Kingston Daily Freeman, December 12, 1945

Kingston Daily Freeman

December 12, 1945

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Issue date: Wednesday, December 12, 1945

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Publication name: Kingston Daily Freeman

Location: Kingston, New York

Pages available: 207,759

Years available: 1872 - 2015

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All text in the Kingston Daily Freeman December 12, 1945, Page 1.

Kingston Daily Freeman, The (Newspaper) - December 12, 1945, Kingston, New York impailijjtenratt Cbtar CITY OP KINGSTON, N. AVBDNESDAY EVENING, DKCKMBKli 12, 1345. PRICE FIVE CENTS of General Patton >8 Car Marshall Says He Knew in August, 1941 U. S. Was Not Ready for Inevitable War In Pacific; Report to Knox Is Cited Tnimanlntervenes In General Motors, Appoints Board Similar Unit Will Be Named to Take Action on Steel; Union Drafts Plans Lipstick Note on Victim's Wall Godfrey Anderson, Associated foreign correspondent, looks over the wrecked front''of the which Gen. George S. was riding when he was injured in a crash with Army truck m the. Mannheim area-of Germany. (Picture by radio from Paris to New York) Americans Would Raise Stores Will Keep 40 Are Convicted At Dachau .Trial M Will Be Sentenced .TomorrpH-; Court Takes 90 Minutes to Better Living Open Every Night Beginning Dec. 17 Dachau, Germany, DecV 12 A U.. S., military .government court today convicted.' Martin Weiss and 39 fellow defendants on I charge'of ;cornmittirig-atrocities Dachau..' it the They, will sentenced- .tomor- row. Hanging is the' -penalty p imbed by U; S.: Army I headquar- ters for any sentenced'' to death for the regime.of starvation, tare and murder at' the 'Nazi hor- ror center overrun April-30.. The eight-officer court, headed byBrig.-Gen. John M.-'Lcntr, re- ceived the case at noon. It de- liberated only .90; minutes 1 before reaching'the .verdict. The defense 24- day trial with pleas for mercy.for weral defendants, most'of whom S.S. although five wo camp doctors and three were pruonors- used in official'capaci- The defendants rcceived'the ver- dict stoically. There, was no v ible reaction from German ilisns and others in thfaudien of more than 300. 9f the five doctors on trial, 7 yetr-old Dr; Klaus Schilling w in charge of medical cxporimen at the camp and was accused' Mling hundreds of inmates in hi experiments. He-had bcgg on the witness stand to be allow lo to on with the paper work o rcsulfs, saying he needed-on desk and a chair.- Troops of Ihe U. S. 42nd an win Divisions freed 32.000 to lured and emaciated men and 3a 1 "'omen when they overran Dacha r m the April advances! It has bee aumated that at least 5.000 Jen killed in the Landsbcrg sec the camp alone. lwen regarded of any of th uichau war criminals sentence! death, but U. S. Army instruc Allies Would Provide Funds to Enable Germany to Set Up Imports ..By GRAHAM HOVEV Washington, Dec. 12 .Germany, if this country has.'its will be back on its feet two years hence, able to pay its own way .and to raise the living stand- ards of. Pre-Christmas Hours Are Announced; Will Not Be Open Night of Dec. 24 Kingston stores will remain open until 9 o'clock nights all next week, starting Monday, December 17, as Christmas shopping enters the home stretch. On Monday, De- is the long-range objective cember 24, stores' plan closing of. American policy toward the Reich as laid down by the State Department It comprises a mid- llegrbuhd> between "hard" and 'soft" peace proposals.. ._, carry jt; however, the United States an'd'the other Allies will have to provide laps'huhdreds of per- mit Germany to import her neces- sities'over'the next two years.' The State Department made mblic the U.S. policy by releasing he text of a statement prepared at the request of the War Depart- ment for guidance of American occupation authorities. The statement, which also was ent to the governments of Hussia, Sritain and France, constituted he first detailed interpretation by ny power of the general policy or Germany produced at the Pots- am Big Three meeting in August 'American officials were unwill- at 5 p. m. They "will, not be open Christmas Eve. the stpre's have'.' been reporting a good prc'rChrislmas business; al- though handicapped by'.the gen- eral shortage- in some situation which, according, to re- ports that have been received is being found to exist in stores in the largest cities. Several of the stores in the'up- town'section planned today to re- main open Friday and Saturday evenings this week; although the Saturday evening' hours -will not be in effect among all stores. Laboratory Gets Right To Purchase Equipment The Common Council held reinstated hanging, a case of common criminals explained Uiatthe German. hanging "a more igno Cannons death" than beheading. News Wires Are Affectct fy Workmen VMislakc Service on news between and New York was broken afternoon from and sen-ice on stock was interrupted for a Wrjod when workmen en wi wires south of Kingston knocked out a. sec c service through a i Ibcir work.. of Jhc American Tele- Telcsraph Company ing to predict how the_ other three occupying powers might receive the policy declaration. Would Retain Boundaries They said, however, that the American plan was based on the assumption that Germany would retain its present boundaries, in- cluding the industrial Ruhr, and The Associated Press) President Truman intervened in the General Motors strike today by appointing a fact-finding board to consider the dispute and announced he would name a similar board soon in an effort to head oft a threatened strike in the steel in- dustry.. The 22 day old General Motors strike has made some per- sons idle throughout the country and crippled nearly half the. mo- torcar industry's production of lew cars. .The C.I.O. United Steel- workers Union has called a strike of its members for Janu- ary strike which industry spokesmen estimate would affect more than 40 per cent of the na- tion's workers 'through its effect on .related industries. The President told his news con- ference that the General Motors lact finding board would be. headed by, Judge Walter P. Stacy, chair- man of the recent labor-manage- ment conference. Other members are Lloyd K. Garrison, chairman of :he War Labor Board, and Milton president of Kansas State College. Mr. Truman disagreed with the views of organized labor that fact- finding procedures, might result m long-delays in settlement of union demands. His action came'in the face of direct opposition of leaders striking C.I.O. United Auto Workers involved in the. General Motors dispute and of the CIO United Steelworkers. _ The President's proposal for fact-finding procedures received new support today from Labor Secretary Schwcllenbach who told the Senate I.abor Committee that legislation embodying such pro- posals was "critically needed'' the "national interest." Detailed Plan's Are Made Pittsburgh.' Dec. 12 spokesman for the CJ.O.-United bteelworkers of America said de- tailed plans for the scheduled January 14 strike of steel and iron ore workers made at a meeting of Photo shows note left in lipstic on wall 'of the Chicago apaftmen of Frances Brown, former Wave (left found fatally slashc( and shot, presumably written b her slayer. (AP Rhineland areas. This assured opposition from France. which has insisted that those-two zones be stripped from Germany. In a supplementary statement on the declaration, Secre- tary of State Byrnes said three stages.would be involved in Ger- many's return lo "normal." In the irst of these, lasting until somc- .imc spring, Byrnes listed four Allied aims: To-prevent mass starvation in necessary, by in- creased imports from the United "tales. To increase "io the greatest special meeting Tuesday evening aluminum at the city hall and granted the of managers of the Kingston Laboratory to1 use pointed and other procedure of S5.000 of anticipated revenue in the union's proposed walkout in the purchase of needed equipment support of its a day wage de- al the laboratory. mand was being worked out the A resolution, that' the request be spokesman said. Byrnes Leaves U.S. For MoscowParley Secretary of Slate Goes by Plane; Due Saturday Washington, Dec. 12 tary of State Byrnes left by. plane today for Moscow where he plans to tackle half a dozen critical is- sues oh which Big .Three coopera- tion has been stalled. wssible extent" the of German coal to countries formerly overrun, by Germany. To complete the four-power agreement by Fcbru- ry 2, 1946. and start the mach- nery for carrying -it out. To reestablish German admisis- rativc agencies in finance, trans- nrtv communications, foreign rade and industry- Beewery (he second period. lasting com the spring of JSJP So Fcbru ary Z 39IS. a sradual German rc- om-cry Is envisaged. As plans arc rcmm'od for repara- rons. others trill be earmarked or permanent rcfcnliesi by Jhc German ivivc. Jn Jhc Jhird period, Byrnes said mas will romtjol ow economy subjpci Jo AJJics: Gmnaji MusJry_ wiiin besUjipMJ up granted and the appropriation made was offered by Alderman Matthew Jordan, seconded by. Alderman Thomas Coughlin, "and unanimously adopted. Dr. J. S. Taylor, in charge of the laboratory, scn.t in a communication to the aldermen to the effect that this year the laboratory would receive an estimated in excess of anticipated a press conference, Philip Murray, president of both the -I.O. and the United Stcclwork-crs, flatly denied assertions of the American Iron and Steel Institute .hat there would be no strike '.'the C.I.O. abides by its pledged word, given only last spring." Murray declared the strike in no way violates the contract which Continued on Pace these issues energy and an eventual European peace conference. Byrnes' plane roared away from Washington airport at a. m., E.S.T. General D wight Eisenhower, army chief of staff surprised the secretary by showing up unexpectedly to tell him goodbye. i "I just thought I'd come out to say goodbye lo the secretary and wish him Eisenhower, said. Byrnes told Eisenhower that he would rcmembcr.him to Generalissimo Stalin. The pilot of the big four-motored transport was Capt. Clctus Keating. Jr., of Locust Valley, Long Island. >vho has piloted Byrnes on other Irips. The flight schedule calls for setting Byrnes to the Russian capital in time for his firsl meeting Saturday with Soviet Foreign Commissar Molotov and British Foreign Secretary first mate were being .taken o the tanker in Alccca's boat vhcn it suddenly capsized wher near the ship. The watch aboari he vessel saw the three men loundering in the. water and ounded an alarm. A boat was lowered and the hrce men were hauled from the vnter and taken aboard after being in the water for about 20 minutes. Cout Curd Calls City The tanker is equipped with wireless and an alarm, was sent ut over it which was picked up >y the Coast Guard station in New York. The Coast Guard immedi-tely telephoned to Kingston 'olice Department asking that aid xr sent and that a physician be called. The tanker also sounded the islrcss signal on its whistle, vhich was heard in the lower sec-ion of the city, and the police de-artmcnt received several tclc-OinUnucd on Nlni More Than 4 Million Used As Slave Laborers My WES GALLAGHER Nuernberg. Dec. 12 More than conquered laborers were forced into virtual slavery' in Germany by murder, arson and kidnaping, American prosecutors disclosed today at the war crimes trial of 21 Nazi war leaders. The carefully-planned slave system to provide workers for Gcnnan war plants and farms was described as a "wild and ruthless manhunt carried on ciwyirhcrc" 1 n a Nad libor commissioner's1 mvn tvonds rrcsenled as official Nazi philosopher and administrator of the occupied Ukraine; and Albert Spccr, Reich munitions minister. One report taken from Rosenberg's files revealed that babies born on slave labor trains were thrown from the windows. Speer sat his face in his hands as Prosecutor Dodd declared Jhat "force and brutality as a method of production found a ready adherent in the dcfcndanl Specr." Hitler ordered forced labor for 2.000000 iJussians and Poks Condition 'Grave9 Official Bulletin arjy. the .police. According to the story as gathered-by the police the captain dcncc difdoMd. Jo on Mardi 18, 1953. Sauckc! ordered Ihc f-hip- mral of captive labwro lo wp So JO.WB a day. Accktl's orau Uw dkrainc ricd in ttal "the tanTitnml CAT- in Xm-si and n sqwoxs. MJI- 3n chorchcj; .fjtid at rifht 3n has badly t the Iodine Tfic Horn J-'Mnlt, Tv'tri Pcland, was sprnrJIy rvcry- ol the court Cm. George S. Pallon, Jr, uhOM; 1'iKk was broken in an auto- accident Sunday, jpent a hut 3iij condilion "re- an t-Tjcial bulletin said Icday. An TOlorfiJl U. S. Jully r-aUraul and Jak- Jhat he nt'cd "Jiormally active reflexes. Iiim M "tone of Jhclr taid he -was in the paralytic condition to- day. TJje irxl of Ihc. noon bullclin: 109. Puke 16-22. a foaA tt'jhl. wcjl xnt is comfortablR, JjOririKnouriiCh- Has been tibccmS by Ihe airha! fli Mrs, PaJJ-on. is no improvcnJCTl in Condition It ihe flrrt Jjmc .crave" .-a jim-Joui; Inillclm using ir- word Uir- Mrs, P.a11.on ifoaul 30 ttiin- am: hie jiaralywd liVx; a will] her hufhanfl at Jhe One she piul B1.TO1 U S. A JSoflfl, imjiltoil-dd "Wt'Cf'ing was (CcmftiK'd l HJiis moraing and with jmilc uilding materials for use lousing veterans and their fam lies. A regulation; now being, pre- for release before Ithc mit die of the establishin priorities on.building The President said this rcgula lion would establish: priorities.foi multiple dwelling housing unit costing or less per unit: H said this, would mean "about 5 per cent- of all building material yill be channeled into this-typc 6 avail .ble for industrial ighcr-priced dwelling and for thcr, construction, 'public.or pri- ate. He said he was acting under he Second War Power Act prices on old and new ousing, a field in'which he said larp prices'had brought a threat ['inflation which has been the most menacing in our economy. "We arc using all the powers hat have been granted the ad- linistration to combat he add- The president, adopting Sny- er's recommendations as those of 1 ic administration, quoted Snydcr i saying that credit agencies of he government would involve trying ceilings in different parts f the country depending upon )cal conditions. The President endorsed leglsla- on now before the House Bank- g and Currency Committee pro- ding authority for ceiling prices n the sale of old and new hous- g. He said such authority is cs- itial "if we arc to avert further ky-rockcting of home prices.'- Navy Officer Predicted' to Secretary Tokyo Message Meant Attack on Pearl Harbor 'Secret' Is Told Kramer Said He Sent Notation to Knox, Is Officer's Statement -Washington, Dec. 12 (m Gen. George C. Marshall testified today that he was convinced as early as August, 1941. that a Pacific war was inevitable and knew the United States was not ready for it Dog Finds Child's Body Bedford Hills. N. Y., Dec. 12 were seeking today to am the identity of a two-wcek- M baby boy whose mutilated body as brought to the honw'oMVjI. am Lawrence on Stamford road y a mongrel hound. Police Chief rank Mallcttc said the Lawrence mllys dog brought the body to e house at 3 p. m. yesterday nd that 17 hours later police hod -en unable to find where the dog und it. A search was being made JT any bits of clothing that might n-c as a clue to the child's kten- Dr. Amos O. Squires. Wcst- eslcr counly medical 'examiner id he believed UK child had been ad about 10 days. Demanded Chelsea, Mass., Dec. Ja A an representing himself Jo be re kidnaper of six-monthj-oM onaJd lakcn from hfc riaw iwo weeks demand- a ransom in lek- lonc call to the bsljy's father, a avy eulislcd nun. m a. rn. juna J. Ctiltn, stvrn from the (a rcUim amc alJcr the dissrpcwmncc ti be be never hu SPCOI, re- jwrttxJ Jo PolSoe U. Jrfra KJrtiy H wju ttoA JJw caller weB." Km tiy g to be the Treasury Receipts Dec. J2 W) The jon Jhe 'inrcasurj' nowtptK. Wf9.712i879.5G, Ex- littna, Bal- tic. OnHtms ft-jjAs JOT mwith, SlttMMZg.'SS.! iflwil yuur JStilf 1, or, day Jhe room toeljtht Cmud Ccnti-jd tUiiuD." Ukc TWIal OM. In- Marshall began his sixth day of testimony after a Senate-IIouse committee -learned of n Navy offi- cer's purported prediction to Sec- Knox December 7, 1941, hat an intercepted Tokyo message meant '-'a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor today. and possibly a mid- night attack on Manila." A hitherto "top secret" report of an Army Inquiry Board said an- sthcr naval officer quoted Capt. Alwin D. Kramer as having said n 1943 that he sent a notation to this effect to Knox. It went with the Tokyo message instructing Japanese "peace" envoys Here to deliver their diplomatic reply at 1 p.-m. (Washington time) Decem- ber 7. There was no Indication in the report when- Knox received this notation, ;'if -he received it at all. Marshall was questioned by Rep. Kcefe who traced the events of the summer of 1941. Kecfc'said that was growing then and Marshall agreed. 'Tpu were convinced as early as August that if the current events continued we Would inevi- tably be drawn into a war with Japan, weren't Keefe ask- ed. Marshall replied. 'Tou know at that time we weren't prepared for a war in tha Pitthed From All Marshall replied that was true, adding that he was being pushed roiri all sides for additional men nd equipment, but was concentra- ing on attempts ,to. build up 'hilippine defenses as a possible cterrcnt to a Japanese move to he south. Other points in the previously secret report received by the com- mittee included: A conclusion by Maj. Gen. My- ron e. Cramer, army judge advo- atc general, on September 14, 945, that the War Department ever had received any notice that lie Japanese had broadcast a winds" message warning their nnsuls of a break in American aliens. General Cramer's further nota- ion that Navy witnesses appear- ing before Rear Adm. H. Kent He- "denied the receipt of any hentic "winds' message. A declaration by. Lt Gen. Wai- cr C. Short that he probably would have ordered n full alert in lawaii had he received before the ttack the message Marshall sent o him December 7. Short was the rmy commander at Pearl Harbor n 1941. Before Marshall returned to the tand, Rep. Kecfe (R-Wis) told a eportcr lie plans to ask the form- r chief of staff to give his opinion to where the major rosponsi- illty lies for the defeat suffered t Pearl Harbor. Four Youths 'Sentenced Bridgeport, Conn, Dec. 12 col- our New York city youths, largcd with participation in the i-jackjng of worth ok urs on the Merrill Parkway last leplember 25. were sentenced ycs- croay in Superior Wo lo late prison and two lo Ihc rcfor- lory at Cheshire. Daniel A. who wielded a revolver n ihc robbery, was wsilcnccd lo >TOon from four to cisM years. ucssipi Msdonia. 22. who drove Kc car used by ihe iJitcoccd Jo jo five" vrajr. atbony T. Izto. 13. ,jrovc Irom (be were ideo. John OarralclU, 5S, bclpoi plan the robbery, wwc sent Jhe AH four plcaflnS jo i-iolcnoc. cf Workers Slrikc in Paris 1 Paris, Dtt 12 Ttv0 million civj] service wm-Jtmi Ihroarjicnit France wont