tho growing drttlre for annexation, and tbe alarming Increase of emigration. Of tbe nve colonies three are united, and con- stitute the( New Dominion. Those are Canada, New-Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Prince Ed- word Island arid Newfoundland are omitted by the choice of their own people. Nova Scotia was into the scheme of confederation under a Holemn protest by the people. Prince Edward Island waa offered a deposit of In its pub- lic tronsury on condition that It would Join Confederation, but the offer was declined. The otlivtala of Newfoundland declined to scud a del- r gallon to England to cooperate with those from Ciuiiwla In orranirtng the scliomo of Confedera- tion, aud that colony was necessarily omitted- Tl.n Confederation hoe never worked harmo- niously, The Nova have labored con- Htantly foru repeal of tho act of Confoderalloa, HI fur na tliat-colony Is concerned and the peo- p'oof Now-Brtmawlckhavo manifested a pni-w- luir dissatisfaction, while a majority of them are earnestly devising ways aud means to be re- lieved from a Confederation that has failed to realize the advantages promised, but has mate- rially Inereoricd their taxes. But the rcttl ciiuse of all tlilschnflng under tho yoke of Confederation does not grow so much out of a dislike to the Dominion as a political arruugfincnu It has Its origin In tlie loss of trade aud commerce with the United States, caused by the closing of the Treaty of Reciprocity The Maritime Provinces are now almost wholly deprived of markets. The Ht. John.Rnw-Bruuswlok, Freeman, the editor of which is a member of the Ottawa Commons, says. In a Into Issue It that the United btates Is now our natural market that our Hm- IHT trade with Europe has ceased to be profit- able; that we can no longer build snipe for the English market; that the hopes excited by the ndvocatcs of Confederation have all proved de- lusive that while we afford a market for the liunr.tbe pork, the manufactures and ttie.sur- pliui stock und shop-worn goods of the Upper we vend them little or nothing but hard canh-'-to a grtal extent the very money tee get from Ott, United Tills system of send- ing potxls to the Maritime. Provinces und re- ceiving nothing In return bni cueh rapidly drawing all the money ont uf those Pro v laces. Tholr commerce with England is of a similar na- iiiro. Nova Scotia, for example, buys anniuJly from the English merchants and manafacturem pixxls to the amount of ao.uOO.uOn, while England rweives from her In return ooly lu colo- nial productions. Tho colony is consequently compelled to send over annually an average of flee ami mUlioni of in cash to tncti Uu English balance! agaimtt her. The Lower Provinces have vnst reeourx-ou in flsh, minerals and prod actions of tbe flcUls and forfstd; buc neither EnjcLand nor Canada will buy those nr- ticlos. The only paying market for them Is lu the United Sin tea. lienco the desire, flwf, for a Trtaty of Reciprocity; und, fulling In thim tile growing disposition to unite their fortunes liy political nnlon, nuw ami forcicr, with the Ortut RepubtlCv. Tho practicability of annexation la now eivrn- Crttly ili8cussed in all the Maritime Provinces. Tlio advocates of the measure ore Increasing, not onlv In numbers, but in the intensity of their efforts to accomplish their purposes. In Nova Scotia not less than nlue-touth.s of the whole population prefer annexation to (he States to Confederation with Canada. Tbo Halifax Dally Ketorder, the oldest paper In tho colony, Is an open and able advocate ot a union with the States In preference to Confederation. The New-Glasgow Chronicle, published In the coiU districts of the County of Plc- tou, la an unconditional anuexatlonist. All tbe papers In the colony are freely discussing (he subject, and those only oppose tho measure which have a moiety of advertising and pnbllo printing from the Ottowa Govern- ment. The local Legislature of the oolony will meet on the 99th Instant, and it Is generally be- lieved by the people that. In compliance with their wishes, the subject of annexation will early engage their attention and result In an appeal to Knfland to be released, on friendly terms, from all political connection with the parent State, while, at the same time, a delegation will be em- powered to proceed to Washington and treat for terms of admission Into the American Union. New-Brunswick is not much behind her inter oolony In tbe efforts of her people to unite their fortunes with the Re- public. Hon. J. W. CUD up, an infln cntial member of the local Legislature, who rep- resents the commercial city of St. John, and was elected by acclamation, brought the subject be- fore the Legislature a few days ago4n a series of resolutions, and though debate oa tho question not allowed, yet the fact that a popular member was led to Introduce the subject. Is significant of the feeling In the colony. Tbo St. John Globe, commenting upon tho resolutions was to be and ns Mr. himself the House oblceted U> the res- olution, and It was not put on the notice book. With tbe facts in this resolution affecting  greatest na- tions In the would be removed. Tho Colonial 05 the Iith of March, proposed to the British Parliament to reduce the British troops to the Provinces from HAM to 6.M9; and the London of the isth, only two days later, said i "If the mass of Unpeople (In the North American Colonies) should horeaftef desire to enter the American Unlop, of which than IB no proof or symptom, England will assuredly not lift a finger to pie- Tent It; and unless the masa of the population should dealro It, the United States can have no wish to receive them." Those sentiments of British statesmen and leading London writers afford to the people of the Colonies the most satisfactory evidence that tholr destiny la In their own hands. When they decide to enter the American Union, each Colony, toy accredited Will respectfully Inform the Crown of their purpose, and at the same time send a delegation to Washington to treat for Arms of admission.1 Ths American Government would not onlv ofler liberal terms but would act as mediator between tie Colony and England In arranging, amicably, the terms of separation and Union. ACADIA., Political Dnll-The Qaefcec Ptrtrrwe AM RnlaraUoB Q Repeal la Nora Omr Own TORONTO, Saturday, April The qniet that now prevails in political circles la believed to be omluous of the storm which Is almost certain to follow the opening of the Federal Parliament, when the question of acceptance of the proposition the transfer of the Hudson's Bay territory comes up. The feel- ing of the country Is etrongly averse to tho terms proposed, notwithstanding tho leading journals of both parties fnllv acquiesce In them. It Is thought tiiat the Government will not venture to aoMtt the incondltfohaT acceptance of Earl GXAHVir.i.K'0 proposition, because it Is believed that a judicial decision would be In favor of this country, aud against any olaim of tho Bny Company whutover. Bat as regards the Ministry, they are clearly bound the proposed terms. The delegates, air OEOKOB E. C'AETIEH and lion. W. McDouOALb have been careful not to commit themselves to the prop- osition of the Colonial Minister, and the Premier, Sir JOHN A. MACDOHALD, said in Parliament, Inst year: "We wished to take possession of tills territory, and would undertake to legislate for It and govern It, leaving the Hudson's Bay Company no right, except the right of asserting their title in the best way they could In Courts ol competent Jurisdiction; and what would their title be worth the moment It was known that the coun- try belonged to Canada, and that the'Canadian Government and Canadian Courts had Jurisdic- tion there, and that the chief protection of the Hudson's Bay Company, and the value of tholr property, namely, then? exclusive right of trad- ing In those reglons.was gone forever t The value ol the Company's Interest would be determined by the value of tbotr stock, and what wonld (hat be worth when the whole country belonged to Now It Is proposed to reserve for the Company acres of land at each post or station throughout the territory, and the twen- tieth part of the Fertile Bolt." Tho tone of tho Govornmentjonniala would Indicate, the in- tention of the Governor-General to recommend In his speech that Parliament should accept the offer; and If bo does, then a stormy time niny be anticipated. The return of Sir QEOROK E. CAK. TIKE from Euglimd is aud, no doubt, ho will readily tall In with (be rest of the Cabinet on tho IIudson'n Buy question; but Mr. McDouoALL will not bo hero until after tlio opoiilnKOf Parliament, and If lie. iiiuinbiliiH the view he luvt already expressed, be will not con sout to acceptance of tho tonne offered. In c.ieo of [i dlBiifirwmi'iit bo will bo obliged tnlcnvu the, Cabinet. It U difficult to say, however, lint i-hungiM may come over both Sir JOHN and Mr. MtlKjUGALL. THE QUF.nKC The LoglMlnturo of Quebec, which iiiiido mu-h poorimnnlFCH successful legislation ut the be- ginning uf tbososHlfiu, was prorogued on the Mil inst., mid, strange to say, presented nlnoiy-ftvo bills for llio sanction of tho'Lleiitomint-tiover- nor. It baa disposed of gome Important mattora, aud adopted the best sc bool Mil o by n ny legislature. Where HO little was espoctod, it Is BurprishiK that eo much was done. The Legtala- tiiro shows a Kood record. In spite of nil the squab- bles, but It has been imablo this uosnion to got rid of tho inequality lu the expenditure as com- pared with this Province. For the nontenant-Governor's office coals more tlmn In Ontario; the Executive more Attorney-General's office, H.360; Trcnsn- ryomce, pnbllo works, Ao., legis- lation, aud ths administration of Junticc, Tbls Is enormous, consldenng how mud smaller Quebec Is than Ontario, as regadrs popu- lation, and how much loss should bo required to carry ou tho affairs of government there. COMMRUCIAL DISTRESS. The whole country is evidently In a state of doep commercial distress, but from what cause It U not cany to tell. Business Is everywhere stag- nant, and failures are both numerous and fre- quent. Some huge houses In Montreal have been obliged to snoeumb, and others will follow. The system of forcing gooda.npon the country mer- chants is worse than and the country swarms with commercial travelers. Heretofore the complaint was that over-Importation did {he mischief; but the same thing cannot be said now, for the stocks are by no means heavy. What mukofl tho matter worse, Is the fact of a continuous exodus of the youth of ths country to California and the United French Canadians, merely, but numbers of able-bodied young men in Ontario, who might be to be willing to undergo any amount of hardship In Canada If everything suited them. It Is nol that the country Is unsuitable, but rather thai they do not consider they obtain a sufficient re- muneration for their labor. We have always more than we need of a certain class of Idlers, whose absence wonld not be regretted, but un- fortunately they remain, and others wo canuot well ttpore ore leaving us. AS EMIGRATION MOVEMENT. Something was really needciPto check tho out- flow of our population, aud tno Government of Ontario nave come to the rescue with a plan to encourage European emigration hlthor. Lust session they obtained a vote of tio.ooo to aid emigration, and tho first part of It that they arc abput to spend Islu sending an agent to England, Just two months too late to be of any real ser- vice. If they undcrntood tho business they wonld have acted without dolay after obtaining tho vote, because then their efforts might have been of some avail for this season's emigration. Aa It Is, when the ngcnt reaches England in the course of two wcokH, he will find that he canuot Influence people who bave made up tliclr minds. Of course the great object Is to counteract tho efforts now mode In England to Induce emigra- tion to the United States, but It Is not likely to bo successful. By all accounts the emigration this season will be tho heaviest that has been seen lor many years, but it Is to be feared it will be of tho worst class, as emigration societies in London have been engaged for some time In preparing for the shipping of very large numbers of the destitute poor, none of whom will bo able to help themselves after reaching our shores. They will be sent out by subscription, but on coming here most be a burden upon the country. Our Governments understand very little how to en- courage the right sort of enCjratlon, and there- fore most submit to see It passing away to the Western THB KOTA BCOTIAjr QUESTION. The Bepealera may as well throw up the anonoa. for it lanow 8DDftran.Jj Mr WoMsV flehadatard flght at the first, but M time was given him it baa operated in faron and if to now conceded thathowfllwinHantaquite easily. Eepealap- pears to be killed, and tt la believed that U HOWB IB returned the local Government trfll demand a truce, and the pealen strike their ooloM. Stranger things have happened than a proposition might be made In the approaching session of the Legislature to accept the situation, Mr. HOWB is, meanwhile, on the stump again, having folly recovered from his Illness. The election comes off in ten days or so. i BXTRADITIOK CASES. One HENBT TBAVEBS, who has been living in Chatham for five years, has been arrested, and, on examination, committed to await the receipt of a requisition for extradition to the United States, on a sharge of having murdered PATBICK ROOHET at Springfield, fll., in 1863. The case ap- pears to be very clear, and then can be no hesi- tation In giving him up. He was known in Chat- ham hy the name of Charles Alley. HERAT M. BJLAOO, the allseed forger from Haverhlll, Haas., has been released, as Detective HDTTTKB, upon whose representations he was ar- rested at Hamilton, failed to put la an appear- ance after the prisoner had been remanded twice. It U undeniably true that there Is a charge of obtaining money under false pretences against him, and, having left his wlfs and eloped with a Miss TILTOM, ha will probably not venture to re- turn to Haverhlll. He Is said to be spending money freely at Hamilton In company with Ills friend BAROEHT. who also "left his country for his country's good." AFFAIRS IK ITALY. Week-Ait Active Pnblic Jtfan- The Kinr-A Humbert Aanlvenarf Italy and Talk -The Ooldca Tke Brindisl BoBW-Tke Seaeoif From Our Own OorrwpomUnt. FLOBEJSCE, Tuesday, March As we are in Passion Week no public busi- ness'Is done, at least by Parliament, which body adjourned four days ago, to come together again ou the 19th or April. Tho most active man In these days In the Italian Legislature, and the one who as lunch Influ- ence as any other, Is Hlguor UBAI.DISO PERDZZI. Ho Is one of the most energetic and usnfnl cf Italian public men. Ho In not only Sliidaoo, or Mayor, of Florence, and Member of tho Clmmbor of Deputies, but soiuo assert that his counsels have more weight I ban those of any other man with the Government actually In power. Although not at present In the Ministry, Signer PBEUZZI hasAad, more than once, a place as member of the King's Cabinet, and his practical habits and largoexpcriencc qual- ify him In an uncommon degree for participation In pnbllo affairs. To hisjudgment qultenu much as to that of the actual Minister of Finance, It Is said, IB due the present Improved condition uf the aunnal balance ol the Italian Kingdom. TUB KINO. Tho King will pass the Easter vacation .it Tu- rin, to which olty he lias already gone. Before leaving he gave a special audience to the Count D'UHEDOM, Prussian Minister, and afterward ncnt him his portrait set with brilliants, as a proof of the good understanding which existed between the two countries, and a recognition of thn good otltcosof tills agent during his residence lien.1. A Lrrrm REvoLrrrios. There has been n little revolution nt Hpczaln. Tho Sliuluoo of the town liclug unpopular, tho In- habitants, with various cries, raised an cxoito- mont, whloh continued several noun, with threatened violence. Tlio Mayor, making n vir- tue of nrccaMty, resigned hit pliicu jiint .IH the military force wan culled In. TKINCE IIDMIIKIIT. Although tho Prince HUMIIKIIT him umlilug to do with tho Administration, yet during hix lonp visit to Naples ho has become to thn people of that city and Province'very much like a Vice- roy. With something like a Court, graced by a gentle wife, the palace Is once more the centre of tho polished society of thn ancient capital. Foreign Princes aro ontcrt-nlnod with tlio BAIUO courtesies which tho King IH called upon to i- tond to bis guests, as we have Just had example lu tho visit of the Prince of HADK.V. ANNIVEI1HAUIKH. The twentieth anniversary of VICTOR KMWAN- uEi.'tt accession to tlio throne was uindo account of In vanuui of the kingdom. At Kaplcg n civic erown of gold wns made, and paid for by the contributions of loyal and a committee Is to bring It to Florence, and present It hi their name to the King. At the same time GAinuUDi'B birthday, which falls on the 19th of'March, of St. Joseph, the fiithor of the Virgin, Is taken notice of, and honored In some of tuocltleuby demonstrations of recog- nition. IT ALT AMD AUSTRIA. Something Is still said about a possible meet- ing between VICTOR EMMANUEL and FRAXCIS JOSEPH. A letter written by the King's hand was presented by his messenger on the arrival of the Emperor at Trieste, and that Is the founda- tion for the belief that an Invitation has beeu Klvon to visit Italy. Italian sympathies are strong at Trieste, and General DELLA ROCCA was received with nearly as much cordiality as the Emperor. By the accounts we learn that ths American flag was dlsplsyod on many build- ings, but tbe meaning of such a demonstration Is not explained. AJIEBICAM We have seen lately some articles In Italian journals which show how Imperfectly American affairs, In spite of many Intimate relations, are understood here. Ths seating of the HOW Presi- dent and the appointment ef the Cabinet, have been the cause of a renewed examination of our condition. Men appointed to posts of the first rank, who have never before been hsard of here, Is what pussies most these Interested Inquirers. The newspapers are sure to get eur names wrong, and then go groping blindly on the wrong track after knowledge. The Pertevtranea, of Milan, certainly not the worst informed Journal, says It has looked Into all its enoyoloptedlaa and biogra- phical dictionaries, anfl can find no account of M. HAUII.TOR TICII, the new Secretary of Btate, and successor of the eminent M. BEWAKO. It mokes similar blunders about other men. Not much In formation comes directly to these newspapers, as they have no American correspondents and few exchangee. They got what they can from French German and English sources. It Is their office to acquire a knowledge of geography aud history, and of contemporary political actors. It Is hardly ours to teach them; but there Is room for missionary work. It is common now, even hero, fora good mniiy Journals to hold up tho political Institutions of tho United States as a warning. The more tho Republicans cite our It may bo sometimes without much more active the Monarchists are In stimulating hostility. The Republicans will survive such at- tacks, and are well able to carry ou tho battle, as they have the freedom of an open Hold. WAB TALK. With the opening of Spring Is revived once more the talk of war. For two years those ever ready to sonndthe alarm have piped in the same tone, and yet the peace has been kept. Every- thing Is ready for a campaign, and yet noltlfcr Frank nor Teuton has pat foot In stirrup to move toward the field. Bmce the salt of the treaties of '16 lost Its savor, European Governments, and millions of soldleas, are "spiling" for a fight. Agents are still flitting from pillar to post, and tho curiosity of is kept alive. Signer KIOBA, Italian Minister, AH cone back to Ports, bearing -whatever message he has re- ceived from his Government. Among other changes, Signer CBRBtm will be recalled from Washington, and the Marquis MIGLJORATI, at tqke Ills nluce, ootmtrlei an uniformly friend- ly, a change ol agents, can ban little political slgnlfioanoo. THB Fora's WTODISO. The subscription gift for the Pope's OoBen Wedding come In liberally tram all parts. Don the conductor of tin VnUa OattoHea, is the most active agent and bla llsta fin whole columns of hto llttla newspaper. The Pope's money chest will be largely replenished, and the ship of 8t Peter can be kept afloat until the eth of December. TbehealtlXol Proi IX to extreme- ly good, and he smiles benlgnantly upon the enemies who have so many times shown their eagerness to send him to his final rest, In tbe Kingdom of the ecclesiastics go as far as they dan la hindering whatever may give religious, or rather sacerdotal, prestige to the excommunicated sovereign. At Begglo, on the King's birthday, the Bishop ordered his subor- dinates to take no part In the church ceremonies. Altnon jh such conduct Is not an offence punish- able by law, the of Reggio have used such tbeons as are In their power for retaliation. THE BEJMDISI EODTB. The Commission to see about opening the Brindisl and Brenna route, from to the north of Europe, will meet In Italy on the 3d of April. A great circumstance Is made of what seems to be a small thing as a matter of en- gineering, although great In Its economic Im- portance. A railroad In America would arrange a time-table In a few days for travel such as this, which has employed the combined wisdom of two for three months. It Is probable that the railway across our Continent will be in action gaito as soon as this somewhat abridged route between Asia and Europe. The interest which Italians take In ths project for the transfer ef tbe Indian mail route to roods whloh cross their territory is natural, iis they see In It a restoration of a portion of a long lost truffle. THE SEASOH. Although the past Winter, on the whole, has lioen a mild one, thn Spring m thin part of Italy is much behind. There Is no green yot on the trees In the Casclne, and cannot be, with tho present progress made, 1n less than a fortnight. I have sometimes known tho park covered with a tender verdure a mouth before this. But tho weather has been favorable for the Spring wheat, and for weeks the hill-sides and plains huve wont a nch robe of golden Tlio plnm aha almond trees blossomed sorrowfully a month liock, and now peach and cherry aro prolonging their reluctant flowering. But in spite of the cool weather, we have had lettuce, spmnage, radishes and during tho whole Winter, and tills In a latitude two degrees north of New-York. ELICO. KENTUCKY. C. Breckiarldsn Tntiatonv The Federal Ap- Next genatonhlp, dec. C'orretjmndenfe eflhe if tie-York Times. FRANKFORT, Ky., Friday, April Since lila return to Lexington, JOHN C. ItnecKiNHiiHiK hoe vUlted Frankfort and Louls- vllln. Ho U yet undecided as to what ho will do or where be will go. There Is a good deal of talk about his returning to the practice of tho law, which ho never practiced or understood, but among the knowing It Is surmised that he will go Into tho Kentucky Legislature at Its next ecs- nlon In pluro of PBESTON, who now holds the seat fur Fayette County, but who will give way for 1311ECKINKIUUE. It Is nil a mistake that ndECimnirxii-: In poor and broken, lie Is worth not lend tn-u und his health never so good iw It Is at present. The of admitting iiejrroos to give evi- dence before the of Kuiitueky la being re- vived. Its principal opponents aro JESSE D. limotiT, tho Indiana carpet-bOBKcr, and DICK BTASTON. Governor BTEVEHCON, who lun cypher an to lutlnenco, Is neither for nor against tbe proposition. Hat tne Preen of tlio State Is for tho mciimirr, and It Is likely to bo finally carried. Tlio appointments of General QUANT are net giving satisfaction to the Republicans. At Louln- vjllo nud Lexington the party Is very iliscon- tnntcd. Tho result will bo a diminished Kcpnh- llcan vote this Summer. Among the Democrats there Is also a good denl of trouble. The recent municipal election in Lonlsvlllo gave rise to a break which may prove In tho end disastrous. Tho ward politicians, who hove engineered the pjrty for years, were defeated and a goutlemnn by Uio name of BUNCB elected by.a majority of nearly 600. This Is con- sidered a Republican victory, although the rebels gonorally supported BONCE, who had ull tue uewspaiwra aud cliques to nght. Speaking of newspapers, there are now but two In Louisville, and they are owned by the samo parties, viz.: ISUAM DENDEUSON, W. N. llALOEMAN and HENRY WATTXRSOH. The latter may be considered the luoklest vewspaper man In America. Less than a year ago, on the death of Mrs. PBENTICE, tbe Journal Com- pany made him a present of ens-third of Its stock to Indues him to eems from Kashvllls, where he edited a newspaper, and edit ths Jour- nal. At that time the Courier had U all Its own way, and the Journal was of raos. WATteason accepted, and IB six nonths suc- ceeded In forcing a of ths two pa- pers and placing himself at the head ef tha largest enterprise In the West. Hs 1s sonsldeMd an un- scrupulous partisan, bat a lirs editor amd a good business man, though not yet W rsavs ef age. Frankfort is now enjoylag a spall of Qulat after three months of gaiety aad basfce. Ebe ture adjourned three weeks act- U eontss- Ignorant feat Nothing whatever was ocas that was either Just or liberal. The sawloa has a United Senator to elect, and foremost candidates will be Governor BnvBinofl and Judge Fosmu, ths one a secessionist and the other a violent Bpurbon. Paasroir'i friends are keeping him quiet la erdor to disa- bilities removed. Biacxnninoa oonld be elect- ed, but as he would notJM aduitttd, It would be ont of the question. D. F. S. NORTH CAROLINA. The Beeeat la Alamaace Tke Aatoasr the From Our Own RAI.KIOH, N. C., MoBday, April The recent in Alamanoe County have boeu vory much exaggerated by both po- litical parties. The Standard, the Republican organ, In double-leaded editorials, magnified tho petty freaks of a few excitable young men, dressed In a showy costume, Into a second rebel- lion. The county was represented to be In a state of excitement, the Union, mm ef both races were flying from their homos, aad Uu whole population was frightened almost to death. This was the Standard's account. The Sentinel, a Conservative paper, on tbe ether hand, was equally boisterous and sensational, laying the, whole blame with the Republicans, aad tbatthe entire Democratic Party in theConatr Ala- manoewas In terrible dread IB of the violence of HoumTi militia. Beoent ex- amination shows the whole thine to be a tempest in a teapot. THB IXOBtATTTOB. The Legislature has been in session for several months and, with the exception tke Revenue bill, done abaolatelynothmc for tbe people of tbegfete. There to a general sanse of mdlg- natton, from all political parties, an account of the tardmeas and utter Incapacity of the General Assembly to appreciate aad-fegudate for the In- terests of the people. In either branch, there Is not a single member with sufficient comprehen- sion to pfMf the necessities of (he Iwur. aud to take action accordingly. Every man seems to bave his own particular measure, of a petty na- ture, relaUnc probably to some work of Inter- nal Improvement, whloh he thinks Is all Impor- tant, and most receive Immediate attention, Special legislation for the benefit of Individuals Is the order of the day. General legislation, looldns: to the elevation of the prostrate people. la seldom or ever considered worth a moment's reflection. Aa the result of this state of things, North Car- olina bonds are to-day selling below par and tbe prospect Is, unless something Is speedily that the credit of the Btate will be utterly ruined. A PBOSPXOTIVB DIVIS1OH Dt THJt RKmiUJCAN PABTT. From a recent tour over the Btate. your corre- spondent saw evident tokens of division among the Republicans. This prospective split arises from the Insane greed for office, both parties claiming all the offices. These parties aro com- posed of the native and adopted citizens. Tbe former demand their full share of Federal pat- ronage, while the latter are equally urgent in their demands. The native Unionists refer with emotion to their ceaseless and consistent support of the Na- tional Government. They only ask one-half of tbe positions, and impartial observers will cheer- folly admit that they are entitled to them. The Union men of North Carolina, with their brethren In the South, suffered everything but death, rather than renounce their allegiance to tho old Government, Governor HOLDBH Is a fins speci- men of this elass. The adopted oltizens In tbis Btate are generally willing to do Justly by their fellow-Republicans. There Is, however, a slngle-mlnilod fellow named COOK, a member of the Senate, who U a standing candidate for everything. He wanted to go to Congress, but the laughed at him. lie Is now srazy after 'the Marshalship, threaten- ing all sorts of things If he is not gratified. This foolish aspirant Is troublesome to his friends something mnst be done for him, and( he win probably be elected to a seat In the Asy- lum next term. It Is tho pernicious influence of suoh dabblers In politics that endangers the cause of Republicanism in this State. Mr. CARROW, tbs other candidate for the Marshnldilp, Is a native Bcpnbllran, tried and true. He was of- fered tbe TrcftHurenihlp at tho last Btate Conven- tion, but declined It, He is the mun for the place. en KB a rso The citizens are waking up to tho great and Importance of immigration. All over North Carolina societies for tho promotion of this cause are forming. Several agents have been dispatched to Europe. Swiss colonists already ara nettling near Qoldsboro, and more of thorn are coming. On the Baleigb and Gaston Rail- road there is a thriving village, composed princi- pally of northern settlers. Colonel HECK and Dr. HAWKINS, the President of the road, are engaged In the planting of vineyards. These gentlemen are very desirous of Immigra- tion, and are ready to lend their influence to any Industrious" mechanic or farmer who may desire to coius Lere. _ _ S. NEWPORT. The roBtiasr Number of Alrradr Tabca-TPrepariaa' for a lilve- lr Time. NEwroBT, R. I., Friday, April 0, 1869. The Newport season for this current year of grace Is still In a ehaoUc mass of hopes, preparation and speculation. Hut if wo are to read Its diagnosis from tho premonitory symptoms, we mnst prognosticate a favorablo result Allof which we shall proceed to prove from the foUowlngTacU aad data: the last fashionable Influx was mere than usually large, yot tho rental of cottages up to this date exceeds by one-half tho number at tho same time hut year, no leas tlian two having been taken for tho CUIUIOK Summer. Of these, eighty were rented by ALFRED SMITH afcne, leaving only thirty in the nor could so many eligible locAUona have been obtained were It not for the largo number of our permanent residents who are traveling abroad, and who, remembering tlio plundering of tenantlsss houses a year ago, very wisely prefer to let them rather Umn to leave their homes thus exposed. The prices obtained so far rule tho samo for three-quarters of the property leased, while the remaining fuuith arc contracted for at higher prices. Ho li Is to bo presumed that as tho demand for cottages promises to exceed tho supply, tho loxt corners will find stiff prices and a firm msrkot. Of the hotels It U almost too soon to spoak, with the exception of the Aquidueok, -which, under the charge rf IU eld and we bellere popular proprietor, [Mr. HODOKI, has been thoroughly overhauled, with an addition at some forty rooms, and other material changes, which not but add greatly to the comfort of its igUests. It will opsn Its doors on Monday nsxt for ths re- ception ef visitors, and at this early season will form, a pleasant and sentnd ksad quarters for the and boardlng-plaoe hunters who drop IB upon us by boat and car to find an abiding place fur tho sultry days to corns. Meanwhile the painter, ths gardener, aad the road mender are all busy getting ready for tbe seasoa. Of lecal we have lit tU to beast. A meeting of stockholders of Uta Nsw-York and Newport boats, bsld in this city on last, daddad. By a vste of WH to IM, to authorise the Direotoes of saM Company to sell boats, to the bUdsr Might be disposed to give most for what has at late bean a. loat remunera- tive tkfa IB days sy. It Is mrobabla tkat Mr. FBK, who seems to have a genius for bwyUcanytalmg and everything aaoogb and dear to Interest tots back king, win bsesias tbs pureaassr. If tkls be so, thaa good-fey to eaaap travel and opposl- UOB. Still. If we a three-aellar froM Newport to tne sMtropoUa, we are iacliasd to believe that It would lad a greater amouat ef travel, aad prave a satisfactory medium be- tween the too cheap price ef eae dollar and ths somewhat extravagant figure of M, while the through fare to Boston Is only K. But we doubt If any steamboat line will be a pecuniary success, particularly on sea-going routes, so long as thousands are expended in tawdry, tasteless gingerbread work of paint, carving, lace cur- and gliding, wmle real strength and capac- ity Is but too often it secondary consideration. AKIEL. Tbe RMiKMtloa of the Keepers of the Btate Prison. From Che Detroit Tribune, April 9. At the Interview with the keepers on Wed- nesday, no were given by the Governor or the Inspectors. Governor BALDWTM briefly addressed the men, and stated to thsm that, while be regretted tbe action ot the Legisla- ture, and' did net consider 1600 as a fair com- pensation for their services, still their action In resigning en matte, and without aflbrdlng the Agent or the Inapeoton fair to su ply their places, was' unwortl tended by posltt tve remarks Imlhls vela, Mr. BAUrwra aarareolheia that the Board of Inspectors womld do aU IB taeir power for them, and asked them to resnma werk with this uadentandlnr. The keepers tasn te- dded to comply with bJa request, md personally promised to reran to their plaeeeoa Thursday, andnottoagaui resiira u a manner that could only Jeopard tbe Interests of all parties. It Is understood that the Board of Inspectors will decide to employ them all as guards" and not as Ths salary of the last offlcer Is fixed by tee statute, bat that of the flrst Is left to the Board. .Thar will them establish their salarieaatthe old rites, and by tits means re- move tae saose of the recent dlffleultles. The prison shops are now In operation as usual. Ex-Governor HBNRT a FOOTK, of Ten- nessee, has published In a Nashville paper a column letter reporting the results of Ills nbeor- vutlons during fits late three weeks' Visit In Washlogtun. ID brief It U. that It Is wife to trnxt President OB AST, ami Ihnt It would ln> nn- Witttt tO lifttllll tO lil-1'lt-BlJoljl. JOll.ShlJ.N. OUR WORKING CLASSKS. for IRore in Ihr Nnm- Working Tmt taw Birikce i.iui Their a? To all appearance tbe "strikes" wLlcli l.nvo for several weeks past agitated the laboring classes, and seriously affected seteral Ind'ustilcc, have come to an end. But It Is apparent to Uioso who have more closely observed tho progress of these between capital and ufaeturcr and the Boss and (he this quiet Is deceptive; 11 is tho lull in the storm; the truce In tho battle. The prep- orations for further fighting, wo aro sorry to xny, continue; and unless a wise spirit of compro- mise prevails, this Spring and Bumnirr will be- hold a ronswal of the scenes of luat Winter aud last Bummer. There is little doubt of an Intention on Uic purt of the bricklayers, masons, carpen- ters, painters, and all other mechanics employed1 In the trade, to insist on the recognition and observance hy tbe employers of the Eight- hour Law. There has been observable for along time past a disposition on the part of the em- ployers to render ths law as enacted In tula Btato a nullity. late action of tbe Government, in relation to the non-obacrvanee of Uio same law in tha national workshops hna naturally encouraged tbe employers, bnt inetrivl of dlsoouraflng tbe employes it has served only to arouse them totholi danger, and they are more than ever determined to enforce their rights, evvnif compelled In order to do so to resort to the dreadful alternative, which employer and employe holds In such holy horror, of striking. The workmen also accuse the employers of tam- pering with tbelr trades organizations, seeking to dissolve, or at least impair tho power of thrlr Unions. How true this Is, we aro not to say. It would not be au unnatural mode of wuifare if the employers nhould renort to It; but, like otber short-sighted in war, it would be apt to have an opposite effect from tlio ono which is desired. The agitation of the qncbtlmi In some way has oeEtalnly led to tho rapid IIM! strong consolidation of the Unions in th-s branch of trade, and iilw> to the increase of ih> ir numerical strength. Tho ifoluters Imve amalgamated; tho cariwnters arc In their Unions a largo number of non-society work- men; the bricklayers are doing the. NUIIC tiling, and the plasterers hnvc nearly every their trade eurollnd with their eoflotles ami some of those trades already POHSCSM, lo others are developing, national With less complete and effective. Unions ti .ui they now possess, the bricklayers and plastervrt have by repeated strikes forced their np from Hi to per week. What may they m.r accomplish with Unions embracing nlno-toniln of all tbe workmen of their branch of trade uml an organization extending all over the country 1 What nay not suoh organizations do politically, Is a. question with which wo have nothing to do at this time, bnt It is a vrry significant one Hi it Irresistibly suggests Itself to every mind. In view of the renewal of this conflict it nol be ccrtaluly think it will be employers ajjd ompluj iw tu 11 fleet on tho results of the past It tuuy suggest to both parties that, after oil, tlioro are better methods of ftuttllng differences of tl.H sort than by which havo au linim and direct effect in dunmglnK both parties, v. .1.1 a very uncertain protect uf dlnt.uit (1 THP. PTII IKES OP ivj3 During tho past j ear of 180S tln-ro rc n r i more than a dozen nmne u-ily il hut others entire. ini-liuli'd the lotion, clothing cutters, iron moulders, slatA roofers, rooprrfl and otlu t tlu- largest iunl moat extensive of which tii.it of the bricklayers. Nearly every OIKI of tM..-i) trades societies lost money by the utilk. n, w lulu gains were but partial anil temporary- T u Bricklayers' Union spent ne.irly 130.000 iiiinom y, exclusive of tho low; sustained by UIIVG orf.mr months'Idleness 
                            

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