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New York Daily Times Newspaper Archive: February 4, 1853 - Page 1

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   New York Daily-Times (Newspaper) - February 4, 1853, New York, New York                                nut mw-yoBK DAILY Tinea, jC TUT LABOB DAILY aambsT earn- or calamus, tad grriaf TWdlM nalttr Ihaa abjr otbar Newspaper la Uiitsd ls publtihnd CVBIT Momirmo, trayfrtf.) at No 1 13 NtssAU-sTRgrr, md ii In Brooklyn. WlUismsnurf and CJtj, for TJTM.VB A HALT Cfirrt wesk. par- able to earner. Single Cop lei. Two OKHTI. Mail Sub- Five DOLLAls six months. Two Dnllmn tad a Half: mnnthi, One Dollar and a in advance rsquired in all Country Hsrwcimpsm. PoaTAOB on TOR DAILT to any of TJnllad paid in advance at whsrs daUvsnrf esata quarm, 01 M aannm. THB NEW-YORK tl POBL1SKBD IVBBY EvBMITO, action will isiumi at 1. and other at 3 o'clock. P M. by mail. Et THE WEW-VOKK VTKEKLY TIMES, A THEY NBWsrAPIR THB COUNTRY, pub- Uaasd SATUBDAT UOKNIHO. at the low price of Two aaAQO. Tea copiei for DOLLARS, fwwitr copies fur TWENTY DOLLARS, will MMnss; and in no CUM eomtiuusd beyond the tins for waicb payment 11 miula. Postage oa the WcEKLT Toots, bv nail year, 11 aa followi: WtfeiB Conrly Free. Wtthia State 13 rnut a. the United Ztcenta. THE TIMES FOR CALIFORNIA.. A LABOE NEWSPAPER OF EIGHT PAOES, or Forty-Eight BI> expresslr for circulation m Ctltfornai, Pipfsa amd tKt SoiuJutcA hlandi, and containing only to readers In lectioni of the country, is on the departure of every Mail iteamer. Price ft emu a copy. Paymnti in all caini roait be mads in adranes. RAYMOND. JONES fc CO VOL. II.....NO. 432. NEW-YORK, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 4, PRICE TWO CKNTS. SPECIAL NOTICES. __ Hcmeval the mercantile At amevtiLt; of ike HI ol D im IIOIL nf ihr Mercnuuls Uhrvrj hitlfl following rep >rt m relation W ths iQhject of tbe removal ot tha Library presented REPORT Tha m confer wi'h tlie Trustees of IAS) Clinton Hall Association would respectfully submit the follow ibg Thai ih accordance with thoir duties the? waltsil upon tha of ihe (Jiuton Hall Association, anil lnvire; that the of iheir appomtmftnt was to infirm nmr body of 'he relative pAsttioni of Mercan- li Library Association and the Clinton Hall Association, frui Committee Uave obtained f'u u tht Trustees nf tha OinlrnHall Avorialion thit following shiwnie tilf and the for those actions of the said '.htm Thll in to the follnwiuR eflect Tint for some i'l rt ini'val am breu upim then, on accouAt the want of nuttublc arroni-idati n> OBIBT  c irry tun >rei; u  of me. in their iiiutnJ opinion. Icca um in tlir Ci.y of New fir ilia pn'roi- tlon us ihaald be expressed not on'y ymir ronkent toanpporl them m the whirh ihey >mve taken toward your AMoriiiiinii. the iniertiou of IB public print. Ihut nier'-Hiitiln c.-nnuiill'.jr mar properly Dbdeiitaud the uf Clinton Hall A norm lion IB to the I.plirarv Assormtion All of which respei tfullr J F HALSTEU, Chairtaaa. ABl V Hll.slLV, JR C WOOD Ciinnru'ee. I FELT. CLI.ITUN HJLL. f eh 2. IIM _ tSf Femoral of the MERCANTILE LIBRARY raeetinx of iho Bourd of Direction the Mercantile LilirarY As--oi-idtiou, he J eve- niat, Feb 3. lliJ, the lollowinr; anil resolutions sdoited by nro'e .f 10 to INiiy. Whrrtat, At a soeritl mvetiie of the Merranlile Library Auaciatittu, held on ol the 4th Nor lull, in eoni'irrtity wilU the pror of ihe Omitiiiitmn, tlin Beard wtre instructid (n inke tu Ihe re- OiiTal of Ihe Library. HI the an lociitiou 'O the vu-'nity of ml below Caiial-it. aoi aborf Aitor n are And Wlurets Upon tuc applma'.ion uf this Board, made in punnaooe n( mrh inMrurtious. in the Clintoa Hall As- sociatirn. a Pommiltce nf the Tius'.e t uf said after ara, iful ezammation of the iinoui Mte  7. AMSL1A Bl IIOMF.R. Seneca Falls, N.Y. Fev. L BROWN. Henriilta. N.Y. H ANTHONY. Hochenter, N Y. Will deliver Addreucs on the Law" and Temper- ance All fnendt of Tempe'arce. both Men and Women, are re- ppcctfu )y to bo preetnt. AdmitCanc.r 2i Meetin( locommoncn at7j o'clock. Tho pror.sf.ds of mteting will be t ipended m tha Temrjarmnco cause VFrottltant Second Anntw. sary of Joflersnu Lodie, No l.nflhis Association will be held >n No 718 above Uh-st., on FHIDAY EVKNINO.reh 11. 18i3. AJdreweswill berte- livtreO hy followim Ministers: Bev. 3. 8 iNsKTr, Bubject Glory o] PreMlantnn: F- W. BILL, Tkt moral and reliyvna future of Aaunca J B. FlULBT. Aonmum uirompaliite with ciml Tickets, 13 each. Doors open al C Dleetlns; to commence at T o'clrck. Auction at Mount law quantity of Onk. Hickory and other the New Haven will be sold in Ms to suit purchasers al o'clock P. M., At the same time, by anution or pri- vate sale house, lot, ham and s'ore, occupied by Post O'Brien, ntuated on .near lst-st., wiihm a few hundred of the depot. Terms eaay. Should tho weather ph-va nnfavorable, the tales will be adjourned to the first fair day ensuing. _________ IT Listen of Second Series will be riven THIS it 11 o'clock. Tht Grtcian Ele- ment m Culture is the subject of series It m- cludts the 1'Vinc of Art. and the place nf nvury juire Clauicfiom Homer to Ticketsto single M for liftesn lesions J3, at the book- etorrs near the T iy Pure Water for Ships and Steamen -All bt, provided with the Poroun Olnsi Filter ar- reidily attachtrt to Waier Jars and Tanks, andtae ihrouth u rendered as clear ai a crma] Vtstel" ran have a; all times by them, family Ontnn or any other river water should he provided with them. Depot, UOIHIC HALL, No. lit Broadway _________ iy Yruna Men desinms of j'linine a Literanr Society, an rf so doing, by iiUiudinr. niy of theVt.ll- meetiriri. nf ADniSONlAN SOCIETY, he'd up PATUfiDAY at No. JJ7 Bowery, np flier incites coi.HutirrMiite.F's'ajs Lee nrta. kc. COKBEIT. Dr. Rfdfleld, the ttntineunhed ilitcnversr anil an hor, ill a Lecture at THIS EVKNINCJ, up.in at No 113 HrosdwaT, corner nf Llspenn-d U cents At ihe place, Dr sives re nr.on Phitnolom. with eximiniitioiis Colnmbla The Intermediate Ersmins- tion will Drim at lu o'cltrk on 7th nist.. and be covdrjsl> d in the followinc order Prof McVlCKAX BelltH Lettren ind Senior, 7th; Junior i2th 17th Prof. Ecrlii-h and Lauu 8th Junior, 14th: SoDtionor'-ri 18th'. Prof. Natural Phi'ofnphr md Seniors, 9th Juniors. Sonaomr res, 19th. Pruf. Slaltieinalirf, und Astronomy 10th; Jaiiio', ISth Sophfimnren. 21at Freshmen, 23d Prof German Seninri, 11. h Juniors, 1Kb, Ktl UIK Prof Creel anil Latin Frenhmen. Uth. Reneots at the University, Pazrnts, Uuardiaus, the of the Board of Education. Trustees, Teachers of Public Schorls, and all interested in sducatioa, axe Incited to attend C KINQ. LL D Prn.jjent of Columbia Cbapel Letiarei The new of Lectures will be opened on FRIDAY EVENING Beit. Feb. 4, at I o'clock by the Rer. fouN LUDtow.D. D.. L. L D .formerly Provost of Ike University of Pena- sylTtiBia. and nuw Professor of Kceletiasticaf KisVory in the Semmarv at New Biauswick. His sub- ject, Jlormoxy Uunnrii Intellectual will be especiall' to our busiaen community. .ArimitiioB tt cents; Oxntleman and Ludios. f i 00 tae Course of tijtht Lecture., f r the of eieln Lectures, 10 M The holder twoToarte Tickets wrl be entitled to free admn- aton of a third person Tickets may be procured of TKR BROTHERS. No 285 BroaJwav of A. D. V. BAN- Broadway, and at the door. -THE KKW YORK AND NORTH AME- _.- ORAND UNH' V T> of 7 will hold their Anoi- TsrraJT on FRIDAY EVENING, (Ith inst Hetropoli- taa Broadwajr. nearly opposite Bond si Ailtlrssses bv P T. TABHUM JOHN B. Gouoit, and others Music by WM. H OAJtLKir. leadsr of tie just returneJ. from California. Tickets 13) cents Exercises to com- mence at 7) o'clock (This Socitlf baa no connection with tbs Woman's State Temperance lately held HM> pdnllc and the friends of Temperance invited to fill ens ipacioas Hall HE. DIKKMAN. Secretary. FOR THE CBY6TAL PALACB. Loilllo, tn.8. B. will make oilgiial ___ and working for manofaetur- atkaM. who to specimens of slsgant tbe Orrat Exposition, such as costly furni- t oslain, lamps, gntes, r 4th av. TJpsilen will be a 1 D_l KTnBilnvt trrat The Pncinc Itnllrond-How Shall U be DulltT CorruionJmre of Ihe New-York Datlv Tvnei. WA-UINOTO.I, Wednesday, Fob. S, 1853. In fulfillment of a promise made some time since. I propoto to consulcr tho sererat proposi- tions pending before Congress for the construction of a Railreail from the valley of tho Misiianipoi to the Pacific Ocean. Notwithstanding the delay which has attended the consideration of tins gub jec let us still hope that this important measure will be ere tho adjournment of Con- gress, and if this hopo is not fallacious, it is rea- sonable to expect thit tho plan of the work finally agreed upon will he selected from among tho sev- eral propositions now ponding in iho National Legislature. Whal arc those First, WB tne bill introduced by Mr. Owiw, of California, which propones a mam track from Memphis to Snn Francisco, with several branches lo Oiego, St. Louis and the Uult ot Mexico. The means for carrying on lha work arc to be provided from the salo of public lands, im- mense tracta nf which, on either side the road, are set apart for the purpose. That so great an enter prise could never rely successfully on such a basis, would self evident. A. rery brief calculation Us absurdity. FiHy thousand dollars per mile nuiBl bo calculated us tho cost of the pro- posed Railroad. Tho road will be, al the least, two thousand miles in length, II completed in ten years, an average length ot two hundred miles per year must be constructed, requiring an outlay of per ajmum, to raise which about otght inilliuiiB acres of public land must bo sold at tho minimum price of 81 per acre. Does any one believe that this amount could be sold even during the first year of the work Surely not. Tha amount is greater than is now sold per annum of the public lands within tho limits of all our States, at the same price. What talismanic charm does i tbe Railroad project possess that it may be ei- pected to induce such immense purchases of land outside the bounds of civilization But thu view presents tho case in the most favorable light. If the Road is to bo built at all, it should be completed within five years; and to do that, tho whole line, or nearly the whole, would need to bo put under contract at once. The capi- tal required to do this two thousand miles of road at per 000 to procure which, eighty millions acres land must be sold, at SI per acre. It ia true that nearly twice that amount of land is donated, and there- fore that it could bo sold for 75 cents per aero. We shall not find it necessary, however, to make any argument, to show that this great mass of land would be utterly valueleau if forced upon tbe market; and that, therefore, neither reduction in its price, nor the increase of its quantity, would avail at all in securing the object for which donated. But evon if it could effect it, there are few, I opiuo, who would not consider such an ap propnation of the public domain a prodigal and senaelcsfl waste, if the important work ia vlow can be attained in any way, at a lest to the Government, and with equal certainty. These lands, at some day, must bo valuable to tho Na- tional Treasury. But they are especially valuable for purposes of ecttlement. Experience has taught that tho actual settlers on a great route of travel are tho best and cheapest bulwarks against the encroachments and depredations of savages. It is all important, then, that our settlements push out and keep pace with tho conatruction of tho Road itself. This would bo defeated by tho bill I am considering, admitting that it could be effectual in securing the prosecution of the work. If money could bo raised upon tho donated lands, it would have to be by mortgage. Tho mortgage would at once render the land inalienable; and thus the settler would be excluded, unless willing to with tho certainty staring him in the face that his improvements would, soonor or later, Inure to tho benefit of the mortgagee, against whom he would have no pre-emption claim, in the case of the squatter on tho unsold public domain within the States. No permanent or prosperous and favorable settlement of tho country could be expected under such circumstances. It will bo noticed that I have based all calculations of land on tho sin- lie lino of road, two thousand miles in length; whereat the bill proposes some seven thousand miles or more. This, however, in no manner changes tho aspect of the case, oicept in so far as it strengthens the objection against the alienation of such Immense tracts of land, and placing them In the hands of speculators who will hold them for gain, instead of keeping them within the power of the Government who holds them chiefly for wise and beneficent purposes of enlarge ment and growth of the Republic, to which end alone, are directed Its ordinary measures for the disposition of the public domain. The objections to Mr. GWIN'S scheme then, are 1st. It proposes the construction of seven or eight thousand miles of railroad, where two thou- sand only are necessary to secare tha grand ob ready means of communication between our poiritaaiona on Ibo Atlantic and Pacific; ant therefore, its tendency is to delay In greater or ess degree the speedy completion of the work. 2d. The land scheme can never be made effect- ual in securing tho construction of the road, be- cause not competent to furnish the necessary means. 3rd. Even if tho necessary money could bo raised upon tho lands, the lands themselves would be withheld from salo in small lots, and thus, necessary to the preservation and maintenance of the he effectually estopped. 4th. It would be a squandering of the National wealth, to donate one hundred and fifty-four mil- lions acres of public lands for the construction of tho matter how Imminent tho necessity for its well satisfied that it could bo secured by no cheaper means. That tho latter condition cannot be pleaded in justification, I think I shall be able to show conclusively ore I leave the subject. These objections have combined ,to defeat Mr. Gwih's scheme and already its friends have abandoned it altogether, as was admitted in the Se- nate to-day. It would have been unnecessary to make reference to it, except that some of its fea- tures are revived in other ponding propositions, and all of them may bo so revived, ere the discus- sion ceases. I have spoken of this plan as Mr. GWIN'B Bcheme. It is due to him that I should repeat what I have intimated in former occasions the echomo was not his, in a sense which implies personal defeat to its author. He intro- duced it. not in tho expectation that it must carry, or that it would be decided to be the most feasible sehfme. He presented it aa a means of introduc- ing the general subject. It has done its work, and in whatever form, the bill shall finally pass, to tho Senator from California will belong tho credit having taken the initiative at the present session, and of having urged tho subject on tho attention of tho Senate, and thus made it the measure par txceltcncf of the titling Congress. But my letter has grown so long, that I must dofur considera- tion ot ihe other projects until to morrow. s. LATEST INTELLIGENCE Uii JTclfflrniil) to tljc Neto-Yotlt The SbaoilDK Affair at the Rational Hotel In Special to the New- York Dailt Tinri. Wednesday. Feb. t. Tho shooting aflair at the National Hotel to- [light, has created great excitement. SCIIAUM- fiKiuj delivered himself up voluntarily tolheauthor- ities, and was committed to jail by Justice MOR eKi.f., HII counsel are Senators HALI, COOI-KR, SOUI.K, and RICHARD S. COXE, F.BIJ. COOI-XB, arid other frmnds MBilcd him at jail to night. SniAUMRCiKi is a native of Louisiana, and was for many years Lieutenant of the Second Regi inenl of Drngoona, to which regiment ho still claims to belong. It will ho remembered that bin case has been before tho Senate for several ynara on a contested question of resignation. He has many and influ- ential fnends here, where lie ia well known and generally esteemed. From personal acquaintance, all arc satisfied that ho would not have engaged in he encounter except mnder tho smart of a gross ndignity. Ho is a resident of Philadelphia, and married a sister of Col. JAMIS PAOB. FULLER ias his family here. Ho formerly kept a dining house and other hotels hero. At this hour it in doped that his wound is not mortal two days ago enclosed a copy of his abusive hand-bill to SOIADMDUIO, threatening if no did not pay his demands forthwith, ho would post him and ruin his reputation. SCIIAUHODRU paid no attention, and FM.LER did post him in gross teims. SCIIAUMDURO notified him that he would certainly shoot him. This evening FILLER passed SniAUMDURo on tho steps of the Hold, turned around, tauntingly peered into his face, and then SCHAUHBORG shot him. Tho ball has not been extracted. It is supposed to have passed through his liver. s. Oossip nt Waihlnston. Mptaal D.ivatch to Iht York Daily Timti. WAHIIIHOTOM, Thursday, Feb. 3 Hon. JOHN P. SANBERSON, of Philadelphia, was to-day nominated as Judge for Oregon. Mr. BAHTLETT, Mexican Boundary Commis- sioner, appeared to day before the Senate Com- mittee, for the investigation of the charges againut him. The ex parte. evidence tends to corroborate the chars FULLER, who was shot yesterday, is easier to- night, but there are no hopes of his recovery. There is a strong reaction among tho condomners of ScHiffMBino, in his favor. A inter from Concord states that Gon. PIIRCB will leave for Washington on Monday weok, posi- tively. The debate in the Senate to-day indicated that RUSK'S Pacilic Railroad bill will not pass in its piosent shape. It will probably be modeled so as to put tho work in the hands of tho New-York Company, and thus secure its effective prosecu- In that shape it ought to pass, and will pro- bably do so, The Houai) will pass any bill that the Senate sends them on this subject. a. rVomlnntloni find Appointments. Sptftal Dispatch to tht Ntu- York Daily Timti WASHINGTON, Thursday, Feb. 2. GIORUK W. WKIOIIT has been nominated to tho Senate as Suti-Treaaurer of California. Mr. WELLKR opposed him. JAMBS C. WARD has been appointed Deputy Collector at San Francisco, vice C. K. GREENE. Mr. HAHVIY, of tho Philadelphia North Arner- ican, has been appointed Superintendent of Pub- lic Stores at Philadelphia. s. XXXIId CONGRESS.. .Second Session. SENATE___WASHIKOTOH, Thursday, Feb. 3. Various petitions were presented. Mr. SMITH laid that Mr. Dixoif had been compelled lo leave Iho city, on account of 111 health, and he moved that his place In the Select Committee on lha Memorials of Messrs. WELLS, NOBTOK andJACKsett, be filled by the Chair. The motion was laid over. Mr. Downs reported a bill for the relief of Joseph WIL- COIBOH, of Missouri, which was panned. Mr. from the. Committee on the Contin- gent Fund of the Senate, reported two resolutions on tha subject of tbe claims of ROBKBTSOH, Tor Immense damages for his arrest during the session of 1830, under an Impression he Intended an assault anon Mr. CLAT. The memorialist was paid 9100 two yean ago, and has since been Importuning Senators in the most pertinacious manner, orally and in writing. One resolution wu, that bin prayer be rejected, which was agreed to. The other was giving htm 1150, In full satisfaction of all conceivable claims, and to enable him to return to his Iriends In New-York. Messrs. UALI, WALKBB, BUTLER, and DOUGLAS op- posed tbe last resolution. Messrs. BADOIR and UNDKBWOOD supported it. It was then laid on Ihe table. Yeas, K Nays, 31. THK WABIBOUSE BILL. Tne Warehousing bill taken up. Mr. MILLXB stld there were two objections lo this bill. Under It the Importer could deposit hbj goods In own or any othtr private warehrace, and It WM highly probable that U would lead to on the rere- nne. He objected to the propoMd ehmnfe of allofrlaf three years Instead of one, for tho warehousing of Intended for consumption. At present, the Uw allowed the f ooda to remain ono jear warehoused for consump- tion, and two when Intended for exportation. act made no difference between goods entered for consump- tion or for eiportallon, but gave the Importer three joarB, during which he mijht allow them to remain ware- houted for either purpoio. The effect of mo bill wotnd be to establish a dcput In the United States, where for- manufactures might remain stored for three years, without the pay man t of any duties, giving ifce linporter tbe opportunity of consulting tbe market and bringing his Roods out of warehouse whenever a Inferable occamon presented itself. He would not object so much to allowing Intended fur reexportation, to remain wsjehouBed (br three yean, bnt he did object to allowing thon Intended for consumption to remain llial time It removed the slight check now af- forded aiainit over-imponatlon by tho requirement of all ddtUs to be paid in cash. By this bill that little collat- eral protection lo American Msnufantures tiihen away. Tbls bill would allow the foreign manufacturer of Iron lo accumulate his fabrics In New York ant! Bos- ton, and enable him to take advantage nf any sudden rise In the market to anticipate his American competitor at his own door. The American manufacturer had a rich! to such advantage, SB bU natural petition an a tlie of the country afforded him of being able to supply any sudden call for hli manufactures but this bill will givs to foreign rival ihi opportunity of accumulating bit goods in this country In large quintiilas, and thus dtfeal all the natural advantages of the American. The object of this bill, It wan said, wan to glvo encouragement lo Commerce, by at owing tno col- lection of goods here in grder thai mixed cargoei fur reexportation could be easily furnished K thii bill confined Iho articles allowtd to ba warehoused for Ihreo years, to sunn, as were not manufactured In Ihla couutry there would not bo ma much objection to It. Bui why allow the foreign manufacturer to establish large warehouse! In this country, where, without the check of the pa) tneni of large cash duties, lie sup- ply, at fall convenience, and according to thedrmandaof the innrset' ll was promised that the tnufT of '46 would eiteud great benefits lo our manufac- but now the only protection U afforded Uiein wag to be taken away, by tlie abolition of the provision re- quiring the payment of duties, and the foreigner al- lowed to wart-homo a aloes EUfTlcient lo meet any de- roind of Ihe market, iron win now advanced but, un- the uieann ot ihe lo lake advan- tage of II, were nhaili ml and broken. Iuppoae It should full. England could accumulate in this country a large tupjily, ami, under tins bill, could keep It here fur three jeaiB without the payment of any duly, and art- vantage of any rise which, during that lime, might lake place. While ihe American nianfacturers, having Muall capiial, and wtio ionk to ready sulcn, CUM have nn aurh opportunity. What waa inoro 10 prevanl Enpllebmeii from establishing In oliher (looton or New- York a drjiol for coal, and when a demand ihould uccur luril, and our domestic commerce deranged ami crippled, ihcy can -withdraw U from iho Warehouse, and tuj'jity Iliat demand, anil iliould there not be a dumnnil, they can lake U bnme again without being compe Itxl to pay any duly. Tbe tariff set, ho thought, hail boen beneficial to foreign commerce, but most ruinous lu ilj- miMIc ciiinmeree. lie read an article frum an [isper, dilating upon the favorable of trado wllh llilu cimnuy, by which Enflinil was ID reap lha benefit of Colonial reciprocity with ihe United SIMCB, and the laller lo be supplied wilh manufactured frum KrigTanit. lie thought thin hill would place another trump card In Ihe banda the Dnlmli. lie gave no- tice of an amendment excepting from the Imports to be warehoused. Iron, manufactured and in bnii Mr. livnTXK tali! thai he thought he cuuld in flve mlnutti ihow that the Senator hint iilmrly mistaken Ihe object of the hill. He moved tlio bill ba postponed till to-morrow. Agreed to. Tin WAVY. bill lo re-Orcintte the Navy waa taken up. Mr. STOCKTON moved slity ill amendment" tn Ihe lull, which, ht> told, had received thn Hinruon of thu two Committee! of Cungresi nn Na'al Affairs and of thf Navy Department. The fir HI anienrimnnl wai in Insert ihe word "active" in the fl'nl line of the hill, B i ititi It Would read "That the ncilve cmnmiiiiionrd umi-oru of iho Uolif d States may he, bin Html! not extted tbe num- and Ac. Mr. HALB thought there wan Activity In thai word ncllve." There were now Ofl in the Navy, of whom 38 had been for yeara waning orrferi. Ii these 38 Tvero to be sel ailde, there would be 3V oilier active men put In ihrlr place, lie could not how ill In ronld hcrlone throughout nil thn graden, without largely increasing Ifie whole number oflhe Navy. Mr. STOCKTON and thla bill traa 10 make an nfDcicnt by bavmg nune but active meu si olllrcra He ill fired 10 have the aixty-etgUt Captains of me N ivy acme men. lie dcsind lu put UBidu ikoao mun who paiHrd their grand climacteric, and Inveaciive men put In Ihcir Mr UUHTER thought It would ho belter not to prncrcd more gradually than the Senator proponed. rlimin- ralion of ofllori and hid proposed retired lint, were donhtlesn very proper, hnt had not bi-tter estuhllih hia grades and propose his lml. and then, after the iilDit-ro had bfrli if more were wanted, it would be rnsj tn add them Mr STOCHTOH said he intended, at the proper time, to turnnlt a proposition lo double ihe navy. California with her icliltn Hani's, ber valllea, and her forems, desired proteclion, ihoutd have It but there wni no navy tu do it with. When gonilmnen coiiMilf.rrd the powerful f fleets on tlie world of the tor- riftr proiiunclamrnloa which daily emanated from this arstnal of words, they muni greatly underrate lha effect of ihelr own speeches, or they would nee the necessity for augmcuilng the navv. The lima would mine when, unless there an efficient navy, Ihe commerce of the nation would ba swept from ibe MAD. Mr. MALLOHT explained that the bill reduced the officers in commission by 17. Mr. HALE argued that the retiring of a large number nfofllcera, and filling their places with others, would be an actual Increase of iho Navy. Tho officers who have waning orders are nol out of lervire because of in- efficiency, but fur wanl ol employment. There was nothing for them 10 do. lln argued with tho Senator from Virginia, that ll would be bolter lo ancertam Orsi, how many old fnglta oufhl to ho retired, and how many of Young America were necessary lo till their AfUT further debate, llin question was tnken on In- serting ana agreed 30 14 All the other amendments changing ihe dotails of ihe bill were adopted together, without being read Mr. HAMLIM offered a illghl amendment. Agreed to. The bill waa ordered lo be enjroised and printsd as amended. MISCELLANHOIIS. The bill authorizing registers to American-built ves- sels, owned In whole or In pan by who havo not completed their naturalization, paisod. A number of Houiebiila were referred. Tno private bills were passed. PACIFIi. RA1I.BOAD. Tho Pacific Railroad bill waa taken np. The question pending waa on Mr. URODHEAD'I aab- Mr WILLKR replied lo Mr. RATAID and Wr. BRIUHT, who ipoko jestrrday, denying that there waa anything in ihe bill creating a monster corporation, surpassing In ita overshadowing influences Ihe United States Bank. Mr. BAYABD replied by reading the thirteenth section of the bill, which that the persons to whom Iho contract shall be given, shall bo Incorporated with all the powers neoeseary to carry into effect the construc- tion of iho work. Mr. COOPER wan In favor of tho amendment. lie thought the bill clearly estahhshcd a corporation, which, wilh its immense capital, would control iho future ac- tion of Congress, ami eventually saddle the Government with the whole cost of the road. Mr. WKLLER said when bo spoke of tlie bill ho did nol know of ibe contenla of the thirteenth acctlon, ho now believed the bill did create a monster corporation, and that under the given to ilfjby Ihli bill, ll would have ihe right 10 imue hundredH of millions of dollars of paper money. Unless the bill was modified in this particular, he could not vote for It. Mr. DAVIS gol the floor, and Ihe Senate adjourned. has hwme mme valuahle than ihe g'dd dollar. Tits gemlcn.gn from Tennessee asjn CongraMoaniioiBlunge iho commercial value of coin Thia faci demonatratei ihe necessity for the action proposed, as the eom-nemal value La> changed linta lua irnpreasion waa made by iht Government. Mr. SKKLTON remarked, in lo the gentleman, Ihal the dinisae is understood, and, funher, that there U a remedy If ihe gentleman not understand ibe dlaeaae, It places him In tho position of a quark. Mr. JOHNSON, of Tennessee. Interrupting, aahed, eup- pnre Doctor CUBWIN, Doctor LAW ninrK, the Commltiffl of Ways and with ihe Eircuilva al head, are eallid In, and (his llooko comes In Ihefr relief, and everyone of these dnctora propoio a different rernedy. wonld all of ibe remedies be nocessarv, or wblch one of them would be adopted Mr SKELTON replied ha bad no knowledge of Dr. LAWRBBCE or Dr JConwiN, but presumed they were Ihe special doclsrsfor thin dineare, and did nol know the remedies However, the disease Is a change of the com- mercial value of silver, broughl about by the increase of gold. Ws have two metals representing the currency. If ibere was bnt one there would ba no disease. Tnn, Ilka other diseases, hai remedies, and miy be reached by remedies of an opposite by chang- ing the value of gold coin by making it heavier la pro to the rtamp value, or changing the silver com by making It lighter in proportion to tne atamp value. By adopting the latter, nothing will be taken out of any body'n pofket, and the cum would circulate with the gold ue could show the gentleman from Tennessee vvlialis Ibe nature of the disease, and IH a nmedy to mut the difficulty In the bill before the Unune. Mr. JOHNSON remaned hta plan ii tolil thn piticni alone, wtiicU would be far belter than to employ the Mr. SIIELTOH said, that, like the Irishman's aecrel, tbiswtn no rtoiidv at all. Every day the patient is growing worse, and will continue to gel wnrgn if let alone, because with Ihe Increasing arrival of gold, tbe camrnerrtal value of metals Is constantly ciianging. Tbe mnmlng hour riplred. Mr. HOUSTON moved Ihe Hume rcBolve Itself Into Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union, but the motion did aralnsl 89. BAILIOAH IBON. On the 17lh of July Int. Mr. MACK Introduced a bill to admit railroad iron frie of duty. Thii. on motion of Mr DEHI. won laid on the table. A motion baa ever circe birn pending to reconsider thit vo e, and this morning the Ilonntlaid that motion on the table, by Ycai SS, Naya SS. CEKSU1 RKTUBVS. Mr. COBMAN, from iho Priming Committee, reported a bill prosiruiK for printing the reiurns of the Tenth Ceiieus, which informally panted over. THE ABMY. The House wsnt lulu Committee on t) c bill The amendment pending was rcMoie civil for the rr.Ultary nl the armories. Mr. said he had intended tu addrops thr cum inlitee on the proposition heretofore presented by limi, to rhanfc mode of electing fur President and Vjcc-Prenidrnl, bul as he noticed a disposition to debate the Army hill. In order, he would defer On remarks until thr next pesnlon. If he should he here. Mr. vin ol Mass opposed tho pending amendment ohjcrling 10 any change in the superintendences wuh- eut at obtaining ufllcial dam tu warrant the Hoime in so doing. The committee roue and Ihe House ad- juuriitd. NE1V-YOKK SENATE. ALBANY, Thursday, Feb. 3 Mr. VAMJEBLII.T reported a bill the mode of collecling laieu In New York. on ihe hill relative 10 the Montgomery Mining Company. Mr CLAtx gave notice of a bill relative, u the sale ard manufacture of imoiiralliig ll'i'iorx. Mr. VmnrjiniLT, notice of a bill to incorporstr the New-York Corn Exchange. Mr DKNNETT called up ills resolution in refereaee to the Atlantic and Pacific Hallway. Tho Senate look a re< sa The cuimdciation of ihe Atlantic and P.viri" Railroad wan rcpumed Mr COOLEV challenged lha friends of the hill lo dhow thr power gl'cn hy the t'onKlltution to to ih  FULLM, pronouncing tcBAUMnwia a liar, Mward and twtudler. The Ifttlligmeir and give cnrrsct accorfnts of ihe ICHAUMBKSO shooting affair last faienscry excited rrowds lingered ahont ibe Nitlonal until last ntrg Public sentiment here, many think, demanded the act. Many BciiAUMBcan's frlenda were eattinf bis acqcamtanre In unanawrred publication. Both were la ibe prime of life, and werr well known lo the eommnaHy. PDLLIB waa tn re fit agony lael evening, but was pat to sleep by powerful opiates, and Is rep'Tiad easier this morning. A sligbt discharge of bile from Ihe wound Indicated tnat the ball ptnuraled Ibe liver, and physicians think ba cannot survive many days. Washington Herat. WjitHintTOH, Tnnraday, Feb. 3. An eflurl is being msde to mduce the Postmast- tr GrnrrsI, to extend the mall service by a now route from Njw-Orleans lo Vera Crui, acroos the country, Arapnlro, to San Francisco. tonirai'ort demand per annum for the rcnice, and say It will re- only 17 da j a The Postmaster General as Congress has not aulhurtstd this new mail ser- to California The argument In the India Rubber Paisnl BxlenaJoQ r.ipc was commerced yesterday before tbe Comtalssilon- fr of I'alriita. E N. Dicxinaon and JAS. T. BBADT, Erijts., appear fur the comblnalinn, and N RlCHAIIMOK, E. F. HOUOII sod R. U. UILI.ITT, Ksqra., (br bfr. DAT and other opponents. J. E. HAIVIY, of the Phlladrlphla Aourtean, whom ihe aewrpapcis have reported cntlcally 111, haa returned to Washington in Improved S CLIVILAHD, of Cono., was appointed an Assistant CleiK In the House of Rspreaeotativca in place of another removed. I.EBOi'x, (ni thirty years a famous guide in i he Rocky Mountains, arrived here yesterday, lie has journeyed to California by roar different and Is prubabl) more familiar wiiu thn whole country than any man lining He says ihe route na which happens to be tbe roule selected by Mr. CWIN, deci- dedly ibe thorlral and best for a Railroad to San Fran- cisco. Rhode Anil-Llqnor Jail Escape. PRUVIDKNCI, Thursday, Feb. J. It was expected tl.'ai the vote upon tha main question of the Anii-Llijuor Law would be taJton Ihla uui. upon motion, thr hill was ordered to be engrossed, and made the order of the day for Tuesday neil. A motion was msdn to submit the bill in its pre- vent form lo ibe Supreme Court, for an opinion upon its tut U wan loct by a vote of 36 to 49. A regular stampede took place on Tuesday last among ilic prifcontrs confined In the jail at Bast Greenwich. Scxcii ciiminals their way into tbe and, armcil with crowbars. Ac would have succeeded tn iiiaVirg good ibeir etcnpa, harl ii not hern for the pre- sence ot rnlnd of lac Sheriff. Ttie affair Irvnkrd formida- ble, and It wis frrurd HIM bloodshed would lake pliee tnluie ortier could fee remored. Later from sT the. Black Wnr- rlar ui Fire at over Hull n Million. NEW Wednesday, Feb 3. The steamship Dlark Wurrtor, Unplam SHC- >FLrir, arrivtil al Molitle at noon lo-day, from New- "i nrK VIH She brings dales from the latter port lo Jlst January The T S uluop-of war Cyanr was In port, all well A great continuation has occtirri-d it Cardenas. Tlie loss IB tcliiriMfd at over lialt'a million of dollars Tlie wiathcr hut been very severe in Ibe Gulf, and iiixn) Tcficln litd put back to Havana In distremi. TearH wen- entertained for the safety of the British n ail oKatnthip from Vrra Cruz, she being considerably ManlnndJLeclilainre- Kailraad tnMlllsieacft.lic. DiLTiMoii. Tnnrsday, Feb 3 _ A bill been proposed in the Mari Lcgie- laiure, lo s Company In rnnfracl a ship Ca- nal from Chesapeake to Bay, with a capita] of A Committee ofthe havs reported against the repeal of tlie law, prohibiting the Issue of noteaunder J.'i hy ihr Hank ofthe State after ln< Marcb ibe reformed gambler, leetnnd yesrterday to the nitmbem of the Maryland Legulaiare, eiposiaf ibe iru ks'of painhU rs Thr rubfcnptmn boots of the Alexandria and liar" Ferr) Railruad. art to he opened on Ihe Mth March. Cborlestoo Races. CifAiLEhTOK, Wednesday, Peb S. At nur raros Jrflfrson Davis won the purse In two heals, lour milrH each Time, 7 ra. 43 a. and 7m <6 s. PIHT< IU'B Clcnrne Coll won the ni'Tcltln- eo5 stakes in two brats of two miles each. Time, 3 m. 44 s and 3 in 46 s .VJ-VfirVD DA T Thnrsday, Feb. 3. C  man, residing in Pmstown, while eroeslrxf irark cflbe Troy and Boston Railroad, near Sehaghll- cukc, Kenseclaer County, In a sleigh, came in eolllsAon wilh a freiiht train from Boston, ami waa Instantly killed. Mrs STOVIB, who waa also in the alelgb, waa seriously injured. JEdward Evrrctt elected V S. Senator. flofcio.-., Thursday, Feb. 3. The State Senate voted, for L7. S. Senator this morning, wuh inc tollowtnc result ......Jft For Kiiward K.vcrctt Stephen C Thillips 4 For Caleb Cunning 3' Hon. EDWAID EVEBETT consequently Hon. .lonx DAVIH as Senalor frum Maasochusslta. Tbe India Rabber Cue. WASHIWOTON, Thursday, Feb 3. A fine array of legal gentlemen were present at Iho office of ihe Comminnioner of Patents, lo-day, lo hear the arguments ID tbe India Rubber CSM. Mr- DicKiSfOK coocludid (or GooniEAB, and Mr. RlfIIABD- SON follows to morrow for DAT. Tbe Maine Senatorahlp. AUGUSTA, Me., Tnursday, Feb. 3. A srcond ballot fur U. S. Senator, took place in our Legislature to day. The vote in the Senate waa ibe same ss yesterday, while In Ihe U was fol- lows W. P. FESSMDI-H, Whig, 70 DAWA, W; scattering, 10. Destructive Fire In BOSTON, Thursday, Feb. J. The dm? store of HBNSHAW, EDMUNDS Co. No 3fi India sireel, was destroyed by flra at 3 o'clock this morning, insured lor principally In tbi" Kteamablp Paclflc Spaken. BoaTOM, Thursday, Fsb. 3. The ship Iforth America arrived al this port, saw on the I7ih ult In lat. 43 49, Ion. M 4, steamship Pacific frcna New-York for Liverpool. The Jtrryl Resene Trlais-aalman Acqnltud. ALBaity, Tboraday, Fsb. 3, P. H. T SALMON has just been acquitted by the Jury in ibe JBBBV, Rescue eaae. Tbe CSJM of IBA H. Coal will be ncit colled on. Hon. W. L. MarcT at Savannah. CflABLUTOit, Thursday, Feb. 3. Hon. W L. and son arriTexl Savan- nah from Florida. the Canada. Thnrsdmy, Feb P. M There is no appwinca tbe np to thbj bour sbe Is now in bar tin. H. B. STOWB will tot Englmd Uui flnt of April company wttb oer hrotber, CBUBLW BBICBIB, of Newart, N. J,   

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