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Joplin News Herald (Newspaper) - August 1, 1941, Joplin, Missouri Since Joe Louis Says Hell Not Let His Wife Get a Divorce "Without a Fight/9 Ringside Seats Should Be in Demand at Any Price Asked TUB VVEATHEP MISSOURI-Clear to partly cloudy; widely acatterea local showers In south tonight; Saturday partly cloudy; slightly warmer m west and north. . KANSAS-Mostly (air, but local cloudiness with widely scattered showers In west tonight; Saturday clear to partly cloudy; widely separated showers In west; slightly warmer In west tonight. OKLAHOMA-Kair to partly cloudy tonight and Saturday; slightly warmer In west tonight. ARKANSAS-Fartly cloudy tonight and Saturday; scattered thundershowers in north and east Saturday. JOPLIN NEWS HERALD SIXTY-NINTH YEAR-NO. 126. JOPLIN, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, AUGUST 1, 1941.- FOURTEEN PAGES. PRICE THREE CENTS. AIRPORT TO BE MILITARY FIELD NITRATE PLANT WILL BE NEAR RIVERTON Reds Take the Initiative At City Nazis Reported Captured 2 Weeks Ago "DESTROYED" mm AIR FORCE ACTIVE Harry L. Hopkins Tells Moscow ReportersThat His Conviction of German Defeat Has Been Strengthened by Visit. Moscow, Aug. 1.-W)-The battle of Smolensk, gateway to Moscow, entered its seventeenth day today with the Russians apparently taking the initiative to force back the Germans at some points. The Russian air force, which the Germans had. declared was destroyed, co-operated with land troops to counterattack the German positions in the Smolensk direction. The Russians asserted that Smolensk-which the Germans olaimed they captured two weeks ago-still was in the defenders' hands. After fighting off 42 German attacks since July 16 the Russians took the initiative. Sharp Fighting Continues. This afternoon's communique said that sharp fighting had continued throughout the night in the Smolensk sector and said other battles were raging in the zones of Zhitomir, west of Kiev, and Novorzhev, 200 miles south of Leningrad. It made no mention, however, of action at Porkhov, 50 miles north of Novorzhev, where fighting had been reported yesterday. In addition to smashing at German ground forces and communications, the red air force was reported to have sunk .a destroyer in the Baltic and severely damaged two other ships. The communique failed to say whether the vessels were German or Finnish. In Moscow, Harry L. Hopkins, U. S. lend-lease administrator, talked three hours in his second interview with Premier Josef Stalin and later said his conviction that Hitler is going to lose the war had been strengthened. He told American correspondents: "I have nothing to add to what I said the other day other than that my short visit here has given me even more confidence that Hitler is going to lose." Hopkins, who discussed U. S. supplies to aid Russia, carried his brief case into the Kremlin and it was understood he toid the Russian leader that American production of war materials would surpass any foreign estimates, particularly in planes. Moscow Bombed. He talked'earlier with Vyacheslav Molotov, commissar for foreign affairs, V U. S. Ambassador Laurence Steln-hardt accompanied Hopkins on his visit to Molotov but the Stalin-Hopkins meeting was attended only by interpreters. 'German planes made their eighth nightly foray in 11 nights against Moscow and, as on previous nights, Russians said they were forced back. A few planes reached the city and dropped a small number of incendiaries, which were extinguished after several small fires were started. It was the second raid against the capital since Hopkins' arrival, but the American-slept through the air alarm in Spaso house. Russians claimed victories over | sea and land for their planes, saying one flight of dive bombers attacked two German patrol ships in the Baltic and brought down 15 High Army Officials Check Over Neosho Camp Plans Special to The Newa Herald. Neosho, Mo., Aug. 1. - Several high army officials are here for a final check of plans for an army cantonment and training area near here. Their appearance here is regarded as a culmination of three months' surveying and planning by the Burns & McDonnell Engineering Company. The group here to investigate the plans includes Colonel Foster, commanding Officer of Reilly hospital at Springfield. He will be consultant on plans for the camp hospital. Colonel Levy of Washington was here yesterday as an adviser. At the office of construction quartermaster here it was stressed that the contract for building the camp has not been let and that funds have not been made available. Reliable information from Washington is that the war department is awaiting final approval of high officials being sent here before making formal announcement of the project. Roosevelt Praises Russian Resistance 7 � '. .____ Opposition to Hitler's Armies Has Been Much Better Than Experts Expected, President Tells Reporters at Conference. Washington, Aug.' 1.-(JP)-President Roosevelt asserted today that Russia's resistance to the axis war machine was "magnificent" and "frankly better than any military expert in Germany thought it would be." That was his reply at a press conference-he authorized direct quotes -to an inquiry on what he thought of Russian resistance to date. He said: "It is magnificent and frankly better than any military expert in Germany thought it would be." When "a reporter, referring to Adolf. Hitler, asked whether Mr. Roosevelt included Germany's outstanding miHtary expert among those surprised at the Russian resistance, the president suggested that newsmen not spoil the story. A laugh was his only response to another question - whether Germany had been doing some tall lying. The chief executive said that Russia did not come under terms of the lease-lend bill and he saw no prospect that she would. The reason, he said, is that Russia is able to pay for the purchase in this country of war equipment to be tossed into the battle against Germany. No decision may be expected on an additional lease-lend appropria- tion, the ohief executive asserted, until Harry L. Hopkins returns to this country. Hopkins, lease-lend supervisor, now is in Moscow, after having visited London. Mr. Roosevelt said the only word he had had from Hopkins since his arrival in the Russian capital was that he had got there safely. Mr. Roosevelt would not say whether Hopkins might return by way of China. To a question on how Hopkins got to Moscow, the president smilingly replied, "On his own two feet." He added that there should not be discussion of movements of both airplanes and ships in these times because the element of human safety was involved. Mr. Roosevelt had no comment on a suggestion that July had seen a definite turn in the war with Russian resistance stiffening. Nor did he have anything to say on conditions in the Far East or on shipments of oil to Japan. He said,' also, he had heard nothing of the possibility of lease-lend aid to the Free French allies of Britain. The president did flay that he hoped to get away- early next week and go up the coast somewhere where at least the nights would be cool. He said he wanted a week off. TWO ARMY PLANES COLLIDE IN AIR; ONE PILOT JUMPS Monterey, Calif., Aug. 1.-UP)- Two army observation planes locked wings and crashed into Monterey bay.Joday. One flier parachuted into the bay, it was reported. The planes ordinarily carried a pilot and observer. INFANTRY STARTS ON SECRET TRIP Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 1.-UP)- A" portion of Arkansas' 153rd infantry, attached to the Thirty-fifth division, which has been in training at Camp Robinson since last January, boarded special westbound trains today, leaving this area for an unannounced .destination. Camp authorities declined any comment, pointing to orders against advance announcements of troop movements. (Continued on page 10.) Child Suffocates. Brownington, Mo., Aug. 1.-UP)- The 4-month-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Callahan died of suffocation while sleeping in a large bed with her 5-year-old sister. FREIGHT ENGINE HURLS TRUCK INTO PATH OF TRAIN DRAFT BILL COMPROMISE IS OFFERED Sponsors of Measure to Extend Army Service Agree to Proposal Limiting Entire Training Period to 30 Months. Washington, Aug. l.-UP)-Senator Hill of Alabama said today that sponsors had agreed to compromise army service extension legislation to provide a maximum of 2% years of service for citteen soldiers. Hill told reporters that proponents were attempting to work out an amendment which would limit to 18 months the additional service that any selectee, national guardsman, reserve or regular enlisted man might be called on to undergo. This 18 months' extension, he said, would be in addition to the 12-month selectees, guardsmen and reservists now are required to serve. Some regular army enlisted men are serving one-year tenures and others three-year periods. The same 18-month extension would ap ply to them, Hill said. Maximum Time Set. The Alabaman emphasized that the additional 18 months was the maximum of actWe duty to which any individual would be subjected, pointing out that many might be released long before that period was up as new personnel came into the ranks to replace them. "We are trying to work out a formula that will preserve the principles of the legislation and still be acceptable to the war department," he told reporters. Senator Taft of Ohio, who has proposed that a maximum of 18 months be fixed on the service required from selectees, said he did not believe the administration compromise would be acceptable to opponents of the bill. "I think we might be willing to accept a maximum of 20 months, but to say that these men will be liable for a total of 2% years' service is not much of a compromise," Taft added. Congress, immersed in argument and still far from a decision, today passed the army high command's urgent deadline for action on legislation extending the service of selectees, reservists and national guardsmen. In the senate, where debate was in its third day, Senators^ Clark of Missouri and Vandenberg'of Michigan kept up the attacks of a vocal opposition group by charging that DEFINITE SITE FOR WAR UNIT IS ANNOUNCED Will Be Built by Government Between Riverton and Crestline, With Old Military Road as Western Boundary and Spring River as Eastern Boundary. (Continued on page 10.) The $17,700,000 ammonium nitrate plant which the government will build in this district will be located about two miles north of Riverton, according to authoritative information released in Washington today. Approximately four sections of land, between the Riverton-Crestline highway (the old Military road) and Spring river, will be purchased by the government for the munitions plant site. The plant will be located about 10 miles west and slightly north of Joplin. It can be reached from Joplin by several routes. Spencer May Be Operator. Announcement of final approval of the plant site by the war department was made in Washington today by Kenneth Spencer, national defense co-ordlnator, who Is being mentioned as operating contractor of the factory. The area which the announcement said would be used for the plant site is bisected by a .small stream, Shawnee creek. The two units of the plant-anhydrous ammonia and ammonium nitrate- probably will be located on opposite sides of the creek. Spring river will be the eastern boundary of the plant area and the old Military road will be the western boundary. The Parsons-Joplin branch of the Katy railroad runs through the southwest corner of the plant site and-connects directly with the government's shell-loading plant at Parsons." The Kansas City Southern has a branch line which runs through the Argentina Puts Block In Path of U. S. Move To Limit Axis Deals Buenos Aires, Aug. 1.-(^P)-Authoritative diplomatic sources said today that Argentina intends to withhold support from tho United States' blacklist of Latin-American firms suspoctod of trading with tho axis. Thus,- they said, a hole Is threatened in the economic dam Washington is trying to build to halt tho flow o� money and materials from tho wostorn hemisphere to tho axis powers. These sources said Argentine law prevents complete effectiveness of any ban against doallnR with the blacklisted firms If Argentina does not want to co-op-crate. Such a situation was not believed to bo paralleled In any other Latin-American country, but thoso informants deemed It of high importance because more of tho listed firms are In Argentina than In any othor country. The difficulty, they explained, lies in a constitutional guarantoa that a citizen who has boon doing business for a long tlmo with an-othor Is entitled to continue his trade tinloss Argentine law intervenes. Acoordlng to this, tho praotloal effect Is that If It is desired to cut off a pro-Gorman merohant who buys In tho United States through a nonblackllatod agent hore, tho Unltad States must cut off all othor clients of that agent or loavo him open to suit by his pro-Qerman client on charges of illegal discrimination. With an unsympathotio government, blacklist suits might drag through tho courts. It wns pointed out, however, that Argentina has not accoptod tho British blacklist and that a similar stand on the United States would be logical. Japan Makes New Demands on Siam Military Bases and Control of Country's Tin, Rubber and Rice Production Ordered Turned Over to Nipponese. By tho Associated Proas. (Continued on page 10.) Mexico Tells Nazis Nation Will Run Its Own Affairs Williamsport, Pa., Aug. l.-UP)- A Pennsylvania railroad freight train early today hurled a stalled truck onto an adjoining track, derailing a passenger train locomotive and killing three of its occupants. Crushed to death as the locomotive and its coal tender plunged down a six-foot embankment where Engineer P. E. Snyder of Northumberland, Pa.; Fireman H. F. McHenry of Sunbury, Pa., and C. K. Shalbley of Williamsport, road foreman of engines, who was on an inspection trip. Defense Slogan Suggested. Des Moines, la., Aug. l.-UP)- Vice President Henry A. Wallace, chairman of the new economic defense board suggested "Peace through power" today as a national slogan for the international emergency. He disclosed in an interview he already has "handed out" preliminary assignments to members of the board, but added he was not in a position today to discuss his new task in detail. Mexico City, Aug. 1.-Iff)-Mexico, rejecting with a stern rebuke a German government request that she protest President Roosevelt's blacklist of pro-axis firms here, provided tangible evidence today of her intention to co-operate with the United States In solving mutual problems created by the European war. Mexico told Germany she regarded the request as not only imperious but threatening, and declared she would brook no interference from abroad in the formation of her national policies. She took exception particularly to the German assertion that "resigned acceptance" of Washington's anti-axis measures could not fail to influence the attitude of the Berlin government in renewing commercial relations with Mexico after the war. This warning, declared Mexican Foreign Minister Ezequiel Padllla, "reveals by the sole fact of its being formulated a position of pressure, imperious and unjustifiable, which constitutes an open contradiction to the i spirit of reciprocal respect which governs the foreign relations of the Mexican republic." Hejection of the German request constituted, the second rebuff Mexico has delivered to the relch government within four months. In April President Manuel Avila Camacho's administration rejected a protest against expropriation of German ships in Mexican ports- a measure which paralleled action taken by the United States. The German request on the Washington blacklist and Mexico's answer, were disclosed last night with the publication of notes exchanged between Padilla and tho nazi minister, Rudt von Collen-berg. The blacklist, which was announced July 17, prohibited exports from the United States to approximately 1,800 Latin-American firms suspected of doing business with the axis, including about 190 in Mexico. Galled Impudence. Washington, Aug. 1. - (fP) - Sumner Welles, acting secretary of state, accused Germany today of barefaced impudence in urging Mexico to protest to the United States over the blacklisting of Latin-American firms catalogued as pro-axis. Welles asserted that the German government had violated and destroyed the sovereignty of many countries. ' Therefore, he said, it was nothing more or less than barefaced impudence for Germany to try to tell Mexico or any other country what it should do to protect its sovereign rights. Moreover, he declared that Mexico did not require any advice from Germany. Japan's high-pressure march to the south 'took another big stride today with reported demands on Thailand (Slam) for military bases and control of that country's rubber, rice and tin production, Authoritative quarters in London, the source of this report, said Japan In exchange had offered to restore tho province of Laos and tho ancient city of Angkor, both in Japanese-dominated French Indo-Chlna. British concern was pointed by the fact that Japaneso occupation of bases in Thailand would put them within 400 miles striking distance of Britain's great fortress of Singapore and also polso a direct threat to British-ruled Burma and even India, which lies across the Bay of Bengal. Coinciding with this report, tho London air ministry announced that the royal air force in Burma has been strengthened by the construction of airdromes "for both offensive and defensive actions." Strong reinforcements were said to be arriving in Burma, including numbers of Amerlcan-mado bombers. Meanwhile, dispatches from Shanghai said Chinese communist and Russian officers had already held staff conferences to plan joint military action in the event Japan strikes at Siberia. Shanghai reports said Japan was still pouring war supplies into Man-chukuo, which borders Siberia, and that 14,000 troops were moved recently, including a medical regiment. In Tokyo, Japanese Finance Minister Mastsune Ogura insisted that Japan "has no intention of picking a quarrel with the United States and Britain," but in tho same comment he declared that Japan must push ahead with its program in China and east Asia. Ogura disclosed that the "China affair"-the 4-year-old war-has already cost Japan 25 billion yen, or about $6,000,000,000. While Japan continued to pour troops into southern Indo-Chlna, her finance ministry announced an agreement with Thailand whereby Japan gainod a credit of 10,000,000 bahts (tho baht is about 36 cents) for purchases in Thailand, Observers said this indicated Japan had been embarrassed financially by British-American freezing of her funds. GERMAN EXHAUSTION m RUSSIA INDICATED London, Aug. l.-'i/P)-Authoritative quarters declared today the Germans had held all along the Russian front during the past 24 hours. Slackening of the German drive, these sources said, might be merely a prelude to the launching of a new push, but they declared there wore abundant signs the nazis wero reaching the point of exhaustion. Informed sources said there was "absolutely no indications" that the fall of Leningrad or a Russian defeat at Smolensk were Imminent. French Near Crisis, Vichy Sources Say Vichy, France, Aug. l.-UP)-Informed quarters in Vichy wero tense tonight with expectation that major political changes would come shortly, perhaps this week-end. Visits of influential politicians from the occupied zone, Including an outstanding advooato of collaboration with Germany, and calls In the Paris press for a shake-up heightened this expectation. A day of political tension passed with interviews between Chief of State Marshal Petaln and United States Ambassador Admiral William D. Leahy on tho foreign- most likely Indo-Chinese-situation, and between Petaln and Fernand de Brlnon, Vichy envoy at Paris, on the internal situation from the German viewpoint, with which do Brinon is familiar. Immediately, afterward Petaln loft Vichy to spend the week-end at his nearby estate which, however, was far enough away that If anything untoward happened he would not be involved. HOURLY TEMPERATURES The mercury rose to 94 degrees at 3 p. m. today, climbing from a minimum of 70 degrees. High and low readings a year ago today were 95 and 78. Hourly temperatures: 1 a. m...........80| 0 a. m...........82 2 a. m...........78J10 a. in.......... 85 3 a. m...........7D|U a. m...........88 4 a. m...........7S|Noon............1)1 5 n. m...........77| 1 p. m...........92 6 a. m...........70| 2 p. m...........9.') 7 a. m...........771 3 p. m.......... ,M 8' a. m...........7!) | U.S.TO TAKE IT OVER FOR DEFENSE USE Civil Aeronautics Authority Allots $300,000 for Enlarging: Joplin Field to Be Used as Government Bomber and Pursuit Ships Depot. Allocation of $300,000 by tho civil aeronautics authority in Washington for develp-ment of Joplin's municipal airport as a national defense airfield was announced today in a telephone message from United States Senator Harry S. Truman to Harry Easley in Webb City. Senator Truman told Easley he was sending him a telegram today confirming the announcement, and that it is based upon notification received by Truman In Washington from the CAA, which advised that it was making announcement of the appropriation today. Probably First lit Station. Joplin's airport thus bocomos one of tho first. In tha nation to be approved by the CAA under its latest program for development of 149 airports this year for military use in connection with rapidly ax-panding air defense. It also marks tha culmination of ropoated efforts by tha city council, the Chamber of Commerce and civic leadors, assistod by Easley, to have Joplin's airport taken ovar by tho government for national de-fenso improvement. How soon aotual work will start on the project has not bean indicated. Easley said his Information is that tho prosont airport is to hm enlarged and that tha $800,000 It to bo used for paving threa. malrt runways, Installation of basic light., ing and some drainage work. w�< Tho north and south runway* are to be lengthened to 4,250 feet and paved to a width of ISO fact. Tho northoast and southwest runways will be lengthened to 4,2(0 feet and paved to a width of 100 feet. Tho northwest and southeast runway likewise will bo made 4,260 foot long and 100 feet wide. A telegram received by Tha Globe and Nows Herald from Senator Bennett Champ Clark contained similar information and- further , stated that tho money would ba used for incidental grading, drain* ago and seeding and to extend baslo lighting and install contact lighting on three runways. Would Handle Heavy Bombers. The runways thus will be wida enough and long enough to accommodate heavy bombers. Information previously given out hera was that tho government plans to use tho airport as a depot for bombers and pursuit planes, and possibly as a repair and servicing field. There also has boon soma talk about using It as a training, field, but this Is without confirmation. Joplin's airport was surveyed sev--eral weeks ago by a CAA engineer from the roglonal office in Kansaa City to determine Its suitability for government use. It later was loarnod on good authority that tha local airport was highly recommended to Washington and that it stood a good chance of being chosen. Easley, a Webb City banker and personal friend of Truman, has been closely in touch with the situation from the start and haa worked in close contact with tha council. Anticipating the Improvement, tho council recently obtained an option to purchase a 40-acre addition,; (Continued on page 10.) Five-day extended weather forecast for Missouri, Kansas and Oklahoma from 6:30 p. m. August 1 to 6:30 p. m. August 6: Temperature will average above normal in entire district and local thunder-showers will produce light rainfall. Locally heavy amounts are indicated for Kansas and Oklahoma. LEAD AND ZINC New York, Aug. 1. - UP) -, Copper steady; electrolytio spot, Connecticut valley 12.00; export, f.a.s. New York 11.00-12.00. Load steady; spot, New York 5.85-5.90;' East St. Louis 5.70. Zinc, East St Louis, spot and forward, 7.25.
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