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New Mexican (Newspaper) - October 2, 2005, Santa Fe, New Mexico 122 THE NEW MEXICAN Sunday October Planting bulbs decidedly worth the work j Deciduous plants those that drop their leaves each fall are well along in their annual scavenging of useful materials from each and every leaf as they enter dormancy And those colorful falling leaves are gentle reminders that bulbplanting time has arrived Tucking hardy springflow ering bulbs into the soil may strain the back for a weekend or two but the payoff is grand continuing for a decade or more depending on the varieties of bulbs chosen Deciding what to plant during this annual fall rit ual from the countless supply is the mostdifficult part Make the leap anyway and be prepared for those buried treasures to put a springtime shine on garden plots long before any perennials emerge from the cold soil I began my bulb odyssey in 1985 when I raided my mothers garden in southwest Arkansas bringing home some 500 dafifo JAN HALE BARBO Garden Palette dil bulbs I quickly learned that a handheld bulb planter pro duced blisters on my hand faster than it produced holes for bulbs so I bought a longhandled bulb planter and learned to ride it like a pogo stick to make holes But across the ensuing years Ive decided that a simple shovel is the best of all tools for plant ing bulbs efficient and easiest on the back To plant a few bulbs use your foot to insert a longhandled shovel into moist soil as deeply as you can Push the handle forward away from your body to make a crevice in the soU Do not remove soil simply drop the bulb into the crevice pointed tip up and care fully remove the shovel Push any loose soil into the opening and move on to the next spot Water well to settle the soil around the bulbs Yes this omits the step of placing bone meal or other nutrients in the hole before planting but the bulb was grown to perfection is all set to flower and only needs a cool soil in which to develop its roots Instead I sprinkle fertil izer around bulb foliage when it emerges in late winter and again when die blossoms fade If you only fertilize once do so as blooms wane to assist bulbs in manufacturing food for another season of bloom Avoid planting bulbs in straight lines like soldiers in formation Pretend instead that you are creating a puddle in this case a grand splash of color rather than water Use the shovel to dig a wide shallow space where at least a dozen of die same variety can be buried twice as deep as the bulb is tall I allow only a few inches between large bulbs and an inch or so between smaller ones Make one puddle then move along and make another one then another as space allows Cover the bulbs with soil and water well Bulbs are gourmet treats for some rodents lessappetizing bulbs include Allium Camassia Chinondoxa Crocus tommasini anus Eranthis Hyacinthoides nonscripta Scilla Hyacinthus Muscari Narcissus Leucojum and Galanthus The latter three are completely critter proof because theyre poisonous The earlier a bulb blooms in the springtime the earlier it should be planted in the fall This includes most of the so called minor bulbs diat are small bulbs with tiny flowers often borne almost at ground level Their initial cost is minimal and their impact comes from being planted en masse by the hand fuls with an attitude of exuber ant abundance Favorite small bulbs that perform well in local gardens include crocus grape hyacindi dwarf iris species tulips glory ofthesnow Siberian squill and lily leek Allium Grape hyacinth and squill if allowed to go to seed will populate the garden and these new bulbs can be transplanted to other beds as desired Not to be overlooked are miniature daffodils that usually bloom when crocuses glorious yellow TeteaTete and its cousin a fantastic white named Toto should brighten every garden Oodles of the more common larger bulbs such as Dutch hya cinths daffodils and tulips can be planted into midNovember ideally about six weeks before die soil freezes Hardy bulbs can also be pot ted up and coaxed to bloom earlier indoors Choose early flowering varieties of daffodils Ice Follies tulips Apricot Beauty Christmas Mar vel or Dutch hyacinths Carn egie Crowd as many bulbs as possible all of the same variety into a wide shallow pot setting them on at least 2 inches of potting soil Set the bulbs on enough soil diat their necks are even with the rim of the pot and cover uheir shoulders with soiL Place containers in a dark coolbutnotfreezing spot for die next 12 weeks Keep the soil moist and bring containers to a bright room when the foliage is an inch or so high and roots peek through the drainage holes Hate Barbo can be reached at email@example.com McKittrick Mrs Lincoln letter fetches Continued from Page 11 her good friend and neighbor Julia Ann Spriggs in Springfield surfaced at Sothebys New York on June 16 Written on mourning stationary and dated May three months after Willies death the letter offers intimate insight into Marys frame of mind She wrote to Julia What would I give to see and talk to you in our crushing bereave ment if any ones presence could afford comfort it would be yours When the blow came it found us so unprepared to meet it All that human skill could do was done for our sainted boy One so pure was not to remain long Willie the third Lincoln son said to have inherited many of his fathers traits was dead Grief stayed behind By 1862 Washingtons popu lation had gone from to The areas overly taxed sewage lines draining into the Potomac broke The White House got its water from the contaminated river Huge outbreaks of typhoid resulted all over Washington Willie was one of many casualties When I think over his short but happy childhood how much comfort he always was to me and how fearfully I always found my hopes concentrating on so good a boy as he was my question to myself is Can life be endured Mary added Offered for sale in the Fine Books and Manuscripts snle the letter brought Here are some prices for other historical pieces offered in the auction Spare Dont change room for at least a year The Associated Press Can life be endured Mary Todd Lincoln asked in a letter after the death of her son Willie Photographs Panama Canal 120 mostly the American phase of construction circa 1912 Autograph letters Katha rine Hepburn 23 to sculptor Robert Johnson McKnight signed and nine typed circa 1943 to 1988 Cartedevisite photo album Civil War Union offi cers 197 at the end is a carte of Charles Dickens 1860s Autograph letters and documentsalbum of presiden tial documents and letters from George Washington to Herbert Hoover Autograph letters Winslow Homer 103 offering important documentation of Homers paintings and methods of work ing written to Knoedler Gallery in New York City Rosemary McKitrricfc writes about art antiques and collect ibles for The New Mexican Continued from Page 11 vert was in there yanking out snarled computer cables and rearranging the crowded shelves of trophies awards framed photos and girlfriend gifts She also cleaned die rug and washed Davids stuffed monkey Foo Foo She stopped short of doing anything drastic such as turning her sons hangout into a much needed guest room aldiough space is at a premium in their narrow 1840 Alexandria town house I was told that its very important not to change the room into another function at least for the first says Mary Calvert a speech thera pist Its important to keep their sense of For Kristi Hoerauf of St Leonard sending daugh ter Lauren off to Marylands Towson University brought no plans to change anything in the freshmans green bedroom filled with childhood memen tos and photographs Kristi Hoerauf grew up in a military family that moved constantiy I wondered what it would be like to have just one room and live in one home and have a place you really belonged I wanted that for my She and her husband wanted Lauren to be able to hang out in her room with friends from Patuxent High School during school vacations But some parents are not about to keep hands off crammed closets and tapedup Kiss posters I had one client who turned her daughters bedroom into a meditation says Lisa Bar tolomei a Washington designer The client boxed her daughters belongmgs stashed them in the attic and bought a new sofa bed She painted the room pumpkin and added crystals and candles Her daughter was having fun at college and she didnt says BartoIomeL Chevy Chase designer Carolyn Wilson of Design in a Day has no problem urging cli ents to lay claim to collegeage childrens bedrooms if they need the space But her advice often is ignored These darn kids just keep coming laughs Wilson mother of two Kids love com ing home because they have their own beautiful room some body to do their laundry and there is always food They are so Professional organizer Hemp hill whose firm Hemphill Pro Institute is based North Carolina says it is rude to dismantle a childs room with out communicating with them but she urges parents to face the fact that their kids are adults Part of growing up and going to school is that children develop lives of their says Hemphill coauthor with Mag gie Bedrosian of Love It or Lose It Living Clutter Free Forever She suggests turning a bed room into a family space where the college student can hang out with friends when home on vacation Crocker Question is simply what works Continued from Page ll roof I am curious as to your rec ommendations on traditional roofing material and why if stabilization is bad for adobe it is not similarly bad for roofs Sin cerely Stephen WusL To which I responded Stephen if I understand the question the substrate is the dif ference Tiie comparisons are an adobe wall a vertical element covered in an impermeable sheathing versus a wood framed roof also made to be watertight The latter must be impermeable but the former should not because the adobe has to be kept dry at all costs The best way to do that is to leave it exposed counterintuitive as that may seem because adobe walls can get wet even very wet but as long as they are allowed to dry out theyre fine Think of all the exposed walls you have seen that deteriorate at an indolently slow rate However if the adobe is encased and water gets in guaranteed via a crack a bad flashing plumbing whatever but cannot escape the moisture buildup will lead to failure And always as a surprise whereas when a roof leaks you know it DELIVERY Plaster should be considered sacrificial a building component intended to weather and fail before the wall does In order of effectiveness as a sacrificial layer come mud lime Portland and elastomerics It is all about vapor permeability I love mud roofs and have lived under them But honestly they are difficult and do require regular attention For that rea son I favor an asphalt roof but will endorse anything that sheds water reliably Have I come close to an answer With regards Ed Crocker I cant figure out what caused the altered state Honestly or perhaps I thought I had responded circumspectly and had in fact endorsed the hated modern materials as long as they worked Ed Crocker is a preservation contractor who specializes in earthen and stone buildings He is a trustee of the Interna tional Council on Monuments and Sites Fie can be reached at Crocker Architectural Conservation 505 9822448 or firstname.lastname@example.org For homedelivery call 9840363 18008733372 NEW MEXICANS frtgage 15YnFHAAA AOOmOKAL PROGRAWS ChtiriginQ lives one loan at a time Great 100 Programs Up PM Today 30YEAR 15YEAR ARMs MVR FHWVA Admiral Mortgage 5 5059834512 20yr fixed Mortgage NO 5059953140 5 no 1 more infn our website at Mortgage 5059829376 call leu current rale information Buyers Mtg Co 1 1 5059869080 1 1 1 service reat rales great time to cafl Mortgage Corp 5 and great rales call now Mortgage 5059891900 ARM ARM 75 ARM and best rales call now VA Freddie Mac IcxLij released Ihe mulls of its Primary Mnngnjie Market aged SiirveySM PMMSSM in which the 30year mortgage FRM avenged percent with Average conunilincnl rates slmulil IK reported Jong will average fees and points to retlect tlic total an average point for III week ending September 21X15 up from last week when it averaged 1f lie percent year M Ihis lime the 30year FRM averaged percent FrcMie cllicf Frant KmMl in nK rales Hie average for the 15year FRM week is percent with an nveniue point up from last n market anxieties over inflationary pressures energy price increases and sipping consumer conlitlcncc iveek when H averaged 5 37 percent Ayearauo Hie avcraicil percent Rvcyear Trcasuryintoed hylrid mortgages ARMs percent Ihis 1akcn KSe personn spending during UK last quarter of year veek with m avenge point tip from last week when il averaged percent There is no annual aiu rmmgage information for List year since Freddie Mac only tmtking ihis mortgage rale M thcsian ahead next weeks cmploymeni report for Scptemlier will proviilc n criiiciil indicitor of the of this year economic effects of ihc receni If Hull report confinns ihc markets expectation for only a Oneyear Treasuryindexed ARMs averaged perccnl Ihis week with an average 0 fi poim up slight hump in tlie uncmployniciil rale and overall job losses of around personnel mortgage slightly fnwn last week wficn il averaged perccnl Al this lime last ycir the oneyear aver Rites may run rise much more through lie end of Ilie to be listed in Ihis fr viirrvnl mil miich men1 1 to tht Otity Sort comfit programs by rttro potato Chfdt our our useful mortgtga ataMon 1 to he ncciirate hul not be am can clnnfe uiilKHil nmicc CrciliT Kisliujr rnrkptoilfvp PICO Score wl oilier facLKS nuy jfrrel nmcranl I1IU1 lermi Rates hwol on single family nan National Avfrtlfe5 91 Jumbo rares loin over based mortgage National Average year ARM mortgage National Average and tnhcr restricliom ma apply Closing costs may vary Comae each compiny ftir R refinance prnpram only Pis points ineltkre anil discount Ijvk nue lock period 30ffl day kick unlesi specified AIR Annual 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