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Moberly Monitor-Index (Newspaper) - May 31, 1940, Moberly, Missouri and MOBERLY EVENING DEMOCRAT 8 Pages VOLUME 21 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRE SERVICE! MOBEELY, MISSOUEI, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 31, 1940 MOBKRJLY 8IONITOR. ESTABLISHED 1868 JUOBICULX INDEX. EST. 1016 SIOBEJRLY DEMOCRAT, JEST. ISTS to Join Germans in Mussolini, However, May Strike Before Announcing His Intentions It Fascists Keep Their Flans Secret and Maintain Close Watch on Greece BERLJN, May 31 Adolf Hitler received Italy's new am- bassador, Dino Alfieri, today at his headquarters near the West- ern Front. Foreign Minister Joa- chim Von Ribbentrop was pres- ent at the meeting, DNB, official German news agency, announced. To Move First HOME, May 31 Italian close to the government said to- day that any announcement of Italy's entrance into the Euro- pean war probably would come only after the Italian forces al- ready had moved and that the world probably would learn of the first actions from points out- side Italy. Widespread belief that Italian participation was imminent came from Premier Mussolini's call for a cabinet meeting next .Tuesday to discuss "important matters. Italy assured Greece five days ago that her neutrality would be safe from any Italian attack, a competent source disclosed. Italy's assurance of her desire to keep peace in the Balkans, however, was understood reliably to depend on the success of those states in maintaining their neu- trality against the Allies who have been accused of seeking to spread the war there. Keep Plans Secret Fascist authorities, keeping their plans secret, closely watch- ed British and French activity in Greece where, they said, an Allied move toward Salonika .would brine; an immediate Italian in- vasion of the Balkans.' One in- formant said Italy would refrain from taking the initiative there, Fascists disclaimed knowledge of the reported visit of German Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels to Adolf Hitler's headquarters which, a Nazi source in Berlin said, might be to prepare, for announcement of Italy's entry into the war. Sources close to the govern- ment predicted it would come as in the Ethiopian war, only alter Italian forces already had moved. By F. Lochner With the German Army on the Western Front. May 31 (AP) Word spread today through the zone of operations that a com- munication of the greatest impor- tance has been received from It- aly The general opinion was that Premier Mussolini's ent- rance into the war was only a question of brief time, possibly a few days. This information, if correct, is believed to mean that Adolf Hit- ler considers the French air force no longer a formidable military factor. An understanding was said to exist that Italian premier would come in after any formidable danger of attack from the air of his industrial region, fronting on France, had been removed. I am with Germany's war ma- chine again this time places like Lille and Arras and possibly Calais are ultimate goals. A Gap Near Sedan Meanwhile, we are having an opportunity to study the gap m the Maginot line extension be- tween Sedan and Maubeuge forc- ed by German strategy. All signs point to a complete surprise to the French by the Germans. France ought not to have been surprised. A source which is con- sider gilt-edge told me that the French intelligence had advance word of the plan for forcing a gap at Sedan. It was suggested, however, that the French general staff was so convinced that the old Schlieffen plan, which calls for a wide sweep- ing move into France via Belgium, would be followed to the letter that it did not deem likely that Germany would try at the same time to come by way of Luxem- bourg through the Ardennes mountains. Or if it came, only weak forces were to be expected. Germans Surprised Germans said they were sur- prised to find that not evert mines had been laid in the Arden- ne.s to hold up the German rush. However that may be. the fact. (Continued on War's Unprecedented Toll Means Hollow Victory for Winner; Allies Watch Italy; Will Duce Gamble? By DeWlTT MacKENZIE If you would have a concrete illustration of whether the Anglo- trench determination to prose- cute the war has been weakened by adversity in the battle oi Flanders, it is to be had in- the Brief sentences taken from differ- ent parts of the A. P. report to- day: second British expedi- tionary force has arrived in France, it was announced yester- day, to take over the Somme salient. the great and bloody fighting the Allied evacuation from Flanders, chiefly through the port of Dun- kerque, continued with unabated fury. _. So the war is going on, Flan- ders or no Flanders, and let no one doubt the magnitude of the stake It is nothing less than to ITALY WILL FIGHT, PAPER DECLARES Leading- Journal in Rome Says Hour Has Come; Looks to Mediterranean _ vp. ROME May 31, man and Britain have "rejected the demands of the Italian people; these demands will be enforced Relaziom International, Italy's leading for- eign affairs periodical declares in an editorial to published to- miorrow. "The hour longed for for more than 50 years come' publication said- The people will fight the French ana British enemy with extreme de- termination to complete victoiy. -London and Paris have not yet grasped it that the present crisis is a tremendous revolution of peoples who achieved their des- tination by energetic and in" dealsof the revolutions of Mussolini and- Hitler. A new Europe arises on an indissoluble and balancing contract of Roman- ism and Germanism, two foices which are destined to lay down a. new political form for centuries to come, "With his inter and unsnake- able conviction, the Italian people will enter the conflict by order of Mussolini. _ "If the Italian people claim tor themselves the Mediterranean and special problems linked up with it then they not only demand a historic but a natural right. "The political and military power of Italy depends on the Mediterranean." A "Mr.. Sensible" for Every Street LONDON, May 31. na- tion-wide plan to enlist a Mr. Sensible" in every street to main- tain public morale in the event that radio broadcasting and news- Daper circulation are disrupted by bombing or invasion was announ- ced today by Sir Wyndham Deedes, information officer tor London. The plan1 envisages local of reassurance" respon- sible for posting reliable news bulletins in streets and "allaying public fears, stimulating public effort for victory and giving ad- vice and exhortation." Italian Newsmen Leaving Paris PARIS, May 31. journalists are leaving Paris to- day a spokesman for the minis- try 'of information said. He add- ed that although this did not mean "inevitable" war with Italy it was possible the Italians would enter the fight within the next ten days. Declared Lost By Invadin Army PARIS, May 31. (AP) The semi-official Telefrance agency asserted today that the Germans had lost half a million men since they began their invasion of the low countries May 10. This figure "finds itself written in authentic German the agency reported, without giv- ing additional details. determine whether empires shall survive. When I arrived in the New York office in the early morning- hours, I greeted one of the print- er attendants with "well, who's winning the he looked at me speculatively for a moment and then replied: "Nobody's Winning" ''I guess maybe nobody's win- ning." And I guess maybe he is rignt. The unprecedented death and des- truction which already has des- cended on Europe out of the fury of the war give ample warning of chaos and disaster to come, no matter which side may be able at the end to raise a battered hand in token of "victory.'1 In any event, the jubilant Hit- ler is busy with plans for follow- ing up his great intitial success. (Continued on Page 7) HOUSE CLEANING FALL IS FATAL Mrs. William Calicott Dies of Injuries Sustained in Fall From Ladder Mrs William Calicott, 42, died at o'clock yesterday after- noon at McCormick Hospital as the result of injuries received Wednesday when she fell from a ladder while cleaning house. Mrs. Calicott 210 East Burk- hart street. She is survived'by her husband, three sons, Wilbur, William and Milton, all of Moberly; a daugh- ter Mrs. Calvin Polston, Moberly, a brother, Harry Henry, Moberly; and a sister, Mrs. Clara Drake, Milwaukee, Wis- _ Mrs. Calicott was born in Far- ber but had lived in Moberly since she was; 12 years old. She was a member of the Central Christian Church, The body will remain at the Mahan Funeral Parlors until the hour of the funeral, which will be 2 o'clock tomorrow at the Central Christian Church, conducted by its pastor, the Rev.C.W.Cornn. Burial will be in Oakland Cemetery. Adjournment of Congress Will f Be Delayed WASHINGTON; May si As detailed study of the defense tax bill began in the House today, administration leaders virtually abandoned hope that Congress could adjourn by June one-time deadline. Senator Barkley (D-Ky) said that it "will be July 1 or after" before the members get away. House Leader Rayburn (D-Texas) expressed the opinion that the combined defense and tax pro- grams could be enacted by June 22. ROOSEVELT CITES NEED Must Push an Enlarged De- fense Program Without Delay, Congress Advised TRAINING OF MEN HIGHLY IMPORTANT None Can Foretell the Fu- ture; National Effort Is Required NEW YORK, May 31 A scramble to get compara- ble with the excited burst of buy- ing at the outset of the war last September was reported today by Dow, Jones financial news agency. Both export and domestic buy- ing, it was said had been stim- ulated by the urge to lay in stocks before heavy industries feel the force o fthe United States big armament program. Strong Tremors In Paducah Area PADUCAH, Ky., May 31. A severe earth shock was felt here at p. m. SCT today. The quake was fejt as far as seven miles west. Telephone of- fices were jammed with calls. fol- lowing- the quake, which lasted about 15 seconds. Buildings were shaken but no damage was reported immediate- ly. __ Japan to Demand Voice In Europe TOKYO, May 31. will demand a voice in any set- tlement of the European war m order to protect her interests m the Netherlands East Indies, cir- cles close to the government said today, WASHINGTON, May 31. President Roosevelt told Congress today the "speedy" enlargement of America's defense program by "over a billion dollars" was de- manded by "the almost incredible events of the past two weeks" in Europe's war. In a special defense the second in 15 Roose- velt said that "as long- as a pos- sibility exists that x x all con- tinents may become involved in a world wide war, reasonable pre- caution demands that American defense be make more certain." The request pushed the immed- iate defense program near "Without Delay" "The increased gravity of the situation indicates that action should be taken without the president said in the message which, in contrast to the one per- sonally delivered May '16, was read to the House and Senate by clerliV The chief executive made one specific recommendation that Congress grant him authority to call the National Guard, and the reserve personnel of the defense forces, into active service. He needs this authority, he suggested, to "maintain our posi- tion of neutrality and to safe- guard the, national defense." Future Is Uncertain "No individual, no group can clearly foretell the the chief executive asserted. "As long, however, as a possibility exists that not one continent or two continents but all continents may become involved in a- world wide war, reasonable precaution demands that American defense be made more certain." The one most obvious lesson taught by the conflict raging- overseas, Mr. Roosevelt, said, "is the value of the factor of speed." "There is definite Mr. Roosevelt said, "in waiting to order the complete equiping and training of armies after a war begins. "Therefore, I suggest the enlargement of the pro- gram fur equiping and training in the light of our defense needs." The president mentioned no specific figure and gave no break-down of the new program, which follows by 15 days his original emergency request for for expansion the nation's armed forces and shoves the defense bill total to more than Details of the supplementary program were left for representa- tives of the war and navy de- partments and other government agencies for presentation to the appropriate Congressional com- mittees. One specific recommendation concluded the president's mes- sage That was that Congress authorize him to call into active (Continued on Page 4) German Success In Belgium Drive tM 'Due To Treason NEW TAXES Morgenthau Says Financial Program to Pay for Defense Is Wanted by Public NOT INTENDED FOR ORDINARY EXPENSE Declares Increased Levies and Greater Debt Limit Are Essential PARIS, May 31 (AP) French military spokesman de- clared today that German mili- tary successes in Belgium were "directly due to treason." "Without this he said, "we would most probably still be fighting on the line of the Albert Canal." He spoke of an incident, In which only one officer knew how to blow up a bridge which the Nazi forces w'ere able to cross ov- er the Belgian canal fortifications, as "distinctly unmilitary." "It is unbelievable" that no one under that officer's command of 50 men knew how to blow up the bridge, the spokesman said, add- ing "Anyway, the French soldiers who attributed the German ad- vances to the French high com- mand mistakes now know where to the blame." WASHINGTON, May 31 Secretary Morgenntau said today the administration's' defense tax bill represented a public desire "to be taxed" for the purpose, and disputed a Republican contention that it was intended to pay for "ordinary expenses of the govern- An increase in the public debt limit and additional taxes both "are the treasury sec- retary told the House ways and means committee, to meet ex- panded defense needs. However, Representative Mc- Lean New Jersey, interp- reted the tax measure as a "ve- hicle" to finance ordinary peace- time expenditures as well, and drew from Morgenthau an agree- ment that part of the revenue was to go for "all-the expenses of the War and Navy Departments" for the fiscal year beginning July 1. Can't JDraw JLine Saying that he "'can't draw the lino" -between of war and 'navy expenditures, Morgen- thau begged "to differ" with MC- Lean and gave this as the admini- stration's attitude: "What we had in mind was that the people would like to pay for the extraordinary armament pro- gram; that will be borrowed by the army and navy would be paid for by them in five years." Urging enactment of a defense tax treas- ury head told the House Ways and Means Committee that as things stood now, the treasury's borrowing power would be "com- pletely exhausted" by the end of next February. Alsa, he added, the working balance of the treasury now about would be "'dangerous depleted" by that time. Noting the measure also pro- vides for a increase in the federal debt limit, to make it he asserted: Both Steps Essential "The orderly financing of fed- eral expenditures, expanded as they are by emergency expendi- tures for national defense, re- quires provision of additional taxes or an increase in the limit on the national debt. "In my judgment both steps are essental." Morgenthau said that Piesi- dent Roosevelt's budget message of January 3 anticipated a de- ficit of to be fin- anced by borrowing. (Continued on Page 4) America's First New Battleship In 19 Years Ready WASHINGTON, May 31 (AP) __The first new American battle- ship in 19 years slides into the water tomorrow at the start of a drive to speed warship construc- tion unmatched in intensity since World War days. The TJ. S. S. Wash- ington will be launched at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. It is the first of 68 warships still under the riveting hammer which the navy, by day and night work, intends to complete months ahead of their original schedules. Final Census Checkup Begun Here, With Decrease Indicated; Hunisville, Higbee Have Loss With initial 1940 population reports indicating a probable population decrease in Moberly, as compared to 1930 local census enumerators were set to work today for a last-minute and final check to make certain ev- eryone has been counted. A plea also is made that persons know- ing themselves to have been missed by the enumerator tele- phone either the Monitor-Index, 125, or the Commercial Club, 70, immediately. Mrs. Beatrice O'Bryan of Col- umbia, census supervisor for this district, was here today arrang- ing for the last minute check by the eight local enumerators. She announced the enumerators would have only today, tomorrow and Monday to make the final count, and that no enumerations could be made after Tuesday morning, when she will come here to pick up the supplemental lists- Stands For 10 Years "The picture of Moberly's pop- ulation, as drawn in the census now being compiled, must last for the next ten Mrs. O'Bryan pointed out today. "Resi- dents of the city should realize this and cooperate to make the picture a good one. The good picture can be obtained only by making certain that every indiv- idual in Moberly is listed." Mrs. O'Bryan declined to give any preliminary report today on Moberly's population, except to say that a decrease is shown, j She said the figures probably would be available Tuesday of next week. She urged, as did L. D. Jones, Commercial Ciub secretary, that every effort be made immediate- ly by Moberly persons to bring in Moberly's population 100 per cent. Persons knowing themselves (Continued on Page 4) GREAT DIN OF FIRE AT Air Literally Forbidden to Nazi Bombers as Troops Stream Into City FRENCH SLASH THEIR WAY THROUGH Germans, However, Tell of Three Death Traps; Peace Overture Hinted FRENCH HOLDING UNE ON AISNE Strongly Entrenched Forces Ward Off German At- tempt to Invade Maine By H. Taylor Henry With the French Armies in the Field, May 31 (AP) entrenched French divisions sup- ported by heavy tanks and artil- lery tonight were helding the line of the Aisne river against steady German attempts to open the- Marne plain from the northeaso. While shells screamed overhead and German planes flew low, I visited the important Rethel sec- tor, about 100 miles from Paris. The general commanding the di- vision holding the sector told me how his troops had established and held for four days a bridge- head at Rethel to cover the with- drawal of the rest of the army to the strong line south of the Aisne, It was the defense of this bridgehead which in a large meas- ure stopped the Germans from forcing- the pasage of the Aisne at the same time they were rac- ing for the channel ports. INDIA TO INCREASE FIGHTING FORCES SIMLA, India, May 31 (AP) General Sir Robert assels, Brit- ish commander in chief in India, announced today addition- al men would be enrolled in the Indian army and that the Indian airforce woud be quadrupled. General Cassels said the pres- ent situation in France indicated "a definite danger" of a spread? ing of the war which "might mean India would cease to enjoy immunity from enemy action." Annenberg May Pay In Tax Settlement CHANGE IN TIMES OF THREE TRAINS CHICAGO, May 31 (AP) United States Attorney William J. Campbell anonunced today a ten- tative agreement had been reach- ed for settling the income tax dif- ficulties of M. L. Annenberg, wealthy publisher, for a compro- mise payment reported to be Allies Escaping AMERICAN LEAGUE Boston at New York; postpon- ed, rain. Washington at Philadelphia (to be played at later No other games scheduled. NATIONAL LEAGUE No games scheduled.. WEATHER MISSOURI: Fair tonight and Saturday, somewhat cooler ex- treme northwest tonight. For Central Missouri: Fair to- night and tomorrow, not much change in temperature. Local Weather Data Temperature at this after- noon. 78. Low last' night, 51. I Maximum -esterday, 82, 'On a large Scale' PARIS, May 31 (AP) --The war ministry spokesman said to- night that the Northern Allied troops were escaping through Dunkerque "on a large scale. This major escape to the coast went on, he added, after the cent- ral. French armies, taking advant- age of the German drive in the north, 'had "cleaned up" the Ab- beville sector. The spokesman said 'important embarkments at Dunkerque which had begun last night were still eroing on. The inundation around the port city has reached an average depth of a foot, proving an effective barrier to the German columns trying to smash that Allied port of exit. The French rearguard in Fiana- ers nevertheless was acknowledg- ed to. "in, difficulties'' 5 To 20 Minutes to Be Cut From Wabash Schedules Schedules of thsee cross-state Wabash trains are changed by a new time table to become Affec- tive Sunday, June 2, on the Mo- berly division of the railroad. The trains affected by the Schedule changes are the Mid- night Limited No. 17, the Pacific Coast Limited No. 2, and the St. Louis Express No. 22. No. 17's running time between St. Louis and Kansas City will be shortened by 20 minutes. The train will leave St. Louis 20 min- utes later than previously and will make up those 20 minutes between St. Louis and Moberly. No. 2 will leave Kansas City 20 minutes earlier and its cross- state running time will be short- ened by five minutes. No. 22 will leave Kansas City at its usual time but will make up ten minutes on its eastward cross-state run. Otbcir Minor Changes Minor changes of times of ar- rival of those trains at inter- mediate stations also appear in the new time table, No. 20. It also shows a new schedule for the Columbia branch train, No. 34, which will leave Columbia for Cenfcralia 20 minutes earlier daily in order to make connections with The new and larger time table will replace that in use on the di- vision since June, 1939. The Wa- bash table, for the first time, in- cludes on an extra page rules governing operations on the joint tracks of the Wabash and Santa Fe between Carrollton Junction and Camden Junction. Operations on the parallel Wa- bash and Santa Fe tracks be- tween Carrollton Junction and Hardin and the joint tracks be- tween Hardin. and Camden Junc- tion previously were set forth in a separate time table, now being abandoned. (Continued oa Page 4) Hitler May Try To Divide Allies By Peace Move LONDON, May 31 tations that Adolf Hitler might try to split the British and French Allies with separate offers of peace were voiced today as Brit- ish troops who escaped from the Nazi trap in Flanders still poured home from the inferno across the channel. Informed observers, weighing the possibilities of the next Nazi stroke, considered these possibil- ities: 1. A separate peace offer to France with a great land and air- assault on Paris if France re- fuses. 2. A threat of an Italian flank tack 3. An ultimatum to Britain to accept Germany's terms or face "total war." (Authorized sources m Berlin expected a "sensational announce- ment" to come from a conference between Hitler and Paul Joseph -Goebbel-s, German propaganda minister.) But both official utterances and the press indicated no weakening Allies' (By The Associated Press) British Tommies fought hand- to-hand with Greman troops south of the Yser Canal today in a fierce struggle to hold the Allies' 'escape" port of Dunkerque stem the sweep of Nazi mechan- ized legions advancing to the sea. Dunkerque itself was a kettle- drum o fdinning antt-aircraft fire. Naval guns co-operating with British pursuit squadron operat- ing from bases in England a few minutes away made the air "liter- ally to Nazi bombers. Thousands of battle-weary troops, both French and English, streamed into the port through a pass between muddy sea water, several miles wide, which girded the city like a moat of an ancient fortress. Canal locks opened by the Allies spilled deepening water over the flooded defense area, One Unit Wiped Out The Germans reported wiping out a British pocket near Cassel, 20 miles south of Dunkerque.whetx the Tommies attempted to break through to the north to read! Dunkerque in the great retreat from Flanders. Trapped French forces in the Lille area were said in Berlin to have "practically ceased to exist." Word spread through German military headquarters meanwhile that a communication "of the greatest importance'' has been re- ceived from set" ting the date for Italy's entrance into the war. An early attempt by Adolf Hit- ler to split England and France with separate offers of under threat of calling Germany's axis partner, Italy, into the was forecast in London. Fleeing French and British sol- diers were isolated in three "death according to Ber- lin. Slash Way Through A French military spokesman said however that "important ele- ments" of the French army have slashed their way through Ger- man lines between Cassel and Popperinghe and are making: their way to the coast. The British said evacuation of ''large numbers'' of both French and British soldiers "still goes on." Hitler's purported peace offer, it was said in London, would be swiftly rejected. The Allies have vowed to make no separate peace on any terms. The German fuehrer and his Propaganda Minister Goebbels were reported in conference at Hitler's western front headquar- ters to prepare a "sensational announcement" possibly the peace overture envisioned in Lon- don. Nazis asserted that French soldiers alone have been killed, taken prisoner or facing imminent annihilation since real war in the west began with the smash through the low countries 22 days ago, and it was declared that the Allies in Flanders were falling back "not in orderly re- is pell-mell flight." A Cry For Planes British soldiers en route to rest in England's flowering country- side declared, grimly that they had inflicted five casualties to one on the Germans in Flanders, but the cry on nearly every man's lips was; "For God's sake, give us more A British officer said Allied losses were far less in the last few days than might have been expected. "But the slaughter among the Germans has been incredible. The German commanders seemed to- be throwing away their men's he said. Meanwhile, the German high command reported that the main body of French troops pocketed in. Flanders had been dispersed or captured, and that the furious attack on remnants of their Brit- ish comrades is progressing. The bulk of the Nazi divisions, the high command said ominous- ly "now are released for new a concerted drive on Paris. Allies Holding Calais British troops under Lord Gort still held off German blows aimed at the fall of Dunkerque, and the Allies reported the key channel port of Calais, 20 miles across the channel from Dover, England (Continued on
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