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Santa Fe New Mexican: Sunday, October 2, 2005 - Page 58

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   New Mexican (Newspaper) - October 2, 2005, Santa Fe, New Mexico                                Week in review H2 SUNDAY OCTOBER 2 2005 H THE NEW MEXICAN BILL STEWART Understanding Your World Security key to success in Iraq Iraq has almost disappeared from the front pages of the nations newspapers Hur ricanes Katrina and Rita have replaced it And yet the war in Iraq has not gone away It has become a divisive issue in the with thousands demonstrating against it in Washington and hundreds if not thousands demonstrating in favor The war is a disaster for the Iraqi people and for the Bush administration Public support for the war is collapsing And for good reason There is little room for optimism in the near or even distant future that Iraq will resemble the democratic nation whose creation was the ultimate purpose of the war weapons of mass destruction of course was the first pur The reasons for going to war have been bitterly argued in public since the beginning of hostilities There is little point in going over them now The important question is what do we do now A quick withdrawal is out of the question There are imme diate needs in Iraq that must be addressed and can only be addressed by the and its coalition partners including the government of Iraq The first is security And by that I mean the security of the Iraqi people not that of coalition forces or those of the Kurds and the government in Baghdad Fear and sectarian hatred stalk the land The aim of the insurgent forces is to rip the country into civil war hence the attacks of Sunni insurgents on Shiite civilians Iraq is dan gerously close to that point Some would say it is already there I dont thinkit is but it is close very close There needs to be renewed emphasis on the vetting and intensive training of indig security part this is already under way but it is woefully short of the target In the recent incident in Basra southern Iraq when British forces using a battle tank stormed a local police station to rescue two British operatives there was a great local outcry And yet even local officials admitted that the Basra police had been heav ily infiltrated by radical Shiite elements loyal to dissident Shiite leader Moqtada al Sadr British forces simply didnt trust the police to do their job The same is true across the country The police and secu rity forces have been seriously infiltrated by insurgent forces That has to change Security is the key factor in the development of Iraq as a viable country And here I think there is a valid parallel with the war in Vietnam In South Vietnam the US tried for many years to ensure the security of as many of the Vietnamese people as possible Essentially we failed though there was marked success in some parts of the country The American idea then and now was that if we could light the fire of democracy in South Vietnam the South Vietnamese would be willing arid able part See STEWART Page H3 Jacob Associated Press Marines inspect the site where a roadside bomb destroyed their lightly armored vehicle killing 14 Marines and a civilian interpreter on Aug 3 in Barwana near Haditha Iraq Lance Cpl Grant B Fraser 22 Lance Cpl Brett Wightman 22 Lance Cpl Edward Schroeder II 23 The Last Marine For squads lone survivor blast brings loss of a second family and doubts about war Lance Cpl Eric Bernholtz 23 Cpl David Kenneth Kreuter 26 Sgt Justin Hoffman 27 Lance Cpl Christopher Dyer 19 Lance Cpl Michael Cifuentes 25 Lance Cpl Timothy Michael Bell 22 Sgt Bradley 25 Lance Cpl Aaron Reed 21 Lance Cpl Travis Williams 21 Editors note Associ ated Press reporter Antonio Castaneda spent three weeks in western Anbar province in Iraq with Marines in Lima Company 3rd Battalion 25th Regiment 4th Division earlier this year He was with the unit when they led an offensive into the city of Haditha in late May And he returned to the area after an August blast killed 14 Marines and shortly before the unit began demobiliz ing to return to the by early October By Antonio Castaneda The Associated Press HADITHA DAM Iraq Cpl David Kreuter had a new baby boy hed seen only in photos Lance Cpl Michael Cifuenfeswas counting the days to his wedding Lance CpL Nicholas Bloem had just celebrated his 20th birthday Travis Williams remembers them all all 11 men in his Marine squad all now dead Two months ago they shared a cramped room stacked with bunk beds at this base in north west Iraq where the Euphrates River rushes by Now the room has been stripped of several beds brutal testament that Lance Cpl Williams closest friends are gone For the 12 young Marines who landed in Iraq early this year the war was a series of hectic constant raids into more than a dozen lawless towns in Iraqs most hostile province Anbar The pace and the danger bound them together into what they called a second family even as some began to question whether their raids were mak ing any progress Now all of the Marines assigned to the 1st Squad 3rd Platoon Lima Company 3rd Battalion 25th Regiment based in Columbus Ohio are gone all except Williams They died in a roadside bombing ser by insurgents on Aug 3 that killed a total of 14 Marines Most of the squad were in their early 20s the youngest was 19 They were like a family They were the tightest squad Ive ever said CapL Chris topher Toland of Austin Texas the squads platoon commander Even though many did not know each other before they got to Iraq They truly loved each All that is left now are photos and snippets of video saved on dusty laptops that run for a few dozen seconds As they pack up to return home by early October the Marines from Lima Company includ ing the squads replacements sometimes huddle around Williams laptop in a room at the dam straining to watch the few remaining moments of their young friends lives Some photos and videos carry the squads adopted motto Family is Please see LAST Page H3 THE GLOBALIST QUIZ Driving the worlds oil economy Editors note The Globalist Quiz is a new feature that will run every Sun day in the Nation World section The Globalist Every day Americans use the equivalent of 9 million barrels of crude oil in the form of gasoline to fuel the fleet of 226 million cars and light trucks We wonder These 9 million barrels of oil equal the total oil con sumption for the entire economies of which group of countries Answers A South and Central America B China and India C Germany UK Canada and Russia D Middle East A South and Central America is not correct South and Central America have a combined oil consumption of about million barrels of oil a day This means that their total oil con for all purposes such as industry aviation and heating equals only about half the amount China will rapidly become Section editor Mike Cosgrove 9863024 mikec@afnewmexican.com of oil the United States uses daily in the form of gasoline for driving B China and India is not correct Together China and India which account for more than onethird of the worlds population consume only about million barrels of oil per day The two most populous countries in the world thus use less oil to run their entire economies than Americans con sume just to drive their cars However China will rapidly become a major consumer of gasoline While the nation now has about 20 million cars and trucks it could have 120 mil lion by 2020 India will likely see simi lar developments as incomes rise C Germany UK Canada and Rus sia is correct Together Germany Russia the UK and Canada four of the worlds major industrialized countries use about nine million barrels of oil per day for their entire economies That is as much oil as the United States uses for gasoline alone according to data compiled by BP The United States consumes about 20 million barrels of oil each day Of that amount about 9 million barrels or 45 percent is converted into gasoline Another 22 percent of US oil con sumption goes toward other transpor tation such as trucking and aviation D Middle East is not correct The Middle East consumes about million barrels of oil per day which accounts for less than 6 percent of global oil consumption Likewise other countries and regions with small economies and poor populations consume relatively little oil as well For example Africa accounts for only 33 percent of global oil consumption and even populous nations like Indonesia or Pakistan con sume only percent and percent of the worlds oil respectively Comments Suggestions Email us at quiz@theglobalist.com Design and headlines Mike Cosgrove mikec@sfnewmexican.com   

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