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New York Herald: Saturday, June 19, 1858 - Page 1

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   New York Herald (Newspaper) - June 19, 1858, New York, New York                                 THE NEW#YORK:HERALD.  WHOLE NO. 7960,  MORNING EDITION-SATURDAY, JUNE 19, 1858.  PRICE TWO CENTO.  Chmif*  smua ootna—cmavrr. Bifort Hm. M«* Wflgfat. FeofUm. motatl Otme»  -Vr.  Jrw IS—Vu ■Md, toteir «waMl rar dM prtMMT, «nuM^ ^  ^ orik« MMee, M« «M lUlffMt ky  T%\ Tr»iB»iM, wtoiwul« tbe eMx aâAnm to Q» Jwry fcr tM proMwtlio»,  TU ivAg», la ch«g»«g tt»)gy. oaaunn«* —yl^ fbMt«a«ai1r«4tta p>b««ee w»t ■MHIu« w1B> wfclcfc lUr «<i>>»»g«i«y tmlliiiMiit tolto "  vMUMirdotjUidoao. tb*ertiD*d»ri^toi»v^;t«<ii* ^toMT It mnlrra tte tu« of US» wd dMib, whIW an the oOkt bi«d «>, perbagÊ Um «qaanjr toporlMt H««,  irtwtiw to ÄIB e«y, lewtieg wllb SB iww niiMdw aJtUoiilAvUiff botliOh Mewi^ ar penan ud propMV  btTOWl wti^lU tMrtlM«Maraa»dtteB»--UwMd|mUki  jMtio« wa to toe rtedieOcd. Tboqfb • ^^ '  eeenned, lb* IBW * 10 be «dtótóíwea with TlBdletlve. Be« oooieteloïwMKaMtoed tfcnm^li portón or preju-  Df^ to iwttoo w ffeU by roMOB tMreoT. Knary p«-  Micctwoaof CTIJM1«iutttlod to • fWr Md lmparU»l  ud to not fo bo ooBdeBMOd ató«» » jory of »be «astrj be Htkfied froa the eridenoe, beyond » rawon»-«•<!oiibl,ofth«fii»lflrtbe«ociJoed; buwbeatbe Jury m tbui Mtüfled.iio gynpatliy or prejodice or f«far ^Id toterrei^iopreTeiit « rtMH dttctuufo of duty, to trying the CMO >Mr bofore yoa,foo sjiut tcyitnpon «MorMCBOAberepreaeMed and ta «stfonnity witbtbe }»w,»ndMt regali wbatbM bem e^ ordoaeocithe IHaer trials. Now. feaUeaen, it may be tmportint tbat I tboBle Ear a few «orde to yoa la reepea to the charae-Mr or tbe eridence. la tbe adinlnlatratiaB of tbecnmi-■al court« and jariea are drJren iteoe«artW to rely ■•talT apoD the teetunony of ottaera. Tratb ii to be elicited throogb (be medlaM of tanauit eridenoe. Tbla «riiirBoe U of two kioda, direct or poatUve, and indirect or ctrcwMtaaUal. Uia <1 tract wben the witaaaa teoUOea to katOM aeen a blow Isfltcted or a piaiol Ored, and ideauflea  •eperaanmmrttBgibetiaworflriagtbepiatol. laaneb  eaee.tftbe witaeaa be folly aocredlled, there is direst proof of tbe fact. Indirect or drcnmaUntlal eridenoe is tftepreaeBtatton of an array of fact« from wblcb a jury ■tay natoraUy and rationauy infer the exiatenoe of Ute Mata raot imiftat to be estabUabed. Thoa, ifamui be (tabbed in tbe street by another (»0 one aeeinc tbe blow Mleled) and tbe parson stabbine ia seen to leave the «onsded aaa, is pnrsned, and taken with a bloody weapon la i))i posiisslon, though there be no direct evidence that Cie woond was taflieiad by anch person, yet fïom tbe ariMdiag clTCiiiuistsatjea tt niicht be ration ■lly mrerred. Tbe otremnatanoaa and facts most lot ccty be conakitenl with the aGoased having caminltttd the ac^ but the Jury ssost alao be aausOed ibat tbe Cscta are snch aa to be inaoatiatiwit with any «liwr rational oonclnilon than that tha aceoaad waa the ntlty person. Wnan a combinaUon of ebraaaaataaMa are Nlled en, they mnat be ooiacident, oouisteBt and tend oBttedly to eatabltah the main propoaMoa. If any one of ae tacts linked In the chain, wnlch together points to ike ^t of the aosnsed, be consistant with Innooenoe or teosBslatcnt with rnilt, the who!« beoomea onreliabla. n« condDCt and acts of a pwaon chsrgad wMh orime ■ay be'tbown, and if tocb eondoot or acta be tnoansis-Mat with iBnooence, and paini directly and rattonallyto tM luUt of tbiaoeoaad, the Jury may riyhtfaUriBfa-siuli niu it sattf fled M the tmth of the faeU proved. Qrcnm-auatiai evidence may ordlnarUy be lesa oartain and r«-Usbie than direct or poattive evtdenoe; aometiiMa how-«rsr the cirenmstanoes proved are oT a kind and oharao-Itr te prod ace quite aa strong a oonvietbm upon tbe mind ai direct eridence In the iaveatiiation of crime we are •ftm driven 10 rely opon thia apecM of evktmaoe. OriaM n rsrrly perpMMted In the praaa«oe of wttneaaaa, nd bence tr the verdicts of JnrlM ware to be In-nrabty predicated vpon direct or poaittve evidenoa ■ akaie, oftentimes tbe tuon woold go nnponis^ and public joaiioewoaid be defeated. it ia not beeanse relying on ladirect evidcnoe, improper oanvictiensmay oooaaiooaUy, liataDg period of time have occurred,that we are to rafbae to art upon it altogether ; tbe probabilittea are that qatte aa ■say iBproper otaivlàioBS have been bad npoo direct Ihdeiee through tbe Itiaeteatieoey of wttneaaaa. Ihave hMB iadaeed to make theaa remarks in this case because ^ prootk offered to convict the priaoner at the bar par-Me of a mixed character, direct and Indirect. Onratatnte Mdaes nnrder to be the Icllling of a boman being without fstbomyof law, when perpetrated from a premeditateci toign to cfftct the deetb of the person itlfled. So, alac, vitbeut a premeditated dealgnto efEect deeth, tbe killing trabuaan being by anotber whilst engaged in the com-Bttsiw of a telony, such aa burglary, woold be murder, b the former omo the law presumes the eaalicious intent tiem the mere act of kilUag, beoanse the natnral and srAaMe eooseqaeDMS of any iMlberate aot are preaoaed S bave beenlnteBded by the anther. NaUee is impUod frtm the act oT killing, and tt la fcr the aconaed to excusa or ¡amj It; If, bowever, the evidence addooed by Uie woNOitian «how the klUlng to have been excaaable, or jMUabie bcKsiclde, the aocased wcnld not be driven to a «(fonce. In tbe latter caae, when there waa no derign t> «Act death, tbe accused must have been engaged in the aoiaal oammlsalon of a feumy at tha tune of ine bomtoide. if tbe relwy alleged be a burglary, and the bnrglar has kft tbe premises and Is engaged in another oSbnoe at tbe time of the murdCT, be oould not be convicted of murder ondar a count in an indictment etaar^icg the kUlingwhUe engaged in the oommission of a teksy Now, in tnis Indictment, there were two ooonte, «1« either one of wbidt the priaoner would be found foiltyor morder if the evidense proved that be bad killed Anderson. The tia charged premedltaUas; the stooBd, thtt the homicide was committed by tbe prisoner whilst In tbe perpetration (tf a burglary. In either case the külUig would be murder. On the morning of the 21st of Jal; laet, Eocene Anderson, a mnaber of the police department of tnis city, was murdered. The Grand Jury bad ebarged tbe kUUog of Andereon to be murder, and presented the prisoner at the bar fOr trial thereror. tbere were, theretcre, in thia cue two circumatances for the joran' ccMlderatton. First, was Anierson murdered. ä«oond,w-8s he murdwed by the prisoner at the bar. With regard to the first question there seemed to be no diepote about the fact that Anderson waa killed on the BotDlng ot the Slstot July, and from the proof in this caie, ^ ffi;ll not by his own band. Tfaere^oould be litUe doobt br«»ï the evidence that the wounda whioh caosod bis death were made by ballR or alugs from a plaioi or ether firearms in the bands of aome other person. Bat tbe aaoet Important qoeatton in thia caae la who oommitted tbe mnroer? The Court then recapitulated the main pointa la the tMtimony, and stated that tt pnrpoaely re-iralMd from either going throagh aU tbedetailaor commenting on all the eoatndtotians. Tbe question e( the oredibiUty of wltneaaea he said, ia for tbe jory to deteraaina. They were not, however, arbitrarily to dltcradlt a witaeaa when there la noreaacai torlL lb detannlntag this oredibiUty they wwe tn take iaie aaaaideratioB tbe manner and appearanoe of the wtt-aeaa on the stand . tbe oooaiatenoy of bla aUtemaniB and the probability of tboee atatemanta in the nature oT thlnga. U the teattaaony be tnoonatatant In malarial tacts, or to oaatiadietad by othera aa to mattata »derial % wndd be a ream for dlserwlltittg It; if the wUaeas>s tsaUmany be wflfDlly talaa In any one material parùealar It ahcnld be «acredtted aUogether K,hMreTer,n miaatatenant be wnltilkmal. and is at  CMar. nrran tka St Lan* Bt tta MttsMas ef IBr. Tur War»*, Ma In Urio^.wee*» naMiBiB or tiO dalaa fkwa lk«l ^ to teT^ no. Mr. Wartte ahm bi »Mi OoL Sm*« awMyto nsMBBa.H. xTaa« paaaaa tteongb ST^Ttemto apS^Wd, the natdoaoa of Iiib  '^ÄT^KSLjÄaaoioglknfm^ Hr.Vbt-vohmleered^wti^ly _niM|ialni>, to camr 6ov. itng^awtds^tBbsa toGoBTSokaita^awsgb the read mm Camp flooM and Bait Laka ^ «as, te a lMdii«aK».beaatbylMMfla Indtaa, for wblebasrviaa teMee«v«ltbe<2»rsRMr^(hn^ Altteagb tte annr WM atiu deep open the mtHWtalaa, be acaaaapMMd «he jomrnr t^ iMn. Mr. WotUmb's cnwa-SotoMaaeaaes mn^ii^anat,flmn aethctoT hiifenvlac pMsad the whole of tat wtatar at Salt lAka City. Hare-porta a hli^r degKM of efficiaBey In Uia XoniMn military than waa generally sni^ioaed—inteed, would iniplytbat onr'gallant little armynndar Johnstcnwaa expoaed to greater ¿anger than they were aware of.  With reaneettotba movOMBt ot tbe lat of Martsh, U waa not known in aalt Lake Oty whether it was to be an attaek on GeneralJtduiaten'a peatOon or that oocnpied by (Monal Cooke at Benry'a Folk, atone. Tbe flratr«fiment (potM) of the new lavyhnd «arched befbre Oolonel ktBM>s arrival In Fabraary. flhort^ afler that evant, order« went to Bear rtrer to atop aair advaaee,and the military organiEition waa restored to the same state as laat fW, lediwiBg tha effecfttve ftme under orders to tWie over two thoosand. The enttra Coraa between Salt Lake Q^andBrMger bad beeneaOed In,In obedieMe toor-ders trona Governor Ontaminf, except a company of üfty, who profesaed to be out with hia approval.  Govenor Cumming'aadvMitaraa had been tbe general theme of ccnversatloa in the vall«^ whan Mr. w. left. Evading a predatory band the Banaeka and Shoaho-neea,bT taking off tte road to the north, be aoeoeeded alao m keeping out of tbe way of the Mormon Tidettes and atragglers cnUI close npon one of thslr principal out, poeta. Tbe flrat trooper diaoovered him by a spring near Bear river snd made off, bat aooa returned, followed by twenty eight othera, wlm, claaing fourteen before and fourteen Debmd.oanducted tbe Governor to cmeofthetr stationF, where tbere were about a hundred other borae ana a Uormim ftigadler. Tne Brigalier received Governor C. with greu politenees, aad informed him that no oppoatUon would be offered by biaoomaiand to the Governor's proceeding to Salt Lake City, but he would do well to be provided with an eaoort.  Governor Cummlnit was eecorted by one party and another ail the way to tbe vatley; and with their aaslst-ance, when tbe road wat bad or tbe snow troubleaome, he arrived in good health, and expressed htaaself vnry little fatigued, tbe story in 8alt I«ke was that some of the Govercor's escort had endeavored to dissuade him from proceeding by Ecbo caoon, where a large body of troops waa sUtioiied,aboGt whose sentiments towards the Governor tbere was reaaon to doubt. Govwnor Cammltt| aetUed Uie matter by saying that he wished to meet tbem for that very reason. This pleased tbe Mormtms he waa with; and, aa it would appear, tbe garrisoo st Echo atso, to whom word was sent in advance that the Governor waa coming. Tbe scene at the eanon mnstthave been a remarknbie one. Tbe Goversor and hie eaoort were broogtu to pretty itmgb-ly by the various guarda and plc^Ma; bat aa aoon aa the hut one wai poased, the sky was on fire wlthbaatras amiwg the rocka, where the soldiers had been gathering pilea of dry cedar during the day. A quite generni feu dc Jm, too, let him hnr anUkdenUy diattnctly theeahoes from whicdi tbe defile takea ha name. Tbe remarka made by Governor Oummlngjn reply to an addreasfrnm the Colonel commendlBg at Esbe, mntt have been looked tor with intereat by tbe Moraaena In favor of the adaaioaion. ntey were deli verea about ten o'tdock one evening, aad are-port of their tenor waa cironlated in SaU Lake CSty early tbe next evening. The distance ia aboot fifty Bller. It waa a preuy uneempromlaiag sortof apeeeb, bat fia effbK on the popular mind waa decidellT Ia\'orable.  Ibe old bands goneraUy stood aloof frtnn Governor C., (Ur. W. tbouRbt,) but he had made great head-way with the boys, who voted blm qalto tbe thing.  In a speech wl^ bad excited much enthastaam, he bad promised tbem that be would return rrom Camp Scott wttbia a week, and would bring Mra.C,hIa hnrous lady, With htm. Mr. W. thinka the general feeling is now tnch towards the Governor be can do so without perlL  Much divteloB prevailed among the Uormona regarding their policy under preaent clrcnmstaaeea. Mr. W., however, waa " sanguine" aa to the suooeas of tbe peace party.  Brlgham Young had oooie oat openly in their favor, and Mr. W. does not tikiak any man or men in tbe tiinrcb can stand up againat blm, and re^rds any unpopularity on his part aa bat temporary. Young had gone so (br as to stUion a guard in Salt lAke City and several upper setUemenU to prevent their being bamea, wblcb bad been tbe cause ot aoine remark, panieniarly in the aouth em eettlementa. But they oompbüned moat bitterly of his sot Ulowing them to tske the supply traiiv this spring, and said that he intenoed letting them aU oome m and make Bridger Impregnable. Mr. W.'s perscnaJ opinion le, that no attack on Cnited States troopa or trains is now intended by the Mor-moas. He th^ks they wotild not interfbrei with emfgranis toCalfaraia cimdno^ tbamaelven disBreet]y, nie Indians would not,he la oaudent, moleat Americans stating themaelvea to be anBh. Mr. W.'a opinian, bow-ever, IS decidedly in support of addlticoal leviea. In case of war be does no' think 10,000 men woold t>e a oufflciait force for our puvjaes.  Mr. Worthen ccnfirms the rqicrt of the evacuatiaa of Bait Lake City, which commeeoed abortiy aflerGov. Cum mteg arrived. Except around the guara houses the city is aUncat a solitude, nie Mormons had somewhat resented Gov. C 'b Issuing a proclamation inviting persona in Jured to apply to him for redreaa. For nearly a wedc they cameln large numbers to hia residence, where he had toelrnarrauves wrülen down, and when be retnned to Camp Scott be carrted the whole of them off with him. Ko douDt Ibis praiseworthy st^ had cooled tbe feelings of some of Gov. Cummisg's Morm<m adherenta; but Mr. W. does net think It wiU prove enough ao to alter mattera ma-teriaUy.  ABBITAL op OOL. KASK'B PABTT—SMIOBATION OF THS MOBMONB. fFrom the St. Lonia Oemoorat, June 16.] Tbe party of Col. Kane, from Chmp Scou, unved here yesterday tnominc on the steamer Emigrant. The Colonel remained but a few hours, leaving f9r Washington on the Ohio and Missisaippi aftemocm train, tbe Information brought by bis party, of mtHm we may give fbe name or Major Howard Eagan a« auAonty, repeats, with additional  Tke imerinn Minister Blockt the lou from Foreigner!.  SAHIA iJOIA'S APPEAL TO MEXICO.  Progren of the War of AnarohyHbngni-sary Bepzinls—SepreMioji of Commercial Intereits—Condition of tlie Juarez Government at Vera Cmz —The Future Pull of Doubt, tc,, Ac., im.  the thne or anbaequeatly oarreotad, or explafaisd by the wttneas, it would not be grand for wboUy diaorediting thewltneaa. In criminal oaaaaaevtdMoe of the oharaeter crtheacsasad laalwaya ndiiibHito ix the ooMtdaration a( thejitry,andtha(arthavaryabvioaa roMOB that It Is not to be preanmed that m ponan wlw haatmiftirmly saaintalnait an tmrigltt oteraolar wiU aaddanly fkU into the oamaaian etartma. Thia eridenoa of oharaeter la proper for the ecnaldaratian of tbe Jnry, aad may be firen by theawnsed iBlheinvaBtlgatiaaorerlma ofevery giade-It ia not tf mply In donbtfol caaaa that good oharae-will avaO; but if good riiaranter be aatiatactorily es-tabliabed it may aoDMtlmea of ilMlf rsdaa a doubt b  caaea when the other eviMnce is nearly tNOaa_____  bat sllghUy preponderatea againat the aocnaed, the pre-suBiManrremproerar good obaraoter la entiUed to g^ we^ Thia proof <ñ||it to wnigb a great deal with the jury, ualeaa tb» preanmption ia ranoved or overeome by the other evtdenoe in theeaae.- liiaveaaidto you, gw-thanen, that if here be a reaaonable donbt—aad this ia to beappUed nettoaeaaeofttla kindalone,battoali osaea trafteraesretulannoandldand cansciaBtioaB, dellberate and lateiUgent eiamlnatlon of the evidence in a oriminal eaae. there stUi reata a rational, ransonable doubt tai the mind of a juror that the party acBwed ia not guilty, then yan are«« retnmaverdtat to that MmL Bat if aller s^ carefol aemtiayand evamlnatkw of the oaae.yon S^IST^Ä!»*®»«^ the« there la no reeaor«ble  toterrene a vagne »".«»»eira» rauonal doubt of S^C la yoor imperatlredutyto  At abont five o'ekwk the Jury retired.  Tbere were  Ih. J'^«* .(»y^?»^ ■ ^ «««w ft* bom aldea)  ^lundsratyid^there »0 yeaant probMriln, yS  Jory afraatag in thts oaaa, aad it la neoasMrr th>i t shoaM order »am aamerefreabmenta. « ■ •  Mr.nia^sugieetedthntltwas aometimee «nal for  theJnntobeaSadtaiftirfWlhsr'--------------rar  Mr. Wanksaa« aaw  preaeM  but)  . for snob a coarse in tbe totheprapoaitlanorthe Judge  tofbmidathajnrara with nfrrstimwits Mr. FbilBpa agreed that they riMoId have raeraabaant. The Jw^e—I priMoe going heae to tiw 8t Ntcbotaa Botai aad otreetiagttenfflcan to noma tar BM if then te an agrneaaeirt bolbn twelT« o*«leek; If not, the tory BMt  remaintogathartm mnratag. Tbe Osartatao prapMd t»aendttadb«mMor thaaoanaof thehoodoMa to lbs  ^''Swnanli  intereatlDg details, that telegra{Aed to us from BoonvUle on Hondsy nl^t.  Tbe party left Camp Baott on tbe l«Ui of May. Gov. Cumming bad returned there Cram Salt Lake City. He stated that almoet instantly upon bla arrival at the Mormon dty be found the population moving otL Tbe movement bad indeed oommenoed, and sbwtly iiusreaaed till the entire people of the northern settleaaenta were m mo-Uon. Brlgham Young fbrmally delivered into bis hands tbe "great seal" and all Stato reoards. TtkO Mormon chlefk appeved particularly aoUattona that Gov. Ownmingshould take posMSBion at theae ntomentoaa doGuments, relying uyon this meacnre aa the only one fbr their preaer-vaticn. niey were urgent that the Goveraor aitoald at once deposit them In a lire proof aafe. Tbe reaaon eC this soontranrplred with the diaoovery tha'. extensive pr^ia ratknu bad been skiUblly made to give the d^ to the flame«, a la the Bmalana at Moaoow. Large qnaatiUes o^ drtedtencewood had been arranged in many honaes which a match would iiave kindled to oonllagratian. Baniily better councils previUled amang the leaden, and strenuous endeavors were succeasfoDr made by the ■ulor part of the pqpnlattan to prevent the caiaotroi^  Having received the capltnhition of Brigtaam aad taken eSSdent maana to prevent the atUI dnadad buning of the city. Gov. Camming deented it proper, if poaaible, peacefully to prevent the migration aonthward, aad aat off after the tnUna. Tbe whote po|alation of tbe northern Bettlementawarecntheraad,afew guards alone being left tal the vOlagea. The number of men, woman and ettlldren oould acarcely be Isaa thaa U/MO. were far advanced, so that it waa Tanlnsa to puiaoe them. The forward traina wore three impdred mOea aonthward down the valley. The Govwnnr ooonted seven hundred and fifty wagons laden with ftwiiiins They were abundantly proviaiaaed. Many him-dreds had «butted"by the way; i.e,hal baiu aiabe bouses of the road mud. Tbe eold and heavy rains had disappointed their expectationa of the dry weather neceg aary to the permanency of at^ atractarea, and had washed away their walls. They wen thna expoaed to the wintfs and ralna. But th«« appeared no very aeri-oos Buffer leg, thotigb much aad trying inoonvenience. Tbe attempt to procure a general abandonment of Ute mar^ waa of oonrae fntlla.  nere is ur certainty about the destinatkn which the Mmoon leaders now propose to themaelvea. TItey keep tiwir own oounsti in this n&pnt with remarkable close neea. The suggestion that they were bound for Cedar aty is rather dlaoredlted, by the fbct that they have driven large herda of their cattle mach aonthward of that point. It b( feared that they »»jMdeaoe with aome of the Indian tribee of Ote Sooth, inOi are already sulB uently vexati»aa, aad thos give mneh trouble to Qie govoxment. Tbey tbeaatfvea eomplain bitterly of the treatmeirt of roving parties of tadiaaa. who, fiadlng them defenceless cn tbe road, cannot reaiat the temptatioa presented by BO mndi booty. The Indians ridicale tbe Mormons, saying they are sqaaws, aad oaat figt^  OaaipSoott remained heaHhy. The acoonnta of inadequate proviaians have been exa^aratad. Tbe qaali^ of their ffen la aleae aaatter of oamplaiat with the troopa. Governar Caaoning baa takm eiBcient at^ to remedy all teeravenieneeandprectaide the pos^bOl^ of suffering tat the anay Craat thia aanroe.  Aboot twenty milea weat of Flotto Bridge Cslonel Eaae met tbe anppliy traia of Ooicael Hoffman, aad also the Cnited Statea ConuaisBionam, fbr whoae arrival Cotonel Johnston baa hlttierto I>een reported aa wattbig.  ThedepartnrecfUialfonnanBawo«* to beeonoeived hj their leaden, aad by thooe ia the Aaterieaa camp, as probably the beat vsmxm flmaftla. TIm oooUteaa, addreoa aadfiraaneaaerGuearaorCntoteg iaaacariag theado^ tiaa of this aHenattv« to war an atrongiy altosled ^ the •ye-witaeaea of Us ooadaat Bla ataaagaant el the army in Ita critieal <iiiiiiiii1aii(iM alsa elleito,aad we doabtnot  (thn) mnraing, nalasa  I nntfl ton o'eloek Saturday  Theofiioenar thaooort—Mem. Bnohanaa Jwha has tbe priaaaaria charge), Kaigfat, Bkrihop aad Bartaas— Mva amiatawed peroet ordw, aad rendered every facility to thcae whoae hoaiasaa oaOad ttaaa than. Athair-pBattw^o>ctafchirtalgbt the Jory had aot tavardiel.  [From ^ tadaneadaaoe Beige, Juna «.] tte asatmai (the B^ eoMrwt) aeema to hava ia-twriy vexwi eaneml Lamar, wbo represents the ad-irtalauaMM of WajtoiWaa laKivaa. Tbe CaHad Stataa )a«raala wtt not IWi,wbeB t^ hsar ef tboae Ibota of whfeh we have jo« opak«», to pnleat agaiMt the im-  «»Ira of Ceatm Am»^  TRAITS OF THE ZULOABA GOVBINMENT.  Forced  Ow City «r Mcxlen Cuaieeimnil«  Vc rqpb/mmimn af the advlesa naalvad, bat an 0» Itoiwte of tha gMfssaai teataolagtoftaoaa. Biaaatd Guadata}) ibi^ tar aMhoa^tka goiernsaert, hM a esnsiasnMs flg^ ttmra, Che greater portion er IM tnopa ara roHraato-ry, not paid, he., aad at iactadviaaa wan aviaba  Hia  ta lha iaIariBr an aaaealyhotd  Aprt  tdm  >te6aadala-  Msxioo.MsySO.lSSS. linmcM anùtê—MaOery Optraiiom—Ifao Btprimt»— 3aau ««Kf Re$ùtemee—ne ^eeetsifn <f a Protectorate, <fe. acce my last things here have gsne¡ on fhm bal to crsc. Kot only is the millKa aad a half with whidk the dergy iteught the decree npeallng the aati^tirch property law ev^wratod, but alsa four hundred thnwiaml doUara mon wliich itad been scraped together by hoek or by crook. "Die straits of the government, under the neceealty ot advasdsg or breaking down, inenaae daily. Tbe administration Uvea ftom hand to mouth; the President araws his salary—one hundred doUara—daily f^m the Treasury, and the Cbblnet miniators do the same fbr their quota.  When OaoIIoa fi» San Lnls Potoai a few days ainoe the government could raise only 960,000 to enable blm to cover the neceseiUes of the army of tbe North, where the battle for life or death is to be fought. He left a fortiklgh' smoe with too mm—aU that could be obtained, although tbe cfficial journal states it at five tlmea that number. Orders were aent at the lame time to Perez Gomez to abandon bis pcaiUoi at AcamlMtro and fall back upon Queretaro, where he is to unite with OsoUoe, ana both to march on San Luis.  The foroea or New Leon are at Lagos and said to be & ,000 strong, having concentrated all their corps after tbe victory of Zacatecas. Tbis last leeaon given t3 the tro(^ of the government betokena that the struggle Is yet to t>e a bKX)^ one. Perez Gomez took thirty three priMners in Mkdioecan, aad bung th«n as robbers. We shall no doubt bave bitter reprisals. I learn from the best sources tb^ OsoUoa aadMlramon are not well pleaaed with what is going cm ben.  A decree has be«i published eatablishing a forced tax of cae per cent cn atl personal and real proper^, which is very nntatisfartory to the people, wno have hardly got over the payaient of tlM taxea of tiie last adatiniatration. It will be partially ocMeeted. but wiU not relieve the tre«-anryatalL Capllaiiata an already clamoring against it, and this may call out strong measures which win increase the dlecontent.  Another decree, niating to the reducUon of ¿fflcial salariée and snppresaion at oSces, is in contemplation, wLich will iM another motive tor discontent In this oouotry of strange events. In a ooontry Uke this, wbwe everything ;oeB <m by borrowing, the time will oome when we can lorrow no aton, and maay will then find tbemeelves in greatatraita. If some kind of a protectorate Is not carried out for OS tbe nationality of Mexioo will disappear.  Mïan(»,May31,1858. &citetnaU Amamg the Fartign SaideaU^A CdU upon Sir. fbrtjiihfor Protection—MOOvry OpervUmu—The Suffer-iftgtqf Oommerce—Eff'ort* <f Mr. tbnytK to Bitter it-Come of ike BriHth aad French MinitUrs—How the fbrced Loam Lan Woria on Americans and on Mewi-cans—Mr. Rntyfh't Protett Againit it—Ever^ndy Lodu to Mr. Buelutnan anS the American Legation for Protection, Sc., <fc.  There ia an agitation ben among foreign reaidenta sneb as I have never wjtneeaed befon on the subject of a oon. tribotlan upon real and personal prupeity Just imposed by governm^ Tbe Americaaa teve called on Mr. Forsyth for protectkmj and ao have all fOTeigawa opon their raa-pective legatiobs. Mr. F. caUed a Junta of the d^matks corpa, hnt ilooad it indiqwoed to adof*^ views, that thie coalrlbutlun iareaUya foroed loan, aad fbreigners ought not to be made to pay it. He therefbre atands alone, aad lias protested.  Mon. de Gabrlac, tbe French Minister, is anathematized more than ever by tbe French, wlio are excited almoet to tbe pitch of Tiolenoe.  I think the liberal cause ia kwkbig up—certainly the government is not growing atrongnr. Tldaurri waa late in moving, but he has not been loalng time. The lateit aeoounta aay that Zuazua was almoit at tbe gates of 3«n Luis Potoai with five thousand men and twenty piecea of artillery.  Oeolloa has effected a junction with Miramon's division^ which waa occupying San Luis Poteei. Osollos is now at (he bead of a well appointed army of 6,000 men. Zoazua has abeot the same force—hia whereaboata aot prasisely known. It strikes me he committed a military blander in not striking at Oeollos or Miramon, or both of them, betbn their junction. It wsa certainly not d la Napoleon. Tne war is aaauming a vindictive and sanguinary complexion. Shooting tffisoners (afOoera) afler the fight bids flair to become fbabianable.  Conmerce is suffering cruelly by the political difference lietweea Vera Orat and the capital. It is aaid then an 20,000 packagea of gooda in the fbrmer city, waiting for permlssloh to oome to the interior. Za mors has collected the duties open them, and tbe supreme governmoit will not allow litem to tober Echeagary's lines. Meantime they an embrlng damage from tbe climate, long mtarest, ssaaon for aale, he. No oondticear of specie, ot coarse, go down.  Our Miaialer lately made aa effinrt to ramedythia dis-treasing state of things by trying to efllaot a eompromiae between tbe governmnikt aad Zamora, the basia ot which was an equiteble divishm of the duties, and the objeot free paasage to merdiaadiaa aad specie. In this he en. listed the British and Frooeh MInisten, and they had an Interview with the Minister of Vonign Belatkina. It came to nothing, becauae it waa amwent that tbe government did net cana rnsh for the anfferings of commerce, and Um only objeot was to force money out of tiie mercbaats as a oondHMn of ita letting the geoda oome np. In other words, they might pasa if the meriAaata would repeat alargepartofthedutiea to tbe government; and it was equaUy clear that the French lOniater was in ooUosioB wUh the government to efiect the end.  Mr. Forsyth thencaUed to the attewilon of the govern meat to tbe fact that hia pnteat agabiat the «nction or dónale dutieaftam Amerieanmambaatswasaathereoordar Mr. Cueva'e dqiartaieat; that IBe prc^oaitlflns of the go vernment wen biadmlsaable, aad that tt was quito clear that tbe porpoae of the governmaat was to continae Ha wartan apoa Zamon over theahonloers of inaoceat mer chants who were dootned to rain. The Britiah Minister waa at the saaae opinion. M. de Galirlac, bowever, was qnito deUgbted with the govennaent'a UberaUty, aad said it w«n<d be aattafaotory to hia subjeeis—aa asaertiaa flatly centndlcled by allFreadxaMn ever since. If thin^ go M aoonwh laager then will aot l>e a solvent lortign honse tat Mexico. It is upon tiie top of a stato of Udags Uke this tiiat the goverameat piles a foroed loan one per««Moa capital. Do yoa wondw the fmreignen groan aad nbelf  The protectorate idea grown visibly. Tbe period is critieal aad pregaaat with great events. One feeis it ban in tbe very air.  OtKttidge la hen aad free. Zukiaga, Uke a gantlemsa yidded hhn up on Mr. Forsyth's bonds fbr his good con duet. Garcia baa gone to hie home m Puebla, with a letter from the Presidmt, with wbi(di he hopea to bring to inatice tbe rascally Prefect who bad him impriaoned out of private piqne.  JiTjri 1.  To give jon an idea how the new eontribution decree ia execnied, Mr. Manoel Uzardi, aa Aaierie<.n citizen, some-tia» befbn the proteat ef Qie Ameritan MIniater, made np hit mind to anlnalt to it. He therefon mate his de elaratk» that lie was poasessea ot <300,000 in the repab lie, aad ottered to pay bis S3,000 (one per cent.) A day or two ago the Oommlasicn sent him a document  Janmaybehoarlykwkaatlgr, tf Indeed ttagonrnateat ia aot already in poaaeaaian of Am tnth.  lYan MUieaeaa we hear that the tedaraUata bave beea aiaklDg the coualry dia^reaable for partiea of go-Teramcnt tiMfiBj ao aindt ao that now a soldier ci the pahwe govaraaieat caa aot be fooad la tbe whide State. Bealdea, the fMeraUate an aot satisfied to gin an-noyanoe to all Crienda of the government, aad the coaae qneaoeiathat tt thia time the Spaaiarda bi Uiat State an receiving frequent cans, aad not over polite visiters. Tbe neaa td hacienda» being deatroyel nachea hen evwy day.  Pireaa, at laat alvicee, was at Monlla with 1,600 pintaa. It la quite jwobable that I shall soon have to n  ootd ia my letters to tbe HEa*u> a fewmon  „ 0» Captain __ ix^ —Ycateroay lieotenaat ^ptrticearreetod ChpWn "  ed from ow riaiar  BrrusE a Nsv Osât of the Third dis-a.4eBtTian,or the ihiB •■patch rtoHt-fiawaa takoati) Ja^ ^Ba^tsefiaa.carFaadkaBwalnat, «ha nqnired  Sïi'^rîSTÎÎ ÜS^'»*^*«»»* «» «>»•  beea fbraished. »wesn Hwthe caaie orer hen to te marriedtoa yoSHadr rf^BMaTiS^ withhar  mottier.acaoaapaaiadhimTna titedemt^w* «ador-  ^SS^J^ ÄtbiT^bäUevaa aad  charges that the galiaat eajMain Is ahandy the haCtead eC  one wife aad haa ao TiiMoaHaarAn ^Tte taia aaya, ia a aiiMake, aad amy han vtaaabw tta M  that he fometly kapt k  witboat aay leg^anthority todo ao. The ewe M aaolher £Uustr|^aftfaap(^bthat«^ tmian,»  rwt—jstfls (meom  ingbiaqaataat»lS,600-tbe highest anm uader the law. Mr. lisardi contrada that $SOO,OM is a veryUbwal'eaU mate of bla Mexican oqiital. " Bat," says the Cnnmis-sion, " yon have sugar eotatoa in LouisiaBa, aad stocks, he., bi Ehgiaad—which ia true—and yon must pay on them."  Oa the other liand, I knew MexUsaas worth $100,000, who ban deslared only SS,000, aad tt baa lieen accepted, aKhoogh thebr honea and carriagea wan worth that stun. I know too that the oannaisBiaeen have aaid to othen who Mgbt to pay S3,000, taat if they wonld pay $800 tbey would be let off Xbe truth is üie law waa made to fleece Raeteuers. The Cbanh is exeepted from the coa-tributlon. It ia very imaertaat ttiat tbe gorerameat at borne should sustain oar lOaister in the principie be baa defended. Mot only Aiasrieaw hataU fiselga iatereata an invidvad in tbe deciiian at WaAiagtoa; aad donbtleoa Mr. BiMes wiU be inotrnotad to do hia be« to impresa npoathe Stato Oepartaieat vtowa IhTorable to thisgo-vernmeat. Evoy foraiga mardiantaad capitahst ia Mexiee ia looktog to Mr. Bodiaaaaaad the American Le-gatiaa hen far deftace agalaat a pneadeat, which, once eetablMbed, will plaoe them a«d their property at the mttcy a needy aad anaernpuloas government  Xixica, June S, IB&B. Xewi from Oe hUerier Siifpi-tmitrii the Gaeermment—The Pngrtu ofAmrOm ^Sbmt* of ZuIoaga'slOoven IftUe Count ^ Mr. Ibrnth—The Parcei ContribaOon» de-, de., de.  To write yon all of the flnatiag raaion of Mexioo would táke quiraa or paper, bttt to write yon what is known for tnth wffl eccapy bat tttto time aad spaoe. For the peat thna day« the BMat pvoTaaad asyotery baa hoi« «ver the Palacio HadeBH. Xkne mtnurdkuriet ban arrrred f)rvpdl8^P«ti«rth»iM«larwtlfe am telhafa  SANTA ANNA'S MANIFESTO.  Oaaminl Antoail» I.. 1I« «as  Mrtta]»—Fbr SOBM tlaie peat I ban beaa engaged la prepariagahiateryaf tte mmtsty aad poMtaal apeala oT my me—not, I asaun yen, tnm metivea af vaaity or oe-teatatioa, bat, oa tbe eeabwy. ta order that by sneh eeaaa I mlgbt preaent a eetapfeto aaawar to tbe awaatela pOeef Use aad iaveatiimawblea bare been madewttarek spect to an PerMna who an eaeoatee to aae, w«heat having aay Jost cana fbr their eaMty, teve apnad abroad aaneaawigly agaM aie a maltitade erfanden aad fWaeboode, rreaa ihe unworOiy deemefnbbtagme or my character aad of taraisateg the gicry ofthekayai aad ai8biterea-.cd ««rvioea which, thnogaeot the long oa wer of my lite, I ban reaeered to aay ooaaary. Dwraot-ing drcnnuiaaoee, over which I ban bad ne coair»), bave forccd me v» luspendfora «me my biaiorical tabors; I Durpcee, however, toreaume tbem as aoM aa I sball be able to Obtain ppMsasien of important pnb<to «oeomenta wblcb I reqnln ter the work, aad withont whitäi it woold Ect be paaaible fbr me to proceed correoaiy. WIthoat tbeaesceeaauy documenta I abouid be liable to fau into icaccnraeiea aad cmtradtetory ataianirnts. sacb aa aenr shonid be peraiiltod to disficnn» tbe face er hMory.  Ia the meantime, however, other aad aewty diaoovered Ibulls an ebarged agalaat me; calaaany parsaea me etili wnh tonaatooa paraenraaoe, aad an tbe acta of my last  e^Muuards. Piraaa baa aaid be wiU not let a Uve Spaniard leave hia banda.  From GnaaaJuato aad Qulatan thwe ia nothing of gnat importance. Tbeae two Siataa an generaUy in the bands oftbefederallBts,lf I except only the capitals. The towns Celsys, Sa'amanca and Irapaato, hi the State of Gaana Juato, have been more or leaa oecnpled by federalista for tbe past montii. Salamanca, at Itatadvioea, hada disainu Uve government of ita own. Tbe forcee bad pronounced fbr somebody, bntno one knew for whom buttaemaelvca. All I can learn ta that they an very much oppoeed to general governmenta aHogetber they go la for smaU regulations in every place when a solBciant number of highly reapectable citizens (out of jaU for the Ume) can be found to form the junta de notabUs, the consgo, &e. Ia fact, the preaent occupants of Salamanca are btit what will aoon become gnteral all over the oountry, if a radical clnage doee not scan take pbtce m this country— if a foreign voice is not quickly beard in tbe halls of the Montesumaa.  The great battlefield, San Lula, mutt now be pretty weU occupied aad surrounded by tbe Inope of tbe government. There is a rep rt that tiie government recelnd an extraordliuuT yesterday from the Oommander in-Cbiet, Gen. OsoUoa. The news was bad for tne government. I am weU assured that fighting has commenced at San Luis, with a fair prospect ot routing tbe government oompleteiy ont of that Slate. Tbe faU of San Luis wUl be equivalent to a fall of the government Tbe latter event will sunly follow the former.  In thli city then an many rumors as to tbe weakness of tbe government, and its chances of tumbllvg into pieces some morning for want of c'.erks to keep up tbe bualnesa. Tbe government is hard up for money, as aU governmente rf Mexioo have been. The foroed contriba Hons levied for tbe creation of a national bank, have created a great deal of talk, and brought forth a poattive sqnan toed proteat from tbe Cnited Statea ICniater, Ur. Forsyth, and a very clever diplomatic protest tnm the Britiah Minister, Mr. Otway. I have in my laat and m former letters explained the plan of tiie bank and the tm fblrneas of makliig the xmbUc atump up tbe money necea-aary to create an inatltatian. whldi,if liadly administered, would prove an incalculable curse to the coontry. WeU, the astlon of tbe American aad British ICntster« playea the rntschlef with the movements of the government Tbey iiecame scared; and after resorting to aU klnda of knavish dodges, bi which the French MUiiater took a large part, the government passed notes to tbe Cnitol Statea and her Britiah Majesty's Ministers, in wbksh they stato "in coDsequenoe of " the good behavior of the English and Americana, the "sympathy" existing between fonigners and Mexicans, to., &e., the government bad seen proper to prorogue tbe aat^ of the decree levying the contributioes. Tbeae notea came out in time for the ^tiah extraordinary. Aeday flowing the departan of the Britiah man tbe official p^>er comea out and says the omtribntions wUl be eafbrced, and already the bando bas been published. From this drcumstaace I very much fear the Amaricen exbraordinary or to day will never reach tbe coast The govovment evidently wlsbee to get the money if possible, aad doea not can, I believe, a straw if their poor country baa to take a flowing for It Tbe present governmrat wiU tie tar hence before a fweign arm can be nlsed agtinat the country.  The governmeat ia now in the act of trying to put into force aaother scheme to replenish the treaanry in a smaU way, by adding to the existing tariff on oommercl»! imports at least fifty per cent This new dodge has beea iroteated araOnst by Mr. Forsyth, who, by the way, naa ately tuiBed over a moot hage <'new leaf," and is going ahead henin the leetimation of everybody at such a rate that be aoon will lie tbe Hon of the capital, if bemakaa no aalaBtms. Already by lila changed courae baa be made himsetf reflected in tlMpa]aoe,aadbyeveryIiodyoator it It aflteds me great ^eaanre to aay that Mr. forsyth baa so far played his part with uncommoaelevwaeas in the axiatiag qneattena ef the fbned loana aad the tafMavsaaant orthetarifi. Inoppoeitiantohimia M. TisoontOabriac, representatlve of France. Tbe oouree of Gabrlac has  a P ..  adminiatraeoa 01 (be gemiaawat are mtanpreserted aad diatortad to my lnjta7, by ihoae who an arr^d leat I riMaM return t» my oeuntry; or at laaataqr return woald be very dkagreeeble to tbem.  In a dmiy jooraal pitrfiabed m the capital eaHed La Sociedad, several articlea have lately appeered under the caption of "A retroqieotive glance at tbe aedtl ooodition et Mexico." Tbeae artlelw. accordutg to laformaiioa which 1 have received, have beea written by aa iadivi-daal wlio ia a liigb dignitary of tbechnrob, whom I had elevated to rank during tbe very eimsh of wbhdi be writes with so much bitterneaa agabiat me. Tboee per-sons who thus unmereifaUy, aad without charity, pan, as ii wen, my ciiaracter to piecee, are encouraged to act towarda me in thia manner both by my aboeaee aad by my aUenoe, and if we are to judge^y them It would aeem aa if Itbad beoomea matter of pubhc neceaalty to speak most unfavorably or me tmder all cireamstanosa and in aU cases. n>i£, no doubt, ia the reaaon why many foreifn periodical pebiicatioaa have faUen into the greaieot la-oonslateeciea and errara of atatement oa enry oocaeion when they have condescended to trouble tbemselves about me.  oiugin of tbx natksn .ácuklsbr rik.  Tbe origin and «mmenceaieat of the eaaiity and aal-mosity or wbicb I have been made a victim is to be uaced and dated from tbe time when first tbe Mexloan natien honored and dietlnguMied me by their ctmfllence and by tbe honors showered down npon me for my public serviees; for tram my earliest youth I have most fanhlti'.ly served my oountry, begiaalag f^ooa the day wbea I inscribed my name among the p^dpal ioundera or Mexican independence, bi tbe ever menwrable year of 1821. From this period an to be dated the persevering eSbrts of my enemies and eppoeento t» mlarepi eaent and diafigureall those actions of mine whioh do me most honor. In their enmity againat me they have refnsed even to acknowledge the aelf denial and patriotism which I dia-nlay ed in the days of tbe deepeet trial aad suffering of my country. They have carried their anlmoalty agatntt me totuCbapltch aa to be guilty of almoot incredible lUly andpueriUty in thdr conduct Tbey ban erased my name fnm several buildinga wben it bad bean inocribed; they have removed the atatnee of me from tiie pnbilc placea m which tbey had been aet ap by tbe wUl of the people or by my frienOa; tbey bava burnt aD tbe portraits aad pioturea of me whieb they conld bty their hands on; and what is the moat remarkabiecf all, in theae bioredible pne-riUties ot which tbey hive bmgnllty, they have even left off the annual oelebratiai of the 11th of Saptambw, though it waa ordered to be kept by law, becaaae, fbraoetb, tlwy wanted to prevent my naaae fi-om being meatianed. On other oecaaioaa their hatred haa been evideiMed in tiw overflowings of tbe afoet savage erubtty. Tliey have iwoianed the saered {dace wtien a member of my body was deposited, which aiember I lest while fighting oonrageoualy in defence of my ooontry, bi order that they aii^ destroy It They have evea gone ao fbr aa to peraeenie my frienda and thoee who wen under any wUgatkuiato me, violating their places of reUremeat, and buraiag np aU their property which they conld lay their hands on, whaa Uiey oould not find lite pmaaa tbamaalmi to daatroy them, ney have ontn^ aad inanitad me, by fixiag iqwn bm tbe appellation of traitor rw my condtict at a time when I drew together armiea—wlien I waa expeadiog aay own money for the lienefit of my country, in order to atipport and equip aoldierB. Tea, even at the Ume when I waa atruggung againat the iavadoa of my ooontry; when the hwte on which I waa mounted lay atrettíied «toad on tbe field of battle; whea my clothes were pieroed throngh and throngh with bnllets; when my hoasea aad property were set on fin aad deetroyed—thea, evea at such a time, they branded me with theaameottrahar.becaaaelfinnly and reaotnteiy refuaed to aoquieaoe in tiie ceMiratioa of a treaty of peaoe wbteh I deemed to be both dsboaiarabie aaapretjadieial to tbe coontry. fbey Imve stripped me of my property without having any raapeot fbr the aaand ritfblswhiafcbeieagto ass aa a man aad as a dttsen, aad wttaont having any regard for the claims of my children 10 whom my propoty rigiitfbUy belonged. In a word, ihey want even to deprive me ot the privilege of breatiiing ^beairof my oountir 1 which it wonld be offensin and displeaaing to them thM I abouid ever taih^e. But even now. after ao many inaults and injuiies oommitted against me, they sn not yet sattsfied. Ihey oontinae to pursue tbe same cowvtlty and infamous course of misnpresent-ing and falsifying my conduct, and of depreciating aU tbe gnat deeds I have done, in order if possible to heap disgrace and dishonor upon me.  I have never been guilty of tbe presumption of looking upon myself as being perfect; on tbe contrary, I have alwaya confessed my own iosoffideney tor discharging the outlea of chief magistrate of the cenntry. My eduoa-tion^bas been altogether a military educa^n, and tboee y eara which I might have been able to devote to ttie study and enltiVBfion of Uteraton and acience, I have iieen obliged to paaa in military qoartera and in the labon aad dangers of campaigns. I am far therefore from maintaining that I am perfect in everything. I am human, and no doubt ban fallen into errors. But those emrs have sever owea tbelr origin to malicious bitmitioa, nor are they such as can lie made to ootweigfa the weight of a whole lite consecrated to the aervice «tf my ooontry. Alas I—I am obliged to npeat it I—hatred, envy and jealousy are paaatona which never can be extinguished, andtbenfon itwiU not be at aU aunnlslng that they sbouJd contbrae to panecuto me even beyrad tbe gnve.  Tbe obligation wniefa ia impoeed upon public men in vie w of their fellow dtizena. to explain, or at least to grve an aooount of their conduct and to watch over their honor, ia what at thia momeat impels me to take up my pen to perfwm thia duty on my part in reapeot to wiiat oonoerns my last admbilatratlon of the govonment I shall, therefore, in a simple narralin, give an acoount of aU my actioos aad of aU my deette, audi aa tbey really wen, witbont aay imworthy aim or objeot in view, being quite sun of this, that tiie Oddity of truth and impartiality WiU aot reatilt tai anything nnfbvonble to me.  IF HI WAS SOT WASTtD, WBT WAS JiE SaCAlLXD?  My defamen aad detraoton aflUm, with aa auiborita. tin aad aiagiaterial tone, that my goverameat waa aati-national, aad that it waa aot anpported by aay party. Tbey tmget that my govenua^ waa eatabUAed by tbe WiU ofthe people, expressed tai the most solema laanner, aad that not only it waa sanctmaed by the voice of anlnr-salsofinge, but that alao aB the OTgans of pubUc ^taUga, after ite establishmeat, gan tt their full saactim Md support Pnrthermm«, if ray provisianal dictatorship was not neeeasary nor deairea t^tbe natian, why aad for what parpase was I invested wtth tbis power? It doee not oomptart with reaaoo—aay. It wonld be a aioat ernel aad waaton proeednn to call out a cltizea, to drag him f^om bis peaetful home aad retirement, in order to make him aern the eommuntty, aad thea on the very next day after giving libn power, to eonapln agaiaat him. Every wrtBg doing iaevitably briaga ito own reward as a eonaequenee wbieta follows after it RcotUd notother-wiae ban happaaea thaa it baa Joat now bappeaed, wben unwortty men aeine iqwn the firat magialraey in the view of making ttemaelves dietatora, eontraiy to their own pro-feaaioaa. ma, wbicb in liave Juat aeen happen, baa left a mark in our Uatory w^ Uwill be difficult to blat out oftbereoord. Ob) bow imi^oaaly religioa baa beea pro-famed 1 How the adaiatsn (rf the altar have been driven bito banishment, ban been shut up in priaoaa, ban been abused and ontraged even oa the most holy of daya: how, alaa! subordbiate soldiers ban been deeontad wNh tbe honera and deoontkma of Generala, while bnn and notrie Generals, the veterana ot ttie War of ladependonoe, have been stripped of their hoacn sad of thebr property, sad been made to carry tbe common soldier's gun upon their shoulders, or to take tbe road of baaiafament, or ban even been degraded to tbe office of attest eleaalng! Sadi aa theae wen not the resolta of my dietatorahip. I waa not made dictato' one day, to be conapired agataiat aad turned out the next day.  But again, they say also that my govesament was aa prejudicial aa tbe revotntkm of AynUa, and immediatoiy afterwards tbey aocaee me ot giving up my power aad leaving the country. Sacb a cMtmdietlan is a dear proaf of the ungovernable itcbing wiiidi they ban to find fault, at any rate, wltn everythmg that 1 ban doae. Of two things, one—either I was waated, I waa aecoaoary in the lovernment, or I was net If the first eategory be aa-sented to, why did they oonmin agahiat tay govemaaatr Why did tbeywam meto diaappear freaa the pasltian? But if the aeocnd cateaery be granted, artia* guilty of ia ddag I waa required to do-givtngnp the pow* wsh which I waa ianatod, ia ordar thatae natian might be ableto Item aoaaatitaUaa aceord-ingtoitswiU and san the wnaicn of iiloodr Bowaanat it bcf How is it that I eonld never do aoythiag goad which woold satitfy theae mear  HOW aa rocxn mt ooanmt.  Wbeo, in the mooth of April, 186S, I appeared upon my country >8 0011, Obeying, an on a (araaer ooaaaien,^ aai-versalcanol Uie^^,aasllaattanlBwhidifha-  dnwnnpoa him the curseeofaU of bis ooontry men; ao mncA ao that be dare not pass ti<ne fnm his house to the palace. Like moat dishonest men, lie is a coward.  Corpua Chriati passed off with a grand show of miUtary aad clergy. Xbe troops for tbe interior wen dotted to assist After the proceaaion thegr left at once for the interior.  Omr Vera Cruz Corresponds  VsRA Crcz, June 6, IBtS. Affairs in that Ciijf—Stagnation of Trade—Scarcity of Money—President Juarez and Governor Zaanora— Friendly Fealings toward Foreigners—Ihe Jenneuse— Spamiih and French Fleet, dc.  Everything pdltical nmains in status gw¡, and a rehearsal of the news—I mean political news—a month past, would apply now. Vera CruziastiU under martial law; tbe foroea under arms hen an about the same, and keep np the same eternal mardiing and oantermarching, daOy aatidpating an attack fiKsn the govwnment forces. To day we hear that Echeagaray is approchlng the city, and to-morrow we are informed that he is returning with his army to Puebla. Yen can put no fbith in anything you tear jabout the movements of the different foroes at this time. Aa an iilnstration, tea daya altor Gan. Garza was deteated and driven from Tampico, it waa currently repoted here in the streets that he had taken that city.  Then is no mail oommnninatlon between here aad the dty Mexioo. The coaches ran, but take no saaii matter beyond Orizaba, aad aU lettera comiag ia from tbe interior are stopped in the Post OfQee bare, aad parties to whom they are addreaaad mtist go befen the Prefect ofthe city, ud t^en them in bla imsenoe toberead; otherwiaethey an withheld flrom tbem.  Neither is tb«re aay braoapartatian permittod of gaada, or anything elae, between the two placea. Prealdent Zuloaga WiU not permtt aaythiag to ooate down, aad la return Gov. Zamora wiU not permit aaythiag to go up— beacethenanmlUiOBBcf doUara worth of goods lying in our wanbonsea (on wbieb tito dattsa ban bean paid,) aad wbicb an being rnmed by tbe climate, aa tbey an aot permitted to go forward, flus nuny persons—aad aaiong them dtizena of Oie Cnited atatea—wUi be very aerioaaly injured, pecuabuily, and, it is to be feared, many utterly bankrnpted.  No apede oanductor han come in from the interior fbr some time, and mcmey was never aoarcer and trade mon completely proatratom Ven (bnx thaa at thia day. Money ia worth from two to five per oeat per month, in amaU gums, aad very little tobe obtahied at that ,  The cotton factoriea of tbe biteriar an, moot of them, out of cotton, and tbey have been foroed to doae—tbe proprietora having i^enty of cotton ho«—(then being some 1,000 balea in aton ben aow)—whldi Gov. Zamora, bi his wiadom, wiU not permit to go forward, uader the idea that the workmen bdng thrown out of employment will cause them to tarn against the government He doee aot aeem to think for a memant that this aetian on bis part will make the manafactarers aad workiaea thna injured aad thrown out of empleyment, his moot bitter enemiea.  it la uselees to specukrt« at preaent about the fatnre of Mexico, reaaoning tr«Hn the preaent state of aSblra here. Ycu in the States caa better oontamplato tbia matter than we here at the scoie of astion. Tnia fbct, however, la conceded hen on aU hands—there never can, nor never will be anything Uke a safe, reUable government eatab Ushed in Mexioo, nntU aome foreign Power, able and wU-llng to do It, wlU extend a protectorate onr this oouatry. And ben aU eyea an turned to ih^Cnited Sotea for that blessmg.  President Joarea is ben bi state, aad maintains a " mas terly tnactivl» " aad a dlgaified, aUeat resern. He la as Inofltealve as a lamb, aad aa aa a dove. He o«r-  tainly wonld aot bite if yon wen to pat your fiager bi bis mouth. Zaawn ia the ^ of this lorest, and nOea with  firaineas and much wisdom. ._  Capt. Forbes, tf the ateamer Tanaeaase, iafti^ thuuiiB la his Wt tripfw at least two moatha. Ihia ia  very mudi to be regretted, aa this atesóte BOW tó^  our only relianoe for eommanication. SaiUng veaaels between thb port and New (b-Ieaaa are few and far betweea,  there being little or no commeroe between tbe two pootta. Thia ia certainly a very uafortaaato time flor the ateamer to anspead her tr^, aad it ia to be hoped that oMgoven-ment wUl at oace takeaoma st^ toothy her plaoe  ^'cSeStaau^ M«*toBaylea.aadtheFr8aehbrigarwar La Feyroniwan atUllybig at Banifldoa,da^ aatb^, with a fair pnapact of a king ooatbiaaaea m tbe aame bae of btMbieas. The trath ia, then la no^^ iw WW va^ to do hen, aa the Zaaaon party an friaadly to aU aaitoaa, or at Isaot iaofibaotn towarda aU.  their wen amrtaM proMly- aM MWatar of Daaaaa waatiaiar the a  moat  mettw1n!*badmoededB*,Iaeta*biewry nafoatla aemeaaM* wUeh I onaaniaiad aMat aastâ nTaâiat beatfiüal fer the aeaatry. Annatal«  loa waa raleed by the libanBi beoeaae II BaaerD. LaaaaAtoaaMtheheadaBaaar fha Dan Jaaa Alvares, whesa llbaad bi Om pi aer ead Seaeral ia oowasd tt tha Hanaftnaw of Onerren, was the firat pano* who MMnatoihlB Aaean-teat, «ad ha aaid that "tha xaaa who waa bated by the Bontboaghttobe «^vadafbM pUK)a,nir la ' «lonlh behau Ut» mnrdanr of  Guerren" Tbaae an OtaraOy Uè warte, aa «rlttaa IM oae of bH lettera; but at It alwaya «an myrnlaaadi tice la aiatteri or gureiMU>eut to oaaae aatiM speeied, aad w saspert ila aotiaa. I lofbMd the demaad of Alvares. Now trie man kaa beea aewng Ihe »oet eeiha.  ray tobe n  sfafttc ia pronoaao^ for mf retava to power, aad most ia fhvcr of oeafvring opoa me the power with whieh I waa Invested; be even had goae ao tiar aa to sand a atm-ailitee to tbe capital to coagratnlaM me an my retwa w tbe eotmtry and to power. Bat aov, in cnaaaqaenee aC ■aynjectiaaofhia demand, bepnl MwMdf fivward fea opea rebel Udo ogaiaot the f ovenmaat, aat dnw op a pisa fbr a aew gavammsnt, aa It ia hM casto» to do.  Owbig to the diBlBBoa aad to the piaitiaaa wtútit he eocopled be waa a eoaatant plagae aad diataraw of the eetabiisbed peace aad order, bat aeveral tiaaa I waa aae cersfnl bi potting down the Governerà «( tha other atau who joined Mm in bla pntonaioBa.  his mhjiakt oratinoem xxnomn.  Inasancbaa one of lha first thbiga whtoh I papand ta attela la my government waa than^otabUohaaau of gao« and aoand pbidpies, and oaaaiag reepeet to be paid to pubUo aathertty, so that it aboold aat ba aay laager a menmockery,! detennlnad to abarate thedoothfresa thia laaa, wboee ariana an too anmaroaa to be oooatad. With thia intentien I put myaeif ia aiareh at the bead of a diviaioB of new recrulta—enoagb, howenr, aad abia to eante me to trinmph bt CoquiUo aad Pengriao. I after-warda arrived on Ihe shorea of the Factflo ooaan, ia fraa» of tbe fortreaa of Ao^inlce, whan the taMMrgeate haA coUeeted in aU their fwoe. I regretted, aad to thia day I regret, that for want of a traia of artlUary, whioh waa inuispeaaable to batter down the walla, tha opportnnity waa hen kat of aeltling and orgaaixiag tha Soi^ ia a proper saanner. In oonaequenoe, however, of my want of artUlery.IwaaobUged w restriet myaalf to noanaal-tering the ground, aad la tradag the plaaa befen tha fbr-tresa, to operate as ooossloa might imaaat laardarthat aU thoee who bad been led taito error by tbe eedantioa of their leadera might ban aa OMwrtoaity returning to their duly, I sent Geaaral CsÉ^edoa to offer to all such pardon aad obllviott of the past, aaaa-hitdy and without any eonditloaa, with tha aiagle axoapUsa ofAivarez But my kbid oflen were not aocepaed. Itbon waited acme days to see if they wonld veaton «rat of their strong poeiticn, but they did not dan to take the oObaain, and consequently after a few days I left tboos, aad marched back agaia to tbe capital, this miUtary promanad« - ■ - bv  rFrom the New Orieaaa Picayaae, Joae U.] The Lezwatun of the State tt Chifenafaaa is atetad to  baveimtedtoMsaBra.||ellaanBhFMtaaq>eciaI wlvi-lege fw tbe oanaMctiaa of a raUraad throngh that Btete.  »e^aiSSS, reporta that tó of tha ae«^ ia the Baa Vieeato aAir have ticen fonad gnilty aad oon-demned to de«h; but the eaae haa been carried to the  ^"Ib^^^^tovernBeat haa graatod ita ene^mator to Isaac J. McMicken, Sbq , aa Oaaani of the United Stetaa at AeapnIco,aad^toA.ftBMa,aq.,aa Caaaal of the same nation at the port of GaayaiM^_  Gen. Roblea has obtained leave of abasaoa fbr the purpose «rf proceedbig to Mexioo^ e^^ bis gown^  Se vieÄ^^^wttt reipectto Úm statar repnbUe-  clearly than be oould by le^. ___ ________  Sie nasltien? itaakml »dy, ta  try then wsa, wm moat perpiodag aaA dittany I tjmmA aotUag bat roda aad deoey la «very bnaeh aad d»-rmrtmant of tbt rrrrrrn**-* Thsn waa asta afeigls dnnar  partmaatorthe_____  ia the pahUe Inasary, aar waa tt ta ha saqgaalart that there wonld bo oaa for a lenr thna to 00^ laiiM 11Ì1M aQthereveaasawenoahlMtto cennatlMa mada wMh  waa extremely naeful. Inexperienced yoath____  their first experience in the diiBc«lt art of war: 11 acquainted with tbe teRiv»y in which I might ailarwarda  have to operate, and I got nd of the error whioh pnvaO-ed,namely, that"in tiie moonteinsot the Sooth,nbela ara invincible." I estabUabed a miUtary road fra« the city ofBravoa to Cutrnavaoa, and I gan orden for the necessary meaaores to be taken ia order to orgaatza oa tha Padflc coast of tbe repubUc a reapect^le maritime aqaad-ron, as a meaaa moat requisiM for the oconpatitm m well sa for the rdahuag ofAoapnlc».  In Ciudad Victoria, a young lawyer named Garza pat hbnself at tbe head eC aeverai rebcli, and overeame tha amaU garrison of the dty, elthw by oonnivaaoe of the General in command, qr elae owing to hia bwapadty. Garat now bnu to ooUest troopa, aad to procnn ammuniikm and impleaiento ef war fnm the United Bte«8 ; be alao erected jiarapeu aad battarioa to defend the plaoe. Bonnpon I made arrsagtiinsnia tbatGeaaralD. f. debmariz ahoald aet aaUflroaa Vara Cruz with cne brigade far Tun pico, in order firoai theaoa to operate agaiaat Ondatf Tietcria, in ooajaaetien wMh General Don Cbrloa Oroaoa, who had m-den to mareh apon thedty from San Lnls Potoai With aaother brigada. Both tlieae Generate fulfilled the <H^a tf tbe goverament. aad took Qndad Victoria by aoaanlt The little head of the rebela, Saaor Garza, laade ha eeaape, Jeaviag to their fiMa tibe poor creaturea whom be had led astray. At a enbae qutnt period, this fellow Garza asanmed the charaoler oC a hero, and attaoUng hiawelf to the division tt a nbtH General, became GoYteeaat and military onmmandwr of tha Province or TamaaUpaa. In (his man we behold asped-men ot tbe aaotivea and tbe wonderfbl patrinttam whish urgea on so msny individnala to keep their oonatry ooa-stantly m the tnimoil aad agtlatiaa<^ rebelBoaa aad ra-vdts. "liberty tbrevw! Death to tyraany!" ia their usual standard aad watchword. In ordw that they thsaa-aeivea may start from nothing and mak& tbemeelves after-warda into generals, heroes sad net» tyrants. Beoeat evento ban exhibtted thia thtaig fuliy.  In Yucatan tbe troopa which liad be«i sent to isprsai Oie revetted Indiaaa, wao wen Mag gnaa iajmry w th* departmeat, abandoaed their aeveral poeta, aad naltiar in a body marched againat Ihe Governor aad ooaimander of the forces, Don B. Diaa de la Vega. After a loag aad desperato battle in the capital of Marida, General de la Vega completely routed theae nbela. Cpon thia the Indiana, findimt no troopa to oppoae theai, lot* eourage, and it coat immense Ubor and trouble afterwaia to anb-duethem.  BXKETTIQX OF ZTLOAG.» A»I> REVOLT OF VmiCKRl.  nie revolution in the South was gradually dying oat of itaelf, and would very aoon have disai^peared altogether ir various oUier revo'.ta bad not begun to shaw tbemselvea. Alvarez, being shut up in Acapulco, and rednced to tba greatest distreas by the cos étant opwatians of the gorern-ment troot», was aaved fnm iiia dangeroos poaüun by Gen. Don Felix Zoloaga, who went over to hia aide with tha br^ade under bis command. I never coald have expected tha conduct from a soldier wlu>m I bad iKKXHred with my coufidenoe, whom I bad juU before raiaed to the rank of Colonel of Battalion in actual service, and on whom I bad conferred the rank and title of Brevet General of Brigade, nils event gan fresh splnta to the revolt, and the factina progressed accordingly.  In spite, bowever, of aU the difficultiea with which I bad to struggle, I persevered in my Ulxu-s to acoomplisb ttie views 1 nad set befrare ma I next made a second expedition to tbe South—to Monlia—when aaother revolt bad made its appearance. A govarnment officer in the dty.of Zamora, wbœe name waa Negrcte, nroUed agabist bia snperiors, tbnw them into prison, and got tbe troops la join blm. AfewroTingsquads, who wenstnyinglniha country round, joined hia ranks, and formed a r^timent It became necessary, in eonaequenee, to act with celerity and decision hi this matter. Tnis waa d<»e, and with soca effiect that without any flgiiting all the biaw^enta fled away in all directicDa. I deapaiched troopa to parane tbeaa under tbe command of confidential oflioera, while aslnag brigade was left at Zamon, under tbe comaiand of Gea. Leonardo Marquez Afterwards I viaited other important poeta and left garrisoDs there.  On my return to the cairital the rev(A at Vidanrri ia the dty at Monteny broke ont He had pat In priaoa lha Governor and Military Commander of the Department, to whom he bad been secretary, and bad iaveated hissaetf with both commands. I hennpan aelaoted General Don Frandaco Guitian to put down this rebeiUoo, and ha marched against Vidaum with a brigade weU suppled with military armaaienta. After baviagdadiaed one battle with Vidanrri, this chief 01 miae deserted, wlthaB lhatroopa under his ooaimand, aad retnned to tbe city «rfSaa Lnia PMeai to ortanize arebeUka againat my govenunam, froa wbfch he bad recdved both pnoaotioa aad prtrflt. Foor days after my departan Avaa tha capital, b> ardor to «alt the oountry .Gniuan acoompUahod his rahatUan, andar lha nnteetkm tf Graeral D. Anaataaio Parrodi, Govwaor aad imitary Commander of Saa Lola Potoai, and waajdaedby Don Antonio deHaro y Samariz, who waa aaereUy hover-big about that regkm. and who bad eoaqrind agaiaat my government from the very time that be fintnootvad fkooa me the portfolio of Minister or Finan oe.  The nvdutloa of Ay nthk having aow oMataad the maa-tery throughout the whole reoabUe, Vidanrri contianed ia poaaeealoo of aU the oomeaada whkh he had aalaed apon, aad conferred nwm hiaaelfaad appeared heaeaforthm thecbaracter ofaGeaeraloriheanay. Parrodi also played a great part in the unhappy dsjna whieh laUowadsy departure tUl the time of his rirnitlatiiTn ta Gnatelajara. Ban y Samariz then conqiind »e»»«^ Oaaaonfort, who bad canned bimaelf to be etovatad to tha Pieaidanay, where be found aU hia great hopea mlaanblj itiaapfioiat-ed, be himself being tha eaoae of aoaaaa aad oveioa whldt aaonb^py people win never baahle to enaa fkoM their memory. Alas, what a aitaatian of thiaal Bias it ia that audadty mi nvolt, nbdbon, i^paU^de aad crtma, have been able to seize bddef the blgbaü posf aad ba-etaae decOTated with the benorair embionaand daoora-ti<a8 which only property beloM to maay yaan of tbith-ful service and real aaerit BaA violoá aad aadden tranafcrmatMuis make acme man laa^, white they fill otbm with indlgnatian, who an grioved at tha alght of these scandaloua deeda, aad who daplon tbe talal coaaa-qnenoes which resnlt from  ctnxal.  oC HoraUa aehoMn ta tbe c^«al, aad ntm era« ~  BKW  On my return trea tbe aad pr(()ecto wen apoke oonunonly oI the ♦Aifjugf began to  abona of beariag tha views (tf tha «oaBoâ'ofGover My sorpriM was gnat ta the axtroaae, orhaa I tend aaar-. lyaUthere^ieelaUeaaembenartheaDaBaato agno ta expreaatag the opiaien that the eaae bad oooorod ta which  heaalionongltt tofarm a gov«  loneatntieo. Bceor Conto, a man diaHacah hta  iargeead eaUgMened viewa,drawai' ptotareonhepositiBnaf thinga, aad of p^taig, which threatened to deateo> oaiBtry. Among other tUnga, ba aaid»^! L oatortaaately tha Preaidant of lha tapabUe ^ at ttia ooajaaetan to dte, than waaid net < a plaee ta whk* to eateheale hte Í lUa was a terrMa aptaian « badyoT  bofeag tatawticnal an thdr _____  ■thar begged ate to I bwiiideeanBaeasfce,— mm I wSddtoSuwMSwalwkalli  the oomaaa eaevy was ready aad usresaicns qpon aa, tka vfld th^ taearatoaa aad depredi .  eoveredw«hrobhats,naâtiaawa(a,aaftsv ahny« «n, bttter aad ficroe aoMea^ oOmt, tadtvIdBal srbwaiss «r personal amMtläa aad tadivldaal «aa the order of tha day; ta a anrd, Aa only before tbe coaattry waa that of a aiiataal oaf dhaoa. ItwaathalMatal8yatsaa,aäar which been raled. whiA was the caaae oT aach a aad aad da-plorahlaBitnrtte. Bnttai^ttear aU.thabMa,thatbith, the good wffl with whkA at aB ttaaaa I had lahand te tha  good of my ooontry, did aat flaraoka aa on lUa Hytag ooeadcB.  My labore wen coauaanead by crgaalatag a eabtaet I •tieeHd «tttnw who wtn tha aMit tHO^Mhart Ar  paMd to ma aa tha aaly 1 thatlshaald rriusinltr be pre  iadiraetiy 1 tantvedtbei  'for the  sr everybody erbate, aa«  ___ ____taeaafliatwlthil. Im  thearidatof ancha lahyrttth what w» tha baa ihiag tar thegovernsMattoOor Iben an, sasv^, ba*jw few penaaa who win aot ujulataaail abas noeiaMn I ^^^¡¡^¡¡¡¡^'^¡^^'^'^ obasaator  Saoamaattaaayreqwctiotbereqaeata mala to aie at mchatima, aspedaay when armed lactasw wen eon-spHag together against my aoibor^, woakl have been to degrade aad iat oowa the digaity cf gorerameat and g»eeewi*atw7ìal preoedoat. No,aanr cmllpk   

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Unlimited page views for 1 month Learn More

Introductory

$9.95

10 page views for 1 month Learn More

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Take advantage of our Introductory Membership offer and become a member for 1 month only for $9.95!

Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!

Your Membership Includes:
  • 10 page views for 1 month
  • Access to Over 155+ million Newspaper Pages
  • Ability to View, Save, and Print
  • Articles featuring over 100 million people
  • Weekly Search Alerts - We search for you!
  • & Many More Features!
Subscribe for a Monthly Membership only for $29.95
Your Membership Includes:
  • Unlimited Page Views
  • Access to Over 155+ million Newspaper Pages
  • Ability to View, Save, and Print
  • Articles featuring over 100 million people
  • Full Access To All Content including 10 Foreign Countries
  • Weekly Search Alerts - We search for you!
  • & Many More Features!
Subscribe for a 6 Month Membership only for $99.95
Best Value! Save -45%
Your Membership Includes:
  • Unlimited Page Views
  • Access to Over 155+ million Newspaper Pages
  • Ability to View, Save, and Print
  • Articles featuring over 100 million people
  • Full Access To All Content including 10 Foreign Countries
  • Weekly Search Alerts - We search for you!
  • & Many More Features!

What our Customers Say:

"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.

"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.

"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.

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