Banner Of Liberty (Newspaper) - February 6, 1861, Middletown, New York gn Inbepbmt ll VOL. XIII. gtotrorating 4M anb gleligtoss Iwbom, tje Constitution anb uje Union, anb deposing Jriestaraft anb all as Cognate Is MIPDLETOWff, N. T., FEBKUAEY NO. C. MOXIUY, JAN. coinmu nications wore received from tin1 Mr. Douglas, of IH., introduced n bill nnicnda tory of the act of and the act of ii relation to fugitive blaven. Referred to th Committee on Judiciary. Mr. Iverson, of Fend to the Secretary of the Senate the oflicial information which have received, that on the. llHh inst. the peopl of Georgia, in Convention assembled, passed th following ordinance: [The Secretary then read tlio Ordinance o Secession of Georgia, mid also Mr. Ivevson' resignation.] Mr. paper which law just beei read informs the Senate what has already beer announced to the public, that tho State o Georgia, by a solemn act of sovereign Conven tion, has withdrawn from tho Federal Union She is no longer one of the United States o America, but has resumed all the powers grant by her to the Federal Government, and as serted her independence us a separate and sov ereign State. In performing this important am solemn act, she has been influenced by the de liberate and firm conviction that her safety, her interest, and her honor demanded it. The opinion of her people has been gradually tend ing to thin point for the last ten years, and re cent events hare confirmed it: and an over- whelming majority of the people have elected delegates to a Convention, and expressed in that election a determination to withdraw from the Federal Union. And tho Convention, by a like decteiro majority, has passed the ordinance of secession. Georgia is one of sis States which, in less than sixty days, have dissolved their connection with the Federal Union, and de- clared their separate independence, and art- now in progress to form a confederacy of their own, and in a few weeks at the farthest, a provisional government will be formed giving them ample powers for their own defence, and with power to enter into negotiations witli other nations, to make war, to conclude peace, to form treaties, and to do all other things which Inde- pendent nations may of right do. Provisions will be made for the admission of other States to the new it is confidently believed that, within a few months, all the Southern States of the lato confederacy will be formed into a Union far more homogeneous, and, there- fore, far more stable than the one now broken np. I have only to say that this action of my own State, and of her Southern neighbors and aistors, meets the approval of my well consid- ered ami deliberate judgment, and as one of hor native sons and subjects, I shall cheerfully cast my lot with her and them. And, sink or swim, live or die, I shall be of and with her and them to the last. 15y the secession of the South- ern States, and tho formation of a Southern con- federacy, two great and momentous alternatives will devolve on the federal government. You may acquiesce in the revolution, and acknowl- edge the independence of u great confederacy, or you may make war on the seceding States and attempt to force them back. Jf you ac- knowledge our independence, and treat us as one of the nations of tho earth, you can have friendly relations and intercourse with us. You can have an equitable division of the public property, and of the existing public debt of the United States. Hut if you make war upon us wo will seize and hold all the public property in our borders and in our reach, and we will never pay one dollar of thu public debt the law of nations will extinguish nil private and public obligations between tho States. The first federal gun" that is fired upon the teceding llrst drop of blood of any of our people shed by the fedcr.il cancel every public and private obligation of the South which may be due either to the federal govern- ment or to thu Northern people. We care not in what slupe or form, or under what pretext you undertake coercion. We shall consider all efforts to exercise authority over us as acts of war, and shall meet and resist them according- ly. You may send armies to invade us by land or you may send ships to blockade our ports, and destroy our trade and commerce with other nations. You may abolish our ports of entry and by an act of Congress attempt to collect federal revenues by ships-ot'-war. You may the do all or any of these, or "similar acts. They will be acts of war, and so understood and con- sidered, and in whatever shape you make w.ir we will fight you. You of your superior and strength, but remember that the race is not always to the swift, nor tho battle to the strong.'' You have one hundred thousand fighting men. So have we. And. lighting upon our own soil, and to preserve our and vindicate our honor and defend our homes, our firesides, our wives and children from the in- vader, we shall not be conquered. You may possibly overrun us, ilesolate onr fields, burn our dwellings, lay our cities in ruins, mur- der our people, and reduce ns to beggary, but you cannot subdue and subjugate tts to your will. Your conquest, if you gain over ns, will amount to but little. a victory _______ You will have to keep a standing army of men, costing millions of money, only to keep us in subjection. You may whip us, but we will not stay whipped. We will rise again and again to vindicate our rights and liberty, and to throw off your oppressive and accursed yoke, and we will never cease the strife until our whole white race is extinKiiUhed, and our fair land given over to desolation. You will have ships-of-war mav have none. You may blockade our ports uiui lock up our We can live, if need be, without commerce. But when von shut up our commerce from the looms of ropo we shall whether other nations will not have something to say and something to do upon that subject. Cotton is and will oblige you to raise your blockade and draw olf your I know that great hopes arc raised, and great efforts made to retain the border States in Hie Union. But let coercive measures be commenced against the Southern Confedera- cy, or any of the seceding States, and all such 'topes will vanish into thin air. The first act of and social intercourse. And in thus wishing them each a long lifo of prosperity and peace, I bid them farewell. Mr. Higler presented the of the Legislature of Pennsylvania, which were read. The President's Message was then read on motion of Ifr. Mason. A KKOH TIIK 1'KKMI'KXT. To TIIK SKXATK AMI Horse or TIVK-S nv UXITKU deem it my duty to submit to Congress a series of resolu- tions adopted by the Legislature of Yirpiniaon the luth irist.. having in view the peaceable settlement of the existing questions which now threaten the Union. They were delivered on Thursday, the ex-President Tyler, who has left his honored and dignified retire- ment itf the. hope that he may render service to his country in this hour of peril. The resolutions, it will be perceived, extend an invitation to all States, whether slavehold- ing or non-slnveholding, as'are willing to unite with Virginia in an earnest effort to adjust the present unhappv controversies In the spirit in which the constitution wai originally formed, and consistently with its so" as to af- ford to the people of the riareholiling States adequate guarantees for the security of their rights, to appoint commissioners to meet on the day of February ne.tl. in the city of Wash- ington, similar commissioners appointed by Virginia, to consider, and if practicable, agree upon some suitable adjustment. I confess I hail tho movement on the part of Virginia with great satisfaction. From the tiistorv of ancient and renowned Common- wualth we have the fullest assurance that what ihe has undertaken she will accomplish, if it can be done by able, enlightened and persever- ing efforts. It is highly gratifying to know that other patriotic Slates nafc appointed nnd appointing Commissioners to meet those of Vir- ginia in council. When assembled they will a body entitled in an eminent degree ,o the confidence of the country. The General Assembly of Virginia have also resolved "that ex-President John Tyler is here- federal legislation looking to coercion, the first by appointed by the concurrent vote of each eder.il gun fired, tho first federal ship which branch of the General Assembly a Commit- lakes its station otf a Southern port, will bring sionertothe President of the United States all tho Slates, including Maryland, Inggard as and Judge John Robertson is hereby appoint- ihe seems to be in the vindication of bound; ed, by lUlke vote, a Commissioner to the State ndependencc, into obedience and alliance with! of South Carolina and the other States that ler Southern sisters. And thus united, they! have seceded or shall secede, with instructions re.-ist and defy all your efforts. There ar'u j respectfully to request the President of the Uni- ilso those who, surrendering all hope of pru- ted States and the authorities of such States to cnting the destruction of tho Union, und recog- agree to abstain, pending the proceedings con- lizing the existing state of facts, yet hope to templated by the action of this general asscm- >ee it reconstructed. Sir, a war between the lily, from anv and all acts calculated to pro wo sections will forever close the door to any duce a collision of arms between the State? and ucli project. I will not say that the Southern States, if let alone even after they have formed k Southern Confederacy, will not INen to propo itions of reconciliation. Let the North" makii hem, and we will consider them. The South- r n people have heretofore cherished a firm and iueere reverence and attachment to the Union, uid nothing but stern necessity could have con- vinced them of the propriety of leaving it, or ould h.ive driven them to the alternative of opanitiun from it, ami when they shall see, if t be not too long delated, a fraternal sense of iHtice and feeling to the Northern lind and heart, and when they c.in find sulli- ient and reliable for their rights nd equality in the Union, they m.iv, perhap-, econsider their action and rejoin tlieir former oufederatcs. For myself, I am free to declare lat, unless my opinion shall be greatly changed, shall never agree to a reconstruction of the 'deral Union. Tho Rubicon is parsed, and it iiall never, witli my consent, be it-crossed, hit in this sentiment I may be overruled. I lay safely say that will sutNfy them, xcept the recognition of equality, the Kifuty of lio jiMUution of domestic slavery, and the pro- of their constitutional rights, for which ;iey have been so long contending in the Union, nd the denial of which has forced them to tlieir re-ciU attitude of self-defence. It rennins for le now only to express my grateful acknowledg- tents and thanks for the uniform courtesy ami indues with which I have been treate'd by those Senators with whom I have had olllciat Hie government of the United How- ever strong mav be my desire to entur in such an agreement, I am convinced that I do not po-iess the power. Congress, and Congress alone, under the war making power, can exer- cise the discretion of agreeing to abstain from any and all acts calculated to produce u collis- ion of arms between this and any other govern- ment. It would, therefore, be a usurpation for the Executive to attempt to rc.-train their hands by an agreement in regard to matters over which he lim no control. If were thus to act they might pass laws which ho should be bound "to obey, though in conflict witli his agreement. Under existing circumstances my present actual power is confined within narrow limit-'. It is my duty at all times to defend and protect the public properly within the seceding States so far as may be practicable, and e.-pe- cially to employ the constitutional to protect the property of the United ami to preserve the public peace at this, the seat of the federal government. If the seceding States abstain from any and all acts-calculated to pro- duce a collision" of arms, then the danger so much to be. deprecated will no longer Defence, and iftit aggression, has been the pol- icy of the administration from the beginning. Hut I can en'er into no engagement Mich as that I cordially commend it to Congress with much confidence that it will meet their approbation fo abstain from pacing any law calculated to produce a collision of arms pending the contemplated by the action of the General Assembly of Virginia. I am one of those who will never despair of the republic. I ret cherish the belief that tho American will perpetuate the Union of the States on some Jutland honorable for all sections of I trust that tho mediation of Virginia may be destined means, iiudvr the providence of God. of ac- complishing this Gloriousua are the memories of her past history, such an achievement, both in relation to her own famu and welfare of the whole country, would pur- pa- them all. J AMI'S BUCHANAN. WAMHMITON CITV. Jan.U'J, 11IK VIlUHXIl In tlje Virginia House or Delegates, on Thursday, Jan. 17. the following important joint report of both branches of the Legislature was submitted: Whereas, it is the deliberate opinion of tho General Assembly of Virginia that unless tho unhappy controversy which now divides tho- States this confederacy shall be satisfactori- ly adjusted, a dissolution" of the Union is inev- itable anil the General Assembly, ing the wishes of the people of the Common- wealth, is di'shous of employing every reason- able means to avert so dire a calamity, ami de- termined to make a final effort to restore tho Union and the con-titution in the spirit in which thev were established by thu fathers of the republic; therefore, 1. Resolved, That on behalf of the common- wealth of Virginia un invitation is liercbv ex- tended to ull such SUit'-s, whether slaveholding- or non-Mnveholding, as are willing to unite with Virginia En un earnest effort to adjust the- present unhappy controversies, in the spirit ia which the constitution was originally formed and consistently with its principles, so as to af- ford to the people of the slaveholding States adequate guaranties for the security of their rights, to appoint Coinmis-ionerf meet on the 4th day of February next, in the city ol Washington, similar CotnmiMoners appointed by Virginia, to consider, and, if practicable, agree upon some suitable adjustment. 2. Resolved, That five Commissioners be ap- pointed bv the Assembly, whose du- ty it shall be to appear in the city of Washing- ton on the day designated in the "foregoing res- olution, to meet such Commissioners as may bo appointed by any of the States in accordance with the foregoing invitation. :i. if said after full and five conference, shall agree upon any plan of adjustment requiring amendments of the federal constitution, for the further security of the rights of the people of the slaveholding States, they be requeued to communicate thu proposed "amendments to Congress, for tho purpose of having the same submitted to thai body, according to the forms of the constitu- tion', to the several Sta'es for ratilicatfon. J. Itesolved, That if said Commissioners can- not agree on such adjustment, or if agreeing, refuse to submit for ratification such amendments may be proposed, then tho Commissioner? of this State shall immediately communicate tint result to the Kxeciitivu of Him Commonwealth, to be bv him laid before thu Convention of the people of Virginia and tho General As-emblv Provided, That said Coni- mis.-ioners beMibjVct nt nil times to the control of tlie General Assembly or, if in session, to that of the Slate Convention. That In opinion of the General Assembly of Virginia the proposi- tions embraced in the resolutions presented to the Senate of the United States by thu Hon. John J. Crittendcn, embrace the b.isis of Mich an adju-tiiR'nt as. would bo accepted by the people of this Commonwealth. IteMdved, That copies of the foregoing resolutions be forthwith telegraphed to the K.T- ecutive of the several .State-. A vote being dfimuiilcil on the committee's report the preamble mhip'nl rirri rocc, thu first re-olntion by a vole of II'J to 19 nays the second" and third without objection; the fourth resolution amended, on motion of Mr. ISobcrtsun. of Richmond, by making the ComnnViuJH'rs subject to the control of the Gtnerul Assembly or Convention.