Daily Herald Santa Fe New Mexico, September 11, 1888

Daily Herald Santa Fe New Mexico

September 11, 1888

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Issue date: Tuesday, September 11, 1888

Pages available: 4

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Publication name: Daily Herald Santa Fe New Mexico

Location: Santa Fe, New Mexico

Pages available: 252

Years available: 1888 - 1888

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All text in the Daily Herald Santa Fe New Mexico September 11, 1888, Page 1.

Daily Herald (Newspaper) - September 11, 1888, Santa Fe, New Mexico THE DAILY HERALD. YOL I. SANTA FE, NEW MEXICO, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1888. NO. 42. THAT LETTER. The President Gives Formal Notification of His Acceptance of the Nomination. A Document Full of Patriotism, Sound Buttons Sense and Good 'if Advice. cit- our To Hon. Patrick A. Collins and others, COMMITTKK: * In addressing to you my formal acceptance of the nomination to the Presidency of the United States my thoughts persistently dwell upon the impressive relation of such action to the American people whose confidence is thus invited, and to the political party to which I belong, just entering upon a contest for continued supremacy. American citizens select their chief magistrate and call one of their own .number to the highest earthly honor and full measure of public duty in submission to their will. It follows that the candidate for this high office can never forget that .when the turmoil and strife which attended the selection of its incumbent shall be heard no more, there must be in the great calm which follows a complete election-a complete and solemn self-consecration by the people's chosen President of every faculty and endeavor to the service of a confiding and generous nation of freemen. These thoughts are intensified by the light of my own experience in the Presidential office which has soberly impressed me with the severe responsibilities which it imposes, while it has quickened my love for American institutions, and taught me the priceless value of the trust of my country. It is of the highest importance that those who administer our government should jealously protect and maintain the riejhts of American izens AT home and ABROAD, and should strive to achieve for - country her proper place among the nations of the earth. But there is no other people whose home interests are so great, and whose numerous objects of domest-- ic concern deserve so much watchfulness and care. Among these are the regulation of a sound financial system suited to our needs, thus securing an efficient agency of national wealth and general prosperity; also the constitution and equipment of the means of defense to insure our national safety and maintain the honor beneath which such national safety reposes, the protection of our national domain (still stretching beyond the needs of a century's expansion) and its preservation for the settler and pioneer of our marvelous growth; and a sensible and sincere recognition of the value of American labor, leading to scrupulous care and a just appreciation of the INTETESTS OF our WOUKINGMEN. This will lead to the limitation and of checking such monopolistic tend-encies and schemes as interfere with the advantages and benefits which the people may rightfully claim. A generous regard and care for our surviving soldiers and sailors and for the widows and orphans of such as have died, to the end that while appreciation of their services and sacrifices are quickened, the application ot  their pension funds to improper cases may be prevented, must be borne in mind. Protection against servile immigration, a class which competes with our laboring men in the field of \ toil and adds to our population an element ignorant of our institutions and laws, impossible of assimilation with our people, and dangerous to our peace and welfare, is a matter of necessity. We muse have a strict and steadfast adherence to the princi-plei of civil service reform, and a thorough execution of the laws passed for its furtherance. Our citizens and people are soberly considering the necessity of relief. Our government is the creation of the people, established to carry out their designs and accomplish their good. It was founded on justice and was made for a free intelligent and virtuous people. It is only useful when within their control and only serves them well when regulated and guided by their cons- tant touch. It is a free government because it guarantees to every American citizen the unrestricted personal use and enjoyment of all the reward of his toil, and of all his income except what may be his fair contribution to the necessary public expense. tariff and SUKl'LUS. Therefore it is not only the right but the duty of a free people in the enforcement of this guarantee to insist that 'inch expense should be strictly limited to the actual public needs. It seems perfectly clear that when the government, this instrumentality created and maintained by the people, to do their bidding, turns upon them, and through an utter pervertion of its powers, extorts from their labor and capital a tribute largely in excess of the public necessities, the creature has rebelled against the creator, and the masters are robbed by their servants. The cost of the government must continue to be met by tariff duties collected at our custom houses upon imported goods and by internal revenue taxes assessed upon spirituous and malt liquors, tobacco and oleom-argerine. I suppose it is needless to explain that all these duties and assessments are added to the price of the articles upon which they are levied, and thus become a tax upon all those who buy these articles for use and consumption. I suppose, too, it is well understood that the effect of this tariff taxation is not limited to the consumers of imported articles, but that duties imposed upon such articles permit a corresponding increase in the price to be laid upon domestic productions of the same kind, which increase is paid by all our people as consumers of home productions, and entering every American home constitutes a form of taxation as certain and as inevitable as though the amount was annually paid into the hand of the tax gatherer. These re-salts are inseparable from the plans we have adopted for the collection of our revenue by tariff duties. They are not mentioned to the discredit of the system, but by way of preface to the statement that every million of dollars collected at our custom houses for dnties upon imported articles and paid into the public treasury, represents many millions more, which, though never reaching the national treasury, are paid by our citizens as the increased cost of domestic productions, resulting from our tariff laws. In these circumstances and in view of this necessary effect of the operation of our plan for raising revenue, the absolute duty of limiting the rate of tariff charges to the necessities of a frugal and economical administration of the government, seems to be perfectly plain. The continuance upon the pretext of meeting the public expenditures of a scale of tariff taxation which draws from the substance of .the people a sum largely in excess of the public needs, is surely something which, under a government based upon justice, and which finds its strength and usefulness in the faith and trust of the people, ought not to be tolerated. While the heaviest burdens incident to the necessities of the government are uncomplainingly borne, the lighter burdens become grievous and intolerable when not justified by such necessities. Unnecessary taxation is unjust taxation, and yet this is our condition. We are annually collecting at our own custom houses, and by means of our internal revenue taxation, many millions in excess of all legitimate needs. As a consequence there now remains in the national treasury, a surplus of more than 130,000,000. No better evidence could be furnished than this that the people are exorbitantly taxed. The extent of the superfluous burden indicated by this surplus will be better appreciated when it is suggested that such surplus alone represents a taxation aggregating more than #108,000 in every county containing 50,000 inhabitants. Taxation has always been the feature of organized government hardest to reconcile with the people's idea of freedom and hapiness. When presented in direct form, nothing will .i rouse popular discontent more quickly and profoundly than unjust and unnecessary taxation. Our farmers, mechanics, laborers and all our citizens closely scan the slightest increase in the taxes assessed upon their lands' and other property and demand good reason for such increase, and yet they seem to be expected in some quarters to regard the unnessary volume of insidious and indirect taxation visited upon them by our present rate of tariff duties with indifference, if not with favor. The surplus revenue now remaining in the treasury not only furnishes conclusive proof of unjust taxation, but its existence constitutes a seperate and independent menace to the prosperity of the people. This vast accumulation of idle funds represents that much money drawn from the circulating medium ot the country, which is needed, in channels of trade and business. It is a great mistake to suppose that the consequences which follow a continual withdrawal and hoarding by the government of the currency of the people are not of immediate importance to the mass of our citizens, and'only concern those engaged in large financial transactions. In the enterprises and activity which free and ready money among the people produce, is found that opportunity for labor and employment, and that impetus to business and production, which bring in their train prosperity to our citizens in every section and vocation. New ventures, new investments in business arid manufacture, the construction of new and important works and the enlargement of enterprises already established, depend largely upon obtaining money upon easy terms, with fair security, and all these things are stimulated by an abundant volume of circulating medium. Even the harvested grain of the farmer REMAINS WITHOUT A MARKET unless the money is forthcoming for its movement to the seaboard. The first result of a scarcity of money among the people is the exaction of severe terms for its use. Increasing distrust and timidity is followed by refusal to loan or advance money on any terms. Investors refuse all risks and decline all securities and in the general fright the money still in the hands of the people is persistently hoarded. It is quite apparent that when this perfectly natural if not inevitable state is reached, depression in all business and enterprises will, as a'necessary consequence, lessen the opportunity for work and employment, and reduce salaries and the wages of laborers. Instead then of being exempt from the influence and effect of the immense surplus lying idle in the national treasury, our wage-earners and others who rely upon their labor for support are most ot all directly concerned in the situation. Others seeing the approach of the danger may provide agaiflst it, but it will find those depending upon their daily toil for bread unprepared HELPLESS AND DEFENSELESS. * Such state of affairs does not present a case of idleness resulting from disputes between the laboring man and his employer, but it produces an absolute and enforced stoppage of employment and wages. In reviewing the bad effects of this accumulated surplus and the scale of tariff rates by whieh it is produced we must not overlook the tendency towards gross and scandalous public extravagance which a congested treasury induces, nor the fact that we are maintaining, without excuse in a time of profound peace, substantially the rate of tariff duties imposed in time of war, when the necessities of the government justified the imposition of the weightiest burdens upon the people. Divers plans have been suggested for the return of the accumulated surplus to the people and the channels of trade. Some of these designs are at times at variance with all the rules of good finance, some are delusive, some absurd and some betray, by their reckless extravagance, the demoralizing influence upon the judgments of individuals. VVhile such efforts should be made as consistent with a public duty and sanctioned by sound judgment to avoid the danger by a useless disposition of the surplus now remaining in the treasury, it is evident that if its distribution were accomplished, another accumulation would soon take its place if the constant flow of redundant income was not CHECKED AT ITS SOURCE. by reform in our present tariff laws. We do not propose to deal with these conditions by merely attempting to satisfy the people of the truth of abstract theories, nor by urging their assent to political doctrine. We present to them the proposition that they are unjustly treated in the extent of the present federal taxation, that as the result a condition of ex-(Continued on the 2d page.) Stinson alwHyn keeps the lineHt cigars in town. t f . -- -.----------. Why don.t you go to Stiiwons when you want something good. t f Jaeger Underwear.-A complete as-Borlinent'of Jeager underwear just arrived. Please call and examine. Seligman Bro's. Sole aeents for Santa Pe. N. M. For the freshest fruits and vegetables in an; quantity go to E; Andrews, south side of plaza. Fine pears for cutting or canning in any quantity. UNIVERSITY OF HEW MEXICO- CONDUCTED BY THE New West Education Commission. PRIMARY, ACADEMIC, COLLEGIATE and li USINEM DEPARTMENTS UNDER SPECIALISTS. Receives students of both sexes. Non-sectarian, Non-political. Excellent accomodations for board or zooms provided at reasonable rates. Tuition remains the same, viz, S3.00 per month. Systematic drill in Military exercises in charge of Capt Gregory Barrett, U. S. A. Term opens Sept. 3. Special classes will be formed later in French, German, Spanish, Stenography, Book-keeping, Commercial Law and Type-writing. Your patronage respectfully solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed. For particulars apply to E. LYMAN HOOD. LUIS E. ALARID. Real Estate and GolIeGtion AgenGg. Translating and Copying A SPECIALTY. Contractor for Fire Wood in any quantity. Fence Posts and Poles for building purposes. P O. 3ox.No. Q2, Santa Fc. J*. M. Hj3D MILLER,, FRUITS & VEGETABLES, at Wholesale and Retail, Bridge St., South-side of Bridge. All fruits und vegetables nold at my store are raised on my ranch at Tesuque. Santa Fe, New Mexico FOR GOOD CLOTHING. FOK MEN, BOYS AND CHILDREN, AND Gent's Furnishings GO TO J. H. GERDES, The Clothier, Hatter, and Gent's Furnisher. San Francisco Street, Santa Fe, N. M. Chas. Wagner. Has in Stock the Finest Assortment of Parlor, Bedroom and Kitchen FURNITURE Queensware . and Glassware, "Bty and toll everything from * child's chair to 11 lOHimont. Can fit you out in anything from JCiUiien to Parlor. Auction and commission house . on Han Francisco St. Call and see us, No trouble 11 4o*new goods. \\ AJl foods sold on easy payments. THE :�: Life :�: I OF NEW YORK. Holds the foremost place amomj the Life Insurance Institutions of the � World, and offers superior advantages in all the features of business, to-getlier with unequalled financial security. AGENCY AT SANTA FE, N, M OVER SECOND NATIONAL HANK THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK -OF- SANTA FE. WM W. GRIFFIN, PEDRO PEREA, President. R, J. PALEN, Vice-President. Cashier. THE SECOND NATIONAL BANK OF NEW MEXICO. CAPITAL PAID UP - - - - $150,000. Does a general banking business and solicits patronage of the public. L. SPIEGELBERG, President. W. G. SIMMONS, Cashier St. Michael's College SANTA FE, NEW MEXICO. This Institution, under the direction of the. Brothers of the Christian Schools, 'was established in 1859, and incorporated in 1888, with full collegiate privileges. Tlie Curriculum embraces the usual Primary and Commercial brawMs. Lessons in French, Spanish, German, Phonography and Type- Writing are given without extra charge. Chemistry, Assaying, Telegraphy and instrumental Music (brass instruments excepted} are charged extra. TERMS-Board, Tuition, Washing and Bedding, per month, $22.50. Use of Typewriter, $1.50. For further information apply to BROTHER BOTULPH, President THE SANTA FE BAKERY. Bread, Pies and Cakes, GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS. F, SCHNEPPLE, Proprietor, San Francisco St. - - Santa Fe, N. M. CITY MEAT MARKET ESTABLISHED IN 1859. AUGUST KIRCHNER, Proprietor, Dealer in all kinds of fresh and salt meats. 8AU8ACE8 OF ALL 8ORT8. SAN FRANCISCO ST.............................SANTA FE, N.ftl 554 ;