New York Times, July 20, 1860

New York Times

July 20, 1860

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Issue date: Friday, July 20, 1860

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New York Times, The (Newspaper) - July 20, 1860, New York, New York VOL. 2755. NEW-YORK, FRIDAY, JULY 20, PRICE TWO CENTS. [A WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE. TLc Tentonla at Thla Port, and Connaught at Bt_ Johns. the Sailing of the Princcof Wales for America THE PROPOSED EUROPEAN CONFERENCE. Tbe Sicilian Fighting Near leuina. DAY Di LONDON, The Hamburg steamahJp Teuionia, from Hain- fcurg, trU Southampton, on the 5th lust., arrived at tfcli pert yeaterdmy. TVe fteamshlp Connmufht, from Gal way llth, ar- rtred off St. N.F., at I o'clock reitertlay aflemoon. Cwuvfht met with an accident when sixteen bourt out from Galway, the piston working through of her cylinder beads. Her greatest ran Inane day wu 331 miles. She tailed for New-York at 3 P. Tka Royal Hail steamship Jfiaftra, from Boston cut Halifax, arrived at Liverpool on the 8th. TIM rteanuhlp Bttumtax, from Quebec, arrived at Londonderry on the 9th. Thd fteanuhlp Africa sailed from Liverpool for New-York on the 7th. The newi (i generally unlmporUnU Tbe tianifer of the mall contract with the Galway lUe to the Canadian Company had been concluded, mad the steamship Nortk Bntan waa to leave Liver- pool of the 13th Inrt., with the malls, and proceed to Quebec eta St. Johns. This service la to be fortnight- and the Galway steamers are to alternate with fbe Canadian steamers, touching at Londonderry as present. The Prince of Wales embarked In the Hero at Ply- mouth for Canada on the 9th but, and sailed at ti o'clock on the motnlag of tae 10th. The'Channel accompanies him as far as Cape Clear. Two additional unimportant failures of leather traders bad reported. Tie acquiescence of all the Powers In the proposed WM considered cerUln, and It will be tveld in Parti during the month of October. The will be represented by their ambassadors. Nothing further was known as to GiUBALCfg movements against Messina. There were reports of fighting near Messina, but lacked confirmation. The proclamation of a new Constitution hid been received with Indifference at Naples. Tbe Royalist forces for. Uie defence of Messina were cosoputcd at men. The ScidUin Ambassador to France had reached Turin, The Papal Government had released the political prisoners in the Romngna. France had notified the Turkish Government of her tsUeatiOB jointly wltb other powers to atop the cre of tbe Christiana In Syria. The Bombay Mall of June 7 had reached England. Lord ELOIH and Baron Oios had quitted Galle for Ouna. Ninety boxes of specie from the wreck of the Hal- bad been recovered. The Bombay Maruets were stagnant. Freights were lower. At CetenUsk freights were unchanged. The Melbourne mall of 17th of Mny had ar- rrrwd. The commercial crisis at Sydney had abated. Only two additional had taken place. The New-Zealand news U unsatisfactory. There were ilgns of the Insurrection there spreading, BY TELEGRAPH TO GALWAY. I'ASJS, Wednesday. The UiHutcur announces that the Leglslatlf will be prorogued till the -Ut of July. VrsmA, Wednesday. The report that the Austrian Government IntenA to com tract a new loan It without foundation. DETAILS BY TUKTKUTONIA. The news by the Tcutonm is no later than hail been previously received, but she brings London journals to the day of sailing, In which we find addi- tional details of Interest. THE SIClLIAiV REVOLUTION. LKTTKR THOU GARIBALDI. following letter from Gen. to the Chairman of the Central Italian Committee, In Lon- don, has been published COMEDO GIIKIALS DSIXO ESISIITO PALXBMO, June 24, I860, i Sia One of our fifends suggests to mu Uiat In tng befoie your Committee trie urgent need that we nave of a flotilla, It would be possible to obtain a couple of steamers armed with Armstrong guns. We have already so many proofs of the sympathy and ef the generosity of tbe English towards us, that I nave ventured to make this proposal to you. Will you convey lo your worthy coadjutor the ex- pression of my most lively gratitude and that of all Italy? From your devoted, G. G THC CRISIS IN ITALY. From Ike Pans Debala. Tne Italian journals confirm another piece of new s which was considered the presence of MAZIISI at Palermo. But no great Importance can be alU'hed to that fact, now that the schism between CAJJBHHI and Prince Di TOSUAUA no longer ex- ists. GAS.ii.tL9i has decidedly convoked the electors tot the 16th lost., to vote on the question of annex- ation to Piedmont. Universal suffrage Is to decide tbe question. No Parliament will bo convoked, as was at first believed and stated, by persons little ac- quainted with present GiajBiLm Is in a hurry. As for his desigi.s, universal suflnue, judges promptly, deciding ay yes or no, and wastes no time tn beailng me enoleis harangues of rlvil speak- ers. Is undoubtedly far better than a Parliament In which ail parties might openly propose and advocnte their own solutions In H riu-h it wouU DC necessary to spend weeks and months In to the einres- ston of hopes and regrets. Wnile a decisive act Is being prepared In Sicily, the Turin Chamber of Depu- ties openly manifests Its reptignauce to any alliance with Naples. In the sitting ot tbe SMlti ult., It heard wtih unmistakable favor too of Its members, natives of Southern Italy, M. MASCUII and M. that their experience allows tbem to place but little faith tn the concessions of Naples, and who certainly hare better reasons than others for denouncing (hat Government in no measured terms. ex- claimed M. MA.TCI.II, King FiAxcia II. now Implore-, PUdmontto form an alliance, and not a montn ago H. CABATA accused Count CATOUB of being In league with a pirate snd filibuster M. MAHCISI adjured the Sardinian Cabinet w declare that It would repulse overtures of the Neapolitan Cabinet, and to uo 30 m terms as outspoken as diplomatic usages permit. INDEPENDENCE DAY IN LONDON. Of MKSKRS. DALLAS, LAYAKD, DR. UACAY, STO. anniversary of American Inde- by the American Assocla- y at vhe London Tavern on Of July. Abont a hundred gentlemen sat down to a sumptuous recast at 7 o'clock, underthe li" the compa- Mr. B. Moran, Secretary to trip Tnornton Hunt, Mr. J? R. BsrllPg, of Nsw.Vork, Mr.1 N. CtoeJuy. Dr. Dodfe.IIr. KeUora, Jlr.T. H.wksworth, Mr Tsv- lor, Mr. Purnlsa, Mr. Everltt, Dr. Cant Tucker, Letters of regret for unavoidable were annoiinoed as received from Hon. Robert C. Wlnttarop, Speaker of the House of Represcn- tetlTes) and tfenator for Massachusetts from J. Lo- Urop Motley, the hlstorUa George Peabody, Esq. Bates. Ejq. Rlgbl Hon. UUner Qlbson John BUf M. P. Ruwell SturxK Esq.. J. 8. Morna, Esq.; Mr. Alderman and Sheriff Phillips Hi. alderman and BherlirOabrtel, tr. In respoBdJr.f to loart, that al) who were present were well aware of the pocuJlai and onlversal respect with which this anniversary was treated by their In the United States, and the kindly principles of their Government and devoted patriotism which were Inseparably associated with Its remembrance. The 4th July was the hallowed birthday of a great an epoch Il- lustrious for the exhibition of human virtue, and last- ingly auspicious to mankind. He might gratify them by; dwelling In detail, as he had often heretofore done, on the ennobling characteristics of those1 early heroic days. Even In this capital, none would Uften with reluctance to the repadUon of such names as WisHisanm, f great FBASKLU, JiyruJOB. MiuiBoit; or of the description of famous fields of fight, such u Punker Hill, Yorkto wn or of tne majestic deliberations of counsels, such as the Continental presided over by HAXCOCK. To the ear, at least, the music of that welcome themo never had and never would lose Its attractions. Mladful, however, of the limits of a. proper reserve, he would only and, that toe spirit in which they celebrated those revolutionary times was neither ungenerous nor exclusive, but that, on the con- trary. that spirit would be warmly manifested whenever and wherever similar excellence waa exhibited. Tbe hearts of hrs cbuntrymm expanded to embrace true greatness) and magnanimity In every rank and in every race. lCneers.j At this moment, In a somewhat distant [tremendons a spontaneous and voluntary Insurrection against oppression, cruelty and wrong, had awakened a wide- spread sympathy, f Renewed cheering.] He forbore making a single comment upon that move- ment, but If there were found among the champions of Sicily's rights and liberties Ja wise, disinterested, just and brave deliverer, who connected the heroism of the present hour with the heroism they were com- that man was [Tremen- dous cheenog, amidst which three cheers for GABI- BALDI were proposed and liven.] The Chairman I hen gave The President of the United Stales." [Three times three.] Hall Columbia." Trie next toast was The proposed by tbe Chairman, and received with enthusiastic applause. Gcd sare the Queen." The Chairman, In expressing the thanks of the Association to Her Majesty for Uxo loan of tne mag- nificent portrait which adorned, the walls of the room on that occasion, read a letter from Col. PHIPPB, at the command of her Majesty, In reply to an Invitation to her Majesty to allow her portrait to be taken by an American artist- The letter, after expressing tbe gratification which bar Majesty expe- riences on receipt of the kindly sentiments of tnS citizens of the United States, slated that though her Maiesly's engagements would not admit ot her sit- ting for an original portrait, her Majesty would be most happy to give every facility for the copying of any portrait already painted. [Cheers.] The Chairman then gave "The Diplomatic Ser- vice of Ihe United coupling with U tne health of his Excellency Giosos M. DALLAS. Mr, DALLAS, in responding to the toast, said, the diplomatic service of the States embraced a roll ot eminent statesmen, Including the FsAnuins, the PIMUIIIB, and other Illustrious names, from the Rev- olution down to the present time. The reason why their fellow-countivmen played so conspicuous and eminent a part In Europe was, that they came from a free country [cheers] and were sustained by the support and kindness of the American people. [Re- newed applause, j Mr. proposed the health of the Chairman In a few eulogistic remarks. The toast was received with honor and duly re- sponded ID. The Campbells are coming." Mr. FAIJJJT proposed the neat toast. He said there were Englishmen who felt ss much pride and plea- sure at the great nation on the other side of the At- lantic as Americans themMlves. It must be remem- bered that at the time of the American Revolution there was here at home a large and popular party wbo never believed this country Bad any right to tax the colony, and who struggled to the end against It- [Ap- plause.] Tbe very but speech delivered by the Earl i of CBATBAH was a protest against that principle. I [Hear, bear] After a few remarks upon the present aspect of National Independence on tne Continent, and a warm euloclum on the character of Gen. Giij- BiLDt, he gave National Independeace, the pathway to tnitlvUual liberty and happiness. [Applause.] There's a good time coming." Mr. A. H. l.iTARD, tn responding to the toast, said be pitied tbe man who did not rejoice In the inde- pendence of America. The sentiment wss one with which all present mast necessarily sympathise, but yet there was none perhaps loss practically enforced. It was right of all nations, to be free of foreign rn- and to nationally inde- pendent. There, but two nations really ta f the true 'England and America and (he former Mare so, oven, tttasisAe was at ires- I eni by arisoUalon of .a large body of Uie UtteUl- i tent of the working classes to the suffrage. [Cheers Happily Ihe principle of national liberty was spread- Ing among all clvluzed men, and there was reason to hope that a united Italy would soon take Its place In the family of nations that had successfully asserted their right to rule thami elves. [Loud cheers.] With-. uut doubt thi> would be tbe Issue of the present noble movement, If foreign Intervention did not prevent H, and he trusted that England, at all evetrts, would be uo to so dishonorable a proceeding. (Hear, Mr. of New -York, In an eloquent speech, proposed Tbe alike the offspring and expo- nent of civilization and progress." Dr. MACIIT responded. A really free Press, he 1 salo, was of very modern date and a free newspaper pi ess existed nowhere but In England and America. 1 In tbe course of a hundred years he anticipated It would free everywhere [cheers and meanwhile the free Piers of these two nations was exercising a wondrous Influence for good all over the world. It was a treat blessing for England, he believed, that America achieved her freedom. [Hear, near.] The people of America fought for the principle that taxa- I tion apart from representation was tyranny, and the people of Erglsnd were now about to fight for the sane principle In the House of Commons. To morrow night the battle would be begun, and It was devoutly to be hoped that the triumph would be speedy and complete. [Cheers See the conquering hero comes Mr. M. K. KiuGfia proposed, The American As soclatlonln and coupled with It the name of XI r. TUOISTOB Hunt, who, in responding, stated that Ihe object of toe association wai> to cultivate a friendly feeling between Englishmen and Americans, and Jo relieve destitute citizens of the 1'nfted fifty ot whom had been materially as- sisted during tbe past year. Gen. VAiiAnaiia gave The American and British Mercantile which was responded to by Mr. Moiiif, Secretary of Legation. Mr. CS.OSKIT begged permission to glre a toast which was not on the Chairman's Hat, and proceeded to eulogise Gen. GIEIBJLLDI, whose health and success to his enterprise lie concluded by proposing, amidst rapturous enters. The Chairman of the Garibaldi Fund announced Ibat be had just received a letter from tbe General atklng for two ships manned with Armstrong guns. Mr. BAILSY next gove The Free Institutions of England and the United the seeds of liberty thiouahout the world." Dr. MICUOWAH responded. Tbe remaining toasts were The Vice-Presldent of the Association, Mr. and "Tne whlcn uere duly honored, and the companv sepa- rated about midnight. THE MASSACRE IN SVR1A. from Beyrout to the ZlaliilL slate that tho reinforced by hordes of plundering Kurds and Bedouins, tmd attacked the town of tbe last refuge of itie Christians. The town was entirely burnt down, and Christians were murdered. 1 Dtelr el Kamar, In consequence of Uie inhabit- ants having been unarmed, was plundered and de- serted. Other sets of IncemlUrlsm, pillage and murder had been bv the ami" Lebauona. It WM sam toat the children at the school Malahala ha4 been killed, notwithstanding they were under the protection of the French flag, and that the French Corsul had sent to withdraw the children from the Catholic colleges. military reinforcements had not ar- rhed at Beyrout. _ FUNERAL OF PRINCE JEROME. lltf Pan, Correipondenfftke London The funeral of Prince JHOMS, like all splendid spectacles, attracted a (great crowd. The day was nne, but somewhat sultry. The line of the proces- sion ultimately decided tbe Rue Rivoll, Place de la Concoide, and Pont des enabled the greatest number of people possible to have a gooa view of Ihe gorgeous pageant. The Tjllerles gaidens, which It was for a time feared would be closed, were open as usual, and the terraces which command the Place de Is Concorde and line the railing of the Rue Rivoll, were closely packed from an early hour. The Place de la Concorde lt- leU was not 10 full as 1 have often seen It on an Il- lumination night but still tbe troops and National Guards were nemmea It on either side by very dense masses, occupying, pernaps, half the vast arena. The shops were not generally closed, and although nothing could be more respectful than the attitude of the crowd as the coffin passed, there was nothing at all like that universally pervading sentiment of a really national mourning such us has been iritneised on former at the funeral of the Duke of Orleans for instance. The troops lined the wnole route from the gates ol the, Royal to those of Ibe Invalided The clergy of St. Roch, assisted by the Emperor's chaplains, took charge of the corpse, and marched before, and by the side of It, carrying llgoud wax tapers. Tbe funeral car was the very one for the Interment of the lamented 0nke o( Or- rtsdecoratad and was re- splendent with silver The pall- bearers Mincer at State; AdinlrsJllAiiUni, f Marine Marshal VATHutr, and M. T Prince NAPO th and tt was much ed that he appeared sffltet- He followed the roffla Dareheadetf, wear- cloak over hit general's uni- .M marked tA. Ing a re- form. The marshals commanding districts had btcu summoned to Puls to take part In the cere mony ..and marched behind Prince NAFOUOX. Mar- shals NHL and CAnaouu and the Duke of Miuaorr were recognised by the crowd with much interest. A number ot mourning and other oarriag" foflbwed. The was ao long that U took upwards of two hours to defile. Cardinal Mosjwr, Archbishop of Paris, performed the funeral service, and after an oration by the Bishop of which will pnbUshsd in the Xvutiur to-morrow, the. body was lowered into the vault of the chapel of SUero jie, which the deceased prince- time slnoe selectud for his resting place. Nothing could Sjxcesd the splendor of the mourning, decorations of the chapel. The crowd on the Place Invalldei broke through the lines of the and I hear that an aid man was killed, and m woman taken wltb premature labor Jn consequence of fright. Commercial Intelligence by tbe LIVERPOOL COTTON LrvurooL, Moedsy, July B. The sales of Cotton to-day were bales, including on speculation aod for export. The market closes active and firmer, with las Irregulari- ty Jn prices. Saturday 's business reached bales, BTATK OT TRADK. There has been no market al Manchester since (he sailing of the Africa, MvUFOOL BRXADSTTjrrS MARKR, BaaADBTirrn are doll and sales quite unimportant. steady, at 30s. Od. for mixed. The weather has been favorable for the crops. LIVERPOOL PROVISION MARKET. The provision market IB dull, butJteady. LITKRPOOL PBODUCK Asms dull. buoyant, and all qualities slightly higher. Corns quiet. Rics quiet Caro- lrna.2-4s.9u. Risra steady, at 4s, bd. for common. Stairs TuBPintitis dull. LOB DON MARKETS. iLonrxMi. Julr P. al COSSOLS close at for money, ami for account. BaiABsnro dull and easier, but quotations" un- changed. Bio IB firm, but HtUe demand. Corrtc firm. Rics dnll. TAUOW quiet. LATEST BY TELEOJIAPH. LOITDOS, Tuesday. COB80L8, 93 J j. LOHWB, Wednesday. Weather fine. English and foreign WHCAT steady at Monday's prices. LoNDOit, 1 mi. COBSOLS for money and for account LivimrooL, Wednesday. Sales probably about bales good demand, and prices THE ZOUAVES. THEIR DRILL AT THE ACADEMY OP MUSIC. An Immense Band Enthusiastic Audience. Sketcb of the Origin and History of the French The name Zouave is just now a household word. The occasion of its immediate prominence Is, as U well known, the fact that a military corps of youths, balling from the City of Is now In tour midst Attired In singular garb heralded by thou- sands of pens, as moral, brave, wealthy, skillful and wonderful, they have come suddenly upon us In tbe very doggiest of Cog-days, and without waiting for rest, refreshment or a barber, have dally, nay hourly, astonished, delighted, surprised the few thousands of Gothsm's citizens who prefer the exciting sensations of our City lire, to the 'quiet retlracy of a rural re- treat. We the shop Winston coals, cues, umbrellas and There is> nothing wblbh has hitherto beenbaTf.ted JlVsn LISD. Pitrt or.HsttUM, but now ean fetutft with the Algerlne African cognomen. Although this corps has given a number of pnbllc exhibitions, now at the Park and again at some of oar Isrgtr It has at no time been brought so prominently before tae public w on the occasion of its grand dress drill and theatrical performance at tbe Academy of Muiic last evening. Before referring lo that exhibition It may be of interest for the reader to be somewhat familiarized with the original Zouave regiments, their formation and history and, In brief, we will attempt to accomplish that ead. A decree of Oct. approved by a royal ordin- ance March 21, 1631, created two battalions of Zouaves in tbe French service. To perceive the ne- cessity for this body of troops, to understand the na- ture of the service required of them, and to obtain a Just notion of their 1m port an I position In African af- fairs, It will be necessary to glance for a moment at the previous history of Algeria under tbe Deys, and especially at the history of that Turkish mllltU wbloh they were to body of Irresponsible tyrantii wblch, since 1518, had exercised the greatest power In Africa, and had rendered tbelr name hated and feared by the most distant tribes. In conteqnence of the power which BAEBABOSSI, a noted pirate of Turkey, obtained In Algeria, when, at the requestor the Turkish Emirs, he had driven out the Christians who had attempted the subjuga- tion of Algeria, he was enabled to declare himself Sultan or Dey of Algiers, and for several years suc- ceeded In peacefully maintaining his position. In he was succeeded by his brother, by whose ability, skill and coursge the Ottoman power was firmiy es- tablished In Northwestern Africa. The Inhabitants, both Hoot and Arab, hated him, and be was continually harrassed by them and by the Cniistlans from the North. Their Incursions were so constant and their annoyances so Incessant that he was com- pelled to form a large body of mercenary troops, on whom alone he could rely, and by whom alone he could maintain his supremacy. These were drawn mostly from Turkey, and were consequently united with him by a feeling of mulual dependence In common danger, and al the same time bound by no feeling of Interest or affection to tne Inhabitants of the soil. They soon became a power In the land they were inured to hardship, were altvavsonthe alert, were brave and unrelenting. Becoming tired of their master, they slew him one act of Insubor- dination followed another Deys were elevated and deposed al their dicta; their will was supreme, their decision final. It Is recorded that in the short space of twenty years, there wore six Deys, nominally their rulers, In reality their toolf, of whom four were de- capitated, one abdicated through fear, white only one died peacefully in the exercise of bis governing func- This body of troops called themselves Odjacks. In 16211 they numbeied active, shrewd, well disciplined and capable men, who were always ready for mi'rder, pillage, rapine or war. In no case was a Moor allowed to serve In the army, and nil advance- ment In tbe service of the State, was also denied them. None but Turks, or In some cases renegade Christians, were allowed to lead the soldiers, and hence no spirit of patriotism was found In tne breasts of officer or toldler, which would In the least degree mollify the savage cruelty with which the natives were treated and at last, after the lapse of years, the poor Inhabitants hail become so accustomed to the unklndness, the barbarity and the tyranny of the sol dlery, that 'they settled down into sullen subjection till spirit and hope were lost and resistance ceased to be an idea In their minds. In'the year 1830, the 'Dey of Algiers was one lies sun PACHA, who seems to have been a person of rare talent In those days who combined the peculiarities oftheOdjack. with a correct and systematic Idea o' military discipline. He was not a favorite with the soldiers, who disliked him, because at one time he took from them a number of camels laden with pre- cious spoils, and restored them to their owner, with whose fair daughter be hex] beoosne enamored, and whom he subsequently married. Tire act of restora tlon, of course, did not affect the wttole army, but tbe placing of a Moorish woman at (he head of the Royal Harem was considered sin outrageous Insult to every dirty Tmx In the ranks, lUedeatnof the amorous 1 Bnllan waa secretly delertnlned upon, arid a wlde- ipread plot was formed, the carrying out of which woulo hare sent Hossmra to his last acaount in a very thort space of time. lie was, however, too Keen an observer of men tp bA long In the dark be saw that the. long-established unity of Day and Odjick was tottering on Ihe verge of dissolution. arid while yet Ignorant of tht aforementioned plot igalnst' his life, determined upon a' -bold lehime which should strike terror into tbe minds of his fol- lowers, and reestablish him elf firmly upon tbelr shoulders, The difficulty wit i Prince necessity of some step Immediate, and he devised aid executed the following On the 1st of June, 1830, he Invited one hundred and fifty of bis'chief subordin- ates tp meet him at a favorite place of resort, whore they should dine and wine together. The Invitation was accepted; they went' to the rendezvous at a given signal every man wss lelxed, his arms tied be- 1 bind him and bis eyes blindfolded. They weic then Htoarctred-to an Immense natural oave near by, into .Jrtiiehi were rudely thrust, and where, tbe jtnrrsnce being caielully sealed up, they were left to grope, lo starve, to linger In, dreadful agony, and lo die. The agents of this terrific revenge were Instant- ly elevated In rank, and informed so long as ''they bthlvcd wltb propriety and served the Dey with fsltbdulness, they might expect every earthly enjoyment and all future bills while, if they rebelled or In any way crossed his purposes, they might an- ticipate a fate tn eveiv way the equal of the one they had aided In giving their fellow officers. Such deeds as tfie foregoing were of frequent or- cunenee aod failed to secure the desired effect To be sure tbe Sultan wan feared, but he was also haled, and his foes -waited only for the opportunity to vent upon him their long-treasured spleen. On Ihe 12th of June, 1830, when the French fleet up to the port of Algiers, occasion seemed to offer the long-desired day of revenge, and in a body the Odjacks tendered their services to the French Commander, Cen. CLuuiL he declined the offer, which wss subsequantly accepted by a less scniRU- jaus power, and PACUA was left out In the cold. Of course the news was soon spread far and wide that Ihe Odjacks bad deserted tbelr chieftain and had joined Ihe French. This news struck great terror into the hearts of tbe Arabs but wben the contra- diction became bruited about and the fact was known that the French had refuseJ'admlttarice to their camp- ires, for the hated troopers, it caused a sensation of tellef, and an elevation of spirit no less marked the down-trodden tribes. The French commander, having noticed the lespect paid to the Odjacks by tbe natives, having seen the absolute rule which they beld over the people of Ibe country, and having ob- served the high state of discipline and the effective method of warfare adopted by these soldiery, deter- mined to organize a body of troops, which should re- and In fact be based on a model derived from the Algerlne pretorlans described above. He de- sjlred to make tbe Corps a marked feature of his com- mand, to give them special and honorable duty, and to designate them by some name as significant as that held by the Odjacks under the old regime. As It wai matter of some Imtortance, he considered long While before he came to conclusion that THE ZOTJAYK would ke a proper, suggestive and fitting title, (or what he Intended should be the crack corps" of his grand armv. The term Is derived from the Arabic word zttuuwo. The Zouaona arc a tribe, or rather a confederation of tribes, who Inhabit the gorges of the iurjura Mountains, which mountains separate Alge- ria from Constantino. They were fine soldiers- brave, fierce and laborious. They were confessedly the best troops In the country, and the only ones who given tn a merely nominal submission to tbe Turks. This being the (act, It was esteemed a dis- tinctive honor when Ihe General gave their name to his newly formed battalions. All tbe officers were Frenchman, and a great majority of the soldiers also. In fact, but very few, and only as a reward for some deed of daring, of Tbe natives were allowed to serve even as common soldiers in tflls favarlte arm of the service. The service was altogether vol- untary, none being appointed to serve In the ranks of this envied corps, save those who personally applied for and deserved honor. Scores of, young; and darinji spirits were found who joy fully embraced this life, so harassing, so excising, so full of peril and ofindelabor. The two battalions were formed, at every' battle they Jld noble service, and soon had tlial place eosjcsjded to Ikatn, which tbelr General had de- fft head Ind front of the army of FraaetflaUgerla. The first battalion was oomuaanded by Major Harncsn sad the second by Capl. 0uvivr.iV wbo died to Pails in 1848. The discipline of this body of men was rigorous In the extreme, and their labor excessively wearisome. After a series of months, leading this life dally, they became wonders of physical endurance. To the dis- cipline maintained by their commanders ware due the tMmendoos working power, (be tfrelenneu, Uie self-dependence, and all tbe other qualities possessed In so eminent a degree by these peculiar men and Ir- resistible soldiers. The Zouaves were never allowed to be hi le. If not laboring they were studying and practicing with their arms, learning the scien- tific ss well as the practical part of their arduous duties. Their relaxations, their pas- times wonld make a modern soldier stare. If not swear they would fence wltb the mounted bayonet, jump, leap, wrestle, climb, run for miles at a time- swim, put up and tear down temporary structures, throw up embankments, erect and destroy bridges, carry heavy burdens, ride, and In every way train their muscular developments and their physical frame. They were required to be masons, carpen- ters, blacksmiths, builders, ditchers, farmers, fisher- men and hunters. By practice, they soon became enabled to make long marches, to sustain the heavi- est burdens for a long time, to go without eating, drinking or sleeping for a great length of time, to do anything and everything thai time and occasion iniiht seem to demand, to be surprised at nothing, to be prepared for every thing, to cat food cookeu or raw, fresh or old, sweet or putrid, to drink water from tho gushing spring or the purlieus of the stable, to be wet or dry, to be merry, courteous, brave, ready, hardy, quick and capable, at all tiroes, and, above all things, to obey with Ihe most Implicit faith the command, suggestion, hint, word or look of their Captain. THKIK DKK8S was picturesque In the extreme, and yet the best stble cut lor their necessities. The fancy fez, the hol- low backed jacket, the baggy trowsers extending to the calf of the leg and tying up In folds the Mashing boo is and the general devll-me-care style, was calcu- lated to take tbe eye, please Ihe sense, and Impress the scene Indelibly on the mind of the beholder. If tbe Zouaves should be deprived by siege of their am- munition, they would fight with the butt end of tbelr guns, U by stratagem they should lose their guns, they would throw stones If there were no atones ilioy would Indulge In fistiana, and U tbelr hands and feet were cut off, they would butt" with their heads and pummel with their stumps. These, then, were the men chosen by the French to take the place In Algerian eyes of the Odjacks who, for so long a time, wero the terror and the pest of the country. Not to prolong the account, we will briefly glance at the Zouaves as we find them In tbe French army at a later day. During the Crimean and Italian wars, we bear of them as invariably the heroes of Ihe day. They are always ways btil the first to begin and the last to leave. dissolute, wayward, (except with their officers.' utterly regardless of right and wrong, dash' Ing, drinking, swearing, carousing, fearless able, with strong attachments and bltler hatreds at all times prepared and never unready, they won from ST. Amico at the battle of the Alma the title nl the bravest soldiers in the world and from Looia NiPoiEOB, at Boiferlno, they are my pets." Their devotion to their Colonel Is touching. they call him, and lender to him an obedience such as few papas in this pait of the world get from their off- spring. Is he sick? They nurse him tenderly, they watch him carefully and guard him jealously. he need some dailng spirit for a deed of danger and ot honor t A score contest for the place. Does he wish a periooal favor granted The entire regiment would fight for the privilege of obliging Papa. And in turn, the Colonel loves bis men. They are to him as children; In their good and brave deeds finds glonj; In their prestige be finds honor, and in Uelr danger be finds for himself a post of equal peril; and side by side the officer and the soldier fight for their country, their regiment and themselves. It is after these men that THE TJHIT1TJ BTATM ZOUAVX C ADITS, hailing from Chicago, are modeled. If we under- stand them correctly, our military friends from tlie West have formed uemielves Into a volunteer mUr tary association lor. the purpose of perfecting theaf seivei in all thqse peculiarities, which having ti acted the attention of the world to the Zouaves of the French Aimy, have given to them a char- acter as lasting as time, and a reputation at dear to them as the apples of their several eyes. Our Chlctgo have been practicing some lit- tle time, they have boughten themselves a uniform, of which we shall spok preif n'Jy they have adopted t code of rulfs, have established a reputation, and last are found displaying themselves at tbe request o' His Honor tbe Mayor and sundry 8taJe Military clals, at the Academy of Muilr. Pointing to their uniform, their code, their reputation and their dlsplay> they "Hie ctirrut tt arma." Tha'. being the case' we shall embrace tbe present occasion to examine both eumu tt arma, and tell the public what we think of tbcm. The American Zouave differs from and resembles the French Zouave, In various and sundry particu- lars. The American, or rather, the Chlcagontan Zouave does not smoke, be does not cbew the balmy weed, he does not swoar, nor play billiards, nor drink rum whisky, wine, COM lala, coffee, tea, or other bev- erages calculated to excite the nerves, to qulel tbe conscience, and to Infuse jollity into his every fibre but the French Zouave does all these things. He eats, drinks and is merry because, u is often the case, on the morrow he dies, and he Is bound to have a good time while he lives, leaving It lo others than bimrelf to take charge of hil hereafter. The Ameri- can Zouave apparently takes great pride In standing erect and cultivating a West Polntlsh walk, while the truthfulness of history compels us to gay that tbe French Zouave Is a reckless, rolllcklag dog, now walking, now with hut hands on head, In his pockets, or folded before him, just as the fancy suits him. The American Zouave wears pint Moons of one kind and length the French Zouave wears another. Tbe one astonishes the beholder with beautifully belled buttons, while tbe other would ss soon wear a pair of tortoise-sbelled eye- glasses In- the heat of battle as button bluiMlf up with the bell-shaped fasteners. And, Indeed, It would be no difficult task for us, did we have space or Lncllrm'Jon, to point out many other matters wherein the two types of Zouavlsm differ. But It Is unnecessary, and might be miscon- strued Into a determination to find fault with this very gentlemanly and entirely moral set of young military men, whose advent Into this City we so kindly arid fully notlctd at tbe time, and whose every subsequent nubile movement has been duly chronicled by the Dam Tinas. It having been announced In the TIMSS of yester day that the Chicago Zouates would give a grand dress exhibition at the Academy of Music, anil as everybody baa been thinking and talking Zouave for the past ten days, there was asrand flut- ter and commotion, both la upper tendom and lower- iwentjdom. Early In Die day several thousand i of tickets were disposed of, and there was every Indi- cation of a grand rush, jam and squeeze. Ata ijinr- ter past 7 o'clock we entered the door ol the Academy and thai our utmost antlcl patlons were exceeded, and that a crowd sum as no man would care to number bad already contregated In that beautiful temple of the Aits. Several rows of seats In the front of the par- quet were reserved for the Invited and military officers who accompanied the exhibitors. The rest of the gpsdoiis building was densely packet] men, women, and children and every symp'.om of a won- derfuilv hot and uncomfortable evening presented II- lelf to our admiring gaze. Ths Reporters had not been cared for there were no dt- eks or Uble-, for them to write on, and no seats for them to sit upjn and had It not been for the untiring devotion to the interests of the dear public which tbe TIHU psojile exhibit in so marked a degree, there been no account of the grand affair In tills Issue. A upon the stage, forming Into Imoi, ai before, behind Uie stack of guns, Ibe older to "unstack given, and quick as a flush each man took bis miuket, and ice "order aims" was executed In as accurate and well-timed a manner ss ever was done by the famous Seventh. A series of orders was then given la rapid succession, which weie obeyed by the entire company as If by mechanism. They marched around the stage slowly, iben quickly, then an a trot, then on a run, suddenly turrlig face to rear the same were performed, all acting, moving and rost- log In tbe most perfect concert. They were then exerclud In the common Manual, each op- eiallon being received with great applause by tbe ramer over enthusiastic audience wbo almost went. Into fits when tbe much-loved order arms" was announced. Thuy sbouldored arms, trailed arms, supported arms, and ordered arms over and over again, always doing It well, and with such rapidity of execution and symmetry of movement, to the uninitiated It seemed marvelous beyond be- lief, The order to load was executed finely. Tne advance arms, draw rod, return rod, present arms, fire and rest, were put through in a style calculated to astound the natives, and make tyrants tremble. They tbrn fired will, fiied by file, fired by platoon, and fired altogether, After they bad got through firing, they went through the Manual again, winding un by several dashes to- wards the loot-lights, seemingly bent on landlns. tliclr Individual Kouareanips Into HAEVIT laii, but suddenly halting, would turn to tbe rig tot and frantically rush toward the very blue lake on tne drop U) the rtar of the then fixing bayonets quick as a (lath, they wheeled around and turned around, am) almost jumped Jim Crow, till after fif- teen minutes' labor, Ihey received tbe order. to stack and rellre." As they went off an Immense audience, numbering certainly five thou- sand people, cheered, hurrahed, and shouted for very joy. An Intermission of ten minutes was sgrteably occupied In listening to Dcxlwortn's har- monies and In watching sundry small boys who, having reached a perilous eminence on Uie ton of (lie highest hoi In the row, came very near breaking their Celtic necks In a ground and lofty tumble to the flour. The Company and afier a side step U> the left and an unstacklng .of ran In double quick time to the footlights, then around tbe stage, backed, ran up and down, wheeled, turned, stood sllont as the' grave and motionless as tombitonei, In the form of a cross, fn this position they went through the same exercises an when In line, eliciting round after round of applause, much to tne annoy- ance of the Colonel, who finally approached ilie lights, and addressing tbe audience, requested them to desist from applause, no matter how much It was deserved, as It Interrupted with the hearing of his orders. One of the most Interesting portions of the enter- tainment was the SKIRMISH DBILL. At the woid lines separated, forming into a huge parallelogram, with the Colonel In the centre. Tney fired kneeling, reloaded In the same position snd fired again. Then up on ihelr feet in squads of four men esch, (hey ran rapidly around the stare, railing speedily Inio line at the rear. Falling bark four paoes, they obeyed the ''order ground and ieM, and another intermission fol- lowed. When the Company next came on to the stage the tans were, In obedience la tie ground arms Ijlcg upon the suge floor. The men marched over them and through tne passage ways, fallinjr Info double line and walking bitakjy with locked step artrjnd the stage. Placing their bands on each oth- ers' shcuWers and looking step mere closely, tbey formed a complete circle, In which form they also rounded the stage. Cloting In they sat in each otb- eis laps, Ihtlr hands be Ing as before, and the circle remaining complete. Removing their hats they ahouten in good time and simultaneously, One-two, three, four, five, six, seven, hurrah, Zouave Taen quickly moving around in the circle, the Colonel be- ini In the cenue, they saluted audience and were dismiss ed. The next movement was in skowtBg bow easily a very few men traUed in that dear a street of a mob. The company be rd ing drawn up In two lines, the word was glvsn to -The front UM sad Instaaljr opened tbelr racks, allowing tne rsarllne to step forward. with loaded guns. WnlJe ttu line which htd just fired were rsloadlag, the second line presented a ray of biisUlng fixed Into loidtd guns. The bio Irrg of the fi st pclng completed the setvoMj line dis- charged tlelr'nuikato, tat opentnf, alMsM tne fi i ft line U) advuer, and ao on until loa of Uie stsge was reached. "Fire la was fbe itvmeof tbe rwegnUu was Tlierkli mil heir tbrn bad another trial Uxey knelt and fired they closed (heir ranks and sat np again, maicbed In single file. Mien, ran quickly, fririnrnj snathes rqtiaie, Iben ID ibea formlni la oJ four, back to back, went tbrouth the parry and thrust" then Tfttr at full length on their bellies, looking like thlm-Blie sliding dowabUi. and hatiDg the jolllest kind of a real old time. lusiog. thev would cut acd to roar, rsfcelve aiid an Imaginary assailant, hold their guns over head, and at the word, fall cawallop on'laelr facts again, with sufficient force to break the tosies of am olaek-troaiered man in the world. Wbue so retting, the order belog given they tnrstsd qvfteklr on tbelr backs, and In that position loaded Utalrfoni, tinning over at tbe word and firing quick and-fast. Up they got again, continued the fight Mia the imag- inary foe for a long time, until rally" was called, wben with a sbout that woufd almost raise; the dead, tfcey esgerly and furiously rosfaed to the rear of ih: sisse, foimlng Instantly a comoad group, with tne ColODel in the centre and the standards In UM rtu. TH1 DHimilR A.1D nrtB tbrn fsvorrd us with a squeak and a noise, which a military gentleman kindly informed us was wav In whlcb Ihe United Army performes) tne and which InfoimaUon was gratefully re- ceived, w ilhout It no mortal man could have tol 1 wbat under tht sun the two liule men were frying lode. After thii the TAP DRILL wss gone through wlih. This totnlrj simply Of the exercises of Ibe Manual, tbe Same being performed at Ibe tap of the drum, Instead of by word Its l _ This being done. Col. ELUTWOBTH, by Col. PrncuiiT and two other officers, lha foot-lfghtf, and, after consWeraflle applause, COL. ILISWORTH IPOKl as follows "I believe II is customary on all sorb uicailous tbts for one to say a lew words. 1 last advantage of tnla custom to apologise for on] drill of this evening. We have been crasnped for room, having no lenfrlb stall but this great wMch Is of 110 service to us at all. we been em'iarrsjued, and particularly the cue In the 'Skirmish whlcn to be almost entirely omitted. I aare anotner more agiteible duty to perform, and that is to thank vou for vour snd your kind attention. Until ibis evening you were all stnngars, HJoogb now, I our filends. l Applause, and a bowjuet 1 1 am fuattfnl personally, and can say the same for all of eommand. Wr will attempt a .hough 1 am fearful of uie Tbe rum pan y then formed Into lire preparatory giving THE CIIABUE, which was to be Ihe feature ot tbe evenlnfr" Present arms Shoulder arms were obey at a stradr, euftro t they started, ally accelerating their speed, till yelled tlie Colonel, the dash-down fotlie very edge of the stage, engulfing the lltUe commander, and atartltns; evervbody U Uw> hoaie so completely that a moment of Intense silenee psffed before the audience recovered luelf, at the pi ration of which time they burst Into tn anrjin- trolable and long prolonged cheering, shouting, whls tllng and huzzulng, wblcb made the proud (ilo xl dance In tbe cheeks of the 7outves and Un.le In Ihe veins oflfie lUleners. Tbus ended the such, a great evidence of what can be done by patient toll, peiKverlngijstera, surl b' iceanr an rxnlblilon of Fren-jn uivluro, noder- S'ood In tbe of MAPXIT and DITIVISB, or was exrtlnlled aurlng the raemoiable of Till; OEPAUTI'IIK OF THE 70VAVE3. The Xouates will leave UiU for BOSUJU t'Ms afUrnoon. The following order has been Col. PISCSBST larbinpritf of iwrnty with offirers. having reported frnin thr Sronnd, Flftn, Slith, Eighlh, Elevejiih and Stvfnty ninth HoglrnenUi to. naradeai a lurtallon toescoilthe tbelr departurp 10 Bcston. the rema'nlns; Refluenu are In i Hod to send t detacbmeni M lonu battalion Hoe Ui Lolatette place al 4 o'clock P. on morrow. By renuestof Col. J. C. P1NCKNEY. Tbe Regimen' contemplated an excnnion to Wesl Point In a day or two, but the Zouaves limited to time, hnvIng been alrend> four fioin home ti Ip cannot oft J. m f Fran Ilnrua and New Tin- I'nitpd Buten Mail steamship Kai JOHMBTOB. Commander, from Havana, arrived poit at i o'clock P. M. vettorday. The Sttn left New Orleans July 12, and arrive. I at Havana uu the morning of the 14th, and Wllli- tana for Npv> Yoik at noon on the Uth. She hat had jjleasar.l wealhrr dudog lhe.puuage. At New -OtltBJif the weaUier exceedingly hot, but the health of the city remained good, not a rasa of ytllow fever having occurred up to the time of the Ut Stto't departure. At Havana the weather wm not to hot, but fen cam of fever werv occurring, and thosa not of a malignant Tbe city waj cooildered much more health> than for several years put, Tliere very little biiilnen doing eicept iti >u- gar, Several rrurlt tn the harbor were Joadinj with thai article for the I'nlted Statff and Europe. The lit Sola a moderate freight and a large list of pauengere. At 3V. A. M., paaied the steamship Lxjuud South. Krtlghti itiiiilned wllh numerous ajrrlvali during the j.aii week. Exclianget ftO rlhys, prem.. New Yigor at the different Thu iniiiulCK of the Courts-Hanial. which were hel! at baton Rouge, Carlisle and Fort Columbus, hating been submitted to and by thr DcpBrnnenl, hitve been complied wllfa. Onirrs HITC yeBteniay evening at the Naiy to fit out In thirty days I'nl ted Statei steam 'rigate Mie cordlngli, hauled alongside the wharf to undergo 1m- medlatr An armtmrnt will eofbbleUKf for her by the authorities, and every effort wAll be made to lime her ready foi sea by tie IHth ol August. It luu not transpired to what ilie 111 be li Hi, but rumor >Ulet thai her desElaatlon l> the M< In ol Mil- to (he sun ol the ijili ndid steam-frigate which has betn Ixlng niiMrlpped unhoused al the Navy-yard More her rrlum wltb the Jnpnntse, were made to the Dcpirtment in ber taken out, Ac. bhi. will probali.) Ix1 siinvyed and put In ordinary trim In a ?rw days. II Ix-en dvciiled uiiice Hie Comtitutinn frigate Hat ordered Le ntlwl out aa a ncbocj ahip, to det.ich fiom that service [lie corvette Plymmtk, one lemel being iiifficlenl for It. from Norfolk that the Sem-Mole an- chored In the stream on Wednetday, and did ruH tnen Iratr filially for KXPIDITION TO BR1T1BH AMMJCAM FlsH- mo The rteamer CWf oj JVcso-Vcrt, of about iOO torn, chartered by UM United ernment, led Boston on for the fittloR groundsel the'.Brlllth North American The tteamer took ai paiatnger Ei-Gov. Hcuiu, of New-llvnptiiire, oneof the United Cotnmli- ilonen untfer the Redprorlty Treaff, with' oJier Wuhlngton EnglneerB and offlcfala. At N. F., the BilOih Comnluloneri will Join Uw party, and together they III proceed to Ota Bcundarlej u provided for lm treaty bettrem couuuy and Er.gland. Amonf lie fttfnj the Unllea Sutei li a geatleman of H.-H., of raat iipeilettce In all tfflh the I Ml having of tbe loJalHfr. which tae to visit. The eiteoiticn will retnni_ UMt irsl of SepUmbcr. cuir Yirk Unn.. u cotn- of Cai-L R. B. fi Pim AT Stun On day nbjht, between 11 and 13 otoloek, fire KM maeoir from tbe ud btiMt teatOry O( Mr- Hinar iUatuAtr, near the) lower itudtic ttSbif 8taf Tbe flames rapidly to UM factor? atop owned by Mr. CAUBam, u4 occupied by Mr. MJUOSI, Tbe aad their ccnunU were entirely dealroywl. 'lin np- poied to have the work of an The firemen, by their eztrtloni, aavcd tbt kdwtitet buUd- IDI i from iharlxg In the cosflttntloB. fall heavy upon Ueuri. Ciinmi and llnaoci, M they were not intured. but the amount we could not learn. The loaa to Mr. U Mtlmatad al alto not Insured. ;