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Albuquerque Tribune (Newspaper) - March 6, 1975, Albuquerque, New Mexico _TheAlbuquerque Tribune, Thursday, March 6, 1975 ByCHETDINNEIX Tribune Writer Did you know that origi- nally there were three "Old Santa Fe rather than just one? Did you know that the famous Civil War battle of Glorietta Pass was really the battle of Apache Crossing? Did you know that around the turn of the century, the booming little town of Estan- cia had 22 saloons and three banks, and nearby Mclntosh had three flour mills operat- ing "full blast" and even had a railroad? THESE, AND literally hundreds of other unknown facts have been uncovered by Professor Perry Van Arsdale, a resident of the lower Estancia Valley (who, incidentally, values his pri- vacy so highly that he drove some 80 miles into Albu- querque for an inter view with the Tribune rather than reveal where he who has spent the last IS years of his life perfecting by hand drawing and hand lettering a turn-of-the-century pioneer map of New Mexico.. The map, unbelievably intricate in its perfection, contains more than 300 towns that no longer exist, in fact or on any other map. But they were there once- arid that is all that matters to the professor. He has completed section- al maps of the entire United States, but maps of New Mexico and Arizona are the first individual state maps to be completed. He is current- ___ing_Aibyqucrque Tribune, Thursday, March 6, 19! Professor turns historian, mapmaker [NELL ly working on individual replies. "Hundreds nf nnn. HP nM, ,ha, .1] ly working on individual maps of California and Tex- as, a full-time project. THE PROFESSOR relates that he retired at the age of 45; with enough wealth "to see the project through." Holding a Ph. D. in roman- tic languages, also a Ph. D. in mechanical engineering, he found himself much in demand during the days of the development of the atom bomb, and during the 1950s by the U.S. Air Force, where, for several years, he "de- vised systems for teaching abstract math-.to explain it he explains. For this he received a consulting fee of S240 per hour. Starting his mapmaking as a hobby, it soon became a full time career, with the encouragement and help of his wife, Mildred, (he calls her 'mom') and before Jie knew it he was besieged with he maps from 176 different nations throughout the world. "I'M GETTING a little tired he admits. Al- though he. doesn't disclose his age, he allows as to how he's "in his sixties." So he has given exclusive market- ing rights to Duke's Enter- prises, located on CentraJ SW in Albuquerque. "NOW I can devote full time to my he sighs. How did he obtain the necessary information to draw such an accurate turn- of-the-century map? ''By talking to he replies. "Hundreds of peo- ple. Old time-sheriffs, dis- trict attorneys, county clerks, and others who had access to the records of land transactions dating back to the Hidalgo Grant." And what about his asser- tion that there were three "OJd Santa Fe WITHOUT HESITATION he replies "That's right. The first was called the 'trap- per's trail.' Coming from the East, it headed South to San- ta Fe around 1796 through Alamosa, Colorado. "But a shorter route soon became necessary, so a mapper devised a route that came south, turning toward Santa Fe from Pueblo, Colo- rado, and coming on down through Waisenburgand Raton Pass. This .trail sufficed for many years, but wasn't adequate for a trade route. "The Santa Fe Trail came about as a result of Mexico gaining its independence in 1821. "THE ARKANSAS River was the boundary between the U.S. and Mexico, and both nations realized that more extensive trade was necessary. So they put to- gether wagon trains with trade goods and headed in a more direct line for Santa Fe. Instead of going all (he way to Pueblo, they headed south at the Arkansas River, and cut across to Cimarron, and thus created the final Old Santa Fe Trail that stayed in use for the res! of the century." He adds that the wagons had to withstand constant attacks by Comanche Indi- ans, with little protection from the Army. "For one he says, "until 1846 it was Mexican territory. And the Mexicans not only couldn't give them protection, but the Padres allowed the Comanches to take slaves, under the laws of Burgos left over from the 'Spanish occupation, as long as the slaves'were given Spanish names and baptized into the church. "THE AMERICAN infan- that I said infan- try, for they had no cavalry until 1829, while the Indians were conducting their raids on only protect the traders as far as the border." He went on to explain that when the first U. S. cavalry was formed it was called the First Dragoons, and com- prising foot soldiers from New York City who had nev- er been astride a horse. "So you can imagine how effective they the professor adds with a wry smile. HIS RESEARCH led him to a Polish general who re- signed his commission in the Polish Army to enter the U. S. Civil War as a general in the Union forces. General Grzlekowsky is credited by Prof. Van Arsdale with win- ning the battle of Glorietta then as Apache Crossing. "General Chivington, the commanding officer, felt that a defeat by the confed- Poor lady spent years paying off burial policy By B. DRUM-MONO AYRES Jr. (C) N.Y. Times News Sen-ice BIRMINGHAM Poor most of her life, Blanche Burge figures that the least she can do is depart it in style. So back in 1942, when she was 22 years old, she took out an insurance policy that guaranteed, her what she considered a "respectable" ending a wooden coffin, a somber shroud, a long black limousine. THE PREMIUM WAS 11 cents a week, and for ]0 years an agent showed up every Wednesday morning or was it Thursday afternoon? to collect her little envelope filled with change. Standing at the front of her house, bantering pleasanteries, he would leaf through the thick black notebook crooked in his arm and put down an- other mark by Blanche Surge's name. Then he would go next door, or cross the street, and repeat this nickle-dime dunning that is the way of death for many of America's poor, particularly the impoverished of the South. Finally the week came when the agent failed to call. The policy was paid up. Confident at last how it all would end, .Mrs. Burge worried little about death in the years that followed. Then, a few weeks back, someone called her attention to a news item that was head- lined: "Burial insurance paid off, noiv poli- cy no good." MRS. BURGE READ on and discov- ered that she is one of Alabami- ans whose million in burial policies are now because of a statewide combine of 11 funeral in- surers have gone bankrupt. "It was a terrible she says, "because burialisoneof themain things thai most people I know worry about." "If you'vegolyourfuneralpaid she continues, "you feel as though you can go dignified-like and not be a burden to your survivors. "Why, went to a funeral the other day where just the blanket of flowers on the coffin cost S85. Imagine that! And, you know, it wasn't near as pretty as the one 1 paid S70 for when my hus- band died a while back." Modern Home, the bankrupt insur- ance combine in which Mrs. Burge put her few pennies, is now caught up in a tangled legal web in which state inves- tigators are looking into the possibility that some of the combine's officers siphoned off much of its assets to pay phony debts. MEANWHILE, ANOTHER Alabama I insurer Vulcan Life has agreed to help the courts clean up the actuarial debris in return for a portion of the remaining assets and the right to drum up trade among the jilted policyhold- ers. Vulcan is honoring the policies of .Modern Home clients who died in the weeks immediately following the combine's failure. At the same time, Vulcan is offering the Modern Home policyhold- ers still living people like Mrs. Burge a special policy that will pay in funeral expenses for an annual premium of S7.7S. That works out to about 13 cents a week. MRS. BURGE SIGNED up immedi- ately for .the new policy, along with most of the other Modern Home clients Vulcan has been able to locate thus far through the mails and a mas- sive advertising campaign. "Oh, thank you, Mr. Tyler, thank you, Mrs. Burge blurted out the other day when Charles Tyler, a Vulcan at the doorofher sparsely furnished house. crates was the professor says. "And" so he ordered the bayonetting to death of more than 700 hors- es and mules to preclude their falling into the hands of the rebels. "But General Grzlekows- ky was a student of Napo- leonic warfare-including the pincer movement. It was his idea to steal out at night, surround the confederates, and burn their wagons with all their supplies. "HIS TACTIC worked per- fectly and stopped the con- federate advance, and thus won the battle. Later, he set- tled down in Puerto del Lu- nas, right here in New Mexico, and opened a gener- al store, where he became an Acquaintance of Billy the Kid and sold him hissup- plies and bullets." Prof. Van Arsale noted that the descendants of Gen. Grzlckowsky still live in Puerto del Lunas. The professor, of course, is not the only talented, member of his family. Mildred, or will be having an anthology of her poetry published soon, and is a geologist to boot. His son, Norman, is an executive with Lockheed Aircraft Cor- poration. WHAT IS the most unu- sual request the professor has received? "Well." he muses, "1 would say it was a request for a pioneer mop of Arizona from an inmate of the Arizona State Prison. "Isentthemap.Butbe- fore long I got a letter from the the a request that the inmate's money be returned. "The warden explained in the letter that the map was just a little too detailed to ailoivin the hands of the prisoners. "WITH THE back roads and all, it simply showed them too many escape routes." And right about here.... Prof. Perry Von Arsdale points to approximate area in New Mexico where pioneers founded the third and final Old Santa Fe Trail. A resi- dent of the South Estancia Valley, the professor drew (Pklo A' CsW) and hand-lettered this map of pioneer New Mexico in honor of the coming bicentennial. Lower photo illustrates a very small portion of the overall map of the state. Out Amajor world premiere is happeningin your living room tonight. Just lean back and let "Love Among the Ruins" surround you with wit. laughter and charm. Irs a delightful romantic high comedy-and the first time together for gta Katharine Hepburn and Laurence Olivier. Directed by George Cukor and written by James Costigan, Have a good time. Lift for the handicapped A special bus providing on-ofY ramps for the handicapped It displayed outside City Hall. Keith Schollander and Sara Sormuon try out the new bus. City transit officials are negotiating with a federal agency for a three-year grant to demonstrate such a bus. Katharine Hepburn and Laurence Olivier 'Love Among the Ruins9 9pm Prtseiaedby IBM
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