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Montana Standard (Newspaper) - May 2, 1972, Butte, Montana Military not new problem (C) Chicago Dally News CHICAGO The general had a problem. Everywhere he looked, his men were deserting going underground, going to Canada, even aiding the enemy. And he had a war to win. Perhaps he thought he should declare an amnesty for those who had left the service of their country. But that was another problem, more confounding than the first. For on the one hand there were young men "deluded, ignorant, duped by artifices and a thousand causes to lead them wrong." On ths other hand were "many of well-informed un- derstanding...whose only view in returning may be to serve their own sordid purposes and the better to promote those plans, they have steadily pursued." The general, of course, was George Washington, the year 1777, the dilemma one that 200 years of American history lias not yet resolved. Today, an American soldier calls it quits every six minutes. During the past fiscal year, nearly young men deserted from the American armed forces. They jointed thousands of others who chose to face life in exile rather than death in Vietnam or life in the army. The issue of amnesty for these young men is the last wisp of contention to emerge from the pandora's box of Vietnam. It is no more susceptible to resolution now than it was for George Washington. Sen. Robert Taft Jr., the mild-mannered Ohio Republican, was the first to propose amnesty for America's reluctant foreign legion. Taft proposed that draft resisters be permitted to return to full citizenship if they agreed to serve three years in the armed forces or in civilian programs such as VISTA. Edward Koch, a Democratic congressman from New York, introduced a similar proposal in the house, requirng two years of service rather than three. Neither measure included deserters, neither has been acted upon. But they did spark a national the character and PARDON Page 6 Montana Standard Butte-Anaconda, Montana, 96th 276 Good Morning, It's Tuesday, May 2, 1972 10 Cents South Vietnam troops retreat from Quang Tri SAIGON (AP) The South Vietnamese abandoned Quang Tri on Monday, giving the Communists command control of a broad strip of strategic territory just below the demilitarized zone and a springboard for attacks deep into the against Hue. The Quang Tri loss was Hanoi's first major triumph in the 33-day old offensive. On another front in the cen- tral highlands, South Vietnam- ese forces drew back closer to the threatened provincial capi- tal of Kontum City, abandoning fire base Lima six miles to the north on Highway 14. Two ranger battalions numbering up to 800 men left the base at dusk on foot and withdrew to the south. The base had been under heavy enemy pressure. To the east along the central coastal plain, Communist-led forces threatened to overrun the last remaining South Viet- namese strongpoints in north- ern Binh Dinh Province. About 400 rounds of shells hit Landing Zone English, a regimental command post tow miles north of the fallen district town of Bong Son. The Saigon com- mand said casualties were moderate. Bong Son and two other dis- tricts in northern Binh Dinh fell earlier to the enemy, giving the Communists control of a large area with a population of 000 and an important rice crop. Saigon began to feel the first twitches of war nerves in the offensive as some officials pre- dicted possible rocket attacks on the capital itself. In the air war, the U.S. Com- mand disclosed that a Navy F4 Phantom fighter-bomber was shot down last Thursday near the coastal city of Thanh Hoa, about 80 miles south of Hanoi. The two crewmen were report- ed missing. Disclosure of the loss was withheld while search and rescue operations were un- der way. U.S. officers in Da Nang said fuel and ammunition left be- hind at the Quang Tri combat base, 2% miles northwest of the city, was destroyed by U.S. B52 strikes. Twenty-four artillery pieces in and around the city and communications equip- ment that could not be carried out also were destroyed, the officer's said. Sixteen American advisers who remained behind with the South Vietnamese were able to leave the city with their units, the officers at Da Nang said. Eighty other Americans and 49 South Vietnamese were ex- tracted in a daring helicopter rescue operation. A U.S. A1E Skyraider bomb- er, flying with the helicopters to suppress ground fire, and an 02 forward observer plane were shot down during the res- cue. The sky raider pilot was picked up; the fate of the sec- ond was not known, military officials said. Quang Tri became the first South Vietnamese provincial capital to fall in the offensive that began March 30. Seattle weekly claims D. B. Cooper interview SEATTLE (AP) Two top federal law enforcement offi- cials have declined to comment on a published interview pur- ported to have been made in March with the airplane hijacker known as D. B. Cooper. The interview was published Butte council delays urban renewal action ByPAMSWIGER Standard Staff Writer City council consideration of a proposed urban renewal project in Butte will have to wait two weeks, aldermen decreed Monday night. Ervin Holman moved for the delay, noting that he has arranged a meeting of residents in the target area for Thursday at p.m. in St. Joseph School gym, He expects various Model City and city officials to be present to an- swer questions of the residents, Holman said. He told aldermen in a committee of the whole meeting that he wanted to be sure the people of the area were considered and in favor of the project. Holman said he would see to it pensioners in the area were relocated and widows cared for. HIS POINTS on relocation benefits were somewhat covered by Model City director Jim Murphy who presented the package outline. Murphy said benefits would include up to for differential payments (between appraised value of homeowner's property and the cost of a suitable replacement dwelling within his interest costs ar.d incidentals such as legal and appraisal fees. Moving costs up to are also provided, and similar benefits for owners of multiple-family apartment dwellings. Renters may not be displaced until they find, or refuse, suitable replacement housing, defined as rent and utilities within 25 per cent of total income. Murphy said rehabilitation loans up to at 3 per cent interest, and grants up to for low income persons will be available to owners in the area who are not displaced. The program will not reach the council again until May 17. Murphy emphasized he was just asking authority to begin study for a detailed ap- Anderson, Times win Pulitiiers NEW YORK (AP) After unprecedented debate, trustees of Columbia University awarded the 1972 Pulitzer prizes Monday, in- cluding a public service award to the New York Times for its publication of the Pentagon papers. "Had the selections been those of the trustees alone, cer- tain of the recipients would not have been the trustees said in an extra- ordinary covering letter ac- companying the announcement of awards. The trustees expressed "deep reservations about the timeliness and suitability of certain of the journalism awards." The statement did not specify which recipients were referred to. The national reporting award went to columnist Jack Anderson for his reporting American secret papers in the American decision-making during the Indian-Pakistani war of 1971, which aroused almost as much controversy as the Pentagon papers' publication. For the first time since 1968, there was no Pulitzer award for drama this year. The fiction prize went to "Angle of by Wallace E. Stegner, a professor of Eng- lish at Stanford University, one of two faculty members of that West Coast school winning arts awards. The Pulitzer for PULITIZERPagee Monday by the Seattle Flag, a biweekly which said it obtained the interview "completely by accident" and was convinced of its authenticity. "No immediate was the word from both Seattle FBI chief J. Earl Milnes and U.S. Atty. Stan Pltkln. "Cooper" has been the sub- ject of an FBI investigation since last Thanksgiving eve, when a hijacker com- mandeered a Northwest Airlines jet between Portland and Seattle, was given and four parachutes, then apparently bailed out of the Boeing 727 while it flew from Seattle to Reno, Nev. In a copyrighted article and transcript, the Flag said it was offered the taped interview for publication in late March by "a friend of a staffer" who claimed to have interviewd the hijacker. The newspaper said it met all conditions for publishing the transcript, including strict confidentiality, payment of and not releasing the material before May 1. The Flag said the unnamed interviewed provided as sub- stantiation a picture of a bill which the newspaper said it determined through a bank to be one of the marked bills giv- en the hijacker. "The Flag has spent consid- erable effort verifying the in- the newspaper said. "We have yet to find a flaw. With the missing bill which the interviewer supplied, we must conclude that (the tran- script) is the only authentic in- terview with D. B. Cooper in existence." The interview was conducted "in the metropolitan area of Seattle sometime in the month of the newspaper said. The man labeled "Cooper" in the transcript identified himself as a former Boeing Co. employe familiar with 727 design and as an experienced skydiver. When he bailed out, COOPER Page 6 NORTH VIETNAM SOUTH VIETNAM SOUTH VIETNAMESE troops abandoned the city of Quang Tri Monday. The capture gives the enemy command over a broad strip of land in the northern sector and provides a springboard for an attack on Hue. (AP Wirephoto) GAA, Ford indicted WASHINGTON (AP) The nation's two largest auto manu- facturers, General Motors and Ford were indicted by a federal grand jury Monday on charges of conspiring to restrict competition in the fleet market, the Justice Department announced. The two-Count indictment was filed together with a companion civil suit in U.S. District Court in Detroit. General Motors and Ford quickly responded. Ford said, "accusations in the in- dictment are not and GM said it will seek an immediate trial, con- fident it will be vindicated and the government's charges shown to have "no basis in fact." The indictment and complaint charges that General Motors and Ford have connived and conspired with NADA, Peterson, Howell Heather and others who are unnamed, to unreasonably restrain and monopolize the manufacture, sale and distribution of automobiles for the fleet market. The market, which consists of large- volume automobile purchases ac- counted for approximately 12 per cent of the new cars registered in the United States in 1969. During that year, approximately one million automobiles, having a value of about billion, were sold or leased in the fleet market. GM and Ford currently account for about 75 per cent of automobiles sold. No confrocf-no work policy keeping carpenters off job Butte carpenters stayed off an uncounted number of construction jobs Monday. No picket lines were posted immediately, however, and other building crafts were working as usual. Although officials of Car- penters Local 112 and some of the 16 firms belonging to the Butte Contractors Association avoided using the term the stoppage had some of the general effect of a strike. The union has adopted a position of no contract-no work. The old one-year agreement expired at midnight Sunday. VARIOUS PARTIES said the present dispute is over a clause relating to grievance procedure, not about money. The carpenters will have a regular union meeting Thur- sday night. The contractors, through their negotiating representative, the Silver Bow Employers Association, said they are awaiting any developments which may come CARPENTERS Page 6 Butte weather Sunny and warmer. Cooler Wednesday. Today's outlook: 56 and 20. Weather map, Page. 2. Land swap suit A federal court complaint filed Monday asks an injunction to block land exchanges between the Forest Service and Burlington Northern which are part of the projected Big Sky development near Bozeman. .The injunction is asked by National Forest Preservation Group, described in the complaint as a non-profit Montana corporation of about 25 members, organized in 1970 and drawing its membership LAND Page 6 Butte youth dies in street accident caper John F. Hartz, 13, a West Junior High School student, died Monday morning of in- juries suffered when struck by a car at Montana and Park. The mishap occurred at while the boy, who lives with his mother at 53 W. Park, was walking to school. Death resulted about two hours later in Silver Bow General Hospital. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Harry A. Hartz. The body is in Sayatovic- White's Funeral Home, where arrangements will be an- nounced. Coroner Leo Jacobsen said he has not decided yet on an inquest. POLICE CHIEF Bob Russell said the driver, according to information from detective Joe Keller and patrolman Pat Burns, was Patrick J. Flet- cher, 1101 W. Gold, a special agent for the FBI who ap- parently was driving to work. Fletcher, distraught over the accident, was taken to St. FATAL Page 6 Judqe overturns Boyle's election 9 _ _____ It could be loss of memory I belted Willie hard enough on the head the other night. WASHINGTON (AP) A U.S. District Court judge Mon- day overturned the 1969 elec- tion of United Mine Workers President W. A. "Tony" Boyle. Judge William Bryant agreed with the government's contention that the union used union money and facilities to conduct an irregularity- studded election weighted in Boyle's favor. Bryant instructed the Justice Department to submit on May 8 an order detailing how a new election should be conducted under the supervision of the secretary of labor. In a lengthy opinion following a six-month trial, Bryant wrote that in order to find for the union, "the court would be forced to swim up- stream against the tide of evidence too strong to resist." "The walls of justice are closing in on Tony said Attorney Joseph Rauh one of the parties in the complex legal action. There was no immediate comment from union officials. While the judge's decision may be appealed, the effect of the District Court action cannot be halted by a stay. In the bitter 1969 campaign, Boyle defeated an insurgent union faction led by presidential candidate Joseph A. "Jock" Yablonski. Yablonski, his wife and daughter were Shot to death in their Pennsylvania home just three weeks after the election. Two persons have pleaded guilty to the murders and two more have been convicted in the case. The investigation is continuing. No estimate was available on when the new election would be Called to choose the three top officers of the international un- BOYLEPageG Humphrey and McGovern lock horns Mnnnimrn nnH Humnhrfiv. rw-mnrrata in the District of delegates, and the c JOHN HARTZ By WALTER R. MEARS AP Political Writer Seas. Hubert H. Humphrey and George S. McGovern roamed their Ohio campaign battleground Monday, hunting votes on the eve of a primary election likely to install one of them as the man to beat in the Democratic presidential con- test. Ohio offered the main event on a card of four Tuesday pres- idential primaries in states that will cast B total nf 9R1 nominating votes at the Democratic National Con- vention. The Ohio share is 153 dele- gate votes. McGovern and Humphrey were the chief con- tenders there, colliding headon after the separate victories that knocked Sen. Edmund S. Muskie of Maine out of active contention in the primaries. Humphrey claimed a boost because of Muskie's Ohio drop- out, but McGovern said he saw a rhsnce of srorinp in unset there and capturing a majority of the delegates. While he concentrated on Ohio and McGoyern, Hum- phrey also was facing Alabama Gov. George C. Wallace Tuesday in next-door Indiana, where a total of 76 convention votes are at stake. As in Ohio, Muskie remains on the Indiana ballot Respite his campaign dropout. Sen. Henry M. Jfickson of Washington campaigned in Ohio, too, sniping at both McGovern and Humphrey. Jackson called McGovern a leftwinger, and accused Humphrey of sidestepping is- sues in an effort to be every- one's friend. Wallace also was seeking to defend his political base in Tuesday's Alabama primary, which will elect 29 members of the 37-vote delegation. Home- state political foes challenged the governor as he sought to capture at least a majority of the elected delegates. Democrats in the District of Columbia, which will have 15 convention choose delegates in a Tuesday pri- mary. The competition there was between Walter E. Faunt- roy, the District delegate to Congress, running as a favorite son, and a slate of uncom- mitted delegates. Ohio has no presidential preference primary, hut the names of the candidates ap- pear above their slates of delegates, and the contest was clear. In Ohio, about 2.4 million people were eligible to vote, and a heavy turnout was fore- cast. The Democrats will choose 38 convention delegates on a statewide basis, the rest in congressional districts. Delegate slates are on the ballot for Humphrey, McGovern, Muskte, Jackson and former Sen. Eugene J. McCarthy.
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