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Las Cruces Sun-News (Newspaper) - December 2, 1941, Las Cruces, New Mexico OUR HOME TOWN Las Cruces Is the home of -New Mexico A. and M. College, the heart of the Mesilla valley, trade center for the richest and most thickly populated agricultural area in New Mexico. LasCr In TH6 n-News JIN DfilLY UNO SUNDAY NSWSMPEA SERVING SOUTHERN NEW THE WEATHER Forecast: Increasing; cloudiness in Rio flramie westward tonight, little change in temperature. Maximum temperature; last JM hours, 70; minimum, 32; mean, 51. VOL. 61 NO.-210 LAS CRUCES, NEW MEXICO, TUESDAY AFTERNOON DECEMBER 2, 1941 PRICE THREE CENTS AUSTRALIAN CRUISER SINKS NAZI SEA RAIDER FDR Asks Japs to Explain .________________________..._..... i By WALLACE PERRY With winter getting under way and the period ahead when danger Is greatest from carbon monoxide poisoning, the New Mexico public service commission has issued a set of safety rules concerning- gas furnaces, water heaters and such which it would be profitable lor folks to follow. Here are .the rules: "Almost every gas heating unit is equipped with a name plate xvhich states the rated capacity of the unit in British Thermal Units (B. T. This rated capacity is for sea level and must be re- duced by 5 per cent for each 1000 feet of altitude, or incomplete combustion will result. The reason for this is that as the elevation increases, the amount of oxygen in the air decreases. In New Mexico the elevation of our principal ci- ties varies from 3300 'feet to a little over feet. The higher the elevation the less gas a heat- er is capable of burning efficient- ly. If more gas is supplied to the heater than it can burn, carbon monoxide will be 'formed. In other words, a heater at feet should be adjusted to burn only 60 per- cent of the -gas which it could burn at sea level. "If the rated B. T. U. capacity of the heater exceeds 30 rB.'T. U, f.per cubic foot of room space a suit- able vent is required to remove the products of .combustion. For both bathrooms and bedrooms this should be reduced-to 15 B. T. U. per ciibic foot of room space. "All floor furnaces, furnaces and hot water heaters must be vented. "Oxygen is necessary for the combustion of any It is good practice to leave a window open a half inch in each room where a gas stove is burning. Where fur- naces or floor iurnaces are under the house, an 'opening .should be left in the foundation so that an ample supply of fresh air will be available to supply oxygen to the flame. "Under no conditions should one tamper with the adjustment of the gas burner. Your gas com- pany will gladly send an expert to check the unit and adjust it. "Keep spider webs and jdust ac- cumulation out of the air mixing valve. "Check the physical condition of vent pipes to see that they are still in one piece and that there arc no sags in the horizontal section. "See that the chimney is open tomato cans or buckets over the top. "Ask your gns man if your heat- ers have been reduced in capacity by the proper percentage for your altitude." Explaining the'danger from car- bon monoxide the commission's ex- perts thus tells why rules of safe- ty are necessary: "When any fuel burns, gas, oil, coal or wood, there Is a combina- tion of elements of which the fuel is composed with oxygen and the chemical phenomena known as combustion tdkes place. This burn- ing results in certain products of combustion which, in the case of coal or wood, arc visible in the form of smoke. No one wuld think of Installing a wood or coal stove without providing an outlet for the smoke. "With gas as a fuel, the products of combustion are not visible and neither are they as objectionable to the nose and eyes as arc coal or wood smoke, yet they may he just us deadly. "Under proper conditions when gas burns, the products of com- bustion are principally water va- por nnd carbon dioxide, both of which arc comparatively harmless. However, If the gas stove Is not properly adjusted, or is turned too high, complete combustion will not take plncc. and us a result deadly carbon monoxide Is releas cd. A very small "percentage of carbon monoxide In the air breathed by mftn la mtfflcicnt to cause death." The gas aftfely rules adopted by the public service commlulon net A standard to be followed by plumbum And others in making gas (Continued on page 4) Railroad Strike Peace Speeds Up Labor Law Drive WASHINGTON, Dec. 2 (AP) Settlement of the threatened nation-wide rail- road strike today strengthened the position of house members advocating a moderate form of legislation to curb strikes in defense industry. Legislators believed that elimination of the railroad strike threat would enhance the chances of the labor com- mittee bill giving statutory au- thority to a new national me- diation board, requiring a cool- ing off period. Head Off Walkout The long standing dispute be- tween railroad ia'oor and manage- ment was settled last night, only five days before their general strike was supposed to have been started. The dispute concerned a demand for increased wages and vacations, and was settled on terms which were believed to have added near- ly a third of a billon dollars an- nually to the carriers' pay rolls. The settlement was worked out by President Roosevelt's emerg- ency fact-finding board after two days and nights of continuous negotiations.. Add to Hike Chairman Wayne L. Morse of the mediation agency, declined to make public terms of the settle- ment until they have been submit- ted to President Roosevelt, later today, but other sources indicated the pay increase recommendations totaled about more than those suggested by the board in a previous report. Some sources said the total was more, or a total of nearly increase in annual pay rolls. The railroad brotherhoods had previously turned down reconir mendations for over all wage in- creases of Get Vacations With Pay On the vacations dispute, non- operating union men were believ- ed to have been granted at least six day vacations with pay. That was the original proposal, which was turned down, and it ivas believed that yearly vacations with pay had been agreed on Tor six, nine and 12-day bases, de- pending" on length of service. All union representatives auth- orized to accept the mediation board's proposals did so, Morse said, while those who are required to refer the proposals to their constitutents. had agreed to do so and report back without delay. Sel Hearing Dale On N.M. Mine Strike SILVER CITY. Dec. 2 A hearing on the threatened strike at operations of the Nevada Con- solidated Copper Co. in Hurley and, Santa Rita, has been set for Dec. 15, by the national defense mediation board in Washington. About 2300 men are employed in smelting operations in Hurley nnd in mining at Santa Ritn. Two Independent railroad un- ions, the Brotherhood of Locoino- PARACHUTIST LEFT UP A TREE Tension Grows i As Orient Moves CHIEF OF STAFF Member of the 502nd Parachute Battalion, Py.l, Charles Lankford landed oh'Maxtbn, His chute caught in the branches, Lankford cut himself loose and jumped to the ground, where he landed uninjured. Official U. S. Army Signal Corps photo. Rural Youths to Enlist in Food Defense Clubs New Mexico rural youth's an- swer to the throat of totalitar- ggrossion was revealed today at the annual conference of ex- tension workers.at A. and M. Col- lege, by Assistant Extension Di- rector H. L. Hlldweln's announce- ment of the formation of 4-H "Food for Freedom" clubs. Speaking before an assembly of the state's county home demon-' stration and agricultural agents ansl subject matter specialists the extension officer announced that each New Mexico 4-H mem- ber enrolled in a project producing preserving foods with the U. S. department of agriculture, has designated as vital to defense, will be entitled to enroll in a 'Food for Freedom" 4-H club. Also In Health Projects Club members carryli poultry, swine, beef, sheep, garden, food preservation, bean, corn, grain sorghum and milcft goat products will be eligible, Mr. Hildwcin said. In addition to producing or con- serving essential foods, members o.r the "Food for Freedom" dubs will participate in a personal health project involving physical examinations and corrective meas- ures and will be encouraged to as- sist with school lunch projects, in order to improve nutritional standards of school-going children. A third feature of the work will be a year's club program devoted lithcr to safety or citizenship nitd Crncen Finances Riderless Horse Warden Monument Paul Roach, register of tlic Las Cruces land office, .started out recently to linance a monu- ment to the late Frank .Worclen, state land commissioner. Tt was to bo, he told a .select- ed group of Wordcn's friends by letter, a riderless horse, to be erected over the former land commissioner's grave at Hills- boro. Today, Mr. Roach placed the order for its crrcction. He had more than enough money to do -the job, because everybody he sent letters to, as well as a number of others who heard of the appeal, promptly sent money; so, he's going to prorate the expense and return part of the contributions tn all contributors. Okeyed eep, home I _ ___ _ For River Work A LBUQUERQUE, Dec. 2 Presidential approval has been given to a WPA project for the Middle Rin Grande conservancy district, calling for expenditures of Senator Dennis Chavez advised officials here to- day. By ASSOCIATED PRESS The crisis in Japanese-Unit- ed States relations reached a new point of gravity today as President Roosevelt reported- ly asked Japan's diplomatic representatives questions which included requests for an" explanation of Nipponese mili- tary moves in Indo-China and toward Thailand. Still Au-alt Kepl.y tn Nnle The Washington government still awaited a formal reply from To- kyo lo the formula of bask' prin- tiplr.s set forth by of State Cordell Hull for peace- hi the Pacific. The note gave to Japan UK- minimum of rc-quiremenls, on tin.1 part of the United Slates, for a peace ul settlement of cast Asian prnhlemr. Unofficial news dispatcher from Tokyo Saturday night said the note had been but when Japanese envoys returned to con- ferences with Secretary Hull yes- terday they asked for a "continu- ation" of negotiations. Hrilisli Warships Bristle Tension grew throughout the Orient, as word of today's exchang- es got abroad. -v-Thfl' British admiralty -reported- ly ordered all British China coast shipping to proceed immediately to Hongkong. Britain's new battle- ship Prince of Wales steamed into Singapore at the head of a flo- tilla of powerful naval reinforce- Novemln inents its Japanese dispatches as- versa! snrted that J.'.ritish imperial troops -I'thn were massing along the Thailand frontier "for invasion." See AHUU Heady In Fighl. Washington observers believed the ABCD powers America, mark. Britain. China and an inch fight if the Japanese invaded Thai- j mal. IjtnO, Men n 'Maximum tempcral.it Thailand itself was rushing j WHS IM.G. 1.1 below norma large-scale defense moan minimum. 1.7 aim1 There was intense military activity normal, mean, or .'t ;iho' in Burma anil Singapore, while, j normal. great numbers of Japanese troops were reported massed in Indo- China. j The Japanese cabinet devoted a long session tn the Washington ne- gotiations. The belief wa.s expressed in To- kyo that any eri.sis would be de- layed three days or more, how- ever. The Dutch East Indies reportedly UMieral George C MurslmH. chief of staff of the U. S pictured in this new photo at his desk in the War IVpattn the four stars on his shoulder .straps. They nuirk htm i i nil. the only one on the active li.st in the U. S. army November Knoch's Rainfall: Abnormally Dry Paris Press In j Push for France iTo Support Axis s preceded run the Me: pitalion to a 1 Maximum for UK- month iMirrp'l en llu-ec si-piinite il. Nov. 'I and .ri. il was imum of IS, occurred No Tin-re were 21 clear dii (ho month, fi four cloudy I'AUIS, I '1 full French c.illjihtiral i Axis nations, lollou day's nmfri-i'iire heh-. Henri Philippe IVIaiti Ih-nirum I They gavr Haboral i lilalfiuent by 1'Vrdma which tin- asserh'd thai lili on the part ul Krerirl Russia; Turn on British in Africa By ASSOCIATED PRESS The Australian cruiser Sid- ney was reported officially, to- day, to have sunk Germany's most dreaded sea raider, the heavily armed Steiermark, somewhere off the Australian mast, but to have paid with her life for her final act of heroism. In sinking the Steiermark, the Sidney, also was sunk, the official announcement said, and all of her crew of M4.ri men went down with their ship. Hull .Sunk Nhir Alll.'il The SlniTiimrli was cmlitiHl u-illi turnup sunk nine Hntish ;imt ;il- licit in ;it Icnst Uutv nccans; Hill' wils a fiiHl. rm-itij; vcs.si'l ivluisc iippi-nm-li. Cm- innnths, lias lii'cn itrcailcil by cniuniaiuli'i-H of ships lo llrihiiri While i.mcial ili'lails ivcrc miss. Inc. il u-as sniil that, u-licu hist sluhtoil pirliminary In the bill- llc which ,'Ulldl her ciircor Ihe Stciel mark's hnstliiij: npene-l fire iilmi'Sl simlillane.iiisly with llluse of tin- Kiilm-y. II was a shm-l, su'il'l ly-shi: linj; bnltlc. '1'he Sidney's crew lived In see Ihc tlrcaileil raider pn dmvn; but Ille Slilnry was sn ba.lly she Hlumpi'il and sank. Hi'ils Claim III linulc On Ihe land front in Kiussin. :v.i- vie! disiialchcH deelariHl the ro- tn-al of flu- OruuinK trom tnv hail heeonie u rout, wilh Ihe I'lrehiK westward riloiij; Ihe Azov sen nfler n defeat which "puts an end In tales abnut the iiiviiicihihty of tlip Cenuan army." T: tiiilish iitioti'd Viee-Coin- Mi.'ritl'T wits saying the altempt (if Ille Cienuans lo tiii.e Moscow cosl them a half opaicji for clh, men. Mil i rtly lo 'all' t" jo Draff Tightens The Dutch Kfist Indies reportedly were planning new prepuredness TT'nnri IpptppC measures while Japanese then- i UpUU UClCOiCCO were chartering fishing which td hurry homo. 1m tive Firemen and the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, and the Chi- j democracy. no Metal Trades Council of Santa 1 Talk 1'rmluetlon Increasi- Rita and Hurley Involved. i "Food for Freedom" -1-H ''lull The strike threat was caused by members will carry Identification provided for expenditure refusal of the company to bargain cards signed by extension Director with any union until certification A. B. File, citing their patriotic was given by the national defense j work and the clubs will bo issued mediation board. j Christmas Lights ai Madrid Go on Sunday MADRID, Dec, 2 '.Pi The i Madrid Christmas light will he j turned on Sunday night for the t Yulctlde season. Joe Huslcr. secretary of the i Madrid Employes club, estimated persons woujd pee the lights this year. special charters signed the ag- ricultural leaders of New Mexico, Othor features of today's pro- (Continuod on page four.) The project will provide labor for repairs on river .structures and construction of more, ae-conl- ing lo Stanley Phillippi, conserv- ancy chief engineer. He said it is similar to, and will replace, a pres- ent project which is about to run out. The present, project, which also if about Jl.OOO.Odfl. has been in progress about .10 to 00 days. The new project then will begin function- infi. It is expected Utsl at loast two year.s. Flood damage the past minimm- j from Shanghai, hastened the repair work bur i-iirly today Court, Drafi Board Boih Wani N.M. Man HOBBS, Dec. 2 Phi Karem, 26, faced the- ililcm today whether to miss th Monday morning for Simla Fe to be Inducted into the army, or whether to miss arraignment in district court on charm's of H-S- sault with inlnnt to kill and as- sault with a deadly weapon. Karem wa.s held in Imil for appearance in district court lifter H revolver hutl been (lis- I'llfirged during a barroom sniffle He sjikl hi: had been notified by the Lea county selective service hnwrd to nn hand In to Kunhi Fc for induction. SANTA KK. 2 Kiulur j of men railed to ivpnrl indue i lion into the army under the leclive se.rvlr.e, .system to show u at the dcHtBiinlnl time ha.s led I a shortage ol availnbl for army duly in Mexie- ,-ivkv oMlcials said t< MI-led day- called Unit severe pi .selective oked. In lh< I State- Kill I. scrv, a Renenil llKlll heen forced, and fr iii-n fulling to rt-port II ho frit if lo at.lornry, and provided under co'le Will he .St. Axis powers in Adoll llitler'-f i li-Miiany whatever aid it is in h'-r to lend. In regain Krem-h pnse.ssiimH in Aiiira which now ate in cnntrnl of Hen. Chas. i (laulle's French." The pledges, il' any. winch Mar- shal Pi-tain Kitve had not heen made public ASCC Traveling Manager Resigns Kl I Soiilhuvstrrn worth. Mi. Watluns position ul IT .if Hie Segui idnullii Reverse Afrit-mi Arllini fin the l-.ih.VJin tle.serl. the Mul- ish acknowledged a .set., hacIt in their drive lo knock the Axis oil) of north Africa. Cairo diHpateh'-.s .-mid the tJer- imin.s .slashed through the Mnlitih corridor from lo Tohnik, joining trapped panv.or forces ni'rtnrasl of Ilezeph and recaptur- ed holh itself ami Hir Kl llami'd. The Hrili.Hli Cairo spokesman said the Nazi break through meant that newly-united German divisions now hemmed in :ilontf the --oast ea.st of Tohnik probably could hreak the British and escape west "if Un-y wished to do .so." lie said it "may delay matters a few days hut had not impaired Brit- ish confidence, riulm HritMi I'rlMHins The Italians laum-d the cap- ture of British around Koz- the Hermans claimed more Mian It.OOn, including; three gener- als, Inid been liikt-n thus fur. Official dispatches said the battle mi the Toh lakcn H favliiahh- Axis In the ln.it ft lit SKl uk front hud turn for M III XI of MAIUNICS HHACII MANILLA MANILA, Dec. '2 Tin- .ileiun- ship Presi'lrnt Madison, Ihp first continent nf In the bar- Now Uie shoring "f rnitnpim- is threatening to heroine iirnl HO "a policy ni'isl f HIO feet, ran Into Recaptured Areas ft left turn, then, us he started i to make the turn, Tanner, who Tlie other car run inlo another Dec. 2 The IPR. held in jail iil'illve rnmnilttee of Ihe KinnUili pending roiupletioti of the tnvrNtl- has approved u men- (gallon and a .N-finite report of Al- "finHCWusa" un- (leiele's condlllon. w'11' the eastern trrrilork-H The two-day trial of Mnnluyii was near a i-loMe as .hu.Ki Nunm Krc-ngor reccHKed dblrkct court un- 111 2 p. m., nftcr defense anil prune rccnptttrcd from Soviet Russia during the current war. The territories embraced arena by the UnaMtuui from Kin- outlon both completetl their cases, land after the conflict of
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