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Independent Record (Newspaper) - August 6, 1945, Helena, Montana Invest in Victory Buy Bonds Today Vol. Il-No. 257 deend d Helena, Montana, Monday, August 6, 1945 Back Attack With War Bonds Price Five Bomb Dropped Witness Says French Hid Arms, Food General Gives Petain Credit for Work of Underground Factories By Relman Morin Paris, Aug. Pico Andart testified at the treason trial of Marshal Petain today that French troops were ordered by Gen. Maxine Wey- gand at the time of the armi- stice to hide all military equip- ment. They concealed francs of war materiel from the Germans and an equal amount of food and raw materials by the end of 1942, he asserted. Andart said underground fac- tories, at the order of Petain, started building machine-gun car- riers as early as 1941 and pro-i duced 270 of them in one year.' The general said Petain congratu- lated him for his part in the ac- tivity and ordered him to con- tinue his work. "Pierre Laval knew of this but he did not appear to be Interest- the witness said. Andiirt said the French hid and produced enough equipment for 24 divi- sions, except for heavy artillery and tanks. General Weygand, a previous witness, was French commander at the time of the armistice. Called Patriot Pierre Mcrillon. French dele- gate to the United Nations confer cnre at San Francisco, sent Sen. Hiram Johnson, Foe of Charter, Dies in Washington Washington, Aug. Sen. Htrnm W. Johnson of Cal- ifornia, militant opponent of the League of Nations nnd the San Francisco charter for United Nations organization, died today at 71) years. Mrs. Johnson was with licr husband when ho died. His son, lit. Col. lllrain W. John- son, Jr., left San Francisco lust night by plane but failed to, arrive before the .senator died. His political activities tcndcd over a third of a cen- tury covering some of the most stirring events in tho nation's history. A striking figure in the sen- ate since first elected to con- gress in 1016, he played a lead- ing part in defeating President Wilson's of Xatlons covenant and later in oppos- ing United States' adherence to tho world court. Stalin Makes First Bid for Power In Mediterranean Disposition of Former Italian Holdings To Cause Controversy Aug. Stalin door at Potsdam for Russia's pos- Four More Nip Cities Hit By Superforts Mass of Flames Left By 580 Bombers Hitting Homeland By Murlin Spencer Guam, Aug. more Japanese cities were left in a mass of flames hy 580 Superfortresses today and their destruction appeared certain, returning crewmen reported. Waves of B-23s dropped ap- proximately 3.850 tons of in- cendiaries on the industrial cities of Nishinomiya, Maebashl, Ima- Iiaii and Eaga, and demolition bombs on the coal liquefaction company at Ube. One Superfort failed to return. Over Nishinomiya, however, one pilot reported seeing more flak, more fighters and more searchlights thai in recent forays over Japan. Fires could be seen 150 miles at sea. Once again on all but helpless that the big bombers were coming on a mis- sion of unable offer effective resistance. Hit nt Tokyo Yesterday air raid sirens screamed throughout Tokyo in a warning that 100 P-51 Mustangs opened the had leturned to strike terror with Superforts Lay Mine Fields rockets and machine guns against sible emergence as a Mediter- anything they could find, in the ranean power. Tokjo area. Focal point for future discus-1 The in two raids Aug. 2 slon will be disposition of Italy's and today have sown tons alone-time possessions. of dreaded fire and demolition came to the t.ial fiom Santa Bar-1 Diplomatic reports received here bombs on Japanese cities in warn- baia Calif, describing Petain as! say that Italian islands ,n the ings to the people of Japan to a man who solved France with I Mediterranean, especially Pautel- surrender unconditionally, "perfect patriotism and leria. will constitute a storm They have burned out approxl- ,nd ''with aU his power and'center of considerably greater mately 1GO square miles of war- ana wiui ou political significance than thej producing cities since the first The cable was lead as the former Axis paitnei's North, fire raid on Tokyo March 3. thlid week of the trial opened, [African colonies. Effective just before Gen. Henri Lacailln testified that Winston Churchill told a Vichy representative to Great Britain: ,n weeks ago with a lequest, later granted, for Soviet participation In a scheduled conference to re- stoie Spanish-occupied Tangiers to While the newest series of In- cendiary raids has always been preceded by warnings to civilians to flee to safety, their effective- ness was told bluntly In a single Were Separated stoi e Bpanisn-occupjKu i miB'eio "We have been momentarily, international status. Tankers is sentence in f.eneral SpaaUs separated. Let us try not to dam- directly opposite Gibraltar at the communique reporting on 'western gateway to tho Meditei-'the rccoid raid Aug. wicl. ranean. Russia also has shown a steadily on age each other any further The representative was a Colonel Groussard, whom the de-, tense tlesciibed as a former mem-, increasing interest in the previous- ber of the pro-Fascist Cagoulard hy British-dominated European sea and as present representative of 1 with Soviet demands for icnegotiA- govcrnment in tion of the Dardanelles' interna- tional administration and of her treaty with Officials here acquainted with such matters say Soviet Interest the De Oiiille Switzerland. The general said Groussard was, sent to London to inquire if Great Britain could assist the French ills results of the strike in the early hours of Aug. 2 shov. that the imlus'rial area o Toynma was totally (tiEA Tcleshoto) Complete shipping of Japan has been nd.io.ved by B-20 Superfort.s by sowing .nines at all homeland ports and other strategic areas from Korea to SoMct-Mnnchurhi horde.- in greatest nci lal mining operations in history. Principal points covered to bar enemy .shipping arc show on this map. Western Mining Problems to Be Talked At Two-Day Hearing Scheduled For Helena by Senate Subcommittee Problems of western mining men and proposals for legislation to stimulate postwar development of the industry will be heard in Helena tomorrow and Wednesday by a senate on min- ing and the minerals Industry. Sen. Jamns E. Murray (D- chairman of the senate small business committee and that group's mining subcommittee, was expected to arrive late today from Butte, where preliminary plans for tho hearing were drawn. Other the While Tangier itself appears little more than a wedge, consider- on Honshu fronting the Japan sea, and had the empire's largest aluminum plant. lllLie more uitiu ii wKusy. CUIIMUCI- able controversy is foi'eshadowcd Has Joined Allies when the Big Three got down toi details on former Italian posses- in Liberating ISlanaS slons. The Potsdam communique ___ showed that Russia wanted these placed under trusteeship, but It indicated that President Truman and Prime jected. Minister Attlee ob- with mllitaiy aid in North Africa in the western Meditei ranean was Lacaille did not say whether the'made more evident at Potsdam. British made commitments. Most of his testimony was concerned with the material weakness of the French auny in the years immedi- ately preceding the war. Enemy Counterattack Is Beaten Back By MacArthur's Men Manila, Aug. ately counterattacking Japanese were beaten back as they thrust vainly against the tightening Fili- pino-American noose around Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashtta's last hide- out on Luzon, General MacArthur reported today. The 32nd division meanwhile offered a 45-day fur- lough in the United the capture of "any live Japanese general." Yamashlta, whose title has faded from "Tiger of Malaya" to "The Gopher of Lu- is still alive and leading his troops' last-ditch fight in the rug- ged mountains north of Baguio, some Filipinos insist. MacArthur's communique re- ported Japanese dead were counted and 444 prisoners cap- tured In the last week raising total enemy losses In the Philip- JIUi. pines campaign to the German people. We shall as- American losses for the week: gist you to build your life on a Revived Dutch Air Force Manila. Aug. The Royal Netherlands Indies air Informs Germans They May Engage in Politics Berlin, Aug. Eisenhower told Germans in the U. S. occupation zone today that they may form local unions and engage In political activities with the aim of helping prepare for tho coming winter, -which, he pre- dicted will be hard. "Full freedom to form trade unions and to engage in demo- cratic political activities wrill be extended rapidly in those areas In which you show a readiness for healthy exercise of Elsenhower these priv- sald In a proclamation read over the Ber- lin radio. "We do not desire to degrade 27 dead, 61 wounded. Baseball Results By The Associated Prcni. American League Detroit 020 004 6 11 0 Chicago 100 000 281 Benton and Swift; Lopat and Tresh. Cleveland at St. Louis (2) night. National League Brooklyn-Boston, postponed, rain. St. Louls-Plttsbugh, postponed, wet grounds. games force, units rebuilt snatched from from scattered Japanese- conquered Indies Islands, is hit- ting a new morale peak as It joins the new Allied offensive against its former homeland. Although only a small part of the vast Allied air forces in the Pacific, some units already are operating at Balikpapan, a stra- tegic base for the bombing of Java. Another unit based In northern Dutch New Guinea lias been striking Japanese Installa- tions In Netherlands territory for months. lass Buck (R-Dcl.) and Glen H. Taylor Rep. Claire Engel an honorary member of the Montana Mining association, also planned to attend the hearings. Moie than a score of western mining men were arriving for the sessions, including Robert S. Palmer of Denver, secretary of the Colorado metal mining fund, and Carl J. Trauerman of Butte, manager of the Montana Mining association. Members of the Last Chance Gulch Mining association of Hel- ena planned to appear In behalf of proposals for a mine-to-markct road building program. Also to be discussed is the possible need for a subsidy system for the mining industry- Congress recently approved ex- tension of a subsidy plan on a noncancellable basis until June 30, but President Truman, In signing tho bill, said ha would call for cancellation of subsidies If the need for such production stimulation expired before that time Reid Robinson of Denver, pres- ident of the International Mine. Mill and Smelter Woikers" union was expected to appear in behalf of the subsidy progiam. Robert Porter of Helena, piesldcnt of the Montana Mining associa- tion, also planned to discuss the subsidy program. Federal financing of small mines also is on the agenda. Min- ing men say that the reconstruc- tion finance corporation has not approved any loans for gold prop- city since the lifting of the war- time ban on gold mining. Helena operatois contend that a definite federal financing plan must be available. Trauciman and William C. Broadgalc, technical consultant for the subcommittee, were niak- ng final arrangements for the hearings today. Senators May Ask Setup of World Security Council President Would Keep Power to Call For Use of Troops By .lack Bi-ll Washington, Aug. Senate leaders wcro report eel to- day to have decided to ask con- gress to set up the office of world secuiity council delegate without limiting tho president's authoi- Ity to USP troops. The decision to bring tho Issue Truman Tells Of Great ScientificGain Missile Using Pent-Up Power of Universe Is Answer to Peace Bid Refusal; Each Bomb Equals Tons of TNT Washington, Aug. atomic bomb which looses pent-up forces of the universe equivalent to more than tons of TNT and represents one of the greatest scientific ad- vances of history has been dropped on Japan. President Truman told today of the terrific destructive power packed into the missile which was dropped 16 hours ago on Hiroshima, an important Japanese army base. His statement released by the White House, said the bomb "added a new and revolutionary increase in destruction" on the Japanese home- land. This awful bomb is the answer, President Truman's state- ment said, to Japan's failure to heed the Potsdam demand that she surrender unconditionally at once or face utter destruc- tion. The product of spent in research and produc- greatest scientific gamble in Mr. Truman atomic bomb has been one of the most closely guarded secrets of the war. Franklin D. Roosevelt and Win- ston Churchill gave Ilio signal to start work on harnessing the forces of the atom. Mr. Truman salt! the Germans worked fevcr- ishly, but railed to solve the prob- lem. Mr. Thuman added: "It is an atomic bomb. It Is a harnessing of the basic power of tho universe. Tho force from which the bun Uranium, Essential To Atomic Bomb, Found in America drawn Its power has been loosed against those who biou-ht war to the Far East." Mnlur Nip Base Tho hase that was hit is a ma- jor quartermaster depot and has laige ordnance, machine tool and aircraft plants. Tho raid on Hiroshima, located on Honshu island on the shores of tho Inland sea, had not been disclosed previously although the 20lh air force on Guam an- nounced that 680 Siiperforts raided four Japanese cities at about the samo time. Tho president disclosed that the Germans "worked fcveiishly" In search of n way to use atomic New 17. S. Bombs Carry Seven Times Force Thar Blasted Halifax New York. Aug. faint Idea of tho power within the atomic bomb: On June C, 1317, a munitions ship blew up Halifax, N. S sons weie killed, injured, made homeless, two and one-half square miles of the city devastated. That munitions ship carried 000 tons of one- seventh of the equivalent of the new bomb. Montana, National Weather Forecast, Helena and Tlclnlty except for scattered thun- dei storms Tuesday. Wanner Tues- day. democratic basis." "Justice and education founded on their liberal principles will be supported vigorously." I Tho American member of tho I Allied control council declared there must be no Idleness, add- Montana Max. Billings 82 Belgrade 84 Broartus Butte 80 Custer S4 Cut Bank............. SO I.im.Pcp. 67 4fi ing all signs pointed shortages this winter. to food Ho said there would bo no coal for homo- heating and the people would have to gather wood. Japs Fnco Tnip San Francisco, Aug. Two mountain-battling Austra- lian columns are within IS miles of a Juncture that will encircle and. Isolate, the most Important Japanese defense forces left In New Guinea, tho Melbourne radio reported In a broadcast monitored here by the American Broadcast- Ing company. Dillon S2 Driimmond 83 Glasgow Rt Great Falls.......... 7fi Havre 82 Jlclcnn S3 Kallspell Lowlstowii 78 Livingston 80 Miles City............ 82 Mlssoula S7 Sfi v 52 47 r.s 52 47 50 50 ,15 68 Tlio official Helena tempera- ture nt S o'clock was National Bismarck, N. D. Cheyenne, Wyo.... Chicago, 111......... Denver, Colo..... Fargo, N. D. Huron, S. D. Kansas City, Mo. Los Augoles Mpls.-St. Paul New Orleans. Ln... New York, N. Y. North Plnlte, Nob. Omnhn, Neb........ St. Louis, Mo. Snn Francisco...... Seattle, Wnsh. Sheridan, Wyo. Washington, D. C, Wllllston, N. D. Max. Mln. Pep. 7S 77 80 S2 80 Dl sn 77 SI 81 Sli fin 81 SI 87 en 57 57 65 60 fil 5f, 72 f.fi 7B fil G5 74 50 CO B2 72 RO T .6 .20 .13 .GG .01 .18 in a collision In harbor; per- Spanish Newspaper Says Truman and Attlee Bowed Down to Stalin Lisbon, Aug. newspaper A Voz said editorially today that President Truman and Prime Minister Attlee submitted entirely to the will of General- issimo Stalin at Potsdam and Ig- nored tho rights of small nation; while granting Russia all she Wanted In reparations. Referring to tho Big Three's ban upon the Franco government of Spain, A Voz snid "despite Rus- sia's friendly relations with Ja- pan, nobody thought of excluding her from the Leacuo of United Nations, and the fact that Rus sla. joined with Germany In loh- blng Poland also was entirely forgotten." It predicted Russia would treat Turkey "like a little protege." West Yellow-1 mo SO Whitehall 82 This data for 24-hour period ending a. m. furnished by U. S. weather bureau, Helena. tonight and Tuesday except widely scattered thun- derstorms. Llttlo change In temperature tonight, becoming warmer Tuesday. Sun Dance Slnvts Pino Itldge, S. D., Aug. -Clad only In buckskin breech cloths and brown war paint, Slou braves of the Pino Ridge reserva tlon began todny the mcasuret tread of the tribe's historic sun dance ns an Indian prayer for .victory over Japan. quarely before n October was energy In their war effort failed. Meantime American but and tho legislators said to have jecn icached by Democratic Deader Barkley (Ky.) and Chair- nan Connally (D-Texns) of the orelpn relations committee. Neither would comment on hesc reports, but It was learned hey had dismissed any thought hat President Truman might name Kdward R. Stettlnlus, Jr, 'ormer secretary of state, as the lelegale and proceed without 'urther congressional action. Indications now are that the administration leaders plan to nopose merely a simple rcsolu- ion fixing Stettinius' status as an ambassador, rcciuiiine senate eonfii mation, and making him a The this country should vote on the peace- keeping council. A final decision on terms of tha leglsaltion aw.iits a confer- ence between Secretary of State Byrnes and Connaliy, probably this week. Senator Vandenberg (R-Mlch.) proposed yesterday that the pres- ident havo a free nand to vote for tho use of American military con- tingents assigned to the security council but that ho be required to obtain prior congressional con- sent for any additional forces. Secrecy president disclosed that British scientists studied the problem and developed two prin- cipal plants and some leaser fac- tories for the production of atomic power. Work The more than persons now aie woiking in great secrecy In tl.csc plants, adding: "Wo have spent on the greatest scientific gamble in hls- won." "We are now prepared lo oblit- erate more rapidly nnd complete- ly every productive, enterprise the Japanese have above ground in lepuly of the president, latter would decide how Pitchblende Deposits Used to Produce Lustrous White Metal New York, Aug. nium, which has been announced as essential to production of the atomic bomb, la a lustrous white metal which does not exist In pure form In nature, but comes from pitchblende, the source of ra- dium, or carnotlte, a canary-yel- low mineral found In. sandstone. There are both pitchblende and carnotite deposits In the United States. Thoro Is pitchblende in Austria, England, Russia, Sweden and Norway. There Is carnotlte In Australia, and Portugal. Both minerals probably occur else- wheie in deposits not yet proven. Uranium salts have been used for many years in coloring por- celain yellow, orange, brown and dark green. Uranium In purified fnrin IB used also In alloying steel to make high-speed tools. The salts have been used In photog- raphy. The uranium 236 which was the prewar basis of atomic explosives, Is a rare form, which differs from ordinary iiiaiiium only In atomic weight. Otherwise the 235 is ex- actly tho samo for industrial pur- poses. But 235, before tho war, was the only form of uranium whoso atoms could split Into two nearly-equal parts when, hit by rays_ any city. We. shall completely j Unuljum 13 radio-active, like destroy Japan's power to make radium, but less powerful. A bit of uranium In tho laboratory of tho French scientist, Becquerel fogged a photographic plate with its rays and led the curies to discover radium. Atomic Bomb Delivers Punch Equal to That of B-29s Washington, Aug. The atomic, bomb announced by President Truman tndny packs a punch equivalent to tlmt normally delivered by U-2DH. Tho president, snlil tho mis- sile has mi force equal to tons TNT. Assuming It-at) carrle.s n bomb load of 10 toiw of TNT, four BOO-plnno rnlds by the world's blRRcst bombers would be ncccssnry to eqnnl In
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