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New Mexican (Newspaper) - October 2, 2005, Santa Fe, New Mexico Sunday October 2 2005 THE NEW MEXICAN C7 f iv Since Amoving i front Wisconsin Alex has become less daring about his in public such as while his dog 1 Glide Boi or grrl Photos by Morry Associated Press Polanco exists in a gray area where gender is often blurred and where he feels no obligation to choose one gender over the other He often switches back and forth around friends he trusts or in urban neighborhoods where he feels free to express himself Here he adjusts his wig on a day when hes feeling female Youth culture testing the boundaries of gender identity and roles By Martha Irvine The Associated Press CHICAGO When it comes to gender Alex Polanco is not easily pegged Some days he wakes up in the morning and feels male pulling on jeans and a Tshirt and leaving it at that Other times he wears makeup and one of the wigs he keeps in tidily packed boxes in his bedroom closet I dont want to call it a split person ality but sometimes I feel like a Sol put on the costume what feels says the 18yearold Chi cagoan who refers to himself as tranny boy The term is deliberately ambigu ous reflecting the gray area in which Polanco exists where gender is blurred and he feels no obligation to choose female over male or vice versa He often switches backand forth arrAind friends he trusts or in urban neighborhoods where he feels free to express himself flFm not trying to be permanently that says Polanco a tall lanky teen who recently moved to Northern Wisconsin with a friend to attend a community college I just like the opportunity to be a man or a woman if I The concept of genderbending is of course not a new phenomenon Nineteenthcentury author George Sand was famous for her cigarsmok ing and pantswearing while female impersonators worked their way from underground clubs in decades past to more prominent billing on the Las Vegas strip More recently against a backdrop of increasing equality in the workplace youth and pop icons have been slowly pushing the limits on gender roles from the longhaired rock bands of the 60s to David Bowies androgynous look and Madonnas celebration of drag in the 1980s and 90s Now macho men get makeovers on mainstream TV and one of the most popular TV talkshow hosts is a lesbian comic who feels comfortable in slacks and sneakers And academics who spe cialize in gender and pop culture say todays youth are continuing to test the boundaries of gender challenging societal standards in the process I think the fluidity of gender is the next big wave in terms of adolescent says Caitlin Ryan a clinical social worker at San Francisco State University whos conducting a longterm sexualorientation and gen der survey of youth and their families Gender has become part of the defin ing way that youth organize them selves and rebel against While researchers have yet to quan tify the trend Ryan says shes seen more young people coming out as transsexual those who believe they are one gender trapped in the body of the other in the last five years She and others in her field also are seeing a noticeable number of young people who are taking it further by purposely evading gender definition They are gender expressing androgyny with wardrobe hairstyle or makeup sometimes going as far as calling themselves a boi or agrrf For his part Polanco calls his genderbend ing friends brosis a combination of brother and sister To some youth playing with gender identity and roles is as much about fun and selfexpression as anything Theres a kind of tongueincheek aspect to Ryan says as well as a celebration of But often it cuts deeper even for some young transsexuals whove chosen to move from one gender to the other At the very basic level its about telling society that were not going to adhere to your rules At some level it is very political and antimainstream society And on a different level its also very personal trying to figure yourself says Jourian a 24 yearold graduate student at Michigan State University who specifically calls himself a tmnsmale not just male because he doesnt want people to place his gender into a simple box Born a female Jourian does not always hide his highpitched voice or mannerisms that many would consider more feminine Although I identify as a man I have been socialized in this world as a female and that experience plays a huge part in shaping my mascu linity my politics and my perspective in Jourian says Andy Marra the 20yearold head of the board of directors for the National Center for Transgender Equality agrees People assume that gender is cut and dried and its says Marra who describes her gender identity as female and biological gender as male But what about a gay male whos effeminate or for that matter a straight male whos effeminate or straight woman whos butch Several scientists including Craig Kinsley met this summer at the annual International Behavioral Development Symposium in Minot to discuss the biology of gender It so complex so unfathomable in some respects that it is no wonder our politicians find comfort in defin ing a world that is populated by only men and says Kinsley a neuroscientist at the University of Richmond But trying to define males and females as just males and females really just misses the Hemingway villa crumbles under embargo government has banned help for Wie memorypacked Finca Vigia because its in Cuba By Ruth Morris South Florida SunSentinel SAN FRANCISCO DE JfAULA Cuba The bullfight ing posters have been packed away the famous Royal type writer stored in a dry place His Cinzano bottle is gone too as is his hot jazz collection Restoration has begun on the Cuban hilltop villa where Ernest Hemingway hung his hat and Hunting trophies for 21 years from 1939 to 1960 The swash buckling author produced some qf his most brilliant works at the house where he lived after leav ing Key West Fla kits also where he threw some most legendary parties Cuban boxers and French exis tjentialists raised glasses on the vinedraped verandah movie star Ava Gardner reportedly skinnydipped in the pool But as repairs progress conservationists say the project lacks funding and materials they are eager to supply assistance banned under the terms of the embargo more they say the home may suffer irreparably if arent allowed to play a larger role A Cuban team launched emergency preserva tion efforts earlier this year dry mg sodden walls and adjusting sagging ceiling beams But its a major job with limited resources The house is treasured by the Cubans not going to let this house sink into the ground and said Jenny Phil lips cofounder of the Boston based Hemingway Preservation Foundation which was denied a US license last year to help fund restoration efforts But in a resourcedeprived conomy the work may not be done at the highest he warned That is why we eel a sense of urgency and Responsibility to get on foundation sent a team of ixperts to Cuba last week to tuny needed repairs under a I pocial travel license issued by I Treasury Department Even when they finish their feasibility study later this year though how they will put their findings to work The group will reapply to the Treasury Department for a res toration license in Phillips said but has no guaran tee of receiving one Termitebitten and bedrag gled by time the home sits in scruffy splendor among mango and guava trees just south of Havana Cubas National Center for Cultural Patrimony estimates it will cost up to million to preserve the villa known as Finca Vigia or Look out Farm The complex includes the home a fourstory lookout tower Hemingways wooden fishing boat and his books and belongings So far the Cuban government has allotted for firstphase restora tion of the main house The structure also serves as a museum although most of Hemingways belongings have been removed during restora tion When fully operational it offers visitors a chance to peer through open windows onto scenes that seem suspended in time as if Hemingway shirtless and in Bermuda shorts had just stepped away from his desk The US Treasury Depart ment which overseas embargo regulations allows Americans to travel to Cuba for educational and humanitarian purposes but not to promote tourism It deemed the Heming way house a tourist draw and thus banned financial help We should be focusing on rebuilding the shattered lives of poor rather than fixing buildings for one of the worlds richest dictators Fidel said Rep Ileana RosLehtinen an embargo supporter in a recent press statement Hemingway has in fact hooked plenty of tourists for Cuba Visitors from around the world beat a track to his favorite Havana bar El Floridita to order his favorite drink a daiquiri made with grapefruit juice The nearby fishing village of Cojimar where he gathered string for his novella The Old Man and the Sea sees busloads of tourists every weekend Foundation lawyer Tom Her man said however that revenue generated by restoring Heming ways home would be nominal This project will not channel more resources to the Cuban government It will channel resources to restoration of Finca he said Noting that the house is as much an educational institution as a tourist destina tion he added If Finca Vigia is lost it will be lost GRILL HIDEAWAY MARKET OPEN DAILY Cuisine Beer Wine 3810 Highway 14 Snnla Fe across from Low Gas Station S 0547430 07 LEVEL HEADED CONSTRUCTION LOANS At Casita we work closely with you to define goals recommend todays lending lending programs anil secure the lowest rate available anywhere offering a sound financial foundation 309 S St Francis Or OutjiJe Suntn Fc n Rsmnoln j Rancho de Chimayo Restaurante On October 3 1965 Rancho de Chimayo opened its doors to Santa Fe and Northern New Mexico serving traditional native New Mexican cuisine in a historic and exceptional setting New Mexico Now 40 years later the restaurante hasjecomc world renowned and continues to offer friends old and new from near and far a most memorable 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