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Independent Record (Newspaper) - June 3, 1965, Helena, Montana Astronauts Start Four-Day Orbit Of World; One Strolls in Space Maj White sFeat Highlight of First-Day Flight Capo Kennedy, White II climbed out of his Gemini capsule today and for the first time an Ameri- can astronaut flew alone in the cold, black emptiness of space, White's space walk came on the third circuit of a space flight scheduled for a total of 62, The exit into space had been planned for the second orbit, but the astronauts were too busy at trie time and delayed it. White pushed himself out- f nitenetfteni tt Vol. 172 Helena, Montana, Thursday, June 3, 1965 24 Pages, Two Sections Price Ten side the craft at p.m. (EST) as his partner maneu- vered it high above the Pa- cific off the coast of Mexico. Command pilot James McDivitt reported directly to Ihe conlrol center at Houston, "He looks great. Vic's outside and working." Human Satellite In his weird world of weight- lessness, White became a human satelJile in a pressurized space suit, speeding through the void al a fantastic miles an hour. But Ihe 34-year-old Air Force major was totally unaware of any motion as he hung seemingly sus- pended in space. Uses Jet Gun Using a liny jet gun lo propel himself, he had hoped to ap- proach the spent second stage of the Titan 2 rocket hurtling along in Ihe same orbital path as the Gemini spaceship. But maneuver- ing fuel ran short and the rendezvous mission on the flight was scrubbed. White's feat was Ihe highlight of the flight which started with a blasloff from Cape Kennedy at a.m. EST. White's voice was piped direct ly into communication channels around the world. It sounded scratchy and it was hard to under- stand, "Quite Exuberant" McDivitt reporled (hat he was "quite exuberant" at the sight he was seeing in front of Ihe capsule. White was floating on Ihe end of a golden, 25-foot tether. McDivitt said While was operat- ing his propulsion unit, the space gun, lo help him maneuver. It was the first time such a device had been used by man. The command pilot said: "One Ihing about it, when Ed gets out there il makes the space- craft bounce like a ball. Afler White climbed out, Gem- ini 4 swooped across Mexico and over the southwest United States, passing above Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. Then it swept over the Gulf of Mexico and Miami, Fla., before crossing the Atlantic Coasl. Watched by Doctors Back on earth, the astronauts' physician al Houston, Dr. Charles A. Berry, said medical data being received at Houston "looks indicating no problems with (he floating astronaut. ironic lines leading in through liis "umbilical cord." "Gee, he's just whipping along here in great Berry com- mented after looking at electro- cardium report radioed from space. The main problem for McDiv- U was keeping White in view through his window as White maneuvered with his three-jet propulsion unit. At one point, McDivitt told White, "slay right there if you can. Move around and I'll take your picture." White seemed mostly lo talk about what he was seeing on the ground below. He got out of his spacecraft more easily than the Russian cosmonaut, Alcxi Leonov, did on his own historic venture into space. The Russian had to scramble in and out of a small porthole. White stepped through a wide- open hatch from his capsule. If something made it difficult tor him to get back, McDivitt could reel him in with the life- line. The Gemini 4 carried enough fuel to make maneuvers totaling 245 miles. In his vain attempts to catch the booster during the first orbit. McDivitt used up 109 miles of this capability. The failure to rendezvous with the booster indicated that more work needs to be done before U.S. attempts to hook up satel- lites in maneuvers planned on Gemini flights late this year. October Flight A link-up bad been scheduled next October with a Gemini craft piloted by astronauts Walter Schirra and Tom Stafford. The introduction of the rendez- ous maneuver for today's flight plan was a late decision. It was made after astronauts Virgil Gris (Continued on Page 7) U.S. Jobless Droos to 1957 Rate Washington Presidcnl Johnson announced today thai the unemployment rale droppec: in May to the lowest level since lale 1957. Johnson, jumping (he gun on a Labor Department announce ment scheduled for laler in Ihe jday, said the unemployment rate Every breath White took and' fell from 4.9 per cent in Apri every beat of his heart was flashed back to carlh along eloc- Fast Traveler! Cape Kennedy As- tronaut Edward While slopped oul of (he spacecraft on (he third orbit as scheduled. He passed roughly over (he follow- ing areas, flying from west to east: Baja, Calif.; Phoenix, Ariz.; White Sands, N. M.; Houston, Texas; The Gulf of Mexico, and Miami, Fla. The excursion started ahoul p.m. (KDT) and lasleil shout eight or nine minutes. Viet Cong Ambushes Troops World Space Fliers Now Number 27 Cape Kennedy, Fla. Astronauts James A. and Edward H. White II are the 20th and 21st men lo rocket into space since the first went aloft in 1961. The previous 19, eight Americans and 11 Russians, were: Russian Maj. Yuri Gagarin, one orbit, one hour, 48 minutes, April 12, 1961. U.S. Navy Cmdr. Alan B. Shep- ard, Jr., suborbit, 15 minutes, May 5, 1961. U.S. Air Force Capt. Virgil I. Grissom, suborbit, 16 minutes, July 21, 1961. Russian Maj. Gherman Tilov, 17 orbits, 25 hours, 18 minutes, Aug. G, 1961. U.S. Marine Lt. Col. John H. Glenn, Jr., 3 orbits, 4 hours, 56 minutes, Feb. 20, 1962. U.S. Navy LI. Cmdr. Malcolm Scott Carpenter, 3 orbits, 4 hours, 56 mimiles, May 24, 1962. Russian Maj. Andrian Niko- laycv, 64 orbits, 70 hours, 57 min- ules, Aug. 12, 1962. U.S. Navy Cmdr. Walter M. Schirra, Jr., 6 orbils, 9 hours, 13 minutes, Oct. 3, 1962. U.S. Air Force Maj. L. Gordon Cooper, Jr., 22 orbils, 34 hours, 20 minutes, May. 15, 1963. Russian Lt. Col. Valery Bykov- sky, 81 orbits, 119 hours, 6 min- utes, June 14, 1963. Russian Vanentina Tcresliko- va, 48 orbits, 70 hours, 50 minutes, June 16, 1963. (First woman in Russians Col. Vladimir Komar- ov, pilot; Boris Yegorov, doclor, and Konslantin Fcoklistov, sci enlist; 16 orbits, 24 hours, 17 min- utes, Oct. 12. 1964. Russians Col. Pavel Bclyayev and Lt. Col. Alcxi Leonov, 17 or- bils, 26 hours, 2 minutes, March 18, 1935. (Leonov first man to walk in U.S. Air Force Maj. Virgil I, Grissom and Navy LI, Cmdr. John W. Young, 3 orbits, 4 hours 54 minules, March 23, 19B5 (Grissom first man to fly twice inlo to 4.G per cenl in May. He saic this was the lowest rale in 91 months. The President, addressing group of businessmen and laboi union officials who have pio necred in finding summer jobs for young people, said uneraploy men! fell by between April and'May, to lolal of 000. He said the decline in the number of jobless was triple the drop that usually is recorded at Ihis lime of year. On Ihe employment front, John- ison said IMi million more Amer- icans went to work in May, bring- ing total employment to 72.4 mil- lion. Negro Sheriff Deputy Slain In Louisiana Bolgalnsa, La. A Ne- gro deputy sheriff was killed and anolher wounded when gunfire from a pickup truck riddled their patrol car on a lonely road near this racially tense Wednesday night. MANEUVERING IN draw- ing depicts a scene high over the south- ern United States and Mexico as it took place today as U.S. Astronaut Edward White, left the Gemini-4 space capsule, pictured at left. As he maneuvers he has one hand on life line and other holding the pressure gun that help control his movements in space. (AP Wirephoto) Conserve Metal LBJ Proposes Less Silver Content in U.S. Coins Washington President Johnson recommended today that less silver be pul into U.S. coins from now on lo conserve Ihe scarce metal. Johnson made his recommenda- tion lo Congress in a message that would, if carried out: Leave Ihe penny and nickel un- contain no silver. Provide for new dimes and quarters with no silver conlcnt, They have about 90 per cent sil- ver now. The coins would have a copper core with an outside layer of a mixture of copper and nickel that would make them acceptable in vending machines rigged lo reject slugs with no silver content. Allow 40 per cent silver eon- lent, inslead of 90, in a new half dollar. Make no change in Ihe old sil- ver continue the ban on coining the cartwheel. The new coins will not come out tmti) next year. Meantime, town'Johnson said the 300 million troy lhan An hour lalcr the (own mar- shal at Tylertown, Miss., who heard of the shooting by police radio, stopped a 1954 pickup truck with a Confederate flag lag on its front bumper. The truck's white occupant, Ernis R. McElvccn, 41, possessed (wo nf which officers said had been recently fired. FLIGHT TRACKING Gemini- 4 space flight Includes these 13 stations around (he world plus two ships. The computing communications center is al Grcciibclt, and Mission Control Center al Houston, Texas. of silver will go inlo coinage this year. This is far more than the Richland County Has New Sheriff Sidney Harold Grin- total free world output of silver expected for Ihis year. Johnson said silver is getting too scarce lo keep on using it in coins on a large scale. "To maintain unchanged our high silver coinage in the face of this stark he said, "would only invite a chronic and growing scarcity of coins." The President was especially emphatic on one point: "1 want to make it absolutely clear that these changes in our coinage will have no effect on the purchasing power of our coins." The new and old coins will cir- culate interchangeably for a lime. And, to discourage holding or melting down existing silver coins, the Treasury is going to hold Ihe price of silver at no more lhan a fraction of a cenl over a Iroy ounce. This price is low enough lo make unprofitable to melt coins fo their silver content. Tile new would have dime and quarlc the same size am design as the present ones. The would look something like th nickel on Ihe outside, except i size and design, plus a new tea lure of a copper edge where In copper core comes through. The new hnlf-dollar would b almost the same in appearance a Ihe present one. Unlike the dim and quarter, Ihe core would no be all copper but an alloy ot 2 per cenl silver and 79 per eci copper. To this core would b bonded an alloy of 80 per cci silver and 20 per cent copper. Th size would be unchanged and th coin would continue lo carry Hi likeness of the laic Presiden John F. Kennedy. Heavy Casualties Are Reported Helena High Graduation Set Tonight The heavy opening chords of 'Pomp and Circumstance" at 8 o'clock tonight in Helena Senior .iigh Gymnasium will mark the jeginning of commencement ex- ercises for 402 seniors, their par- Saigon, South Viet Viet Cong kept up ts attack from ambush in central Viet Nam today, killing an estimated 60 government roops 215 miles northeast of Saigon. A U.S. Army adviser was vounded in the ambush but a lelicopter evacuated him with wo other Americans who ivere uninjured. A. U.S. military spokesman aid the Communist guerrillas iltackcd elements of a govern- ncnl battalion on the way to clear a road southeast of Chco Ico village, in Phu Bon Prov- n ce. The casualties are very the spokesman said. Marine Fliers Killed Two U.S. Marine fliei's were killed when their small scout plane crashed and burned line miles northwest of Da Nang. This brought American deaths or the week lo 12. A Marine spokesman said the pilot apparently lost control ot :he liaison plane while -flying Ihrough a cloud. Informants said both men perished in the flaming wreckage. A helicopter flew to the site crashed, injuring three U.S Air Force crewmen. Guarded During Rescue No Communist groundfirc was believed involved, the spokes man said, but two American Ma rincs and 42 Vietnamese spccia force soldiers stood guard dur ing the rescue. In another ambush, the Vie Cong smashed a government con- voy 150 miles northeast of Sai- gon, killing at leasl 10 govern- ment soldiers and destroying a number of vehicles. Two Americans Flee Trap Two Americans with the con- voy, 2nd LI. James M. Dilg of Casper, Wyo., and Sgt. Charles M. Curry of Watsonville, Calif., fought their way out of the trap unhiirl. The Viet Cong had mortars zeroed on us from both sides of Hie Curry said, "and their machine guns were so close you could sec their muzzle blasts. We were mighty lucky lo get out of Ihnl one alive." cuts and friends. Helena High Principal Charles Johnson said today the grad- uition is open to the public. Largest in History As the graduating class, largest in Ihe school's history, files to its position on the floor of the gym- nasium, parents will stand in tra- dilional respect. Invocation will be given by the llev. Martin A. Baumann of First Lutheran Church as the seniors are seated. A brass sexlette will play "March Vallianl" by Paul Kocpke in the first of two musical pres- entations during the ceremonies. Members ot the sextetle are Don Ilohiuiuist, Carolyn Uyer, Joan Rate, Dan Nelson, Jerry Watnc and Mclvin King. Holmquist, King, Nelson and Miss Uatc are seniors. Salutatorian Speech First speech of the evening will be given by Victor John Kiesling, sitlutalorian. Remarks by Susan Eagle, a student, and by Jack G. Holt, parent, will follow. The Rogers and Hainmerstein composition, "You'll Never Walk will be sung by grad- uating members of the Starlighl- ers. They are Gary Breed, Char- lotte Day, Lowell Dightman, De- nise Feller, Lynn Hadicy, Charles Ilalverson, Ronald Hanson, Mar- cia Holt, Robert Liedle, Sue Thompson and John Young. Dina Wilkins is accompanist. Melville Brelt Tibbies, valedic- torian who carried a straight A grade average throughout high school, will address the seniors and parents following the Star- lighlers selection. Presentation of honor awards A Viet Cong battalion assaulted will be made by Johnson. C. It. the district town of Binh Chanh, (Continued on Page 7) Anderson, superintendent of llcl- (Contiimcd on Page 7) At Special Session On Saturday Vote on GOP Party Changes Here To Cost Helena One Convention olds is the new sheriff of Jiich- Thomas K. Mooncy land County. Grinolds, who had served as undcrsheriff, was appointed by Ihe County Commission. He re- places Wilbur Cornelia, who re- signed. State, National Weather Forecast, Helena and Mostly cloudy with few showers tonight and Friday. Low tonight 48. Much cooler Friday, high 64. The official Helena tempera- lure al 1 p.m. was A proposal that Montana Ke- pnblicans no longer will be re- quired to hojd Iheir presidential election year delegate conven- tions in Helena will be volcd upon by party officials al a special slate GOP reorganization conven- tion here Saturday. The delegate convenlion is one of three separate gatherings, usu- ally held at Ihe same lime, which have been conducted by both ma- jor political parties in pasl years. It was (he only one which slale law specified must be held in the Capital City. Eliminated in Rewriting Actually, the 1965 Legislature in rcwriling major portions of Ihe eleclion laws eliminated the sec- rctiuiring the delegate con- National- H. L-. H. 1. Bllllnes ......_ 74 57 Bismarck .._ 03 48 Belgrade 70 40 Calgary 74 44 Broadus ......74 50 clilcajro 03 51 Dutlc 70 3D Denver 78 48 Cut Bank 12 43 Las Vcsns 86 63 Dillon 72 47 Los CB .S31 Dnimmond 73 42 Mnis.-st. P'I 67 53 vcntion lo be held in Helena Olassow 75 49 Great Falls 76 53 Havre ____ 70 51 llelent___75 Knltspcll 74 51 Salt Lake 70 <3 Lewlslown 63 55 San Fran. Livingston 73 45 Seattle MUCK City 75 53 Snofru tie New Orleans 88 07, N. York City 70 12! P'tland. Ore. 82 50 St. Louis ic W. Y'WAtone 3late precipitation: Glasgow. .02. National precipitation: calenry, 71 BI 19 Chicago, MInncaDolls-at. Paul, .00; New York city, .43; St. txnil.i, .02; Wash- Innton, D.O., .B2, In shortening Ihe Icnglh of the general election campaign, by changing the dales of the primary elections held on even-numbered years, Ihe Assembly left consid- DIIUKHMC -rj wash., n.c. oo 55 crable more power to (he Iwo major parlies. Each was Riven a broader scope in writing its own rules of conduct. Specifically, the Legislature .01; moved MIL- primary elections froin.'dny in August. This cut about 101 The proposed new Republican Ihe first Tuesday in June lo (he first Tuesday afler the Ihird Mon- campaign. Democrats Are Seeking New State Executive Secretary (Independent Itccnrd Slate Bureau) special committee of Montana Democrats will meet in Missoula tonight for the first screening of candidates seeking to be (he party's new executive secretary. Stale Chairman Fred Barrett of Chester said several persons arc being considered for the post from which Dr. Joseph Kelly re- signed May 14, Kelly had held Ihe job since March, 1963, and had been in charge of the Demo- crats' full-lime office in Helena. Barrell said none of the appli- cants would be interviewed al (he meeting, which is being held in advance of two olhcr 'Demo- cratic galhcrings in the Garden City. These are a slate convcn tion of Democratic Women's Clubs and a Jefferson-Jackson weeks from Ihe general eleclion of a 25-incmbcr special committee appointed by GOP Chairman Mel get a final going over by the com- mittee at a prc-convention meet- ing Friday morning at 9 o'clock ?it Jorgcnson's. Sen. William U. Mackay, R-Carbon, who was co- aulhor of the eleclion law change bill with Sen. John J. MacDonald, D-Garfield, is chairman of Ihe Republican committee. Day dinner al which Sen. Lee Mctcalf will be the speaker. The special committee which is screening candidates for the; post includes Barrett as chair-'1 of man. Others are Norma Keil of .Tnc Sroup has come up wilh a Ledger, Joe Keber of Helena, imnc'Pafie' nine-section formal of Henry Anderson of Libby and Helena, and Lester Rutledge of Big Sandy. Mrs. Keil is vice chair- man of the Democratic slate cen- tral commillee. Kelly's resignation, lo become a teacher and vice president of Webster College at SI. Louis, was known lo Democratic leaders in advance, Barrett said, tie added the parly has not sought appli- cants for Ihe job bill is consider- ing several persons. "We have no he added, "but when we decide one of them is Hie one we waul, we'll hire him." rules. Some changes are possible at the Friday morning meeting, but generally these are expected lo be the rules to be submitted lo Ihe convention Saturday, prob- ably in the afternoon meeting. Registration for the convention opens at 9 a.m. tomorrow al Ihe Holiday and the first convenlion session is set for p.m. al the Civic Center. Englcs will preside and is lo appoint committees on credentials, rules rind resolutions. Gov. Tim Uabcock, who will be introduced by LI. Gov. Ted James, is to speak. His talk is billed as ,1 (Continued on Page 7)
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