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Columbus Telegram, The (Newspaper) - February 20, 1970, Columbus, Nebraska Laird: Russia could downgrade U.S. to second rate power by mid-1970s WASHINGTON (Ul'I) -Defense Secretary Melvin R. Laird cautioned Congress today that the Soviet Union til ils present rale of military development could downgrade the United Stales to a second-rale power by mid-1970s. In me annual defense review presented lo a joint session of the Senate Armed Services and Appropriations Committees, Laird also predicted (hat Ilic Chinese Communists would begin deploying medium-range nuclear missiles this year. He estimated they would have from 80 to 100 installed by Ihc middle of the decade. Warning of Russian arms development, Laird said: "11 is clear (hat Ihc Soviet Union is embarked on nn ambitions program lo achieve a global military capability. "The Soviets arc continuing Ihc rapid deployment of major strategic offensive weapons systems at a rate [hut could, by Hie mid-1970s, place us in a second rale strategic position with regard to the future security of the free world." The defense secretary said however that he intends lo cul the U.S. military budget by 7 per cent this year. President Nixon's proposed budget for the fiscal year beginning July 1 calls for billion in defense spending compared lo billion for the current year, ending June 30. Laird declined to slate in the part of (he testimony, made public as he went inlo the closed session, any estimate of Ihe cosl for the Vietnam War but it was likely Ihnl he would give a figure to the committees in secret. The Pentagon has said publicly il expects Vietnam spending dnip below billion a month by mid-year. At times in tin- past, il lias run well over billion a month. Laird's public statement spelled out Soviet and Chinese Communist weapon development. The immediate Soviet Ilircat, he said, comes from Ihcir rapid deployment of land and submarine-based missiles. Laird concluded with this evaluation: "In Ihc long lerm, one of (be most serious threats confronting Ihc United Stales is the large and growing military and research and development effort of the Soviet Union." His public discussion of Vietnam was limited, lie said Gen. Earle 0. Wheeler, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, would give the committees a full report on the war, based on the visit to Vietnam by Laird and the general last week. 'However, Laird said on the basis of the trip, he had concluded [hat the program is proceeding "on schedule or ahead of schedule in all major categories." Depending on circumstances, he lold the senators, "we can anticipate continuing troop redeployment and the return home of additional thousands of U.S. military men during 1970." He said in recent years U.S. spending on defense, space and atomic energy research has remained steady while Soviet expenditures have increased 10 lo 13 per cent a year. Now the Soviet Union is pulling Slli to billion inlo such work compared with billion to billion for the United Stales, Laird said. Of the Ked Chinese threat, Laird said that some time this year they would begin deploying missiles with a range [lacking the nuclear power of Ihc American A-bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He also said U.S. intelligence exports expect the Chinese Communists lo test fire this year a (i.ODO-milc intercontinental ballistic missile which could a direct threat In the United Slates. Although Laird's budget requests for Ihc coming year arc below last year's, he said "if Ihc current Soviet buildup continues, we will need'additional cosily steps lo preserve an effective deterrent." "Common sonic in an un- common degree is what the world calls wisdom." T. Coleridge NEWSPAPER NUMBER -13 NINETY-FIRST YEAR THE TELEGRAM WEATHER OUTLOOK Generally fair and warmer to- night and Saturday. Lows to- night lower to mid teens north- cast, mid to upper leens south- west. Highs Saturday lower to mid 40s northeast, 45-50 soulh- west. UPI Leased Wire COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, KRIDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1970 20 Pages Today Evening Except single copy Request oil import quotas be overhauled WASHINGTON (UPI) A sharply divided cabinet com- iniltec recommended lo Pres- ident Nixon today thai (he present system of oil import quoins lie overhauled in favor nf a tariff arrangement effec- tive next year. Nixon, ii o w eve r, ordered further study of the problem. The President look no imme- diate action to implement recommendations of Ihe majori- ty, lint announced establish- ment of a new, permanent Oil Policy Co.nmittee (OPCl lo consider interim and long-term adjustments in the national oil policy. The new OPC lo be set up by executive order will be beaded by General George A. Lincoln, director of the Office of The principal split wiiliin the cabinet on the oil import quota system involved Interior Secre- tary Walter .1. Hickel, Com- merce Secretary Maurice ii. Slans and Chairman John N. Nassikas if Ihe Federal Power Commission. They objected lo Ihc majority report and some of Hie specific views of Defense Secretary Melvin R. Laird and Treasury Secretary David M. Kennedy. "Secretary of State William P. Rogers also expressed some reservations ahoul international implications of a tariff system, particularly involving such ma- jor Western Hemisphere oil suppliers is Venezuela, Canada and Mexico. Nixon did not attempt to reconcile Ihc differences. He said they were not surprising in view of Ihc complicated nature (jl Ihe subjecl. Instead, Ihe President emphasized, areas of agrecme.il, .particularly where action could he taken immedi- ately. One of the action areas was establishment of Ihe OPC which he ordered lo begin work iminedialely. Nixon also in- structed Rogers to continue consultations with oilier govern- ments "before any final deci- sions are reached." The report itself was some 400 printed pages long, the result of a one year study under (he Nixon administration. The majority report recom- mended a revised control quota system "a modest imme- diate reduction in import restraints." "A prudent course." the majority report said, "would be to adopt a system of tariff restrictions, lo lake effect no later than Jan. 1, al an approximate level of ?1.'I5 per barrel above existing tariffs) and (o allol the balance of 1970 and 1071 for collection said in tlrir minority report thai a lariff system would be "lugtilv -undesirable in many respee'.s and would lead to problems of great signifi- cance." These would include possible price fixing and national security complications, they said. Judge extends injunction to ban rail strike WACO MAN FILES LINCOLN (UPIl-.Miinford J. Ekart. Waco, filed Thursday for election lo Ihc legislature's Districl, now represented by Stale Sen. Wayne S-hreurs of Seward. WASHINGTON (UPI) -A federal judge today extended for 10 more days a temporary injunction banning a nationwide rail lieup. U.S. District Court Judge Howard Corcoran ordered nn extension of earlier directions prohibiting stiopcrafl unions from striking or railroad management from shutting down. An earlier extension agreed on voluntarily by the two sides, expires at midnight. Corcoran said he would nnl decide now wheitier il would be legal for the union to strike or Hie nation's railroads lo shut down their systems in retalia- tion. After hearing more than Ihree hours of arguments from union and rail lawyers, Corcor- an said. "I am not going lo rule on a case of this importance now." He then ordered the 10-day extension of Ihc agreement, postponing bolb Ihe strike and the lockout. But he said he could a decision before the 10-day extension expired, which would be March 20. Curtis voted for ban WASHINGTON (UPI) Ne- braska Republican Sens. Roman L. Hrnska and Carl T. Curtis Thursday voted for a ban on federally ordered busing of sin- dents to" integrate schools. The Senate voted 49-36 to re- ject such a ban. HARD AT WORK Vocational ag student Don Dofimen, a senior, works at his job at John Deere Sales, under the eye of Key -Spulak owner and manager. Teacher Ralph Eickholf checks up on Ills student. (Telegram Photo) NO. 5 OF A SERIES Voc-ag program up-dated By DICK HOWE Vocational agriculture h a s been taught in Nebraska high schools for many years, bul the courses have undergone change in recent years and more up- daling is being planned. At Columbus High School, Ralph Eickhoff has -10 boys in agriculture classes bul few of them will become farmers. Most expect to go inlo some ag- rclalcd business such as selling or maintaining equipment fertilizers or chemicals; forestry; livestock handling or marketing; one is even interested in becoming a chef. A 17-year veteran on Ihe CHS staff, Eickhoff regularly up- dates his orogram. Three years ago Ihe department revised (be vocational ag program lo a semesler basis, and this year began a released-limc work system. Next year there will he vocational classes for sophomores, juniors and seniors. The tenth grade will receive a broad agricultnr.nl background Ihc sort of things anyone in ag-iebled work should know even if they never farm. Juniors will receive more general' instruction related lo Ihe world of work, and also specific instruction in areas of interest to individual students. One, for instance, may study the mechanics of a tractor; another will begin study on forestry. Also, ju.iiors will be encouraged lo lake after-school jobs in Ihcir fields of interest, or lo have a project al nomc if they live on farms. Seniors are required lo have jobs or production projects, and can lie released from school half-days lo go lo work. They will receive specialized instruction in Ihcir field. II is Eickhoff's hope that his students will explore a number of occupational fields to see which one or ones Ihoy like best. Showing the change in farm- town proportions, only 10 of Eickhoff's 40 students this semester live on farms. The vocational ag course is designed lo move young men well along toward a marketable skill. Many of the hoys aren't interested in college, although some will go on lo a Iraclc school or college. F.ickhoff is enthusiastic aboul Five convicted members denounce Hoffman, see "American revolution" OZARK, ALA. A copy of a family photograph of four-month- old Shaun McElroy who was kidnapped from a parked car at a local food store parking lot Thursday. The picture was released early this morning by the parents who said that Shaun is an epileptic subject, and needed a treatment by noon yesterday. (UPI Telepdoto) OZARK, Ala. (UPll-lf little Shaim Yveite McLcroy is going lo UP found alive, it's lo be today. The four-months old baby, who disappeared from a car Thursday while her mother was inside a'grocery. suffers from a dangerous form of epilepsy. She needs frequent medication to prevent convulsions and was due a dosage :m liour after her Ihe work program, which "is of benefit to all four parlies concerned: student, parents, employer, and school." The boss, Eickhoif notes, is finJing a new source o f interested, knowledgeable employees. Students arc learning that the school and business people are really interested in them. Parents find their young people are more interested in school. Teachers get considerable "feed-hack" from employers and are better able lo keep Ihcir instruction meaningful and up to dale. An importanl parl of the program is FFA. F111 u r c Farmers of America, no longer entirely appropriate since many of (he boys aren't a club for agriculture students. The boys are encouraged to join, to help develop leadership, citizenship, cooperation, public speaking, safety and to lake part in various projects. Eicktioff is a Falls Cily native, receiving his bachelor's and roaster's degrees al University of Nebraska, lie taught veterans' a g r i c u 1 I u r e at, Clarkson three years before coming lo Columbus. Fiils vacancies in Legislature LINCOLN (UPI) Gov. Nor- bcrl T. Ticmann loday named Donald K. Troiult and George W. Althousc, bolli of Omaha, lo fill vacancies in Ilic Legislature. Troudl succeeds stale Sen. C.F. (Pal) Moullon. who re- signed laic lasl year because of ill health. Allhousc replaces the late Stale Son. Kdward It. Danner. Trondl, 50, is employed by Northwestern Hell Telephone Co. He is a native of Neb. Althouse, a native of Mis- souri, is president of Ihe Al- 1 house School of Mcauty Cul- ture. Me has lived in .Nebraska since 1933. Ticmann said he expected Al- thousc. a Negro, would resign from the stale Equal Opportuni- ty Commission. Danner, who had been the only Negro member of the l-ni- carheral, was elected from Ihc 11th District, which includes the predominently Negro Near North Side of Omnha. Moulton represented Ihc 8lh Dislricl, in Omaha. disappearance al I Thursday. "She lias enough (medicine) in her system In be of some help for'about 21 hours after her lasl said Maj. Peggy Wheeler, an Army nurse whn treated Ihe infant. "Of course, il is dangerous now." the nurse said Thursday nigh'.. il will become extremely critical after the 2-1 hours." Shaun's mother. Mary McLc- roy. an altr.iclivc. blontlc. had left Ihe girl inside Ilic yellow .sports car while, she: ran inlo a store lo purchase one Hem. She said she returned within five niinntrs and Shaun was gone. Some 'iOfl volunteers went un a iloor-tn-donr search of the area Thursday and stale troopers manned road blocks. Helicopters from Ft. lincker. where the girl's father. Dennis McLcroy. 20. a warrant officer flight candidate, is stationed, flew over this "wiregrass" section of Soulh Alabama in a fruitless search. By Ilia time the search started igaiu this morning. Sliaun was approaching the critical stage. McLcroy. still dressed in Ihe flight suit lie wore in helicopter pilot training, went with his wife lo nearby Dnlhan In make an over television and radio for their daughter's safe return. "Tins is our only child and we can't have any said the Eaton. soldier. "We don't have any figlil will" anyone. We just wanl our baby hack." CHICAGO (UPI) Convicted members of the "Chicago Seven" denounced U.S. District .Judge Julius J, Hoffman and foresaw a coming "American revolution" loday before receiv- ing sentences for crossing stale lines lo incite rinls al I lie 1SIJ8 Democratic National Conven- tion. After three of the defendants had addressed Ihe court, a recess was ordered until 3 p.m. EST. Each of the five convicted defendants was cnliilcd lo lo minutes lo say his piece before receiving punishment. T b e maximum penalty for each of them was five years in jail and a fine. The first lo do so was David T. Dellingcr, 54, a self- described "revolutionary paci- fist" who is the oldest of the defendants and was pictured by the prosecution as the "ar- chitect" of "the conspiracy." Dellingcr compared Hoffman to a second King George III of England "Irving lo forestall a second American revolution, which you will not succeed in doing." But lie paid Hie lough lilllc judge a backhanded com- pliment: "There is something spunky about you that one must admire however misguided and unjust you are." "Sending us lo prison, punish- ing us, cannot solve the problem of this he said. "We can be in prison but liic movement of which we arc a small parl will continue." Over defense objections, Hoff- man ordered the courtroom cleared of Ihe defendants' relatives. "My life was threatened by one of these men's relatives." he lold chief defense counsel William M. Kunsllcr. "She told Deadline March 15 to apply for three scholarships me she would dar.ee on my grave." "Are you Kunsllcr asked. "Yes. I am, the judge said. (Hoffman referred to nn incident shortly before liie five were found guilty Wednesday. Anita Hoffman, wife of defen- dant Abbie Hoffman, screamed as she was ejected from the cu-.irtrouni. "We'll dance on your grave. Julie." The sentenciags were tiic windun to a day close legal infighting in which Hoffman refused !o lot !he defense examine evidence olilaincd by the government through wire- tapping or lo inlerview mem- tiers of '.lie jury uhict1. funnd fiie of liie "Chicago Seven" guilty and two innocent. Marines head home Columbus High, anil Scolus students have until .March 15 to apply for Ihree Plalte C o 11 e g e scholarships sponsored by the American Legion post here. Veterans' Service Officer Keith Bryan said today. A scholarship will go lo unc student from each school wiio plans to attend the college for the first year. Forms are available from school guidance counselors or from the Veterans office. The forms must be relumed lo ilarlman Post No. 84 by March 15. according lo Bryan. Accident Report Thursday Total this year Total last year Injuries 4 138 163 15 SAIGON (UPI) American B52s returning from raids in Laos dropped 900 tons of bombs Thursday night, and loday on guerrilla Iroop concentrations threatening the Ben I lei (Ireen lierei camp on the Cambodian border. Another -100 U.S. .Marines lefl for home. The Slraloforlrcsscs flew six raids around Ben Hel 275 miles northeast of Saigon and two along Ihc Laos border, having earlier, rescued their Vietnam missions after more than -111 hours of raids on the Plain nf Jars in Laos. .Military sources in Laos said despite the ILS. air attacks, Pathet Lao and North Vietna- mese troops were closing in on the only government airport on the plain. On Vietnam batllefronls. military spokesmen said South Vietnamese rangers' and ar- mored troops killed 46 guerril- las in clashes Thursday near Hoi An, 22 miles south" of Da iNang in the northern war Allied losses were described as light. Since Ihcir campaign near OH Nang began nine days ago, the government regulars have re- ported killing 337 North Vietna- mese and Viet Cong. Military sources said Ihe Saigon troops have lost 3ti killed and 91 wounded. In .Vang, -100 American .Marines hoarded [wo Navy troop ships for home as parl 01 GMC will lay off workers DKTROIT (UP1I General Motors Corp. lias announced it will lay off 3.973 workers al fiiur plants in Michigan and one in Ohio for one-week pcriuds beginning next week. Involved are 1.5110 workers al Ihe Flinl. Mich.. 400 al Oldsmobile in Lansing. Mich.. :iiO al Ihe Cadillac plain in Detroit, and 1.300 al Fisher Body's Kuclid. Ohio, plant. CM also revealed Thursday it has laid off indefinitely some 7.500 employes in 33 parts manufacturing plains across the nation since Ihc beginning of vear. President Nixon's third phase willidrawjl oi U.S. troops by April 15. The latest Marines io leave were of Ihc 71 h Motor Transport Balallion. the Isl Bridge Company and the 3rd Amphibious Tractor Battalion. They left aboard Ihc USS Alamo and the I'SS Anchorage for Ca-np Pondlolon, Calif.. near San Diego. The B52 strikes (luring the night were aimed against wlial spokesmen called guerrilla Iroon concentrations. Fair, warmer Is forecast' 44 at 1 p.m. 6 low this morning 40 high Thursday 30 high year ago 22 low year ago By United Press International Generally fair .skies are fore- cast for Nebraska tonight and Saturday. The forecast calls for warmer readings Kast and Central to- night and over the area Satur- day. Winds are predicted lo be- come westerly lo southwesterly 1.) to 2T> miles an hour Central and 10 lo 20 miles an hour east. Tonight's lows are to dip Ihe teens Northeast lo (he 20s .Southwest and 15-25 in Ihe Pan- handle. Highs .Saturday will tie in the to the 5fls southwest. Precipitation chances for llie Panhandle through Salurday are reported lo be near zero. McCixik reported Thursday's high temperature in .Nebraska al SO degrees. The overnight Sow (lipped to 3 above al Norfolk. NKI1KASKA: Generally fair tiinigh! and Saturday. Lows to- night teens northeast lo 20s southwest. Highs Salurday 40- northeast lo 50s southwest'. Nebraska Extended Generally fair with warming I rend Sunday through Tuesday. mid 20s lo mid 30s. from around 50 lo around Ml. Outbreak of influenza has hit peak in most areas Today's Index Fire Reporf Calls to date To date last year Days without coll 17 20 Women's News Editorial Financial Sports Comics Classified Page 3 Pago 6 Page 8 Page 16 Page 17 Pages 18, 1? ATLANTA winter's unexpected outbreak of Hong Kong across (lie United Stales has reached its peak in inosl areas; the National Communicable Disease Center (NCDC) said loday. The XCDC said the disease has lieen reported in '15 slates, with the outbreaks in Ihe four stales of Maine, Rhode Island, Louisiana and Norlh Carolina reaching epidemic proportions. Forty-one other slates reported influenza activity ranging from regional outbreaks lo isolated cases. The five stales of Delaware, Sonlli Dakota, Arkansas. Wyoming and Nevada reported no activity. lint the NCDC said "in most areas of Ihe country which have reported influenza, this season, Ihe of activity has been reached." Il added, however, that numerous cases still were ix'cnrring as of tins week. The number of deaths attributed to Hung Kong fhi in 122 I" S. cities showed ;i drop for Ihe second consecutive week, l.asi week the flu claimed 215 lives, bringing the total fatalities blamed on the disease since the outbreak started the week of Jan. 3 to "Tlie influenza period is definitely on the downward slope." said Dr. Allan Brodsky. Rut he added thai "inflnen7a activity will continue for about a month more" before it dies out. Philadelphia was added lo the list of Ihrce other metropolitan areas reporting outbreaks of I long Kong Boston and Baltimore. lirmlsky said il appeared that persons whn received two doses of Hong Kong flu vaccine this winter "presumably" gained good protection from the disease, lie said in lasl year's major epidemic most persons had lime only lo gel one dosr of Ihe vaccine and didn'l get all (lie protection they needed.
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