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New York Daily Times Newspaper Archive: April 17, 1854 - Page 1

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   New York Daily-Times (Newspaper) - April 17, 1854, New York, New York                                muobet a. ana jrriog NerwBpapar In _ _____ MT, and is _________Jew-York, Brooklyn, WUUams- _J dty, ft! TWBILVB AJfD A. HAjlrCBNTS a Ie to ths Carrier; Single Copies, Two Cum. hen.Jrtra DOLLARS a year: months Two ___.__ iBatf; three; months One Dollar and n ____tDoBahin cdrauos req.uire4   an army of men. As was stated, th s Infor- mation w u derived from a private eource. bat It is one which has seldom bean al fauli Few well-informed per- sons now doubt that in all of Impor- tance Austria and Prussia have to an understanding, but tbe return of Baron HESS may Hill for a time bo delayed, M he probably has to make arrangements with the Prussian military authorities, relative to tin positions which (be Federal ermien will eventually occupy Austria will naturally take on herself the defence of the Eastern and part of tlie m frontiers, w bile Pruesja aud the oilier Cer- I man Powers will (nm their faces to the Wcsl. Aisur- snces will of course be given (o France, that neither Austria nor Prussia entertain any hostile intentions to- wards her, bui there is evidently some slight fear enter- lalncd here tha( (he Emperor NAPOLEON may Btnoush object (o the neutrality of Federal neighbors, who liavi- bayonets at their disposal. That an extremely active correspondence is just now carried on between Austria and France is notorious, but llaron BocnQUE NET kecpH his owu counsel, and is as silent on the sub jcct as are ihe Austrians ihermelven Those politicians in the Wett whn calrnlate on tlie aciive assistance of Autlna and Prussia, must lake a one-sided view of things. I( would be plain aa'ltng enough for both If ihere had ncrer been a }ear 1772, but they are now faying i he penally for iheir share In thepar- ntion of Poland. The Intercuts of Austria in the East ere, diametrically opposed lo those of RIIS- fia, but Cslhcinand Craeow bind her !o (hal Power. Prcnrh Declaration in Regard to Neutrals- The following report to the Emperor, from the Minister ol Foreign Affairs, appears in the Momteur: "SiBE: At a period when maritime and commercial Interests occupy so large a place iu iheeils- (ence of nations, it IB (be duty of any Power obliged to wage war to take the ueccasary measures for olle-Viaiing as much as posvlble Ita eflecta, by leaving to tub com- merce of neutral natlone every facility compatible with the Vtste of hostility to which they endeavor to remain strangers, llut it is not sufficient thai the belligerent parties be fully determined lo respect constantly the of neutrals they arc bound also to aidcaior to cnlm down In (he disquietudes whlcli commer- cml mull are always so prompt to conceive, b> not allotv- ingany doubt to submit as to the principle which tbey intend applying. A MI of regulations on the duties of neutrals might appear i sort of infringement on the eov- creignty of eucli nutlonx at desire to preserve neutral- ity nliilc, on (he contrary, a spontaneous declaration ufihe (.rinciplca to which a belligerent party promi-ies to confi rm, appears tbe most formal testimony lhat U can give of foriLe rights sf oilier jiations. It Is tlitt idea thur, af.cr having conrcrteil with the Government ol Her lirimmic Majesty. I have tlie honor of lulimitnng to the approbation of jour Mnjeity the following declaration, lam, Sire wilh ihr greatest re- spect, jour buioblc and icry obedieut tervant and fulibful subject, PROUYN DK LIIUYS. (Approved of) NAPOLEON" The declaration is aa follows "DECLARATION BELATIVL TO NEUTRALS. LETTER' OF MABQUE, ETC. PARIS, March 2D. The Emperor of (he French, bring forced 10 tike up arms to succor an ally, desires to render the war is little onerous as possible lo the I'owere pith whom hr. rnmnins at jeace. In order to protect IBI> commerce of neuirsi from all uarlesa Impediment. His Majesty con- lor the present to ren unce n; art n ;hts which lit long to him as a oelligerfnt Poiter, in virtue of ihe right of nations. U Is impossible for His Majesty to renounce the eierctre of hie right to seize on articles of war in contraband, aud to prevent from the enemy's dispatches. He is bound also to maintain intnct bis right ae a belligerent Power (o prevent neutrals from vlulatlng any Mockado which may be by mi ans of sufficient forces before ibe forts, harbors, or coaata of the enemy. IJut (hr teasels of of His Majesty will not .selie on ihe property of the enemy placed on buaid a neuiral vessel, unless suoji properly be war supplies in contraband. His Majesty does not intend making use of tbe rlghi of confiscating tus prop- erty of neutrals found on board tlie enemy's vessels. His Majesty declares that, actuated by the desire to diminUb as much as oseible the evils of war, and to reclrlct Its operation to the regularly organised forces the S'aie, ho has not for the present any inton'.lon to deliver letters of marque to authorize the' operations of prtvatci rs." The Wefciern Powers and Greece. From tlie Pans Debuts. We hove received a letter from Constanlinopleof the Ifnh, mentioning an Interesting fac( whirh was not conlaimd In our former It Is the existence of a protocol annexed to i IIP treaty of alliance aigncd bj France, England, and Turkey. M ia therein specified lhat the three allied Pavers chnuld atldieas to the Gov- ernment of King OTHO, a collective note, calling on it to repreas by means In its power tbo insurrectionary which are beiug oiuanlzed iri Greece against (he frontier provinces of Turkey. Ii those remonstran- ces should be without effect, the Greek Minister at Con- stantinople would receive his passports, the political and commercial relations between Greece and TurVe) would be and tile two Western Powers gage, in care of need, (o Ii nd ihoir support in (he Gov- ernment of the Solian. Our correspondrni having In hi.-i last letter stated that the 1'ortc. hud demanded and ob- mined possession of tha key of tlie Russian embassy a' Pcra, now corrects his former xtatcmcnt, and xaya that, on the rejireneryalions of M DK BRUCK, who had been charged with the protection of interests in Tur- key, the Porlo hud not followed up itn application. Delglnrn and tlic Czar. BBBLIN, Saturday, April 1. Advices from Belgium mention lhat the Uti> inti- mation of the Monittvr that lllc Emperor of Russia had made overtures to too Emperor of ihe French of a similar kimtto thoEO rtjertcd by the British Cabinni, had pro- duced a very unpleasant feeling in Covornmcnt circle there. They i (ate, aa if (hey hail some grounds Tor tbe assertion, that the bait thai wa-' h. Id out was lue deliv- ering of Belgium and Ih-llaill to France's cupidity conquest, and the po'lilinr dlsgracnfutiicts ol ouch a proceeding in Ihe cn.se of Holland, with whicn Court tnd Russia thcreexist so many tiea of rulatiou-iliip. Is duly dwelt upon. It is interesting to observe tuai these two countries as nrinlv believe that Iliey were vlclims elect of Russia as Prussia doei. It would ile- sirulile lhat (ho Khoiild not make any mjro pre- cise cou.muriicaticnB, for tlipy would nlinost of m-casstiy rednre the number ol Ihosc who ut present feel themselves aggrieved by Ku.-sm. The and ihe I'nltr-d Stares. In the House of Commons, Sir G. PKCHKI.I. moved an to Her Majesty lor returns of all vet- eels, their names and tonnage, scried (nn suspicion of being engaged In the slave-trade.) and of Her Majesty's ships and vi previ July, House had appointed quite Into ibe amount paid by thia country for the sup- preetion of the slave-trade, and the manner in which the various treaties existing on (he subject were carried into effect. That Committee, afier obtaining very vala- uble evidence, came to the unanimous conclusion (hat Spam ought to be required, as far aa possible, (o carry out ihe i real lea Into which she had. entered with this country for ihe suppression of the slave-trade Tlie Government of Brazil bad already yielded to the repre- sentations made to them by Her Majesty's Government It waa show n, however, before the Committee that ifae conlinuid existence of the slave-trade was mainly at- tributable I o Its encouragement In the Island of Cuba, for, though the Captaine-General of that Island hod pro- resscdlo endeavor to carry out existing treaties, ii was noioilcne they had connived at the landing of slavea. H was stated bv Caniain one of ihe should show could combat, not peror of Russia, but rtieslavo-dealaPslio. JoT- Mr HOME cnppoTied the motion. Mr. EAM.UE cupnorted (be motion. It was that ths fraudulent and falthles. conduct of the SnanlgL. Oovernment should no longer be permitted. HosTu- emedly, unices she fuldlltd her engagements Wlto us. and took care that Cuba, should no longer be Ifto graa4, and indeed sole seat of the slave-trade, which she httd, undertaken to suppress, she eonld not fairly com ilftln if England took tu> measures to prevent Cuba from, falling into the bands of the Americans. Sir J. GB-ABAV said that, though he could not at aQ concur in the proposition that, by way of collateral ar- were to hand over Cuba to the United Slates, endeavors of our cruisers both on the coast of and on the coast of Africa should be, if possible, aug- mented, and every means used for securing the real co? operation of the authorities at Cuba. [Hear.) Mr. COBIIXH pointed out that (he ton. member for In- verness bed not proposed tbet we should hand over Cu- ba to the TJcited States, but simply uuggeated Um if ain, despite her solemn engagementa to the contrary, persisted In allowing Cuba to be the focus of Ihe slave- trade, she could not call upon ug to interfere, between her at d the United States in any course: the latter Power might adopt for the acquisition of the Island. He- wished to guard himself distinctly from the expression of any opinion as to whether it would be just Or right for America to buy puba, for he believed that they were more likely to become possessed of it by that means than any other but he thought, If they really attached much importance to ihe suppression of the alave-traqe) ae they bad always asserted, and as post experience had demonstrated, they would be guilty of great inzon- nttency iftley were to offer to defend by their the right of Spain to that island. He could not imtgtno anything more calculated to mako tha Spanish Govern- ment persevere In the course she had alwajs adopted with reference to the slave-trade, Uian to allow her to entertain a hope that we would Interfere to prevent America flom becoming possessed of tbe liland of Cuba. [Hear, bear.] The Spaxiish Govern- ment oagbl to be made to understand that by pur- suing ihe policy she had chosen, disregarding, as she did, the doctiiues of elvlliuulon and humanity by con- tinuing the slave-trade, she was fast losing tbe respect and Ejmpaiby of every nation of the civilized world, and, preparing the way for some atrong Power to take pos- pfsfon of lhat Island which she hod so scandalously alused. '1 In honorable baronei had sold that Slavery e-in.d hi the Urnied State-. Thnt was true, but the slave-trade did not exist tliere. I Hear, hear.] The Uni- ted biatt-b bud uociared the slave-trade to be piracy, and It was rrc-Kjuiu omdid to put thai nation on a par wttb Spain In keeping up that odious traffic. [Hear, hear-} Without E a> ing one word about the expediency of .firing Cuba to ibe l.nlu-il Slates, or enisling that country R> like poieeselon of the Island, he thought it would be greatly far the inlrrents nf humanity tf the Untied States, i r any othrr Power that would altogether dis- cuuntenance the itavi-traae should pattest it. [Choen.} Capialn SCODF i.i. hoped they were not about to throw a bone of ntion before the public, to be -carried aciors ihe n ater and ereatc ill will. He could say noth- ing of ihe or otherwise of the Spaniards being to retain Cuba, but did thank the Govern- ment foreiery effort they bad made to nuppivse the slaic- rrde. aitd hr ho, ed the HOUHC would never for- get that ll wan very iniifi before the friends of tbe aboli- tion of that traffic could carry the measure through Parliament. The Position of Anmrla and ttecent AdTnure of i lie Hnssian Armlen. From tht Itoudon Tirnex, April 5. The chief inlcrest in iho present situation of af- fiiirt abrund ie dividni lii-tiveen two subjects of erjual iniponance to ihe general mti-re.--ls of Kurope and to the conduct of ihe wai one Is policy of the German Pov trt., so far a-- n can lie a-ri-riained from the infor- mation trai.tmitied to us from lUe other the positwn IP atsumid by ttti Runtian army on the right bani. of the Dunubr. Tu we shall sue- c M neiy direel our aHcntion. Ih.- gsnect of affairs In Germany, and 'even at the C  followed np to tbla tiase In conjunction wiih the Cubinun of Vienna, Paris, and l.indcn, but more enpecially with Austria sid German lo labor for (he lestoration of peace, on (he banis of right. OB it has been laid down in the of Vienna, and reserving to ititil iLcpuvterul dixidinj; in fuvor of an aetlva in- tervention." OP ihrM sanctions the law enabling the State (o contract iliis loar far ex- military imrpuses. U would have been pre- ferable if tliie declaration had originated with tba Cabi- net thin ilie i b.nnlwr, fur tlic Crtiwn and Its Miniaicrs cm ieHi.idiobe bound by the resolu- tion f a nf Supply, nnd Jfaron confinid bimu-lf to u aiatemcnl that the Prussian Cabi- net coiitlnue (o us efforts for tbe restoration of pcaic in ci.njunciion wi'.li France. England, and Aus- tria. Bui we take Ibis ntsriutmn lo be a Creditable proof of ihe dec In- of ihe Lcglrlnture to support the pouticn ol the kingdom in Europe, and an expression of I'.ublir opinion winch even the Lourt would not find It -snfe to ose. At tbe same time Baron hat ar- rived in litrlin on a special m-asion of great unpyrtanct from and it Is said that Ilia instructions hate had ctnikidrnibls efTcn m strengthening the resoluiion of the Prussia n Government. Tbe rumor that a separate treaty or convention had been iiegotlaU d between Austria and Prueelala believed to be premature, If not all ogether though pro- bably three Powers may take meonurca to renew the Convention of Clmuti, which was concluded In iSil, and expires Iu May neU; bui ihe Prussian Government acema lather more lav or a tie to the adoption of protocol, lo be signed at Vienna by the Four Powers, for the purpose of uniting them with greater precision In the coarse tbey bave to pursue. The effect of snob a protocol would be to constitute a positive engagement on tbe part of the German Powers not iu taJcr any aetme measures adverse to the cause of Western States, and It would lay the basis of a nearer alliance, to which eubeeijnent events m glit give more activity and militaries. In dealing with tbe German Courts the Ministers of France and England appear to ua to have Flit.u n great iVIll and dUereiion In allowing them to ad ai ce at their owu oluw and faltering pace, without rdng on that account our own more vigorous pre- narailous. Sooneror lnu.-r, we trust that by the grow- ing I ublir opinion of Europe, by Ihe frash disclosures ol Rat-Man duplicity, oiid (he I'rrjsb InenrsloBe of ihe armies, the German Powers unit cor, pel (d to jam ut, and we only hops that they n'l wait do with danger and discredit whai they might bave done earlier wilh safety and with honor. The production of tin- Secret and Confidential ndrncc" bos had an immense effect In every pai t of ilie Continent, and more at Vienna, for It lurm out at the very lime the Emperor of Rus- sia ranking ihowt communications to Sir HAMILTON Siv.roiR, Minister at Vienna wne holding language ol a tolully chsrailvr to the Imperial Court. the dot umcnia publblied by the Dritlsh Oovern- ment mublrd more tlian one of the Continental Cabinets lo corn-ct Its eMimuie of the sincerity end good faiih cf Ruoaian diplomacy In its intercourse with tha reptof Eu.'Oje. Wilh reference to the last communica- tion ullegi d In hnve been made by the Emperor of Russia to the of 1'riifcBia. WK ran only remark that tf It were KII r IP. in d il it had bcin mode when Count Oa- fiiowrdid 10 Vienna, it might have contributed to (he rcMoia'ion of encc, but, taken in conjunction witn the evintp now occurring in tiie it can only be re- B" a fro-h a.icmin to impose ou the credulity of tl.e King of 1'ruHKia Ai.other o, nie which gives a mill stronger and more P'e Mng 1m1 to the pulley if the German Cabinets M 'Ac iticided advance'if the R'uisum forces on Ihe Lou IT Danube, ll ie now beyond oil doubt that the of that greal European river are completely held bj the St. George's mouth is barricaded by a chMn, in addition ihe bnr of mud or sand whleh the I.us linn lo accuniulatD, and the oc cur anon i f tie forts on Hie right bank is evidently in irnfi d to pfcurc lo KuvKia an absolute command of the river. 1 he anjle or d< Ha of (he panubo from Cicrna- w c da (o Galatt, aud along the ,-hore of Diissrabla lo tha sta, wai- defended on the rner side by the forts of llir- tois Mutscuin, Iboitcha and TulLscba and all these I ohiis e  immediate carnmand of Gi i rial LrjPEKs, acting under (he orders of Prince GOETSTHAI OFF end Gen SCHILDKR. At MalscMnthe liiioxisns huilt-rtd some loss b> ibe. Hie from tbe Turkish but ilic Turku are Ui have evaomted (luir entrinchmi-niB In the night. AtGoloJi, Gen I.LDESS croKFcd in persnn without opposition at ihe heid of thirteen bittalione. General OVTscHAHOrt i bcouniritd a more resistance in his passage 1m. ail lo Tulirciis, where the troops hod to land fnc. :hr inirenchmenlson tha right bni k wen tak< n By assail t ecus derable lass. Tulf- ffl.a is not in a condition to offer s long resistance, for tlie lort which 6Ti..'ed (hero till 182U was destroyed by ihe Ru mi B at the close of ihe lo.it war, aud the works (o ofler any uerlf.us obstacle to the aivonce ofa la'gc army. The loss of Hlrsova has vel to be explained bui lit ecms clear that the u hole nf the Dobrudtcka, in- cluding the pott nf Baka Doth, is in possession of t't Rutstant, uiho have probably before this assailed Dyke or Wall of Trman, and may proceed, It erf, to lay titge to SUittria itself. Tha distance from the passage of ihe Karasu, at tbe oentre of TRAJAN'I- Urea, is only 73 miles, and from rtara-ra to Sillstrla about 60 more. If the left wing RuFsiaii army succeeds in turning Suiatria, fiisy will m.iicrlelly fteilitate the erooslng of by the centre of the army at Turtukat, tha Turkic h position may be assailed from two Bliss at once. For several reasons, however, the OCenptttoD ot thU district Is of doubtful advantage. H la Intersected by pools and morasses, and Us few wretched traoks, us the thaw. might very safely be' withdrawn. The present Cspialn General of Cuba, alnce the report of the CommiUee had reached him, had: expressed his determination to all tha exertions in his power to pa( a stop to the slave- trade, lie {Sir G. PKCIIKLI.) ihoagbt, then, that this was the time for Her Majesty's Government to take ton Captain General at his word, and to test his sincerity by 1-eeplngnp tbo small naval squadron stationed on tho shores of Cuba. In 1612 (his country had upon that aia- tion six sailing and four sieomeri. which would be ami ly sufficient lo suppress the traffic, If they wero properly managed; but in this number waa Included th  NEWSPAPER! NEWSPAPER!   

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