Saturday, December 29, 1888

Santa Fe Herald

Location: Santa Fe, New Mexico

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Santa Fe Herald (Newspaper) - December 29, 1888, Santa Fe, New Mexico Fe Herald. VOL, I. santa fe, new ay 29, 1888. -NOrfie. THE GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. V mm To ihe I'ni'llirll au I lluuse of Ke|>rwK-nl*llve* of � . ' ilia Mth U'Klslatlee AssentM' of N'civ Mesleoi (Jentlanien of the Amtenihly:-it affords,' mo Hulwtiintlitt MitWit'-tinn to txi able .to any that 'siiiiM the irio�Uiin of the Utth � I.u;<i�liitlve Assembly of Now Mexico, the inndltlnn of the territory lias 'boon one of tranquillity, mirl nmrkcil by |;enernl prosperity and development. Tlioro Iiah probably been in I ho en til n history of the territory no rorrp.tpcrnliiiij period during wllii'h it bits enjoyed the asms decree of freedom from IoprI tiirnioil, or nn ii�nii (o anticipate ita coiifiiumnro. To one o( the leront interest* of the Territory-the slock ' imliiMtry-Iiiih i'ome ' mmie �rte�HHro of tllnnnter that hint been common to that iiidiuriry in all lh� went-, orn Mste^Jiind .territories, though fur lliditrr he!*;' th�n elsewhere-� hile our. "'mining�' �iwi,ilitri''>)ltiiwl -iialiielrlftH have taken on;uriij|ililinn of rlevelofiiiionl Unit '... Iiiis'fur more than eii)�it '.ii�tative As :!)ile itHi>p?r)i|ioiiInn l��ri't'iiti iippnii'iil -bur Isliip iii'sfiine.rcsppi tR, Iiiim ..eli'o. tmilly protevleil the live sto-k (rom "tisea�e; and fhe'e'|ii�l(le ctiniale of New Moxi.'n Iiiih prevented the perion* losses :.j Jlrioftj1 ViiiiI rliiiMtiir riniditions .Hint have  oei;t�red elsewhere. At the name time th.e enterprise and intelligent foresight of Meiflco slocliineii is rovolnl ionizing ami localizing that industry mid brihitiiig if ,ifito harmony with the inherent*, of wtr tleuieht and development of tliotinor-...iraiotocl liui eeii directed to the attainment of a /fTi'Wh sfimdiird of excellence, till they liave', � ' produced a (snide of stoc-k that ranks , among the highest in the west.: Especially in the milling and a^ricul-tnral industries the advancement ami development have.been of u substiirifinland  , very, justifying character, surpassing the record of any eorrespondiiii; period of our previous history. Tbeso two industries ' ane destined, and for all time, eiweeiaUy .. agriculture, with which stock raismjs. will  Iwcoiiio elo�ely blended and a (Constituent, to become and continue the' biiHic industries o( the territory. In the mining of gold, especially, tlic development ;lma been exceptional in extent. and volume, which, if continued, will tend largely to obliterate.tlie piosont factitious discrimination in values of the gold and silver nietabi as commercial standards of exchange. " "Tn the nature of things, however, as all industries and all values are bottomed on successful ugilculture, it becomes us. in all ~ Ways anil under all conditions to conserve and stimulate that industry. To that end, " ns it is apparent that in large areas of the Territory uuy general, prosjierous'system o( agriculture is dependent on uu equally general and effective system of water sup-July and irrigation, a bill was Introduced "lit Congress ut its last session providing for the admission of New Mexico to'statehood, and donating a stipulated amount of ' the public lands in the be de-voted tothecstablisbmentof reservoirs for water storage for purposes of irrigation. As it is not at all probable that tills donation will be made oxcept upon the admission of New Mexico to the union, and in. order that we may be placed ut the eurliest. possible day in possession of Hint very important means of development, as ulso that we may be able to utilize as speedily us possible the usual appropriation of public lands for public schools and the purposes of public education, 1 suggest that the legislative assembly by public resolution imimoralixe congress for the prompt passage of the meaiure now pending in {he house of 'representatives for the admission of New Mexico to statehood. It is conlldenlly believed that the passage of this measure .containing these two very important propositions, would be the means of very greatly stimulating Imml-giation, investment jjj^b.devolopment. Another iiieiisiiw.uow'jwuding in con-" grpss-the bill to provide for the' settlement of titles to Swmlhll and Mexican land grants-l.i quite' as essential to the prosperity of -the territory. Its importance is so appareiirto"the comprehension of everyone wbo hgiigiven'unyconsideration to the subject, that no argument in ; ila behalf is necessary. It is a matter of such iranscenrliijUvcousequenco, to the present and futiH e establishe4 in its stead-for the reason that the district or precinct assessor necessarily has personal knowledge, el Riojmrty values ami of the probable liabil-y. to tuxution of all the |>roperty and the people ol ids precinct-that the'annual assessments can thus lie made much more promptly than now, and with er nccuiiicy and i)t im greater cost, fuler i)D e)i:cui||Slimce� sliqif)d UiP ossejt-aoKbeai) olectivs ollicor subject to the tsmptstionto instilliclent nssessiuent in retorn for political favors; - '; Tbat the county treasurer should be the Dotlector of taxes, thus avoiding the payment of fees for collectign, as now, and, Maturing the saving of many thousands of ilollars to the territory and the counties! >�ow |s�(d out In useless perceutsges: ' :'Cliat taxes be made payablo semi-annually, in June and December, with dor'' 11 ""jr" times,; with'life weans t i�t the nuiutiei* o(, sueli sufficient definition for tue aste�inent and collection of taxes thereon. The purpose of this measure is to restore to Uietax lists a considerable aumber ol tracts of land la each county on which taxes cannot how be collected, ns their boandaries are ao indefinite that they cannot be suftlcishtly ilesorllied to enable the sheriff to give a valid tax deed on being sold by him for taxes. It' would be fair to divide the costs of audi surveys between the. owner of land, the county and the territory,.ae each la benefited by such survey. It is believed that, the tax rolls of the several counties would lie perceptibly and permanently' Increased by this meaaure, as many nieces of real estate that now go untaxed would he. made tn pay their fair proportion of the politic revenues: Classify the public expenditures and create a special fund for each purpose far which the public moneys are to lie collected and expended, and make specific opproprhtiona therefor, prohibiting under proper penalties the diversion of the ummv' eye appropriated for any one purpose to the payment of tho expenses of another, at the same time incorporating upou every act making an appropriation a clause ordering t'' ' -pociflc tax sufficient for the pnyii^7/i- ' appropriation; that all treasury wm.auts ahall specify the fund tipniti which they are drawn-the name of the person to whom they are is- sued-the Mtiouut of theappropruitlonfor that fund, and the mmhm of tox levied for tile payment of that appropriation, fly ttmtWihod e�wy wWraoV^sill csrry upon its ly Ohio, Missouri, Kansas, Colorado, Uslifornb, and others in tlm Wesjt,..whore.thogeners! conditions are much as they exist .here, have been from twenty to forty years legislsting upou this subject, and from year to year crystalling into law the experience of the year before. It may be safely aa-suuied that Uiey liave einlwdied into their several systems of linanrial mlniinistrs-tion-of taxation and-revenue-all (hat is valuable that couhi be gleaneil from a generation of exjieriment, of amendment from vear to year, and of ex|ierience. I therefore'respectfully suggest, with the view of saving valuable tune) and of assuring HiV consummation of needed and effective legislation on this very important subject, that the system now in vogue in some one of these Mates be taken and adopted practically as a whole, making only sueh cluinges as may be hecessary to adapt it to the. possibly changed conditions here, and to preserve its continuity with the several features herein' outlined. Much valuable time can thus be saved for other important legislation, and in the end a better systeni assured. effective provision for the collection of taxes is an essential basis of such a systeni, The prompt payment of taxes for Hie support of government is one of. the first duties of citisenship, ss government is instituted for the protection of all, and but for which, society ae we now value it, would cease to exist. The citizen, therefore, who'seeks to evade his just meed of that general public burden, is dishonest to his neighbor, as that neighbor is thus forced to pay more than his fair share;, and dishonest to himself, in that he ttma (Uiprives himself pf the .manly satisfaction of standing even with his neighbors in Hie honest discharge of this common obligation of American cltixenship and of honest manhood... .. ...i-. As ii means lor the enforcement of the: payment of taxes, the lisw should provide for the summary sale of all property in default, and especially of lands, or so much thereof as may be sufficient for Hie discharge of the tax thereon, of course with the usual and fair provision for redemption. But in failure of redemption the Tax Deed of Hie Hherirt should be absolute, to the end Hist the Territory may not be defrauded of its just revenues. In this manner, too, may a very valuable end lie reached-the ultimate breaking up of Hie great landed estates Unit now blotch the face of the Territory and obstruct settlement and development. Huch estates are a- continuing menace to popular government and to, public order-es-pecjally when devotetUo ,the support and perpetuation of a systein'vf landlordism anrf tenantry. It their Owners van afford to psv their just proportion of taxation, as other land .owners pay, well and good -the, recourse; but if thevc^n not or ttUl.not psylet them be sbldoutnsthelttoHso* others are sold, in UmitMandl�nV^nlentJpt)t�le,tothose who can amlwiB pay. The country, in its development and in all- its social and economic intertsts, will be vastly the' gainer thereby; � Everysicreof land that does net confessed lyr; belong; to tlie.Governmeotsnd not exempli by Taw, should be required to nay its proper proportion'of taxation,'and the man who claims and lias the use of it,' no matter what the condition of Ids title, should be" reqO'iredto pay his fair rate and amount of taxation. If net paid,: the County in which it is situate, should be authorized by law to bid it in for the taxes provided ho other or higher bidder appears. Then if Hie title shall be aubse miontly found to lie in the Oovernment.uo one will be the loser, but if found to have Jieeii In the claimant, the County can sell it and give u good title to the piuvhaaer, and all the' ment involved In that protection. It Is inevitable that ibto situation must work a wrong In mm. of two wsys^-elther those who canaot or do not seek to eteape their fsir sfiaro of taxation are forced to make up the deflcH thus caused In the public reveaoea, or In a Mpilar, yearly inereaae In the public debt; for neltlier of which Is there a shadow of excuse. With the lyatemixiug of the public expenditures In manner similar, at least, to that I have suggested, together with a correction of the extravagant jury exemptions and salary and fee systems established by the last' Legislative Assembly, and with the equitable assessment of the taxable property Hut how escapes taxation, the resources of .New. Mexico are ample, without any-increase in our exceptionally low tax rates, to meet all reasonable public expenditures snd existing obttgatione. " ~ y aaroBTs or AssKssuKMis. 1 . Rerious annoyance has been occasioned theTerritorislBoardof Kqnalixation, and . both, annoyance and expense to several of the counties, by the failure of the County Board to report comity assessments at the time prescribed by law. There should be %|ienalty prescribed for the failure of the local assessors to report promptly their assessments to the County Boards, sa the lew requires, and slso a PWilty for the failure of the County Maria-'to report td the Board Of Kquall-sation, prompth/it the time fixed In the law. ITCinptiitiaV in these respet-ts is of far greater moment than would appear st a casual.mention Of the fact, as the failure of even one of tho' named county otftelals is liable to throw the entire machinery of taxation into confusion, snd result In unequal taxation, in delays and default in .collection, and in consequent delays and a degree of confusion in the payment of public obligations and in the general financial machinery, Furthermore, the action of the Territorial Board of Kqualiv zstkm, fixing a uniform rate of taxation for any special class of property, should be placed beyond question, snd competent of enforcement by summary legal process. WATKB STOB\* fa�td wintry eon-" celled, water laws, to the end that Hie supply may be judiciously husbanded, and, made attainable in just proportion to cultivation, to all the tillable lands of the Territory. An abundance of water now annually goes to waste that might be thus utilised at the season when it is most needed. No person or corporation should lie permitted to exhaust or even diminish the natural or normal flow of a stream of water without making proper provision for storage of the surplus wster for the supply of all parties who may otherwise be deprived of their fsir and needed pro|�rtio|i by such exhaustion or diminution. taxes collected. i have the benefit of the Just and equal-taxation liuiilly, in J une and J lecemoer, wiw lelwtf* fo| June njijment, mid a mie,mt\(> l^'islty �*� deferioiii�> wenw, thus kosplilg fho Hcasury sqpplled, nt all of property is a fundamental principle and, condition of popular government, without which such government cannot be cossfully maintained. The principle and practice of laud monopoly has obtained here, through tbeac-cmnulation of great landed estates in the shape of Mpanish and Mexican Orsnts, real' and ttetKious, aud Uirough the absorption of the public lands in vast cattle ranchesr-rinucb of this area, in both eases, obtained by questionable practices, as clearly slwwn hy pmcjal puwrc records -to such an extent as to seriously obstruct the settlement and development of the territory-and that condition is aggravated, and the embarrassment to that settlement and development intensified, by the devices too of ten resorted to by holders and claimants, to escape their fair sharo of taxation. ncere^nJr�| of tlieot for tlw support of the govern* ment tliat thus protects tbsra afUnst tlMnMB^alMl teMMM for many gen . these noli As a rule they occupy and cultivate tj lande in common-residing inplaxa*S J cultivating the outlying lsnds. Tli so resided and cultivated thsae laj some instances for mar ' The' grants upon which ______ are located have, many df thu'm, by some occult legerdemain of I fer, Into the hands of private owners," these people are liable to great e mbai ment if not eviction from nomes that tain the graves of generations of anefp tors. Some law Should be paassd for thf protection-that will provide for the* nit ion, by metes aud bounds', Of thelrV ings.and fix a limit to litigstion.and " put them beyond the possibility of Hon by those who through any proceei �' legal juggling have converted their conjf' munlty nghts into private and rights of a later purchaser and c IIOMESTEAn KXNIIPTIOX. On this subject I can not express-myself more satisfactorily than ta quote trips my message to the .last I,egislntlve i^a>. sembly: �. . '' "Thn oicmiitiiin #1 � hoiu��i�Ml from t*t*pt ale Iim Iwcinne �u i-ntshllthxT fraiat* of An�rle�ii hmUI and douomloonwnUaima.aait a- Sxod urlncliil* at An�rlc�n lUrUsmaMbe. Tbl� nrdfu�nm Is la uonmiuuiwv w|n� ths 4)11-uuuitnlus. cbrlstlsuulns temleoelw ul Suaua, proxrem snd the d�valo|imi>ut ot thf bsttf r tw ut human nature, which luculraMi;ik� datcef tint Htmug tn  �ro for the wvafc and SSfcrtliostc, The.Ionic of tht; orulnanra U, am thataarsisji, If* " hall l*i relieved al the comui�B(. the burdens ol sweriiiafnt.-mtn.. psratlvHly dvfeoeiikiM uit helatMi....... fhtWreii are proper nbkcoi.of Htete, wotei wbesevrr the head oCthe-fviulllr.iosy tel maoaei il�kn���, uilalortnae or btherwfl amrd that tirotectiou. ... "Theo.asalD, the owiwnblp In fceer a ban lUCUfWUHl IDff WWIKIMII|I IU IWH I HIM|.jI|- ... inHMWAI,- RVI MifSop^^^ -��^,-li*fenrt<; with mineral '%eattli of every known variety, us we now Ibst can be no tboroushly linuiliwlliino nthor wav. -" ' "Th�r� ia no loyally like that of thv usu who owns lu fee the niol that shclten hU wife and children. Such a man has a money Interim la Ihfl (luvernuitfut, ami liecouit'ii ioeHartlvelr a rouaerrator of lb� imbllc iicare and public order.! The convene ol iho propoaltlou U oaually true,' tbat there la llitlelndiiceinent to loyalalleslauce to a Ooreniuieiit that fall* to curbunun) aod facilitate the acquirement and protection of aa Independent homeiitead to eaob ot Its olttipna. -"That freedom from dlatralut I� Incouiplete ao. lour an the liomeatead la aubject to alltnatloa by the Statn lor nou-payinent ot taaen. I would put It lierond the power of the State, even, to eriet iho family Imui a lioaieatead, ouce ae-cured, for say catue., throwa around a family, cannot fail to Umpire Iu lbs mluili of thoie bum and. reared nailer audi a beueSeent prorlalou, a degree of patriotic, loyal devotion to the liovetnmeut auarautaeinx it, at to (oreyar aasure neraianeace and safety (roai all inroads 61 ulnlllaai and anarcblam-an a� aurauoo which every lean owuius-or aaaaaaiuS Invested capital, of all othera, should aesfc.'ta eitabllib. ; ;�, � "It will alan conatltiite  moat effee(lve, adver. tlaemeut to the world of the advanced poallloa of New Mexico lu the humauitiea of political admlnlatratioii.audaninduceueutto poor aaeui ambitious to better seek botae* with ub, audi aa few acta of leKlilatlnn can rive, While It may apparently temporarily clrcum-arrlbe theaourceaof taxation, tlinulttraateetVet will be to vaatly inereaae them, by ludeSuitclv " -  UQy of asricaf- of public wealth aud prosperity, atimulatftiK develonmcut, capec, _,__ tural jrodutt, which, alter all, la the xreat aoarce In parauancc of the foregoing auggealioaa, I leeounueud the exemption from every tpecfea of taxation whatever. Territorial, county and municipal,' aud from aeianro and forced aale under any ptoueiui or order uf any court, a home-atesd eonalatlnx of laud to the extent- of not more then five tbouaand aqaare feet, toxether with the bulldinsa and Improvements thereon, occupied aud used aa the realdeuce of the fataUy of the owner, within the limits of any city, towu or vllhwe, of the value of not mora than one tbouaand dollar*; and also a noueateaS eoualatlns of landa toitbe extent of not loore than ' " .......... aud for__________________________________________, the family of the owner, without the limits of any city, town or village,- of the value of not more than two tboaaaud dollars; all amounts exceeding the allpalaled exemption, bom area and .value, lu each ease, to be taxable as-other property. The necessary Implements, to a Sxea amount, for the carrying on of the vote- an forty aerea. together with the buildings id imurovementa thereon, occupied and vans r agricultural purposes and aa the residence of tlou of the owuer, aud the necessary provisions ' 'ie auuaiateuru of the owner ana his lamllr. ____given time, and the necessary housebote uteualla, lu each case, to be alaoeejuallyexemrS. �The purpose of doubling the exeuptlou of ~" perty as compared with cttyi------ will be obvious at a glauee-Ho farm prop not .alone because _____ _.. stimulate agrfeullural .development i create a substantial auc? -"~'- the industries of IS* ' age people to engage lu aarlcuIMra! pursuita, - �- '-----salt would '-�* -----"-� - I^dev New Mexico. But these can have no attraction to home seeking people till they know of them, and they can or will not know of them without an effort on our rto Impart to them that information accomplish that, costs effort and money. It is true there hi a standing appropriation of $2,000 a year for that pur pose, but when that is diminished by one-third by reason'of depreciation of treasury warrants, practically-the minimum of effect is secured. Other Western States and Territorlea have secured fe vast tide of immigration and capital by liberal expenditures. We can and ought to do the same. .taHICltLTl'Bil. COI.I.KOK. By an act of Congress of March'J, 1887, it is provided that any State or Territory having an established Agricultural College, shall be entitled to the expenditure of the sum of fir>,000, but of the Unito.1 States Treasury, for the establishment of a U. H. Agricultural Kxperimental station in connection with such College. In view Of .this provision, and of the very great-importance to New Mexico, not only with reference to its immediate agricultural interests, but to its stock^sserestsas well. It is of very considerable moment that jlhe . Legblalive'^aSSeniblV provide for the eaUblisliiiuintof �� ..igTu'ultiirul College at some suitable and convenient' point in Pie Territory. onoMSMcai. svnvaiVi',..... I claim New Mexico to be, a systematic, ^scientific exploration itu)y tie iuude've'ry 'valuable, and a - reasonable' aiiionnt expended-in an ex|m>rimental survey can scarcely (all to develop geologic conditions which wilt'be guides iti future private enterprises that would- give certainty of ilevtlopment, where, without such guides, would lie uncertsinly and possibly disas-ttows fsihtre. ::,,r" PL'SMHHIN* TUK LAWS.' Many cases of hardship occur from time to time* to individuals of Hie couiiuiinity, from Igruiraiiee of. the provisions of exist-' a. laws. To avoid this, I relonimend . adoption of the custom prc>'ailing in ntany of the states, of Hie publication of nil laws enacted at every session of the i�glilature, iinmediately upon their final' passage, in' every regularly published �weekly newsps|ier in the Territory, such publication to be paiil for st stipulsted nnlforui rates upon a cerlillcute of publication by the Secretary of the Territory. ' .Kyery citbten. has a right to know the precise nature and requirements of the laws enacted for his government, and it is equally the duty of the governing (tower to afford him every reasonable 'lacility for obtaining that information by the general publication of all its acts, such jilts to take effect only upon such publication. MINING APPLICATION NO. 45 I}. 8, Un.l OMer, Hants Fe, N. M., I let. aa, ISM tpflee address [s eat' for �.�o�-(M linear feet on llie* Victor . - . i.poei House Slock, Cleveland, Ohio, ha* made a] for a 5. Icatlon it Notice is hereby given that the Pecos Hirer/ llin-tag Company whose poatomce address is Mi " i Slor"- "" - patei . . .. Hugo lode bearing geld, silver anil copper situate in .oopar Mining uutrlri, eanta Ke, (formerly in tun Miguel Couaty, New afexli-o, and deacrlbad In the ifldsl Diet antl field note* on Ale In this office, aa follows, vis: ..... flerlniiing at corner No. I a quartsite lioulder 16x 3x9 Inches chiseled i-oat, whence N. w. corner of tog house bean S 4.1 feet and % section corner between sections sa snd a? T. 18 N. muse la E, bears N, jJ� 14' K. 11S8 feet Thence south ^4� IK, �J� 14' K. 11S8 feet 41' east, variation Ia� lo, K. 047-80 feet to corner I, a quartxuone:ls�Si9 Inched,chiseled KOI.psna--log willow Creek atlal feet from cirnerNo. I, snd psssing lor house on the line st 37 j feet from corner No. I. rronl corner No. 2, whence a Idsseil pine tree ao In. In dlainctn, hears S: lo� 30' K. Ss i-Io feet and marked B IV 0-891, thence norlh 11� a>> Esst, varisllou 12" 42' K lU-So feet to corner N'>" 3, a biased pine tree 9 In. diameter marked 3-61)1. � hence- north 14" east, variation li� IS' K. fii at feet to corner No. 4, a uusrts stone IbUa; laches, olilaeled 4-�oI setin mound of stones. Thence north 74" 4S1 west rsrlullon h� 4a' K. 49�-�8 feet to comer No. j, a lone^n'|4aeeaoiaUsI8in chiMlnl on top, a-ojt paaainx rock mouihI nt discovery imint at 34B'4o feet Krom comer No. 5, which fa 4 f.�-t east pf bank ot 1'ecnn river ttieiu-t. south 14" liV weat variation la" So' K- ?.l;-6o feel to corner No. s, from which a witness corner qimrta Ktonc lilslaxa In. ehiasleil w. e.(e<o|bears H 11� lh' w. la I feet, f hanre from curicr No.'S. south 14� SI' w. variation la" 81* K 739.90 fo�t i'o corSTer No. I. iltepl'iceof hertnniliK. 'ALKKli. lieal.ler' C. M. Von-e, Utrveland IMilo, .ilVr. fur (.'Tainn'l. I.udlclia' l^hbinHon. j John'II. Th'-miWUh.' S luthe DintrietOllrt("'ooiily of KsulA Fe. _"_ " ^. John II. Thhfnson iii lierebyiM* lined that a suit in ei|iiity !i:is U*eti * commenced against him iaallie lliilrlct t'our of 4lie County ol Santa. I'e, Territory of New Mexico, by �ai.| complainant . Liliiletiii. I.. Tlmiiisnn. romplainallt prays lliat she 'Vmay tie dlverced frein lhe marriage uow-eaiditig Itetween her anil defendant on the groued otnon support, and resional ito tier ritfhls as a siagle woman; tlist all her property uu.y be declared free and discharged from all 111 irilsl riuiila of dafciMsaut; and thai she may lie allowed aliuiouy and counsel fees herein agalnit njtd dsfehllnl; auil'fur.; general relief: that uatess he enter hl-i appearance in said snitou or before the lirst day of the next February term of said t'ourt f-omtii-uclnf,o-t:ir.e4ih day el February 1SS0. decree ran cjafit-ii. 1ihereln will-be rendered against liim.. . X. �. r'OltKK, Clerk. Cat�on, Knssesi. Ik i.'i.sncv, Santa Fe, N. M. ' Solicitors forComplainanl, Santa Fe N.H. nee,, aut. 18I8. :J' THE CHICAGO TIMES. A Leader Atnotig tin.. Leading Kewapaiwra of the Ctntineal. . Under its present management Tae Chicago Time* liaa become one of the few Ss oat of Ainerlean tiewapaiwni. It is 'the sbleat, lbs handaomeat, and the most rellsbts mwapaatr published in the Weat. Dnringtlie Mldealiel Csmpsfgn it will nuke apseial rfurta lo " keep its i�adars iu-tofpjed eg to IImi progreaa of- llss struggle,' jssrug nekhsr tlaae, labor, ataeliiiiery, nor �sassy^ In - the aceompllshateiit o( great 1 i^mi^ 1 atoll at whea a'large proportion ol; lfa saeaaeeti I art eagaged ;la agriculture "on ite own leads. Crank* and isms do not thrive la the presence of a aoMtlatlon ol rural freeholders. "In tniawonactlon, aud as couutt &UL A..,. ,_,)'<- , . .' :,�"^ ri-BLlC1 SCHOOI. SYSTKM. There is great need of reform iuthepub-lic school system of the territory. Among the most important of these needs is the creation of the office of Territorial Superintendent of Instruction. tQur present system is iu heed of a head; from which the entire system, throughout the Territory, aliall take direction and hianagement,' to insure coherency and effectiveness. Every school district is fairly entitled to the expenditure of all the money provided by special taxation in that district, for educational purposes therein. The school district should be authorised, upon a vote of the qualified electors of the district, to issue bonds for the construction of school houses therein, snd every person of lawful age, male and female, should be made eligible to vote on all questions in relation to the establishment and management of the schools. This proposition I consider one of paramount importance to the successful und^ffectlve aaminiatraitioiiof any public school aystem. The education of the children of the community can not be intrusted to safer hands than their mother*, for it is they who have most at stake in the proper moral and scholastic education .of their children, and In the preservation of that degree of public order which only such education can best promote sud con-e�rve. ' vnt: Ji'uv SrMTatsi. The. jury Isw.enacted by the lent togis-(stive Assembly, though an improvement in some respects-upon the system that preceded it, has in its operation developed defect* not then foreseen. Conspicuous aiuuaks these is its etcensive exemption tpwpfftoy* That duty is among the ttisaavsacred and Important of the obligations imposed by the 'law upon dtlsen-�fain, and one which should be most rigorously enforced. Practically, the property, liberty and life, ot every dtlsen, are in a measure at stake in the jury room, and the exetnptions of the exisrlng law are so brosd.Uiatin aUrvnanse, those moat comjietent to aafely .en-n^^ d.j IwTnii} been easional' iuror pinel, but thai la all it has ac-luad, while other evils, quite as bad, Mvetfevekmed in its operation. One of these is Uiees^rrUons referred to, and another Is, as a direct result of that wideranfls of exen^iitkmav the Imposition of hsTswy egj^sss to:the nsrsssity for, spedal fmm&frfiUi a^pMnst these e�> ssvptforsiisitte c^nbHidh of the jary UatTn^ra�i�i>#^ whetterlhe political or psrtisan feature liKor^oratod ^^WWOlsWofl/ coMiiltrsV. ..tefatviet of:  |sMi)s�n, any more ahanof: > wllglons cliarat^, should in Mrftratvassa^^ or.tecog- nmon In the Jury room. ' ooataiDifity nouxKos. I tlesire to call the attention of the UtOaastivn Aa)twnbi> to a larg^ wumftt liiflljisnkili aiilMansniiTsiiil ' aMansaWf ,gJ�^1^gsMaa^^A^^ sfaf \; AJaaaafJTa.':- couuurparl to the mug, 1 bjbv leeosnsaesiqi she efiactment of ..... lawa for the collect leu ol debts.' There la great eomplauit sauMig the menhaats and business men ot the Territory, of the laxity ol our lawa lu thla respect. The man who refuare to pay a lust debt, having toe means to do so, over aud above legal exempt ton of which the creditor hat had due notice by the public eu act meet of suehezetnptloD) ahould be lorccd byauurauwy methods to pay." PL'BUC BSNEVOLEMT ASVLVatS. . There is great need of an Aaylum for. the Insane of the Territory. It is believed that that there sre as many insane people In the Territory ss there sre. convicts in the penitentiary, and by reason of their numbers and condition they are liable te become, in fact have already become, a source of annoyance and danger; In the interest of humsnitv, too, they Should be collected into a safe retreat provided by the Territory, where they will receive humsne treatment, the community be freed from the danger resulting from their roaming at large, and their relatives relieved of the lairdeu of their care.snd maintenance, which few of them are able to bear. I trust that ho elaboiite iresentation of this matter to the Lagts-alive Assembly, is necessary--that all tliat will be required to secure effective action will lie mention of the fact .that the Territory has now no such institution, and that there are comparatively large numbers of insane people'in 'our midst requiring and. entitled to the care of the' community. . . It will Hot be necessary to incur the expense of erecting a building especially for this purpose, ss the bill now pending In Congress for our admission to Statehood, which is quite certain to become a. law without any great delay, makes an, appropriation of public lands therefor,' and which, if properly administered, will be ample for the erection of a building which will meet all demands for many yearato come.. What is here said of the need of and of the means for establishing an Insane Asylum, applies with equal force tn a school and asylum for the 4saf, dumb and bliud nnfortunatss of the Territory. mYHaaiTOsii.M. mink rastsoioa. J recommend the creation of the efllee of Territorial Mine Inspector. The mining industries of the Territory hare developed rapidly durJngthe past few years, and their prospective development in the, future, with the extension of railroads, has given tljst industry, especially cosl mining, an Importance tliHtweiT�ntepnb� vwuisprniiii �svr tmmvMj. ..vmmm** are able to eswajpe' Hm p,t |m ejlmjniitifin nT the pro Boin tEe panel, but tlisTls To Subscriber*. Daily sad Sunday Times, one year $HM Dslly rinsaa, ooa year r}.00 Sunday Tinue, one year 2.00 Saturday Times, one year 1.60 Wsskly TiDM,oiwyesr. 1.00 . Pteaae ssad Pottal Order, Kegistered Isstter, or Poatsl Note. Terma luvariably cash in advanee. THE TIMES. Chicago. III. Fischer Hrewlng Co's keg! beer always fresh at Stinson's. ------- For Rent. The s|iaci�iisstiire roniiia on lower 8:111 Francisco Htrect now occupied by Abe Gold's general niercliaiiiliiie stoic rent 011 renMiuulilc terniH. I'osaeiieiiiii given January firnl. l'or iiarliciilai-K u|>|ily to l'>li|>e Delgailci. next door. Old Oscar Pepper at Stinson's. � ------------- Freeh l-'isli Dinners from 11.111. lo 6 p. 01., at the lion-Ton Kiwi I Ohler Counter. Wine with each order. Price fifty cents. , .. -T-4e>e------.......... For Sale. A good dairy outfit.. Add reus Box 162, Santa Fe, New Mexico. . Fon( Bai.f..-flood bottom land, 'mutable for gardening ptiriioeea. Will aril, in one o five acre lots, at a harggi'n. Location good and title perfect; Addreex Hoi 162, ""'Why don't you g^(^lnionva w'heh yotV want something good. t f THE HERALD santa fe, n. h. T. KCXJZ3SOXQ*, Manufacturer of MeadOsan - Fili.zroe - Jewelry watch REPAl4lNG a specialty, ,. tfeminy Machine Repairing and all kind* of dewiny Machine Supplies, A)ine line'of' ,/jpectaele* and' E{ie*f?ht*iu>.*. 'Photographic View* of Santa JFvumI Vicinity. SOUTH-SIDE OFPLAZA. santa fk. n'. m FultoN MarkeT WKST SIDE OP PLAZA. : MAILAND Commission Merchants and Dealers in 99"Poultry, Oyitere, Fi*h, Game, Butter, Eggi'and all kind* offruiU and Vegetable*.^GUtT"Alto all kind* of Produce Anight and sold on it- Gold and Silver Filigrtt JeiHarr made by Mexican W�rksa|c�. : Diamonds, Watches' and SHr^Wa**!' at prices which MjcMiftMyot.' -O-- 5"  Lakcest Stock in rsig .Tin�|lTO��. Mative Turquoise, Navajo Garnets and Mexican Opals in Great -Variety; ^ FINE WATCH REPAIRINI k SPEetALTY. SPIEOBI.BKRK BLOCK ON the PLAZA. SANTA FE.�.|I _,_^�,a�s1ssssassiaarv-"- S SPITZ, MAN l)rACTUatn W mexican FILIGREHtWI IHamvnd Hutting ami All work Promptly and Neatly. SANTA FE, : . : HVH*�W&+v JOHN gray OLIVBEJU Gray & Ellis, LOANS AM INSURANCE. Rents and Accounts collected bon ton restauraht. LIVERY, FEED AND SALE STABLE. horses, wagons & buggies bought and sold DEALER IN of r  slaeksnuw-of' Sa^reapeot. It ia belter to prevent these, casualties by timely action, than to wait ttn action is forced upon us by the terrible ennerienoe of � mine dlsaswr resulting frojn^fontlnued negligence. IHIUOKArillh. I again call the attention of the Legist lative Assembly to tlte necesaHjr '9l.::fitr siding the Bureau of luiinst^iaiDU with �sjspits snsiMS.wlth srbteU to advgtttaa. to mia^aling iu*A'b/*iMwiUMWftyof^',o*i: j �ANOOVAX, �T**ET. mm rlJsS hay, oats, corn and bran, if* to BAP filSOK BD&GIB ilD HIBIC, SANTA PE, N. M I. B. UITWHIIIT I COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Take your Meals at the Bon Tow. ^' FIJI ST OLA SS MEALS S3 ct*. | LODOHNFi GOOD attention GIVEN TO GVESTS DAY JiOAltp SS.00. I HOARD AND LODGING FINE BAR ATTAG�ipi = JACK CONWAY : ; : PropritB ThoroughbreD Poultr' and poultry supplies. Lifitit Bratiinas. Houdans, Iti A Few Choice I'ens of Selected Birds, Spring HateJHNF 'Granulated Jtone, IS cent* per lb.; Ground Oytkr ,**%***% S peril).; quantitie* exdeeding 80lb*, at '  '� ./ t.'  Address ARTHUR BOYLS. 8*wuK*.M JULIUS h gerdes, SZatternasXid lafezi'a The Largest aud Best Selected Stock of Men's and Hats and Furnishing Goods ever shown in for Mills & AverUrs Clothing sad WllanViv Brothera* Shirts to T~ SAN FRANCISCO STRBRT. QUIET HlSOHT JPQR QBNTfll CHOICE IMPOSED WINES It liquobvl-lan House, Bouquetf<r^lB^enie alt la, Crsjg*|p^pei sWHoirman .hand. t �91 '11 Stoves, Tinware; Pi inware, rLUMBING KOUM -J-- ~fT"" iiTMr**'*'! SANTA fe,., for First-d ^ i \ i ?984

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