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Reno Evening Gazette (Newspaper) - July 11, 1945, Reno, Nevada A Newspaper For the Home Information and Enjoyment For Every Member of THE FAMILY RENO EVENING GAZETTE Nevada's Greatest New spaper WEATHER Faitly cloudy tonight and Thurs- day; scattered afternoon and evening; little I change in temperature. SIXTY-NINTH 165. RENO. NEVADA. WEDNESDAY. JULY II, 1945 16 PAGES 5 CENTS HUGE U. S. TASK FORCE NEAR JAPAN Charter Opponents Detroit's Milk Before Committee Supply Cut By CIO Strikers Connolly Confident that Restrictive Amendments Con be Beaten Down WASHINGTON, July 10. of the Untied' Nations Charter trooped before the senate foreign relations committee today at Chairman Connally (D-Tex) expressed confidence that any restric- tive amendments would be beaten down. The first opposition witness, Mrs. Agnes Waters of Washington, D. C, was escorted from the committee table by policemen when she attempted to continue after her allotted time had expired. "What we need is a good old fashioned American Mrs. Waters shouted as she left. SPEEDY ACTION HIT Mrs. Waters, a familiar figure at congressional committee hear- ings, said she representea the na- tional Blue Star Mothers. She denounced the charter as an "in- ternational fraud." Other opposition witnesses in- eluded Mrs. Cecil Broy, of Arling- ton, Va., representing Americans United, Inc., who said the charter will lead to "empire and the Rev. J. Paul Cotton, Cleveland, representing the World Peace Truman Prepares For Conference Forum, who declared "there is something sinister in the speed" of senate action on the pact. Ely Culbertson, bridge expert, submitted a statement declaring the only effective way to prevent aggression is to establish a world- wide limitation on heavy arma- ment, and an international police force. Connally held a watch on each witness to make sure everyone got 15 minutes, but no more. SEES PERPETUAL WAR One of the opponents, David Darrin, was questioned by the chairman about his designation as representing the United Nations on Earth, Associated. 'Darrin said there wasn't any such organiza- tion, he simply used the name and it didn't have any members. a rather unique situa- commented Connally. "You are, for the purposes of this hear- ing, the whole United Nations of Earth Association." Said Senator Berkley "There is no reason why a man can't associate with himself." Darrin said the charter would lead to "perpetual war." He said he had bundles of exhibits point- ing out what he thought was wrong with it but wouldn't sub- mit them unless Connally guaran- teed they'd go Into the report. The chairman said they might be "too so Darrin walked off with them. As hes left the stand, Connally said: "Thank you, Mr. Darrin. I hope you'll report to the association." TESTIMONY LIMITED As the foreign relations com- mittee he heads arranged to hear an abbreviated lineup of opposi- tion witnesses, Connally told re- porters he is ready to face the issue of charter amendments now, .adding: "We've got the votes to 'knock them down" Connally's Famous Ships Are Eastbound ABOARD CRUISER AUGUSTA WITH PRESIDENT TRUMAN, estimate was sup- ported by Senator Wheeler (D- (Turn to Page 2, Column 1) Bonus Proposal Cut From Bill July 11. Truman began whipping into final form today a mass of data he will pre- sent to the Big Three meeting at Potsdam next week. HOLDS CONFERENCE He called Secretary of Fuel and Arms Industries Hit By Labor Troubles By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A labor dispute in Detroit, one of a score across the country which kept some men and women off their prevented an estimated half million persons from getting their regular supply of milk today. FUEL AND ARMS For the third straight day, de- liveries of 30 per cent of the motor city's milk supply were tied up by a walkout of 1000 creamery company employes. Efforts were pushed to end the stoppage, but CIO United Dairy Workers offi- cials said no home deliveries would be made .before tomorrow, should a settlement be effected today. Other labor disputes, some of long duration, affected the fuel and arms industries. In Detroit alone controversies curtailed or halted operations in six separate plants involving more than SOCK) workers The striking CIO United Dairy State Workers in Detroit were to Vote James F. Byrnes and Adm. Wil-1 today on the proposal to go back liam D. Leahy Into the Augusta's to work and their local president, admiral's cabin, where former Russell Ballard, said he would President Roosevelt and Prime urge ending the walkout. The re- Minister Churchill held most ofjgional war labor board issued a their Atlantic charter conferences back to work order and Chairman in the ominous days of 1941. I Louis C. Miriani asserted he There, for several hours, the three assisted by diplomatic and military experts, worked over an accumulation of documents. While plans for a visit to Lon- don after the meeting with Pre- mier Stalin and Prime Minister Churchill still are tentative, the president has no plans at all for visiting France. FAMOUS CRUISERS Accompanying the Augusta, a battle tested veteran, is the equal- ly famous cruiser, the Philadel- phia, which acted as Gen. George S. Patton's mobile artillery sup- port when he moved from Paler- mo into Messina to end the Sicil- ian campaign. She shot up bridges, knocked down planes and even took out enemy tanks with her big guns. The Augusta served as the flag- ship of Rear Adm. Alan Kirk's Normandy task force on D-day. amazed that this was insignificant JAP SICK EVACUATED The Japanese hospital ship Takasago Maru lays to north of Wake Island in the Pacific to await a boarding party from the Ameri- can destroyer Murray. The hospital ship was allowed to proceed and was stopped again as it left the Island. It was carrying 975 military, patients, most of whom were suffering from malnutrition and tuberculosis. They were permitted to go on to Japan. (AP Wirephoto from U. S. navy via radio from Guam.) Foreign Foods To Be Reviewed WASHINGTON, July 11. UP) Secretary of Agriculture Anderson said today that new food commit- ments to foreign be re- viewed "very carefully" so as to "increase quantities of rationed commodities available for civilian use." Anderson made known his stand i in a letter to Rep. Kilburn (R-NY) j after the latter said he had had re- i ports this nation contemplated [sending tons of sugar to Sweden and Spain. The secretary told the New JUly 11. art Yorker that "no sugar controlled by the United Nations" was being from British sources would be sent to Spain because a commitment that "we are still bound to honor' had been a part of the economic f wr Ieet of warfare program The house veterans committee to- sent to Sweden, but that tons day approved a revised GI bill of rights after discarding a bonus provision for all servicemen. It makes ho major changes in the loan, education, and job pro- visions of the original over-all vet- erans benefits measure but is in- tended to overcome difficulties that have developed during the bill's first year of operation. Stricken out by a one-sided com- mittee.vote was Chairman Rank- in's proposal to pay every veteran with 90 or more days of honorable service an outright bonus of This is the same amount provided in the GI bill for ex-servicemen unable to obtain jobs. Couple Arrested On Two Counts matter can endanger the welfare of people." FOUR WAR PLANTS The walkout at the Detroit Creamery co. and the Ebling Creamery co. a dis- pute union spokesmen said was over "accumulated grievances of office workers" at the latter com- pany. Other stoppages in Detroit were at four war plants, with 6400 CIO United Automobile Workers' off their jobs, and at 12 lumber yards idling 700 AFL workers. There were disputes involving CIO oil and gas workers in the United Fuel Gas co. serving six eastern states; United Mine Work- ers at five mines in Pennsylvania and Ohio; shipbuilding employes in New Jersey, and workers on B-29 bombers in Chicago RUBBER STRIKE The country's largest single strike was the 11-day walkout by CIO United Rubber Work- ers at the Firestone Tire Rub- ber co. in Akron, O. Three strikes were settled yesterday; others which have been in progress for a week or longer continued with no immediate indication of settle- ment. MOST OF NATION SHIVERS WITH COLD By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Frost took an impromptu bow on the nation's weather scene last night as most of the nation shivered In tem- some 15 degrees be- low normal. Over the entire country from southern Oklahoma, cen- tral Arkansas and Tennessee northward unseasohat tead- prevailed, but promised moderation by to- morrow. The U. S. weather bureau at Chicago said some frost had been reported in the Wiscon- sin swamp region last night, and that e. national low of SS degrees was reported at Land O'Lakes, WIs. A warming trend began to- day, however, and "near normal" temperaatures re- turned to the this morning. Other regions could expect a wartnup by tomor- row, the weather bureau said. 9oTw Detroit idled 2900 UAW workers at the Graham Paige Motors corp. in a dispute over reclassification of two em- ployes; 2800 at the Chrysler cor- poration's Dodge truck plant over a controversy on rest periods; 500 at the Metal Products co. in pro- test against disciplinary action against five workers, and 250 at the Gorham Tool co. m protest against WLB delay in their ,wage case. COAL MINES CLOSED Union and company officials continued efforts to effect a set- tlement of a strike of 1000 CIO orkers at the United as an agreement for the release of 100 million cubic Field Director For WMC Branch CHICAGO, July U. _ A. Mertz of Chicago has been j Pennsylvania, Ohio and'New'oYrk named field director over 21 states of the Training Within Industry branch of the war manpower com- mission, William H. Spencer, re- gional WMC director, announced today. Mertz recently served as assist- ant to the TWI director in Wash- ington. He wUl have authority over WMCLRegions 6 through 10 gas daily into the com- pany s lines was reported by Maj. E. H. jr., of army ord- nance. He said the flow would assure an adequate supply for in- dustrial consumers until the dis- pute over wages is settled. Mean- while, several score war plants in West Virginia, Kentucky, Virginia, used stand-by fuel supplies. Four Pennsylvania coal mines operated by Jones Laughlin Steel corp. and employing 3316 United Mine Workers, remained closed. One mine closed, the com- pany said, over refusal to rehire a returned war veteran without a physical examination; a second shut down in a dispute over shift SAN FRANCISCO, July 11. Ted Aragon, 31, and his 18-year-old j Mildred, appeared in munici- j pal court today on bigamy and I grand theft warrants issued in Den- ver. Colo. Inspector LJoyd Kelly said the couple, arrested last night, told him they were married June 29 in Little- ton, Colo., and eloped to San Fran- cisco to elude her parents. Kelly quoted Aragaon as saying that two days be.'ire the marriage -n divorce from his first a Mexican at- torney acting as garbage can. v uunugii i uuwii ui a mspuie OVCF Snltt which include Dallas, Tex. Head- rotation and the two others closed quarters will be in, Chicago. when pickets appeared, GARBAGE CAN CONTAINS MISSING RARE VIOLIN DETROIT, July 11. UPV-A Gobetti violin Emily Mutter Adams, violinist in the Detroit Symphony orchestra, inadvertently left in a Mrs. Helen Evans told police she saw a little bay drop such an in- strument in a garbage am. At first, she said, she thought the boy was trying to get out of practicing his restaurant has been found and re- ..music lesson, but later she read of by a short stay j Miss Adams' loss and reported the Balikpapan Bay Area Captured MANILA, July 11. ians by a new shore-to-shore move- ment in southeast Borneo have com- pleted the capture of .the Balik- papan Bay area, including terrain commanding all of the fine broad harbor and also have invested the fiercely defended Pandansari re- finery area, headquarters reported today. With the enemy still in control of all major fields which formerly supplied the port with pure bunker fuel and the refinery machinery a mass of twisted wreckage, the cap- ture of the port has no immediate military signicifance. Beyond Balikpapan, once the greatest oil refining and shipping port of Borneo, other Australians of the 7th division smashed against a Japanese resistance point on the low slopes of Mt. Batochampar, six miles to the north. Flying Boxcar Flight Is Made CHICAGO, July 11. "fly- ing boxcar" loaded with what air- line officials said was the largest single shipment of' durable goods ever made by air, took off un- eventfully from municipal airport today headed for Los Angeles. American-Airlines said the huge Consolidated Vultee C-39 carried a full freight car nine gas ranges needed for high priorities in California. More than half the shipment was uncrated, experimentally, to test savings in shipping weight and crating costs, officials said. Incident to thepotice. QUAJKE OFF WASHINGTON, July it An earthquake of moderate intens- ity last night was reported today by Georgetown university sci- entists who said the. 'quake ap- peared to haw occurred att the of Ptru. Army Paratroops To Fight Fires Troops Assigned To SEATTLE, July 11. paratroopers- -are now held, in readiness to' fight forest' fire's in Washington and Oregon and have already been used as ground forces, transported to fire areas by truck, Col. Victor G. Schmidt, command- ing officer northern district, 9th service command, announced to- day. GROUND FORCES The army also has a substantial force of ground troops, all trained fire fighters, stationed at strategic spots throughout the northwest. "The number of men assigned to this work was arrived at after consultations between the army and navy and national, state and private forest Col. Schmidt said. "I feel sure there are enough to deal with any sit- uation that might develop." They began their work officially July 1, under direction of the na- tional forest service, but actually took part in fire control the latter part of June. BATTLE FLAMES Paratroopers, functioning as a ground force, were called out June 21 to fight a fire 20 miles north- west of Bend, Ore., he said, and early this month fought an 85- acre fire near Merfitt, Chelah county, being flown to Wenatchee and transported 'there by truck. Members of the regular army ground force also took part in quelling last week's ,fire near, Quillayute, on the northwestern I Olympia peninsula. All the fires so far this summer i have been due either to natural! causes such as lightning or to i carelessness on the part of persons entering the woods, he said. ODT Puts Ban On Shipping of Race Horses Wartime Traffic To Benefit From Federal Order WASHINGTON, July 11. Transportation or race horses or show animals by railroad and com- mon or contract motor carriers prohibited today by the office of defense transportation. AID WAR TRAFFIC An order prohibiting rail trans- portation was issued by the inter- state commerce commission at the request of ODT Director J. Mon- roe Johnson. The exception re- quires ICC permits. Johnson asked the commission to "restrict the transportation of race horses and show animals in order to expedite the movement of troops, materials of war and civil- ian supplies needed for the suc- cessful prosecution of the war." ICC said the ban will become effective 6 p. m. Eastern War Time, today and will expire at 12.01 a. m. EWT July 1, 1946. The ICC explained the ban does not include circus animals moved under contract with the railroads. INCLUDES DOGS Animals shipped in freight cars as ordinary livestock also are not subject to the restrictions, an ICC official said, but persons using private cars in ordinary freight service for the purpose must file affidavits with the ICC. The ODT-ICC ruling also in- cludes dog racing, the ODT said. The only means by which horses, dogs and show animals can now be moved, ODT officials said, is in trucks operated by owners of ani- mals. "Otherwise, it looks as if they'll have to stay right where they are, and racing could go on indefi- nitely in those the ODT said. SPECIAL CARS Before the ODT-ICC orders were issued, the railroads were asked to file reports on the num- ber of cars used, animals hauled and miles covered. The ODT director said that most of the race horses and show ani- mals move in express cars or spe- cially built livestock cars on ex- press and passenger-train runs. He added that today's action makes a considerable volume of this equipment available for other transportation purposes. VARIOUS FEELERS FROM JAPAN BUT NONE ARE GENUINE WASHINGTON, July ll.UF) Various feelers have come to the Allies from Japan, it turned out today, but there is not a single genuine peaea offer in the lot. Not once In the three and half-years of war, says Acting Secretory of State Grew, has a real offer come to Washing- ton from the Japanese govern- ment "either through official or unofficial channels." Grew gummed up the peace feelers situation In a state- ment yesterday. He issued It, he said, because there has been so much recent talk of enemy to call off the war that some explanation is needed. Grew 'told about four par- ticular peace feelers all designed, he said, to find out whether the United States might be willing to relax ito unconditional surrender de- mand. One was put forth by alleged "leading Japanese Industrlal- another came through a neutral diplomat In Tokyo; a third, through a Japanese dip- lomat via a German newspa- perman in a neutral country; the fourth from an unidenti- fied person hi a neutral coun- try. OPA Is Worried Over Clothing War Material Demands Less Churchill-Franco Meeting Denied LONSON, July 11. 10 i Downing st. .issued a special com- j munique today to squelch rumors I that Prime Minister Churchill or! one of his emissaries intended to' visit Spain and see Generalissimo Francisco Franco. The communique said: "A state- ment has appeared in the press that Mrs. Churchill crossed the Spanish frontier to San Sebastian accompanied by Col. Or- tega (Spanish frontier command- Such reports are totally un- true. Neither the prime minister nor any of those with him has crossed the Spanish frontier or in- tend to do so." The prime minister and Mrs. Churchill are on vacation at the French town of St. Jean de Luz, near the Spanish frontier. Fair Practices Dispute to Floor WASHINGTON, July 11. The house appropriations commit- tee today recommended allotment of to liquidate the fair em- ployjnent practice committee. The committee's recommendation will bring the controversial issue to the house floor tomorrow for a vote congressional leaders hope will break a six-weeks deadlock holding up funds for 16 home front war agencies. The action was by voice vote, but southern members of the committee emphasized that it was not unani- mous. They said they were opposed to granting any additional funds to the agency created by President Roosevelt to prevent employment discrimination because of race, color or creed. Backers of the agency likewise expressed dissatisfaction with the committee's action and said they would not agree to any provii requiring liquidation of FEPC. Labor Secretary's Aide is Appointed BELGIAN FISHERS LONDON, July 11. fleet of more than 200 Belgian fishing craft which fled the German in- vasion five years ago for exile in Britain is sailing for home this week, the London Daily Herald said today. WASHINGTON. July 11. James F. Brownlee, OPA deputy price administrator, said today that unless the rise in clothing prices is halted and reversed "we shall not be able to hold the line." STEADY RISE Clothing items are the only im- pprtant sections of the cost of living index "which has had a con- tinued, steady Brownlee said in a letter to Senator Young adding: "That rise has amounted to more than 12 per cent in 22 months." Brownlee wrote .that if the trend is not halted "the vicious spiral of increasing prices will lead us swiftly and surely to in- flation." Many low and medium-priced items are no longer available, he said, and that makes the actual cost consumers greater than in- dicated by the index. OPINIONS DIFFER "As if this did not indicate trouble enough, it appears that we may have, from now until the end of the war, even less yarn available for civilian consumption, due in large part to increased mil- itary demands, and there will be an even sharper pressure toward higher prices created inevitably by a short supply Brown- lee wrote. A war production board spokes- man differed with' Brownlee on the matter of military require- ments. He told a reporter the armed services need "definitely less" than they did a few weeks ago. Chinese Capture Former U. S. Base CHUNGKING, July 11. (JPi Chinese forces have recaptured the former American air base of Sincheng in Kiangsi province and are advancing northward toward another former air base at Kanh- sien, 210 miles northeast of Can- ton, the Chinese high command announced today. Chinese troops also recaptured Nankang, on the Kiangsi-Kwang- tung highway 15 miles southwest of Kanhsien and were hotly par- suing Japanese fleeing toward the former American air base city, the Chinese said. Tokyo Fearful That Invasion of Homeland Near Continuous Air Attacks Promised By Adm. Nimitz GUAM. Thursday, July 12. A mighty U. S. naval task force that proved its mastery of Japan's skies prowled under a security blackout today as Tokyo specu- lated that an American invasion might be near. MYSTERY ARMADA The whereabouts of the armada of battleships and carriers has been a mystery since it unleashed: 1000 planes at Tokyo's airfields Tuesday, but the Japanese said It was "still in the vicinity of our homeland." Adm. Chester W. Nimitz him- self promised the Japanese that navy and marine aircraft would keep raining blows on their land In preparation for "further amphibious assaults." The Tokyo radio reminded listeners that the last time carrier planes struck the Japanese capital Iwo Jima was invaded and said the same tactics might be pected now with landings where else. Another enemy broadcast said the aerial assault on the home islands was maintained Wednesday by 150 fighters from Okinawa which struck air bases on the east and south coasts of Kyushru. JAP FORCE MISSING The whereabouts of the hoarded Japanese air force likewise waa a mystery, for it refused to accept the challenge flung down by Adm. William F. cruising daringly close to Japan. From that standpoint, Tuesday's heavy strike at Tokyos ring of TO airbases was a disappointment, for of 154 enemy planes destroyed or damaged, only two were caught in the air. These were not interceptort, such as the Japanese are known to be saving against the day of In- vasion, but reconnaissance planea that got too clase to the American fleet. This was in contrast to the even larger carrier raid on Tokyo last Feb. 16 and 17, when 332 enemy planes were shot from the skies, 177 destroyed aground and 150 probably destroyed. 3000 PLANES That strike was also made in co- ordination with Superfortress raids and covered the landings on Iwo Jima by keeping the Japanese air force tied down at home. Reports continuing to filter hi pushed toward 2000 the number of planes which were in action over Japan and Japanese-held territory Tuesday. In addition to the 1000 carrier planes raiding Tokyo, and the more than 500 Superforts that struck five Japanese cities, nearly 200 bombers and fighters attacked from bases on Okinawa. They hit two suicide bases on Kyushu and raided Korea and the Chinese coast, setting three med- ium freighters afire and attacking three destroyers. OTHER RAIDS An undisclosed number of Mus- tangs from Iwo Jima hammered unopposed at the port of Kobe on Japan's inland sea, shooting down one enemy plane, destroying 18 others on the ground and sinking or damaging 25 ships. Gen. Douglas MacArthur's com- m u n i q u e told of fresh heavy bomber and fighting raids on For- mosa, and sweeps along the Asiatic coast as far south as Indo-China in which a freighter was sunk or damaged. SHOTGUNS WILL GREET NIGHT CATTLE THIEVES CLEVELAND, July 11. Midnight cattle rustling if increas- ing in northeastern Ohio but Geauga county isn't having any trouble. Sheriff S. M. Harland explained WASHINGTON, ._, _. President Truman turn appointed n this way: Edward C. Moran, former repre- "We'll give sentative from Maine, 'tfc be sec- -frankly there is going to be work ond assistant secretary of labor, for the coroner if we corce across ttht WMtt Homt li----------' inu vvny. "We'll give 'em a warm reception night, i mal in his possession for which he cannot account. I am recommend- ing that our farmers get out their shotguns and use all in favor of the old western justice which decreed. sudden death to cattle rustlers." The maiirauders prey mostly on calves and sheep, the sheriffs in northern Ohio reported, largely be- cause the carcass can be. 1 Miiiy by one. or two men. Jap-Ameircan Unit To Be Transferred ROME, July 11. United States 442nd infantry regiment, composed of Americans of Japanese descent who fought with distinction in Italy and France, will become part of the strategic reserve when it returns to the United army headquarters announced to- day. The announcement was made to correct a previous report that the will be one of the last American units to leave the Medi- terranean become part of the tactical reserve for the Pacific war. (The tactical reserve is held hi close support for combat COFFEE EXPORT BAN. HAVANA, July 11. dent Grau San Martin issued a decree today prohibiting export of Cuban, coffee in order to meet a threatened domestic shortage. A months-long draught has hit oof- lEWSFAPESr EWSFAPESl
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