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New Mexican (Newspaper) - June 9, 1969, Santa Fe, New Mexico n Wfttt'i Oldest Founded 1849 120th Year, Issue No. 167 12 SANTA VK, NEW MEXICO, MONDAY, JUNE 9, 1969 One Section Price 10 Cents U.S.-Viet solidarity affirmed MIDWAY ISLAND (AP) President Nixon's first move to pare down the U.S. troop com- mitment in men as a followed Sunday night by a strong affir- mation of Washington-Saigon solidarity. The harmony declaration came from President Nguyen Van Thieu in off-the-cuff re- marks to newsmen following his summit meeting with Nixon on tiny, mid-Pacific Midway Is- land. Referring to advance specula- tion that there might be serious differences between the United Stales and the Saigon govern- ment over ways and means to promote the search for peace, Thieu said with "This Is not true very that.1 close understanding on adviser sitting beside each chief executive, N'ixon returned to Honolulu for an overnight stay and Thieu Hew back lo Saigon. Thieu expressed satisfaction with Nixon's decision to with- draw American troops from his country, with all indi- cations pointing to further with- drawals. It seemed evident the Ameri- can delegation at Midway hoped the move would help defuse homefront criticism of Nixon's Vietnam policy. But Sen. Eugene McCarthy, D-Minn., said he didn't "see that this is any significant indi- cation of any program to try and resolve or end the war." And Sen. George S. McGovern, We have aJD-S.D., commented: "I can't emphasis: the faster the better, as far as I am concerned." In his announcement, said: "President me that the Nixon Thieu informed progress of the training program and the equip- ping program for South Viet- namese forces had been so suc- cessful that he could now re- commend that the United Stales begin forces to replace U.S. combat with Vietnamese forces troops closer Following five hours of talks, most of them with only one key see where significant policy this represents any shift of American think we ought to begin taking them all out, and Nguyen Thicu .good news for the American people we will do our best from now on to alleviate the burden of the American people "As a consequence of the rec- ommendation by [he president iind the assessment of our own commander in the field, 1 have decided to order the immediate redeployment from Vietnam of a division equivalent of approxi- mately men. "'Ibis troop replacement will begin within the next 30 days and will be completed by the end of August "1 will announce plans (or fur- ther replacement as decisions are made." In Washington, Pentagon sources said the probably will get no home than Okinawa or Hawaii. From there they could rushed back lo Vietnam if need- ed. Some officers at the Pentagon were surprised that more Amer- icans weren't being pulled out. One source said there had been proposals to withdraw or more men. The President was "being he added. Nixon said decisions of future withdrawals would hinge on the readiness of Souih Vietnamese forces, progress in the Paris peace talks and the level of ene- my activity. White House sources had said earlier they believed a troop withdrawal made from a posi- tion of strength would promote Continued on Page 2 Laird: U.S. nearer peace WASHINGTON (AP) Secre- j tary of Defense Melvin R. Laird The task force, to convene at the Pacific command in Hawaii, declared today P re s i d en tiwill include representatives at Nixon's decision to pull Laird's office and of each of the troops out of Vietnam moves services, and air and Richard Nixon .as a consequence of the recommendation by the presi- dent and the assessment of our commander in the field, I have decided United States "closer to peace." The defense chief said he be- lieves the U.S. effort to give South Vietnam a bigger role in sea transport specialists. Laird would not forecast how the North Vietnamese would react to the initial U.S. with- Burger appointment dawn of a new trend WASHINGTON (AP) The Senate may usher in a new judi- cial era with confirmation today of Warren E. Burger as chief justice of the United States. Senate leaders seeking to wrap up work on the confirma- tion, after a false start last had all Ihe technicalities taken care of for a planned vote this aflernoon on Ihe first change in high court adminis- possibly its judicial 16 years. Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, Democratic leader, risked for a roll call vote al- though he said he has heard of no opposition. No one in the Senate had ex- pressed any crilicism of Burger who was promoted from the District of Columbia appeals court to succeed Chief Justice Earl Warren. President Nixon announced the selection 19 days ago. Senale Republican Leader Ev- erelt M. Dirksen attempted to speed the confirmation last Thursday, but this was called off because primed copies of Burger's testimony before the Judiciary Committee were not ready. The reports were avail- able today. Although his appointment was cheered loudly by conservative Republicans and Democrats as portending a new trend on Ihe high courl, Burger has said he will not be a captive of either conservatives or liberals. His credo, as he puts it, is that every case has to stand on individual merits. He says he regards his opinions during the 13 years on the circuit court as far more liberal than Ihe con- servatives like lo Ihink they are. On the other hand, Burger has asserted his dedicalion to a much stricter interpretation of Ihe Constitution than the War- ren Court followed in some cases. Burger pleased nearly all Ju- diciary Committee members by saying the Supreme Court has no power to legislate or to amend the charges critics have voiced against Warren's direction of Ihe court. The 61-year-old judge indicat- ed he will sever connections with non-judicial organizations. He listed six organizations lo which he belongs, including the Mayo Foundation which has paid'him in fees as a trus- tee. Foundations are a sensitive Is- lion of Justice Abe "Fortas alter it was disclosed he had accepted a fee from the family foun- dation of Louis E. Wolfson, a financier now serving a prison lerm. Burger, a former Republican chairman of his native state of Minnesota, knows his way around politics. He was credited with helping swing Minnesota's deciding votes to D wight D. Ei- senhower when the latter de- feated the late Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio for Ihe GOP presi- dential nomination in 1952. He served as an assistant attorney general in the Eisenhower ad- ministration. Nixon has indicated lhat he would be ready with a second 1 (he alter court appointment, lo Fortas vacancy, shortly Burger's confirmation. new federal truth-in-Iending law ments must be made and what svhich becomes effective July 1 Ihe iron wilt have cost when Ihe won't make credit any final payment is made. but it could encourage borrow-j Tne stated purpose of Ihe in Latin America, Asia and ers to shop around for the best i is to let borrowers and cus- icrs know the exact cost of tome ;credit. H does not fix maximum }we do not follow through now Tijerina threatens official after arrest minimum charges for credit. ALBUQUERQUE (AP) Re-j les Lopez Tijerina, New Mexicoj land grant claimant, says For-: est Service special agenl Jim Evans has "24 hours to gel out of the state." Tijerina says his Alliance of Free City Stales (AHanza) is go- ing ahead with plans lo make a citizen's arrest of Evans, and "this time we are not going un- armed." Tijerina, wife Patsy, son Rey- es Hugh Lopez fijerina Jr., Ru- dy Trujillo and Jose Aragon, all of Albuquerque, were re- leased on their own recogni- zance Sunday in U. S. Commis- sioner's Court in Albuquerque alter they were charged in con- nection with the burning of a Forest Service sign. Ramon Tijerina, San Antonio, Tex., brother of Reies Lopez Ti- jerina, was released on bond; and Carol Watson, Coyo- te, N.M., and Kerin Hamarat of Youngsville, N.M., recently of New York City, were jailed in lieu of bond each. Reies Tijerine, Ramon Tije- rina, Reyes Hugh Tijerina, Tru- jillo and Aragon are charged with assaulting and interfering with Evans as he performed his duty. Mrs. Tijerina, Miss Watson! and Hamarat are charged with participating in destruction of a Forest Service sign at Coyolc valued at several hundred dol- lars. Tijerina says the charges are "enlirely false. He prepared a telegram to Asst. Ally. Gen. for Civil Rights Jems Leonard Sun- day night demanding the imme- diate 'Ding of criminal charges against the New Mexico Slate Police and Forset Service offi- cials. He said in the telegram lhat he and six other defendants were unarmed bystanders as his wife burned Ihe sign. He said "she was willing to be ar- rested and went without any re- sistance." He said she burned the sign because it was on land be- longing to the old San Joaquin land grant. He said Evans' arrest of Ihe seven was "criminal and lhat Evans overpowered the unarmed AHanza members "because he had a bunch of bullies hiding around the Tijerina said he plans to "use whatever force Is necessary to put Evans under arrest." Tijerina and the other seven all were in custody a few min- utes afler the fiery Spanish- American emerged from a car carrying a carbine shortly aft- er his wife was arrested for the sign burning. There was no violence. Evans said, "He approached me with a 30-30 carbine. I told him to drop il and he did." Evans said he also had a car- bine al the lime. Later, in an arraignment be- fore U. S. Commissioner E. E. Greeson, Tijerina waived his right lo an attorney and said he would defend himself. His pre liminary hearing was set for Tuesday. The olher seven all asked (or court appointed atlorncys. Ra- mon Tijerina's request was de- nied. But the others were ap proved, and a hearing Tuesday morning was sel for all seven. The elghl were a colorful group as they stood before courtroom. Mosl wore western garb, but Miss Watson was dressed In hippie clothes. Na marat wore sunglasses in the 9 p.m. hearing, and Aragon, an Albuquerque artist, wore n black, brightly decorated som Continued on Page 2 possible deal. Lenders for the first lime wi lave to furnish potential rowers with complete and de-i The law applies to banks, sav- lailcd figures on how much ings and loan associations, de- credit will cost and a realistic statement of the interest charge. They also will have lo be more specific in advertising. No longer will it suffice to ad- vertise a electric iron, for example, for down and weekly payments. The ad will Foreign aid drive opened WASHINGTON (AP) The Nixon administration opened its drive in Congress today (or billion in new foreign aid funds, saying the U.S. program must continue if America is to keep ils influence in developing lands. "We musf face'up (b theTact that politically, the United Stales cannot drop out of partici- pation in the struggle for devel- opment and still expect to re- main influential and relevant in the developing Elliot L. Richardson said. Richardson, as acting secre- tary of state, was the scheduled lead-off witness in closed ses- sion as the House Foreign Af- fairs Committee began about a month of hearings on the new overseas assistance bill. Congress chopped deeply Into the program last year, and President Nixon is seeking WASHINGTON (AP) Theihave to say how long the more than last year's Warren Burger Lenders must show true credit costs the war "will bear fruit" in coming days. I Bm [aird conlended that lne Laird did not Identify winch us dedsjon a si units will be the f.rst lo leave ,Q ,he .he war zone. He said that will thaf the UnUed Slales js be decided Thursday by a joint maintain its objective" Of self service task force which is. for (he Somh oeing assigned to prepare b the movement of withdrawing measurcd lroo reducticn. units in early July. Othar sources indicated (he withdrawn troops would not re- turn (o this country, but would be held in reserve in such areas i as Okinawa and Hawaii, fromj which they could be rushed This should also indicate to the North Vietnamese, Laird said, that the United States "is firm in its resolve to see that the South Vietnamese do lake over and are prepared and are back to Vietnam in case they "pable" of defending them selves. to On Capitol Hill, a newsman there already are corn- should be needed. The pulloul is expecled start with Ihe withdrawal several combat battalions support-type forces. or j ments by war critics that the Continued on Page 2 appropriation in an efforl lo prevent a slump in U.S. eco- nomic help lo developing coun- Africa. Richardson testified that Grazing problems discussed Gov. David F. Cargo is al- (empling to smooth a conflict between the U. S. Forest Ser- vice and cattle growers in north- ern New Mexico. An announcement from (he governor's office said he will be meeting today with forest ser- vice officials and representa- tives of the livestock associa tions connected with the nalion- al forest. The foresl service permits cat- tlemen lo graze their stock in specified areas of (he forests but controls the number of catlle permitted per acre and other conditions. Cargo said he called today's meeting afler he was told of problems ranchers were cncoun toring during several trips into Ihe small communities of north crn New Mexico. Exempted from its provisions are business and commercial credit, except agricultural cred- it, and credit over ex- cept real estale transactions. The Federal Trade Commis- new high NEW YORK (AP) One of the major banks in New York sion, the primary enforcement today raised its prime agency, expects credit interest it charges Its biggest lo encounter difficulties best customers for loans- ing to the new requirements. j to a historic high of per cent 'from effective immediately. An increase had been expect- unlil the countries we aid be- Continued on Page 2 Interest partmcnt stores, credit card is- suers, credit unions, automobile dealers, residential mortgage j brokers and anyone extending; or arranging credit lor which a i finance charge is payable. Troop withdrawal a farce says Hanoi PARIS (AP) nam today described "crude farce" the announce ment of Presidents Nixon and Nguyen Van Thieu that Ihe United States will withdraw troops from South Viet- J North Viet- a sign thai the decision to with- draw the U.S. troops had softened the position of the other side in the peace negotia- tions. Allied spokesmen had said in advance that the significant thing in the reaction of the nam by the end of August. North Vietnamese and A spokesman for the Hanoi CcmS be whclhcr delegation to the Paris peace talks asserted lhat (he Midway meeting of the allied leaders shows more clearly than ever "the obstinacy with which Ihe Viet i ac- cepted the announcement as a sign of good will. The North Vietnamese spokes- man said President Nixon was following in the tracks of former Nixon administration clings to President Lyndon B. Johnson in its policy of aggression --j neocolonialism." The bilterness of the initial North Vietnamese reaction was seen by conference observers pursuing a war of aggression in Vietnam and in trying to revive the present Saigon government which he called "Quislings" and The Federal Reserve Board sent about copies of its "Regulation Z lo affected credi- tors to explain (he law. Here are some questions the full one per surprising. raised and the answers provided The increase by Bankers Trust in "Regulation ed (or some time, but amount of (he Q: What is '.he finance charge? A: The total of all costs the borrower must pay, directly or indirectly. Q: What costs are included In the finance charge? A: Interest, loan fee, any amount paid as a discount, serv- ice or carrying charge, credit investigation fee, cost of life or olher insurance. The dollar and cents total of these charges, and Ihe percemage they represenl, must be stated in writing except that only the annual per cent rate must be included in the sale of dwellings. Q: What is tlte annu.il centage rate? A: The relative cost of credit in percentage terms, 'viih all Continued on Page 2 Co. of New York was announced without comment. When one bank increases the prime rate, others usually fol low. The prime rate is used in de lermining the interest rate charged most large corpora- tions. Olher rates, such as inter- est rates to consumers, are scaled upward from Ihe prime rate. The old rate of per cent was a record high when it was set or. March 17, As recently as last Dec. 2 the rate was A series of rale increases, usually one-fourlh or one-hall of a per cent at a lime, had occurred be- tween December'ami March. The Feo'eral Reserve Board has taken a number of steps to make it more expensive and Continued M 1 COSTLY BLAZE Students and Faculty membeti. at Southern Illinois University watch as the flam- ing bell tower of STU's "old main" building topples from llames that gutted the building Sunday, Dam- age was estimated at from 54 Million to 88 Million. .One student was slightly injured, (AP Wirephoto)
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