Joplin Globe, October 9, 1942

Joplin Globe

October 09, 1942

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Issue date: Friday, October 9, 1942

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Next edition: Saturday, October 10, 1942 - Used by the World's Finest Libraries and Institutions
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Publication name: Joplin Globe

Location: Joplin, Missouri

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Years available: 1898 - 2014

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All text in the Joplin Globe October 9, 1942, Page 1.

Joplin Globe (Newspaper) - October 9, 1942, Joplin, Missouri THE WKATHRB MISSOURI-Little chaiu;c fn fempcraturo central and soiitli jiortiona Friday; scattered showers and somewhat cooler extreme north portion. KANSAS-Lilttlo change In temperature Friday, scatlered showers extreme north portion. OKLAHOMA-Little change In temperature Friday. ARKANSAS-No change in temperature Friday. nrix associated press befokts Final Edition VOL. XLVII, NO. 52. Ptibllcatlaa Ufflee 111 East Fonrtb Street JOPLIN, MISSOURI, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 9, 1942. -TWENTY PAGES. PublUhed ICverj Momini Kzoept Monday PRICE FIVE CENTS. GERMAN SIEGE IMPERILLED 5 Jap Ships Damaged, Including Cruiser TASK fORCE ATTACKS f0[ IN SOLOMONS Eight Aircraft Destroyed by Carrier-Based Planes- Americans Suffer No Losses. VESSELS AT MAIN NIPPONESE BASE Apparently They Had Been Used to Send Troops to Guadalcanal-Kieta Airfield Blasted. "Fullest Measure of Help" Pledged Russia by Welles Acting Secretary of State Says Aiding Soviets Either by Sending Arms or Opening Second Front Is Surest Way to Defeat Hitler-Declares He Is Not One of Those Who Believes America IS" Losing War. Washington, Oct. 8.-(AP) i -An aircraft carrier task force, striking violently into the heart of Japan's defense ' area in the north Solomon Islands, has damaged an enemy heavy cruiser and four other ships, destroyed eight aircraft and blasted an airfield, the navy announced tonight. The operation, conducted in unfavorable w c a t li e r, apparently caught the Japanese completely by ' surprise at one of their most vulnerable points. It was carried througli without the loss of a man , or plane and without damage to 'i' any ship. Main Japanese Base. A navy communique, reporting the action, said the ships attacked were in the Shortland island area, ' just south of the island of Bou-i'ainville, the main Japanese base in the Solomons. The airfield attacked was Kieta, on the northern coast of Bougainville, 45 miles north of Shortland. For several weeks, the communique .said, enemy ships had been observed concentrating in the Shortland area. This was authoritatively interpreted to mean not that a great armada was massing there, but that on frequent occasions large numbers of enemy vessels put in. These probably were engaged in the work of supplying and reinforcing enemy troops on Guadalcanal island, site of the main American base 259 miles to the south, as well as on Japanese islands nearby. " V Attack Made October 5. ' On October 5, the carrier task force under general direction of Vice Admiral R. L. Ghormley, navy chief in the South Pacific, moved in to the attack, which was coordinated with attacks on other Japanese centers in the southwest Pacific by heavy bombers from the Australian conamand of General Douglas MacArthuri The communique reported these results were observed: One cruiser and one transport damaged by heavy bombs. One seaplane tender and two cargo ships damaged by; light bombs. One cruiser and one destroyer strafed in Shortland harbor. The navv did not claim these as "damaged." Four 4-engined flying boats destroyed on the water at Faisi and six damaged by strafing. Falsi is a little island in Shortland harbor. Field Is Damaged. Two seaplanes and two bombers destroyed. Meanwhile, apparently in a maneuver designed to prevent a Jap-anest counter-attack by air from the field at Kieta, other planes struck there and damaged the field with bombs. It appeared significant that the communique did not describe any damage inflicted by plane-borne torpedoes. The assumption here w.n.i that the weather, which the comm.uniaue merely described as "unfavoi-ahle," was so bad the torpedo pianos eitlier could not get in their work or else re.'^ults were not ob.-^crvcd. Tlin text of the communique No, U-i follov.-.s: "South Pacific fall dates given ni'p ea.=t lonrritudel; "1. Durini recent weeks our Boston, Oct. 8.-CiW-Acting Secretary of State Sunoner Welles declared tonight that the surest way to defeat Germany was to aid Russia and pledged "the fullest measure of every means of help." Paying high tribute to the Soviets," epic and successful resistance" in an address prepared for the national foreign trade convention, Welles mentioned both the sending of arms and the opening of a second front as possible means of aid. "Whether that assistance be through the furnishing of arms, equipment or supplies," he said, "or whether that assistance be by means of the diversion of German armies forced upon Hitler through the creation of a new theater or operations, the fullest measure of every means of help will be given. Would Act Promptly. "'The surest way to insure the defeat of Hitler is to give this help, and to give it unstintingly at the earliest possible moment." Welles said he was "not one of those few who believe that we are losing this war" and that Americans have a right to be proud of their country's record since Pearl Harbor, They are heartened, he added, by the fact that most of the American republican republics have either joined in the war on our side or severed all relation with the Axis. Argentina and Chile, however, still be permitting their neighbors to be "stabbed ip the back by Axis emissarie" operating from their territory, said the acting secretary, but it is inconceivable that they will permit this much longer. Welles warned that "the unity which the free peoples have achieved to win their war must continue on to win their peace. For since this is in truth a people's war, it must be followed by a people's peace." Planning now for that peace not only does not detract fi-om our war effort, but actually contributes to the drive toward victory, he said. For: "The setting-up, now, of efficient, machinery to deal with such problems a relief and rehabilitation, for example, which will accompany victory, cannot fail to strengthen the resolve of all liberty-loving peoples, including those in areas now occupied by the enemy, to bring the conflict to the spe.ediest possible conclusion; it cannot fail to make them realize that the sort of world for which we are striving is worth the sacrifices of war; is worth the cost of victory." Bnormaus Task Seen. The task of post-war relief will be enormous, he continued, for much of the world will be "im- VOTE QUALIFYING DEADLINE TODAY SUPPLEMENTAIi BEGISTBA> XION WILL BK HELD IX ALL CITY PRISCINCTS. CANADIAN SHIPS IN THE ALEUTIANS 5 NAVAL VESSELS CO-OPEBAT-ED WITH U. S. IN LANDING ON ANDREANOF. A one-day supplemental registration of voters will be held today in Joplin, affording the final opportunity to qualify to vote in the November 3 state, congressional and county election. Registration will be conducted in all 25 precinct voting places between the hours of 8 a. m. and 9 p. m., following which the books will be closed to all registrations until after the election. Since only about 50 per cent of Joplin's voters now are registered, both republican and democratic party organizations expect to be active all day tp urge residents to go to the polls to have their names enrolled. Kegistrars Instructed. Persons of legal voting age who have not registered since last May 1, when all old registrations were voided, must register or they cannot vote in November. A quadrennial registration was held May 1, 2 and 4, and a supplemental registration was held in July, preceding the August election. Persons who registered in May or July, and who have not since moved from one precinct into another, need not register again. Only about 11,000 persons out of approximately 22,000 eligible Joplin residents registered for the August primary. The primary vote also was unusually lighU County Clerk Hoacoe Claycomb conducted a pre-registration school of instruction for registrars at the courthouse last night. ' Registration Places Listed. The places of registration today will be as follows: Fii'st precinct-Emerson school. Nineteenth street and Pennsylvania avenue. , Second-Coca-Cola Bottling Company, 1301 Virginia avenue. Third-East junior high school. Sixth street and Forest avenue. Fourth - East Central school. Eighth street and Kentucky avenue. , Fifth-Washington school, Second and School street.s. Sixth-Old flro station, Broadway and Railroad avenue. Seventh - Central fire station, city hall. , Eighth-Eagle-Picher school, 1521 West D street. Ninth-North junior high school. Second street and Gray avenue, Tenth-Columbia school, F street Ottawa, Oct. 8.-(^)-Navy Minister Angus MacDonald announced tonight that a Canadian naval force of five warships co-operated with the" United States force which effected the recent landing in the Aleutian islands. MacDonald said he could give no further details because of security reasons. The United States navy announced in Washington October 3 that positions in the Andreanof group of islands in the Aleutians had been occupied, without opposition, by American armed troops with naval support. The date and the extent of the operation was not announced, although it Vv'as said it happened "recently." It was known previously that Canadian airmen have been taking part in operations against the Japanese in the Aleutian area. It also was made known previously that Canadian warships have been working with American naval units in the Aleutian area. ARMY TO SUMMON MISSOURFSMEN Induction Will Begin in December, Colonel E a r p, State Draft Director, Announces. BOARDS TO RECLASSIFY GROUP IMMEDIATELY Status to Be Same as That of Single Men-Will Not Consider Wives as Cause for Deferment. Jefferson City, Oct. 8.-(iP)-The army will start drafting Missouri's childless married men in December, state selective service head-quarteis announced today. Instructing local draft boards to start immediate reclassification of married men witli no children, Colonel Claude C. Earp, state draft director, said: . "We believe we have enough single men to take care of our calls up to and including November, with some left over for the December call. ' But it looks to us as though it will be necessary to induct . sprne .men with wives in December." Status That of Single Men. The order will not affect men with children-providing the children were born before September 7, 1942. They will remain 3-A. Nor will it affect other causes for deferment besides dependency. In effect, the order . simply removes a wife from consideration as a cause for draft deferment, leaving the married man with a wife and no children in just the same status as a single man. To support her if her husband is drafted, a woman will receive $50 a month-$28 from the government and $22 from the soldier-husband's paycheck. AJthough the reclassification will begin at once, Earp said "married men reclassified to 1-A will not be inducted until substantially all single men in the state-wide pool are called." Men not "engaged in the war effort program" will be reclassified ahead of those in essential work. There will be ample opportimity, Earp said, for a man to appeal his reclassification. (Continued on Pace 4 A) (Continued on Page 4 A) JITTERY NAZIS TURN ON COAST SEARCHLIGHTS London, Oct. 8,-{.y)-The Germans switched on their powerful searchlights on occupied Frencii coast south of Calais tonight, and probed the skies and the English channel. The reason was not immediately apparent since there had been no report of air raids or sea engagements. The Germans, however, have been jittery along the coast since the Allied raid on Dieppe. The lights appeared to be Installed on high ground at a point where the channel is but 20 miles wide. Bombs Destroy Factory. London, Oct. 9.-(Friday)-0^)- The Daily Mail said today that photographic reconnaissance showed that American flying fortresses in their last raid last Saturday had completely destro3'ed the airplane factory at Meaulte, near Albert, in northern France. The German air force has been using the factory as an airplane maintenance and repair base. . M'ARTHUR'S AIRMEN BLAST AT SHIPPING Enemy Vessel Attacked at Koe-pang-Advance of Aussies in New Guinea Halted. General MacArthur's Headquarters, Australia, Oct. 9.-(Friday)- (JP)-With ground operations in the Owen Stanley mountains at a standstill and no opposition apparent in the whole New Guinea area. Allied air forces have returned to the attack on enemy shipping at outlying points, a communique said today. Chief targets for the bombing raids lay well to the west of the New Guinea fighting zone, where General MacArthur's troops have come to a halt after reaching the mountain pass connecting Port Moresby with Japanese bases on the north shore of the island. , One group of reconnaissance bombei's struck at an enemy vessel at Koepang in Dutch Timor across the Timor sea from northwestern Australia. A second unit attacked Saumlaki and blasted a medium size transport at the breakwater. In both instances the results of the assault were unoberved. HINTS AT RIGID CONTROL OF WAGES TREASURY CALLS ON EXPERTS TO �L\KE RECOMMENDATIONS TO BYRNES. Washington, Oct. 8.-(^)-The treasury made public today correspondence indicating that the governments' control over the nation's wages and salaries may be more rigid than shown in President Roosevelt's stabilization order of October 3. Secretary Morgenthau released the text of a letter from James F. Byrnes, director of economic stabilization, in which Byrnes asked the treasury to propose regulations to enforce salary limitations. Letter in Part. In part, the letter advised the treasury as follows: "Inasmuch as the recent emergency legislation seems to authorize a broader and more direct control over salaries, the regulations which you may recommend to carry out the president's objectives need not be limited to title III, section 4 of the executive order so long as they come within the scope of the powei's granted to the president." While Morgenthau declined to discuss his probable recommendations, he told reporters that ho had set his ranking experts to work on the problems and hoped to send a plan to Byrnes by Monday. The rest of the letter to Morgenthau cited the president's October 3 statement of policy that persons (Continued on Page 4 A) Competitive Spirit Spurs Children ? ? ? ? : : : .> Piles of Scrap Grow Ever Larger STOCKS WHIRLED UP ON INCREASED VOLUME, New York, Oct. 8.--(/P)-Better war news and brighter prospects for congressional corporate tax leniency helped spur wide buying in today's stoclt market on volume of ai'ound 1,000,000 shares, best for 1942 to date. Favorites were bid up a few cents to $2 or more a share and the majority closed at or near the day's best levels. There was an assortment of new highs for the year. Little girls tugging at long sections of pipe-little boys manfully half carrying and half dragging heavy iron bedsteads and both boys and girls pulling weighty loads of old metal in their wagons were common sights on the streets of Joplin yesterday as salvage piles on the city's school grounds mounted higher. The children are doing their part in this week's school drive for salvage material to go into the war effort and they are being aided generously by their parents and I business men. The older salvage seekers are cleaning out their garages, basements and attics and the business men arc assembling all useless metal objects from their places of business and tuin-ing them over to school children who will turn them over to Uncle Sam. Willie patriotism and a desire to help in tlie war effort i.s the pii-mary motive of the .school children, their competitive spirit also i.s playing SI. largo part in the canipiiignl as students of the respective scliool.s vie for honors of bringing in the most junk. Inter-school ri-| valry also is showing results as the various schools' corps of salvagers AMERICAN FLIERS IN EGYPT STRIKE PUNISHING BLOWS Thirty-Seven Axis Warships and Other Vessels Sunk or Badly Damaged Since June. POSSIBLE RETREA T FROM STALINGRAD HINTED IN BERLIN LONG FLIGHTS MADE TO BLAST HARBORS Russians Rip Gaps in Enemy Plank Above City, Forcing Hitler's Commanders to Divert Crack Prussian Troops to Meet Threat -Planes and Tanks in Vast Numbers Fail to Halt Red Advance. Lines Supplying Rommel's; Army Harassed-1,580 Tons of Bombs Dropped in Past 110 Days. Washington, Oct. 8.-(iP)-The growing destructive power of j American air forces in Egypt was | credited officially toaay with sinking or badly damaging 37 Axis warships and other vessels since early June while harrassing the ports and supply lines of the Nazi desert army. Major General Russell L. Maxwell advised the war department that damage from near misses of American bombs and other unobserved destruction probably raised this total of the havoc wrought on the enemy. Tons of Bombs Dropped. In a report summarized by Undersecretary Robert P. Patterson, the American army commander in the Middle East said the airmen had loosed 3,161,00 pounds-about 1,580 tons-of bombs In the past 110 days. Of these, 969,000 pounds were dropped during September alone. The American air fighters operated with Britain's Royal Air Force in support of British forces battling General Erwin Rommel's desert army, but. the report indicated they operated independently in many of their far-ranging attacks in the eastern Mediterranean on enemy shipping and supply ports. Carried Out 77 Missions. Under the immediate command of Major General Lewis H. Brere-ton, chief of American air forces on the Egyptian front, four-engine B-24 Liberator bombers carried out 77 missions between June and the close of September. Medium bombers. North Ameri-con B-25 two-engine craft of the type used to raid Tokyo, carried out 13 misisons In scourging Axis supply lines in Africa. Freight vessels included in the shipping toll ranged in size from 2,500 to 10,000 tons, Maxwell said. In addition, attacks on Tobruk, Bengasi and other ports resulted in the destruction of small Axis boats and lighters, along with warehouses, ammunition dumps and oil storage tanks. work like beavers to make their school's pile larger than the others. The assortment of articles to be found in the salvage drive is so varied that virtually every use to which metal has been put in the last half century is represented in the collection. Some of the articlesi seen at a casual glance are razor blades, children's toys, brass cuspidors, the end and one side of a metal coffin, stove pipe and pipe of every variety, the bayonet from a rifle from some former war, sections of iron fence, bed frames and springs, old metal roofing, motor car parts, kitchen utensils, heavy machinery parts and hundred.? of other articles formerly classed as junlc but now found to be vital material to the war effort. Duenweg, througli the Duenwet? school, is co-operating in the .Io|)-liii campaign and scrap collected there will bt- turned in with the .Joplin collection Kundiiy. The campaign will cpnlinue today in greater volume, .salv.'ige officials anticipate, as the. inier^yt ^ of jiarent.s and childifin in the ( f-. fort inci'ea.'3e.s. Schools will bo \ closed Saturday bui it is expected | (Continued on Page 4 A> ESCAPE FROM GERMANY, TOPIC OF TALK TODAY Alfred Touscher, who was forced to flee from Germany after the Nazi regime came into power, will speak on "My Escape From Germany" before the Young Matrons' Club at the Y. W. C. A. at 1:30 o'clock this afternoon. He also will play piano selections. Mrs. W. G. Forrest, who was named president at the last meeting, will preside. A nominating committee will present the name of a vice president. Mrs. Paul Tap-pana is chairman of tlie program. A nursery for the children of club members and guests will be conducted at the First Methodist \ church. HOURLY TEMPERATURES Yesterday's temperature range was within 1 degree of being identical with that of a year ago. The maximum yesterday was 78 degrees and the minimum was 56. A year ago the maximum was tlie same and the mininuun was 57. Clear skies and a warm sun provided ideal .�lutunin weather. 1 lourly tt'mpi;ratuiTs: U. 111. III. 1 :i. 111. !) a. Ill, tl U. Ill. 7 Ji. 111. S .-1. 111. 'J 11. 111. ID :i. ni. II ;i. 111. Noon . .. 1 R. m. .. .lii: I |. .. .lid. )j .. .ilDj ;s |) .. ..'I'.i; ! |i . . .5,SI II |,. ... .' .. .'.7i S ,,, .. .(in; ii |j. .. .ii7 in |i. ...TCIII |>, .. . . .7;!'Mlciiil!''it I'ridii.v. .. .001 il a 111. Ill. Ill. 111. . III. . III. . Ill. III. . 111. . 111. . 111. . New York, Oct. 8.-(AP)-The German propaganda machine laid a foimdation tonight for a possible retreat from Stalingrad, where the Red army's staunch defense! have consumed Nazi troops and machines by the thousandiS for 45 days of flaming siege. "The fight for Stalingrad has changed," said a broadcast by DNB, the official news agency, quoting "military quarters." "The strategic objective at Stalingrad already has been achieved," DNB continued, "It is no longer necessary to send German infantry and assault engineers into the battle. The finishing touches will now be entrusted to heavy artillery units and Stukas (dive-bombers)." A Russian counter-offensive has HOUSE VOTES SIX BILLION FOR M BIG APPROPRIATION BILL CARRIES FUNDS FOR 14,611 NAVAL PLANES. Washington, Oct. 8.- IJP) -A $6,236,956,621 appropriations measure, boosting this nation's cost-of-war bill to $220,000,000,000, was passed swiftly by the house today to finance a naval aviation expansion program and a variety of other war-born projects. The new appropriations encountered no opposition on the floor, winning final approval by a voice vote. Members of the house appropriations committee informed the house that the United States soon would be spending at the rate of $6,000,000,000 monthly for arms. Nearly 90 per cent of the new omnibus deficiency bill was earmarked for the navy, with $2,862,-000,000 - the measure's largest single allocation-set apart for 14,-611 naval planes to give Uncle Sam's growing fleet of aircraft carriers its sting. Funds to Expand Fleet. In addition to the direct appropriations to a dozen different government agencies, the measure formally granted the navy department authority to enter into contract obligations for the previously-authorized, 1,900,000-ton fleet expansion estimated to cost $9,510,-000,000. On top of $5,595,388,308 tor the navy, the measure bundled up $500,000,000 for war housing, 33,-800,000 for the office of war information, $19,000,000 for a guayule rubber project, $25,000,000 for the office of defense transportation, and $10,303,680 for the war manpower commission. Both Chairman Cannon, democrat, Missouri, of the appropriations committee, and Representative Taber, republican. New Yorlc, rauKing minority member, agreed that the country's spending rate for war-$5,384,000,000 in September-would reach $6,000,000,000 a month by the first of the year. While Taber expressed the hope that it would go "still higher," Cannon, in response to a question from the floor, said that he believed the $6,000,000,000 monthly rate was approaching the maximum. Scope of the appropriations ranged all the way from providing short-wave air lanes to carry America's message of victory to the Axis countries to building homes for war workers, from developing guayule plants for rubber to improving the gulf intercoast waterway. The measure now goes to the senate, where quick action sjso is expected. been pressing heavily against the German left flank from the north on the steppes between the Volga and Don, and was even before Hitler's speech of eight days ago when the German chancellor boasted unequivocally that Stalingrad would be captured-"you may rest assured." The very fact that "military quarters" in Berlin were quoted as indicating that the siege of Stalin--, grad might be lifted was a faint indication that the military had taken over the situation, desplt* Hitler's latest promise. .. V '. .. Ill . ,T7 . .7,-. . . 7.'i . .(iJ . .US . .hi . .ii:j I . .O'J ' i Crew ill liultles Siili. Paraiuaiibo, Dutch Guiana, Oct. 8.--(.'l^) 'rill! 24 "shipwrecked" Brazilian seamen whose arrival wa.s disclo,iL'il ytslerduy, fought back with ijmall guns fi'oni iheir lifeboat wlion a Huliniarine trained its guns on them after sin'ung their ship, it became Irnown today. Four of their shipmates died of wounds before reaching hero. Nazis Break Into Suburb. Moscow, Oct. 9.-(Friday)-Ca^- German tanks and infantry broke into the streets in a factory suburb of Stalingrad yesterday while tht Red army attacking the Nazi flank above the city held newly-AVon positions by beating off several small assaults. A midnight Soviet comuniqu� said 16 of the 50 German tanks hurled against. the Red lines in the battered northwestern out-' skirts of Stalingrad were destroyed and four battalions (about 2,000 men) of infantry were wiped out* "Only in one place the enemy succeeded in occupying two streets of a populated place," the communique said of this fight. Field dispatches said one quarter of the workers' settlement was now in ruins from German bombs,/ shells and mortar fire, but said the Red ar.-ny thus far has held th� Germans back from ' the Volga river banks and the heart of Stalingrad In a siege now entering its forty-sixth day. Gaps Torn in Nazi Lines. The Soviet dispatches said that Russian tanks had torn gaps in ths German left flank above the city,', forcing the Nazi command to divert ^ elite Prussian troops to meet the I threat. The late communique did not credit the Red army, however, with any further advances in'the northwest, saying merely that "our troops exchanged fire witli the enemy and in some sectors repulsed attacks launched by small groups of Hitlerites." Soviet artillery and. mortar gunners of the unit were said to havs annihilated one company of Ger-^ man infantry northwest. of .^Stalin- ' grad, and also to. have destroyed two guns, eight miachine' gUns, an. ammunition dump'and 11 block-, houses. Two more Nazi infantry companies were killed in the repulse of enemy attacks in the Mozdok area^ of the Caucasus, and nine tanks were destroyed and 600 Germans slain in indecisive fighting at' Sinyavino in the Lieningrad area, the communique said. Reds Hold Initiative. While the Russians were nieeting heavy resistance in their' counter-offensive between tlie Volga and Don rivers above Stalingrad, the army newspaper Red Star said they � still held the initiative.  - The Germans were aislng tanks and planes prodigally in vain efforts to halt Marshal Semeoa. Timoshenko's offensive that ini-' perilled the whole siege of Stalingrad. The Prussians were .reported ig (Continued on Pag*' AJi ^'/ 1100 688?6900 ;