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New York Times: Saturday, February 6, 1864 - Page 1

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   New York Times, The (Newspaper) - February 6, 1864, New York, New York                               Source New York Times Date 18640206 CityStateProv New York, NY Client New York Times 3860. TWO DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE, NEW-YORK. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 18C4. PRICE THREE CENTiJ IUR1V1L OP TUB ARABIA IT HALIFAX, Maximilian and the Mexican Crown. He Is to Visit as Emperor of Mexico. 5 gcfefeswlff-ilolsteln Question CD- cbaugedt Vtic Runes Expected to Defend Danne AND FINANCIAL. Frldiy, Feb. 5. The Arabia, Capt. UOCKLIT, from LlTnrj.oc'ioa 'tie 33d, via Queenstown on (be the 2lth cy. at this port el one o'clock this aaoniing The r nor the JraAia nro two days later than t the Jura, at Portland. The gratia makes the following report- Passed it e 2Sd of January me etsaeer Persia and the CV-ij.J, bound East. TT K political newt by this arrival Is unimportant r te Fur's Douisa wat rkm arW francs tor BIO n-ntea. LATEST NEWS VIA QDEENSTOWN. Fans, Sunday. Jan. 34. Jofort assuming UM reins of government, trra A. fofidofrj M.L21UILUK will awclttho retuin of the I Deputation, who offered him the Crownof ffnxloo on the 3d of October, frith the Tote of the Notables and the adiaslon of cerlnln cltlos apecrfcd by the Archduke, who demanded that the vote o; the Noubiesoe raUfiad by the vote of the Mexican Councils. m isslon o f lb  1 10 change In {bo-Danish question. Kiel tel> (gram of the tn consequence oJ lie thaw tbe< Danish outposle were ordered to retire on the airlva I of the Prussian iroopt. It Is expected the Danoe defend Dannewlcko the iwt eilremlty. The Prussi an Chamber baa adopted a resolution the policy of Pruuli In separating ttom the oiJier German States, and threatening reaiiU nee thereto. LATEST -COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE. LIVERPOOL. evening. Jan. 23. The Bales to-day foot up Ttvs market closes firmer, bat rates are uncbatgsU. Dull mid uncbanged. y ulrt antl From Halifax. 01 BOUND AND TUB CANADA OUTWARD. H.U.UAX, Friday, Feb. 3. Tbc eUBHih.p at 6 o'clock ifno jaoming wncie she will be due about 12 tomorrow (Saturday) COOD. Amony her pas M. D. FIELD, aad Messrs. Jen E. M. CILUT, of Boston, who hare sadc TBijcrtkCM-iploraUoM of ihejold dlstilcU In tbli They tikefl'A them orer thousand   orators in Cbuicbcrs an trfumut thi wfa? are zottg to alUok the law of" pub- lic en rely You that tbeilaw .Hhlch Cfce- SoTemment a to seize and asjy Individ jal without trial, the a journal by decree, rdir and U.U law Uuj opposition aMack ao a law bo in cccord with tie poUtlcal progrtji iLrciiiuiij. ajii aslntsc: the French 80 aiuchcin truly ke said InoaadcginaUoB trus jfcw tHki lhe. Gorerntient. wblch apcoars to itn juulnau.ito to lit raljOt naJoiaU] be expected LJ icek in auehji corn- not UurtJiist.'Hsroveied, the most powerful of all for Ihn of the law. Jt would Inpoisulr, pertipi, for Ike Gate-m- me u I u> ciaptay 1U onnnoiicAarat to play tLe   Md lfcer nf more larlturn and preoecupUd thaa Ii4irro.tr. Gaaco s frlendsttolonjiir DU dlsappf arid from bti uiua) taunu. e therefore, that the .nd that tt the eatalogu, Ihi- ae cl ILa ;Utj bo IM (j i to- n. -t J.M..I iU it louod scheme had a rery fair chajioe of realization. And If It bad succeeded, Regency would bare been established, for neither the Republican nor the Or- leanlst party Is organized but 10 soon aa one of these parties could organise, and the one tint In the field would be Kepnallcan party, the Regency would been overthrown and tha Republic erected in Its place. all this would bare re- quired about two days. Yesterday >jas a regultf "-fteld-daT'1 In the Lenli- lature. M. evened thu the addrass In a speech which declared to be tbe moit brilliant In hit whole parliamentary career. He commenced by explaining why became back tgaln to political Hfo It the literal decrees of the Emperor In regard to (eglslatlce which enabled him to do so. lie then made an aripeal In favor of still further liberty, nrm the hts'jory of tho different attempts, after pc. oils of to regain liberty, from the time of the first Emprjror till now. It was tho des- tiny of all enlightened r-eepleic eternally seek liberty till they found It. This speech of M. TDJXRS contained all the quail- tlf s which mark tire -effortr of a finished orator method, clearness. clcTatlon of style and of senti- ment, with charmjcrf tllctlcn unequaled perhaps by any orator In Frarico. It was one of those successes which will-draw to the man. It will rerlve the loovenira of fiarllamentanr daje of France, and by turning- people's attention away from tho power of to-day will go to strcnghten the opposition, and especially party to which II. Tniuu be- longs. II. RtnniB, Vtnlaler of Stale, roplhed to M. Tains, end dlf plav'.ng remarkable talent BS an orator, lessened the effect of his speech by tli acrimonious attacke against tho press and the Liberal party. of tho principal defender of toe Em- peior brougbt HI. JTLIB Fivn to his feet, and thle lion of the democracy poured such a torrent oJ argument and sarcasm on the Governmont and lh meesurea asdroTi; Us noisy lor once Into silence. Eut It all BO good. The men who play tfee pitiable rSltot standing up In the Legislature and de- fending the Emperor's measures, are only tools who niter the doctrines they are ordered to utter, and who probably tn their hearts atjmuoh the frlenda of liberty and progress as their opponents. M. ROCKER, Is a Llbernl. If he only occupied a less prominent pedestal tho governmental hierarchy, must have felt the words burn his lips ae he declared that Ills Majesty could not rescind the law of 1852, called the law of public because the press was tuo mischievous, too vindictive1 Other bit, guns were Inscribed to apeak to day- Messrs. BcerrTH, EUILJ OLUTIIR and before the debate on the Address b finished, the va- rious went points in the refime of to-day will obtain by one mean or another, a thorough ventilation. But what will bo the effect on the man at the Tull- erlesT after all, he controls the majority of the Chamber, end can do as he pleases. He knows that Paris is against him, and that his .party at Paris is composed'uxclustvely of office-holders, so that. In fact, he hac no party. Will he finally give In to the almost universal demand for liberty, or rather trust his to the law of "public surety other words, to'tbe power of despotic measures? At pre- sent he sec-us disposed to cling to the latter alterna- tlv r> as the safest but the present bold and menacing attitude el the democracy, I predict, will loroo kirn to change his tacticd. Quite en excitement reigns ct Farlc amonz sport- Ing classes la regard to tne fight or fights which, on accounVf the representations of the b'ecessionlnts, are supposed to be Imminent between the two COD- Hie Florida and Giorgio, now lying at Brest ncd at Ctie buurc, and Uiu two Federal gun- boats are watihlng them. Detf are being wagered and gentlemen have even gone to the ports In question to wait for and to see Uie fight. But there Is no Intention of fighting on the part of the Confed- erate boats, and It is hardly probable that, when they make uc their minds to run cut, the Federal boata can stop them. The Koniteur now publishes twc-or three letters a, week OD American aflalra. wbich In general are not partial. It hac published, also, your lengthy report on the value ol the monitors, exhibited tn lha cl- tai-j of Cummort IH'PCWT on Charleston. ________ MALAKOFF, EXTRACTS FROM OUH AMERICAN TOPICS A BPFrCH BY T UILNKRillUSON, 11 P. The Right lion. T. MILKER GIOBOR M. P., dent ol tne Hoaid of Trdde. addressoJ nls (.oinlllu- ntson the evening ol Jan. 2U, at Ashton-under- Lyi.e. lie matlr lUe following references to Ameri- can affairs regard to tlio Anierkan question. Die GOT- eriiiaen'. olhcUlly is slrlutlv neutral tholt pulley has bean to (Jo nothing and to say nothing a Govern- ment tlMt should favor tne Flensof cither of the con- tending pnrtioi. I think gencrallv thai policy of neutrality has been approved by the country. We Cave been uraeu to recognize the South, to taku steps to bring about a cessation of the re- but formerly, and It is a circumstance which J cannot pass without observation, that tha people iu (Ma part of the Unlieu Kingdom, wboav own inter- would appear the most likely 4o bo pro- moted Dy putting an cud to the blockade, have most desired that our policy should be guldfd by justice and good feeling, with a fair allowance for the enormous difficulties which the Government of the United Slates Have bud to en- counter. [Cheers.] These urgings about America liave not come from the cot Ion districts. I suppose it Is found out by this time that tho cotton districts-have and Intellects, and the power of appreciating what Is just and right in our national policy, and aro not prepared to recommend that this country should take an unworthy course for promoting the pecuniary Interests of the classic which they uelong. cheering-] 1 am one of those who think that at the commencement of this American war, many portions too hastily formed the opinion that It was Impossible tho Lnlon could be restored. The common saying was In many pans of the countrv with which 1 am acquainted, Tiiere Is one thing woatever else happens, the Union cannot be restored." I ntvtr came to thai cuncltuitn. [Hcar.j 1 do uot know whether It will be restored, I can't look Into futurity, but J cannot go tne lenirth of seeing so clearlyibeforo as some, and showing It Is impossible the Union should be re- stored. When the Southern leaders toon up for tit it rtmcmttrtd commenctd (hit war. and it wat tear of aggrttsiiin on when they took up arms for the purpose of compel- ling the Government of the United States to acqui- esce In breaking up the Integrity uf the country. I always felt that the South had undertaken a task that it would be difficult to accomplish. Nothing short of something Jike such a conquest of the NortD BK would compel them to lar down their arms In de- spair w.is llkflly to Induce the Government of that country to agree to separate In the way which waa proposed. But when 1 am told Dy the Southern lead- ers iu taking UD arms was not merely the enjoy- ment of their own Independence, but the establishing rf a mode] slave republic, which tlioulU uer- potuatc trie Institution of SluTcry, ana hold it as an institution which should be chei- d, aud not condemned. 1 then said to rsjielf, if these men are right rnd are going to fui'-ceed In Cftalillshiug tiuet principles ns foundation of a rvcw Eniplre u-'Aai kavt wt bten bout for and ytarM in. preaching and learfi- Hat Slavtry a ajiil that tt grtatut that can Jail upon a country What' II tve P enduavorlQg.lo coun- i.y WHL vihlcii we have corno In contact with our liLfas as iir tne necessity of abolishing the sjave-tiade i.n.1 thtrrlnre I tay Blavcrv alro, because M Slavery In ttuiii the Is not wrong T Well 1C the Jioutlwrr, fciatc, Of America are right by tuidnav- orlnp by loiro o( arm. to entablish> thh model clave Republic. IU n. 1 we nil tieea prerloeclv In benighted beings that tuve loft sight, or not uren aware of the Bieat truth which Mu irsnuHt. aoa others nave tangbl la Southern Suttee of America, tne notmal cou- dltlon of llui neirro, his only prooer. natural In worldIJthalaf shame. Inrnipatln.e 111111.11. rmntioq hetB. ir, tui eru Bissau eicept me growiiiK Of Wi the institution bf Slaiery HUI, nan aald tutl in Houth any rlfDi' Uan been witiibrl.i, or thai wfOHH tw l'rri> i-jlVvtt ureiuriij wt' Mr. DIVIB himself has lauded the Instllu- tlona of the country In reference to the paaq, but has only said fbat In tho future he sees looming that growing stntlmont which will endanger the slave In- stitutions of the South, and which mnst combine to embitter Ue relations between the North and the Houtri If It -went on, and that therefore It was better to separate. Well. I believe myself that one endof this great civil war In America, that one any rate, will be the abolition of Slavery. My honorable and recpected friend Mr. Boiuur is often charaed with wanting to introduce American Institutions England. Well, I say, with regerd to this American war, the South rebelled and raited this insurrection because they foresaw that an English Institution the emancipation of the slave, was about to be Introduced Into their country. It was the resistance to this pollOT of lo tne policy ol England of all other countries In the gare great rise to tills Insurrection. liNOLO-nCBHL V1STVB Or JtTFAIItB IN TDK BOUTD. Tho Richmond correspondent of tho London Timtt writes, under date of Dec. 14 Tne operations of Oen. LOHOBTRIIT against Knox- vllle, though baOled for the moment, uifl mtvitably liad to matmtl and tt u my ttiitf thai Fcdcrtlt tetll not bt left in ttndistwbtd pot tit- lien of Kan Ttnntttet during Wmttr My anticipations that LOHOITUST, If forced to abandon the siege of KnoxvUla, would have no difficulty In getting away unbarrmil, were fully and satisfactorily realized. It la understood that his force Is lying near Rogorsvllle, In Hawkins County. Tennessee, between the Clinch and Hoiston Rivers, and in a country which yields abundant supplies for all his Winter There Is no indiscretion In revealing, what has hitherto keen regarded aa a secret, that Gen. JosxruE. JOHNSTON Trill Immediately command of the army lately commanded by Gen. Bfuoa, and tho relations between Gens. JOUN- CTOH and LONOBTBXIT have always been as nappy as those existing between the latter and Gen. Lie. It Is, as 1 staled at the outset, mv confident belief that upon Gens. JOHNSTON and LONOSTHZIT will fall the brunt of the Spring, and. not Impossibly, of tho Win- ter campaign. I should not omit a word In commendation of the ability, energv, and steadfastness with which Gen. J. E. D. SIDAIT has conducted the arduous operations Intrusted lor the last four montns to tho Important arm of the service which he commands. An oppor- tunity of comparing the cavalry commanded by Gen. WUIILCB and that which obeya Gen. SIUAF.T has taught mo to appreciate the manifest superiority of the latter General and his men. It cannot be dtnttd that tht extravagant tittmatt of the and cajia- oilittit of cavalry entertained at the beginning of tht war, and tiptciatly among tht Confederates, hat long teen found to ot a delusion. Let not the reader Im- agine that the Irregular cavalry of this Continent, whether Federal or Confederate, wUI boar a mo- ment's comparison with the trained squadrons of Eu- rope, or tout HS an item of strength In battle they can be counted on and trustingly employed. It Is as scouts and reporters of tho operations conducted along Hie interminable length of frontier country now devastated by war that their chief utility Mrs. It passes, I confess, my wit discern how, con- sistently oven with his own view of tne truth. Presi- dent LINCOLN can so modify or distort this resume of the military incidents of 1603 as to employ language which, In his recent singular Message to Congress' has flowed from his pen. What does he see to justi- fy him In talking about pardon to who laugn either at his mercy or his severity, and who have in the field pieces of artillery, and moro than a quarter of a million tried and baruenrd sol- diers T No Federal army has ah yet succeeded in getting far away from Its waicr base t their enemy has constantly moved upon an inner and con- cealed line ol communication. It will be pomblt next Spring lo throw Oen. Long street info Georgia ar Virginia at a moment's notice, and without the knowledge of kit opponents. Early In next year another ImDoriant link In tne in- terior line of railroad communication connect- ing Richmond with the South will bo finished, and Danville, In Virginia, united with Quccnibor- ough. In North Carolina. The Legislatures of each State In the Confederacy have recently been In ces- sion, and have dissolved, breathing and slaughter against their hated foe. In the Legislature of North State which, of all others. Is held to be most deeply imbued wliti Union sentiment was a motion for offering to the North propo- sals for pence upon the basis of independent State action, but only two members voted for it. The Fed- erals have. It is true, what tho lawyers call pedn pas- testw In but it has taken nearly three years to-glvc tliem a gain of little more tlun one hun- dred miles, Intei set-ted throughout their length and breadth hy two convenient navigable rivers, and in the end the nentlment of the large majority of the population remains bitterly hostile lo them. All the best and braveit of the Arkdnslans are fighting in the of them, like Arkansas' adopted son, Gen. in the army of Gen. cause, out of a population scarcely hun- dred thuiuantt touls, ofwhom one-third art tlavts, then are not found men enough to hold tht soil against afrie scattered Fedrrals, it ts that Arkan- sas loyal lo the Union FHANCK, SPAIN AND MEXICO. From the Moniteur, Public opinion in Mexico, which had seen with rc- erct tho coolness of the relations with Spain, has been very well satisfied with the successo( trie recent diplomatic negotiations with the Cabinet of Madrid. The Regency has just published the result In the fol- lowing note from the Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs to M. ABAOTO. for Foreign Affairs MADRID, Sept. 17, MoNHiEra Ilrr Majesty bus attentively read tuo Im- rurinot communication whltli jou to me. In order to make me acriu.ilntecl with the events tvhicli taken piace m Mexico smro the occupation of tlie capitil by the Franco-Mexican army In ac- koowledclnf: the reception of that comuiomc-illon, lam cbariccdby Her Majesty to etpruti to you the deep and sinci-re, interest which iihc takes in the fnte of your coun- try. tin1 conlial and constant desire she feels to ave Its prosperity anu grandeur mcieiue, nitlimit Her Maj- esty having any ideaof Interfering, either directly or ifiili- ifrtly .in llie interuttl affairs ot Memo HI r llitjeety. puiiled by ttioeO RCntimenU, iirdently deslris lo an end put (o tliu intestine disturbances which continue to -allllci Mexico, und would be happy to see the Hrxicani united in utie national idea, sucxeid in founding defin- itive (inrl stable stale of things which would allow the European nations, which Interest themselves In tne fate of Mexico, lo combine their efforts, and coiitiibute, if pos- slblo, to restore Mexk-o the nnrt happlceas boa lest fur si> many >ears. Kereive, etc. MARQUIS DC MIRAKLOKE3 Krbel Kntcrlng NHTJ. From tkt lloslon Journal, Feb. 1. The detachment of relict prieoni'rs, nearly three hundred in number, who arrived from the West last evening. In charge of the Chicago Zouaves, are now on board the United States receiving-ship OAio, un- der from the preliminary preparations for service In the tvavv ot tho United States. The men generally aro well plejsed with their new quarters, and mani- fest much delight at the prospect of warm clothing and an abundance of rations. They were divested uf their butternut" uniforms this morning, winch were cast recklessly into the stream, and after being- treated to a generous bath, they were sup- plied with the bright blue uniforms of the Union navy. Many of the men were very scantily clad, and they were also remarkably filthy. Nearly one- third of the whole number are foreigners, the Irlsb and Germans predominating, and they are chiefly from Tennessee, Virginia, Georgia and Alabama. They are evidently unused to the northern climate, from the ilmdderlng expressions at the storm this morning, but with comfortable clothing and an abun- dance of rations, which have been so rare during- their servtro In the Confederate armies, they will have little disposition to complain. The majority of them aro comparatively Ignorant, although there are a few well educated and intelli- gent among them. One of the latter, a Tennesean, talked quite (reely upon the situation" of affairs in rebeldom, as far as his Knowledge extended, lie confirms the numerous reports from the South, that the people were heartily sick of the war, and are anxious for peace on any terms, and he has not the slightest doubts but CBiao'N whole army would de- sert In a body If the slightest opportunity was offered. When told of-the new call of the President for half a million of men, he said that (act, even if the number were not raised, would severely dampen Hie already declining spirit of the Confederate leaders. lie characterized EKIQO as a merci- less tyrant, with very limited military abili- ties, and extremely unpopular with his com- mand. He said that Ihe superiority of Oen. GHJMT over UBAOO was generally ackno wredaed In the Western rebel army, and the men In the ranks are anything but enthusiastic 10 fight against him. Added to (bis, the men in BBAOO'B array aro poorly olnd and fed, mud tnelr anxiety 10 be made comfort- able when within our lines more than overcomes their patriotism and hope for success. One nf them, on being asKed why they did not skedaddle, replied there was no place to skedaddle to, for It they found their 4vay hnioe they were Immediately conscripted, and, if not shot for desertion, they were cent back Into the army. Their orriy hope, lie said, Is when tUey within the Union lines, and he would re- peut the fact thut an opportunity for escape In this quarter M all that Is dec.rod by UBIUO'B army. Another detachment, as large as thu one already ar- rived, is on Ibe and will (irobaely to-day or WXLSII and G CUE IB arrested tfuee teamen btlonglnp lo the bark Greenland, ar- med to-day from New-Or Jeans, on a charge) of mu- tlur. They were taken to Ihe United Blatea Mar- office. Tliflr mmes art-Iiiym Bwajuiy, Av INTERESTING FROM THE SOUTH. _L SPIRIT OF THE REBEL PRESS. TUB EFFORTS TO RECRUIT T1IE ARMIES. STEPHENS' HEALTH IMPROVING, Tho following extracts from late Richmond papers illustrate tho tono of Southern sentiment, and the dcaperato eUorts which tho rebel aro making to recruit their armies BPmiT OP THE PRESS. TIH PRIB1DBNTIAL ELECTION. From tht Richmond Examiner, Jan. 39. Lenp Tear brings round again in the United States Ihe turmoil and excitement of a Presidential election. Events of fearful weight and Importance have passed In the Interval which has elapsed since wo of the South descended Inlo that arena and took part In the struggle. They have made a hideous jnJ bloody gulf, which blocks up all return to the feel- ings and the interests which swayed ua then. Yet, as II bears upon the prospects and the vicissitudes of this ruthless war, wo must look with watchful ncas and curiosity upon the recurrence of that pe- riodical struggle for place and power. Although It Is difficult to penetrate the dark curtain of the future, and to discern exactly how our own wel- fare may bo affected by the political complexion of the United Status, ytt it is evident that the whale solu- tion of tht mighty question whickafitatts the continent may hang upon tr, and scarctly possible that it will not be essentially concerned by it. LiacouTa term draws rapidly to a close. Already If Is counted by months Instead of years. The political cauldron Is beginning to bubble, and expectation Is aroused to see what form will urise from Its agitated depths. Caucusei. conventions, resolutions, platforms, and all that par- aphernalia which is adroitly managed to form and guide popular which In representative govern- ments lakes the place of courtlypomp, raree-shows ana military display in monarchical countries, are In full vogue. The Democrats present resolutions of patri- otic adherence to the Constitution, and, Imitating the lllack Republicans In their fondness for anniver- saries, fix their National Convention for the Fourth of July. Chicago Is Ihe place, perhaps, under Uie Idea that It is lucky. LIKOOLN Is by no means dis- posed to give place to any other candidate. Atone time it might have been supposed that he would dis- pense entirely with the formality of an election, and re I.ilu his scat on tlie pretext of the necessity of BO doing untl! tho lenninailon of the war. To do this would require tlio cordial support of the army, and the soldiers will naturally be dis- posed to ruslst lha exclusion of their own favorite chief. The United States have readied that stage In tno progress of the war when military talent asserts Us supremacy over all others. Tho favorite of the army It, therefore. LINCOLN'S probable successor. In his own Cabinet, too, there are rival claims to his own. Tlio subtle intriguer. SSWARD, seems to have had his day. Though a powerful agent in exciting the war, his Is not the temperament fitted to "ride on the whirlwind and direct the storm." CIIABI Is the most powerful of the civilians, and lie Is the favorite of GEBILEY and tno Radicals. Official Influence and corruption vvill, of couret, be brought to bear In favor of the different politicians, yet military popularity Is likely to override thorn all. It Is hard to forecast the effect of this election upon the progress of the wnr. It Is sale to Infer, however, that-any change will be beneficial to the South. LIN- COLN and his party are go Irrevocably committed, to, and Indlssoltibly linked with, the continuance of the war, that we can hope for no peace from them save by utter exhaustion of the means of prosecuting it. If they are driven from power they will become em- bittered opponents ol their successors, even if they should adopt a wnrliKe policy, and will prove a for- midable obataclo'to Its successful maintenance. Although a military President might be supposed to be naturally warlike, it by no meuns follows. Un- willing to imperil his reputation, and, like most sol- diers, more sensible to the evils of war than blood- thirsty politicians, a General in power would proba- bly seen an accommodation. At all events, the ele- vation of a new man would remove the medley of fanatics and rogues who now close every outlet 'rom the present calamitous war. If not immediately op- erative, It would, ai all events, give eoine ground for tne hope that both the Confederacy and the United States, as well as humanity m general, mlprit be re- lieved from the misfortunes which the most shame- less find obstinate wickedness periltlin heaping upon Diem. KXKUPTINO FARMERS. From the Richmond Whig. The question of subsistence, both for our peopln and our armies, should never be lost sight of, what- ever, may be the urgency of increasing Ihe number of our men in the field. We me pleased to see that a bill has been Introduced In the House by Air. SMITH. of North Carolina, proposing to revive the privilege of substitution an far ua applicable to those who, pre- vious to 1st January, 18H-1, were engaged in raising subsistence for man. Negroes left to themselves wilt not make their own support. They will bcrome con- sumers, Instead of producers, apart from rji eater In- juries they would commit, from the utter demoral- ization that will ensue, especially where they are In large gangs, If relieved of me restraint of their Thi country now full of deserters ami stragglers, biding in our anil swamps, and in many instances confederating with negrois in marauding upon planters. Remove the planters, and the country will sntm become an tasy prto to demoral- ized tuldiers and skulktrs, and to negroes who uiil tit- ctm.r rapidly rebarbariantzed. We would suggest, in extending this privilege to planters, that It be required of every one so tierapt- cd. that he shall deliver to the Government, promptly and in good order, a certain proportion of the sur- plus of his crops. He thus become more useful to the array than If he carried a musket in ths ranks. THK WORK TO DE FJERFORUXD. Prom the Richmond Whig. Jan. 18. The work we have at present to perform Is almost Immediately before us. A couple of months or so witness the resumption of active military opera- tions. To place tht old mtn and boys in camp at this ttaton, in the midst of the inclement Winter, would prove destructive of tht lives tf perhaps half of them, and tht other half would be of little or no effective ser- vice within the period required. They cannot supply Ihe places of robust absentees, rsllroad aad provost guards,   for the want of blankets and shoes, but the people and the Gov- ernment have come to their relief, and complaints lime ceased. Any wav, naked or not. Lc.tQBTMikT'a men are plucky and stout enough to drive the enemy to within four miles of Knoxvllle. aa the reader will by referring to Ihe column of telegrams. BUEJICT FOR AN HISTORICAL PAINTING. From tht Richmond WAtg, Jan. 27. Enquirer the is nameless here lor up the Confederate Constitution for waste paper. Mr. MIMUIXOIB picking up Ihe pieces to print flftv cent Confeile rate notes on. Framers of the Confederate Con- stitution in the backcround, fitting on mour- ner's uench, wiping their weeepinc on illustrated cotton pocket handketcnle's. Iictilled editor of Indepeudent paper, dressed In uniform of artillery private of Confederate Staler, going out to be shot as a deseiter for not spelling Lib- bvtr. preceded by a band, claying When this Cruel War is Over." Unembarrassed in the shape of a slx-horte coach, with the drag-cham broke, being backed try a stubborn muto-dowr u sleep hill Into the gulf of despotism. Mr.Oi.-fl looking outof the coach-window, und nnyl, bf pejt mall fjom Jfiuicif." TV oils (made out of lard, at a and impended In the Commissary Department. THE BEDEL CONGRESP. dRBKRBi.CKS FHOSOIUnKD. From thi Richmond Examiner, Jan. 23. The following bill, to bo entitled "An act to prohibit dealing In the paper currency of the has passed both Houses of Congress. H originated In the House of and was amended In the Senate, by lha insertion of the words italicind In the first section. The amendment will, of course, be concurred In by the House. The act will, doubt less, receive the approval of tha President, and the country will then be relieved of the pernicious effect! of a traffic which It Is surprising any person profess- ing to be Identified with the South should ever bare engaged In: 1. Tht Congress of the Confederate States of Amtri- ct do no broker, banker, or dealer in ex- change, or person concerned in trade as a merchant, or vender of merchandise of aay description, or any Other person, except untlun tht lints nj the tntmy. shall boy, sell, take, circulate, or In any manner trade in anv paper currency of the United States Provided, That Che purchase of postage stamps shall not be con- sidered a violation of this act. 2. That any person violating Ihe provisions of this set shall be subject to Indictment and prosecution In the Confederate Court bolden for the district within which the offence was committed, and shall, uoon conviction, forfeit the amount so bought, sold, circu- lated, or used, or a sum equal thereto and shall be moreover subject to a fine ol not more than twenty thousand dollars, nor less than five hundred, and be Imprisoned not less than three months, nor more than three years, at the discretion of said Court; and It shall be the duly of the judge of the several Con- federate Courts to give this act specially in charge to the grand jury. 1. That this act shall not be construed to apply to any person acting In behalf of the Government of tho Confederate States, by special authority from the President, or any of the heads of departments. THI AGRICULTURAL 1NTIBKHTB AND TDS NICKS- BUY FOR RKlKrORCKHINTS., On Jan. 2T, while a bill was under discussion >o relieve from the operation of Ihe non-substitute law farmers and planters engaged, In tho year Ibfl3, in agricultural pursuits by their own labor or In su- perintending that ot others, under certain condi- tions, Mr. CnAMBLiBS, of Virginia, said the agricul- tural interests had received leas favor than any oth- er, but he feared the danger of thii enlerlng-wedge. The best bill that could be adopted would be to put more men Into the army Instead of taking Ihrm out. The best currency bill that could be pasted, would be one to increase the army. One victory at Ctilcka- mauga would do more for the restoration of the cur- rency than all the bills that could be He would go as far aa any one to lavor the agricultural Interests, but we had lost New- Orleans and Norfolk, and Gen. Lie had lost the fruits of his far tht want of mtn. What good would be accomplished by exempting farmers and planters. If we have no country to culti- vate T Unless an army teas got tn thtfitld, and that spsedtly, he would not tint a great for all the bills that were pasted. If the bill under consideration Is passed, the act repealing exemption by substitution would be a mere mvtb. There was a great outside pressure, and all felt It, yet U was a melancholy faci that we had never regained an inch of soil from the tntmy, limply from tht want of men not because tht agricul- urat intrrtst had not bun properly attended to. Mr. HiLTOHsald the bhldld not propose to exempt agriculturalists generally, but only those who bad substitutes in Ihe field. Mr. CuAKBLiasnald he would never, nnder any con- ceivable circumstances, vote for a bill to exempt that class from Ibe military service. It would, he thought, be unfair to thoie who, after having oeen in the army for three years, wore made to continue In Ihe ser- vice, while there were those outside who had never smelt gunpowder. It waa unfair to discriminate be- tween the farmer who had a substitute, and the man- ufacturer who had a substitute. Mr. flALnwiri took the ground thM the bill was ne- cessary to protect the vital the country. He admitted that we ought to have moro men. but to stud mtn into Mr army without supplying them with food was to send them out to starve. He wanted to give nobndy exclusive privileges, and would use the farmer only as he could be useful lo the country in tins crisis. Those who could render more service by being In the army should be there. The morning hour having expired, Mr. C un- moved to go Into secret session, which was carried. SLAVJT.8 KICAl'TURKD In the House of Representatives on Jan. 24. Mr. BirnHBriALi, of Mississippi, offered a revolution, which was adopted, requeuing the President to Inform tlie House what steps have been taken to carry out tno provisions of the act ol Congress of the 15th of Oc- tober, Ib02, in relation (o the arrest and disposition of slaves who have been recaptured from the enemv, and what number of depots for their safe keeping have been established, and whether public notice has been given m the newspapers of their arrest, as pio- rloed in said act.------ THE RERBL SEABOARD THE APPREHENDED ATTACK ON UOD1LI Fiom the Richmomd Whig, Jan, 25. Apprehension exists at Mobile thai the city Is threatened with an early attack by the' enemy, hi connection with Ihe statements of late United States papers that a secret expedition left New-Oilcans on the 30th of December to operate against and Ihat an Intrenched camp Is to be establirhed at to facilitate operations when the rainy season The Mobile Tribune says Information has been received Ihat extensive operations-arc on foot at Ship IMand. Heavy transports have passed along the Atlantic coast southward for some destina- tion not slated. The Tribune appears to be 50 welt natlstied1 of the Intentions, of the enemy, that It assumes U a duty to give warning, and urges the removal of non-combat- ants, that city may be lift as much posslolo to the figjulng men. As opcrnllona of any magnitude mus t necessarily be suspended ID Virginia and Tennessee during tan Winter months, tho probability Is that Is as likely to be attacked as any other point on the coast. The purpose of Ihe enemy Is to sgaln bisect the Con- federacy, and the possession of Mobile would, no doubt, be desirable as a necessary preliminary, and as a base of operations for cooperating with the de- scending column from Tennessee. Should these apprehensions be well founded, the city will -very probably be subjected to an attack both by sea and land. Whatever msy be the enemy's Intentions, we are pleased to learn thai, If they are resisted with tolerable spirit, no doubl Is interUJneU of their re- pulse. Mobile Register of 22d says Commodore FAKBAODT was reported al Pensa- cola, a, few days ago. with nine vessels. It now ap- pears that FAUKKIQT has left Pensacola for Mew- Orleans. Tlie scouts on ths coast near the Perdldo reported, some days since, twenty.three vessels steering east- ward, and their supposed destination was Pensa- cola. No such fleet has gone Inlo Pensacola. The movements of Ihe enemy are quite mysterious, and so far his purposes are not developed. Whatever they may be, the country will be glad to learn that our mllltarv authorities are Baking all preparations and arrangements, on the hypothesis that an early attack on Ihls city Is contemplated." THE TAX IN KIND, from tht RicAmond Whig, Jan. tt, Agreeably to a resolution of the House of Re- pretentatives, the President has transmitted lo that body tt communication furnishing information rela- tive to the collection and distribution of the tax in kind, from which we have btan enabled to obtain tome details of Interest. The value of the aggregate tax collected thus far, estimated according to the rates established In Vir- ginia, believed to ba lower than In any otner Stale. Is The value of lax collected In Vir- ginia Is 99 in North Carolina. 32 In South Carolina, 23 In Georgia, 200 79, In Alabama 70, In Mississippi, 31 in Florida, 3D In 02. The emeniei or Ihe collection thus far In Virginia ts 3 8-10 TH per cent, on the of the whole Ux a net value of 72-10 after deduoi- liig all expenses, including rent, erection of buJlQlnjs, transportation, hire of laborers, etc. Uf the tax collected thus far are bushels of corn. buihels ol wheat, bushels 61 bushels of jve, J5.115 His, of rice, and Ibi. Of WOOl. There have been Issued to the armj bush- of corn bushels ol wheat; burtjels of oats Of rye JPJU pounds al and P9.un.di Hi woul.______________________ neiieans, In army of Oen. JonwsToir, held an sm- thiulsstlc meeting In front of their quarters and unanimously adopted the following reiolmlon The officers and men of Orlgide do this day rcsolre that they will retails! for tKt de- termini never to lay down their arms antll their homes are retcned from tha enemy, and iae Coc- feOciJicy Is permanently established as one of nalWns of the earth." Irf order that there might be no doubt of earnestness, each man sitned his rrarae to tha lion. At tuis time rueh sctlon on Use part of our noDlr- furnishes a happy suguryot the nm- eessfiil l.ttie of our unprecedented struggle for Independence, nnd Is eminently worthy of the resolution of thanks whim unanimously passed tho House of IteprrsenlatlTes Saturday. manlfeitatlon of a spirit   about to expire. N THK CONSCRIPTION LAW. KIH IS ITR IIICDTIOH. From tht Richmond HAif, Jan. 20. In response to a resolution ol tho Iluuse of Re- presentatives, the President transmitted a communi- cation showing the number of officers and men, In- cluding the police and mounted guard, employed In executing jhe Consrription Law, In Virginia. Nortk and Bouts Carolina, and Oenrgia. These Stales are under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of ConjerloUoB at Richmond. The number of officers iq the four flutes engaged In Concrlpt offices snd cimps of Instruction, are 107 number 'of officers. Stale officers and soldiers In tne Enrolling Department, number of ecu- scripts engaged, number of inrgtons, assistant surgeons snc physicians, 98, msKlog In tha aggre- gate. The number of police and mounted guards included In the above, are l.Jlfl. The ttgrrgnte number of officers and men engaged In executing tne in Virginia, Col. J. C. OBIJLM, Commandant, Is 943 In North Carolina, Col. Psrna MALUTT, Commandant, 670 In South Carolina, Hal. C. D. MILTOR, Commandant, 219, In Georgia, Maj. CBAB. Hitsia, Commandant, 7bl. GREAT FIRE IN COLUMBIA, a C. lUUE.fBZ DESTRUCTION Of COTTOM. The town of Cotumbn, South Carolina, waa visited recently by a most destructive conflagration. The grcuter part of two entire so'iares were con- sumed. The .SoutA Carolinian imvs of the loss The total Iocs of the any, ts estimated by one of the gentlemen most interened, is u follows Two thousand seven hundred bales uplands and eight Hundred bales sea Island, (of which two qualities about slsht hundred bales belonged lo Gov- stored la Ibo sheds of Messrs. BLAXILT Co. say five hundred Dales uplands and islands, stored in the sheds of Hears. Giants 
                            

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