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Freeman And Messenger (Newspaper) - January 9, 1840, Lodi, New York I FREEMAN KIW'IX HOUGH, KDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.] A a ft i c u t T r n L i T K n A T r n K N i> T H K r r B L n- D .V. VOL. I. LODI. (PERSIA P.O.) TllURStUY, JANUARY IS 10. WHOLE NO. 53. JHKSWSiAOB I designated, before the of dispute, and removts I -.--m our futurr j have arisen nut of that Corf.-d. ration U. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNI- Government, of ch it is one of} commercial intercourse all app rehen-ion j observe treatv will no ITU .STATUS. boundaries, takes ;u place in th? Ft-Uoic-Citizens of ike i Union as a State, and I rely upon the and Hotue of (cordial co-operaiion jf the British Gov- l regret that 1 cannot on this occasion ernment to effect that object. congratulate you that the putt year has There is every to believe that been one of unalloyed prosperity. The ravages of fire and disease have pain- fully afilicled otherwise flourishing por- tions of our country: and tassmentb yet derange the trade of many of our cities. But, notwithstanding these adverse circumstances, that gen- eral prosperity which has heen hereto- fore so bount'fully bestowed upon us by the Author of all good, still continues to call for gratitudo. Espe- cially have we reason to rejoice in the tea indu disturbance! like those which lately ag- itated the neighboring British Provinces will not again prove the sources of bor- der or interpose obstacles in the continuance of that good under- standing whtch it is the mutual interest of Great Britain ami the United States to preserve and maintain. Within the Provinces themselves tran- quility 13 restored, and on our frontier that misguided what waa sympathy be in favor of recompensed well directea industry, and given to it that sure reward which is vainly sought in speculations. I cannot indeed view without peculiar satisfaction, the evidences afforded by the past season of the benefits that spring from the steady devotion of the hus- bandman to his honorable pursuit No means of individual comfort is more cer- tain, and no eourceof national prosperi- ty is so sure. Nothing can compensate n people for a dependence upon others for the bread they eat; and that cheer- ful abundance on which the happiness of every one so much dspends, is to be looked for nowhere with such sure reli- mice as in the industry of the agricultur- ist and the bounties of the earth. With foreign countries, our relations exhibit the same favorable aspect which was presented in my last annual mes- sage, and aiford continual proof of the wisdom of the pacific, just, and forbear- ing policy adopted by the first Adminis- tration of the Federal Government, and pursued by its successors. The extra- ordinary powers vested in me by an act of Congress, for the defence of the country m an emergency, considered so far probable as to require that tho Exec- utive should possess ample means to meet it, have not been exeried. They have, therefore, been attended with no other result than to increase, by the con- fidence thus proposed in me, my obli- gations to maintain, with religious ex- actness, the cardinal principles that gov- ern our intercourse with other nations. Happilv, in our ponding questions with Great Britain, out of which this unusual grant of authority arose, nothing has occurred to require its exertion and as it is about to return to the Legislature, I trust that no future necessity may call for its exercise by them, or its delega-- lion to another department of thu Gov- ernment. For the settlement of our Northeast- ern boundary the proposition promised by Great Britain for a commission of exploration and survey, has been re- ceived, and a counter project, including also a provision for the certain and final adjustment of the limits in dispute, is now before tho British Government for its consideration, delicate state of proper respect for the natural impatience of the State of Maine, not less than a conviction that tho negotiation has been already protracted longer than is pru- dent on the part of either Government, have led me to believe that the present favorable moment should on no account be suffered to pass without putting the question forever at rest. I feel confident that the Government of her IJritannic Majesty will take the same view of this subject, as 1 am persuaded it is govern- ed by desires equally strong am! sincere for the amicable termination of tho con- troversy. To tho intrinsic difficulties of ques- tions of boundary lines, especially tho-e described in regions unoccupied, and but partially known, ieuci be added in our country the embarrassment arising out of our Consititution, by which the General Government is rnado the or- gan of negotiating and deciding upon the particular interests of the States on whose frontiers these lines are to be traced. To avoid another controversy in which a State Government might rightfully claim to have her wishes con- sulted, previously to the conclusion of conventional arrangements concerning her rights of jurisdiction or territory, I have thought it necessary lo call the at- tention of ihe Government of Great Britain to another portion ol'onr conter- minous dominion, of winch the division Mill remain-, to be adjusted. I to the line from the entrance of Ivike Su- ent A regard to the this question, and n which in some instances misled a few of our more inexperienced citizens, subsided into a rational conviction strong- ly opposed to all intermeddling with the internal afiHirs of our neighbors. Ttie people of the U. S. feel, as it is hoped they always will, a warm solicitude for the success of all who are sincerely en- deavoring to improve the political condi- tion of mankind. This generous feel- ing they cherish towards the most dis- tant nations and it was natural, there- fore, that it should be awakened with more than common warmth in behalf of their immediate neighbors. But it does not belong to their character, as a com- munity, to seek the gratification of those feelings in acts which violate their duty as citizens, endanger the peace of their countrv. and tend to bring upon it the stain of a violated faith towards foreign nations. If, zealous to confer benefits on others, they appear for a moment to lose sight of the permanent obligations imposed upon thorn as citizens, they are seldom long misled. From all the information I receive, confirmed extent by personal observation, I am satisfied that no one can now hope to en- gage in such enterprises without en- countering public indignation, in addi- tion to the several penalties of the law. Recent information also leads me to hope that the emigrants from her Majes- ty's Provinces, who have sought refuge within our boundaries, are disposed to become peaceable residents, and to ab- stain from all attempts to endanger the peacB of that country which has offered them an asylum. On a review of the occurrences on both sides of the line, it is satisfactory to reflect, that in almost every complaint against our country, the offunce may be traced to emigrants from the Provinces who have sought refuge here. In the few instances in which they were aided by citizens of the U. IS., the acts of these misguided men were not only in direct contravention of the Kws and well known wishes of their own Government, but mot with the decided disapprobation of the people of the U. S. I regret to state the appearance of a different spirit among her Majesty's sub- jects in the Canadns. Tho sentiments of hostility to our people and institutions, which have been so frequently ed there, and the disregard of our rights which have been manifested on some occasions, have, I arn sorry to say, been applauded and encouraged by the peo- ple, and even by somo of tho subordi- nate local authorities, of the The chief officers in Canada fortunately have not entertained the and have probably prevented excesses that must have been fatal to the peace of the twn countries. I look forward anxiously to a period when all the transactions which have grown out nf this condition of our n and which have been made the subjects of complaint and remonstrance bv two Governments respectively, shall bo fully examined, and the proper salisfaf- tion given where it is due from either.sidc. Nothing has occurred to disturb In? harmony of our intercourse! witli Aus- tria, Belgium, Denmark, France, [Na- ples, Portugal, Prussia. Kussm, or Swe- den. The internal stile nf Spain has sensibly improved, nnd a well grounded hope exists that the return of peace will restore to the people of that country e the nil its obligations The Government the stntisfaeiinn to their former prosperity, and Government to fulfil at home and abroad, of Portugal, I have state, has paid in full the and I'ist insulmentduo to ourcitiy. for the claims embraced in the settlement mado with it on the Hd of March. 1 lay before you treaties negotiated wuh the Kings of Sardinia nerior to the most northwestern point of nnd nf th" Netherlands, the ratifications the Luke of the VVoodn, stipulations for of which have exchanged since tin- the settlement of which nre to b- found j adjournment of Tli'j liberal in the seven'.h article of the treaty of'principles of thcs" treaties will recrtm- Ghent- Th" commissioners appointed lo vour approbation. That under tint article bv ihfi two Gov-rn- with ii the first treaty of com- ments hiving fljih-'re.! in tlc-ir fornvd by that kingdom, and it made reports to its will, 1 ini.xt. answer the expectations of stipulations upon the poinu of present sovereign, by aiding the dc- rjreemen'. nnd are now velopoinent of the resources of his enim- jo be Miiimiifd to arbitration of j try. nnd stimulating the enterprise of hi- or pprvple. Thu wi'h the points should b; scaled, and jpily a long existing -ii of embarrassment. The King of the Ins al- so, in further illustration of his charac- ter for justice, and of hts ie- fiifi! Unit- soon iinder.slooil. nii'l it is tint no indisposition nil! t-Msttu winch it contracted with ihe S; I the I'uv nun tl.iUl.l lit 1 tn thou >h o i j it- in the l.i g da- move every t The Jin of the made compensation t'nr an American j eminent Ii captured in bv a French I am hippy tn say, t-fii iery privateer, and carried into Ciiragun, j ful. Tl..- ijn.ler whu-h li: where the proceeds wm- appropriated Treasurv Uep-rtmeut >1 t HIT, ii tpustil nn i bji'C ion t> in 11 ut i n kit nn t1 e M ground in lln> e hort time after, under the dominion of i live to the heeding of the llolhml. The death of thn lat- Sultan, has pro- duced no alteration in O'tr relations with Turkey. Our newly iipnoisted ter Kofident has re.ichrtl Constantinople, i vt. e evidence rn t returns In) ty to h they ai il >t Inle 1 :iiii c ioin. nl" .nvi "s to pt-ifoi in rh li- specie nax'iJi'tits of tht} holding jiii'ilu1; s or indt htcd t public officers lor notes received in p n inont of public, dues, have Mir- i- 11- I .iiiic. o-ir t u i nf ii-y I'libhc .1 'o mi- in j.i toctii.ia i I. it t' CM Jlill. I i 1 eii (1 JlT.S lit i, Im-si -ijt'c-. 11 cr i.< t t 11 c present KuTeTtTut current have] J1! treaty, and those f.i" friendship, will h" b''cn puncfnily met, nml the faith bv himself in the sumu spirit that the Gnterinnent in iis pecn-ii-iry j has been-i-rupulously miiintiiiiu'il I'll" n n -teen of Treasure HCtuuted his illustrious fither. I regret to bo obliged to inform you that no convention for the settlement of the claims of our citizens upon .Mexico has yet been ratified bv the Govern- ment of that country. The first conven- tion formed for that purpose was not presented by the President of Mexico for the approbation of it.-. Congress, from a belief that the King of Prussia, the ar- bitrator in case ol disagreement in the joint commission tn be appointed by the United States and Mexico, would not consent to take upon himself that friend- ly office. Although not entirely eJ with the course pursued by Mexico, I felt no hesitation in receiving in the most conciliatory spirit tho explanation odd red, and alto cheerfully consented to a new convention, m order to arrange the payments proposed to bo made to our in a manner which, while e- qually just to them, was-decmed less on- erous and inconvenient to the .Mexican Government. Helving confidently up- on the intentions of that Government, Mr. Ellis was directed to repair to Mex-- ico, and diplomatic intercourse has heen resumed between the two countriV-i. The new convention he informs us, been recently submitted by the Presi- dent of that Republic to its Congress, under circumstances which a speedy ratification a result which 1 cannot allow myself to doubt. Instructions have been given to the Commis'iotior of Statrn der our Convention with Texas, for llio demarcation of the lino which separates us from that Republic. Tho commis- sioner of both goveinments- in New Orleans in August In-t. The joint com- mission was and adjourned to convene at the s imc place on 12th of October. It is presumed to he now iu tho performance of its duties. Tho new Goverment of Texas Iris shown its desire to cultivate fuend.lv re- lations with u-s. by a prompt reparation for injuries complained of m the case of two easels of tilt: U With Central America a convention has been concluded for the renewal ol its former treatv with the U. S. xv.is not ratified before the departure ol our late Chargo d'Affiirs from that country, nnd the ropy of it brought him was not received before thu ml- jourmnent of the Senate nt the last ses- sion. In the mean while, the period limited for the of ratifications having expired, I deemed it in cons'Njnense of of the Charge rl'Aii'nres. to send u special a- gent lo Central Amenc-i, to th- affairs of our there, ami to ar- range with th-1 Government nn exten- sion of tho time for theeAchntig') cf rat- ifications. Th's eommi- ion rrrp.inl nv tbr- Ktn'fs which formi-iiv iht! li'-public of Columbia, tor tii" claims a- gamstth.it In-s. by a very unexpected the trcit; under whi'-'n it acts, di th no pro- vuton uvuif fur clni uf cit- of the S. which api-" from rap- turcH Coliitnluan and wer'1 adjiiil" -il th'1 cliiinirits in the j'l'Ji'-ial 'i his will cornp'-l the !_ S. tlie finnerlv united for red- notes bv the act of of and the iiiiulnii-ations tlicrcof, withnvuw to th'' nf ii'er- i-li nits on their duty nnd of the1 bulk-, in thu pavmeiil of public iiionics held them, have been so pirn- tually n deemed as to less than the original ten millions outst.inding MI any OIKS time, and tho whole stmounl unredeemed now falls short of throe mil- Of these the chief portion is not due till next ami the wholo would haio been iilre.idy il could the Treasury lune tho me'its due to it fror-a tho bank-. If those due from them during tho ne.xt le.ir shall In: piinctu illy made, and if Con- gress shall the approiMiatunn v, tth- III the estimate-, there is everv n to liflievu tint nil the otitst Hiding Trea- sury notes can he redeemed, and theoi'- diiKiiy expnnsi's defrayed, w ulioiit mi- [losing on thf people any additional bur- den, cither of lo iiu or taxes. To avoiiJ this, and to Keep the expen- ditures uiihin reasonable bounds N n du- ty. second only in important to the our national diameter, and the protection ol'our m their civil and political rights. The creiiinn in time of peace, of a debt to lie- come permanent, is an e-. il for which there is no equivalent. rapidity with which mm v of the States are ap- parently to ti.is foudii.on, us of our own dunes, m a manner too impressive to h- durf-jaid- ed. One. not the least important, ii In Keep the Federal (lovcrnment in a condition to discharge, vuth case, anil its highest should their In) n-fjuired by ;my :.mliJ" jucturo of public atfurs a citnili'iiii to which wo are alway; i xpn-ed, 'i which nriv oci ur wiicn it i-, lea-: e peeled. 'To this end, it i-; i! lint its finiUK'os'.houldbi' audit) as far :i- practicable, nneiHMiitiliered No Circiu.isl inre could prc-ent greater co.n- pliihment n.ij iirt-int nb- jef't-, than tho ereatinu ui anoii'-roix national debt. own cxpeneii'-i and also tliat of other IKIVO mnristrat''il the nrrmmlihle dtul li-arl'ul rapnJiIv with winch a public lit i- in- creased, the once snrr' nil-Ted ii- Gov'einnient 'If to the ruinous practice ol" supplying its by new luaiis-. struggle, therefort1, on ttj bs; M' m ist bo at threthold. To our <-iT -elite, vjtern eeotio mv n This is UK: Mirist for l! c m'nnnl and at trie best s v, ,ui i v n li'i M'M '.he j'li'i tii ilitine- of i in ml i: r-Ut'lleil tti i.diir. r r-ucli lands. long been in the t i.-.viM, in IT 'jiii-uce i.iiVnor qiialitv. Tiie e i1 til'l'ie iu t piFpcil on lllii r h enattenili it tho j i. IIM i, in (jine'iiijf mil :inil a !i is also, to a t -ratii', t MonU n t MDIII llie fi n ii'i-h ti'iie, :i. u.is n II Ins ul tin- i eil, coniriliuti i! lilien.Mt ilnnsi; ilie pre-'cn'. KI th" ipts in' ih-. Tuusiiry. "i'llC) 's- d I II ir-! nv, ll.i1 'riiri'.sii .'ore n cm.inn 11 al- 1 inn er-ii t.li il, nl i HUM 'ejnlil', to tho r prove in r r, "i" i n 1 !ii i n ire o n< r 'i c a our nv! i nti 1 1 l, e l! e .'e, r .-y of v. MI cr.i lit' coin: -ci.ii" u li' in'i J Ct, 1 r )t IC( our c I >r eirl1.' 'i'.i :iu l. -i t Inn slriinirjy to p'.'tl in- in the tr.it rl, Mi'i i, iv i n'tii elil u n 'iiDiinl li t( na" Ill'o Mili'iiin ('oiiiiiini IP, r -in r. i, ilii- In I uitliour tr. vaiive of tin- principle on our i tri ir. .titutidiis uii'l eiiiii mv in tin! aii'ur-i of li-ne filled lo ch n an! iLi'iiiiL lic.tri principles, tviuli; tli'-se have bei n Miin I irilional pr.ili- ili'y, r 'vliateter speciDii, i Kiiroiluc'-d or loitered, r- .MI ion (.innot b ld-l ujj- e n u r been in itii n- policy upon t'i( T' .it'-d for ress. all Granada, and I'.cnvior, n perfectly good exi N. Our trenty with is faithfully carried into exrrufi'iM. uii'l tint co'intry, in the en- i'lym'-iit of unnquilitv, is ml- -j ifi tin- g-nd- >u pre-fiit diitipcir-h'-d 1'resi- :t M r. Thi- on a tn ;i decre rev( :nu- r-nmt fire, l.ti'-ly given t> i.np irtatiMii.s of j l to diitie--, the il r in the np i itmris nl'mtern il tr icle, 'nil e pecj- OIH I. at :h" in Hi nl tlii'.r liy tlie y n ihictr n griilnnl'v eg in li u ir ri i nil t ui.J c 1 it Is p- lii.it tii'1 d, -n. 'in'i'i-i r from the h t can- r! ii c, il t ot f S'H rl ie II- iii ;s ril'dijiiiiri in 'h v ir the lin.tl 'ion ofal' ihru s to p r cent, th n I" Ic rcn nne then ,ic- d VVitli ri lib'-rial commercial cnnvc-nnoii Iris CM 1. Iv been concluded, which n.H be trans- rru n Mromf.ee thes-.V nf nn.il'c .n .re, irntien to the Senate at ani-arlv cliv. Iv nc vo a to v t nee. i-s irv x- thc.pr.-at Amcrrnn J'.inpiro of the'nms- Brazil our eoiiiiiiur; unchnng. pnulrnt ;-Ii.i.n's-ration ofusnlTi-rs. Tiase cd, asdoesmir friendly with i ,irL. c.-firnMi -f lint itino-e the neje s- thc other (Tovernmr'n's of So'ith Ani'-r- i '.y nl r il .in-.. ,vul n quire its prompt an-! the ,-irrl i f tin s- r -t the 'i-'.e- nnil duty of BT nd- pi'i! I'epuhlic nl ''rujrinv. Chili. The ili-soiation ot tii" IVrn- liulivian Cunf'H.'ration temporary inconvenience to nnrt in tnat q'larler. o'l'ij i- tions oil the gover.niK-n s the mis of V III rq ion o ei iic i'i' e'ifl. r.V 'I" J' I ritrn-r ii'ilclr- Inv. thnt .n 1 i I i i" Trci-ary: i.'i in i......n i "uci i nets ol" er. MII I i. 'j'.'n- rernv.nl nf in tl.-iT Ternlor) Ki'I'-r; it nc- i i-it I s'n I-t ri ciiti tnr-nil to your ivor.i'i' con-uh i u: IM t1 phin which trill lib-nil It') VUM Iv tlie of ir, in D r t" i mMi it to '.111 t l' C! I r C( s J'lll !.i in li .in opporl'iieiy of per'onnl- Iv iu i i.-i; a mti m of th (roiijn during li-t Minrntv, it IPCJ to bc'ir to the Mifvess of thcriTcirt In uiririixcMi kei-pnu tliem er in 1-irge ns the nature of the t-enico pf-rnit. I rccomni-nil tlierefore, lint connnodions nnd prriinritnl li irru ed the if- -i.'n hy tiie Si cretary of War. uith-t nrling the tlinr tlirn'- pline nml I-M eilent police, the remli- to llie service from lenj-y of enm- puiy olliccr-, verr nppircnt, nnd I r ftimtnenil tint perma- nently spjiirated frotn the Tlie iwvyhas heen iM-fnlh nn i hoinrn- b'y i d m t roici tin fie nnd prup'Tty of dit'on of nlf.irs r in< d M ijinrc its tn'e. With tho nneinifunre, wh rcnn arc dinpirre I Ir ninrtl.'-, on of the H u'ed in :i l.iufnl knnnn to li ne penine I In -v i t! t leincn' wlie'e it IP so On ]c ini act of pirnn', moiiorc K'-c I proccedc i imtnndiafclV to i nu 1 in ill- jj.o innr t j na i i'1 t o-th of tlio p'lin c -everc nnii jne iti r' rh i-'i.-rmcnt en thf b'lrhin
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