Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Reno Evening Gazette (Newspaper) - January 25, 1945, Reno, Nevada A Newspaper For the Home Information and Enjoymenl For Every Member of THE FAMILY RENO EVENING GAZETTE SIXTY-NINTH 22 Nevada's Greatest Newspaper RENO, NEVADA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 25, 1945 16 PAGES 5 CENTS WEATHER Cloudy tonight and Friday with occasional light or rain likely tonight; not so cold tonight. RUSS ONSLAUGHT PERILS BRESLAU Germans Open Desperate Offensive on Western Front ross Moder River On 20-Mile Front British Drive on in North, Yanks Push-in Ardennes Bulge By EDWARD KENNEDY PARIS, Jan. 25. Germans have opened a desperate new offensive against the western front in northern Alsace, it was an- nounced late today at supreme headquarters, possibly in a supreme effort to win back the whole northeast France province. Attacking on a 20-mile front from Haguenau northwest into the Vosges mountains, the enemy crossed the Moder river at places 15 miles below the Reich frontier. Far to the north, the British 2nd army drove under guns of the Siegfried line to within a mile of the Roer river, where the fixed defenses begin. Seven towns within 30 miles of Dusseldorf fell the Tommies. The Allied air force again pound- ed on thinning German traffic fil- ering out of the Ardennes salient the center. German troops ivements toward the east still were seen. The 1st and 3d armies cap- tured nine more towns In Ar- dennes sector, three of them In- side Germany. First army troops pushed close to the Reich fron 1 Troopship Sunk Hundreds Lost Report Latest Army Cacualties tier around Wallenrode and Am- bleve, above St. Vlth. The 1st division trapped and captured 300 Nazis. BALCK OPENS DRIVE Gen.-Hermann Balck opened the duve with a heavy artilley and mortar barrage, while other Ger- mans to the north were continuing a great eastward exodus from the Ardennes salient. Roads and rails were so littered in the north that the Germans resorted to routes in the center. The British 2d army closed with- in a mile of the Roer river in northern Germany, fighting close to the Siegfried line. At no point were the British more than three miles from the Roer, which the U. S. 9th army to the south guard- ed from Linnich to below Duren The fresh British advances swept up seven towns in 12 hours, some less than 30 miles from Dusseldorf. Linne, three miles from Roermond, was among thtfse taken. The German offensive in Alsace s in an area where the 7th army ad plenty of rugged space to trade for time in which to reinforce. It was by no means on the scale of the Ardennes offensive of mid- December. FINAL BATTLE "The assault may signal the start of the final battle for Al- AP Correspondent Robert C. 4 Wilson wirelessed from 7th army headquarters. Earlier, the 7th army had with- l drawn from seven to ten miles along a 20-mile sector of the Karls- ruhe Corner, leaving Strasbourg juttng out at the end of an Allied salient. Wilson said the Americans were reported inflicting "heavy losses" and had destroyed at least five tanks and 14 armored vehicles in early hours of the drive. The 1st and 3d armies captured nine more towns in the Ardennes salient, now reduced to about 120 t-' square miles. The British 2d army (Turn to Page 2. Column 6) Ppe 1st Edition Jrings NEW YORK, Jan. 25. lic auction of the Frank Hogan library brought with a (J. first edition of Edgar Allen Poe's "Tamerlane and Other Poems' selling for the Parke-Ber- net Galleries, Inc., announced to- day. The book, printed in 1927 at t Boston, was purchased by the Ro- senbach company. New York and Philadelphia dealers, at the final gS session yesterday of the two-day sale. First editions, autographed let- r ters and manuscripts of American writers were among the 744 items auctioned at the sale conducted by t order of the Riggs National bank of Washington, D. C., Rogan's ex- ecutor. Other Poe works drew high bids. among them being for man- uscripts of "the ff for "To Miss Louisa Olivia Hunt- and for "The Domain of-Arnheim." The Rosenbach firm made the bids. Charles Scribner Sons. New York publishers, bought a manuscript 4k of two'stanzas of 'The Bells" for and first editions of "Al jc Aaraaf and Other Poems" for "The Raven and Other for and 'Tales" for JBBOOO, oems WASHINGTON, Jan 25. Along with a report of new army casualties. Secretary SUm- on revealed today the recent sinking of an American troopship in European waters with 765 dead and missing. No detail was giving in the loss of the troopship, beyond the fact :hat she was sunk by enemy ac- tion while carrying more than 2200 soldiers, of whom more than 1400 were saved. The casualties were divided: 248 dead and 517 mfssing. Pleavy losess had been reported n two previous troopship sinkings, both in the Mediterranean last i year. Losses in those cases tot-: ailed 1498. Neither ship has been reported by name nor have the sinking dates been given. More than 4300 officers and men were aboard the transport Presi- dent Coolidge when she was sunk :n the south Pacific Oct. 26 1942, .vhen only five were lost. Stimson said the new transport sinking was made public :n ac- cordance with the "established policy of statmg-all losses in regu- lar course, even though some of the details may not yet be made available." The overall report on army losses, issued at the war secre- tary's conference, showed 'dead, wounded, captured and missing since Pearl Harbor, up from last week. It re- flected a period of heavy fighting to stem the German brcakihrougn in Belgium two or three weeks ago. The navy's newest casualty total of up 1635 for the week, made the overall figure for the armed services an in- crease of since last week. BOMBS AWAY ThK unusual picture of 1000-pound bombs being dropped from B-26 Marauders over Germany was made from the bombardier's "greenhouse" of another plane. Wallace Fights For Full Power Given Ovation By Spectators FDR Orders RR Seizure in Utah WASHINGTON, Jan. 25 President Roosevelt today ordered War Secretary Stimson' to take over and'operate the Bmgham and Garfield Railway company in Utah "for the effective prosecution of the war." A 16-line executive order, dated yesterday, gave no details of the seizure action, but the war de- partment said a strike of engine- men and firemen became effective early today, halting operations of the line Although the railroad runs only from Bmgham to Garfield, Utah, a distance of 20 miles, the depart ment said it is responsible for car- rying a substantial part of the na tion's copper ore production from mines to processing mills. STALIN MEETS POLES LONDON, Jan. 25. Stalin met yesterday with repre- sentatives of the Lublin Polish re- gime to discuss Polish-Russian re- lations and the relief and restora- tion of Warsaw, the Moscow radio said today. WASHINGTON, Jan. 25 Contending big little business Is "the real issue" in control of the government's huge banking powers, Henry A. Wallace today proposed a con- gressional investigation of RFC lending under Jesse Jones. WASHINGTON, Jan. 25. Henry A. Wallace fought to re- tain Jesse Jones' immense bank- ing power toddy, contending op- position to his cabinet appoint- ment stemmed not from his lack of experience but rather not liking the kind of "experience I have had." Appearing before the senate commerce committee which had heard Jones frankly label Wallace "not qualified" for his dual pbs of secretary of commerce and boss of federal lending agencies, the former vice president promptly ex- pressed "deep concern" at congres- sional moves to strip away the banking functions. LESS THAN FRANK He would be "less than Wallace said, if he told the com- mittee that his concern sprang merely from the fact that the sep- aration of authority was proposed "Of even greater Wallace said, "was that my nom- inaton for secretary of commerce was the occasion for this propo- sal Reading from a typewritten statement, Wallace said talk of his lack of experience words used by Jones "does not fool me or the American people." Wallace was greeted by a pro- longed outburst of applause from more than 500 spectators when he walked Into the hearng. "It is not a question of lack of he said. "Rathei (Turn to Page 2, Column 1) MacARTHUR'S TROOPS BESIEGE CLARK FIELD Manila Less Than 50 Miles Away, Japanese Losses 10-to-1 in Campaign GERMANS WARNED NOT TO USE GAS LONDON, Jan. 25. UP) Prime Minister Churchill warned the Germans today if they used poison gas the Allies would retaliate swiftly "ten fold." "It Is no doubt a realization of this fact and not any real moral scruples on the part of the enemy that has hitherto secured us immunity from this particular form of Churchill said. His statement was contained In a written reply to a question raised In commons as to whether the Allies were pre- pared for the possible Nazi use of gas as a last resort. By C. YATES McDANIEL GENERAL MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS. Luzon. Jan 25. swifUy massing of 14th army corps troops besieged Clark field's 131 airstr.ps today after a two j campaign on Luzon in which 101 Japanese were killed for every; American. Manila lies less than 50 airline miles ahead of the south bound Yank columns, disclosed officiall> today to have paid the relatively low cost of 657 lives during the first 14 days of their 65-mue drive from Lingaven gulf. More than 6000 dead Japanese have been counted and the figure undoubted- ly is greater because tre Nippon- ese try to conceal their losses by Steve Early Might Resign Has Many Offers Worth Much More WASHINGTON, Jan. 25. The White House is coaching Jona- than Daniels, former editor and author, as a successor to Presiden- tial Secretary Stephen Early. If the change is made, Daniels will handle President Roosevelt's press and Early will step out into private employment. Daniels now is one of five ad- ministrative assistanst to the chief aides whose mam qualification is supposed to be "a passion for anonymity." Before coming to the White House, he was assistant director of civilian de- fense. EarlyTias beerT'asfed, and has agreed, to go to supreme Allied headquarters in Europe to look over press relations there. He expects for weeks. During his absence, Daniels will 1 queries and issue state- for the press. Early dragging bodies. away many of the CLARK FIELD DRIVE Japanese forces have aban- doned their neiv, well-prepared defenses In the hills northwest of Bam ban. 35 miles from Ma- nila, and the fall of that bastion, shielding Clark field, appears imminent. Other gains were scored on flanks. FDR Makes Rank Nominations Son Elliott on Advancement List LONDON, Jan. 25. Elliott Roosevelt, commander of a photo reconnaissance wing in the U. S. Sth air force, was not avail- able for comment tonight on his nomination for advancement to brigadier general. Inquiry at his base disclosed he was "somewhere on the continent." The president's son has com- manded the unit for 18 .months as a colonel, although the organiza- tion calls for a commander with the rank of brigadier general, a spokesman at U. S. strategic head- quarters said. Any Old Roads You Want Paved? Write Los Angeles LOS ANGELES, Jan. 25. Forty years ago the Los Angeles county board of supervisors con- structed a county highway bridge Recently they rebuilt it. Now the board finds they went Walker Still U. S. Postmaster WASHINGTON, Jan. 25. UP) Frank C. Walker was nominated by President Roosevelt today for another term as postmaster His is the only cabinet position whose term is fixed by law. It lasts as long as the presidential term plus one month, and hence requires a new nomination al least every Roosevelt has been in charge of four years.___________________ the wing since the African cam- paign. WASHINGTON, Jan. 25. Brig. Gen. Anthony C. McAuliffe, who retorted with a defiant "nuts" to a German surrender ultimatum at Bastogne, .vas nominated today for promotion to major general. The 46-year-old deputy com- mander of 'the 101st airborne divi- sion was decorated with the dis-1 tinguished service cross by Lt. Gen. George S. Patton, jr., in the' (Turn to Page 2, Column 5) An intricate maze of more than 30 fortress caves, which the Nip- ponese spent months building as a major defense belt for Clark field, littered with scores of wrecked Nipponese bombers and fighters, is in the hands of 40lh division soldiers. Disdainful of wilting enemy rearguard resistance, little artillery spotter planes landed on the satellite field before the ground troops got there. The Bamban river, where the enemy could have put up a delay- ing fight, has been crossed. The town of Bamban has been seized and the town of Mabalacat, last one before Clark f.eld, has been reached in a 10-mile push from Capas which has carried into Pampanga province, long referred to as "the gateway to Manila." As long ago as Wednesday morning, the latest period covered in today's communique, motorized units of Maj. Gen. Oscar W. Gris- wold's corps were on the borders of Clark field and Fort Stotsen- burg. It was there more than three years ago that America's main air strength in the Philippines was caught on the ground and wiped out by the then sky-dominating Nipponese airforce. Today the situation is reversed. While United States planes rule the an- over bomb- blasted Corregidor in Manila bay air strength in (Turn to Page 2, Column 3) European mission ends. Early is not keeping it secret that he would like to give up the year job as presidential secre- ary and take one or more of several jrivate offers that would pay con- iderably more. Whether he will, however, will determined by the president -ather than by Early. He is the last r the secretariat that came into >ffice with the president on March 1933. And if Mr Roosevelt tells him his experience, ability and loy- alty still are needed at the White -louse, Early will stay on Lucra- over-into neighboring Orange coun- ty to do the work. Supervisor Raymond D ax b y wants to know won't Orange coun- ty at least take over maintenance Fail Life Try On Himmler LONDON. Jan. 25. Moscow radio said today an un successtul attempt had been made to assassinate Hemrich Himmler German gestapo chief, during his tour of the imperilled eastern provinces. escaped, but the gestapo subsequently made mass arrest, among volkssturm (home army the Russian radio said. "Now Himmler "has 'strengthened his bodyguard and avoids appear- ing Reds Cross Oder; Berlin 125 Miles Breslau Fall Imminent; Righting Rugged at Gates of Konigsberg Jan. 25. Ankara radio said today most German government officials had left Berlin for Berchtesgaden, Hitler's hilltop retreat, taking government records with them. LONDON, Jan. 25. armies have captured Glel- wltz and Oels, two more Slleslan cities guarding the approaches to Breslau, Marshal Stalin announced tonight, as Red array troops moved through the broken Oder river line and seemingly Isolated the large German forces In East Prussia with a drive to the Baltic east of Danzig. Glelwltz Is 90 miles southeast of Breslau. Oels, a rail junc- tion, Is only 14 miles northeast of the important SUcslan strong- hold. Stalin also announced the capture of Ostrow, 10 miles from the northern border of Silesia in Poland, and Chranow, an Impor- tant center in the Dombrova coal basin. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS LONDON, Jan. army forces have broken the Oder river line in southeast Germany and are explonmg the breakthrough while in the north they apparently have cut off East Prussia, Soviet field dispatches announced today. Moscow broadcasts said the thunderous Soviet winter offensive had rolled to a point little more than 125 miles from Berlin and that Red army units were fighting "on the edge of capital Manpower Bill Action Sought War Material Lack Crucial By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST WASHINGTON, Jan. 25. The argument that fighting armies need help now accompanied a house military committee recom- mendation today for prompt action on national service legislation. Shortages of war material are "rea1 and the com- rrittee said in sending to the house floor a bill to require every man between IS and 45 to work where lie is needed under threat of in- duction. or imprisonment. Tro committee completed action on the legislation late yesterday after two weeks of consideration and in a last-mmule move for harmony eliminated on a close vote an "anti-closed shop" amend ment vigorously opposed by or- ganized labor ive bids in the past have failed to The re'ecled amendment would ure him away. He won t discuss what field he have permitted a work in a union registrant to shop without night enter should the president a union, if his draft board ree him. There have been reports wwever, that both radio and mo- ipn pictures would be interested in 115 services. Before coming to the White House, he was with Para- mount News. Daniels has been around long enough to know how the executive mansion functions and he has a newspaper and magazine back- ground In addition, he has written a novel and several travel books. He prefers, incidentally, to be known as an editor and author rather than to be identified pnmar- 'ly as the son of Josephus Daniels The elder Daniels, Raleigh. N.C newspaper publisher, broke Frank- lin D. Roosevelt into the govern- ment service during the last war. Daniels was secretary and Mr. Roosevelt assistant secretary of the navy under President Wilson Japs Take Town North of Canton CHUNKING, Jan. 25 UP) The Chinese high command announced tonight that Japanese forces in their three-pronged drive to strengthen their corridor disecting China have taken Yingtak, railtown 75 miles north of Canton. The column smashing from the west has taken Lokchong, 150 miles north of Canton, and those striking southward from Leiyang in Hunan province were engaged about 65 miles south of'Hengyang. told him to go there Instead, the committee wrote in a provision re- ouiring local draft boards to give a man "a reasonable choice of cm- plovers for whom to work." It left in the of the di- rector of war mobilization, or someone dcsismated by him, the authority to determine what are (Turn to Page 2 Column 2) Declines Ickes WASHINGTON. Jan. 25. Interior Secretary Ickes announced today that President Roosevelt had declined to accept his offered res- ignation, asking him to remain in the cabinet. Ickes is one of the two original members of the president's cabi- net. The other is Secretary of La- bor Frances Perkins, whose resig- nation the president has also re- jected. Ickes told a news conference he had received a letter from the White House in which the presi- dent said he "hoped I would stay on." Ickes described Henry Wal- lace's nomination as secretary of commerce to succeed Jesse Jones as "a good appointment." of East Prussia. BRESLAC'S FALL IMMINENT Fall of Breslau, capital of Lower (northern) Silesia and most im- portant industrial city in the east- ern Reich, appeared imminent aa Marshal Ivan Konev moved his 1st Ukranian army rapidly west of the Oder to encircle the city. Koncv's forces, vanguards of the Russian stntffleff across the broken Ice of the Oder In the heart of Silesia at a point southeast of Breslau, Soviet front line reporters said, and shoved on toward the mountains of Bohe- mia In Czechoslovakia. Konev was fighting for yet other crossings northwest of the Oder-straddling city, and Berlin said he already had secured a bridgehead al Stelnau, 32 miles northwest of the city and 138 miles from Berlin. Yet other troops under Konev'a command w ere reported hammer- ing into the outskirts from an over- night jumpoff point only four miles southeast of the city. HEAVV BARRAGE Hundreds of Koncv's tanks and self-propelled guns laid down a searing barrage on the approaches The crossing southeast of the cit> apparently was in the neighborhooc of captured Oppeln. capital of Up- per (southern) Silesia, and aboul 30 miles northeast of a lip of the Moravian border of Czechoslovakia The smash tow ard the southwes apparently was iniended to cut of! he thickly-clustered cities of Si esia from Berlin and menace tin erman armies still fighting in Slo 'akia and Hungary and garnsoninf Vienna. To the southeast the 4th Ukrain an army fighting through tin mountains of Slovakia was reportci snly about 40 miies cast of the Jab unka gateway to Moravia, a his one passagew-ay which Mismacl once called a controlling positioi n central Europe. The Germans, by their own ad mission, had failed to hall Marsha Rokossovsky's smasl oward the Baltic. The Moscow broadcast sayin, .hat Russian forces were only little over 125 miles from Berlii did not give the point of this deep st penetration toward the Na: capital. German accounts for several (Turn to Page 2, Column 4) "Further this Ickes said. deponent saith Just an Old "Mountie Custom; P. 0. Gets 'Em Too KANSAS CITY, Jan. 25. Stern, executive of a bond investment concern spent months trying to locate a client who held in bonds which had been called. Stern wanted to pay his money. He finally got a a faint one. "Last time I heard of him, he was in some nudist colony out near San an acquaintance told Stern. .So Stern addressed a letter to the customer "care of nudist col- ony in vicinity of San Diego." The postoffice found man. Russ Ambassador Killed in Mexico MEXICO CITY, Jan. 25. Soviet Ambassador Constantir Oumansky, his wife and seven otl ers were killed today in the eras of a Mexican air force plane star ing to take the ambassador 1 Costa Rica to present his crede) tials as minister there. Dr. W. L. Garnett, at the Arne ican-British hospital, said officia told him there were 11 in the plai and that only two escaped, boi injured. The plane took off at a. I from the Mexico City airport ai crashed about 500 yards from tl runway while trying to gain all tude. The Soviet embassy confirm that the ambassador, Mrs. Ouma sky, first secretary, Leo Proiani sky and another secretary we killed. Mrs. Proianinsky was j jured seriously. NEWSPAPER!
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 130 million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.
"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.